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i. William Smyth, esq. of Redcliffe, in the county of Bucks, governor of Hillersdon, in that county, and a stanch royalist, was created a Baronet by King Charles II. soon after the Restoration, 10th May, 1661. Sir William m. first, Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Denton, knt. by whom he left no male issue. He wedded, secondly, a daughter of Sir Nathaniel Hobart, one of the masters in Chancery, and by her had two sons, William, who died unmarried in his father's lifetime, and Thomas. He was a member of the Long Parliament, and dying at a very advanced age in 1606, was succeeded by his only surviving son,

Ii. Sir Thomas Smyth, who rf.unm. 20th June, 1732, when the Baronetcy Expired.

Arms—Sa. on a chevron, between six crosses pattee fitchee arg. three fleurs-de-lis az.

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Sir Robert Smyth, bart. of Upton, in the county of Essex, had by his first wife, Judith, daughter of Nicholas Walmesley,esq. of Dunkenhalgh, with other issue, Robert, his successor, from whom the present baronet of Upton.

Sir James Smyth (the second son), who was knighted by King Charles II. and was lord mayor of London in the first year of King James II, He m. first, Mary. daughter of Sir William Peak, knt. lord mayor of London, but by that lady had no issue. His second wife was Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Arthur Shirley, esq. of Isfield, by whom he had an only son, James. He m. thirdly, Philadelphia, daughter of Sir William Wilson, bart. of Eastborne, in Sussex, without issue. He d. aged seventy-three, 9th December, 1706, and was s. by his son,

i. James Smyth, esq. of Isfield, in Sussex, who was created a Bakunrt 2nd December, 1714, Sir James married Mirabel la, daughter and co-heir of Sir Robert Legard, knt. one of the masters in Chancery, and

dying 28th February, 1716-17, was succeeded by his only son,

Ii. Sir Robert Smyth, who married Lady LouisaCarol iue-Isabella Hervey, second daughter of John, Earl of Bristol, by whom (who d. 11th May, 1770,) he had issue,

Hervey, his successor.

Anna-mirabella-henrirtta, m. in 1761, to William-Beale Brand, esq. of Polsted Hall, in Suffolk.

He died 10th December, 1773, and was succeeded by his son,

in. Sir Hervey Smyth, b. in 1734. This gentleman was aide-de-camp to General Wolfe at the siege of Quebec, and afterwards colonel in the Foot Guards. He d. unm. 2nd October, 1611, when the Baronetcy Expired.

Arms— Az. two bars, unde. erm. on a chief or, a demi-lion issuant sa.

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Thomas Soame, of Botley, or Betley, in Norfolk, gent, was father of

Thomas Soame, gent, of Betley, who married first, Anne, daughter and heir of Francis Knighton, esq. of Little Bradley, in Suffolk, and widow of Richard Le Hunt, of Hunts Hall, in Bradley, Suffolk, and bad by her,

Thomas, of Bradley, in Suffolk, and Bentley, in Norfolk, m. Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Allington, esq. of Horseheath, in the county of

Cambridge, son and heir of Sir Giles Allington, kat. by whom he had Rich ARD, who d.s. p. and other issue.

Swsrss.x (Sir).

Robert, D.D. d.s.p.

Mary, married to Richard Farington, sheriff of

He - secondly, a daughter of Carew, and by that lady
bad a daughter, Margaret, m. to William Brooke, esq.
of Mendlesham, in Suffolk. He d. 16th April, 11th
Rús assra. The inquisition, dated 2nd Angust, in the
save year, says, he died seized of lands in Little Brad-
tex, Little Thurlow, (called by several names,) and
two tenements, 100 acres of land and pasture, 12 of
wood, in Betley, in North Elmham, Bylney, Great
Rittering, and Gressinghall, in Norfolk, held of the
Lord Cromwell's manor of Elmham. He died at Bet-
ley, 16th April, then last past, and Thomas, of Little
Bradley, was found his son and heir, twenty-six years
old.” His second son,
Sun SrrrhEN Soame, was of Betley, in Norfolk, and
of London, of which city he was sheriff in 1589, and
lord mayor in 1598. He purchased the manor of
Brickendon, in the county of Hertford, and several
other estates, and married Anne, daughter of William
Stone, esq. of Segenhoe, in the county of Bedford, by
whom he had six sons and five daughters, viz.

1. William, his heir.
11, STEPHEN (Sir), of Heydon, in Essex, high she-
riff of that county in the 19th of JAMEs I. This
gentleman had the manor of Berkesdon, in
Hertfordshire, by gift of his father. He m.
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Playters,
bart. of Sotterley, in Suffolk, and had issue,

1. PETER, lord of the manor of Berkesdon,
of whom hereafter.

2. John, }a s

3. Stephen, J. " p.

1. Anne, m. to Sir Gabriel How, knt. of
2. Jane, m. to Sir John Hoskins.
3. Mary, m. to Edward Fettiplace, esq. of
Kingston, in Berks.
4. Jane, m. to Sir Edward Nicholl, knt. of
Faxton, in the county of Northampton.

111. Thomas (Sir), of Throcking, in Hertfordshire, sheriff of London in 1635, alderman in 1640, when he received the honor of knighthood.

In that year he was elected to parliament by
the city where he manifested his loyalty to
the crown, and was in consequence one of the
members secluded from the house. Sir Tho-
mas m. Joane, daughter of William Freman,
esq. of Aspeden, in Hertfordshire, and had
three sons, who all died young, and three
daughters, viz.
1. ANNE, m. to Sir Thomas Abdy, bart. of
Felix Hall.
2. Eliza BETH, m. to John Garneys, esq. of
Boyland Hall, Norfolk.
3. MARY, m. to Abraham Clerk, esq. of Lon-

Sir Thomas repaired the tower of Throcking
Church, and raised it with brick. He d. 1st
January, 1670, aged eighty-eight, and was bu-
ried in the chancel of that church.

iv Nicholas, d. young.

v. John, of Burnham, in Norfolk, m. Mary, eldest daughter of Thomas Perient, esq. of Birch, in Essex, and had issue, but his children all died s. p. his widow m. Sir Thomas Glemham, knt. of Suffolk.

v1. Matthew, d. unm.

1. Mercy, m. to Sir Calthorpe Parker, knt. of Erwarton, in Suffolk. 11. Mary, d. an infant. 111. Anne, m. to Sir John Wentworth, knt. of Somerly, in Suffolk. iv. Judith, m. to Sir Francis Anderson, knt. of Eyworth, in Bedfordshire. v. Jane, m. to Sir Nathaniel Barnardiston, knt. of Keddington, in Suffolk.

Sir Stephen d. 23rd May, 1619, aged seventy-five, was buried in Little Thurlow," and succeeded by his eldest son,

Sir William Soame, knt. who was sheriff of Suf. folk in the 8th of CHARLEs I. This gentleman m. first, Bridget, fourth daughter and co-heir of Benedict Barnham, esq. an alderman of London, and by that lady had issue,

1. STEPHEN, of Little Thurlowe, who m. first, Mary, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir John Dyeham, knt. of Borstall, Bucks, and widow of Lawrence Banaster, esq., by whom he had

Stephen, d.s. p.
WiLLIAM (Sir), successor to his grandfather.

• Under the following inscription:

to the Memory
of the Right Worshipfull Sr. Stephen
Soame, Kt. Lord Mayor of the Citie of
London, in the year of our Lord, 1593, and Mayor
of the Staple there, almost 20 yeares, who was the
second Son of Thomas Soame, of Botely, alias Betely,
in the County of Norfolcke, Gentleman, and Anne, his Wife,
Daughter and Heir of Francis Knighton, of Little Bradley,
in the County of Suffolcke, Esquyer, and the Widowe of Richard
Lehunt, of the said Towne, and County, Gentleman. The said Sir Stephen,
in his life-time re-edified and newly glazed the great North Window of

the Cathedrall Church of St. Paul, in London.

Newly settled and

adorned at
his own charge, the roof of Grocer's Hall, in that City, gave to the
same Company £10 to be bestowed weekly in Bread upon the poor pri-

soners of the Counter in the Poultry of London, for ever,

In this Towne of

Little Thurlow, erected and buylt a Free-School, with £20 maintenance
for a Master, and £10 for the Usher there, yearly for ever, where he
erected and endowed an almshouse besides for 9 poor People, with main-

tenance for ever, the maintenance of both places to be
forth of the Mannour of Carleton, in Cambridgeshire.

aid by annuity,
e departed this

life May 23, being Trinity Sunday, 1619, at the age of threescore and fif

teene yeares, at his

ansion house, by him formerly buylt in this

Parish of Little Therlowe.

Penelope, m. to Thomas Stone, esq. of Ris

den, in Hertfordshire.
Mary, m. to Miles Sandys, esq. of Missen-
dcn, Bucks.
He m. secondly, Anne, daughter and co-heir
of Ambrose Coppinger, D.D. relict of Isaac Lavenham,in Suffolk, but by that
lady (who wedded secondly. Sir Thomas Reeve,
ban. of Thwait, in the same county) had no
issue. He died before his father.
Ii. William (Sir), of Haughley, in Suffolk, knt. m.
Catherine, daughter and co-heir of William
Wilson, of London, merchant, by whom he

John, b. in 1656.
ill. Thomas, m. Anne-Cecil, daughter of Sir Edward

Chester, knt. of Cockenhatch, Herts,
iv. John, in. Margaret, daughter of Oiias Church-
man, of London,
v. Matthew, d. young.

>•!. Barnhain, m. Anne Newport, of London,
til. Bartholomew, of London, woollen draper, and of
Little Thurlow, by gift of his nephew, Sir
William Soame, bart. m. Susan, daughter of
Richard Hutchinson, of London, merchant,
and had issue,
Thomas, d. young.

Richard, in. Mary, daughter of Benjamin
Brownsmith, of London.

Catherine, m. to Isaac Stackhouse, of London. Susan. Mary. Tin. Edmund, m. Mary, daughter of Simon Myddleton, of London, and sister of Sir Hugh Myddleton.

Sir William's second wife was named Smith, but he does not appear to have had any other issue. He d. in 1635, and was j. by his grandson,

i. Sib William Soame, knt. of Little Thurlow, in the county of Suffolk, who was sheriff of Suffolk in the time of Charles II. and advanced to a Baronetcy by that monarch, 5th February, 1684-5, with remainder, default of male heirs of his own body, to Peter Soame, esq. of Heydon, in Essex, eldest son and heir of Sir Stephen Soame, knt. and the heirs male of his body. Sir William m. first, Lady Beata Pope, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Down, in Ireland, and secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir Gabriel Howe, of Gloucestershire, but died without issue at Malta, in his embassy to Turkey. Sir William bequeathed Little Thurlow to his uncle, Bartholomew, and was succeeded under the especial limitation in the patent, by bis kinsman,

it. Sir Piter Soame, of Heydon, in Essex. This gentleman preferred a claim at the coronation of James II. to hold the bason and ewer for a moiety of the manor of Heydon, and the towel for the other moiety, and that he might be admitted in person, or by a proper deputy, to perform the office, and to have all the profits belonging to that service. He m. Susanna, youngest daughter of Ralph Freman, esq. of Aspeden Hall, in Hertfordshire, and had issue,

ft it it, his successor.

Freman, m. the daughter of Mr. Gray, a Spanish

Susan, m. to Sir Cane James, bart. of Creshall, in
Essex, who d. 23rd December, 1680.

Elizabeth. He d. about the year 1607, and was s. by his elder son, in. Sir Peter Soame, who in. Joane, daughter and heir of George Chute, esq. of Stockwell, in Surrey,* and had issue,

Petbr, his heir.'



Jane. Sir Peter d. of the small-pox in 1709, and was s. by his son,

iv. Sir Peter Soame, one of the gentlemen of his majesty's privy chamber. He m. Miss Philipps, daughter of Governor Philipps, of Stanwell, in Middlesex, by whom he had a son, Peter, who d. 20th April, 1757. Sir Peter d. 7th September, 1798, when the Baronetct became Extinct. He bequeathed his estate to

Sir Bdceworth Bdckworth-herne, hart, who assumed, in accordance with his testamentary injunction, the additional surname and arms of Soame, by sign mannal, 12th December, 1806. (Refer to Burke's Peerage and Baronetage.)

Arms— Gules, a chevron between three mallets, or.

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* By Joan, his wife, daughter of Sir Walter St. John, of Battersea.

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1. HUGh Speks, esq. of Hasilbury, in Wiltshire (a descendant of the ancient family of Speke of Somersetshire, now represented by WILLIAM Speke, esq. of Jordans, see Burke's Commoners, vol. iv.), was created a BA RoNET 12th June, 1660. He m. Anne, daughter and heir of John Mayne, esq. of Staplehurst, and relict of Mr. Croke, from whom she had been divorced. By her he left at his decease, 15th July, 1661, a son and successor,

11. SIR GeoRGE SPEKE, of Hasilbury, who wedded Rachel, daughter of Sir William Wyndham, of Orchard Wyndham, in Somersetshire, but died without issue 11th January, 1682, when the BARoNErcy became Ex"r, NCT.

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This was a branch issuing from the stock of the noble houses of Marlborough and Spencer. From an illustrious line of progenitors arose, WILLIAM SPENCER, esq. of Redburn, in the county of Warwick, anno, I HENRY VII. (an estate forfeited to the crown, by the attainder of William Catesby, esq.) who married Elizabeth, sister of Sir Richard Rumpson, knt. and had, with a daughter Jane, two sons, Joan and Thomas. The elder, NIR Joan SPENCER, knt. denominated of Snitterfield, in Warwickshire, which estate he acquired with his wife, Isabel, daughter and co-heir of Walter Graunt, eau, purchased in the 22nd of HENRY VII. the great luralship of Wormleighton, in the same county, and alum after began the structure of a fair manor house there, in which, when inquisitions were taken conwevalue wastes and inclosures of lands, in the oth and uth of 11 "Nar VIII. he was certified to have his resi, with sixty persons of his family; being a good the church. He was knighted by King and by his last will and testament, it as possessed of a very great estate, keeper, had a great reverence for

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Sir William d. 22nd June, 1532, and was s. by his son, SIR John SPENCER, knt. sheriff of Northamptonshire in the 5th of Edward VI. and was knight of the same shire in parliament, in the 4th and 5th of WalLIAM and MARY. He was again sheriff in the 13th of Eliza BETH, and in two years after, was appointed by writ, (with other justices of the county, “of prime quality,”) a commissioner to enquire after such persons as transgressed the law made in the 1st of ElizaBETH, entitled, “an Act for the uniformity of the Common Prayer, and Service in the Church, and Administration of the Sacraments.”. Sir John was a great economist, yet kept a plentiful establishment, and enjoins by his last will and testament, hospitality to be kept in his houses at Althorp and Wormleighton, by his heir after his decease, as he had done. He was fond of a country life, an encourager of industry, and a practical husbandman. At his decease he had numerous flocks of sheep and other cattle in the grounds and parks of Althorp and Wormleighton. He married Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson, knt. of Hengrave, in Suffolk, and left great estates to his four sons, who were heads of so many families. Those sons and their sisters were,

John (Sir), from whom the Dukes of Marlborough and Earls of Spencer.

Thomas, who built a fine house at Claverdon, in the county of Warwick, and for his hospitality. is called, by Sir William Dugdale, the Mirror of that county. He m. Mary, eldest daughter of Henry Cheeke, esq. and had an only child,

Alice, m. to Sir Thomas Lucy, knt. of Chariecote. He d. in 1580, and having thus no male issue. settled the manor of Claverdon and other lands upon his great-nephew, Sir William Spencer, bart. of Yarnton. WILLIAM (Sir), of whom presently. Richard (Sir), of Offley, in the county of Hertford, from whom the Spencers of that county descended. Margaret, m. first to Giles Allington, esq. of Horseheath, in the county of Cambridge, and secondly to Edward Eldrington, esq. Elizabeth, m. to George, second Lord Hunsden, K.G. Catherine, m. to Sir Thomas Leigh, knt. of Stoneleigh. Mary, m. to Sir Edward Aston, knt. of Tixall. Anne, m. first to William Stanley, third Lord Monteagle, (his lordship's second wife,) secondly 498


to Henry, Lord Compton, and thirdly to Robert Sackville, son and heir of Thomas, Lord Buckhurst. Alice, m. first to Fernando, Earl of Derby, and secondly to the Lord Keeper, Sir Thomas Egerton.

Sir John Spencer d. 8th November, 1586, and was s. by his eldest son. His third son,

S^r William Spencer, who possessed a fine estate at Yarnton, in the county of Oxford, received the honour of knighthood from Queen Elizabeth, in 1502, and marrying Margaret, daughter of Francis Bowyer, esq. of the county of Middlesex, had issue, Thomas, his heir. George. Eliza both, m. to Sir Thomas Russell, knt. of Strens

ham. Catherine, m. to Sir Henry Montagu, ancestor of

the Dukes of Manchester.
Mary, m. to Sir Maximilian Dalyson, knt. of

Haling, in Kent.
Alice, m. to Sir Thomas Colvile) knt. of Newton,

in Cambridgeshire. <v

Margaret, m. to Sir John Woodward, knt. of

He d. 18th December, 1600, ana ijC8 buried with his lady under a curious altar-monument, raised against the north wall, near the east window of the south chancel of the church of Yarnton, in Oxfordshire: it u composed of different sorts of marble, and adorned with arms of war, battle-axes, swords, carbines, standards, sheafs of arrows, &c. On the tomb, under an arch, lies the figure of a knight on his back, completely armed, (excepting his bead-piece,) and his lady on the left in the habit of the times. His head rests on a griffin's head, (his crest,) hers on a pillow, with their hands in a devout posture. The arch is supported by four pillars of the Corinthian order, and at the top, between two pyramids, is a shield of the quarterings of arms belonging to the family, viz. seven coats. On the side of the tomb is a tablet, and two men kneeling on cushions on the right side thereof, as also four women on the left. Another tablet under the arch, exhibits the inscription in gilt letters. Sir William was s. by his son,

■ . Sir Thomas Spencer, knt. of Yarnton, who was created a Baronet by King James I. 29th June, 1611, and afterwards knighted at Whitehall by the same monarch. He married Margaret, daughter of Richard Brainthwait, esq. serjeant-at-law, by whom (who wedded, secondly, Richard Butler, Viscount Montgarret,) he bad issue,

William, his successor.
Thomas,') .
John, J d- '■ P-

Richard, ro. to Mrs. Anne Wagstaffe, and had two
sons and two daughters, viz.
Thomas, who succeeded as fourth baronet.
Charles, of Lyons Hall, in the county of He-
reford, m. Anne, daughter of Francis Pem-
ber, esq. of Elston, in that county, and was
grandfather of
Charles, who succeeded as seventh Ba-

Mary, m. to — Richards, esq.
Gertrude, married first to John Crump, esq. of
Lugwardine, in the county of Hereford, and
secondly to Essex Sherburne, esq. of Feni-
Edward, d. a bachelor.

Margaret. Catherine. Sir Thomas, who was famous in his time for his great hospitality, rebuilt the tower at the west end of Yarnton Church, us also a noble mansion house near the old one. He d. 16th August, 1622, and was s. by his eldest son,

ii. Sir William Spencer, who, as his father had been, was knighted after he had become a baronet, by King Charles I. at Oxford, 27th August. 1629. He succeeded to the estate of his great-uncle, Thomas Spencer, esq. of Claverdou, in the county of Warwick, and thereby possessed a very great inheritance. Sir William married Constance, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy, knt. of Charlecote, and by that lady (who M. secondly, Sir Edward Smith, knt.) had Thomas, his successor. Constance, i». to Sir Edward Smith, bart. of Ed

monthorpe. Alice, m. to Francis Keyt, esq. of Mickleton,in the county of Gloucester. He was x. at his decease by his son,

ill. Sir Thomas Spencer, who married Jane, daughter of Sir John Gerrard, bart. of Lamer, Herts, and had nine children, of whom survived to maturity, William, who predeceased his father, dying at the

age of twenty-six, unm. Jane, m. to Robert Spencer, Viscount Teiviot, in

Scotland. Constance, m. to George Marwood, esq. only son of Sir Henry Marwood, bart. of Little Busby, in Yorkshire. Elizabeth, m. first to Sir Samuel Gerard, knt. of Brafferton, in the county of York, and secondly to Francis Basset, esq. of Tehidy, Cornwall. Catherine, m. first to John Dormer, esq. of Ascot, in Oxfordshire, and secondly to Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Harry Mordaunt, brother of Charles, third Earl of Peterborough. Sir Thomas died 6th March, 1684-5, and was buried with his ancestors at Yarnton, under a noble and curious monument of white mable, erected to his memory, against the north wall of the south chancel. It represents the statues of seven persons, in full proportion and dresses of the time. His own figure stands on a pedestal, with his lady's on his right band ; the figure of his son is placed on hia left. On her right hand sits a daughter lamenting, and under her another daughter. On the son's left hand is also a daughter, and under her another, all weeping. Under Sir Thomas Spencer is a tablet bearing the inscription. On the right side of the tablet, under the statue of the first daughter, is another, kneeling, her hand reposed on a skull; and beneath her is another, praying, laying her hand on an hour glass; lower there is another daughter. Over all is a shield of the arms and quarterings of the family. Sir Thomas leaving no more issue, his daughters became his co-heirs, and the Baronetcy devolved upon his cousin, (refer to Richard, fourth son of the first baronet,)

lv. Sir Thomas Spencer, of Eardington, in tbe county of Salop, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Ancor Palmer, esq. of Bricklehampton, in Worcestershire, and by that lady had seven sons and six daughters, of whom all died unm. except Henrt, his successor. William, heir to his brother. Ursula, m. to Mr. Hugh Philips, of London. He d. about the year 1722, and was I. by his eldest surviving son,

v. Sir Henry Spencer, who d. s. p. at Stratfordupon-Avon, in 1726, and was i. by his youngest brother,


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