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Sir John Rudston, knt. lord of the manor of Hayton, in the east riding of the county of York, liring 6 King Juhn, left a son and successor,

Walter Rudston, of Hayton, who married Oswyn, daughter of Stephen Shalleros, and was s. by his son, John Rudston, of Hayton, who m. a daughter of Thomas Wilberforce, and left a son and heir,

Gregory Rudston, of Hayton, from whom we pass to his Hneal descendant towards the close of tin; fifteenth century,

Matthew Rudston, esq. of Hayton, who married a daughter of Thomas Studham, esq. of Pocklington, and had issue,

Walter, his heir.

John (Sir;, lord mayor of London in 1528, who left
a son and heir,

Robert Rudston, who purchased from Sir
Thomas Wyatt the manor of Boughton
Monchensie, in Kent. His second sou and
eventual heir,

BelnapRudston,of Boughton Monchensie,
dying .t. p. devised hist estate, by will
dated in 10)3, to Sir Francis Barnham,
knt. and it is now in the possession of
that gentleman's representative,
Thomas Ryder, esq. of Boughton.

Anne, m. to William Wensley, esq. of Brians

The elder son,

Waiter Ruuston, esq. was great-grandfather of Walter Rudston, esq. who inherited Hayton at the decease of his father in 1618. He m. Frances, daughter of M arm ad uke Constable, esq. and sister of Sir Marmaduke Constable, bart. of Kveringham, by whom he had, with other issue, i. Walter, his heir.

it. William, who m. Hester, daughter of Francis Savilc, esq. of BaYncsley, and left a daughter,

Hester, who m. William Calverley, esq.
and had a son,

Charles Calverley, who m. Catherine
Mitchell, and left a son,
William Calverley, whose son
and heir,

Rudston Calverley, inherited
eventually the Rudston es-

The eldest son and heir,

i. Walter Rudston, esq. of Hayton, in the county of York, was created a Baron Ft by King Charles 1. loth August, 101*2, and had the honour of entertaining his majesty at Hayton on the king's march to demand the possession of Hull from Sir John Hothuiu, the parliamentary general. Sir Walter adhering to the

fortunes of his royal master, suffered confiscation and other persecutioii'i. He m. Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Dawney, bart. of Cowlck, through whose exertions the property was restored at last to his son, and had issue,

Thomas, his heir.
He died about I65S, and was 5. by his elder son,

it. Sir Thomas Rudston, baptized 8th August, 1639, m. Katherine, daughter and coheir of George Mountayne, esq. of Westow, in Yorkshire, and had issue, Thomas, his heir. Walter, d. s. p.

Elizabeth, heir to her elder brother. He died about the year 106'2, and was s. by his elder son,

in. Sir Thomas Rudston, at whose decease the Baronetcy became Extinct, and the estates devolved upon his sister,

Elizabeth Rudston, of Hayton, who m. Henry
Cutler, esq. eldest son of Sir Gervais Cutler,
knt. of Stainborough Hall (now Wentworth
Castle), in the West Riding, but had no issue.
Mrs. Cutler survived her husband, and at her
decease devised her property at Hayton and
elsewhere to her cousin and heir general,
Rudston Calverley, esq- who assumed, in
consequence, the surname and arms of
Rudston. He m. in 1701, Anne, daughter
of William Stock dale, esq. and dying in 1806,
was s. by his eldest son,
The Rev. Thomas-Cutler Rudston Head,
now of Hayton. (Refer to Burke's Com-
moners, vol. iv. p. 36*2.)

Arms— Arg. three bulls' heads erased.

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The first member of this family recorded is Thomas Russell,of Yaverland,in the Isle of Wight, who held the manors and advowsons of Yaverlaud and Wathe, the manor of Rouburgo, in the Isle of Wight, and Carisbroke Castle, in capite, and died 10 Henry VI.

1. Sir William Russell, knt. of Chippenham, in the county of Cambridge (son of William Russell, esq. of Surrey, and grandson of Maurice Russell,of Yaverland), having been many years treasurer of the navy, was created a Baronet by King I. 10th January, 10*28 0. Sir William m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir FranciB Cherry, kut. but by that lady had no issue. He wedded, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Gerard,esq. of Burnell, in Cambridgeshire, and had seven sons and three daughters, vix.

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• Ily this marriage the estate of Checkers came into the family. The lady was daughter and heir of Serjeant tlurbane by h" second wife, the sister of Lord Cutt. 11u - *t wife, with whom he acquired the

estate, but by whom he had no issue, was one of the three daughters and co-heiresses of Sir Robert Croke, of Checkers, to whom it descended, through the Hawtress, from Sir Ralph de Checkers.

by the former he left at his decease, 5th December, 1735, a son and three daughters, viz. Charles, an officer of rank in the army,4 m. in 1737, Mary-Johanna Cutts, daughter of the aforesaid Colonel Kivett, and had imra, John, who inherited as eighth baronet. Miry, bedchamber-woman to the Princess Amelia, d. unm. Frances, bedchamber-worn an to H.R.H. the Princess Amelia, m. to John Kivett, esq. of Checkers, and d. s. p. Mary, m. to — Holmes, esq, and d. .*. p. Elizabeth, m. to Samuel Greenhill, esq. of Swincombe, in the county of Oxford, and had a son, John-russell Greenhill, LL.D. of whom hereafter. i. Christian, buried at Chippenham 28th August,

1069. ii. Elizabeth, m. to Sir Thomas Frankland, bart. of Thirkelby, in the county of York, and was great-great-grandmother of the present Sir Robert Frank Land Hussell, bart. of Thirkelby.

Sir John was s. by his eldest son,

It. Sir William Russell, who »». Miss Gore, of Ireland, and had two sons and a daughter, namely, William, his heir. Francis, successor to his brother. . Mary, d. unm. in December, 1735. Sir William having spent the remainder of a considerable fortune in raising troops at the Revolution, sold his estate at Chippenham, and dying in September, 1707, was s. by his elder son,

v. Sir William Russell, who died in Ireland s. p. in May, 1733, and was s. by his brother,

vi. Sir Francis Russell, one of the council at Fort William, in Bengal, who m. in 1725, Miss Gee, and was s. by bis only son,'

Til Sir William Russell, lieutenant in the 1st regiment of Foot Guards, who d, unmarried in 1735, and was s. by his kinsman (refer to John, third son of the third baronet),

Tin. Sir John Russell, of Checkers, in the county of Bucks, b. 31st October, 1741. This gentleman was a student of Christ Church, Oxford, and barrister-atlaw. He m. Catherine, daughter of General George Carey, second son of Viscount Falkland, and had two sons,

John, his successor.
George, heir to his brother.
Sir John d. in 1783, and was s. by hi* elder son,

ix. Sir. John Russell, who d. unmarried in 1802, and was s. by his brother,

x. Sir George Russell, who died without issue 25th April, 1804, when the Baronetcy Expired, and the estate of Checquers devolved upon his aunt,

Mary Russell, bedchamber-worn an to H.R.H.
the Princess Amelia, at whose decease unmar-
ried the property of the Russells passed to her
The Rev. John-russell Greenhill, LL.D.
(Refer to Russell Op Checquers Court.)

•»• The Baronetcy Op Chippenham would have devolved, at the decease of Sir George Russell, upon the Fordham Abbey branch, which descended from Gerard Russell, of Fordham, the third son of Sir

William, the first baronet, if a male heir of that line bad then appeared; but William Russell, of Fordham, the last male, who was residing abroad, died issueless; whether before or after Sir George is not ascertained. His only sister,

Rebecca Russell, married, as stated above, for
her second husband, William Dyer, esq. of 11-
ford, in Essex, and left, with other issue, a son
aud heir,
William-andrew Dyer,esq.of Harley Street,
in the county of Middlesex, who now repre-
sents the Fordham branch, and through
that the Baronets of Chippenham.

Arms—Arg. a lion rampant gu. on a chief sa. three roses of the first.


Created 8th Nov. 1660.—Extinct about 1711.


i. Sir William Russell, knt. of Langherne, in the county of Carmarthen, youngest son of Sir William Russell, bart, of Chippenham, was created a Baronkt 8th November, 1660, aud was commonly called the white Sir William. He m. Heather, daughter of Sir Thomas Rouse, bart. of Rouse Lench, and had an only daughter, his heir,

Mary Russell, m. first, to Hugb-Calverley Cotton, esq. elder sou of Sir Robert Cotton, bart. of Combermere, by whom (who died before hid father) she had an only child, Catherine Cotton, m. to Thomas Lewis, esq. of St. Pierre. Mrs. Cotton m. secondly. Lord Arthur Somerset, son of the Duke of Beaufort. Sir William d. about the year 1714, when the BaronEtcy Expired.

Arms—As Russell Op Chippenham.


Created 15th Sept. 1831.—Extinct in 1837.


The Rev. Samuel Greenhill, of Swincombe, in the county of Oxford, m. Elizabeth, youngest daughter of John Russell, esq. governor of Fort William, Bengal, youngest son of Sir John Russell, third bart. of Chippenham, and left a son and heir,

John-russell Greenhill, LL.D. of Cotisford House, in the county of Oxford, who, on the decease of his cousin, Mary Russell (see Russell Op ChipPenham), inherited the estate of Checkers or Checquers, in the county of Bucks. He m. Elizabeth, only child of M. Noble, esq. of the county of Durham, and had an only son,

i. Robert Greenhill, esq. of Checquers Court, in Buckinghamshire, who assumed, by sign manual, in 1815, the surname and arms of Russell, and was created a Baronet 15th September, 1831. Sir Robert Grcenhill-Russell was bred to the bar, and represented the borough of Thirsk for some time in parliament. He died unmarried in 1837, when the Baro

• He was appointed a major in the 2nd regiment of Foot Guards, with the rank of colonel, in 1745: and colonel of the 34th root in 1751. He commanded the 1st battalion of Foot Guards at the battle of Fontenoy.

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The Russells of Strensham, in Worcestershire, established in England at the Conquest, were possessed of Strensham so far back as the close of the thirteenth century, for at that period, SiR JAMEs Russell, lord of Strensham, presented to the living; a date which agrees with the inscription on the monument of Sir Francis Russell, buried in 1705, which states that the Russells had flourished in Strensham about 400 years. By the marriage of Sir William Russell, knt. with Agnes, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Hodington, the Russells inherited half the lands of Cassey and Cookesey. In the civil war,

1. Sin W1 LLIAM Russell,t of Strensham (who was created a BARoNET in 1626-7), acted a conspicuous part in support of the royal cause, and devoted a considerable portion of his fortune to the service of the king; yet, notwithstanding that diminution, his estate was valued at £3000 a-year when the order of the Royal Oak was projected. “In the propositions (we quote Dr. Nash's Worcestershire) offered by Mr. Henry Washington, governor of Worcester, for the surrender of that town to Mr. Edward Whalley, commander of the parliament forces, who lay at Mr. Fleet's, of Hollow, in the year 1646, the thirty-first article was, that the several garrisons of Worcester, Evesham, Strensham, Hartlebury, and Madresfield, should be disgarrisoned, and the Bishop of Worcester, Sir William Russell, and Colonel Lygon, be restored to the

possession of their houses and estates. In the treaty negotiated soon after concerning the surrender of Worcester between Mr. Washington and Major-Gene: ral Raynesborough, it was insisted upon by the latter that sir william Russell should be exempted from the benefit of the treaty. This caused a long delay: Sir William was much pressed to escape in disguise. which he refused, saying he would willingly surrender himself for the public good, he had but a life to lose, and it could not be better spent. Upon his resolute refusal to escape or stop the treaty any longer, the noblemen and gentlemen, thinking themselves bound in honour, signed a letter to Sir Thomas Fair fax, desiring that Sir William Russell might have the benefit of the treaty, and that he could not by any other means so much oblige the county. Sir Thom" replied that Sir William Russell should be used as a gentleman and be prisoner to Major-General Raynesborough. He afterwards compounded with the parliament committee for £1800 and £50 a-year settled upon his estate.”

Sir William m. Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas Reade, of Barton, in Berkshire, and had, with other issue,

FRANcis, his heir. Mary, m. first, to Wingfield, Earl of Ardglass; and secondly, to Charles Cotton, the poet

Sir William d. in 1669, and was buried at Strensham, with this inscription, “Corpus Gulielmi Russell bar" netti manerii de Strensham dom. hic in spe quiescit. Vir fuit ingenio natalibus suis digno, egregia ers" regem temporibus iniquissimis fide, mec capitis Periculo nec magma rei familiaris jactura unquam co" cussus.” Sir William was s. by his son, 11. SIR FRANcis Russell, of Strensham, who *. Anne, daughter of Sir Rowland Lytton, knt of Knebworth, in Herts, and had three daughters, his coheirs, ANNE, m. first, to Sir Harry Every, bar: of Eggington, in Derbyshire; secondly, to Richard Lygon, esq. of Beauchamp's Court, Worcestershire; and thirdly, to Sir John Guise, bart of Rendcombe, in Gloucestershire; but d. * * 22nd February, 1734. MARY, m. to Thomas Jones, esq. of Shropshire. Elizabeth, lady of the manor of Strensham, who m. William Dansey, esq. of Brinsop, in the county of Hereford, and had a daughter, CATHERINE DANsky, lady of the manor of Strensham, who m. John Ravenhill, esq." the county of Hereford, and had an only daughter and heir,

* E1.1zABETH Russell, youngest daughter of Sir John Russell, third bart. of Chippenham, married Sir T' Frankland, bart of Thirkelby, in the county of York, and was great-great-grandmother of Sir Robert Frankland, the devisee of Sir Robert Greenhill-Russell, whose grandmother, Elizabeth Russell, daughter of Governor Russell,

was niece of the said Elizabeth.

+ Sir Joha Russell, knt. of Strensham, son of Robert


Edith, daughter of Sir Thomas Umpton, died Sth October, Russell, and representative of the family at the 1562. middle of the sixteenth century, died 15th August,

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Sir Thomas Russell, knt. died "E". daughter of Sir William Spencer.

ISir William Russell,

T Anne, m- to Jolia first baronct.

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t Margaret, m. to John Winter, esq. of Hodington.

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Fraxces Ravbnhill, who tn. first, Richard Nuh, D.D. of Clerkenleap, in Worcestershire; and secondly, to Charles Trubshaw Withers, esq. of Sansonv fields, near Worcester. Sir Francis Russell died 24th January, 1705, aged sixty-eight, when the Baronetcy became Extinct, and was buried on the 2nd February following at Strensham, under a large marble monutneut, with the figure of a widow weeping orer her husband, and this inscription : « M. S. Francisci Russell, baronetti, perillDstri majorum stirpe orinndi, qui per 400 plus mums annos amplissimarnm in hac yicinia ditionum et orditun dotninus erat, quas ipse ornavit, et iu mrlius protnovit, ingenio felicissituo propensissimaque omnibus benefaciendi roluntate, nominis et parries decus uxorem Annam.filiam Rowlandi Lytton,militis, o> Kuebtiorth, in agro Hertfordiensi, cum qua per 43 annoa vitam egit, aflectu mortuo et vere conjugali, utrique gratam. H«c autem, acgre jam superstes, marito optimo monumentum hoc extrui Toluit; sua* etiara cum ejus exuviis hie reponi cupiens, plena fide et spe larta; reBurrectionis obtinenda;. Ex ilia tres auscepit filins, quas superstates reliquit, Annua, Mariain, et Elixabetham. Ipse mortem obiit, 24 Jan. A.D. 1705, a-t, sua? 08."

Sir Francis's estates were equally divided between his three daughters. Two shures were soon re-united by the death of one of the sisters; the third, after pa-siug through different proprietors, was purchased iu 1775 by Dr.Treadway Nash, brother of Dr. Richard Nash, who acquired the other two portions in marriage with Frauces Raveuhill, lady of the manor of Strensham.

Arms—Xrg. a chevron between three cross crosslets

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i. John Sabine, esq. eldest son* of John Sabine, I).l>. of Patricksbourue, in Kent, who died in 1658, married the only daughter and heir of William Allayne, esq. (who had purchased Ion House, in the parish of Upper Gravenhurst, Bedfordshire, from William Whitbread, esq. in 1(330,) and bcini* described of Ion House, wan created a Baronet in 1671. He died however without issue in 1705, when the title became Extinct. The estate at Gravenhurst he had sold to Morgan Hltide, esq. from whose family the Duke of Ken* bought it iii 1724.

Anns— Arg. an escalhp sa. on a chief of the last, two mullets pi' reed of the first.

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Sir Ralph Sadleir, knt. the distinguished statesman of Henry the Eighth's, of Edward the Sixth's, and Queen Elizabeth's reign, *». Margaret Mitchell, a laundress in the family of his first patron, the Karl of Essex, and had several children; but it being discovered that Margaret's former husband, Matthew Barre, was alive, although supposed to have died abroad, the issue of Sir Kalph and Margaret were obliged to be legitimized by act of parliament. Those children were

i. Thomas (Sir), of Standon, sheriff of Hertfordshire 29 and 37 Elizabeth. (See Burke's Commoners, Toi. ii. p. 561.) Ii. Edward, Hi. Henry, of Everley* in the county of Wilts.

l. Anne, w. to Sir George Horsey, knt. of Diggs

well, in Hertfordshire. Ii. Mary, tn. to Thomas Bowles, esq. of Wallington,

in the snnte county. III. Jane, tn. to Edward Bashe, esq. of Stansted

bury, also in Hertfordshire. It. Dorothy, m. to Edward Elrington, esq. of Bor5tall, in Essex. Sir Ralph Sadleir was of the privy council more than forty years, and during the greater part of that time one of the knights of the shire for the county of Hertford. He died at Standon 30th March, 1547, in the eightieth year of his age, leaving behind him twentytwo manors, several parsonages, and other great estates in the counties of Hertford, Gloucester, Warwick, Buckingham, and Worcester; of which, he had settled the manor of Temple Dinsley, in Herts, upon his second son,

Edward Sadleir, esq. who tn. Anne, daughter and co-heir of Sir Richard Leigh, knt. of Sopwell,t near St. Albans, and dying in the lifetime of his father, 26 Elizabeth, left issue, Leigh, his heir.

Richard, who inherited Sopwell, m. Joyce, daughter of Robert H on y wood, esq. of Charing, in Kent, and had (with issue from whom descended the Sadlcirs of .Sopwell Hall, in the county of Tipperary,) a son and heir,

Robert, of Sopwell, Herts, who left an only daughter and heir,

Ellen Sadleir, of Sopwell, who m. in 1002, Thomas Saunders, esq. of Beechwood, and by him (who sold the c stats of Sopwell to Sir Harbottle Grimston) she had an only daughter and heiress,

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