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cestor of the Torps, of Stockton, whose eventual heiress, Susan Eyerard, (only daughter and heir of Robert Everard, esq. of Stowey, by Susan, daughter and heir of Edward Topp, esq. of Stockton,) ro. Robert Everard Balch, esq. of St. Audries, Somersetshire, who sold Stockton to the father of Harry Biggs, esq. the present proprietor. Alexander, whom. Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Thomas Lingen, esq. of Whitton, in Shropshire, and had a son, Lingen, of Whitton, sheriff of Salop, 1079, ancestor of Topps, of Whitton. Deriving from the same source as the Topps of Stockton, was

i. Francis Topp, esq. of Tormarton, in Gloucestershire, who was created a Baronrt 25th July, 1068. He '/. in 1076, leaving by Elizabeth, his wife, a son and successor,

n. Sir John Topp, of Tormarton, who m. Barbara, daughter of Sir Walter St. John, bart. of Lydyard, Wilts, but died without male issue, when the BaroNetcy became Extinct.* Tormarton was inherited by Sir John Topp's daughter, St. John, m. first, to John Hungerford, esq. and secondly, to Thomas Peach, esq.

Arms—Arg. on a cantou gu. a gauntlet clasped or.

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The surname of Tracy accrued to this family from a maternal ancestor, descended from theTracys, Lords of Barnstaple, in the county of Devon, who came in with the Conqueror, and were styled from the town of Traci, in Normandy.

Harold, according to Dugdale, the son of Ralph, Earl of Hereford,but by other authorities an illegitimate son of King Harold, possessed at the general survey, numerous lordships in England, amongst which were Sldley, and Touincton, in the county of Gloucester, with the Castle of Ewyas, and other lands in Herefordshire, secured, doubtless, by his intermarriage with Maud, daughter of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester. This Harold had two sons, John, his heir.

Robert, who had the Castle of Ewyas, and assumed therefrom the surname of Ewyas. The elder son ashuming his surname from Sudley, the chief seat which lie inherited, became

John De Sldley. He m. the daughter and heir of Traci, feudal Lord of Barnstaple, and had issue,

Ralph, his successor, for whose descendants refer to BTree's Extinct Pierage.

W i Lli A M , who adopted hU mother's name of Tracy. The younger son,

William De Tracy/ lived in the reign of Hi.Mit II. and held lands of his brother, Ralph de Sudley, by one knight's fee, which was probably the manor of Todington, for it appears by Doomsday Book, that it was held by the Lord Sudley, of the manor of Sudley, and in the reign of Edward I. the Tracys are expressly said to be possessed of it, and this William, in a deed of OtweU, Lord of Sudley, son and heir of the said Ralph, is called hi* uncle; but that this is the san>e Sir William Tracy, who was concerned in the assassination of Thomas A Becket, does not appear, although Fuller, in his Worthies, makes the assassin to be Sir William Tracy, of Todington, whom he describes as "a man of high birth, state, of stomach, a favourite of the king's, and his daily attendant;" but, says Collins, *' I am not of his opinion, and 'tis evident, there were others of the same name living at the time." The son of this William,

Sir O i.i v Er Trac r, is mentioned amongst the knights of Gloucestershire, that paid scutage in the second of King John, his son,

Sir William Tracy, is recorded among the knights of the same county, in the 17th Edward I. and with Ralph de Sudley, his kinsman, is stated to have had a command in the Scottish war. He left a son and heir,

Sir William Tracy, of Todington, who was in ward to Laurence Tresham, 27th Edward I. at which time he is certified to bold £40. lands. In the beginning of the reign of Edward II. he was at the tournament at Dunstable, as appears by an old drawing of a knight in armour, bearing a standard with the arms of the family. In the 17th of Edward II. he was jointly with John Bermansel, high sheriff of Gloucestershire, which office in those times was of great authority. He left a daughter, Margery, wife of John Archer, of Umberslade, and a son and heir, Henry Tracy, whose son, another Henry Tracy, was father of Thomas Tracy, whose son and heir, Sir John Tracy, was sheriff of Gloucestershire for five years in succession, beginning in 1363,38 Edward III. He was knight of the same shire in the parliaments held at Westminster, in the 32, 37, 40, and 43 Edward III. and again sheriff in 1360. He left a son, Henry Tracy, father of

John Tracy, of Todington, high sheriff in 1370, who left issue,

William Tracy, of Todington, high sheriff in 1395. His son and heir,

William Tracy, m. Alice, daughter and co-heir of Guy de la Spine. He was high sheriff 5 Henry V. and " one of those persons of quality in the county of Gloucester, who bearing ancient arms from his ancestors, and holding by tenure, had summons in the 7th Henry V. to serve the king in person for defence of the realm." He was s. by hi* son.

William Tract, sheriff in the 22nd and 23rd HenRy VI. who left his estate to a son of his own name, a fourth

William Tracy, who was sheriff in 1449, and a commissioner to array soldiers in the same county (Gloucestershire,) in seven years afterwards. He ss. Margery, daughter of Sir John Pauncefoot, and had two sons, Henry and Richard. The elder,

Henry Tracy, m. Alice, one of the daughters and

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co heirs of Thomas B aldington, esq. of Adderbury, in the county of Oxford, and had three sons, William, Kichard, and Ralph, a monk. The eldest,

Sir William Tracy, of Todington, was sheriff of Gloucestershire, in the 5th Henry VIII. anno 1512. He was a gentleman of excellent parts and sound learning, and is memorable for being one of the first who embraced the reformed religion in England, as appears by bis last will dated 22nd Henry VIII. which was condemned in the Bishop of London's Court, after his decease, and an order sent to Parker, chancellor of Worcester, to raise his body; but he too officiously burning the corpse, the recorder only warranting him to raise the body according to the law of the church, he was afterwards fined £400, and turned out of the chancellorship. The will being rather of a curious nature and characteristic of the times, we insert an abstract from it at foot.* Sir William, m. Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Throckmorton, of Corse Court, in Gloucestershire, and had, with two daughters, three sons, viz.

William, of Todington, ancestor of the Viscounts Tracy, of Ruthcoole, in Ireland, whose heiress, the daughter of the eighth Viscount, m. Charles Iiwiiuiv, esq. who assumed the additional surname of TRAcr. The peerage is claimed by James Tracy, esq. and the case is now before the House of Lords. Richard. Robert. </. s. p. The second son,

Richard Tracy, esq. obtained from his father the manor of Stanway, in the county of Gloucester, part of the lands of the Abbey of Tewksbury, which came to him by grant from the crown. "This Richard," eays an old writer," was well educated, and wrote learnedly of his father's faith several Treatises in the English tongue, and that most remarkable one, entitled Preparations for the Cross, written experimentally, having suffered much in his estate for his father's reputed heretical will: he also wrote prophetically, anno 1550, (few years before the beginning of Queen Mary,) another Treatise, To teach one to die, -which is annexed to his 'Preparation to the Cross,' which was reprinted, and falsely ascribed by the editor, to be composed by John Friths, being one of the three that was found in the belly of a cod brought into the market to be sold at Cambridge, A.D. 1(126, wrapped about with canvas, very probably what that voracious fish plundered out of the pocket of some shipwrecked seaman." In the 2nd of Elizabeth, he

was sheriff of Gloucestershire, and having married Barbara, (laughter of Thomas Lucy, esq. of Charlecote, had with three daughters, three sons, Paul, Nathaniel, and Samuel. He was s. by the eldest,

i. Paul Tracy, esq. of Stanway, in the county of Gloucester, high sheriff in the 20th of Elizabeth, who was created a Baronet by King James I. 21fth June, 1011. Sir Paul m. Anne, daughter of Ralph Shakerley, esq. and had ten sons, and as many daughters, of whom

Richard (Sir), the eldest, succeeded his father.
Anne, m. Edward Hall, esq. of the county of

Lucy, m. Ray Aylworth, esq. of Aylworth, in the

county of Gloucester.

Heather, m. Francis, eldest son of John Kyrle,
esq. of Much Marcle, in Herefordshire, and had
a son.
Sir John Kyrle, (see Kyrle.)

Susan, m. to William Price, esq. of Winchester.
He ft. about 1626, and-was s. by his eldest son,

Ii. Sir Richard Tracy, who had received the honour of knighthooil, in the lifetime of his father, and was sheriff of Gloucestershire, in the 4th of Queen Mary. He m. Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas ConingBby, of Hampton, in the county of Hereford, and had three sons, Humphrey, Richard, and John. He rf. about the year 1637, and was s. by the eldest,

in. Sir Humphrey Tkac Y, sheriff of Gloucestershire, in the 15th Charles 1. who suffered severely for his loyalty during the rebellion, having bad to pay to sequestrators £1600, for composition for his estate. He d. without issue in 1(151, and was s. by his brother,

iv. Sir Richahd Tracy, who likewise died s.p. and was s. about 1666, by his only surviving brother,

v. Sir John Tracy, who d. issueless in 1677, when the Baronetcy Expired. Sir John Tracy devised Stanway and his other estates to the Honourable Ferdinando Tracy, second son of John, third Viscount Tracy, the descendant of William Tracy, esq. of Todington, elder brother of Richard Tracy, esq. of Stanway, Sir John's grandfather; which Ferdinando m. the daughter of Sir Anthony Keck, knt. and was A, by his son,

John Tracy, esq. of Stanway, who m. Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Atkins, lord chief baron of the Exchequer, and had four sons: Robert Tracy; John Tracy Keck; Anthony Tracy (who

* "Jn tfje name of <@olt 3mm." i winiun

Tracey, of Todington, In the Comity of Gloucester, make my Testament and last Will, as hereafter follow t-th:

First and before all things I commit my self to God, and to bis Mercy, believing, without any doubt or Mistrust, that by his Grace, and the Merits of Jesus Christ, and by the virtue of his Passion and Resurrection, I have, and shall have, Remission of all my Sins, and Resurrection of Body and Soul, according as it is written: "I believe that my Redeemer Uveth, and that at the last day I shall rise out of the Earth, and in my Flesh shall see my Savioor." This my hope is laid up in my bosom.

And touching the Wealth of my Soul, the Faith that I have taken and rehears'd, is sufficient, (as I suppose) without any other Man's Works or Merits. My Ground and Belief that there is but one God, and one Mediator between God and Man, which is Jesus Christ; so that I accept none in Heaven or in Earth, to be Mediator between me and God, but only Jesus Christ; nil others to be but as Petitioners in receiving of Grace, but none able to give Influence of Grace; and therefore will I bettow no part of my goods for that Intent, that any man shall say or do to help my soul, for therein I trust only to

the promises of Christ, " He that believeth, and is bapli/.'ri, shall be sav'd; and he that believeth not, shall be damned."

As touching the burying of my body, it availed) me not whatsoever be done thereto; for St. Augustiue saith, De Cura agenda pro Mortuis, that the Funeral Pomps are rather the Solace of them that live, than the Wealth and Comfort of them that are dead, and therefore I remit it only to the discretion of my Executors.

And touching the distribution of my temporal Goods, my purpose is, by the Grace of God, to bestow them to be accepted as the Fruits of Faith ; so that I do not suppose that my Merit shall be by the Good bestowing of them, but my Merit is the Faith of Jesus Christ only, by whom such Works arc good; according to the words of our Lord: " I was hungry, and ibou gavest me Meat, &c." And it followcth, " Thai ye have done to the least of my Brethren ; ye have done it to me:" and ever we should consider the true saying, " That a good Work makeih not a good man, but a gotxl man inaketh a good work ; for Faith maketh a man both good and righteous, for a righteous man livcth by Faith, and whatsoever springeth not of Faith, is Sin."

For my Temporal Goods, &c.

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Thomastrksham, of Sywell, in the county of Northampton, m. the daughter and heir of Rempston, and was father of

Sir William Tresham, knt. attorney-general to King Henry V. who m. a daughter of William Vaux, of Harrowden, in Northamptonshire, and had two sons,

Thomas, his heir.

Henry, of Newton, in Northamptonshire, which estate he acquired with Alice, his wife, daughter and coheir of Sir Edward Mulsho, and was ancestor of the Tresbams of Newton, of which line was Sir Thomas Tresham, knt. high sheriff of Northamptonshire, in the 8th of James I. He was s. by his elder Bon,

Sir Thomas Tresham, who was comptroller of the household to King Ulnry VI. and settled himself at Rushton, in Northamptonshire. He m. Margaret, daughter of the Lord /ouch, and was s. by his son,

John Tresham, esq. of Livedon and Rushton, who m. Elizabeth, only daughter and heir of James Harrington, esq. of Hornby and Wolfage, and was s. by his son,

Sir Thomastresham, who was high sheriff of Northamptonshire, in 16 and 31 Henry VIII. and received the honour of knighthood in the interim. He ro. the Honourable Mary Parr,youngest daughter and co-heir of William, Lord Parr, of Horton, and had issue,

John, who'died in his father's lifetime, leaving
by Eleanor, his wife, daughter of Anthony Ca-
tesby, esq. of Wishton, two sons and two daugh-
ters, viz.
Thomas (Sir), heir to his grandfather.
William, whose son,
Thomas (Sir), succeeded his uncle, Sir Tho-
mas Tresham.
Muriel, m. to William, third Lord Vaux, of
Harrowdon, (his second wife). See Burke's
Extinct Peerage.)

, in. to George Walton, esq. He was *. by his grandson.

Sir Thomas Tresham, of Rushton, a gentleman of great influence in his county, who having zealously promoted the pretensions of Queen Mary to the throne, and assisted in proclaiming her majesty, was constituted high sheriff of Northamptonshire, in the 3rd and fourth years of her reign, and was constituted prior of the re-erected order of St. John of Jerusalem. As he "v>j without issue, his lands descended to his nephew,

Sin Thomas Tresham, who received the honour of knighthood from Queen Elizabeth, on the 18th July, 1575, at Kenilworth, and is thus spoken of by Fuller: "Hard to say, whether greater his delight or skill in buildings, tho' more fortunate in beginning, than fortunate in finishing his fabrics, amongst which the market-house at Rothwell. adorned with the arms of the gentry of the county of Northampton, was highly commendable, who was zealous iu the Romish Perswasion, which afterwards cost him a long confinement in Wisbich Castle," He married Muriel, daughter of Sir Robert Throckmorton, knt. of Cooghton, in the county of Warwick, and had Issue, Francis (Sir). Lewis, heir to his brother. William, m. the daughter of Reed, of Cotesbrook,

in Northamptonshire. Frances, m. to Edward, Lord Stourton. Elizabeth, m. to William, Lord Monteagle. Catherine, m. to John Webb, esq. of Oldstock. Mary, m. to Thomas, Lord Brudenell. Anne, m. to William Fletcher, esq. of Sussex. Bridget, m. to Edward Parham, esq. of Somersetshire. The eldest son and heir,

Sir Francis Tresham, knt. being inrolred in the gunpowder plot, was attainted of high treason. He m. Aune, daughter of Sir John Tufton, and had issue, Lucy.

Elizabeth, married to Sir George Hencage, knt. of Lincolnshire. He was *. by his brother,

I. Sir Lewis Tresham, knt. of Rushton, who was created a Baronet 29th June, 1611. He married Mary, daughter and heir of Alderman John Moore, of London, and dying in 1630, was J. by his son,

n. Sir William Tresham, who married Frances, daughter of Sir John Gage, bart. of Firle, in Sussex, but d. without issue in 1650-1, when the Baroketct became Extinct.

Arms— Party per saltire, sable and or, in chief, and in base, each three trefoils slipped, 2, I, and 1, 2.

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U in rage.

Sir Thomas Trevor, fifth son of John Trevor, esq. of Trevallin, in Denbighshire, ancestor of the Viscounts Hampden (see Burke's Extinct Peerage)^ was born on the 6th July, 16St>; a day memorable in his family for six successive principal branches who had their birth thereon. Adopting the legal profession, he attained considerable eminence at the bar, and after pnssing through the usual gradations of office, was eventually constituted chief baron of the Exchequer. His lordship wedded Prudence, daughter of Henry Boteler, esq.; and secondly, Frances, daughter and heir of Daniel Blennerhassett, esq. of Norfolk. By the former, who died in 1014, he left at his decease. December, 1656, an only son, 532

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The first of this family that came into England, was Peter Tryon, who fled from the persecution of the Duke of Alva. His family had long flourished in the Low Countries, and was so opulent, that the emigrant brought with him the very large sum, in those days, of sixty thousand pounds sterling. His wife's name was Mary, she died 3rd January, 1618, and was interred by her husband in the church of St. Christopher's, near the Royal Exchange. By that lady he had issue,

Moses, of London, who left an only daughter, who

m. Mr. Huckslcy, of Edmonton, in Middlesex. Sam Del, heir to his father.

Mary, m. to Sir Sebastian Harvey, knt. lord mayor of London in 1618, (the year Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded,) and had an only daughter, (heir to Sir Sebastian). Mary Harvey, «. to Sir Francis Pophani, knt. Hester, m. to Sir William Courtcen, bart. of London. He was s. by his second son,

i. Sir Samuel Tryon, who received the honour of knighthood from King James I. at Newmarket, 2Mb

April, 1615, and was created a Baronet 28th March, 1620. He nt. Elizabeth, daughter of John Eldred, citizen of London, and departing this life, 8th March, 1626, was buried in the vault belonging to the family, in the chancel of Halsted Church, Essex. The first estate Sir Samuel had in that county, was the manor of Layer Marney, which he purchased from Peter Tuke, esq. He afterwards bought the lordship of Halsted from Sir Thomas Gardiner knt. and pulling down the old building, erected a neat structure in its stead, called Boys Hall. He lived and died in Halsted. His widow afterwards married Sir Edward Wortley, knt.* He was s. by his son,

u. Sir Samuel Tryon, but ten years and ten months old at the decease of his father, and afterwards in ward to his mother's second husband, Sir Edward Wortley, who is stated to have wasted his estate, and to hare induced Sir Samuel, when young, to marry his niece, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Henry Lee, of Quarendon. By this lady he had,

Samuel, his heir.

Alianora, m. to Sir Richard Franklyn, bart. of Moor Park, Herts. His first wife dying, the baronet married secondly, Susan, daughter of John Harvey, esq. of Newton, in Suffolk. This lady, who was remarkable for personal beauty, married after the decease of Sir Samuel, Timothy Thornbury, gent, of London, and died in the Michaelmas after the great frost. She had issue by Sir Samuel,

Samuel-john, successor to his half-brother.

John, "I

Moses, > all died young.

Anne, J The baronet died in 1665, and was s, by his eldest son, in. Sir Samuel Tryon, who died unm. about the year 1671, when his sister, Alianora, became his heir, and the baronetcy devolved upon his half-brother,

iv. Sir Samuel-john Tryon, who in. Mary, daughter of Robert Bownds, of Chelmsford, draper, and had two daughters, his co-heirs, viz.

Mary, m. to Thomas Davy, gent, of Shipdam, in the county of Norfolk.

Susan. He d. 24th April, 1724, when the Baronetcy became Extinct.

Arms - As. a fesse battelee between six estoiles or.

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Sir Richard Wortley, knt. of Wortley, in the county of York, left issue,

Francis (Sir), knt. and baronet, bis heir.
Edward (Sir), mentioned above.

Eleanor, m. to Sir Henry Lee, bart. of Quarendon, and had a riaugbtrr, Eleanor Lee, m. to Sir Samuel Tryon, bart.

being thence designated was created a Baronet in 16(1. He m. Margaret, eldest daughter and co-heir of Herbert Morley, esq. of Clynd, in Sussex, and had issue,

I. Humphry, who died unm. 3rd August, 1041.

II. John (Sir), knt. heir to his father, in. Charles.

iv. Francis.

v. Henry, of Gray's Inn, d. unm.

1. Christian, d. unm.
li. Ulimpia, m. to Sir William Wray, hart, of

Ashby, in Lincolnshire, in. Cecilia, d. unm. Sir Humphrey died at his seat. Bobbing Place, in October, 1658, aged seventy-six, and was s. by his son,

il. Sir John Tupton, of the Mote, who •». first, Margaret, third daughter and co-heir of Thomas, Lord Wotton; and secondly, Mary, daughter and heir of Sir James Altham, K.B. of Markhall, Essex, but died without issue, 14th October, 1885, aged sixty-two, when the Baronetcy became Extinct. The estate of the Mote Sir John bequeathed to his niece, Tufton Wray, and by that lady it was alienated to Sir John Marsham, hart, by whose representative, the Earl of Romney, it is still possessed.

Arms—8a. au eagle displayed erm. within a bordure arg.


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l. Samuel Tuke, esq. of Cressing Temple, in Essex, descended from an ancient family in that county, was created a Baronet 31st March, 1603-4. He a*. Mary, daughter of Edward Guldeford, esq. of Hemsted, Kent, and was s. by his son,

il. Sir Samuel Tuke, a gentleman of poetic attainments. He served as a colonel in the royal army, and suffered much in consequence. Sir Samuel wedded Mary, daughter of Edward Sheldon, esq. of Ditchford, in Warwickshire, and dying 26th January, 1673, was s. by his son,

Hi. Sir Charles Tuke, who died of wounds received at the battle of the Boyne, loth August, 1090. He never married, and with him the Baronetoy Expired.

Arms—Per fesse indented a*, and gu. three lions passant or.


Created 23rd April, 1675.—Extinct, unascertained.


In 1675 a Baronetcy was conferred on i. Richard Tulpk, of Amsterdam, but we have :ned no particulars beyond the fact and date of

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The family of Turner was seated for a considerable period in the county of Norfolk.

Charles Turner, esq. of Weasanham, left by Elizabeth, his wife, two sons, Sir John Turner, Int. M.P. for Lynn, who d. s. p. in 1711, and

William Turner, esq. who married and had three sons,, his heir; William, who died s. p.; and John, who succeeded as second baronet. The eldest, I. Charles Turner, esq. of Warham, in Norfolk, M.P. for Lynn, from the Revolution until his death, was a commissioner of trade, and a lord of the Admiralty, temp. Queen Anne, and a commissioner of the Treasury, in the reign of George II. In 1727 he was created a Baronet, with reversion, in default of male issue, to his brothers and their male issue- He married first, in 1639, Mary, daughter of Robert Walpole, esq. of Houghton, in Norfolk, and sister of Sir Robert Walpole, K.G. the celebrated minister, by whom he had issue,

John, who died in his father's lifetime, leaving
three daughters, viz.
Anne-Carolina, m. to John Playters, eaq. sou

and heir of Sir John Playters, hart. Dorothy- W al pole. Anne, m. to the Rev. Maurice Suckling, D.D. prebendary of Westminster, and had issue, Maurice Suckling, capt. R-N. M.P. the early patron of Nelson,and a highly distinguished and gallant seaman. He a*, s. p. William Suckling, d. s.p. Catherine Suckling, m. in 1749, to the RevEdmund Nelson, M. A. and was mother of Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson, the hero of Trafalgar. Elizabeth, m. to John Fowle, esq. of Brome, in Norfolk, one of the commissioners of Excise. Sir Charles married secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir Willium Blois, knt. of Cock field Hall, Suffolk, and relict of Sir Neville Catlyn, knt. of Kirby Kane, by whom, who died 30th August, 1738, be had no issueSir Charles rf. 24th November, 1738, and was *. according to the limitation of the patent, by bis only surviving brother,

it. Sir John Turner, M.P. for Lynn, temp. Queen Anne, who married Miss Allen, and dying 7th January, 1739, was s. by his only son,

in. Sir John Turner, M.P. for Lynn, who married Frances, daughter and co-heir of John Neale, est], of Allesley, in Warwickshire, M.P. and had two daughters, his co-heirs, viz.

Anne, m. to Robert Hales, esq. and died in 1332,

leaving with junior issue, a son and heir, Job*

Turner HAL£s,esq. of Suffolk.

Fanny, m. to Sir Martin Browne Folkes, bsrt. of

Hillington, and died in 1813, leaving so uuH


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