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forth therefore fruits meet for repentance: And think not to say 9 within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto day. 2 The. i. 9, 10. (God confirmed his pro- shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the mise by an oath) that by two immutable things knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Pe. iii. 8. in which it was impossible for God to lie, we Fruits meet for repentance.] The fruit of might have a strong consolation who have fled the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long suffering, for refuge, to lay hold upon the hope set before gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temus. He vi. 18. And (the kings of the earth, perance; against such there is no law. Ga. and the great men, and the rich men, fc.) said v. 23, 24. The fruit of the Spirit is in all to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us and goodness and righteousness, and truth. Ep. hide us from the face of him that sitteth on v. 9. Being filled with the fruits of righteousthe throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb. ness, which are by Jesus Christ unto the For the great day of his wrath is come, and glory and praise of God. Phi. i. 11. who shall be able to stand ? Re. vi. 16, 17. Meet, &c.] Thus saith the Lord of hosts,

8 Bring forth, &c.] See chap. iii. 2. Wash you, the God of Israel, Amend your ways, and make you clean, put away the evil of your your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in doings from before mine eyes; cease to do this place. Trust ye not in lying words, evil; learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve saying, The temple of the Lord, the temple the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for of the Lord, the temple of the Lord are these. the widow. Is. i. 16, 17. Bring forth (there- For if ye thoroughly amend your ways, and fore) fruits worthy of repentance ; now the your doings; if ye thoroughly execute judgaxe is laid unto the root of the trees : every ment between a man and his neighbour ; if tree therefore which bringeth not forth good ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. And and the widow, and shed not innocent blood the people asked him saying, What shall we in this place, neither walk after other gods do ? And he said unto them, Exact no more to your hurt: then will I cause you to dwell in than that which is appointed you ; do violence this place, in the land that I gave to your to no man: neither accuse any falsely, and be fathers for ever and ever. Je. vii. 3-7. content with your wages. Lu. iii. 8. 10---14. Therefore now amend your ways, and your Despisest thou the riches of his goodness, and doings, and obey the voice of the Lord your forbearance, and long suffering, not knowing God; and the Lord will repent him of the that the goodness of God leadeth thee to re- evil that he hath pronounced against you. Je. pentance? But after thy hardness, and im- xxvi. 13. It may be, that the house of Judah penitent heart treasurest up unto thyself will hear all the evil which I purpose to do wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation unto them; that they may return every man of the righteous judgment of God; who will from his evil way, that I may forgive their render to every man according to his deeds: iniquity and their sin. Je. xxxvi. 3. to them who by patient continuance in well- 9 Think not to say.] From within, out of doing, seek for glory, and honour, and im- the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, mortality, eternal life; but unto them that adulteries, fornications, murders, &c. Mar. are contentious, and do not obey the truth, vii. 21. Bring forth therefore fruits worthy but obey unrighteousness, indignation, and of repentance, and begin not to say within wrath, tribulation, and anguish, upon every yourselves, We have Abraham to our father : soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, for I say unto you, That God is able of these and also of the Gentile. Ro. ii. 4—7. Por stones to raise up children unto Abraham. behold, this selfsame thing, that ye sorrowed Lu. ii. 8. When Jesus perceived their after a godly sort, what carefulness it wrought thoughts (respecting his forgiving sins), he in you, yea, what clearing of yourselves, yea, answered and said unto them, What reason what indignation, yea, what fear, yea, what ye in your hearts? Lu. v. 22. Now when the vehement desire, yea, what zeal, yea, what Pharisee which had bidden “him" (" Jesus") revenge! In all things ye have approved saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This yourselves to be clear in this matter. 2 Co. man, if he were a prophet, would have known vii. Jl. Whereby (by Christ's divine power) who and what manner of woman this is that are given unto us exceeding great and precious toucheth him : for she is a sinner. Lu. vii. promises ; that by these ye might be partakers 39. And he (the rich man in the parable) of the divine nature, having escaped the corrup- thought within himself, saying, What shall í tion that is in the world through lust. And be- do, because I have no room where to bestow sides this, giving diligence, add to your faith, my fruits? Lu. xii. 17. virtue ; and to virtue, knowledge; and to know- We have Abraham, &c.] Son of man, ledge, temperance; and to temperance, pa- they that inhabit those wastes of the land of tience ; and to patience, godliness; and to godli- Israel speak, saying, Abraham was one, and ness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kind- he inherited the land: but we are many, the ness, charity. 2 Pe. i. 3—7. For if these things land is given us for inheritance. Ez. xxxiii. be in you and abound, they make you that ye 24. And he (the rich man, being in torments)

you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto 10 Abraham. And now also the ax is laid unto the root of the trees :



cried and said, Father Abraham have mercy God is able of these stones, &c.] Many

me, and send Lazarus that he may shall come (said Jesus) from the east and dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and tongue, for I am tormented in this flame, Lu. Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven; xvi. 24. They (the Jews) answered “him" but the children of the kingdom shall be east (" Jesus”), We be Abraham's seed, and were out into outer darkness; there shall be weepnever in bondage to any man. How sayesting, and gnashing of teeth. Mat. viii. 11, 12. thou, Ye shall be made free? Abraham is And Jesus answered, and said unto them (the our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye Pharisees), I tell you, that if these (the diswere Abraham's children, ye would do the ciples) should hold their peace, the stones works of Abraham; but now ye seek to kill would immediately cry out. Lu. xix. 40. me, a man that hath told you the truth which Simeon hath declared (said James to the muiI have heard of God; this did not Abraham. titudes of the Jews) how God at the first did Art thou (said the Jews) greater than our visit the Gentiles to take out of them a people father Abraham which is dead? And the for his name. Ac. xv. 14. As it is written, I prophets are dead, whom makest thou thy- have made thee" (" Abrakam") a father of many self? John viïi. 33. 39, 40. 53. Men and nations; before him whom he believed, even brethren (said Paul at Antioch), children of God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among those things which be not as though they you feareth God, to you is the word of this Ro. iv. 17. God hath chosen the salvation sent. Ac. xiii. 26. What shall we foolish things of the world to confound the then say, that Abraham our father as per- wise, and God hath chosen the weak things taining to the flesh, hath found ? He received of the world to confound the things which are the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righte- mighty. 1 Cor. i. 27, 28. As many of you ousness of the faith, which he had yet being as have been baptized into Christ have put uncircumcised: that he might be the father on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, of all them that believe, though they be not there is neither bond, nor free: there is circumcised ; that righteousness might be im- neither male nor female, for ye are all one in puted unto them also. For the promise that Christ Jesus. And if ye be Christ's, then are he should be the heir of the world was not ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law; promise. Ga. iii. 27, 28, 29. At that time but through the righteousness of faith. There- (when Gentiles in the flesh) ye were without fore it is of faith, that it might be by grace, Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth to the end the promise might be sure to all of Israel, and strangers from the covenant of the seed, not to that only which is of the law, promise, having no hope, and without God in but to that also which is of the faith of Abra- the world. But now in Christ Jesus, ye who ham, who is the father of us all. Ro. iv. I. sometimes were afar off, are made nigh by the 11. 13. 16. Neither because they are the blood of Christ. Ep. ii. 12, 13. seed of Abraham, are they all children; but 10 Now also, &c.] Behold, I will send my in Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, messenger, and he shall prepare the way bethey which are the children of the flesh, these fore me. And the Lord whom ye seek shall are not the children of God. But the children suddenly come to his temple, even the mesof promise are counted for the seed. Ro. ix. senger of his covenant whom ye delight in ; 7, 8. It is written that Abraham had two behold, he shall come saith the Lord of hosts : sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a but who may abide the day of his coming ? free woman. But he who was of the bond. And who shall stand when he appeareth? woman was born after the flesh ; but he of For he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' the free woman was by promise. For it is soap, and he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of written, Rejoice thou barren that bearest not: silver, and he shall purify the sons of Levi, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: and purge them as gold and silver, that they for the desolate hath many more children than may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteshe which hath an husband. Now we, bre

Mal. iii. 1, 2, 3. For behold the thren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise: day cometh which shall burn as an oven, and but as then, he that was born after the flesh all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly persecuted him that was born after the Spirit: shall be stubble, and the day that cometh even so it is now. Nevertheless what saith shall burn them up, saith the Lord of hosts : the Scripture? Cast out the bondwoman that it shall leave them neither root nor and her son, for the son of the bondwoman branch. Mal. iv. I. Wherefore holy brethren, shall not be heir with the son of the free- partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the woman. So then, brethren, we are not chil- apostle, and high priest of our profession, dren of the bondwoman, but of the free. Ga. Jesus Christ, who was faithful to him that iv. 22, 23. 27-31.

appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in


therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn

all his house. For this man was counted planted, and the branch that thou madest worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch strong for thyself; it is burnt with fire: it is as he who hath builded the house hath more cut down, they perish at the rebuke of thy honour than the house. He. ii. 1, 2, 3. He countenance. Ps. lxxx. 15, 16. He (God) that despised Moses' law died without mercy, fenced it (his vineyard), and gathered out the under two or three witnesses. Of how much stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest sorer punishment suppose ye shall he be vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot also made a wine press, and he looked that the Son of God, and hath counted the blood it should bring forth grapes, and it brought of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, forth wild grapes. And now, 0 inhabitants an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge I pray the Spirit of grace ? For we know him that you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I could have been done more to my vineyard, will recompense saith the Lord, And again, that I have not done in it? Wherefore, when the Lord shall judge his people. It is a I looked that it should bring forth grapes, fearful thing to fall into the hands of the brought it forth wild grapes ? And now go living God. He. x. 28–31. See that ye refuse to, I will tell you what I will do to my not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not vineyard : I will take away the hedge thereof, who refused him that spake on earth, much and it shall be eaten up, and break down the more shall not we escape if we turn away from wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down. him that speaketh from heaven. He. xii. 25. And I will lay it waste : it shall not be

The ar is laid.] And now also the ax is laid pruned nor digged, but there shall come up unto the root of the trees : every tree there. briers and thorns; I will command the clouds fore which bringeth not forth good fruit is that they rain no rain upon it. For the vinehewn down, and cast into the fire. L2. yard of the Lord of hosts is the house of iii. 9. If they do these things in a green Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant tree (the Romans), what shall be done in the plant. And he looked for judgment, but dry? (the Jews.) Lu. xxiii. 31.

behold, oppression ; for righteousness, but beTherefore every tree, &c.] “He” (“the hold a cry. Is. V. 2–7. The defenced city godly man") shall be like a tree planted shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his and left like a wilderness; there shall the calf fruit in his season. Ps. i. 3. Those that feed, and there shall he lie down, and conbe planted in the house of the Lord shall sume the branches thereof (of the vineyard); flourish in the house of our God. The righte- when the boughs thereof are withered they ous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall shall be broken off: the women come and set grow like a cedar in Lebanon. Ps. xcii. 12, them on fire. Is. xxvii. 10, 11. What is 13. The Lord hath anointed me (saith the vine tree more than any tree, or than a Christ by the prophet) to appoint unto them branch which is among the trees of the forest ? that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty Shall wood be taken thereof to do any work? for ashes; the oil of joy for mourning; the Or will men take a pin of it to hang any garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; vessel thereon ? Behold, it is cast into the that they might be called Trees of righteous- fire for fuel. The fire devoureth both the ness, the Planting of the Lord, that he might ends of it, and the midst of it is burnt: is it be glorified. Is. Ixi. 3. For he (that trusteth meet for any work? Behold, when it was in the Lord) shall be as a tree planted by the whole, it was meet for no work; how much waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by less shall it be meet yet for any work when the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, the fire hath devoured it, and it is burned ? but her leaf shall be green, and shall not be Therefore, thus saith the Lord God, As the careful in the year of drought, neither shall vine tree among the trees of the forest, which cease from yielding fruit. Je. xvii. 8. Every I have given to the fire for fuel, so will I give branch in me (saith Christ) that beareth not the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And I will set fruit, he taketh away; and every branch that my face against them: they shall go out from beareth fruit he purgeth it; that it may bring one fire, and another fire shall devour them : forth more fruit. John xv. 2.

and ye shall know that I am the Lord, I set Is hewn down.] Every tree that bringeth my face against them. Ez. xv. 1–7. A not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast certain man (said Jesus in a parable) had a fig into the fire. Mat. vii. 19. And when he tree planted in his vineyard, and he came, (Jesus) saw a fig tree in the way, he came to and sought fruit thereon, and found none. it, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee Then said he to the dresser of his vineyard, Behenceforward for ever. And presently the hold these three years I come, seeking fruit fig tree withered away. Mat. xxi. 19. Be- on this fig tree, and find none, cut it down, hold, and visit this vine (O God of hosts), and why cumbereth it the ground? And he anthe vineyard which thy right hand hath swering, said unto him, Lord, let it alone

11 down, and cast into the fire. I indeed baptize you with water

unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear : he shall baptize you with the

this year also, till I shall dig about it and unto thee, but say in a word and my servant dung it, and if it bear fruit, well : and if not, shall be healed. Lu. vii. 6, 7. As John then after that thou shalt cut it down. Lu. fulfilled his course he said, Whom think ye xiii. 6-9. If a man abide not in me, he is that I am ? I am not he. But behold, there cast forth as a branch, and is withered ; and cometh one after me, whose shoes of his feet men gather them, and cast them into the fire, I am not worthy to loose. Ac. xiii. 25. Unto and they are burned. John xv. 6. That me (said Paul) who am less than the least of which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, all saints, is this grace given, that I should and is nigh unto cursing; whose end is to be preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable burned. He. vi. 8. The time is come that riches of Christ. Ep. iii. & Ye younger, judgment must begin at the house of God, submit yourselves unto the elder, yea, all of and if it first begin at us, what shall the end you be subject one to another, and be clothed be of them that obey not the Gospel of God. with humility : for God resisteth the proud, I Pe. iv. 17. And if the righteous scarcely be and giveth grace to the humble. I Pe. r. 5. saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner He shall baptize you, &c.] He that is left appear? 1 Pe. iv. 18.

in Zion shall be called holy; when the Lord 11 Baptize you.] See verse 6, and com. shall have washed away the filth of the of this man's (David's) seed hath God, daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the according to his promise, raised unto Israel a blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof, by Saviour, Jesus, when John had first preached the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of before his coming, the baptism of repentance burning. Is. iv. 4. For I will pour water to all the people of Israel. Ac. xiii. 23, 24. upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the

But he that cometh.] See Mat. iii. 1, and dry ground. I will pour my spirit upon thy com. John bare witness of “him” (“Jesus”) and seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring. cried, saying, This was he of whom I spake, Is. xliv. 3. The Redeemer shall come to he that cometh after me is preferred before Zion, and unto them that turn from transme: for he was before me. He it is who gression in Jacob, saith the Lord. As for me, coining after me is preferred before me, whose this is my covenant with them, saith the shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose. Lord; My spirit that is upon thee, and my These things were done in Bethabara beyond words which I have put in thy mouth, shall Jordan, where John was baptizing. This is not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the he of whom I said, After me cometh a man mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of which is preferred before me, for he was thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from hence. before me. And I saw and bare record that forth and for ever. Is. lix. 20, 21. I will this is the Son of God. John i. 15. 27, 28. 30. bring the third part through the fire, and will 34. John also was baptizing in Ænon, near refine them as silver is refined, and will try to Salem, because there was much water them as gold is tried. Zec. xiii. 9. But who there; and they came and were baptized; may abide the day of his coming ? and who for John was not yet cast into prison. I am shall stand when he appeareth? For he is not the Christ (said John), but I am sent like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap. before him; he that cometh from above is And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of above all ; he that is of the earth is earthly, silver; and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and speaketh of the earth ; he that cometh and purge them as gold and silver, that they from heaven is above all ; he whom God hath may offer unto the Lord an offering in rightesent speaketh the words of God, for God giveth ousness: then shall the offering of Judah and not the Spirit by measure unto him. The Father Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord, as in the loveth the Son, and hath given all things days of old, as in former years. Mal. iii. 2, 3, into his hand. He that believeth on the Son 4. I indeed have baptized you with water: hath everlasting life, and he that believeth not but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost the Son shall not see life ; but the wrath of Mar. i. 8. John answered, saying unto them God abideth on him. John üi. 23-36. all, I indeed baptize you with water ; but one

Whose shoes I am not worthy.] There cometh mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose one mightier than I after me, the latchet of shoes I am not worthy to unloose : he shall whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with unloose. Mar. i. 7. And when "he" ("Jesus”) fire. Lu. iii. 16. And I (John) knew him not: was now not far from the house, the centurion but he that sent me to baptize with water, sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt trouble not thyself, for I am not worthy that see the Spirit descending and remaining on thou shouldest enter under my roof: where- him, the same is he which baptizeth with the

neither thought I myself worthy to come Holy Ghost. John i. 33. For John truly

Holy Ghost, and with fire: Whose fan is in his hand, and he will 12 throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. Then 13

baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. with the Holy Ghost not many days hence. Mat. xiii. 41. 49, 50. Every branch in me Ac. i. 5. And suddenly there came a sound that beareth not fruit he taketh away; and from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it it filled all the house where they were sitting that it may bring forth more fruit

. John xv. 2. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues And gather his wheat.] Let both grow like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. together until the harvest ; and in the time of And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye and began to speak with other tongues, as the together first the tares, and bind them in Spirit gave them utterance. Ac. ii. 2, 3, 4. bundles to burn them; but gather the wheat And as I (Peter) began to speak, the Holy into my barn. Then shall the righteous shine Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. forth as the sun in the kingdom of their FaThen remembered I the word of the Lord, ther. Mat. xiii. 30. 43. Lo (saith God), I how that he said, John indeed baptized with will command, and I will sift the house of water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Israel among all nations ; like as corn is sifted Ghost. Ac. xi. 15, 16. For by one Spirit in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon are we all baptized into one body, whether the earth. Am. ix. 9. See chap. xiii. 30. we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond But he will burn up the chaff.) “ They" (" the or free ; and have been all made to drink into wicked") are as stubble before the wind, and one Spirit. 1 Co. xii. 13. For as many of as chaff that the storm carrieth away. Job you as have been baptized into Christ have xxi. 18. The ungodly are like the chaff put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor which the wind driveth away. Ps. i. 4. Let Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is "them” (the enemies of the Lord') be as neither male nor female : for ye are all one in chaff before the wind, and let the angel of the Christ Jesus. Ga. iii. 27, 28.

Lord chase them. Ps. xxxv. 5. As the fire 12 Fan is in his hand, &c.] The oxen and devoureth the stubble, and the flame conthe young asses that ear the ground shall eat sumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as clean provender, which hath been winnowed rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as with the shovel and with the fan. Is. xxx. the dust, because they have cast away the 24. Thou (Jacob) shalt fan them (the moun. law of the Lord, and despised the word of the tains), and the wind shall carry them away, holy One of Israel. Is. v. 24. The nations and the whirlwind shall scatter them, and thou shall rush like the rushing of many waters, shalt rejoice in the Lord, and shalt glory in but God shall rebuke them, and they shall the holy One of Israel. Is. xli. 16. At that flee far off, and shall be chased as chaff of the time shall it be said to this people, and to mountains before the wind, and like a rolling Jerusalem, A dry wind of the high places in thing before the whirlwind. Is. xvii. 13. the wilderness, toward the daughter of my Therefore (because Ephraim offended in Baal) people, not to fan nor to cleanse : even a full they shall be as the morning cloud, and as wind from those places shall come unto me. the early dew that passeth away; as the chaff Je. iv. 11, 12. i will fan “them” (the that is driven with the whirlwind out of the Jews," saith God) with a fan in the gates of floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney. the land; I will bereave them of children. I Ho. xiij. 3. All the proud, yea, and all that will destroy my people, since they return not do wickedly shall be as stubble. Mal. iv. I. from their ways. Je. xv. 7. And I will send See verse 12. “ Fan is in his hand," and chap. unto Babylon fanners that shall fan her, and xxi. 41. shall empty her land; for in the day of trouble With unquenchable fire.] The strong shall they shall be against her round about. Je. li. be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and 2. Whose (Christ's) fan is in his hand, and they shall both burn together, and none shall he will throughly purge his floor, and will quench them. Is. i. 31. Who among us shall gather the wheat into his garner, but the dwell with the devouring fire? who among us chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. shall dwell with everlasting burnings? Is. Lu. iii. 17.

xxxiii. 14. And “they" ("the believing Jews He will throughly purge his floor.] See and Gentiles”) shall go forth, and look upon verse 10. and com. The Son of man shall the carcases of the men that have transgressed send forth his angels, and they shall gather against me; for their worm shall not die, out of his kingdom all things that offend, and neither shall their fire be quenched ; and they them which do iniquity. So shall it be at the shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. Is. Ixvi. end of the world : the angels shall come forth, 24. Behold, mine anger and my fury shall and sever the wicked from among the just; be poured out (saith God) upon this place and shall cast them into the furnace of fire, (Jerusalem), upon man, and upon beast, and

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