Historical Biogeography

Front Cover

Though biogeography may be simply defined--the study of the geographic distributions of organisms--the subject itself is extraordinarily complex, involving a range of scientific disciplines and a bewildering diversity of approaches. For convenience, biogeographers have recognized two research traditions: ecological biogeography and historical biogeography.

This book makes sense of the profound revolution that historical biogeography has undergone in the last two decades, and of the resulting confusion over its foundations, basic concepts, methods, and relationships to other disciplines of comparative biology. Using case studies, the authors explain and illustrate the fundamentals and the most frequently used methods of this discipline. They show the reader how to tell when a historical biogeographic approach is called for, how to decide what kind of data to collect, how to choose the best method for the problem at hand, how to perform the necessary calculations, how to choose and apply a computer program, and how to interpret results.

 

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Contents

What Is Historical Biogeography?
13
METHODS IN HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY
19
Distribution Areas and Areas of Endemism
21
Center of Origin and Dispersal
30
Phylogenetic Biogeography
37
Ancestral Areas
42
Panbiogeography
53
Cladistic Biogeography
67
Experimental Biogeography
127
The Case of the Southern Beeches
132
Molecular Phylogenies in Biogeography
151
Biodiversity and Conservation Evaluations
160
Species Introduction
174
A Conceptual Framework for the Future
180
Phylogeny
185
Software in Historical Biogeography
194

Parsimony Analysis of Endemicity
86
EventBased Methods
100
Phylogeography
118
Glossary
203
Works Cited
210
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About the author (2003)

Jorge V. Crisci is Director of the Laboratory of Systematics and Evolutionary Biology at the Museum of Natural Sciences of La Plata, Argentina.

Jorge V. Crisci is Director of the Laboratory of Systematics and Evolutionary Biology at the Museum of Natural Sciences of La Plata, Argentina.

Liliana Katinas is Assistant Professor of Botany and Biogeography at La Plata National University, Argentina.

Paula Posadas is Assistant Professor of Taxonomy and Biogeography at Patagonia National University, Argentina.

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