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one or more credible witness or witnesses, or on confession of the offender; and one moiety thereof (hall be paid to the use of the penitentiary house, or other place of confinement, to which the offence more immediately relates, and the other moiety to the informer or informers prosecuting for the same; and in case of nonpayment, (hall be levied by distress and sale of the offender's goods and chattels, by warrant under the hands and seals of such justices; and the overplus of the money raised, after deluding the penalty, and the expences of the distress and sale, shall be rendered to the owner; and for want of sufficient distress the offender shall be sent by such justices to the prison of such county, riding, division, city, borough, town, or place, for such term, not exceeding six months, nor less than one month, as such justices shall think most proper.

Au ^ LXJX. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That in

Allowance to r , c , J It - * . ^

be made to the contideration of the great and disproportionate expences which county of the county' of Middlesex will probably incur, in providing for Middlesex for the temporary reception and maintenance of great numbers of their dispro- offenders as aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful for the comexpe^cesf missioners of his Majesty's treasury, or the high treasurer for the time being, to issue and allow to the treasurer of the said county, of Middle/ex, from time to time, till such certificate (hall be made as aforesaid, such sum or sums of money as (hall appear to be reasonable, in aid of such extraordinary expences, not exceeding the sum of three hundred pounds for one year, and so in* proportion for any longer or shorter time. Regulation LXX. And whereas the courts of assize, Nisi Prius, oyer and relative to the ter miner, and gaol delivery, for several counties at large in this lodgings of kingdom, are often held in or near cities or toiuns that are counties of the judges at themselves, and at the fame time with the like courts for the said county assizes. c'lt'les or f0wnS >y arid inconveniencies frequently arise, in transacting the business of the several courts, for that the lodgings of the judges are situate either only in the county at large, or only in the county of such city or ioivn; be it therefore further enacted, That whenever the courts of assize, nisi prius, oyer and terminer, or gaol delivery, for any county at large, in that part of Great Britain called England, (hall be held in or near any city or town that is also a county of itself, and at the same time with the like or any of the like courts for the said city or town, the lodgings of the judge or judges (hall be construed and taken to be situate both within the county at large, and also within the county of such city or town, for the purpose of carrying this act into execution, and of transacting the business of the assizes for such county at large, and for the county of such city or town, during the time that such judge or judges stiall continue therein for the execution of their several commissions. Persons pro- LXXI. And be it further enacted, That if any suit or action seemed under n^]] be prosecuted against any person or persons for any thing ^ead^he ge- done m Pur^uance of this act, such person or persons may plead Serai issue," the general issue, and give this act or the special matter in evidence at any trial to be had thereupon, and that the same was

done done by the authority of this act; and if a verdict shall pass for the defendant or defendants, or the plaintiff or plaintiffs (hall become nonsuit, or discontinue his, her, or their action or actions, after issue joined; or if on demurer, or otherwise, judgement shall be given against the plaintiff or plaintiffs, the and recover defendant or defendants shall recover treble costs, and have the treblfi colis« like remedy for the fame as any defendants have by law in other cafes; and though a verdict (hall be giving for any plaintiff, in any such action or suit as aforesaid, such plaintiff shall not have costs against the defendant, unless the judge, before whom the trial (hall be, shall certify his approbation of the verdict.

LXXIL And be it further enacted, That all actions, suits, Limitation of and prosecutions, to be commenced against any person or per- actions, sons for any thing done in pursuance of this act, shall be laid and tried in the county or place where the fact was committed, and shall be commenced within six months after the fact com- mitted, and not otherwise.

LXXIII. And be it further enacted, That an act, made and So much of passed in the sixteenth year of the reign of his present Majesty, 16 Ge<>- 3> intitled, An acl to authorise, for a limited time, the punijhment by ^uecU hard labour os offenders who, for certain crimes, are or stall become ]ates to^he ~ liable to be transported to any of his Majejlys colonies and planta- terms ofcontions; and which was continued by two subsequent acts, the dement of one made in the eighteenth year of the reign of his present ossend.ers Majesty, and the other in this present session of parliament, till the passfng of the first day of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy- this act. nine, shall, with regard to such offenders whose respective terms of confinement under and by virtue of the said acts are subsisting and unexpired at the passing of this act, continue and remain in force till the end or other determination of their said respective terms; the time limited for the expiration of the said acts, or any other matter or thing, to the contrary notwithstanding; save only that such offenders so confined shall, from and after the said first day of July, be subject to the orders and regulations herein-before contained, instead of those contained in the said former act.

LXXIV. And be it further enacted, That this act shall con- Continuance tinue in force until the first day of June, which mall be in the °^ th*s act* year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-four, and from thence to the end of the then next session of parliament, and no longer; except with regard to offenders whose respective terms of confinement under and by virtue of this act (hall be then subsisting and unexpired, with regard to whom it shall continue in force till the end ®r other determination of their respective terms,

CAP,

C A P. LXXV.

An acl for removing certain difficulties with respect to the more" speedy and effectual manning of his Majesty's navy for a limited time.

Preamble. \K7 HERE AS by several acts of parliament, persons under V V certain descriptions are protected from being impressed into his Majesty's service at sea: and zvhereas it is equally juji and expedient that such protections jhould not be used to obstruct the publick defence in an arduous and difficult conjuncture; be it therefore enacted by the King's most: excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the Part of an a6l same, That so much os an act, passed in the second year of the ? Annæ, for reign of her majesty Queen Anne, (intituled, An act for the inseamen6 &c • crease °sseamen> an& better encouragement of navigation, and security 1 '' of the coal trade), as grants any exemption or protection to any apprentice or other person from being impressed, or permitted andijGeo.2. or suffered to list or enter into his Majesty's sea service; and cap. 17 » a]fo one act passed in the thirteenth year of his late Majesty's reign, (intituled, An acl for the increase of mariners and seamen to and part of navigate merchant flips, and other trading /hips or vessels); and * Geo. 3, ajfQ r-0 much 0f an act? pasted in the second year of his Majesty's 15 * reign, (intituled, An acl for the better supplying the cities of London and Westminster with f/h, and to reduce the present exorbitant price thereof, and to prosed and encourage fishermen), as grants any protection to the persons therein described from being impressed and part of jnto his Majesty's service at sea; and also so much of an act ii Geo. 3, passed in the eleventh year of his Majesty's reign, (intituled, An Cap* 3 9 acl for the better support and establishment of the Greenland and Whale fishery,) as grants the like protection to the persons theresuspended for in described, shall be, and the same are hereby declared and 5 months, enacted to be of no force and effect, for and during the space of from June 16, ^ve ca}encjar months, to be computed from the sixteenth day I779' vijune, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine.

Exception in II. Provided nevertheless, That the suspension of the abovefavour os per- mentioned acts, so far as they relate to persons serving on board sons employed Qf ships anci vessels employed in the coal trade, shall not contrad^ COai tinue longer than one calendar month, to be computed from

the sixteenth day of June aforesaid. No person to III. And be it further enacted, That no person or persons bemoldtedfor shall be sued or molested for taking and impressing, or causing impressing, t0 De taken and impressed, within the time aforesaid, any perwithin the fon or persons for his Majesty's service at sea, contrary to the timealorelaid, r - in. c \\

contrary to provisions of the before recited acts, or any ot them,
the recite4
acts*

CAP. CAP. LXXVI.

An aft for augmenting the militia.

WHEREAS by an aft, made in the second year os the reign Preamble. os his present Majesty, intituled, An act to explain, amend, Recital of the and reduce into one act of parliament, the several laws now in militia act being relating to the raising and training the militia within that 4 Ge0* 3 * part of Great Britain called England; it is, amongst other things enafted, That the number of private men to be raised, by virtue of the said aft, in that part os Great Britain called England, the dominion of Wales, and town ^Berwick upon Tweed, shall consist of the numbers therein particularly mentioned: and ivhereas, in the present situation of publick affairs, it is highly necessary and expedient that the number of the militia forces should be augmented: and whereas by an aft,passed in the last sejsion of parliament, intituled, An act to andiSGeo. g» amend and render more effectual the laws relating to the raising cap' 59* and training the militia within that part of Great Britain called England-, and to establish certain regulations with respect to officers serving in the corps of fencible men directed to be raised in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, and certain other corps therein mentioned, // is enafted, That it stall and may be lawful for any of his Majesty's lieutenants to authorise the acceptance of any number of volunteers in any regiment or battalion of militia, and to appoint officers to command such volunteers, provided the number of such volunteers does not exceed the complement of any one company in any such regiment or battalion: and whereas it may be expedient further to extend the provisions of the /aid aft with refpeft to the raising volunteer companies in the militia forces of this kingdom; be it therefore enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the lame, That, from and Lord lieutenafter the passing of this act, if any person or persons, properly ants impower

quahfied according to the laws now in force, (hall offer to his e£t0 accePc T. m m o 'w of volunteer

Majesty's lieutenant of any county to raise one or more company companies, or companies to be added to the regiment or battalion of any and to appoint county or riding, it shall and may be lawful for his Majesty's officers therelieutenant to accept such offers, and to appoint such officers m* accordingly; and shall certify to his Majesty, his heirs or successors, the names and ranks of such officers, within one month after they shall be so appointed; and in cafe his Majesty, his heirs or successors, shall, within one month after such certificate laid before his Majesty, his heirs or successors, signify his or their disapprobation of any person to be such officer in the militia, his Majesty's lieutenant shall not grant a commission to such person, but shall grant commissions to such persons so appointed who shall not be disapproved of by his Majesty, his heirs or successors, as aforesaid; and on the certificate of his Majesty's Such GOmPalieutenant, or of the commanding officer of the regiment or IVtkd t^thT Vol. XXXII, G g battalion fame pay, &c. the other battalion to which such company or companies (hall be annexed* militiatorces. xhzt such company or companies are actually raised, such company or companies (hall be intitled to the fame allowance of bounty, subsistence money, arms, and clothing, as the rest of his Majesty's militia forces in this kingdom. Augmented And De n enacted, That when any such companies of

regiments not volunteers (hall be added to any regiment, such addition (hall to be made not make it necessary to separate such regiment into two battalitwobatta 10ns. ons^ ^ regjment (hau remain and continue one regi

ment.

Volunteer III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,

companies to That all and every the several laws, and all the rules, regulaaH thHaws° tlons5 penalties, forfeitures, clauses, matters, and things thereregulations' in contained, and now in force, or which (hall be passed in this &c now in session os parliament, relative to the raising, training, paying, lorce relating clothing, embodying, and calling out, the militia, shall be t0 the mllltia 5 applied^ practised, and put in execution, with respect to the additional volunteer companies by this act directed to be raised, in as full and ample manner as if the said several laws, rules, regulations, penalties, forfeitures, clauses, matters, and things, were herein again at large repeated and re-enacted in the body of this present act; save and except so far as the fame are altered' by any provisions contained in this act. and to be re- IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, duced when That all volunteer companies which (hall be raised in pursuance ft al "be dis °^ t^"1S ac^5 ^la^ ^e re<^ucec* anc* dissolved whenever the militia embodied &c. °f tne counties, ridings, and places, in which such companies (hall be raised, (hall be disembodied, or at such earlier period as his Majesty shall signify his pleasure to reduce such companies.

Continuance * V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That of this act. t]-j*ls act {hall be and continue in force until the first day of

December^ one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two, and no

longer.

CAP. LXXVIL

An act to enable the commissioners of his Majtsty's treasury to compound a debt due to the crown from James Gildart and his sureties, and for vesting the estates of the said James Gildart in Francis Gildart and Thomas Gildart; and for other purposes therein mentioned.

Preamble 5 recinng icveial bonds enteied into by James Gildart, and his sureties. A writ of extent issued by the court of exchequer. Commissioners of <he treasury impowered to compound with Francis Gildart and Thomas Gildart, for the money remaining due to the crown from James Gildart, a* receiver-general of the land tax, Sec. for Lancashire, or from his sut'Kks. Al! the estates, both real and personal, which James Gildart wa: possessed of or intitled to at the suing out of the extent; and also the1 estates which were devised as aforesaid by Richard Gildart, are vested in Francis Gddart and Thomas Gildart; subject to the payment of the composition herein mentioned for the debts aforesaid. Upon payment of the composition abovementioned, or giving security for the same, the /aid eitate< to be absolutely vested in them and their heirs, freed from all debts due from James Gildart to the crown, and from the bonds entered

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