The English Literatures of America, 1500-1800

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Myra Jehlen, Michael Warner
Psychology Press, 1997 - History - 1118 pages
"The book begins with the first colonization of the Americas and stretches beyond the Revolution to the early national period. Placing the literary culture of the settlements in the context of other colonies as well as the growing cosmopolitan culture of the British empire itself, this lively reader contains numerous dialogues across the English Atlantic world. While historically sound and thorough, this anthology responds to current interests, for example, the global context of national cultures; the relation between colonial histories and cosmopolitan culture; or the omissions and margins of the literary record. The English Literatures of America offers a wide range of voices, including women writers on both sides of the ocean, early English-language texts of Native Americans, and writings of Africans both slave and free, in London as well as in the American colonies. It includes texts from elite as well as common cultures, Puritans in New England as well as Puritans in the West Indies, regional cultures in the colonial South as well as the grand cosmopolitan culture of imperial London. The organization of The English Literatures of America involves a thorough rethinking of colonial American literature while retaining the standards of the American canon. American literatures are for the first time presented in an international and colonial context. Not only do new texts appear; familiar ones have new significance. The Puritans can be read as they understood themselves, i.e., as New English. Many texts are collected here for the first time in any anthology. Others are recognized masterpieces of the canon--both British and American--that for the first time can be read in their Atlantic context. Here, for example, are Francis Bacon, Andrew Marvell, Alexander Pope and Adam Smith, as well as Bradstreet, Wheatley, Edwards and Franklin. Despite the unparalleled scope of this anthology, many texts are given complete rather than in snippets. These include Hariot's Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, Aphra Behn's play The Widow Ranter, numerous essays by Benjamin Franklin and others. By emphasizing the culture of empire and by representing a transatlantic dialogue, The English Literatures of America allows a new way to understand colonial literature both in the United States and abroad."--Publisher's description.

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Contents

The Expansion of Europe
3
Niccolo Machiavelli
10
King Manuel I of Portugal
29
Learning to Say America in English
39
John Rastell
47
Michel de Montaigne
95
The English Diaspora
101
journal of a voyage to New England 1629
150
Thomas Paine
673
Histories
683
Daniel Defoe
689
William Byrd II
699
Dr Alexander Hamilton
708
Nathaniel Ames II
716
Adam Smith
752
Peter Oliver
771

from A Modell of Christian Charity 1630
151
John Cotton
160
Thomas Morton
168
William Bradford
175
George
194
Anonymous
222
Aphra Behn
233
John Esquemeling
292
Ned Edward Ward
299
New England and Canada
305
Anne Bradstreet
322
Ned Ward
400
Sarah Knight
415
The Trials of Puritanism
429
at the Court at Newtown 1637
435
the Keayne controversy
443
Richard Saltonstall
457
Deodat Lawson
475
The Seventeenth Century
489
Increase Mather
504
three selections about smallpox
521
The Seventeenth Century
527
George Herbert
535
from The Whole Booke of Psalmes Faithfully Translated
541
Anne Bradstreet
548
Edward Taylor
581
Religion in the Enlightenment
597
of the Will 1754
628
Olaudah Equiano Gustavus Vassa
792
William Baylies
800
The Literature of Politics
813
two popular broadsides
842
Edmund Burke
850
Thomas Jefferson
858
Thomas Paine
865
Judith Sargent Murray
874
Ottobah Cugoano John Stuart
880
Benjamin Franklin
891
The Eighteenth Century
901
William Bartram
939
Belles Lettres
949
Thomas Jefferson
971
Alphonzo
986
Fisher Ames
1000
The Eighteenth Century
1011
Benjamin Tompson
1032
three versions of Psalm 137
1040
Joseph Green
1049
James Grainger
1064
Ned Botwood
1081
Joel Barlow
1094
Sonnet to the Full Summer Moon
1101
INDEX
1113
954
1117
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