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woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye shut up

the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in your 14 selves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in. Woe unto

you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye devour widows'

Pharisee); for every one that exalteth himself spread no further among the people (said the shall be abased; and he that humbleth him- council), let us straitly threaten them (liter self shall be exalted. Lu. xviii. 14. God apostles), that they speak henceforth to resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the man in this name. And they called them, humble. Ja. iv. 6. Likewise, ye younger and commanded them not to speak at all ner submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of teach in the name of Jesus. dc. iv. 17. 18. you be subject one to another, and be clothed Did not we straitly command you (said the with humility: for God resisteth the proud high priest to the apostles) that ye should and giveth grace to the humble. 1 Pe. v. 5. not teach in this name? And behold ye

13 Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees.] have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and See verse 14, 15. 27. 29. Therefore the Lord intend to bring this man's blood upon os will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch And when they had called the apostles and and rush in one day. The ancient and ho- beaten them, they commanded that they nourable, he is the head ; and the prophe should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let that teacheth lies, he is the tail. Is. ix. 14, them go. Ac. v. 28. 40. And Saul was con15. The sinners in Zion are afraid ; fearful- senting unto his (Stephen's) death. And a ness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who that time there was a great persecution against among us shall dwell with the devouring fire ? the church which was at Jerusalem. And who among us shall dwell with everlasting they were all scattered abroad throughout the burnings ? Is. xxx. 14. Woe to the idle regions of Judea, and Samaria, except the shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword apostles. Ac. viii. 1. But Elymas the corshall be upon his arm and upon his right eye: cerer (for so is his name by interpretation), his arm shall be clean dried up; and his right withstood "them” (: Barnabas and Soud!). eye shall be utterly darkened. Ze. xi. 17. seeking to turn away the deputy (Sergis Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint Paulus) from the faith. Ac. xiii. 8. and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass also have suffered like things of your own over judgment and the love of God: these countrymen, even as they have of the Jews; ought ye to have done, and not to leave the who both killed the Lord Jesus and their own other undone. Woe unto you, Pharisees! prophets, and have persecuted us; and they for ye love the uppermost seats in the syna- please not God, and are contrary to all, mes : gogues, and greetings in the markets. Lu. forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that xi. 42, 43,

they might be saved, to fill up their sin alway, For ye shut up the kingdom of heaven.] See for the wrath is come upon them to the utter chap, xxi, 31, 32. Woe unto you, lawyers ! most. 1 The. ii. 15, 16. Now as Jannes and for ye have taken away the key of knowledge; Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also ye entered not in yourselves, and them that resist the truth ; men of corrupt minds tepre were entering in ye hindered. Lu. xi. 52. bate concerning the faith. 2 Ti. iii. & Ale. Never man spake like this man (said the ander the coppersmith did me much evil: the officers to the chief priests). Then answered Lord reward him according to his works; OX them the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived ? whom be thou ware also, for he hath greatly Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees be- withstood our words. 2 Ti. ix. 14, 15, Sex lieved on him? But this people who knoweth xxvii. 1. not the law are cursed. Nicodemus saith 14 For ye devour widows' houses.] Ye stall unto them (he that came to Jesus by night, not afflict any widow or fatherless child; If being one of them), Doth our law judge any thou afflict them in any wise, and they ay at man before it hear him, and know what he all unto me, I will surely hear their cry. And doeth? They answered and said unto him, my wrath shall wax hot; and I will küll you Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: with the sword, and your wives shall be for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. And widows, and your children fatherless. Es. every man went unto his own house. John xxii. 22, 23, 24. Thou hast sent widom vii. 46–53. The Jews had agreed already, away empty, and the arms of the fatherless that if any man did confess that he was Christ, have been broken. . Job xxii. 9. If I have he should be put out of the synagogue. Then withheld the poor from their desire, or have again called they the man that was blind, caused the eyes of the widow to fail, or kase and said unto him, Give God the praise; we eaten my morsel myself alone, and the father know that this man is a sinner. Thou wastless have not eaten thereof: If I hare seun altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach any perish for want of clothing, or any poor us? And they cast him out. John ix. 22, without covering ; If his loins have not blessed 24. 34. That "it" ("the doctrine of Christ") me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece

ouses, and for a pretence make long prayer : therefore ye shall eceive the greater damnation. Woe unto you, Scribes and Pba- 15 isees, hypocrites ! for ye compass sea and land to make one proelyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the

I my sheep; then let mine arm fall from my city, whithersoever the king's commandment houlder-blade, and mine arm be broken from and his decree came, the Jews had joy and he bone. Job xxxi. 16–20. 22. Beware of gladness, a feast and a good day. And many he Scribes, which devour widows' houses, and of the people of the land became Jews; for the or a pretence make long prayers; they shall fear of the Jews fell upon them. Es. viii. 17. eceive greater damnation. Mar. xii. 40. Beware How hear we (said the multitude on the day of of the Scribes, which devour widows' houses, Pentecost) every man in our own tongue, ind for a shew make long prayers. The same wherein we were born ? Parthians, and hall receive greater damnation. Lu. XX. 47. Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in of this sort are they (having a form of godli- Mesopotamia, in Pontus, and Asia. Phrygia, less, but denying the power), which creep into and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of ouses, and lead captive silly women laden Lybia about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, rith sins, led away with divers lusts. 2 Ti. Jews and Proselytes, Cretes and Arabians, i. 6. There are many unruly and vain we do hear them speak in our tongues the ulkers, and deceivers, specially they of the wonderful works of God. Ac. ii. 8–11. Now, ircumcision ; whose mouths must be stopped, when the congregation was broken up, many rho subvert whole houses, teaching things of the Jews and religious proselytes followed which they ought not for filthy lucre's sake. Paul and Barnabas : who, speaking to them, ri. i. 10, 11. Spots " they” (the false persuaded them to continue in the grace of bachers ") are ; having eyes full of adultery, God. Ac. xii. 43. nd that cannot cease from sin; beguiling un- Ye make him twofold more the child of hell.] table souls : an heart they have exercised Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts rith covetous practices ; cursed children: of your father ye will do. He was a murwhich have forsaken the right way, and are derer from the beginning, and abode not in the one astray, following the way of Balaam, the truth, because there is no truth in him. When on of Bosor, who loved the wages of un- he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: ighteousness. 2 Pe. ii. 14, 15.

for he is a liar, and the father of it. John Therefore ye shall receive the greater dam- viii. 44. O full of all subtilty, and all misation.] See verse 33. It shall be more toler- chief, thou child of the devil, thou enemy ile for the land of Sodom in the day of judg- of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to nent than for thee (said Jesus to Capernaum). pervert the right ways of the Lord ? Ac. xiii. Vat. xi. 24. He that knew not, and did com- 10. The unbelieving Jews stirred up the nit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten Gentiles, and made their minds evil affected with few stripes. For unto whomsoever much against the brethren. And there came thither s given, of him shall be much required : and (to Lystra) certain Jews from Antioch and o whom men have committed much, of him Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, hey will ask the more. Lu. xii. 48. My bre- having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, hren, be not many masters, knowing that we supposing he had been dead. Ac. xiv. 2. 19. hall receive the greater condemnation. Ja. The Jews which believed not, moved with i. I. And many shall follow their pernicious envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of ways, by reason of whom the way of truth the baser sort, and gathered a company, and hall be evil spoken of, and through covet- set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the usness shall they with feigned words make house of Jason, and sought to bring them out nerchandize of you, whose judgment now of to the people. And when they found them : long time lingereth not, and their damna- not, they drew Jason and certain brethren ion shunbereth not. 2 Pe. ii. 2, 3.

unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that 15 For ye compass sea and land.] Am I have turned the world upside down are come herefore become your enemy because I tell hither also. But when the Jews of Thessaou the truth? They zealously affect you, lonica had knowledge that the word of God was lect not well; yea, they would exclude you, preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither hat ye might affect them. Ga. iv. 16, 17. As also, and stirred up the people. Ac. xvii. 5, 6. nany as desire to make a fair shew in the 13. You hath he quickened who were dead lesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; in trespasses and sins. Wherein in time past inly lest they should suffer persecution for the ye walked according to the course of this ross of Christ. For neither they themselves world, according to the prince of the power who are circumcised keep the law; but desire of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the o have you circumcised, that they may glory children of disobedience : among whom also n your flesh. Ga. vi. 12, 13.

we all had our conversation in times past, in Proselyte.) In every province, and in every the lusts of our filesh fulfilling the desires of VOL. II.

2 F

10 child of hell than yourselves. Woe unto yon, ye blind guides,

which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing;

but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a 17 debtor! Ye fools and blind : for whether is greater, the gold, or 18 the temple that sanctifieth the gold? And, whosoever shall swear

by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift 19 that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools and blind : for whether is 20 greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? Whoso

therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things 21 thereon. And whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it

, 22 and by him that dwelleth therein. And he that shall swear by

the flesh, and of the mind; and were by 17 Ye fools and blind.] Understand, ye brunature the children of wrath, even as others. tish among the people; and, ye fools, when Ep. ii. 1, 2, 3.

will ye be wise ? Ps. xciv. 8. 16 Ye blind guides.] See verse 17. 19. 24. Or the temple that sanctifieth the gold.] See 26. Let them alone (said Jesus of the Scribes verse 19. And thou shalt anoint the taberand Pharisees), they be blind leaders of the nacle of the congregation therewith (eith the blind; and if the blind lead the blind, both holy anointing oil), and the ark of the testishall fall into the ditch. Mat. xv. 14. His mony, and the table and all his vessels, and watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleep- of incense, and the altar of burnt-offering, ing, lying down, loving to slumber. Yea, with all his vessels, and the laver and his fool. they are greedy dogs which can never have And thou shalt sanctify them, that they masy enough, and they are shepherds that cannot be most holy; whatsoever toucheth therm understand: they all look to their own way, shall be holy. Ex. XXX. 26–29. The cen. every one for his gain from his quarter. is. sers of these sinners (Korah, Dathan, en lvi. 10, 11. For judgment I am come into Abiram) against their own souls, let them this world, that they which see not might see; make them (said Moses by the word of the and that they which see might be made blind. Lord) broad plates for a covering of the And some of the Pharisees which were with him altar; for they offered them before the Lord, heard these words, and said unto him, Are therefore they are hallowed. And they shall we blind also ? Jesus said unto them, If ye be a sign unto the children of Israel. And were blind ye should have no sin : but now Eleazar the priest took the brazen censets ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth. wherewith they that were burnt had ofered: John ix. 39, 40, 41.

and they were made broad plates for a coverWhosoever shall swear by the temple.] See ing of the altar. Nu xvi. 38–39. chap. v. 33, 34. Above all things, my brethren, 19 Or the altar that sanctifieth, &c.] Seren swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the days thou shalt make an atonement for the earth, neither by any other oath ; but let your altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an alta yea be yea; and your nay, nay ; lest ye fall into most holy, whatsoever toucheth the altar shall condemnation. Ja. v. 12.

be holy. Ex. xxix. 37. Thou shalt sanctify It is nothing.] Whosoever shall say to his them (the altar of burnt offering, &e.), that father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatso. they may be most holy, whatsoever toucheth ever thou mightest be profited by me; and them shall be holy. Ex. XXX. 29. honour not his father or his mother, he shall 21 And by him that dwelleth therein.) ! be free. Thus have ye made the command have surely built thee an house to dwell in ment of God of none effect by your tradition. (said Solomon), a settled place for the to Mat. xv. 5, 6. Moses said, Honour thy father abide in for ever!

But will God dwell and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father on the earth? Behold, the heaven, and or mother, let him die the death : but ye say, heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how If a man shall say to his father or mother, it much less this house that I have builded ! is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever Ki, viii. 13. 27. I have built an house of thou mightest be profited by me, he shall habitation for thee, and a place for thy dwellbe free. And ye suffer him 'no more to do ing for ever. 2 Ch. vi. 2. And the priests ought for his father or his mother: making could not enter into the house of the Lord, the word of God of none effect through your because the glory of the Lord bad filled the tradition which ye have delivered: and many Lord's house. 2 Ch. vii. 2. Lord, I have such like things do ye. Mar. vii. 10-13. loved the habitation of thy house, and the

He is a debtor.] I testify again to every place where thine honour dwelleth. Po man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to xxvi. 8. For the Lord hath chosen Zion; he do the whole law. Ga. v. 3.

hath desired it for his habitation. This #

heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon. Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for 23 ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. Ye 24 blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel. Woe 25

fore

my rest for ever ; here will I dwell

, for I have thou (the man that buildeth his house by undesired it. Ps. cxxxii. 13, 14. Now there- righteousness) reign because thou closest thy

ye are no more strangers and foreigners, self in cedar? Did not thy father eat and but are built upon the foundation of the drink, and do judgment and justice, and then apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself it was well with him? He judged the cause being the chief corner-stone : in whom ye also of the poor and needy, then it was well with are builded together for an habitation of God him; was not this to know me? saith the through the Spirit. Ep. ii. 19, 20. 22. For Lord. Je. xxii. 15-16. I desired mercy, in" him” (Christ") dwelleth all the fulness and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God of the Godhead bodily. Col. ii. 9.

more than burnt-offerings. Ho. vi. 6. He 22 By the throne of God.] I say unto you (the Lord) hath shewed thee, O man, what is swear not at all, neither by heaven for it is good; and what doth the Lord require of God's throne, &c. Mat. v. 34. The Lord is thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and in his holy temple: the Lord's throne is in to walk humbly with thy God? Mi. vi. 8. heaven. Ps. xi. 4. The heaven is my The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, throne (saith the Lord), and the earth is my long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, footstool : where is the house that ye build meekness, temperance, against such things unto me? and where is the place of my rest? there is no law. Ga. v. 22, 23. Is. lxvi. l. Heaven is my throne (saith the These ought ye to have done.] Whosoever prophet); and earth is my foot-stool: what shall break one of these least commandments, house will ye build me saith the Lord, or and shall teach men so; he shall be called the what is the place of my rest ? Ac. vii. 49. least in the kingdom of heaven : but whosoAnd immediately I was in the spirit; and ever shall do and teach them, the same shall behold, a throne was set in heaven, and one be called great in the kingdom of heaven. sat on the throne. And he that sat was to For I say unto you, except your righteouslook upon like a jaspar, and a Sardine stone : ness shall exceed the righteousness of the and there was a rainbow round about the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case throne, in sight like unto an emerald. Re. enter into the kingdom of heaven. Mat. v.

19, 20. 23 For ye pay tithe of mint, &c.] Woe 24 Which strain at a gnat, &c.] Why into you, Pharisees, for ye tithe mint and beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brome, and all manner of herbs; and pass over ther's eye, but considerest not the beam that judgment and the love of God: these ought is in thine own eye? Mat. vii. 3. Why do fe to have done, and not to leave the other thy disciples (said the Scribes and Pharisees Indone. Lu. xi. 42.

to Jesus) transgress the tradition of the elders? The weightier matters of the law.] Go ye For they wash not their hands when they eat and learn what that meaneth, I will have bread. But he answered and said unto them, mercy and not sacrifice, for I am not come to Why do ye also transgress the commandment call the righteous but sinners to repentance. of God by your tradition? For God comMat. ix. 13. If ye had known what this manded, saying, Honour thy father and thy meaneth, I will have mercy and not sacrifice, mother, and he that curseth father or mother, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. let him die the death. But ye say, WhosoMat

. xil. 7. Thou shalt love the Lord thy ever shall say to his father, or his mother, It is God will all thy heart, and with all thy soul, a gift by whatsoever thou mightest be profited and with all thy mind; this is the first and by me, and honour not his father or his steat commandment: and the second is like mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as the commandment of God of none effect by thyself. On these two commandments hang your tradition. Mat. xv. 2–6. It is easier all the law and the prophets. Mat. xxii. for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, 37–40. And Samuel said, Hath the Lord than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom as great delight in burnt-offerings and sacri- of God. Mat. xix, 24. And the chief priests fices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? took the silver pieces (which Judas had reBehold, to obey is better than sacrifice ; and turned), and said, It is not lawful for to put to hearken than the fat of rams. 1 Sa. xv. 22. them into the treasury, because it is the price To do justice and judgment is more acceptable of blood. And they took counsel, and bought to the Lord than sacrifice. Pr. xxi. 3. Shalt with them the potter's field, to bury strangers

İ2, 3.

unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean

the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full 26 of extortion and excess. Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that

which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may 27 be clean also. Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites?

for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of

over.

in. Wherefore that field was called the field thoughts : and let him return unto the Lord, of blood unto this day. Mat. xxvii. 6, 7, 8. and he will have mercy upon him ; and to And the Scribes and Pharisees watched him our God, for he will abundantly pardon. ls (Jesus) whether he would heal on the sab- lv. 7. Ó Jerusalem, wash thine heart fram bath-day, that they might find an accusation wickedness, that thou mayest be saved: box against him. But he knew their thoughts, long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within and said to the man which had the withered thee? Je, iv. 14. I have seen thine adalhand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. teries, and thine abominations on the hills in And he arose and stood forth. Then said the fields. Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing, Is Wilt thou not be made clean? when shall it it lawful on the sabbath-days to do good or once be? Je. xiii. 27. Cast away from you to do evil ? to save life or to destroy it? And all your transgressions, whereby ye bare looking round about upon them all, he said transgressed: and make you a new heart, unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand : and he and a new spirit; for why will ye die, O did so. And his hand was restored whole as house of Israel? Ez. xviii. 31.

A good the other. Lu. vi. 7—10. Then led they Jesus man, out of the good treasure of his heart, from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: bringeth forth that which is good; and an and it was early, and they themselves went evil man, out of the evil treasure of his heart, not into the judgment hall, lest they should bringeth forth that which is evil : for of the be defiled, but that they might eat the pass- abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

Then cried they all again, saying, Lu. vi. 45. Having therefore these promises, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from was a robber. John xviii. 28. 40.

all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting 25 For ye make clean the outside, &c.] Out holiness in the fear of God. 2 Co. vii. 1. of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, Let us draw near with a true heart, in full adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled blasphemies; these are the things which defile from an evil conscience, and our bodies a man; but to eat with unwashen hands de- washed with pure water. He. X. 22 Draw fileth not a man. Mat. xv. 19, 20. And nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you; when they" (the Pharisees) come from cleanse your hands, ye sinners, and purify the market, except they wash they eat not. your hearts, ye double minded. Ja. iv. 8. And many other things there be which they 27 Like unto whited sepulchres.] have received to hold, as the washing of cups, aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a and pots, brazen vessels, and of tables. Mar. trumpet, and shew my people their transvii. 3. Now do ye Pharisees make clean the gressions, and the house of Jacob their sias. outside of the cup and the platter ; but your Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, Ye fools, did not he that made that which is and forsook not the ordinance of their God. without, make that which is within also ? They ask of me the ordinances of justice, they Lu. xi. 39, 40.

take delight in approaching to God. Is Iriö. Full of extortion and excess.] They also 1, 2. Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, have erred through wine, and through strong hypocrites, for ye are as graves which appes drink are out of the way: the priest and the not, and the men that walk over them are not prophet have erred through strong drink; aware of them. Lu. xi. 44. Then (when they they are swallowed up of wine, they are out high priest, Ananias, commanded then that of the way through strong drink : they err in stood by to smile Paul on the mouth) said Paul vision, they stumble in judgment, so that there unto him, God shall smite thee, Ikon whited is no place clean. Is. xxviii. 7, 8.

wall! for sittest thou to judge me after the 26 Cleanse first that which is within.] law, and commandest me to be smitten conEither make the tree good, and his fruit trary to the law ? Ac. xxiii. 3. good ; or else make the tree corrupt, and Sepulchres.] Whosoever toucheth one tha! his fruit corrupt; for the tree is known by is slain with a sword in the open fields, or s his fruit. Mat. xii. 33. Let the wicked dead body, or a bone of a man, or a grave, forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his shall be unclean seven days. Nr. xix. 16.

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