Ready-Made Democracy: A History of Men's Dress in the American Republic, 1760-1860

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University of Chicago Press, 2006 - Design - 296 pages
Ready-Made Democracy explores the history of men's dress in America to consider how capitalism and democracy emerged at the center of American life during the century between the Revolution and the Civil War. Michael Zakim demonstrates how clothing initially attained a significant place in the American political imagination on the eve of Independence. At a time when household production was a popular expression of civic virtue, homespun clothing was widely regarded as a reflection of America's most cherished republican values: simplicity, industriousness, frugality, and independence.

By the early nineteenth century, homespun began to disappear from the American material landscape. Exhortations of industry and modesty, however, remained a common fixture of public life. In fact, they found expression in the form of the business suit. Here, Zakim traces the evolution of homespun clothing into its ostensible opposite—the woolen coats, vests, and pantaloons that were "ready-made" for sale and wear across the country. In doing so, he demonstrates how traditional notions of work and property actually helped give birth to the modern industrial order. For Zakim, the history of men's dress in America mirrored this transformation of the nation's social and material landscape: profit-seeking in newly expanded markets, organizing a waged labor system in the city, shopping at "single-prices," and standardizing a business persona.

In illuminating the critical links between politics, economics, and fashion in antebellum America, Ready-Made Democracy will prove essential to anyone interested in the history of the United States and in the creation of modern culture in general.
 

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Ready-made democracy: a history of men's dress in the American Republic, 1760-1860

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Examining the American Colonial and early republican experience, Zakim (history, Tel Aviv Univ.) shows us how clothing can make history. During the early Industrial Revolution, England needed to ... Read full review

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Contents

Sartorial Politics
1
1 A Homespun Ideology
11
2 A Clothing Business
37
3 The Reinvention of Tailoring
69
4 Dressing for Work
96
5 ReadyMade Labor
127
6 The Seamstress
157
7 A Fashion Regime
185
Conclusion
212
Notes
221
Index
289
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About the author (2006)

Michael Zakim teaches history at Tel Aviv University.

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