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powered to summon and examine witnesses, upon oath, and finally to hear and determine the fame; and in cafe of conviction, to issue warrants for levying the penalties as aforesaid. Justices may XXXVII. Provided nevertheless, That it (hall and maybe muigate the lawful to and for the said respective justices, where they (hall penalties. fee cause, to mitigate and lessen any such penalties as they (hall think sit, reasonable costs and charges of the officers and informers, as well in making the discovery as in prosecuting the same, being always allowed over and above such mitigation, . and so as such mitigation do not reduce the penalties to less than double the duties over and above the said costs and charges; any thing contained in this act, or any other act of parliament, to the contrary notwithstanding. Rece*ver-ge- XXXVIII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore

neral ot said, That the several duties herein-before granted (hall be ltamp-d ities •] r • • • i r » to ,

to pay the paid, trom time to time, into the hands or the receiver-general

duties granted for the time being of the duties on stamped vellum, parchment, by this act and paper, who (hall keep a separate and distinct account of the into the ex- several rates and duties, and pay the fame (the necessary charges cuquer. ^ raising, paying, and accounting for the same, being deducted) into the receipt of the exchequer, at such time, and in such manner, as the duties, now charged on stamped vellum, parchment or paper, are directed to be paid; and that in the office of Auditor to the auditor of the said receipt (hall be provided and kept a book keep a fepa- or books, in which ail the monies arising from the said several tbereofC°Unt rates anc* duties, and paid into the said receipt as aforesaid, (hall be entered separate and apart from all other monies paid or payable to his Majesty, his heirs or successors, upon any account whatsoever; and the said money, so paid into the said recept of exchequer as aforesaid, (hall, together with such other rates, duties, and revenues, as (hall be granted by any act or acts of this session of parliament for this purpose, be a fund for the payment of the several annuities, and all such other charges and expences as are directed to be paid and payable pursuant to an act of this present session of parliament, (intituled, An aft for raising a certain sum of money by way of annuities, and for establishing a lottery*)

Part os sn act XXXIX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, of 9 /Vnnæ re- That so much of an act, made in the ninth year of the reign of pealed. ^er jate majefty Queen Anne> ( intituled, An aft for establishing a

general post-office for all her Majesty''s dominions, and for settling a weekly sum out os the revenues thereof for the service of the war,' and other her Majesty's occasions,) as restrains any persons, other than the postmaster-general for the time being, and the respective deputies and substitutes of such postmaster-general, from preparing or providing, or from letting to hire, or furnishing horses or furniture for riding post within this kingdom, (hall be, and the fame is hereby repealed and made void. Persons sued XL. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, tor any thing That if any person or persons shall at any time or times be sued, doae in put- molested, or prosecuted, for any thing by him or them done or

executed executed in pursuance of this act, or of any clause, matter, or suance 0f this thing, herein contained, such person or persons shall and may act, may plead plead the general issue, and give the special matter in evidence ?{le general for his or their defence; and if upon the trial a verdict shall pass and%ecover for the defendant or defendants, or the plaintiff or plaintiffs be- trebie c0#Sf come nonsuited, then such defendant or defendants shall have treble costs awarded to him. or them against such plaintiff or or plaintiffs.

CAP. LIL

An a ft for taking off the duty upon all salt used in the curing of pilchards, and laying a proportionable duty upon all pilchards consumed at home only.

WH E R E A S, by an acl of parliament, passed in the fifth Preamble. year of the reign of hh late majesty King George the first, intituled, An act for recovering the credit of the British fishery Recital of au in foreign parts, and for better securing the duties on salt, pilcb- act 5Geo- «• ards cured for exportation are exempted from the payment of any duty on salt to his Majefiy, except the customs payable on the importation thereof: And whereas of late times the pilchard fishery hath been so much increased, that the demands of foreign markets have been found insufficient to take off and vend the quantities of pilchards cured at a Price adequate to encourage and preserve a fishery so valuable: And whereas, upon a serious view and investigation of the state of the said fishery, there is reason to hope that the same may be preserved, and carried on in its full extent, if, under proper regulations, a reasonable abatement were made in the duty on salt used in the curing of all such pilchards as may be appropriated for home consumption; be After ju| it therefore enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by 1779> dunes and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and tern- on salt used in poral, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and cur'»g pilch by the authority of the same, That, from and after the fifth day l^umn^T of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, the to ceased"0"' duties now payable on salt used in curing of pilchards for home consumption, (hall cease, determine, and be no longer paid.

II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That New oath to at the beginning of every fishing season for pilchards, the pro- be taken by prietor or proprietors of the salt delivered duty-free for the cur- the proprieing of pilchards for exportation, pursuant to the said act, or his r.ors °j jltde" or their agent or agents, shall, instead of the oath required by the ^Ilt t\^l'e, said act, make oath, in writing, before the officer for the duty ginning of the on salt, at the office nearest to the place where the salt is lodged, fishing season (who is hereby impowered to administer the fame,) declaring for Puchard* the quantity of the foreign or Briti/h salt respectively lodged for the curing of fish, and that all the said salt is intended for the curing of fish for exportation only, and shall not, by his or their order, consent, or connivance, directly or indirectly, be sold, given away, or any way delivered, but for the purpose aforesaid, except so much thereof as (hall be used for curing such pilchards

ards as shall be entered with the office of the place for home consumption, and charged with the duties by this act chargeable

Pilchards for
home con-
sumption to
be entered at
the next salt-
efBce;
and a duty
of 5 J. a d.
halfpenny to
be paid for
every calk of
50 gallons.

Nocurertosell
less than
15 gallons at
a tim?.

On entry and
payment of
the duty,
&c. a permit
to be given
gratis tiy the
ialt-officer.

Penalty on
felling in less
quantities
than above-
mentioned,

Retailers of pilchards not

thereon.

III. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every curer of pilchards, from and after the fifth day of Jufy, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, before he removes any pilchards (except for exportation) from the office, cellar, or place, where the fame shall be cured, 'shall, from time to time, make entry thereof at the next salt office; and snail pay to his, Majesty, his heirs and successors, a duty of five (hillings and two-pence halfpenny for every cask or barrel, containing fifty gallons of cured pilchards, so to be removed, and so in proportion for a greater or less quantity, in lieu and full satisfaction of any other duty imposed or laid on Britijb or foreign salt, to his Majesty, in respect of pilchards cured as aforesaid, for home consumption; and that no such curer shall sell a less quantity than twenty five gallons of pilchards at any one time; and that such pilchards shall be packed or put up in casks, each cask not containing less than twenty-five gallons, and the contents of such cask (hall be marked on the heads thereof, by the proper officer of the commissioners of the salt duties; and upon entry and payment of the duty, and marking such casks as aforesaid, a permit shall be given gratis by the salt-officer, expressing the contents of the casks for the which the duty (hall be paid, as aforesaid, and the marks of such casks, and for what place the fame are intended, and whether to be sent by land or water carriage; on pain of forfeiting all the pilchards that shall, be fold in less quantities than herein-before mentioned, or that shall be removed or carried away before entry is made, and the duty paid, and without the casks containing such quantity of pilchards at the least, and being marked, and such permit obtained as aforesaid, and of the cask or vessel in which such pilchards (hall be found, and also the sum of forty (hillings for every twenty-five gallons of pilchards so sold or removed, and so in proportion for a greater or less quantity, to be recovered from the person or persons who shall so sell, remove, or carry away, the same ; ono moiety thereof for the use of his Majesty, his heirs and successors, and the other moiety to the officer or officers who (hall seize, sue, or inform for the fame, to be sued for, recovered, and levied, in such manner and form, and with such power of mitigation, as any sine, penalty, or forfeiture, may be sued for, recovered, levied, and mitigated, by any law of excise, or by action of debt, bill, plaint, or information,-in any of his Majesty's courts of record at Wejlminjler; and all and every officer and officers of his Majesty's customs, excise, or duties upon fait, are hereby authorised and impowered to seize all such pilchards so fold in less quantities than herein-before mentioned, or removed" or carried away before entry and payment of duty, and all other things performed as aforesaid, and the said casks or vessels wherein they shall be found.

IV, And be it further enacted, That no person or persons

purcha*purchasing pilchards to fell by retail (hall, at any one time, buy to bay less a less quantity than twenty-five gallons, and {hall also be ob- than a5 galliged, upon demand, or inquiry made of him or them for that purpose, by any officer or officers of the customs or excise, in discover the some reasonable time of the day, to discover to such officer or names ofthe officers the name or names, and place or places of abode, of the curers. curer or vendor of any quantity or quantities of pilchards then in his possession 3 and that if any such retailer shall purchase a less Penalty, quantity of pilchards than is before mentioned, or shall, upon such demand or inquiry, refuse to discover the name and place of abode of any such curer or vendor, every person so offending shall, in each case, forfeit the quantity or quantities of pilchards so purchased, or respecting which such demand or inquiry shall be made, and the cask or casks (if any) wherein the fame shall be contained, and also the sum of forty shillings, to be recovered by the ways or means, and in manner herein-before mentioned or directed,

'V. And be it further enacted, That the proprietor or pro- Proprietors of prietors of the salt delivered duty-fee for curing pilchards for salt delivered exportation, his, her, or their agent or agents, (hall in the ac- ^Ichcourit- which, after the end of every fishing season, they are to ards for exdeliver in writing into the salt-office, containing the quantity of portation,are, fish exported, or entered and (hipped to be exported, on which m their acthe salt taken away, after its delivery into the sole custody of the ^"oV^ne^ said proprietor or-proprietors, his, her, or their agent or agents, season, to ex* has been used or consumed, as by the former law is directed, press the (and under the penalties thereby prescribed,) express also the quantity enquantity os pilchards entered for home consumption, on which j^^^on such salt has been used or consumed. sumption, on

VI. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That in cafe which such the duties of excise on salt, (which now amount to three solt has been shillings and four-pence per bushel on home-made salt, and six usec1'

shillings and eight-pence per bushel on foreign salt,) or any of V\ca 1 % ,b , ,i u i 1 1 b 1 , 1- J duties on salt

them, inal] ceale, determine, or be redeemed by parliament, should be lessthen the rate or duty of five shillings and two-pence halfpenny ened, then for every cask or barrel, containing fifty gallons, hereby impos- tne aforesaid ed upon cured pilchards for home consumption, shall cease, or chords"shall be lessened in proportion to the duties on salt that shall so cease, De lessened in determine, or be redeemed > any thing herein contained to the proportion, contrary notwithstanding.

CAP. LIU.

An aft for discontinuing the duties on cotton-wool, the growth and producl of the Britiih colonies or plantations in America, exported

om this kingdom.

WHEREAS the importation of cotton wool, the growth and Gamble. product of'the British colonies and plantations in America, may. be increased, and the manufacture thereof promoted and encouraged^ if the duties now payable on the exportation thereof from this kingdom are discontinued 5 be it therefore enacted by the King's most

excels

After June 24,
1779, the du-
ties on the ex-
portation of
cotton-wool,
the growth of
the British co-
lonies in Ame-
rica, shall
cease.

The aforesaid
cotton-wool
to be duly en-
tered, and
stepped in the
presence of
proper offi-
cers, &c. or
otherwise li-
able to the
duty.

excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That, from and after the twenty-fourth day of June, one thousand seyen hundred and seventy-nine, the duties now payable upon cottonwool, the growth or produce of the Briti/h colonies or planta^ tions in America, exported from this kingdom to any parts beyond the seas, shall cease, determine, and be no longer paid or payable; any law, custom, or usage, to the contrary notwithstanding.

II. Provided always, and it is hereby further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That due entries shall be madesat the custom house of all such cotton-wool, in the same manner and form^ expressing the quantities and qualities thereof, as was used and practised before the making of this act; and such cotton-wool shall be shipped outwards in the presence of the proper officers of the customs appointed for that purpose; and the exportation thereof shall be in Bn///7>built ships or vessels, navigated according to law; and on failure of the said conditions and directions, or any or either of them, the said cotton-wool shall be liable to the same duty as if this act had never been made; any thing herein-before contained to the contrary notwithstand

C A P. LIV.

An aft for further continuing, for a limited time, an aft, made in the sixteenth year of the reign of his present Majesty, intituled, An act to authorise, for a limited time, the punishment, by hard labour, of offenders who, for certain crimes, are or sliall become liable to be transported to any of his Majesty's colonies and plantations.

WHEREAS an aft of parliament was made in the sixteenth year of the reign of his present Majejly, intituled, an act to authorise, for a limited time, the punishment, by hard labour, of offenders who, for certain crimes, are or shall become liable to be transported to any os his Majesty's colonies and plantations: And whereas the said aft ivas continued, by an aft made in the laji session os parliament, until the frft day os June one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine: and whereas it is expedient further to continue the said firjl> mentioned aft for a further time to be limited \ be it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That the said act shall be, and is hereby continued till further continued from the said first day of June, until the first July i,i779' day of July, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine.

Preamble.

*6Geo. 3, Cap'. 43, re cited,

and further

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