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more fertile. At the foot of one of ject. This tattle was unfortunately
a populoiis town in the west, a post the great personage. He was a young chaise and four came rattling along, man apprehended for a forgery on the with prodigious velocity, and with Bank, and was a few weeks after the usual a companiments of dogs banged by the neck till be rvas dead. barking, women and children scream I am, air, deliberately, ing, &c. &c. The usual concourse
Your humbl - servant, appeared at the gate of the inn to see
FESTINA LENTE.' Account of Uoston, in Derbyshire; the Seat of Françis Turbot, Eją.
IViih a View of that handsome Mansion.
Turbo, esq. ftands on an ele- moor, two miles in length, and nearly vation about eight miles from Chester- as broad; but this is compensated for, field, and feven from Matlock. It in proceeding, by the rich prospect is a handsome house, built of stone, of the hills and torrs of Matlock, with a Venetian window over the hall Cromford, &c. with nu: herless hills door. It is seen from fonie distance, beyond them for many miles. Of and, together with a very rich hilly Matlock so much has been said that country, forms, on a fummer's sun little can be added that is new. of set, a grand prospect; bounded by what is fo, Mr. Arkwright's Castle craggy hills, intermixed with others and cotton works form a striking obi these hills is a very fine - lead mine, deftroyed by fire, when near finished: which is not far from Matlock. The but it is now rebuilding, and, when earth, in these parts, abounds with completed, will be a very capital manevery description of ores, except gold lion. The prospect from Ugflon is and filver. For some distance toward much confined in frot, aš, at one Mátlock, the country is pleasing and mile distance, rife's a considerable hill, greatly cultivated; but, at the fourth on which stands Higham.
Further EXTRACTS from the MISCELLANEOUS WORKS
of Edward Gibbon, Esq. * Account of ile Rev. William Chilling- months, Mr. Chilingworth was again
ráčler. After a Thort trial of a few worth.
tormented by religious fcruples : he
; his M. A. and fellow of Trinity unravel!éd his mistakes, and delivered College, Oxford, was, at the age his mind from the yoke of authority of twenty-eight years, persuaded to and fuperftition. His new creed was elope from Oxford, to the English built on the principles that the Bible feminary at Douay in Flanders. Some is our sole judge; and private reason disputes with Fisher, a subtle jesuit, our sole interpreter: and he ably might-first awaken him from the pre- maintains this principle in the religion judices or education; but he yielded of a protestant, a book which, after to his own victorious argument, that startling the doctors of Oxford, is still there must be somewhere an infallible esteemed the most folià defence of the judge ; and that the church of Rome reformation. The learn ng, the viris the only Chriftian society which ei- tue, the recent merits of the author, ther does or can pretend to that cha- entitled him to fair preferment: bus
* See Universul Magazine, June, page 406.
the slave had now broken his fetters ; quent changes proceeded from too nice and the more he weighed, the less an inquisition into truth., His doubts was he disposed to subscribe to the grew out of himself; he aslifted them thirty-nine, articles of the church of with all the itrength of his reason; he England. In a private letter he de- was then too hard for himself; but clares, with all the energy of language, finding as little quiet and repose in that he could not subscribe to them those victories, he quickly recovered, without subscribing to his own damna- by a new appeal to his own judgment : tion; and that ever he should de. so that in all his fallies and retreats, part from this immoveable resolution, he was in fact his own convert. he would allow his friends to think him a madman, or an atheist. As the letter is without a date, we cannot
Account of the celebrated Peter Bayle. ascertain the number of weeks of BAYLE was the son of a Calvinist months that elapsed between this paf- minister in a remote province of fionate abhorrence and the Salisbury France, at the foot of the Pyrenees Register, which is still extánt. • Ego For the benefit of education, the proa Gulielmus Chillingworth, - omnibus teftants were tempted to risk their hisce articulis, et fingulis in iisdem children in the Catholic universities; contentis volens, et ex animo fub- and in the twenty-second year of his fcribo, et consensum meum iisdem age, young Bayle was seduced by the præbéo. 20 die Julii 1638. But, arts and arguments of the jesuits of alas! the chancellor and prebendary Thoulouse. He remained about seven. of Sarum fcon deviated from his own teen months (19th March 1669subscription : as he more deeply fcru- 19th August 1676) in their hands, à tinized the article of the Trinity, nei- voluntary captive; and a letter to his ther fcripture nor the primitive fathers parents, which the new convert comcould long uphold his orthodox belief; posed or subscribed (15th April 1670) and he could not but confess, that is darkly tinged with the spirit of pothe doctrine of Arius is either a truth, pery. But nature had designed him or at least no damnable heresy.' From to think as he pleased, and to fpeak this middle region of the air, the de- as he thought : his piety was offended scent of his reason would naturally rest by the excessive worship of creatures; on the firmer ground of the Socinians: and the study of physics convinced and if we may credit a doubtful story, him of the imposibility of transuband the popular opinion, his anxious ftantiation, which is abundantly re- · inquiries at last subsided in philosophic futed by the testimony of our senses. indifference So conspicuous, how- His return to the communion of a falever, were the candour of his nature ling sect was a bold and disinterested and the innocence of his heart, that step, that exposed him to the rigour this apparent fevity did not affect the of the laws; and a speedy Alight to reputation of Chillingworth. His fre- Geneva protected him from the re,
* Mr. Gibbon too lightly adopts the calumny which was propogated against this great and good man, by the bigots of the last century, of his having fubsided into that philofophic indifference, which, it is probable, was not so honourable in his estimation as in the opinion of Mr. Gibbon.-To adopt the charges of bigots but ill becomes a philosopher. Chillingworth was called an infidel by the zealots of his age, because he was moderate, candid, and rational. A Tillotson, a Locke, an Emlyn, &c. have been traduced in like manner : yet the Christianity of Chillingworth was perfectly con: fiftent, both in doctrine and spirit, with that of Newton and Locke, of Watfon and Paley, and other illuftrious persons amorig both the clergy and laity; imen, not only ornaments to religion, but to human nature; and while Christianity continues to be profeffed and defended, in its own genuine spirit, by such men, the greatest masters of human reason, it can never be injured by the derision of its adversaries, their dy in. Snuations, or more open and direct attacks.
fentment of his fpiritual tyrants, un- other. The wonderful power which conscious as they were of the full value he fo boldly exercised, of assembling of the prize, which they had lot. doubts and objections, had tempted Had Bayle adhered to the Catholic him jocosely to assume the title of the church, had he embraced the eccle- repelnyépsta Zivs, the cloud-compelling faftical profeffion, the genius and fa- Jove; and in a conversation with the vour of such a profelyte might have ingenious abbé (afterward cardinal) aspired to wealth and honours in his de Polignac, he freely disclosed his native country:. but the hypocrite universal Pyrronism. I am mot would have found less happiness in the truly (Said Bayle) a Proteftant; for I comforts of a benefice, or the dignity protest indifferently against all systems of a mitre, than he enjoyed at Roi- and all sects.' terdam in a private state of exile, indigence, and freedom. Without a country, or a patron, or a prejudice, Olf.rvations on a Tour in Swiferland. he claimed the liberty and fubfifted During two years, if I forget by the labours of his pen : the ine- some boyith excursions of a day or a quality of his voluminous works is ex- week, I was fixed at Lausanne ; but plained and excosed by his alternately at the end of the third fummer, my writing for himself, for the book father consented that I should make fellers, and for pofterity ; and if a fe- the tour of Swisferland with Pavil. vere critic would reduce him to a fin- liard : and our thort absence of one gle folio, that relic, like the books of month (September zift-O&tober the Sybil, would become ftill more zoth, 1755) was a reward and revaluable. A calm and lofty spectator laxation of my affiduous studies. "The of the religious tempeft, the philofo- fashion of climbing the mountains and pher of Rotterdam condemned with reviewing the Glaciers, had not yet equal firmness the persecution of Lewis been introduced by foreign travellers, the fourteenth, and the republican who seek the sublime beauties of namaxims of the Calvinists ; their vain ture. But the political face of the prophecies, and the intolerant bigotry country is not less diversified by the which sometimes vexed his folitary forms and spirit of so many various retreat. In reviewing the contro- republics, from the jealous governverlies of the times, he turned againft ment of the few to the licentious freeeach other the arguments of the dif- dom of the many. I contemplated putants ; fucceflively
. wielding the arms with pleasure the new prospects of men of the Catholic and Proteftants, he and manners ; though my conversation proves that neither the way of au- with the natives would have been more thority, nor the way of examination free and instructive, had I posleffed can afford the multitude any test of the German, as well as the French religious truth; and dexterously con- language. We passed through most cludes that cùftom and education must of the principal towns of Swisserland; be the fole grounds of popular belief. Neufchâtel, Bienne, Soleurre, Arau, The ancient paradox of Plutarch, that Baden, Zurich, Basil, and Bern. In atheism is lets pernicious than fuperfti- every place we visited the churches, tion, acquires a tenfold vigour, when arsenals, libraries, and all the most it is adorned with the colours of his eminent persons; and after my re- . wit; and pointed with the acuteness turn, I digested any notes in fourteen of his logic. His critical dictionary or fifteen iheets of a French journal, is a vast repository of facts and opi- which I dispatched to my father, asa. nions ; and he balances the false reli- prou that my time and his money had gions in his sceptical scales, till the not been mil-spent. Had I found this oppofitie quantities (if I may use the journal among his papers, I might be language of algebra) annihilate each tempted to selea lome passages; but
I will not transcribe the printed ac. The ode which he compo ed on his counts, and it may be sufficient to no- first arrival on the banks of the Letice a remarkable spot, which left a man Lake, O Maison d'Aristippe, O deep and lalting impression on my Jardin d'Epicure, &c. had been im memory. From Zurich we proceed- parted 'as a secret to the gentleman by ed to the Benedictine Abbey of Ein- whom I was introduced. He allowed fidlen, more commonly styled Our me to read it twice; I knew it by Lady of the Hermits. I was asto- heart; and as my discretion was not nished by the profuf: oftentation of equal'to my memory, the author was riches in the pooreft corner of Europe; foon displeased by the circulation of a amid a lavage scene cf woods and copy. In writ ng this trivial anecdote, mountains, a palace appears to have I wished to observe whether my mebeen erected by magic; and it was mcry was impaired, and I have the erected by the potent magic of reji- .comtort of finding that every line of gion. A crowd of palmers and vota- the poem is fill engraved in fresh and sies was proftrate before the altar. indelible characters. The highest
The title and worship of the Mother gratification which I derived from of God provoked my indignation ; Voltaire's residence at Lausanne, was and the lively naked image of super- the uncommon circumstance of hearstition suggested to me, as in the same ing a great poet declaim his own proplace it had done to Zuinglius, the ductions on the stage. He had formed most pressing argument for the re a company of gentlemen and ladies, formation of the church. . About two some of whom were not deftitute of years after this tour, I passed at talents. A decent theatre was framed Geneva a useful and agreeable month; at Monrepos, a country-house at the but this excursion, and some short end of a fuburb;' drefles and 'scene's visits in the Pais de Vaud, did not were provided at the expence of the materially interrupt my studious and actors; and the author directed the sedentary life at Lausanne.
rehearsals with the zeal and attention
of paternal love. In two succellive Anecdotes of Voltaire.
winters his tragedies of Zayre, Alzire,
Zulime, and his sentimental comedy Before I was recalled from Swif- of the Enfant Prodigue, were played ferland, I had the satisfaction of fee- at the theatre of Monrepos. Voltaire ing the most extraordinary man of the represented the characters best adapted age.; a poet, an historian, a philofo- to his years, Lusignan, Alvaréz, Bepher, who has filled thirty quartos, of naflar, Euphemon. His declamation prose and verse, with his various pro- was fashioned to the pomp and caductions, often excellent, and always dence of the old stage; and he exentertaining. Need I add the name pressed the entusiasm of poetry, raof Voltai: e? After forfeiting, by his ther than the feelings of nature. My own misconduct, the friendship of the ardour, which foon became conspicus firit of kings, he retired, at the age ous, seldom failed of procuring me a of fixty, with a plentiful fortune, to a ticket. The habits of pleasure fortififree and beautiful country, and resided cd my taste for the French theatre, two winters (1757 and 1758) in the and that taite has perhaps abated my town or neighbourhood of Lausanne. idolatry for the gigantic genius of My desire of beholding Voltaire, Shakipeare, which is inculcated from whom I then rated above his real our infancy as the first duty of an magnitude, was eafily gratified. He Englishman. The wit and philosoreceived me with civility as an Eng- phy of Voltaire, his table and theatre, lifh youth; but I cannot boast of any refined, 'in a visible degree, the manpeculiar notice or distinction, Virgi- ners of Lausanne; and, however adlium vidi tantum.
dicted to study, I enjoyed my hare of
thie amusements of society. After the in the sciences and languages; and in representation of Monrepos I fome- her short visits to some relations at times fupped with the actors. I was Lausanne, the wit, the beauty, and now familiar in fome, and acquainted erudition of mad-moiselle Curchord in many houses; and my evenings were the theme of universal applause, were generally devoted to cards and The report of fuch a prodigy awaken converlation, either in private parties ed my curiofity; I saw and loved. I pr numerous allemblies,
found her learned without pedantry,
lively in conversation, pure in fentiInteresting Account of Mademoiselle Cure ment, and elegant in manners; and
the first sudden emotion was fortified. chard, afterward Wife of the cele
by the habits and knowledge of a more brated M. Necker.
familiar acquaintance. She permitted I HESITATE, from the apprehension me to make her two or three visits at of ridicule, when I approach the de- her father's house. I pafled some licate subject of my early love. By happy days there, in the mountains of this word I do not mean the polite Burgundy, and her parents honouraattention, the gallantry, without hope, bly encouraged the connection, or design, which has originated in the calm retirement the gay vanity of spirit of chivalry, and is interwoven youth no longer Auttered in her bowith the texture of French manners. som ; fhe listened to the voice of truth I underitand by this pallion the union and paffion, and I might presume to of desire, friendship, and tenderness, hope that I had made fome impression which is inflamed by a single female, on a virtuous heart, At Crassy and which prefers her to the rest of her Lausanne I indulged my dream of fex, and which seeks her posieflion as felicity: but on my return to Engthe supreme or the sole happiness of 'land, I soon discovered that my father our being. I need not bluth at recol- would not hear of this strange alliance, lecting the object of my choice; and and that without his consent I was though my love was disappointed of myself deftitute and helpless. After a. fuccefs, I am rather proud that I was painful struggle I yielded to my fate: once capable of feeling such a pure I sighed as a lover, I obeyed as a fon; and exalted sentiment. The personal my wound was insensibly healed by attractions of mademoiselle Susan time, absence, and the habits of a new Curchord were embellished by the life. My cure was accelerated by a virtues and talents of the mind. Her faithful report of the tranquillity and fortune was humble, but her family cheerfulness of the lady herfelf, and was respectable. Her mother, a na- 'my love subsided in friendship and tive of France, had preferred her re. esteem. The minister of Craffy foon ligion to her country. The profeffion afterward died; his ftipened died with of her fatier did not extinguish the mo- him: his daughter retired to Geneva, deration and philosophy of his temper*, where, by teaching young ladies, the and he lived content with a small fa- earned a hard sublistence for herself lary and laborious duty, in the obscure and her mother ; but in her lowest lot of minister of Crassy, in the moun- distress the maintained a spotless reputains that separate the Pays de Vaud tation, and a dignified behaviour. * A from the county of Burgundy. In rich banker of Paris, a citizen of Gethe solitude of a sequestered village he neva, had the good fortune and good bestowed a liberal, and even learned, sense to discover and possess this inestieducation on his only daughter. She mable treasure ; and in the capital of surpassed his hopes by her proficiency taste and luxury she resisted the temp
• It has been observed, that this is a scoff, neither dictated by the spirit of modera-, tion, nor by that of true philosophy.