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mon law sheets above specified, and charge their clients or employers double or treble the sum for drawing and ingr ojfmg such skins, calling the fame double and treble skins, and pretending that they insert twice or three times as much in quantity as they are obliged to do; and that, upon a taxation, they would be allowed as much as they have charged, reckoning the fame by the number of Jheets, by which means the client or employer, in/lead ofjudging of such charge by the number of skins, is liable to be imposed upon, and the revenue of samps materially injured and diminished, be it therefore further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That, from and aster the passing of this act, all Attornies, &c. attornies, solicitors, or other persons, shall make their several to charge their charges, at and after the known and usual rates, upon their clients by the client or employer, by the number of skins they (hall so ingross jj^TM or write, and not otherwise; and that if any attorney, solicitor, gtofs, accordor other person, shall, for the writing or ingrossing one skin of ing to the parchment only, charge any client or employer for double or uklal race5treble skins, or for more than.one skin, making his charge by Double or trethe sheet, or in any other manner than by the skin, under pre- ^ °^ara^. teace of having inserted in such one (kin or parchment a greater n° ^d ie' number of sheets than what they are obliged to do, or than what is usually done, or under any pretence whatsoever, such charge shall not be payable by the client; and further that every attor- but subject the

ney, solicitor, or other person, shall, for every such charge so P2rn ^^-*og

j 1 j J r c -. i 1 r c * to ^ the same to

made or demanded, forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds, with toe forfeiture

treble costs of suit, to any person or persons who snail inform of 10L

or sue for the fame, in any court of record, by action of debt,

bill, plaint, or information, wherein no eflbin, protection, or

wager of law shall be allowed.

XIII. Provided always, That nothing in this act contained The above snail extend, or be construed to extend, to the charge to be C:aufe not to made for the ingrosting any deed, the whole contents of which ^har"e for^ (hall not amount to the quantity or number of meets to be con- any^eed^the tained in two skins, reckoning the quantity in each skin accord- whoh of

ing to the number of sheets above specified. which shall not

XIV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, aTMounttothe rr^i -r r r ru i! \ J - , mazi quantity That if any person or penons lhall, at any time or tunes, be contained ia

sued, molested, or .prosecuted^ for anything by him or them twoskins.

done or executed in pursuance of this act, or of any clause, Persons sued

matter, or thing, herein contained, such person or persons (hall for any thing

and may plead the general issue, and give the special matter in ^one in Pur;

evidence, for his or their, defence; and if upon the trial a verdict a^mw lead

(hall pass for the defendant or defendants, or the plaintiff or the'o-eneral

plaintiffs shall become nonsuited, then such defendant or defen- issues

dants shall have treble costa awarded to him or them against such and recover

plaintiff or plantiffs- treble costs.

CAP.

CAR LXVII.

An ac! for the encouragement ofseamen, and the more speedy and essential manning his Majesty's Navy. Preamble. \\ T H E R E A S his M-jefiy, hy order in council, dated tin V V ^verity-ninth day of July, one thou/and seven hundred and seventy-eight, tvas pleased to order that general reprizals be granted against , the Jhips, goods, and subjects of the French King; :hhd that as well all his Majesty s fleets and ships, as also all other ships and vessels that fall be commissioned, hy letters of marque or general reprizals, or otherwise hy his Maj'efly's commissioners for executing the office of lord high admiral of Great Britain, stall and may lawfullyJtize all Jhips, vtjjels. and goods, belovgi?ig to the French King, or his fubjeels, or others inhabiting within any the territories of the French King, and bring the fame to judgement in any of the courts of admiralty within bis Majesty s-dominions■% now, for the encouragement of the officers and seamen of his Majesty s ships of war, and the officers and seamen of all other British ships and vessels having commissions and letters of marque, and for inducing all British seamen who may be in any foreign Jcrvice to return into this kingdom, and become serviceable to his M'jesty \ and for the more effieclual securing and extending the trade of his Majeflys fubjecls; be it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parPrizes made Jiament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the by the King's fl3g officers, commanders, and other officers, seamen, marines^ ihips to be di- 2nJj foyers, on board every ship and vessel os war in his Majesty's vided between nil , , r \ n. i c i • ^^ \ J

the captors. PaY> *"a^ nave tne *°'e interest and property or and in all and every ship, vessel, goods, and merchandizes, which they have taken since the twenty-ninth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-eight, or mall hereafter take during the continuance of hostilities against France, after the fame (hall have been finally adjudged lawful prize to his Majesty, in any of his Majesty's courts of admiralty in Great Britain, or in his Majesty's plantain ns^hls01*" ^ons m America, or elsewhere; to be divided in such proportiMajetty aU ons'an^ a^ter mcn manner, as his Majesty hath, by his proclamareadyordered, tion of the sixteenth day of September last, already ordered and or to be here- directed, or as his Majesty, his heirs and successors, mall think after ordered, £t tQ orcjer ancj direct, by proclamation or proclamations t\on. ama~ hereafter to be issued for those purposes.

Admiralt to ^nc^ ^e n ^urtner enacted by the authority aforesaid, That

issueeommis- the lord high admiral of Great Britain, or the commissioners for iions to priva- executing the office of lord high admiral of Great Britain for the teers, on the t;me being, or any three or more of them, or any person or owners giving perfons by him or them impowered and appointed, shall, at the curity1" G" request of any owner or owners of any (hip or vessel, giving such bail and security as is herein-after mentioned and expressed, cause to be issued forth in the usual manner one or more commission or commissions to any person or persons whom such owner or owners (hall nominate to be commander, or, in cafe of

death death, successively commanders of such (hip or vesiel, for the attacking, surprizing, seizing., and taking, by and* with such ship or vessel, or with the crew thereof, any place or fortress upon the land, or any (hip or vessel, goods, ammunition, arms, stores of war, or merchandize, belonging to or possessed by any os his Majesty's enemies, upon the land, or in any lea, creek, haven, or river; and that such ship or (hips, vessel or vessels, or Prizes made any arms, ammunition, stores of war, goods, and merchandizes by such comwhatsoever, with all their furniture, tackle, and apparel, so to fjjj^0^6^dj betaken by or with such private (hip or vessel, according to between such commission or commissions, after final adjudication as the owners lawful prize in any of his Majesty's courts of admiralty as afore- and captors, said, and not before, [hall wholly and entirely belong to and be acfordin§ to divided between and among the owner and owners of such ship or {^ct.^ C0A" vessel, and the several persons who shall be on board the same, and be aiding and assisting to the taking thereof, in such shares and proportions as mall be agreed upon with the owner or owners of such ship or vessel as shall-be the captor thereof, their agents or factors, as the proper goods and chattels of such owner or owners, and the persons who ihall be intitled thereto by virtue of such agreements among themselves; and that neither his Majesty, his heirs or successors, or any admiral, vice-admiral, governor, or other person, commissioned by or claiming under his Majesty, his heirs or successors, or any person or persons whatsoever, other than the owner or owners of such (hip or vessel, being the captor of such prize, ship, or vessel, arms, ammunition, stores of war, goods, and merchandizes, and the persons claiming under him or them, (hall be intitled to any part or (hare thereof, (except as to the customs and duties payable by any act or acts of parliament:) any custom, statute, or other law, to the contrary notwithstanding.

III. Provided always, That nothing in this act contained shall No commit intitle any ssiip having a commission, and which ihall receive or- iioned ship, to dets from, and put herself under the convoy of any of his Ma-* havesoa'&ist jesty's (hips or vessels, to sha-re in any prize or prizes taken by wh^lefhe^s such convoy, or by such (hip having a commission, whilst the under convoy* said commissioned Ihip shall remain under the care and protection of such convoy.

IV. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all AU prize prize ships or vessels which (hall be legally condemned, (hall, to ^'ps hgally all intents and purposes whatsoever, be considered as britistV ft all* bTdee inbuilt (hips or vessels, and be deemed and taken as such, and ed Britishstiali be entitled to have and enjoy all and every the fame rights, built (hips* liberties, privileges, and advantages, in all respects whatsoever,

with built (hips or vessels, and shall be subject and liable

to all and every the rules and regulations that Bfiti/b-buWt (hips or vessels are subject and liable to; any law, custom, or usage, to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding.

V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That Admiralty it (hall and may be lawful to and for the lord high admiral of m^ rrv,°*e Great Britain, or the commissioners for executing the office of «rTMTM d'to *

Vol. XXXII. , A a lord Privateers

Secretary of the admiralty to give notice or luch revocation to the owners, &c.;

*ho may complain thereof to his Majesty in council.

When any or-
der of revoca-
tion shall be
superseded,
commission
mall be deem-
ed to have
continued in
force.
Pi oviso.

Bail, &c. to be taken before granting any commission.

lord high admiral of Great Britain for the time being,- or any three or more of them, at any time,or times hereafter, to. revoke and make void, by any order or orders, in writing under his or their hand or hands, any commission or commissions which hath, have been, or (hall be issued forth to any person or persons who hath, have been, or (hall be nominated commander or commanders of any (hip or vessel, either in pursuance of his Majesty's aforesaid order in council, or this.present act.

VI. Provided nevertheless, That the secretary of the admiralty for the time being shall, with all convenient speed after any and every such commifiion (hall be so revoked, cause notice thereof in writing to be forthwith sent to the owner or owners, or agent or agents, or surety or sureties, or some one of them, of the (hip or vessel named or described in such order of revocation \ and in case such (hip or vessel (hall be in the channel, the said order of revocation (hall be effectual to supersede and annul the said commission at the expiration of twenty days from and after such notice given as aforesaid, or sooner, if notice (hall be actually given in writing, by the secretary of the admiralty, to the captain or commander thereof; and in case such (hip or vessel (hall be in the northern seas, at the expiration of thirty days; and in cafe such ship or vessel (hall be to the southward of Cape Finijierre^ or in the Mediterranean^ at the expiration of six weeks; and in cafe such ssiip or vessel (hall be in North America^ or the West Indies^ at the expiration of three months; and in cafe such ship or veflel (hall be in the East Indiesy at the expiration of six months: and any commander or commanders, owner or owners, agent or agents, surety or sureties , of any such ship or veflel, whereof such commission or commissions, issued or to.be issued forth as aforesaid, (hall be so revoked, may complain thereof to his Majesty in council, within thirty days next after the secretary of the admiralty for the time being shall cause notice thereof to be given as aforesaid; and the determination of his Majesty in council touching every such complaint (hall be final.

VII. Provided always, That in cafe any such order of revocation (hall be superseded, such commission (hall be deemed and taken to have continued in force; and all prizes taken by virtue thereof shall belong to.and be the property of such owners and captors, in such manner as the fame would have been in-cafe such order of revocation had not been made.

VIII. Provided also, That no person (hall be liable to be punished for doing, before he (hall have received personal notice of such order of revocation, any matter or thing which he might have lawfully done under the authority of such commission, in case such order of revocation had not heen made.

IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That, before the granting or issuing of any commission in pursuance of this act, such bail and security (hall be taken as have been usual upon the granting or issuing of commissions for private ships of war j and that, previous to the taking of such bail

and and security, the persons who propose to be bound and give such security* shall severally make oath, before the judge os the high court of admiralty of England, or judge of any vice-admiralty court in his Majesty's colonies or plantations, or his surrogate, or other person pr persons by such judge or surrogate lawfully com mi (Honed, that, at the time of their being sworn, they are respectively worth more money than the sum for which they are then to be bound, over and above all their just debts; and moreover the marshal of the said high court of admiralty, or any vice-admiralty court in his Majest'ys colonies or plantations, for the time being, or his deputy, or the person or persons so commissioned as aforesaid, is or are hereby required and directed to make diligent enquiry into, and satisfy himself or themselves of the sufficiency of such bail and security, and make a report thereof to the said judge, or his surrogate, before any luch commission (hall be granted or issued.

X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, All persons That all and every person and persons, who (hall apply to the applying for said lord high admiral, or commissioners for executing the office o"y^set^^ 6fjord high admiral for the time being, or any person or per- jn writing an. sons by him or them impowered and appointed, in order to exact dcscnpobtain any commission to be granted or issued forth in pursuance tion osthevesof this act, thai] make every such application in writing; and ^^be^of0' therein set forth a particular, true, and exact description-os the gUns> &c# ship or vessel for which such commission is requested, specifying the burthen of such ship or vessel, and the number and nature of the guns on board the fame, to what place belonging, and the name of names of the principal owner or owners of such ship or vessel, and the number of men intended to be put on board the same; (all which particulars shall be inserted in every commission to be granted or issued in pursuance of this act ;) and Commanders that every commander of a private snip or vessel of war, for °f commflioawhich a commission shall be granted or issued in pursuance of e^0^^ -p this act, (hall produce such commission to the collector, cuf- commissions to tomer, of searcher for the time being, of his Majesty's customs, the collector, residing at of belonging to the port from whence such ihip or &c of she vessel shall be first fitted out, or to the lawful deputy or depu- cultom6; ties of such collector, customer or searcher; and the'said col- whoareto lector, customer, searcher, or his or their lawful deputy or de- examinefu-cfe puties, shall, as soon thereafter as conveniently may be, with- ships; out fee of reward, inspect and examine such (hip or vessel so as to ascertain the burthen thereof, and the number of men., and number and nature of the guns on board the fame; and if such and if found ship or vessel shall thereupon be found to be of such burthen, agreeable to and be manned and armed according; to the renor of thedescrip- the d^scnP"

. . - r 1 • r 1 • ,-r- r r • V t r tlCHWtQ grant

tion inierted in such commission as aforesaid, or be ot a greater a certificate burthen or force than shall be mentioned in such commistion, thereof, then such collector, customer, or searcher, of his or their lawful deputy or deputies, shall, and he and they is and are hereby . required immediately, upon the request of the commander of such ship or vessel, to give a certificate thereof, in writing under

A a 2 his

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