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say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; And honour not his father or his 6 mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. Ye hypocrites, well did 7 Esaias prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth nigh unto 8

greater, the gold, or the temple that sancti- house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse fieth the gold? And whosoever shall swear than an infidel. If any man or woman that by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever believeth have widows, let them relieve them sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is that are widows indeed. 1 Ti. v. 3, 4. 8. 16. guilty. Mat. xxiii. 16, 17, 18. The Lord Thus have ye made the commandment, &c.] took me (said Amos) as I followed the flock; It is time for thee, Lord, to work, for they and the Lord said unto me, Go, prophesy have made void thy law. My zeal hath conunto my people Israel. Now, therefore, hear sumed me, because mine enemies have forthou the word of the Lord ; thou sayest, gotten thy words. Ps. cxix. 126. 139. How Prophesy not against Israel, and drop not thy do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the word against the house of Isaac. Therefore, Lord is with us ? Lo, certainly, in vain made thus saith the Lord; Thy wife shall be an he it, the pen of the Scribes is in vain. Je. harlot in the city, and thy sons and thy viii. 8. My people are destroyed for lack daughters shall fall by the sword; and thy of knowledge: because thou hast rejected land shall be divided by line, and thou shalt knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou die in a polluted land. And Israel shall shalt be no priest to me; seeing thou hast surely go into captivity forth of his land. Am. forgotten the law of thy God, I will also vii. 15, 16, 17. Moses said, Honour thy forget thy children. Ho. iv. 6. The priests' father and thy mother; and whoso curseth lips should keep knowledge, and they should father or mother, let him die the death. But seek the law at his mouth; for he is the ye say, If a man shall say to his father or his messenger of the Lord of hosts. But ye are mother, It is corban ; that is to say, a gift, by departed out of the way; ye have caused whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me, many to stumble at the law; ye have corhe shall be free: and ye suffer him no more rupted the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord to do ought for his father or his mother, of hosts. Therefore have I also made you making the word of God of none effect contemptible and base before all the people, through your tradition which ye have de- according as ye have not kept my ways; but livered, and many such like things do ye. have been partial in the law. Mal. ii. 7, 8, Mar. vii. 11, 12, 13. Peter and John an- 9. Ye suffer him no more to do ought for swered and said unto them (to those who fore his father or his mother (said Jesus to the bade their speaking in the name of Christ), Scribes and Pharisees), making the word of Whether it be right in the sight of God to God of none effect through your tradition hearken unto you more than unto God, judge which ye have delivered. Mar. vii. 12, 13. ye. Ac. iv. 19. Peter, and the other apostles, Do we then make void the law through faith? answered and said, We ought to obey God God forbid : yea, we establish the law. Ro. rather than men. Ac. v. 29.

iii. 31. It is a gift.] If it be a beast whereof men 7 Hypocrites.] See chap. vii. 5. bring an offering unto the Lord, all that any Well did Esaias prophesy.] Well hath man giveth of such unto the Lord shall be Esaias prophesied of you, hypocrites, as it is holy. Only the firstling of the beasts which written, This people honoureth me with their should be the Lord's firstling, no man shall lips, but their heart is far from me. Mar. sanctify it: it is the Lord's. Le. xxvii. 9. 26. vii. 6. And when they (to whom Paul It is a snare to the man who devoureth that preached) agreed not among themselves, they which is holy, and after vows to make enquiry. departed after that Paul had spoken one Pr. xx. 25. Ye say, If a man shall say to word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias his father or mother, It is corban; that is to the prophet unto our fathers, saying, Go unto say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, profited by me, he shall be free : and ye suffer and shall not understand ; and seeing ye him no more to do ought for his father or his shall see, and not perceive. For the heart of mother. Mar. vii. 11, 12.

this people is waxed gross, and their ears are 6 Honour not his father, &c.] Honour dull of hearing, and their eyes have they widows that are widows indeed; but if any closed, lest they should see with their eyes, widow have children or nephews, let them and hear with their ears, and understand with learn first to shew piety at home, and to their hearts, and should be converted : and I requite their parents, for that is good and should heal them. Ac. xxviii. 25, 26, 27. acceptable before God. But if any provide not 8 Draweth nigh unto me with their mouth.] for his own, and specially for those of his own Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this

me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their 9 heart is far from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching 10 for doctrines the commandments of men. And he called the

people draw near me with their mouth and by multitude of words: when thou vowest a with their lips do honour me, but have re- vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for ke moved their heart far from me, and their hath no pleasure in fools ; pay that which fear toward me is taught by the precept of thou hast vowed. Better is it that thou men, therefore I will proceed to do a marvel- shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest lous work, &c. Is. xxix. 13. They come vow and not pay. Suffer not thy mouth to unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit cause thy flesh to sin, neither say thou before before thee as my people, and they hear thy the angel that it was an error. Wherefore words, but they will not do them: for with should God be angry at thy voice, and detheir mouth they shew much love, but their stroy the work of thine hands; for in the heart goeth after their covetousness. Ez. multitude of dreams and many words there xxxiii. 31. Jesus saw Nathanael coming to are also divers vanities. But fear thou God. him and saith of him, Behold an Israelite in- Ec. v. 2. 4–7. Bring no more vain obladeed, in whom is no guile! John i. 47. He tions, incense is an abomination unto me. that will love life and see good days, let him The new-moons and sabbaths, the calling of refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that assemblies, I cannot away with ; it is iniquity they speak no guile. 1 Pe. iii. 10.

even the solemn meeting; your new-moons But their heart is far from me.) My son, and your appointed feasts my soul hateth. give me thine heart, and let thine eyes ob- They are a trouble unto me, I am weary to serve my ways. Pr. xxiii. 26. Thou hast bear them. And when ye spread forth your planted “them" ("the wicked"), yea, they hands, I will hide mine eyes from you; yea, have taken root, they grow, yea, they bring when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: forth fruit; thou art near in their mouth, and your hands are full of blood. Is. i. 13, 14, far from their reins. Je. xii. 2. Thou 15. Cry aloud, spare not; lift up thy voice (Simon the sorcerer) hast neither part nor lot like a trumpet, and shew my people their in this matter ; for thy heart is not right in transgression, and the house of Jacob their the sight of God. Ac. viii. 21. Take heed, sins, yet they seek me daily, and delight to brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil know my ways, as a nation that did righteheart of unbelief in departing from the living ousness, and forsook not the ordinance of God. He. iii. 12.

their God ; they ask of me the ordinances 9 In vain they do worship.] Thou shalt of justice; they take delight in approaching not take the name of the Lord thy God in to God. Wherefore have we fasted, say they, vain : for the Lord will not hold him guilt- and thou seest not? Wherefore have we less that taketh his name in vain. Ex. xx. afflicted our soul, and thou takest no know. 7. If ye shall despise my statutes, or if your ledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will not find pleasure, and exact all your labours. Is. do all my commandments, but that ye break lviii. 1, 2, 3. Ye have said, It is vain to my covenant, I also will do this unto you. serve God: and what profit is it that we have I will even appoint over you terror, consump- kept his ordinance, and that we have walked tion, and the burning ague, that shall con- mournfully before the Lord of hosts? Mal. iii. sume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart, 14. In vain do they worship me, teaching and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your for doctrines the commandments of men. enemies shall eat it. And your strength shall Mar. vii. 7. I declare unto you the Gospel be spent in vain, for your land shall not yield by which ye are saved if ye keep in memory her increase, neither shall the trees of the what I preached unto you, unless ye have land yield their fruits. Le. xxvi. 15, 16. 20. believed in vain. 1 Co. xv. 1. 2. Wilt thou Now David had said (as Abigail had come to know, O vain man, that faith without works meet him in order to pacify him), Surely in is dead? Ja. ii. 20. vain have I kept all that this fellow (Nabal) Teaching for doctrines, &c.] What thing hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was soever I command you, observe to do it: thou missed of all that pertained unto him: and he shalt not add thereto nor diminish from it

. hath requited me evil for good. 1 Sa. xxv. De. xii. 32. Every word of God is pure ; he 21. Surely every man walketh in a vain is a shield unto them that put their trust in shew. Ps. xxxix. 6. Verily I have cleansed him. Add thou not unto his words, lest he my heart in vain, and washed mine hands in reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. Pr. innocency. Ps. Ixxiii. 13. Be not rash with xxx. 5, 6. Forasmuch as this people draw thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty near me with their mouth, and with their lips to utter any thing before God; for God is in do honour me, but have removed their heart heaven, and thou upon earth, therefore let far from me, and their fear toward me is taught thy words be few. A fool's voice is known by the precept of men: therefore, behold, I will

multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand: Not that 11 which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which

proceed to do a marvellous work among this at feasts, which devour widows' houses, people. Is. xxix. 13, 14. Let no man beguile and for a shew make long prayers, the you of your reward, in a voluntary humility, same shall receive greater damnation. Lu. and worshipping of angels, intruding into xx. 45, 46, 47. those things which he hath not seen, vainly Hear, and understand.] See chap. xiii. 19. puffed up by his fleshly mind. And not When ye shall see the abomination of desolaholding the Head, from which all the body, tion, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand by joints and bands, having nourishment in the holy place (whoso readeth, let him unministered, and knit together, increaseth with derstand). Mat. xxiv. 15. Go and tell this the increase of God. Wherefore if ye be people said the Lord to Isaiah), Hear ye indead with Christ from the rudiments of the deed, but understand not ; and see ye indeed, world, why, as though living in the world, are but perceive not. Is. vi. 9. Incline your ear, ye subject to ordinances. (Touch not, taste and come unto me; hear, and your soul shall not, handle not, which all are to perish with live : and I will make an everlasting covenant the using,) after the commandments and doc- with you, even the sure mercies of David. Is. trines of men ? Col. ii. 18—22. Neither lv. 3. Then opened “he” (Jesus”) their give heed to fables, and endless genealogies, understanding, that they might understand which minister questions, rather than godly the Scriptures. Lu. xxiv. 45. Wherefore I edifying which is in faith : so do. 1 Ti. i. 4. cease not to give thanks for you, that the Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, That in God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of the latter times some shall depart from the glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doc- and revelation in the knowledge of him. Ep. trines of devils. Speaking lies in hypocrisy, i. 16, 17. We do not cease to pray for you, having their conscience seared with a hot iron. and to desire that ye might be filled with the Forbidding to marry, and commanding to ab- knowledge of his will, in all wisdom and spistain from meats, which God hath created to ritual understanding. Col. i. 9. If any of be received with thanksgiving of them which you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that believe and know the truth. i Ti. iv. 1, 2, 3. giveth to all men liberally and upbraideth not, If thou put the brethren in remembrance of and it shall be given him. Ja. i. 5. See these things thou shalt be a good minister of verse 16. Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of 11 That which goeth into the mouth.] There faith, and of good doctrine, whereunto thou is nothing from without a man, that entering hast attained. But refuse profane and old into him can defile him: but the things which wives' fables, and exercise thyself rather unto come out of him, those are they that defile godliness. 1 Ti. iv. 6, 7. Not giving heed the man. Mar. vii. 15. When the Pharisee to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, (with whom Jesus sat at meat) saw it (that he that turn from the faith. Tit. i. 14. Be not sat down to meat), he marvelled that he had carried about with divers and strange doc- not first washed before dinner. Give alms of trines; for it is a good thing that the heart such things as ye have, and behold, all things be established with grace, not with meats, are clean unto you. Lu, xi. 38. 41. I have which have not profited them that have been never eaten any thing (said Peter to the Lord) occupied therein. He. xiii. 9. I testify unto that is common or unclean. Ac. x. 14. And every man that heareth the words of the pro- the voice spake unto him again the second phecy of this book; if any man shall add unto time, What God hath cleansed, that call not these things, God shall add unto him the thou common. Ac. x. 15. See chap. xi. 8, 9. plagues that are written in this book. Re. I know and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, xxii. 18.

that there is nothing unclean of itself; but to 10 Called the multitude.] Micaiah (the him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, prophet) said, If thou (Ahab) return at all in to him it is unclean. The kingdom of God is peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me: and not meat and drink, but righteousness, and he said, Hearken, O my people, every one of peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. For meat, you. í Ki. xxii. 28. And when he (Jesus) destroy not the work of God: all things inhad called all the people unto him, he said unto deed are pure. But is evil for that man them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and who eateth with offence. Ro. xiv. 14. 17. 20. understand. If any man have ears to hear, Every creature of God is good, and nothing let him ear.

Mar. vii. 14. 16. Then, in the to be refused, if it be received with thanksaudience of all the people, he said unto his giving. For it is sanctified by the word of disciples, Beware of the Scribes, which de- God, and prayer. 1 Ti. iv. 4, 5. Unto the sire to walk in long robes, and love greet- pure all things are pure ; but unto them that ings in the markets, and the highest seats are defiled, and unbelieving, is nothing pure ; in the synagogues, and the chief rooms but even their mind and conscience is de,

12 cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man. Then came his

disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees 13 were offended, after they heard this saying? But he answered

and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not

filed. Tit. i. 15. Be not carried about with Behold, how great a matter a little fire kinddivers and strange doctrines : for it is a good leth! and the tongue is a fire, a world of thing that the heart be established with iniquity, so is the tongue among our members grace, not with meats, which have not pro- that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fited them that have been occupied therein, fire the course of nature, and it is set on fire He. xiii. 9.

of hell; for every kind of beasts, and of birds, But that which cometh out of the mouth.] and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is See verses 18-20. See chap. xii. 34–37. tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind, His mouth is full of cursing, and deceit, but the tongue can no man tame. It is an and fraud. Ps. x. 7. Under his tongue unruly evil, full of deadly poison. Ja. iii

. is mischief and vanity; they speak vanity 5-8. When “ they" (the false teachers") every one with his neighbour, with flattering speak great swelling words of vanity, they lips, and with a double heart do they speak. allure through the lusts of the flesh, through Ps. xii. 2. Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs, much wantonness, those that were clean eslike a sharp razor, working deceitfully. Thou caped from them who live in error. 2 Pe. lovest evil more than good, and lying rather ii. 18. than to speak righteousness. Thou lovest all 12 Knowest thou, &c.] Lest we should devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue. offend " them” (that received tribute money" Ps. lii. 2, 3, 4. Whom hast thou reproached said Jesus), go thou (Peter) to the sea, and cast and blasphemed, and against whom hast thou an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on up, and when thou hast opened his mouth, high? even against the Holy One of Israel. thou shalt find a piece of money, that take Is. xxxvii. 23. Your hands are defiled with and give unto them for me and thee. Mat. blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your xvii. 27. The messenger that was gone to lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath mut- call Micaiah (the prophet, to king Ahab), tered perverseness. None calleth for justice, spake unto him, saying, Behold, now the nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust in words of the prophets declare good unto the vanity and speak lies: they conceive mischief king with one mouth; let thy word, I pray and bring forth iniquity. In transgressing thee, be like the word of one of them, and and lying against the Lord, and departing speak that which is good. And Micaiah said, away from our God, speaking oppression and As the Lord liveth, what the Lord saith unto revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart me, that will I speak. 1 Ki. xxii. 13, 14. words of falsehood. And judgment is turned Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor away backward, and justice standeth afar off : to the Gentiles, nor to the Church of God. for truth is fallen in the street, and equity Even as I please all men in all things, not cannot enter ; yea, truth faileth, and he that seeking mine own profit, but the profit of departeth from evil maketh himself a prey. many that they be saved. 1 Co. x. 32, And the Lord saw it, and it displeased him 33. We then beseech you that ye receive that there was no judgment. Is. lix. 3, 4. not the grace of God in vain; giving no offence 13, 14, 15. “They (the Jews") bend in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed. their tongues like their bow, for lies; but 2 Co. vi. 1. 3. To “whom" (the "false they are not valiant for the truth, upon the brethren,said Paul) we gave place by subearth, for they proceed from evil to evil. And jection, no not for an hour, that the truth of they know not me, saith the Lord, take ye the Gospel might continue with you. Ga. ii. heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye 5. The wisdom that is from above is first not in any brother, for every brother will pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be utterly supplant, and every neighbour will entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, withwalk with slanders : and they will deceive out partiality, and without hypocrisy. Ja. every one his neighbour, and will not speak iii. 17. the truth : they have taught their tongue to 13 Every plant, which my heavenly Father, speak lies, and weary themselves to commit &c.] See chap. xiii. 40, 41. Those that he iniquity. Thine habitation is in the midst of planted in the house of the Lord, shall deceit, through deceit they refuse to know me, Aourish in the courts of our God. Ps. xcii. saith the Lord. Je. ix. 3-6. Their throat 13. Thy" (" the church's") people shall be is an open sepulchre, with their tongues all righteous ; they shall inherit the land for they have used deceit

. The poison of asps is ever, the branch of my planting, the work of under their lips, whose mouth is full of cursing my hands, that I may be glorified. Is. IX. 21. and bitterness. Ro. iii. 13, 14. The tongue Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he is a little member, and boasteth great things. taketh away, and every branch that beareth

planted, shall be rooted up. Let them alone: they be blind leaders 14 of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare 15 unto us this parable. And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without 16

fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth Lord. Je. vi. 15. See Je. viii. 12. If the more fruit. As the branch cannot bear fruit prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a of itself, except it abide in the vine, no more thing, I the Lord have deceived that prophet, can ye (said Jesus), except ye abide in me. and I will stretch out my hand upon him, and I am the vine, ye are the branches. If a man will destroy him from the midst of my people abide not in me he is cast forth as a branch Israel. And they shall bear the punishment and is withered, and men gather them, and cast of their iniquity ; the punishment of the prothem into the fire, and they are burned. John phet shall be even as the punishment of him xv. 2. 4, 5, 6. If any man build upon this that seeketh unto him. Ez. xiv. 9, 10. Thus foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, saith the Lord concerning the prophets that hay, stubble, every man's work shall be made make my people err ; Night shall be unto you, manifest: for the day shall declare it, because that ye shall not have a vision, and it shall it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall be dark unto you that ye shall not divine. try every man's work of what sort it is. If And the sun shall go down over the prophets, any man's work abide which he has built there- and the day shall be dark over them. Then upon, he shall receive a reward. If any shall the seers be ashamed and the diviners man's work shall be burnt he shall suffer loss, confounded ; yea, they shall cover their lips, but he himself shall be saved ; yet so as by for there is no answer of God. Mi. iii. 3. 6, 7. fire. 1 Co. ii. 12-15.

There were false prophets among the people, 14 Let them alone.] Ephraim is joined to even as there shall be false teachers among idols, let him alone. Ho. iv. 17. If any man you, who privily shall bring in damnable teach otherwise (than Paul's doctrine), he is heresies, even denying the Lord that bought proud, knowing nothing, but doting about them, and bring upon themselves swift dequestions and strifes of words, whereof cometh struction. These are wells without water, envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, perverse clouds that are carried with a tempest, to disputings of men of corrupt minds, and des- whom the mist of darkness is reserved for titute of the truth, supposing that gain is ever. 2 Pe. ii. 1. 17. The beast was taken, godliness : from such withdraw thyself. I Ti. and with him the false prophets that wrought vi. 3. 5. See chap. xvi. 4.

miracles before him, with which he deceived They be blind leaders of the blind.] Woe them that had received the mark of the beast, unto you (Scribes and Pharisees) ye blind and them that worshipped his image. These guides, ye fools and blind, ye blind guides, both were cast alive into a lake of fire burnwhich strain at a gnat and swallow a camel. ing with brimstone. Re. xix. 20. Without Mat. xxiii. 16, 17. 19. 24. The leaders of (the New Jerusalem) are dogs and sorcerers, this people cause them to err, and they that and whoremongers and idolaters, and whosoare led of them are destroyed. Is. ix. 16. ever loveth and maketh a lie. Re. xxii. 15. Who is blind but my servant ? Who is blind 15 Declare unto us this parable.] See chap. as he that is perfect, and blind as the Lord's xiii. 36. Without a parable spake he not servant. Is. xlii. 19. His watchmen are unto them, and when they were alone he blind. Sleeping, lying down, loving to slum- expounded all things to his disciples. Mar. ber. Is. lvi. 10. Ye (the priests) are de- iv. 34. Lo now speakest thou plainly (said parted out of the way; ye have caused many his disciples, when Jesus had said unto them, to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the “ I came from the Father, and am come into covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of Hosts. the world : again I leave the world, and go to Mal. ii. 8. And he (Jesus) spake a parable the Father,"), and speakest no proverb. John unto them ; Can the blind lead the blind? xvi. 29. shall they not both fall into the ditch ? Lu. 16 Are ye also yet, &c.] See verse 10, yi. 39.

and chap. xiii. 51. Whom shall he teach And if the blind lead the blind, &c.] The knowledge ? and whom shall he make to unProphets prophesy falsely, and the Priests derstand doctrine ? Them that are weaned bear rule by their means, and my people love from the milk, and drawn from the breasts. to have it so. And what will ye do in the end For precept must be upon precept, precept thereof. Je. v. 31. Were they ashamed upon precept, line upon line, line upon line ; when they had committed abomination ? Nay, here a little and there a little. Is. xxviii. 9, they were not at all ashamed, neither could 10. They considered not the miracle of the they blush! Therefore they shall fall among loaves, for their heart was hardened. Mar. them that fall, and at the time that I visit vi. 52. They understood not that saying, them, they shall be cast down, saith the (that Christ should rise the third day), and

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