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forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or

wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an 30 hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life. But many that

are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.


1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an house

the east three gates ; on the north three gates ; 30 Many that are first, &c.] See chap on the south three gates ; and on the west viii. 11, 12. So the last shall be first, and three gates. And the wall of the city had the first last; for many be called, but few twelve foundations, and in them the names chosen. Mat, XX. 16. The Publicans and of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. Re. xxi, the harlots go into the kingdom of God before 12-14. In the midst of the street of "it" 'you" (" Scribes and Pharisees"); for John (the New Jerusalem"), and on either side came unto you in the way of righteousness, of the river (of water of life) was there the and ye believed him not; but the Publicans tree of life, which bare twelve manner of and harlots believed him. Mat. xxi. 31, 32. fruits, and yielded her fruit every month; Many that are first shall be last, and the last and the leaves of the tree were for the first. Mar. x. 31. All the people that heard healing of the nations. Re. xxii. 2.

him(Jesus”), and the Publicans, justified 29 Every one that hath forsaken, &c.] See God, being baptized with the baptism of John; chap. xvi. 25. There is no man that hath left but the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or counsel of God against themselves, being not mother, or wife, or children, or lands for my baptized of him. Lu. vii. 29, 30. Behold, sake, and the Gospel's, but he shall receive there are last which shall be first, and there an hundredfold now in this time, houses are first which shall be last. Libxii. 30. and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and The Publican (in the parable), standing afar children, and lands, with persecutions, and in off, would not lift up so much as his eyes the world to come eternal life. Mar. x. 29, unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, 30. There is no man that hath left house, or saying, God be merciful to me a sinner. I parents, or brethren, or wife, or children for tell you this man went down to his house the kingdom of God's sake ; who shall not re- justified rather than the other; for every one ceive manifold more, in this present time, and in that exalteth himself shall be abased, and he the world to come life everlasting. Ly. xviii. that humbleth himself shall be exalted. Like 29, 30. Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, xviii. 13, 14. Moreover, the law entered neither have entered into the heart of man, that the offence might abound; but where the things which God hath prepared for them sin abounded, grace did much more abound, that love him. 1 Co. ii. 9.

that as sin reigned unto death, even so might Or brethren, &c.] See chap. viii. 21, 22; grace reign through righteousness, unto eternal X. 37, 38, and com. Henceforth know we no life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. Ro. v. 20, 21. man after the flesh; yea, though we have What shall we say then? That the Gentiles known Christ after the flesh, yet now hence, which followed not after righteousness, have forth know we him no more. 2 Co. y. 16. attained to righteousness, even the righteous.

My name's sake.] See chap. v. 11. If ye ness which is of faith? But Israel which were of the world, the world would love his followed after the law of righteousness, hath own; but because ye are not of the world, not attained to the law of righteousness. but I have chosen you out of the world, there. Wherefore, because they sought it not by fore the world hateth you. John xv. 19. If faith, but as it were by the works of the laws ye be reproached for the name of Christ, for they stumbled at that stumbling-stone. As happy are ye; for the Spirit of glory and of it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumbling God resteth upon you : on their part he is stone and rock of offence; and whosoever evil spoken of, but on your part he is glori- believeth on him shall not be ashamed. Ra fied. I Pe. iv. 14. For his (Christ's) name's ix. 30–33. Ye did run well; who did hinder sake they (the brethren) went forth, taking you that ye should not obey the truth? Ge. nothing of the Gentiles. 3 John 7.

v. 7. Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise An hundredfold.] See chap. xiii. 8. 23. being left us of entering into his rest, any of

Inherit everlasting life.] See verse 16. Come, you should seem to come short of it. ye blessed of my Father (skall the King say unto them on his right hand), inherit the CHAP. XX.-1 The kingdom of heaven, &c) kingdom prepared for you from the founda- See chap. iii. 2; xiii. 24. 31. 34. 44. 45. 47. țion of the world. Mat. xxv. 34.

A man that is an householder.) See chap

holder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the labourers 2 for a penny a-day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went 3

ix. 37, 38. There was a certain householder, kindness charity. For if these things be in which planted a vineyard, and hedged it you, and abound, they make you that ye shall round about, and digged a wine-press in it, neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowand built a tower, and let it out to husband. ledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But he that men, and went into a far country. Mat. xxi. lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see 33. Solomon had a vineyard at Baal-hamon; afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged he let out the vineyard unto keepers; every from his old sins; wherefore the rather, breone for the fruit thereof was to bring a thren, give diligence to make your calling thousand pieces of silver. My vineyard, which and election sure; for if ye do these things, is mine, is before me: thou, O Solomon, ye shall never fall. 2 Pe. i. 5–10. must have a thousand, and those that keep He had agreed with the labourers.] See the fruit thereof two hundred. Can. viii. 11, verse 13. If ye will obey my voice indeed, 12. Now will I sing to my well beloved a song and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a of my beloved touching his vineyard. My iar treasure unto me above all people ; wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful for all the earth is mine ; and ye shall be unto hill; and he fenced it, and gathered out the me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest Er. xix. 5, 6. Go thou near (said Moses, using vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, the words of the people's request), and hear and also made a winepress therein ; and he all that the Lord our God shall say, and speak looked that it should bring forth grapes, and thou (Moses) unto us all that the Lord our it brought forth wild grapes. Is. v. 1, 2. I God shall speak unto thee, and we (the am the true vine (said Jesus), and my Father Israelites) will hear it and do it. And the is the husbandman. John xv. 1.

Lord heard the voice of your words (said Early in the morning.] 0 Jerusalem, Jerú- Moses) when yė spake (thus) unto me ; and salem, thou that killest the prophets, and the Lord said unto me, I have heard the stonest them which are sent unto thee, how voice of the words of this people, which they often would I have gathered thy children have spoken unto thee; they have well said together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens all that they have spoken. Oh that there under her wings, and ye would not. Mat. were such an heart in them, that they would xxiii. 37. See The word of the Lord fear me, and keep all my commandments hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto always, that it might be well with them, and you, rising early and speaking ; but ye have with their children for ever. Go, say to not hearkened ; and the Lord hath sent unto them, Get you into your tents again. De. v. you all his servants the prophets, rising early 27—30. and sending them ; but ye have not hearkened, A penny a day.] See chap. xviii. 28. Shew nor inclined your ear to hear. They said, me the tribute money. And they brought him Turn ye again now every one from his evil a penny. Mat. xxii. 19. On the morrow way, and from the evil of your doings, and when he (the Samaritan who relieved him that dwell in the land that the Lord hath given fell among thieves) departed (from the inn) unto you, and to your fathers for ever and he took out two pence, and gave them to ever. Je. xxv. 3-5.

the host, and said unto him, Take care of Labourers into his vineyard.] The Son of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, man is as a man taking a far journey, who left when I come again I will repay thee. Lu. his house, and gave authority to his servants, x. 35. And I heard a voice in the midst of ind to every man his work, and commanded the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for he porter to watch. Mar. xiii. 34. There- a penny, and three measures of barley for a fore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the inmoveable, always abounding in the work wine. Re. vi. 6. of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your He sent them into his vineyard.] Samuel abour is not in vain in the Lord. 1 Co. xv. ministered before the Lord, being a child, 18. Now the God of peace make you perfect girded with a linen ephod; and the child n every good work, to do his will, working Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with n you that which is well pleasing in his sight, the Lord, and also with men. 1 Sa. ii. 18. hrough Jesus Christ, to whom be glory for 26. And the child Samuel ministered unto ver and ever, Amen. He. xiii. 21. And the Lord before Eli, and the word of the esides this, giving diligence, add to your Lord was precious in those days: there was no Lith virtue; and to virtue knowledge ; and open vision ; the Lord revealed himself to > knowledge temperance; and to temperance Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the Lord. atience ; and to patience godliness; and to 1 Sa. iii. I. 21. And Samuel said unto Jesse, odliness brotherly-kindness; and to brotherly Are here all thy children? And he said, out about the third hỏur, and saw others standing idle in the 4 market-place, And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, There remaineth yet the youngest, and behold Peter on the day of Pentecost), seeing it is but he keepeth the sheep; and Samuel said unto the third hour of the day. Ac. ii. 15. Jesse, Send and fetch bim, for we will not sit Standing idle in the market-place.] See down till he come hither. And he sent and verse vi. 7; chap. xi. 16, 17. Slothfulness brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and casteth into a deep sleep, and an idle soul shall withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly suffer hunger. Pr. xix. 15. Behold, this to look to. And the Lord said, Arise, anoint was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom (said the him, for this is he. 1 Sa. xvi. 11, 12. And Lord to Jerusalem), Pride, fulness of bread, Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy and abundance of idleness, was in her and in servant David my father great mercy, ac- her daughters; neither did she strengthen the cording as he walked before thee in truth, hand of the poor and needy. Ez. xvi. 49. and in righteousness, and in uprightness of Therefore (as he Paul saw the city of Athens heart with thee, and thou hast kept for him wholly given up to idolatry), disputed he in this great kindness, that thou hast given him the synagogue with the Jews, and with the à son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. devout persons, and in the market daily, with And now, O Lord my God, thou hast made thy them that met with him. Then certain philoservant king instead of David my father : and sophers of the Epicureans and of the Stoicks I am but a little child; I know not how to go encountered him; and some said, What will out or come in. And thy servant is in the this babbler say? other some, He seemeth midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, to be a setter forth of strange gods: because a great people, that cannot be numbered nor he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurcounted for multitude. Give therefore thy ser- rection. And they took him and brought him vant an understanding heart to judge thy unto Areopagus, saying, May we know what people, that I may discern between good and this new doctrine, whereof thou speakest, is! bad; for who is able to judge this thy so great for thou bringest certain strange things to a people? And the speech pleased the Lord, our ears : we would know therefore what that Solomon had asked this thing. And God these things mean? (for all the Athenians said unto him, Because thou hast asked this and strangers wbich were there, spent their thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; time in nothing else, but either to tell or to neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast hear some new thing.) Ac. xvii. 17–20. asked the life of thine enemies; but hast And withal they (the young widotos) learn to asked for thyself understanding to discern be idle, wandering about from house to house; judgment; behold, I have done according to and not only idle, but tatlers also, and busythy words. 1 Ki. iii. 6–11. It shall come to bodies, speaking things which they ought not pass (said Obadiah to Elijah) as soon as I am 1 Ti. v. 13. We desire that ye be not slothgone from thee, that the Spirit of the Lord ful, but followers of them, who through faith shall carry thee whither I know not, and so and patience inherit the promises. He. vi. 12. when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot 4 Go ye also into the vineyard.] See chap find thee, he shall slay me. But I thy ser- ix. 9. By what authority doest thou these vant fear the Lord from my youth. 1 Ki. things? (said the chief priests to Jeste) xviii. 12. In the eighth year of his (Josiah's) and who gave thee this authority! And reign, while he was yet young, he began to Jesus answered and said unto them, I also seek after the God of David his father; and in will ask you one thing ? * The baptism of the twelfth year he began to purge Judah John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men ! and Jerusalem from the high places, and the And they answered Jesus, and said, We can groves, and the carved images, and the molten not tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell images. 2 Ch. xxxiv. 3. Remember now thy I you by what authority I do these things. Creator in the days of thy youth ; while the But what think ye? A certain man had two evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, sons, and he came to the first, and said, Son when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in go, work to-day in my vineyard. He anthem. Ec. xii. 1. He (John) shall be great swered and said, I will not ; but afterward in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink he repented and went. And he came to the neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall second, and said likewise. And he answered be filled with the Holy Ghost even from his and said, I go, sir, and went not. Whether of mother's womb. Lu. i. 15. From a child them twain did the will of his father! They " thou" (" Timothy") hast known the Holy say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise them, Verily I say unto you, that the Public unto salvation, through faith which is in cans and the harlots go into the kingdon of Christ Jesus. 2 Ti. iii. 15.

God before you. Mat. xxi. 23-27.31. When 3 The third hour.) And it was the third they (the Jews) saw it (that Zaccheus received hour, and they crucified him. Mar. xv. 25. Jesus) they all murmured, saying, That he These are not drunken, as ye suppose (said was gone to be guest with a man that was a

and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way. Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did like- 5

sinner. And Zaccheus stood and said unto the And whatsoever is right I will give you.] Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give Masters, give unto your servants that which is to the poor ; and if I have taken any thing just and equal, knowing that ye also have a from any man by false accusation, I restore Master in heaven. Col. iv. 1. him fourfold. And Jesus said unto him, This 5 Sixth and ninth hour.] From the sixth day is salvation come to this house, foras- hour there was darkness over all the land much as he also is a son of Abraham ; for the unto the ninth hour. Mat. xxvii. 45. When Son of man is come to seek and to save that the sixth hour was come, there was darkness which was lost. Lu. xix. 7–10. Know ye over the whole land until the ninth hour, not that to whom ye yield yourselves servants And at the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama, sabachwhether of sin unto death, or of obedience thani ? which is, being interpreted, My God, unto righteousness. But God be thanked, that my God, why hast thou forsaken me ? Mar. ye were the servants of sin, but ye have xv. 33, 34. It was about the sixth hour, and obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine there was darkness over all the earth until the which was delivered you. Being then made ninth bour; and the sun was darkened, and free from sin, ye became the servants of the vail of the temple was rent in the midst. righteousness. I speak after the manner of And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, men, because of the infirmity of your flesh, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend for as ye have yielded your members servants my spirit; and having said thus, he gave up to uncleanness, and to iniquity unto iniquity; the ghost. Lu. xxiii. 44, 45, 46. They (two even so now yield your members servants to of John's disciples) came and saw where he righteousness unto holiness. For when ye were dwelt, and abode with him that day, for it the servants of sin, ye were free from righte- was about the tenth hour. John i. 39. Jesus ousness. What fruit had ye then in those being wearied with his journey, sat thus on things whereof ye are now ashamed? For “the well” (“Jacob's well"), and it was the end of those things is death. But now about the sixth hour. John iv. 6. Are there being made free from sin, and become servants not twelve hours in the day? If any man to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and walk in the day, he stumbleth, because there the end everlasting life. Ro. vi. 16-22. is no light in him. John xi. 9. Now Peter Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not and John went up into the temple at the hour inherit the kingdom of God. And such were of prayer, being the ninth hour, Ae. iii. 1. some of you ; but ye are washed, but ye are “ He” (“ Cornelius," the centurion) saw in a sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of vision evidently, about the ninth hour of the the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. day, an angel of God coming in to him, &c. 1 Co. vi. 11. I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, Ac. x. 3. Peter went up upon the house-top who hath enabled me, for that he counted me to pray about the sixth hour. Ac. X. 9. faithful, putting me into the ministry, who And did likewise.] Now the Lord had said was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country and and injurious; but I obtained mercy, because from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, I did it ignorantly in unbelief. Ti. i. 12, 13. unto a land that I will shew thee; and I will This is a faithful saying, and these things I make of thee a great nation, and I will bless will that thou affirm constantly, that they thee, and make thy name great, and thou, which have believed in God might be careful shalt be a blessing; and I will bless them to maintain good works; these things are that bless thee, and curse him that curseth good and profitable unto men. Tit. ii. 8. thee, and in thee shall all families of the earth. Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be be blessed. So Abram departed, as the Lord sober, and hope to the end ; for the grace that had spoken unto him. And Lot went with is to be brought unto you at the revelation of him : and Abram was seventy and five years Jesus Christ. 1 Pe. i. 13. Forasmuch then old when he departed out of Haran. Ge. xii, as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, 1-4. And Joshua said to all the people, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Your for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood, in ceased from sin, that he no longer should live old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of and the father of Nahor, and they served men, but to the will of God. For the time other gods. And I took your father Abraham past of our life may suffice us to have wrought from the other side of the flood, and led him the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in throughout all the land of Canaan, and multilasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, plied his seed, and gave him Isaac. Jas. xxiv. banquetings, and abominable idolatries. i 2, 3. When he (Manasseh) was in affliction, Pe. iv, 1, 2, 3.

he besought the Lord his God, and humbled


6 wise. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others

standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day 7 idle? They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He

saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is

himself greatly before the God of his fathers, written, How beautiful are the feet of them and prayed unto him, and he was entreated that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring of him, and heard his supplication, and glad tidings of good things? But they have brought him again to Jerusalem, into his not all obeyed the Gospel; for Esaias saith, kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Lord! who hath believed our report? 80 Lord he was God. Now after this he built a then faith cometh by hearing; and hearing wall without the city of David. And he took by the word of God. Ro. x. 14–17. Now away the strange gods and the idol out of the to him that is of power to stablish you, achouse of the Lord, and all the altars that he cording to my Gospel, and the preaching of had built. And he repaired the altar of the Jesus Christ (according to the revelation of Lord, and sacrificed thereon peace-offerings the mystery, which was kept secret since the and thank-offerings, and commanded Judah world began), to God only wise, be glory to serve the Lord God of Israel. 2 Ch. xxxiii. through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. Re. 12--16. By faith Moses, when he was come xvi. 25. 27. Wherefore remember, that ye, to years, refused to be called the son of Pha- being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who raoh's daughter, choosing rather to suffer are called uncircumcision, by that which is affliction with the people of God, than to called the circumcision in the flesh made by enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season ; es- hands, that at that time ye were without Christi teeming the reproach of Christ greater riches being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, than the treasures in Egypt; for he had and strangers from the covenants of promise, respect unto the recompence of the reward. having no hope, and without God in the He. xi. 24, 25, 26.

world. Ep. ii. 11, 12. I wrote afore in few 6 The eleventh hour.] Whatsoever thy words, whereby, when ye read, ye may underhand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for stand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ, there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, which, in other ages, was not made known nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest. unto the sons of men, as it is now revealed Ec. ix. 10. Dost not thou fear God (said one unto his holy apostles and prophets, by the of the malefactors to the other), seeing thou art Spirit. Ep. iii. 4, 5. Be not moved away in the same condemnation ? And we indeed from the hope of the Gospel ; even the mysjustly, for we receive the due reward of our tery which hath been hid from ages and from deeds; but this man hath done nothing amiss. generations, but now is made manifest to his And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me saints. Col. i. 26. when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Go ye also into the vineyard.] Go ye into Jesús said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, the highways, and as many as ye shall find, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. bid to the marriage. So those servants went Lu. xxiii. 40-43. I must work the works out into the highways, and gathered together of him that sent me (said Jesus) while it is all, as many as they found, both bad and good; day: the night cometh, when no man can and the wedding was furnished with guests work. John ix.

Mat. xxii. 9, 10. Whatsoever thy hand findWhy stand ye here all the day idle ?] See eth to do, do it with thy might; for there is verse 3.

no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor 7 Because no man hath hired us.] Ye wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goesta should turn from these vanities (said Barnabas Ec. ix. 10. That servant (who was sent of and Paul to the people of Lystra) unto the supper-time to invite the guests) came and living God; who, in times past, suffered all shewed his lord these things (their different nations to walk in their own ways. And the excuses). Then the master of the house being times of this ignorance God winked at; but now angry, said to his servant, Go out quickly commandeth all men every where to repent. into the streets and lanes of the city, and Ac. xiv. 16. Because he hath appointed a day bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and in the which he will judge the world in righte- the halt, and the blind. And the servant ousness by that man whom he hath ordained, said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, whereof he hath given assurance unto all and yet there is room. And the Lord said men, in that he hath raised him from the unto the servant, Go out into the highways dead. Ae. xvii. 30, 31. How then shall they and hedges, and compel them to come in, that call on him, in whom they have not believed? my house may be filled. Lu. xiv. 21, 22, 232 And how shall they believe in him, of whom I 'must work the work of him that sent tne they have not heard? And how shall they said Jesus) while it is day; the night cometh hear without a preacher? And how shall when no man can work. John ix. 4. they preach, except they be sent? As it is And whatsoever is right, &c.] Whatsoever

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