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devoured them up: Some fell upon stony places, where they 5 had not much earth : and forth with they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: And when the sun was up, they were 6 scorched : and because they had no root, they withered away. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and 7 choked them : But other fell into good ground, and brought forth 8 fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
and some an hundred. Mar. iv. 3-8. A unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, sower went out to sow his seed, and as he that Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith, sowed, some fell by the way-side ; and it was that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, trodden down, and the fowls of the air de- may be able to comprehend, with all saints, voured it. And some fell upon a rock; and what is the breadth, and length, and depth, as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, and height; and to know the love of Christ, because it lacked moisture. And some fell which passeth knowledge, that ye might be among thorns; and the thorns sprang up filled with all the fulness of God. Ep. iii. with it, and choked it. And other fell on 14. 17, 18, 19. If ye continue in the faith, good ground; and sprang up, and bare fruit an grounded and settled, and be not moved away hundred-fold. Lu. viii. 5-8.
from the hope of the Gospel, which ye have 4 See verse 18, 19.
heard, and which was preached to every 5 Stony places.] See verse 20. I will creature which is under heaven. Col. i. 23. give "them” (“the remnant of Israel”) one As ye have received Christ Jesus the Lord, heart, and I will put a new spirit within you ; so walk ye in him; rooted and built up in and I will take the stony heart out of their him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh. been taught, abounding therein with thanksEz xi. 19. A new heart also will I give you ; giving. Col. ii. 6, 7. and a new spirit will I put within you. And 7 Among thorns.] See verse 22. Thorns I will take away the stony heart out of your also and thistles shall it (the ground) bring flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. forth to thee (said God to Adam). Ge. iii. 18. Ex. xxxvi. 26. Shall horses run upon the Break up your fallow ground, and sow not rock? Will one plow there with oxen? for among thorns. Circumcise yourselves to the ye have turned judgment into gall, and the Lord, and take away the foreskins of your fruit of righteousness into hemlock. Am. heart, ye men of Judah, and inhabitants of vi. 12. Yea, “they” (“ the Jews”) made Jerusalem, lest my fury come forth like fire, their hearts as an adamant-stone, lest they and burn, that none can quench it, because of should hear the law and the words which the the evil of your doings. Je. iv. 3, 4. These Lord of hosts hath sent in his Spirit by the are they which are sown among thorns ; such former prophets; therefore came a great wrath as hear the word, and the cares of this world, from the Lord of hosts. Zec. vii. 12.
and the deceitfulness of riches; and the lusts 6 When the sun was up.] See verse 21. of other things entering in, choke the word, They (the Gentiles), shall not hunger nor and it becometh unfruitful. Mar. iv, 18, 19. thirst, neither shall the heat nor sun smite 8 Good ground.] See verse 23. That on them; for he that hath mercy on them shall the good ground are they, which in an honest lead them, even by the springs of water shall and good heart, having heard the word, keep he guide them. Is. xlix. 10. The sun is no it, and bring forth fruit with patience. Lu. sooner risen with a burning heat, but it viii. 15. For I know that in me (that is, in withereth the grass and the flower thereof my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing (said Paul), falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it for to will is present with me, but how to perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade perform that which is good I find not. Ro. away in his ways. Blessed is the man that vii. 18. endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he Some an hundredfold.] Then Isaac sowed shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord in that land (of Abimelech), and received in hath promised to them that love him. 1 Ja. the same year an hundredfold. Ge. xxvi. 12. i. 11, 12. “They" (" which came out of Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear great tribulation ") shall hunger no more, much fruit. John xv. 8. The fruit of the neither thirst any more, neither shall the sun Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, genlight on them, nor any heat. Re. vii. 16. tleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.
Because they had no root.] See chap. vii. Ga. v. 22, 23. And this I pray, that ye may 26, 27. They on the rock are they, which, be sincere and without offence till the day of when they hear, receive the word with joy. Christ, being filled with all the fruits of righteAnd these have no root, which for a while ousness which are by Jesus Christ, unto the believe, and in time of temptation fall away. glory and praise of God. Ph. i. 9, 10, 11. Lai. viii. 13. For this cause I bow my knees See chap. xiii. 23.
9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. And the disciples came, 10 and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables ? 11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to
know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is
9 Hath ears to hear.] See verse 16. He part, which shall not be taken away from her. that hath ears to hear, let him hear. Mat. xi. Lu. X. 39-42. If any man will do his will
, 15. If any man have ears to hear, let him he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be hear, Mar. iv. 9. 23. Hearken unto me of God, or whether I speak of myself. John every one of you, and understand. There is vii. 17. And a certain woman named Lydia, nothing from without a man, that entering a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, into him can defile him; but the things which which worshipped God, heard us; whose come out of him, those are they that defile the heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto
If any man have ears to hear, let him the things which were spoken of Paul. A. hear. Mar. vii. 14, 15, 16. He that hath xvi. 14. " These” (“the Bereans ") were an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto more noble than those in Thessalonica, in the churches. Re. ii. 7. 11. 17. 29. ; iii. 6. that they received the word with all readiness of 13. 22. All that dwell upon the earth shall mind, and searched the Scriptures daily wheworship him, whose names are not written in ther those things were so ; therefore many of the book of life of the Lamb slain from the them believed. Ac. xvii. 11, 12. As it is foundation of the world. If any man have an written (said Paul), Eye hath not seen, nor ear, let him hear. Re. xiii. 8, 9.
ear heard, neither have entered into the heart 10 Why speakest thou unto them, &c.] And of man, the things which God hath prepared when he was alone, they that were about him for them that love him; but God hath rewith the twelve, asked of him the parable (of vealed them unto us by his Spirit; for the the sower). And with many such parables Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep spake he the word unto them, as they were things of God. But the natural man receiveth able to hear it; but without a parable spake not the things of God; for they are foolishness he not unto them. And when they were unto him ; neither can he know them, because alone he expounded all things to his disciples. they are spiritually discerned. I Co. ii. 9, Mar. iv. 10. 33, 34.
10. 14. Who maketh thee to differ from 11 Because it is given unto you, &c.] See another ? and what hast thou, that thou didst chap. xi. 25, 26. Good and upright is the not receive ? Now if thou didst receive it
, Lord, therefore will he teach sinners in the why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not way: the meek will he guide in judgment; received it? | Co. iv. 7. If any of you lack and the meek will he teach his way: the wisdom, let him ask of God that giveth to all secret
of the Lord is with them that fear him, men liberally, and upbraideth not, and it shall and he will shew them his covenant. Ps. be given him. Do not err, my beloved brexxv. 8, 9. 14. The meek also shall increase thren. Every good gift, and every perfect their joy in the Lord, and the poor among gift is from above, and cometh down from the men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel. Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, Is. xxix. 19. And an highway shall be there, neither shadow of turning. Of his own will and a way, and it shall be called the way of begat he us with the word of truth, that we holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; should be a kind of first-fruits of his creatures
. but it shall be for those : the wayfaring men Ja. i. 5. 16-18. The anointing which ye though fools shall not err therein. Is. xxxv. have received of him abideth in you, and ye 8. Unto you it is given to know the mystery need not that any man teach you: but as the of the kingdom of God, but unto them that same anointing teacheth you of all things, and are without, all these things are done in para- is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath bles. Mar. iv. 11. Unto you it is given to taught you, ye shall abide in him. ) John ik know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, 27. See verse 5). but to others in parables, that seeing they The mysteries of the kingdom of heaven.) Now might not see, and hearing they might not to him (said Paul) that is of power to stablish understand. Lu, viii. 10. And she (Martha you, according to my Gospel and the preachthe sister of Lazarus) had a sister called Mary, ing of Jesus Christ (according to the revelation which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his of the mystery which was kept secret since word; but Martha was cumbered about much the world began; but now is made manifest, serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost and by the Scriptures of the prophets, accord thou not care that my sister hath left me to ing to the commandment of the everlasting serve alone? Bid her, therefore, that she God, made known to all nations, for the obehelp me. And Jesus answered, and said unto dience of faith), to God, only wise, be glory her, Martha, Martha, thou art careful and through Jesus Christ
for ever. Amen! Re. troubled about many things; but one thing is xvi. 25, 26, 27. We speak the wisdom of needful, and Mary hath chosen that good God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, not given. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he 12 shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Therefore speak I to 13
which God ordained before the world unto hearts might be comforted, being knit togeour glory. 1 Co. ii. 7. Let a man so account ther in love, and unto all riches of the full of us as of the ministers of Christ and stewards assurance of understanding, to the acknowof the mysteries of God. 1 Co. iv. 1. Though ledgment of the mystery of God, and of the I have the gift of prophecy, and understand Father, and of Christ. Col. ii. ), 2. Likeall mysteries, and all knowledge, and though wise must the deacons be grave, holding the I have all faith, so that I could remove moun- mystery of the faith in a pure conscience; tains, and have not charity, I am nothing and without controversy great is the mystery I Co. xiii. 2. Behold, I shew you a mystery; of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, eye, at the last trump. I Co. xv. 51, 52. received up into glory. 1 Ti. iii. 8, 9. 16. He (the Lord) hath abounded toward us in all 12 Whosoever hath, &c.] Unto every one wisdom, and prudence, Having made known that hath shall be given, and he shall have unto us the mystery of his will, according to abundance : but from him that hath not shall his good pleasure which he hath purposed in be taken away even that which he hath. Mat. himself. Wherefore I cease not to give thanks xxv. 29. And he saith unto them, Take heed for you, making mention of you in my prayers, what ye hear; for with what measure ye mete, that the eyes of your understanding being it shall be measured to you. And unto you enlightened, ye may know what is the hope that hear shall more be given; for he that of his (Christ's) calling, and what the riches hath, to him shall be given; and he that hath of the glory of bis inheritance in the saints. not, from him shall be taken even that which Ep. i. 8, 9. 18. Ye have heard of the dispensa- he hath. Mar. iv. 24, 25. Take heed theretion of the grace of God, which is given me to fore how ye hear; for whosoever hath, to him you-ward. How that by revelation be made shall be given, and whosoever hath not, from known unto me the mystery, as I wrote afore him shall be taken even that which he seemeth in a few words, whereby, when ye read, ye to have. Lu. viii. 18. For whosoever shall may understand my knowledge in the mystery be ashamed of me and of my words, of him of Christ, which in other ages, was not made shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he known unto the sons of men, as it is now shall come in his own glory, and in his Farevealed unto his holy apostles and prophets ther's, and of the holy angels. Lu. ix. 26. by the Spirit, that the Gentiles should be Take from him the pound (said the nobleman fellow-heirs, and of the same body, and par- in the parable, who left money with his servants takers of his promise in Christ by the Gospel, to trade with), and give it to him that hath whereof I was made a minister, according to ten pounds ; (and they said unto him, Lord, the gift of the grace of God, given unto me he hath ten pounds ;) for I say unto you, that by the effectual working of his power. Unto unto every one which hath shall be given ; me, who am less than the least of all saints, and from him that hath not, even that he is this grace given, that I should preach among hath shall be taken away from him. Lu. the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ. xix. 24, 25, 26. Every branch in me that And to make all men see what is the fellow- beareth not fruit "he" (" the Father'') taketh ship of the mystery, which from the beginning away (said Jesus); and every branch that of the world hath been hid in God, who beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring created all things by Jesus Christ. Ep. iii. forth more fruit. Now ye are clean, through 2--9. This is a great mystery, but I speak the word which I have spoken unto you; concerning Christ and his church. Ep. v. 32. abide in me, and I in you. As the branch (Pray) for me (said Paul) that utterance may cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in be given unto me; that I may open my mouth the vine, no more can ye, except ye abide in boldly to make known the mystery of the me. I am the vine, ye are the branches : he Gospel. Ep. vi. 19. I am made a minister that abideth in me, and I in him, the same to fulfil the word of God, even the mystery bringeth forth much fruit ; for without me ye which hath been hid from ages and from can do nothing. John xv. 2-5. generations; but now is made manifest to his From him shall be taken, &c.} I say unto saints; to whom God would make known what "you" ("the Jews"), The kingdom of God is the riches of the glory of this mystery among shall be taken from you, and given to a nathe Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the tion bringing forth the fruits thereof. Mat. hope of glory. Col. i. 26, 27. I would that xxi. 43. I will tell you what I will do with ye knew what great conflict I have for you, my vineyard; I will take away the hedge and for them at Laodicea, and for as many as thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break have not seen my face in the flesh; that their down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden
them in parables : because they seeing see not; and hearing they 14 hear not, neither do they understand. And in them is fulfilled the
prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and
down; and I will lay it waste: it shall not and see not, which have ears, and hear not. be pruned nor digged; but there shall come up Je. v. 21. Son of man, thou dwellest in the briers and thorns: I will also command the midst of a rebellious house, which have eyes clouds that they rain no rain upon it; for the to see, and see not; they have ears to hear, and vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of hear not; for they are a rebellious house. Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant Ez. xii. 2. And when Jesus knew it (that plant; and he looked for judgment, but be- they reasoned among themselves, saying, He hold oppression ; for righteousness, but be- bids us beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, hold a cry. Is. v. 5, 6, 7. What shall, because we have no bread), he saith unto them, therefore, the Lord of the vineyard do? He Why reason ye because ye have no bread ? will come and destroy the husbandmen, and Perceive ye not yet, neither understand! will give the vineyard unto others. Mar. xii. Have ye your heart yet hardened; having 9. One thing is needful, and Mary (said eyes, see ye not ? and having ears, hear ye Jesus) hath chosen that good part which shall not ? And do ye not remember (Christ's minot be taken away from her. Lu. x. 42. raculously feeding four thousand). Mar. viii. Thou fool (said God to the rich man who 17, 18. This is the condemnation (said Jesus), boasted himself in his multiplied stores), this that light is come into the world, and men night thy soul shall be required of thee : then loved darkness rather than light, because their whose shall those things be which thou hast deeds were evil. For every one that doeth provided ? So is he that layeth up treasure evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the for himself, and is not rich toward God. Lu. light, lest his deeds should be reproved. Joks xii. 20, 21. How is it that I hear this of thee iii. 19, 20. Por judgment I am come into (said the rich man to the unjust steward)? this world; that they which see not might Give an account of thy stewardship; for thou see ; and that they which see might be made mayest be no longer steward! Abraham said blind. John ix. 39. And some of the Phari(to the rich man, being in torments), Son, re- sees which were with him heard these words, member that thou in thy lifetime receivedst and said unto him, Are we blind also ! Jesus thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil said unto them, If ye were blind ye should things; but now he is comforted, and thou have no sin : but now ye say, We see; thereart tormented. Lu. xvi. 2. 25. Remember fore your sin remaineth. John ix. 40, 41. from whence “thou" ("the angel of the church If our Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that of Ephesus”) art fallen, and repent, and do are lost; in whom the god of this world the first works, or else I will come unto thee hath blinded the minds of them which believe quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out not, lest the light of the glorious Gospel of of his place, except thou repent. Re. ii. 5. Christ, who is the image of God, should shine I know thy works (was the message of John to unto them. 2 Co. iv. 3, 4. the angel of the church of the Laodiceans), that 14 The prophecy of Esaias.] See preced. thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou com. Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, wert cold or hot: so then because thou art but understand not; and see ye indeed, but lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will perceive not; make the heart of this people spew thee out of my mouth. Re. iii. 15, 16. fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their
13 Because they seeing see not.] See verse eyes ; lest they see with their eyes, and hear 16. And Moses called unto all Israel, and with their ears, and understand with their said unto them, Ye have seen the great tempt- heart, and convert, and be healed. Is. vi. 9, ations which thine eyes have seen, the signs 10. See chap. xiii. 11. Therefore they could and those great miracles; yet the Lord hath not believe, because that Esaias said again, not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes He hath blinded their eyes and hardened to see, and ears to hear, unto this day. De. their heart, that they should not see with xxix. 2, 3, 4. Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, their eyes, nor understand with their heart, that ye may see. Who is blind, but my servant? and be converted, and I should heal them. or deaf as my messenger that I sent? Who is John xii. 39, 40. And when they" (* seke blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the heard Paul expounding and testifying the Lord's servant ? seeing many things, but thou kingdom of God") agreed not among themobservest not; opening the ears, but he selves, they departed, after that Paul had heareth not. Is. xlii. 18, 19, 20. They have spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost not known nor understood ; for he (the Lord) by Esaias the prophet, unto our fathers, sayhath shut their eyes, that they cannot see, ing, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing, ye and their hearts, that they cannot understand. shall hear, and not understand; and seeing, Is. xliv. 18. Hear now this, O foolish people, ye shall see, and not perceive: for the heart and without understanding ; which have eyes of this people is waxed gross, and their ears
shall not understand ; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears 15 are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed ; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. But blessed are your eyes, for they see : 16
are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read closed, lest they should see with their eyes, this, I pray thee ; and he saith, I cannot ; for and hear with their ears, and understand with it is sealed. And the book is delivered to him their heart, and should be converted, and I that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray should heal them. Ac. xxviii. 25, 26, 27. thee ; and he saith, I am not learned. Is. According as it is written, God hath given xxix. 10, 11, 12. He (the idol-maker) feedeth them the spirit of slumber; eyes that they on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him should not see, and ears that they should not aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor hear. Ro. xi. 8. And David saith, Let their say, Is there not a lie in my right hand ? table be made a snare and a trap, and a Isa. xliv. 20. Then shall the Wicked be restumbling block, and a recompence unto vealed whom the Lord shall consume with them; let their eyes be darkened, that they the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with may not see, and bow down their back alway. the brightness of his coming. Even him, Ro. xi. 9, 10. But their minds were blinded; whose coming is after the working of Satan, for until this day remaineth the same vail (as with all power, and signs, and lying wonders ; that which Moses put over his face) untaken and with all deceivableness of unrighteousness, away, in the reading of the Old Testament, in them that perish ; because they received which vail is done away in Christ. 2 Co. not the love of the truth, that they might be iii. 14.
saved. And for this cause God shall send 15 Heart is wared gross.] Their heart is them strong delusion that they should believe as fat as grease. Ps. cxix. 70.
a lie. 2 Th. ii. &-l). Ears are dull of hearing. ] “ They” (“ the And should be converted.] Repent ye (said hypocritical Jews") refused to hearken, and Peter to the Jews) and be converted, that your pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their sins may be blotted out, when the times of ears that they should not hear. Zec. vii. 11. refreshing shall come from the presence of Why do ye not understand my speech? the Lord. Ac. iii. 19. The servant of the Even because ye cannot hear my word. John Lord must not strive, but be gentle unto all viii. 43. Ye are of your father the devil, and men, apt to teach, patient, in meekness inthe lusts of your father ye will do ; he was a structing those that oppose themselves: if murderer from the beginning, and abode not God, peradventure, will give them repentance in the truth, because there is no truth in him : to the acknowledging of the truth; and that when he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his they may recover themselves out of the snare own; for he is a liar and the father of it. of the devil, who are taken captive by him at John viii. 44. Then (when Stephen said, that his will. 2 Ti. ii. 24, 25, 26. It is imposhe saw the heavens opened, and the Son of man sible for those who were once enlightened, standing on the right hand of God) they cried and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, were made partakers of the Holy Ghost; and and ran upon him with one accord. Ac. vii. have tasted the good word of God, and the 57. The time will come when they will not powers of the world to come ; if they shall endure sound doctrine ; but after their own fall away, to renew them again unto repent. lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, ance, seeing they crucify the Son of God having itching ears; and they shall turn away afresh, and put him to an open shame. He. their ears from the truth, and shall be turned vi. 4, 5, 6. unto fables. 2 Ti. iv. 3, 4. Though he were And I should heal them.] I have seen his a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things (the penitent's) ways, and will heal him ; I which he suffered. Called of God an high will lead him also, and restore comforts unto priest, after the order of Melchisedec; of him, and to his mourners. Is. lvii. 18. Rewhom we have many things to say, and hard turn, ye backsliding children, and I will heal to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing your backslidings. Behold, we come unto He. v. 8. 10, 11.
thee, for thou art the Lord our God. Je. iii. Their eyes they have closed.] The Lord 22. Heal me, O Lord, and I shall be healed ; hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep save me, and I shall be saved : for thou art sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets my praise. Je. xvii. 14. Behold, I will bring and your rulers, the seers, hath he covered. “it' (the “ captivity" of Judah and of Israel) And the vision of all is become unto you as health and cure; and I will cure them, and í the words of a book that is sealed, which men will reveal unto them the abundance of peace