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saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the 4 way of the Lord, make his paths straight. And the same John

had his raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about bis

which a man took and sowed in his field. translated us into the kingdom of his dear Another parable spake he unto them, The Son. Col. i. 13. kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which 3 By the prophet Esaias.] The voice of a woman took and hid in three measures of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye meal till the whole was leavened. Again, the the way of the Lord, make straight in the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid desert a highway for our God. Is. xl. 3. in a field; the which when a man hath found, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his selleth all that he hath and buyeth that field. paths straight. Mar. i. 3. He (John) came Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a into all the country about Jordan, preaching merchant man seeking goodly pearls. Again, the baptism of repentance for the remission the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net that of sins; as it is written in the book of the was cast into the sea, and gathered of every words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The kind. Then said he unto them, Therefore voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare every Scribe which is instructed unto the ye the way of the Lord, make his paths kingdom of heaven, is like unto a man that is straight. Every valley shall be filled, and an householder, which bringeth forth out of every mountain and hill shall be brought low; his treasure things new and old. Mat. xiii. and the crooked shall be made straight, and 11. 24. 31. 33. 44. 45. 47. 52. At the same the rough ways shall be made smooth. And time, the disciples came unto Jesus, saying, all flesh shall see the salvation of God. Lith Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? iii. 3—6. He (John) said, I am the voice of Whosoever shall humble himself as this little one crying in the wilderness, Make straight child (whom Jesus had set in the midst of them), the way of the Lord, as said the prophet the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven. Esaias. John i. 23. Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened Prepare ye the way of the Lord.] Cast ye unto a certain king who would take account up, cast ye up; prepare the way, take up the of his servants. Mat. xviii. 1-4. 23. The stumbling-block out of the way: for thus saith kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is the high and lofty One that inbabiteth eter. an householder, which went out early in the nity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. high and holy place, with him also that is of Mat. xx. 1. The kingdom of heaven is like a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the unto a certain king which made a marriage spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart for his son. Mat. xxii. 2. Woe unto you, of the contrite ones. Is. lvii. 14, 15. Behold, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye shut I will send my messenger, and he shall preup the kingdom of heaven against men; for pare the way before me; and the Lord whom ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye ye seek shall suddenly come to his temple, them that are entering to go in. Mat. xxiii. even the Messenger of the Covenant whom ye 13. The kingdom of heaven is as a man tra- delight in; behold, he shall come saith the velling into a far country, who called his own Lord of hosts. Mal. iii. 1. “ He" (" John") servants, and delivered unto them his goods. shall go before him (Jesus), in the spirit and Mat. xxv. - 14. In the days of these kings power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fashall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, thers to the children, and the disobedient to which shall never be destroyed; and the king- the wisdom of the just; to make ready a dom shall not be left to other people, but it people prepared for the Lord. And thou, shall break in pieces, and consume all these child (said Zacharias to John), shalt be called kingdoms; and it shall stand for ever. Da. the prophet of the Highest; for thou shalt go ii. 44. Blessed be ye poor (said Jesus), for before the face of the Lord, to prepare his your's is the kingdom of God. Lu. vi. 20. ways. Lu. i. 17. 76. He (Jesus) sent them (his twelve disciples) to 4 His raiment.) What went ye out for to preach the kingdom of God. Lu. ix. 2. Heal see? (said Jesus to the multitudes,) a reed the sick (said Jesus to his seventy disciples), shaken with the wind ? But what went ye and say unto them, The kingdom of God is out for to see? a man clothed in soft raiment? come nigh unto you. Lu. x. 9. 1). Except Behold, they that wear soft clothing are in a man be born again, he cannot see the king- kings' houses. Mat. xi. 7, 8. And he (Aha. dom of God. Except a man be born of water ziah) said unto them (his messengers, whom and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the he had sent to enquire of Baal-zebub, the god kingdom of God. John iii. 3. 5. We (Paul of Ekron), What manner of man was he which and Timotheus) give thanks to God; giving came up to meet you, and told you these thanks unto the Father, who hath delivered words ?' (Is it not because there is not a god us from the power of darkness, and hath in Israel that thou sendest to enquire of Baal

loins; and his meat was locusts and wild honey. Then went out 5 to him Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the region round about Jordan, And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their 6

zebub ?) And they answered him, He was unto“ him” (John") all the land of Judea, and an hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. the Tishbite. 2 Ki. i. 7, 8. It shall come to Mar. i.5. Then said "he" (" John") to the mulpass on that day (on the extirpation of false titude that came forth to be baptized of him, prophecy) that the prophets shall be ashamed O generation of vipers, who hath warned you every one of his vision, when he hath pro- to flee from the wrath to come? Lu. iii. 7. phesied ; neither shall they wear a rough gar- The law and the prophets were until John; ment to deceive. Zec. xiii. 4. Behold, I will since that time the kingdom of God is send you Elijah the prophet before the com- preached, and every man presseth into it. ing of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. Lu. xvi. 16. And John was baptizing in Mal. iv. 5. And John was clothed with Enon, near to Salem, because there was much camel's hair, and with a girdle of a skin water there ; and they came and were bapabout his loins; and he did eat locusts and tized. John iji. 23. He was a burning and wild honey. Mar. i. 6. And “he” (“ John") a shining light (said Jesus of John), and ye shall go before "him” (“ Jesus”) in the spirit were willing for a season to rejoice in his and power of Elias. Lu. i. 17. I will give light. John v. 35. power unto my two witnesses, and they shall 6 Were baptized.] See verse 11. 13. 16. prophesy, a thousand two hundred and three- Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, score days, clothed in sackcloth. Re. xi. 3. and ye shall be clean. From all your filthi

And his meat was locusts, &c.] John came ness, and from all your idols will I cleanse neither eating or drinking (said Jesus to the you.

Ez. xxxvi. 25. I indeed baptize you multitudes), and they say, He hath a devil. with water (said John), but he (that cometh Mat. xi. 18. Even these of "them" (" the after me) shall baptize you with the Holy Aying creeping things) ye may eat; the locust Ghost. And it came to pass in those days, after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and the grasshopper after his kind. Le. xi. and was baptized of John in Jordan. Mar. i. 22.

8, 9. John answered, saying unto them all, Wild honey.) He (the Lord) found him I indeed baptize you with water, but one (Jacob) in a desert; he made him ride on the mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose high places of the earth, that he might eat shoes I am not worthy to unloose. He shall the increase of his fields ; and he made him baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of fire. Li. iii. 16. And “they” (the Pharithe flinty rock. De. xxxii. 13. And all they sees") asked him and said unto him, Why of the land came to a wood, and there was baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, honey upon the ground. And when the nor Elias, neither that prophet? John anpeople came into the wood, behold, the honey swered them saying, I baptize with water, but dropped ; but no man put his hand to his there standeth one among you whom ye know mouth, for the people feared the oath (for not, &c. These things were done in BethSaul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be abara beyond Jordan, where John was bapthe man that eateth any food until evening). tizing; that he (Jesus) should be made maniBut Jonathan heard not when his father fest to Israel, therefore am I (John) come, charged the people with the oath ; wherefore baptizing with water; and John bare record, he put forth the end of the rod that was in saying, I saw the Spirit descending from his hand, and dipped it into an honeycomb, heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him; and put his hand to his mouth, and his eyes and I knew him not.

But he that sent me to were enlightened. 1 Sa. xiv. 25, 26, 27. baptize with water, the same said unto me,

5 Went out to him.] And there followed Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descendhim great multitudes of people from Galilee, ing and remaining on him, the same is he and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. John from Judea, and from beyond Jordan. Mat. i. 25-28. 31-33. John also was baptizing iv. 25. Jesus began to say unto the multi- in Enon near to Salem; and they came and tudes concerning John, What went ye out were baptized; for John was not yet cast into the wilderness to see ? a reed shaken with into prison. Then there arose a question bethe wind? But what went ye out for to see? tween some of John's disciples and the Jews a prophet? Yea, I say unto you, and more about purifying. John iii. 23—25. John than a prophet. For this is he of whom it is truly baptized with water, but “ written, Behold, I send my messenger before “apostles) shall be baptized with the Holy thy face, which shall prepare thy way before Ghost not many days hence. Ar. i. 5.

Rethee. Mat. xi. 7-10. And there went out pent and be baptized every one of you (said VOL. II.


ye" (the

7 sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees


Peter on the day of Pentecost) in the name of of their fathers, with their trespass which they Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye trespassed against me; and that also they shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. hive walked contrary unto me, then will I Then they that gladly received his word were (the Lord) remember my covenant with Jacob. baptized, and the same day there were added Le. xxvi. 40, &c. Then they shall confess unto them about three thousand souls. Ac. ij. their sins which they have done (a trespass 38. 41. That word which God sent unto the against the Lord), and he (trespassing) shall children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus recompense his trespass with the principal Christ: (he is Lord of all:) that word I say, thereof, and add unto it the fifth part thereof, ye know, which was published throughout all and give it unto him against whom he hath Judea, and began from Galilee, after the bap- trespassed. No. v. 7. And Joshua said unto tism which John preached, how God anointed Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and the Lord God of Israel, and make confession with power; who went about doing good and unto him; and tell me now what thou hast healing all that were oppressed of the devil, done? hide it not from me. And Achan anfor God was with him. Ac. x. 36–38. Then swered Joshua and said, Indeed I have sinned remembered I (said Peter in his defence before against the Lord God of Israel, and thus and the apostles and brethren, in Judea, for going thus have I done. Jos. vii. 19, 20. He (God) in unto men uncircumcised) the word of the looketh upon men; and if any say, I hare

how that he said, John indeed baptized sinned, and perverted that which was right, with water, but ye shall be baptized with the and it profited me not; he will deliver his Holy Ghost. Ac. xi. 16. Then said Paul soul from going into the pit. Job xxxiii. 27, (to the disciples at Ephesus, who said they were 28. I acknowledge my sin unto thee, and baptized unto John's baptism), John verily mine iniquity have I not hid. I said I will baptized with the baptism of repentance, say- confess my transgressions unto the Lord, and ing unto the people that they should believe thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Ps. on him which should come after him, that is, xxxii. 5. He that covereth his sins shall not on Christ Jesus. When they heard this they prosper ; but whoso confesseth and forsaketh were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. them shall have mercy. Pr. xxviii. 13. I And many that believed came, and confessed, prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my and shewed their deeds. Ac. xix. 4. 5. 18. confession, and said, O Lord, the great and Brethren (said Paul to the Jews) I would not dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy that ye should be ignorant how that all our to them that love him, and to them that keep fathers were under the cloud, and all passed his commandments. Da. ix. 4. And (they) through the sea, and were all baptized unto were all baptized of him in Jordan, confessing Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 1 Co. X. their sins. Mar. i. 5. I will arise (said the 1, 2. (Ye are) buried with “him” (“Jesus) prodigal in the parable) and go to my father, in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned through the faith of the operation of God, who against heaven and before thee, and am no hath raised him from the dead. Col. ii. 12. more worthy to be called thy son; make me Not by works of righteousness which we have as one of thy hired servants. And he arose done, but according to his mercy he saved us and came to his father. But when he was by the washing of regeneration and renewing yet a great way off, his father saw him, and of the Holy Ghost; which he · shed on us had compassion, and ran and fell on his neck, abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour. and kissed him. Lu. xv. 18—20. Repent Tit. iii. 5, 6. Let us go on unto perfection, and be baptized every one of you in the name not laying again the foundation of repentance; of Jesus Christ (said Peter to those assembled of the doctrine of baptism, and of laying on of on the day of Pentecost). Ac. ii. 38. Many hands, &c. He. vi. 1, 2. (The law sacrifices, fc.) that believed came, and confessed, and shewed could not make him that did the service per- their deeds. Ac. xix. 18. And now, why fect; which stood only in meats and drinks tarriest thou ? (said Ananias to Paul.) Arise, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, imposed on them until the time of reformation. calling on the name of the Lord. Ac. xxii. 16. He. ix. 9, 10. See chap. xxviii. 19.

Confess your faults one to another, and pray Confessing their sins.] And Aaron shall one for another, that ye may be healed. Ja. lay both his hands upon the head of the “live v. 16. If we confess our sins, he is faithful goat" (the scape goat"), and confess over and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, us from all unrighteousness. 1 John i. 9. and all their transgressions, and all their sins, 7 The Pharisees, &c.] I say unto you, putting them upon the head of the goat, and that except your righteousness shall exceed shall send him away by the hand of a fit man, the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, into the wilderness. Le, xvi. 21. If they ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity heaven. Mat. v. 20. When the Pharisees

come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers,

heard it (that Jesus healed a man blind and and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank dumb), they said, This fellow doth not cast thee that I am not as other men are, extorout devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the tioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this pubdevils. Mat. xii. 24. Knowest thou (said lican. Lu, xviii. 11. And they wbich were his disciples to Jesus) that the Pharisees were sent (to ask John, Who art thou ?) were of the offended after they heard this saying (not that Pharisees. John i. 24. Then came the officers which goeth into the mouth defileth a man, but of the chief priests and Pharisees, and they that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth said unto them, Why have ye not brought ä man). Mat. xv. 12. 11. Take heed and him? The officers answered, Never man beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of spake like this man. Then answered them the Sadducees. How is it that ye do not the Pharisees, Are ye also deceived? Have understand that I spake it not to you con- any of the rulers, or of the Pharisees believed cerning bread, that ye should beware of the on him? But this people who knoweth not leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees? the law are cursed. John vii. 45-49. Some of Then understood they how that he bade them the Pharisees which were with him”(“ Jesus") not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the heard these words (I am come into this doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. world, that they which see might not see), and Mat. xvi. 6. 11, 12. Then went the Pharisees said unto him, Are we blind? John ix. 40. and took counsel how they might entangle As “they" (" Peter and John”) spake unto him in his talk, saying, Master, Moses said, If the people, the priests, and the captain of a man die having no children, his brother the temple, and the Sadducees came upon shall marry his wife and raise up seed unto them; being grieved that they taught the his brother. But when the Pharisees had people, and preached through Jesus the reheard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, surrection from the dead. And it came to they were gathered together. Mat. xxii. 15. pass, on the morrow, that their rulers and 24. 34. Woe unto you Scribes and Pharisees, elders, and Scribes, &c. were gathered together hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and at Jerusalem, saying, What shall we do to for a pretence make long prayer ; therefore these men? for that indeed a notable miracle ye shall receive the greater damnation. Mat. hath been done by them is manifest to all xxiii. 13, 14. The Pharisees and all the them that dwell in Jerusalem, and we cannot Jews, except they wash their hands oft eat deny it. But that it spread no further among not, holding the tradition of the elders. And the people, let us straitly threaten them, that when they come from the market, except they they speak henceforth to no man in this name. wash they eat not. Then the Pharisees and Ac. iv. 1. 2. 5. 16, 17. There rose up certain Scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, according to the tradition of the elders, but saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, eat bread with unwashen hands ? Mar. vii. and to command them to keep the law of 3. 5. And he charged them, saying, Take Moses. Ac. xv. 5. When Paul perceived heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, that the one part of the council) were Sadand of the leaven of Herod. Mar. viii. 15. ducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out And they sent unto him certain of the Phari- in the council, Men and brethren, I am a sees, and of the Herodians, to catch him in Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee : of the hope his words. Then came unto him the Saddu- and resurrection of the dead I am called in cees, which say there is no resurrection, &c. question. And when he had so said, there Mar. xii. 13. 18. The Pharisees and lawyers arose a dissension between the Pharisees and rejected the counsel of God against themselves, the Sadducees, and the multitude was divided; being not baptized of him. L. vii. 30. for the Sadducees say that there is no resurrecNow do ye Pharisees make clean the outside tion, neither angel, nor spirit; but the Pharisees of the cup and the platter, but your inward confess both. And there arose a great cry, part is full of ravening and wickedness. But and the Scribes that were of the Pharisees' part woe unto you, Pharisees, for ye tithe mint, arose, and strove, saying, We find no evil in and rue, and all manner of herbs, and pass this man: but if a spirit or an angel hath over judgment, and the love of God. These spoken to him, let us not fight against God. ought ye to have done and not to leave the Ac. xxiii. 6–9. My manner of life (said other undone. Woe unto you, Pharisees, for Paul) from my youth know all the Jews; ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues which knew me from the beginning (if they and greetings in the markets. Woe unto you would testify), that after the most straitest Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye are sect of our religion, I lived a Pharisee. Ac. as graves which appear not, and the men that xxvi. 5. See chan, xvi. 6. and xxii. 23. walk over them are not aware of them. Lu. O generation of vipers.] O generation of xi. 39–44. And the Pharisees, who were vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good covetous, heard all these things, and they de- things; for out of the abundance of the heart rided him. Lu. xvi. 14. The Pharisee stood the mouth speaketh. Mat. xii. 34.

Ye ser

8 who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring


pents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye surely die ; and thou givest him not warning, escape the damnation of hell ? Mat. xxiii. 33, nor speakest to warn the wicked from his I will put enmity between thee (the serpent) wicked way, to save his life, the same wicked and the woman, and between thy seed and man shall die in his iniquity; but his blood her seed : it shall bruise thy head, and thou will I require at thine hand. Yet if thou shalt bruise his heel. Ge. iii. 15. The wicked warn the wicked, and he turn not from his are estranged from the womb; they go astray wickedness, nor from his wicked way, he shall as soon as they be born, speaking lies; their die in his iniquity, but thou hast delivered poison is like the poison of a serpent; they thy soul. Again, when a righteous man doth are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear, turn from his righteousness, and commit ini. which will not hearken to the voice of charm- quity, and I lay a stumbling block before him, ers, charming never so wisely, Break their he shall die ; because thou hast not given teeth, O God, in their mouth; break out the him warning, he shall die in his sin, and his great teeth of the young lions, O Lord. Ps. righteousness which he hath done shall not be lviii. 3—6. Draw near hither, ye sons of the remembered ; but his blood will I require at sorceress, the seed of the adulterer, and the thine hand. Nevertheless, if thou warn the whore. Against whom do ye sport your- righteous man, that the righteous sin not, and selves ? Against whom make ye a wide he doth not sin, he shall surely live, because mouth, and draw out the tongue ? Are ye he is warned; also thou hast delivered thy not children of transgression, a seed of false- soul. Ez. iii. 18–21. If when "he" (the hood? Is. lvii. 3, 4. They (the sinful Jews) watchman") seeth the sword come upon the hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's land, he blow the trumpet and warn the web; he that eateth of their eggs dieth, and people; then whosoever heareth the sound of that which is crushed breaketh out into a the trumpet, and taketh not warning; if the viper. Is. lix. 5. O generation of vipers (said sword come and take him away, his blood John to the multitude that came forth to be shall be upon his own head; he heard the baptized of him), who hath warned you to flee sound of the trumpet and took not warning; from the wrath to come ? Bring forth, there- his blood shall be upon him, but he that fore, fruits worthy of repentance. Every tree taketh warning shall deliver his soul. But if which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn the watchman see the sword come and blow down and cast into the fire. Lu. iii. 7-9. not the trumpet, and the people be not warned, Ye are of your father the devil (said Jesus to if the sword come and take any person from the Jews), and the lusts of your father ye will among them, he is taken away in his iniquity, do. He was a murderer from the beginning; but his blood will I require at the watchman's and abode not in the truth, because there is hand. So thou, O son of man, I have set no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he thee a watchman unto the house of Israel ; speaketh of his own; for he is a liar and the therefore thou shalt hear the word at my father of it. John viii. 44. In this the chil- mouth, and warn them from me. Ez. xxxiii. dren of God are manifest, and the children of 3–7. Therefore watch (said Paul to the the devil. Whosoever doeth not righteous- elders of Ephesus), and remember, that by the ness is not of God, neither he that loveth not space of three years I ceased not to warn his brother. 1 John iii. 10. The great dra- every one night and day with tears.

Ac. xx. gon was cast out, that old serpent called the 31. For the wrath of od is revealed from devil and Satan, which deceiveth the whole heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteworld; and he was cast out into the earth, ousness of men, who hold the truth in unand his angels were cast out with him. And righteousness. Ro. i. 18. By faith Noe, I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now being warned of God of things not seen as is come salvation, and strength, and the king- yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the dom of our God, and the power of his Christ; saving of his house. He. xi. 7. for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, Flee from the wrath to come.] Being now which accused them before our God, day and justified by his blood we shall be saved from night. Re. xii. 9, 10.

wrath through him. Ro. v. 9. Ye turned to Who hath warned you?) To whom shall I God from idols to serve the living and true speak and give warning, that they may hear? God; and to wait for his Son from heaven, Behold their ear is uncircumcised, and they whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, cannot hearken; behold, the word of the which delivered us from the wrath to come. Lord is unto them a reproach ; they have no 1 The. i. 10. Who (the enemies of the rightedelight in it. Je. vi. 10. Flee out of the ous) shall be punished with everlasting demidst of Babylon, and deliver every man his struction from the presence of the Lord, and soul; be not cut off in her iniquity; for this from the glory of his power; when he shall is the time of the Lord's vengeance; he will come to be glorified in his saints, and to be render unto her a recompence. Je. li. 6. admired in all them that believe (because our When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt testimony among you was believed) in that

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