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The antiquity of this family was beyond dispute: it is manifest from the foundation of the monastery at Kenilworth, that it flourished in the time of HENRY 1. and it appears to have assumed the surname from one of the Pakingtons, in Staffordshire, Warwickshire, or Leicestershire, for in each of those counties we meet with lordships, so designated, the proprietors of which wrote themselves anciently de Pakington.* Robert PAK1NGroN, living in the reign of HENRY IV. was father of John PakingtoN, recited in an office found before Robert Russel, escheator of the county of Warwick, 11 HENRY WI. He left a son of his own name, John PAkingtoN, esq. who n. Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Washbourne, esq. of Stanford, in the county of Worcester, and had three sons, namely,

1. John, of the Inner Temple, constituted chiro grapher of the Common Pleas in the 24th of HENRY VII. during life, and being learned in the law was elected, 11 HENRY VIII. Lent reader, and in the 20th of the same reign, treasurer of the society of the Inner Temple, in which year he had a grant from the king, “that he the said John Pakington, for the time to come, shall have full liberty, during his life, to wear his hat in his presence, and his successors, or of any other persons whatsoever, and not to be uncovered on any occasion or cause whatsoever, against his will and good liking, also that he shall not be appointed, called, or compelled to take the order of knighthood, or degree, state, or order, of a baron of the Exchequer, sergeant-at-law, or any office or encumbrance thereto relating.” In 1632, he was called to be sergeant-at-law, for which the king gave him a special discharge for taking the said degree, and having been appointed a justice of North Wales, was in 1535, commissioned to conclude and compound all forfeitures, offences, fines, and sums of money due to the king, or his father HENRY VII. In 1542, he had a patent for justice of Brecknock, Glamorgan, and Radnor, in South Wales, during life, having a grant of all the manors belonging to the monastery of Westwood, in the county of Worcester, and soon after received the honour of knighthood. The many other honours conferred upon him are too mu

lived temp. HENRY II., and the late baronets had in their possession two ancient deeds, without date, judged to be at least four centuries and a half old; one of Robert Wittington, clerk, signed and sealed in the presence of Peter Wyke, Hugh Pakington, and Alexander Abbetot, knights, the other attested by Richard Spechell and Hugh Paking. ton, knights.

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Sir Thomas PAkingtoN, was in ward to the lord

privy seal, in the 37th HENRY VIII. when Catherine, his mother, then twenty-three years of age, was found one of the co-heirs of Sir John Baldwin, (who d. 22nd December, in the same year). He received the honour of knighthood from Queen MARY, and on the death of his uncle, the said Sir John Baldwin, succeeded to a great estate. He was sheriff of Worcestershire in the 3rd of Elizabeth, and dying 2nd June, 1571, at Bath Place, Holborn, was conveyed in great pomp to Ailsbury, the officers of the college of arms attending, and buried in the parish church there. His wife, who survived him, and m. secondly, Thomas Tashmarsh, esq. was the daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson, knt. of Hengrave, in Suffolk, and by her had surviving issue,

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John (Sir), his heir. Mary, m. to Sir Walter Long, knt. of Wraxall and Draycot, in Wiltshire, M.P. for that county. Catherine, m. first, to John Davis, esq. of the same county; secondly, to Sir Jasper Moore; and thirdly, to Sir – Mompesson, of Teddington. Margaret, m. to Thomas Litchfield, esq. He was s. by his son, SIR John PAKINGTON, K.B. one of the privy council, and an especial favourite of Queen Elizabeth. The queen first took notice of Sir John in her progress to Worcester, when she invited him to attend her court, where he lived at his own expense, in great splendour and reputation, with an equipage not inferior to some of the highest officers, although he had no greater honour than Knight of the Bath, which was conferred upon him in the lifetime of his father. He was re. markable for his stature and comely person, and had distinguished himself so much by his manly exercises, that he was called “Lusty Pakington.” Having by his expensive life contracted great debts, he took the wise resolution of retiring into the country, and said he would feed on bread and verjuice until he had made up his extravagancies; which coming to the royal ear, the queen gave him a grant of a gentleman's

| estate in Suffolk, worth eight or nine hundred pounds

a year, besides goods and chattels, which had escheat. ed to the crown, but after he had been in the country to take possession, he could not behold the miseries of the distressed family without remorse and compassion; and the melancholy spectacle of the unhappy mother and her children, wrought so effectually upon his fine feelings, that he repaired to court immedi. ately, and humbly besought the queen to excuse him from enriching himself by such means, and did not leave the presence until he had obtained his request. which involved the restoration of the property to the rightful owner. Soon after this he left the court. but not before he had liquidated all his debts; and then, with great reputation and honour, he commenced his journey into the country, being handsomely at: tended by servants and tenants to the number of sixty, well mounted and appointed, who came pur. posely from his estates to pay him this compliment, and waited at the court gates while he was taking leave of the queen. After his settlement in the country, Eliza BETH granted him, for sixty years, (in the 25th of her reign,) for his good and faithful services. several lordships, manors, and lands, which had fallen to the crown, in no less than seventeen counties. He was also constituted lieutenant and custos rotulorum of Worcestershire, and appointed bow bearer of Malvern Chase, one of the best in England, which he retained until he had finished his noble park at Hampton Lovet, and then, that chase being at too great a distance from his dwelling, he obtained the queen's leave to dispose of it. He was in Eliza seria's favour to the end, as appears as well from other evidence, as from a grant she made him for eight years, fin the 40th year of her reign, he paying into the Exchequer £40 per annum,) that no one should import into the kingdom, or make any starch, but by his permiss"By his affability and obliging deportment, he acquired the good opinion of his equals and inferiors; and by his courage and resolution, on occasions requiring the

* LELAND takes notice that he resided at a very goodly new house of brick, called Hampton Court, six miles from Worcester, which lordship was purchased from the Lord Mountjoy.

* Another anthority states, that Sir John Pakington, knt. m. Anne, daughter of Henry Dacres, late sheriff of London, and widow of Robert Fairthwayte, of London, merchant taylor, and that she was buried at St. Buttolph's, **1 August, 1563, but does not mention her as widow ol

Tychbourne; by her will, however, she bequeaths to her son, Nicholas Tychbourne, and his children, the greater part of her estate, plate, jewels, &c.

; Stow, vol. i. p. 29, says, “Rob ERT PAKENTox, *cer, slain with a gun, as he was going to morrow *. from his house in Cheape, to St. Thomas of Acars. * the year 1536; the murderer was never discovered, tby his own confession, made when he came to the slows, at Banbury, to be hanged for felony.”

exercise of those attributes, he became formidable to persons in power; a memorable instance of this occurred when he executed the office of sheriff for his county. The Lord Chief Baron Periam, having committed a gentleman at the assizes, Sir John sitting in his sheriff's seat, called to him to stay, telling the judge he would answer for his forthcoming; neither could he be dissuaded, by all the menaces he received from the bench, from adhering to this resolution, boldly alleging in his defence, that the gentleman was his prisoner, and he, as sheriff, was accountable for him. Sir John Pakington m. the daughter of Mr. Humphry Smith, of Cheapside, Queen Elizabeth's silkman, of an ancient family in Leicestershire. The lady was the widow of Benedict Barnham, esq. an alderman of London, “who left her very rich, and that consideration, together with her youth and beauty, made it impossible for her to escape the addresses even of the greatest persons about the court; but Sir John was the only happy man who knew how to gain her, being recommended by his worthy friend, Mr. William Seabright, town clerk of London, who had purchased the manor of Besford, in Worcestershire. This lady had by her first husband four daughters, which were very young when they lost their father, and therefore needed a faithful friend to manage and improve their fortunes, in which capacity Sir John acquitted himself so honourably, that they had ten thousand pounds each for portion, an immense sum in those days." Sir John Pakington had issue, one son and two daughters, viz.

John, his heir.

Anne, m- first to Sir Humphrey Ferrers, knt. of Tamworth, and secondly, to Philip, first Earl of Chesterfield.

Mary, m- to Sir Robert Brooke, of Nacton, in Suffolk, master of the ceremonies to King JAMEs 1

This great man who lived to see his children's children, departed this life at his house at Westwood, in the seventy-seventh year of his age, in January, 1625. His widow married thirdly, Lord Kilmurry, and fourthly, Thomas, Earl of Kelly. His son and heir, 1. Sia John PAKINGtoN, bart. of Ailesbury, in the county of Bucks, created 22nd June, 1620, m. Frances, daughter of Sir John Ferrers, knt. of Tam

worth, and by that lady, who m. secondly, Alexander Lesley, Earl of Leven, had, with a daughter, who m. first, Colonel Washington, and secondly Samuel Sandys, esq. of Ombersley, in the county of Worcester, an only son, John. Sir John resided at Ailesbury, and was elected to parliament by that borough, in the 21st of JAMEs I, but died at the early age of twenty-four, in October, 1624, previously to his father, and was s. by his son, ii. Sir John PAkingtoN, who at the decease of his grandfather, inherited the estates of the family, and resided subsequently at Westwood. He was then in his fifth year, and under the guardianship of Lord Coventry, the then lord keeper, “by whose vigilant care of his education, both by travel and other advantages, he became a most accomplished gentleman.” He was elected one of the knights for Worcestershire, in the 15th Charles I. and when the rebellion broke out, was member for Ailesbury; and having on all occasions given proofs both of his fidelity to the crown, and the rights of the subject, was entrusted by the king, in 1642, with a commission for arraying men for his service in Worcestershire, on account of which he was taken prisoner, committed to the Tower, and fined f:5000: had his estate sequestered, his house in Buckinghamshire (one of the best in that county) levelled with the ground, and such great wastes committed in his woods, that an estimate of the loss, still remaining in the hand writing of his lady, amounts to £20,348. His zeal in the loyal cause never swerved, for notwithstanding the had suffered so much for his loyalty, he had the courage to join King CHARLEs II. with a troop of horse, at the battle of Worcester, and was taken prisoner there, yet was so popular, that when afterwards tried for his life, not one witness could be procured to swear against him; he was consequently acquitted and set at liberty, but was afterwards fined £7670, and compelled for the said fine, to convey the market house, the tolls, the court leet, and certain grounds called Heydon Hill, parcel of the estate at Ailesbury, to Thomas Scot, (who was one of the king's judges,) and other trustees, for the use of the town, which they kept until after the Restoration, when, by a special act of parliament, the said conveyances were made void. Sir John m. Dorothy, one of the daughters of his guardian, Thomas, Lord Coventry, and had with two daughters, the elder m. to Anthony Eyre,

• Those ladies were married, the eldest to Lord Audley, the second, Alice, to Sir Francis Bacon, the celebrated chancellor, created Viscount St. Alban's; the third to Sir William Soannes, and the youngest to Sir William Constable.

* After he had finished his stately structure at Westwood, Sir John invited the Earl of Northampton, lord president, and his countess, to a house warming; and as his lordship was a jovial companion, a train of above * knights and gentlemen accompanied him, who staid there some time, and at their departure, acknowledged they had met with so kind a reception, that they did not Race whether they had possessed the place, or the place thern- The delightful situation of his mansion was what they had never before seen; the house standing in the middle of a wood, cut into twelve large ridings and at a good distance, one riding through all of them, the whole surrounded by a park of six or seven miles, with, at the further end, facing the house, an artificial lake of 122 acres. His most splendid entertainment was given, however, to Jaxes i- and his queen, at Ailsbury, when his majesty honoured him with a visit, after his arrival from Scotland, before his coronation: upon this occasion he set no bounds to expense, thinking it a disparagement to be outdone by any fellow subject, when such an opportunity effered, and the king and court that they had never met with a more noble reception.

- Lloy D, in his lives of the statesmen and favourites * England, since the Reformation, thus speaks of Sir

John Pakington: “His handsome features look the most, and his meat parts the wisest at. He could smile ladies to his service, and argue statesmen to his design, with equal ease. His reason was powerful, his beauty more. Never was a brave soul more bravely seated; nature bestowed great parts on him, education polished him to an admirable frame of Prudence and virtue. Queen Elizabeth called him her Temperance, and Leicester his Modesty. It is a question to this day, whether his resolution took the soldiers, his prudence the politicians, his compliance the favourites, his complaisance the courtiers, his piety the clergy, his integrity and condescension the people, or his knowledge the learned, most. This new conrt star was a nine days' wonder, engaging all eyes, until it set satisfied with its own glory. He came to court, he said, as Solomon did, to see its vanity, and retired as he did, to repent it. It was he who said first, what Bishop Sanderson urged afterwards, That a sound faith was the best divinity, a good conscience the best law, and temperance the best physic. Sir John Pakington in Queen EtizA BETH's time was virtuous and modest, and Sir John Pakington, in King Ch ARLEs’s time, loyal and valiant; the one did well, the other suffered so. Greenham was his favourite, Hammond his, the one had a competent estate and was contented, the other hath a large one and is noble; this suppresseth factions in the kingdom, the other composed them in the court, and was called by courtiers Moderation. Westmoreland tempted his fidelity, and Norfolk his steadfastness; but he died in his bed an honest and a happy man.”

esq. of Rampton, Notts; the younger, to William Godfrey, esq. of Lincolnshire, an only son, his successor, at his decease, 13th January, 1680." 111. Sir John PAkingtoN, M.P. for Worcestershire, temp. King CHARLEs II. and King JAMEs II. who m. Margaret, daughter of Sir John Keyt, bart. of Ebrington, in Gloucestershire, and died in March, 1688, when he was s. by his only child, iv. Sir John PAK1NGto.N. This gentleman was a strenuous asserter of the rights and liberties of the country, and in the year 1702, preferred that remarkable complaint to the House of Commons, against William, Lord Bishop of Worcester, and Mr. Lloyd his son, for interfering in the election of the county of Worcester, by sending threatening letters to the clergy and freeholders, and aspersing his conduct in parliament.t Sir John was constantly elected one of the knights for Worcestershire in every parliament, from his first being chosen, at nineteen years of age, (except one, when he voluntarily declined it,) to his death, notwithstanding the powerful opposition generally made against him. He m. first, Frances, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Parker, bart. of Hunnington, in the county of Warwick, by whom he had two sons, John and Thomas, who both died young and unmarried, and two daughters, viz. Margaret. Frances, m. to Thomas Charles, Wiscount Tracy, of Ireland. Sir John m. secondly, Hester, daughter and sole heir of Sir Herbert Perrot, knt. of Haroldstone, in the county of Pembroke, and by that lady had a son, HERakar-l'Error, his successor. He d. 13th August, 1727, was interred with his ancestors at Hampton-Lovet, and s. by his son, v. Sir HERBERT-PERRor PAK iNGroN, M. P. for the county of Worcester, who m. in 1721, Elizabeth, daughter of John Conyers, esq. of Walthamstow, in Essex, and had issue, John, H eitbert-PERRor, Hester. Cecilia. 11e d. 24th September, 1748, at Leyden, and was s. by his elder son, wi. Sir John PakingtoN, who m. in 1761, Mary, daughter of Henry Bray, esq. of Bromyard, in Herefordshire, but died s. p. 30th November, 1762, when he was s. by his brother, v1.1. Sir HERBERT-PERRot PARINGroN, who m. in 1750, Elizabeth, daughter of Caesar Hawkins, esq. and relict of Herbert Wylde, esq. of Ludlow, in the county of Salop, and by that lady (who d. 23rd February, 1u12,) had issue,

}*th and seventh baronets.

• It is accomplished wife died 13th May, in the year 11, c. ling. Her ladyship who was esteemed one of the must learned of her sex at the time, is the reputed author ul ille well known treatise, The Whole Duty of Man.

1 The House of Commons after hearing evidence,

Itesolved, nem, con. "I hat Sir John Pakington has fully made out the charge will, I he exhibited against the Lord Bishop of Worcester.

Itesolved, mem. con. inal Sir John Pakington has fully made out the charge a unal Mr. Lloyd, the said Lord Bishop's son.

itesolved, 11|al it appears to this House, that the proceedings of William, Lord Bishop of Worcester, his son, and his "... m., in order to the hindering of the election of a memIn , 1, the county of Worcester, has been malicious, un, , 1,11am, and arbitrary, in high violation of the liberties •ul "vilege of the Commons of England.


John, his successor. Thomas, d.s. p.

Elizabeth, m. to William Russell, esq. of Powick, in the county of Worcester, and dying in May, 1813, left a son, John SoMERser Russell, who assumed the surname of PAkiNGToN on the death of the eighth baronet. Dorothy, deceased. ANNE. Louisa, deceased. Sir Herbert d. at Bath in 1795, and was s. by his son, v111. SiR John PAki NctoN, D.C.L. born in 1760, who died s. p. 6th January, 1830, when the title became Extincr. The estates descended to John SoMERs Et Russ Ell, esq. (son of Elizabeth, Sir John Pakington's eldest sister), and to Anne Pakington, Sir John's younger sister, as joint heirs at law. Mr. Russell has assumed the surname of PackINGrox.

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1. JoHN PALGRAve, esq. of Norwood Barningham, |

in the county of Norfolk, who was created a BARoNET by CHARLEs I. 24th June, 1641. Sir John m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of John Jermy, esq. of Gunton, in the same county, and had issue, AccustiNE, his heir. John. Elizabeth. He m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir William de Grey, of Martin, also in Norfolk, and widow of Cotton Gascoign, esq. of Islington, in Middlesex, and by that lady had William. Clement. Ursula, who m. – Smith, and was mother of SAMUEL SwitH, of Colkirk, whose four daughters, (Catherine, wife of Thomas Bendish, esq.; Ursula, of Offley, of Derbyshire; Theodosia, wife of Samuel Sparrow, gent. of Lanham; and Lucy, wife first of Pett, of Debenham, and secondly of Jonas Rolph, of Lyme,) were co-heirs to Sir Richard Palgrave, the last baronet. Sir John was s. by his eldest son, 11. Sir AucustiNE PALGRAve, who m. first, Barbara, daughter of Cotton Gascoign, esq. of Islington, and secondly, Katherine, daughter of Sir William Spring, and relict of - Lawrence, esq. of Brockdish, Herts, but by those ladies had no issue. He m. thirdly, Miss Howe, eldest daughter of Sir Richard Grubham Howe, bart. of Wishford, Wilts, and by her had surviving issue. Richa RD, his heir. Elizabeth. Urith. He was s. at his decease by his son, 111. Sir Richard PALGRAve, who d. unm. 3rd November, 1732, when the BARoNETcy Expired : at his death, the lordship of Northwood Berningham, by a decree in Chancery, was ordered to be sold, by his heirs, who were the four daughters of Samuel Smith, esq. late of Colkirk, in Norfolk, who was son of Ursula, daughter of Sir John Palgrave, the first baronet.

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SIR HENRY PARKER, who was summoned to parliament as BARON MoRLEY, from 15th April, 1523, to 28th October, 1555. He m. Alice, daughter of Sir John St. John, of Bletsho, in the county of Bedford, and had an only son (who predeceased him).

SiR HENRY PARKER, K. B. so created at the coronation of Queen ANNE Boley N.E. He m. first, Grace, daughter of John Newport, esq. and by that lady had (with two daughters) a son,

HENRY, who became Lord Morley at the decease of his grandfather, in 1555. His grandson, William Parker, Lord Monteagle and Morley, was the nobleman to whom the remarkable letter was addressed, which led to the discovery of the Gunpowder plot. (See BURRE's Peerage and Baronetage.) Sir Henry m. secondly, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir Philip Calthorp, knt. of Erwarton, in Suffolk,+ and by her had a son, SiR Philip PARKER, of Erwarton, who was sheriff of Suffolk in 1578, and in that year received the honour of knighthood from Queen Eliza BETH, in her progress through the county. He married Catherine, daughter of Sir John Goodwin, of Winchendon, Bucks, and had surviving issue,

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Winifrid, m. to Sir John Barker, bart. of Trimley, in Suffolk. :) d. unm. Mary, Mercy, married first, to William Guibbon, esq. of Thursford; and secondly, to Edmond Wodehouse, esq. of East Lexham, in Norfolk. Sir Philip was s. by his eldest son, 1. PHILIP PARKER, esq. of Arwarton, in the county of Suffolk, who was created a BARoNET 16th July, 1661. He m. first, Rebecca, daughter of Sir Walter Long, bart. of Whaddon, and by her had issue, Philip, his heir. CAlthoRPE, who inherited the estates of his maternal uncle, Sir Walter Long, bart. of Whaddon, and assumed the surname of LoNo. He resided at Whaddon after the decease of his uncle in 1710; but dying without issue, those estates passed, under the will of the said Sir Walter, to Calthorpe's nephew, SIR PHILIP PARKER A MoR LEY, bart. Walter, d. unm.

coancillor to Richard III. m. Alice Lovel, only daughter and heir of Henry Lovel, Lord Morley,"

Rebecca, Mary, d. unm. and left a son and heir,


* Which Henry was son and heir of sie WILLIAM LovEL, by ALIANore MoRLEY, his wife, the daughter and heir of Robert Morley, Lord Morley. Sir William, in right of the said Arianore, was himself summoned to parliament as Lord Morley, his father-in-law being then dead.

* By Amata, his wife, daughter of Sir William Bo

leyne, and aunt to Queen ANNE Boley NE. The estate of Erwarton or Arwarton came to the Calthorpes by the intermarriage of Sir Oliver Calthorpe with Isabel, sister and heir of Sir Bartholomew Bacon, of Erwarton.

t By Winifrid, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon, knt. of Hiveky, in Norfolk.

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