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How lacemakers may recover debts due to them for lace fold, or for making thereof.
Persons aggrieved may appeal to the quarter sessions;
on giving T4. days notice.
the charges attending the recovery thereof, shall be sooner paid and satisfied. ,
III. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and aster the said twenty-fourth day os June, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, if any sum or sums of money shall be due and owing to any person or persons employed in the making of any bone or thread lace, for his or her labour, or for the purchase of any such lace, every such person shall and may apply to any justice of the peace for the county, city, or place, where the cause of complaint mall arise; and in case it shall, upon the oath ot the party complaining, (which oath such justice is hereby impowered to administer), appear to such justice that such money is due and owing as aforesaid, then such justice shall and is hereby authorised and required to cause the same to be levied and recovered in the same manner as the forfeiture herein-besore imposed is directed to be levied and recovered.
IV. Provided always, That if any person (hall think himself or herself aggrieved by any thing done in pursuance of this act, it shall and may be lawful for any such person to appeal lo the justices of the peace, at any general quarter sessions to be holden for the county, city, or place, where the act, order, or proceeding, appealed against shall be made or done, within six calendar months next after the making or doing thereof, the person appealing first giving fourteen days previous notice to the person or persons in whose favour such act, order, or proceeding, (hall be made or done, of his or her intention to bring such appeal; and the justices at such quarter sessions are hereby authorised and required to hear and determine the matter of every such appeal, anc! to make such order therein, and to award stub costs to either party, as they shall think proper, and by their order or warrant to levy the costs which (hall be so awarded by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the person or persons liable to pay the fame, rendering the overplus (if any) to the owner or owners of such goods and chattels, after deducting: the reasonable charges of such distress and sale; and the determination of the justices in the said quarter sessions shall be final, binding, and conclusive upon all the parties.
'An a 51 for more effectually preventing frauds by private distillers % and for the better securing the duties on low wines and spirits.
HERE A S the duties on low wines and spirits are greatly diminished^ and the fair trader much injured, by means of small fills privately made use of for making and distilling low wines and spirit';; and whereas ^ notivithstanding the many laws already ?nade for securing these duties ^ and for protesting the fair trader^ many gross frauds are daily practised by evil-minded and indigent persons^ who are encouraged in such practices from the great length of time
allowed allowed by those laws for the payment of the duties arising from low wines and spirits-, now, for remedy of these mischiefs, be it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent os the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authori-. ty of the same, That, from and after the twenty-fourth day of June, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, every per- After June 24, son or persons making or keeping any wash fit for distillation, pessJn makand having in his, her, or their occupation, possession, or custo- jng wash for dy, any still or stills, the cubick contents of which, when the distillation, \ head is on, will amount to two gallons-or upwards, proof being ^ ^n^^m thereof made, by the oath of" one or more credible witness or Gf the witnesses, before any one or more of the commissioners of excise cubick confer the time being, or before one or more of his Majesty's justi- tents of two ces of the peace, who are hereby respectively impowered to ad- Saj°"^e^*11 minister the same, mall be deemed and taken to be common commondifdistillers for sale, and (hall be liable to the several rates and tiller, &c. duties of excise, and be subject to the survey of the officers of excise, and to the several penalties, fines and forfeitures, imposed by act or acts of parliament now in force, in any wise_relating to distillers; any law, statute, or usage, to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
II. And whereas, by an aft, passed in the tenth and eleventh years Recital of ro of the reign of King William the thirds intituled, An act to pro- & 11 Gul* 3» hibit the excessive distilling of spirits and low wines from corn, caP* and against the exporting of beer and ale, and to prevent frauds in distillers, it was, amongfl other things, enabled, That if any officer of excise should, under the authority of a ivarrant from a justice of the peace, discover and find any private and concealed fill, back, or vessel, spirits, low wines, or materials preparing for distillation, that in such case every such still, back, or other vessel, and also such spirits, low wines, and materials for dift'illation, should be absolutely for felted, and that the person or persons claiming the fame should forfeit, for every place in xvhich such still, back, or other vest feljfhould be found, and also for every such Jlill, back, or other vessel, found therein, the sum of tuoo hundred pounds: and whereas by one other acl, passed in the tenth and eleventh years of the reign of King William the third, intituled, An act for laying further duties up- and cap, it. on sweets5 and for lessening the duties as well upon vinegar as upon certain low wines and whale fins, and the duties upon brandy imported; and for the more easy raising the duties upon leather; and for charging cinders; and for permitting the importation of pearl alhes; and for preventing abuses in the brewing of beer and ale, and frauds in the importation of tobaecto ; it was enacted, That the proprietor of any private still, bad, or other vessel, which should be discovered, according to the directions of the before recited acl, or the person in whose custody the same should be found, should forfeit and lose, for every such still, back, and other vessel, the sum of two hundred pounds: and whereas it may be doubted whether, upon the discovery and finding of private and concealed Jl ills ^ backs, and other vessels, and of spirits> low wines, or
T ^ materials.
materials, preparing for distillation, by any officer or officers of excise not having a warrant from a justice of the peace, such private and concealed /fills, backs, or other vessels, spirits, low wines, or materials preparing for distillation, are forfeited, and liable to be seized by such officer, and ivhether the proprietor of such private and concealed stills, backs, or other vejfeh, Jo discovered, or the persons hi whose custody or possession the fame shall be found, are liable and subfed to the said penalty of two hundred pounds: now, to obviate all Officer of ex- such doubts, be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, ciic discover- That it any officer or officers of excise shall at any time discover vat3 still anC* ^nC* Pr"lvate or concealed still, back, or other vessel, or any mate- ^or tne ma'ring, preparing, or keeping of wash, low wines, or rials preparing spirits, or other materials preparing for distillation, then, and for distillation, in every such case, it (hall be lawful for such officer to seize may seize the every such'still, back, or other Vessel, and all such low wines, lame. spirits, wash, and other materials, preparing for distillation,
which he shall so find and discover, and either to detain and keep the same in the house or place where found, or to remove the same to the office of excise next to the place where he (hall If the said stills so rind and discover the same; and in case the same (hall not, &c. hi not, within ten days next after fuen seizure, be claimed by the true ds^ cla med 2nc* ^avv^u^ owner thereof, then the said stills, backs, and other by the owner, venreJs? spirits, low wines, wash, and other materials preparing they shall be for distillation, shall be absolutely forfeited: and the proprietor iodeited * and Gf any such private and concealed back, still, or other vessel, or
^e4ofPcrCthe<the pers°Q in whose custody the same sna11 be found> ^a!1 forpcrfbni'nwhose*^eit and l°se?s°r every place in which any such private still, back, custody they and other vessel, (hall be found, and also for every such still, , are toun.^fhall back, and other vessel found therein, the sum of two hundred f-ti?culaseaCh Pounds: and *f any Pesf°n or persons snail obstruct, oppose, vn^cu r, molest, or hinder, the officers of excise, or others acting in Pe.r-i 1 fy on their assistance, in the due seizing such private stills, backs, and obstructing other vessels, spirits, low wines, wash, or other materials preofiicers in paring for distillation, or in removing the fame, or any of them, idizing-such after seizure, to the next office of excise, as aforesaid; thA), and in every st>ch case, every person so offending mall forfeit and lose the sum of one hundred pounds. No person to Iff. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, make entry That, from and after the twenty-fourth day of June, one h<.TM-osCQ;\\l thousand scv'en hundred and seventy-nine, no person or persons for ma kin whatsoever shall be permitted to make entry of any workhouse jow uints& or place, or of any still or utensil for making, distilling, or keeper spirits un- ing of low wines or spirits, unless such person or persons (hall
i^'cu'" a'^ene occupy a tenement or tenements of the yearly value of ten m'enfof lo/f Pounds, or upwards, and for which he, (he, or they, mail acper ami. and cordingly be assessed in their own name, and shall also pay to snail pay to the parish rates in the several paristies or places in which they p^n/li rates. jnajj respectively reside; and that no entry of any workhouse, place, still, or utensil, for making, distilling, and keeping, of Jow wines and spirits, then made, or thereafter to be made, of any such workhouse, place,-still, or utensih shall be of any avail
to any person not so qualified, or for any longer time than the person or persons so making entry (hail be qualified, as aforesaid ; and every person making or distilling low wines or spirits, and not qualified as aforesaid, sliall notwithstanding any entry by him, her, or them made, be deemed and taken to be persons making and distilling low wines and spirits without entry, and (hall be subject to the like penalties and forfeitures as persons making and distilling low wines and spirits without entry are, by the statutes in such case made and provided, now subject unto.
IV. And) for the more effectual securing the duties on low wines -Distillers to .andspirits, made and distilled within Great Britain, be it further ^eel^y"of all enacted by the authority aforesaid, That, from and after the the wash used twenty-fourth day os June, one thousand seven hundred and by them in seventy-nine, all and every person whatsoever, who shall make making low «r distill low wines or spirits, (hall, weekly and every week, r''ners and make a true entry in writing at the next oslice or excise, wrthin
the limits of which the said Jow wines or spirits are by him or them respectively made or distilled, of all the wash by him, her, or them, respectively used for the making of low wines and spirits, within each week, on pain to forfeit, for every neglect of making such true entry, the sum of ten pounds.
V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, distillers not That every distiller who shall not pay and clear off within a duties week after he, she, or they, shall have made his, her, or their ^fter mry^ entry, or ought to have made his, her, or their entry as afore- to pay double, said, (hall pay double the value of the duty.
VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Certain words That, from and after the said twenty-fourth day of June, one t0 be painted -thousand seven hundred and seventy-nine, every maker, distil- ^d^oor^f Jer, rectifier, and com pounder, of spirits, who shall make, every ltilfdistill, rectify, or compound, any spirituous liquors for sale with- house, (sorein Great Britain, shall cause to be painted, in durable large legi- houle, <xc„ ble characters, over the outward door of each an-d every stilJ
house, storehouse, warehouse, (hop, cellar, vault, and other place
by him, her, or them, respectively made use of for the making
or keeping of British-mads spirituous liquors, the words dijliller, on forfeiture
register, or compounder oj spirituous liquors, (as the cafe may be;) of io.o/»
upon pain of forfeiting, for every such still house, storehouse,
warehouse, shop, cellar, vault, or other place, which, from and
after the said twenty-fourth day of June, one thousand seven
hundred and seventy-nine, (hall be so made use of by such
maker, distiller, rectifier, or compounder, without having the
said words so painted as aforesaid, the sum of one hundred
VII. And it is hereby further enacted by the authority afore- Penalty on said, That if any person who (hall either make, distill, rectify., buy'mgBritiOa. or compound, any Britisb-mz&t spirituous liquors for sale, or m*de 'Pirits who (hast fell or deal in any fort of spirituous liquors, shall re- othe^tn^fr ceive or buy, or procure or employ any person to receive or distiller, &c, buy for him, her, or them, or for his, her, or their use, any who has the Briti/b-mzfa spirituous liquors, (except at the publick sales of before-men
T4 foch tioned words pointed over such BritiJb-\mAe spirituous liquors as have been condemned, onSsstiU- r and are sold under the direct»°n of the commissioners of excise,) louse, &c„ °f any Person or persons other than a maker, distiller, rectifier, Exception* or c°mpounder of spirituous liquors for sale, over the outward door of whose stillhouse, storehouse, warehouse, mop, cellar, vault, or ther place by him, her, or them, respectively made u(e of for the making or keeping of British-vrndz spirituous liquors, shall be painted as aforesaid, the words distiller, reftisier, or compounder of spirituous liquors, as the cafe may be ; every such person so offending mall forfeit and lose, for every such offence, the sum of fifty pounds. Either boy er VIII. And, for the more effectual discovery of such offenders, be foVmin" a* il further enacted by the aurhority. aforesaid, That the offending gai'niU^e party or parties, whether buyer or seller of such Britijh-mzde other party, spirituous liquors, who shall first discover and inform against the shall bed's- other of the said parties, shall, in every such case, be, and he is charged o his ]iereby declared discharged and acquitted of and from all penalown pena ty. and forfeitures, which, at the time of such information given,
he might be liable for or by reason of such his own offence. Penalty on IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, persons, not That if any person whatever, other than such as shall have duly emr" osalf6 ^^e entry of all the places by him, her, or them respectively thj£ places used made use of for making or keeping of 2?r/7//7>made spirituous by them, liquors, shall paint, or cause to be painted, over the door of any who shall pamt place to them respectively belonging, the words distiller, register, their doorfthe or ccmP0UV^er of spirituous liquors, or either of them, every perwordsdistiller,'f°n ^° offending (hall forfeit and lose the sum of two hundred rectifier, &c. pounds, and snail also be subject to the several penalties and forfeitures to which persons making or distilling spirituous liquors for sale, without making entry, are now subject unto. A|l the pow- X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That er$, penalties, a]| anj eVery the rowers, authorities, rules, methods, penalties, uresZ&^con- anc^ f°sfeitlires5 clauses, matters, and things, which, in and by tained in for- an act oiade in the twelfth year of the reign of King Charles the mer revenue Second, intituled, An afi for taking away the court of wards and Jaws, to be afJ(j Hver'ieSt) and tenures in capite, and by knights service, and purfJaine ^evy0-" veyance, and for fettling a revenue upon his Majesty in lieu thereof 5rig, and re- or by any other law now in force relating to his Majesty's revecoveiiog, the nue, upon beer, ale, or other liquors, are provided, settled, or duties and pe- established, for securing, enforcing, managing, raising, levying, SoncLTthis collectlng> payings mitigating, or recovering, adjudging, or asa^ certaining, the duties or penalties thereby granted, and for pre
venting, detecting, and punishing-, frauds relating thereto, (not otherwise altered by this act) shall be exercised, practised, applied, and imposed, levied, recovered, and put in execution, for the securing, enforcing, managing, raising, levying, collecting, paying, mitigating, and adjudging, ascertaining, and recovering, the duties and penalties herein mentioned and directed, and for preventing, detecting, and punishing, frauds relating thereto, as fully and effectually, to all intents and purposes, as if all and every the said powers, authorities, rules, directions, methods,