## The Elements of Euclid; viz. the first six books, together with the eleventh and twelfth. Also the book of Euclid's Data. By R. Simson. To which is added, A treatise on the construction of the trigonometrical canon [by J. Christison] and A concise account of logarithms [by A. Robertson]. |

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Page 328

To apply a

line , exceeding by a square . Let AB be the given straight line , and let the

square upon the given straight line C be that to which the

must ...

To apply a

**rectangle**which shall be equal to a given square , to a given straightline , exceeding by a square . Let AB be the given straight line , and let the

square upon the given straight line C be that to which the

**rectangle**to be appliedmust ...

Page 329

3 . equal to the

that which A ! M IL N B was required is done : But if EG , GL , be unequal , EG

must be the greater : and 0 Ρ Ο therefore the circle EHF cuts the straight line AB ...

3 . equal to the

**rectangle**EA , AH , that is , to the given rect- H E angle C , D , andthat which A ! M IL N B was required is done : But if EG , GL , be unequal , EG

must be the greater : and 0 Ρ Ο therefore the circle EHF cuts the straight line AB ...

Page 438

GO , find a mean proportional BC :: As OG to GL , so make CB to BD ; and make

the angle CBA equal to GFE , and as LG to GK , so make DB to BA , and

complete the parallelogram AC : AC is equal to the

excess of ...

GO , find a mean proportional BC :: As OG to GL , so make CB to BD ; and make

the angle CBA equal to GFE , and as LG to GK , so make DB to BA , and

complete the parallelogram AC : AC is equal to the

**rectangle**EG , GH , and theexcess of ...

Page 439

CB , BA , to AP , BC , so is ( the straight line BA to AP , and so ' is FE or GK to EG ,

and so is ) the

...

CB , BA , to AP , BC , so is ( the straight line BA to AP , and so ' is FE or GK to EG ,

and so is ) the

**rectangle**HG , GK , to HG , GE ; therefore , ex æquali , as the**rectangle**CB , BD , to AP , BC , so is the**rectangle**HG , GL , to EG , GH : And the...

Page 440

the

sum of the squares of AB , BC , is * 47. 1. given , the square of AC which is equal

to that sum is given ; and AC itself is therefore given in magnitude : Let AC be ...

the

**rectangle**AB , BC is given , wherefore AC , BE , is given : And because thesum of the squares of AB , BC , is * 47. 1. given , the square of AC which is equal

to that sum is given ; and AC itself is therefore given in magnitude : Let AC be ...

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### Common terms and phrases

added altitude angle ABC angle BAC arch base Book centre circle circle ABCD circumference common cone contained cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equimultiples excess fore four fourth given angle given in position given in species given magnitude given ratio given straight line greater Greek half join less likewise logarithm magnitude manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane prism produced PROP proportionals proposition pyramid radius reason rectangle rectangle contained remaining right angles segment shown sides similar sine solid solid angle sphere square square of AC Take taken THEOR third triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 45 - IF a straight line be divided into any two parts, the square of the whole line is equal to the squares of the two parts, together with twice the rectangle contained by the parts.

Page 20 - Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.

Page 30 - Therefore all the angles of the figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 20 - If, from the ends of the side of a triangle, there be drawn two straight lines to a point within the triangle, these shall be less than, the other two sides of the triangle, but shall contain a greater angle. Let...

Page 312 - Again ; the mathematical postulate, that " things which are equal to the same are equal to one another," is similar to the form of the syllogism in logic, which unites things agreeing in the middle term.

Page 8 - DL is equal to DG, and DA, DB, parts of them, are equal ; therefore the remainder AL is equal to the remainder (3. Ax.) BG : But it has been shewn that BC is equal to BG ; wherefore AL and BC are each of them equal to BG ; and things that are equal to the same are equal to one another ; therefore the straight line AL is equal to BC.

Page 155 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 54 - To divide a given straight line into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, may be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 3 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such, that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference are equal to one another.

Page 167 - SIMILAR triangles are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.