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Essex.* He left two daughters, his coheir*,
The second son,
Philip Englefeld, esq. in. Alice, daughter and heir of Walter Rossale, and sister and heir of Sir John Rossale, knt. and thereby acquired the Isle of Rossel, Udlington, Eton, and Yeagden, in the county of Salop. He had issue,
Philip, his successor.
The elder son,
Philip Englefeld, esq. of Englefeld, served the
office of sheriff of Berkshire in 1430, and died in nine
years after, without issue, and was s. by his hrother,
Robert Englefeld, esq. of Englefeld, who d. in
1473, and was s. by his grandson.
Sir Thomas Englefeld, of Englefeld, (son of John Englefeld, by Joan, daughter of John Milborn,) who received the honour of knighthood on the marriage of Prince Arthur, son of Henry VII. In 1406, he was elected speaker of the House of Commons, and in 1505, was made judge or justice of Chester, which office he held until his death and was speaker of the first parliament called by Henry VIII. He m. Margery, daughter of Sir Richard Danvers, knt. of Prescot, and had, with other issue,
Richard, who d. without issue.
Thomas, successor to his father.
Elizabeth, m. to Robert White, esq.
Joan, m. to Henry Lenhara, esq.
Anne, m. to William Delabere, esq.
Margaret,;//. to John Lyngen, esq. He was i. by his son,
Sir Thomas Englefeld, of Englefeld, who was »heriffof the counties of Berks and Oxford in 1520, and having been educated at the Middle Temple, was the next year autumnal reader, and called to the dignity of the coif by letters patent, dated 3rd December, 1524. He had £100 per annum granted to him for life, and three years after was constituted one of the justices of the Court of Common Pleas, having received the honour of knighthood. He m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Throckmorton, knt. of Coughton, and had issue,
Francis (Sir), his successor.
John, heir to his brother.
Anne, m. to Humphrey Coningsby, esq. ancestor of the Earls of Coningsby.
Susan, m. to Humphrey Burdet, esq.
Margaret, m. first to George Carew, esq. and secondly, to Sir Edward Saunders, knt. lord chief baron of the Exchequer, temp. Elizabeth. He died in 1537, and was s. by his eldest son,
Sir Francis Englefeld, of Englefeld, who was sheriff of the counties of Berks and Oxford, at the death of Hknry VIII. and first year of Edward VI. and received the honour of knighthood22nd February, 1547. He was one of the chief officers in the Princess Mary's family, and one of those sent by the protector and council to prohibit the hearing and cele
brating mass In her hlghness'e house; but refusing to deliver such orders, and submitting rather to any punishment, he was committed for several months to prison, with Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Walgrave, and Dr. Francis Mallet, the princess's chaplain. Upon Quan Mary's accession to the throne,he was,in consideration of his faithful services, sworn of the privy council, appointed master of the wards, and had from the crown, the manor and park of Fulbrook, in the county of Warwick, to hold in capite, being part of the forfeited lands of the attainted John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. He sate in parliament, in the same reign, for the county of Berks; but on Elizabeth's accession, he was obliged, with Sir Thomas Gage, Sir Thomas Shelley, and others, to depart the kingdom. In the 0th of Elizabeth, he was indicted in the King's Bench for high treason committed at Nemures, in partlbus transmarinis, and outlawed. He was subsequently attainted and convicted of high treason, at the parliament, 20th October, 26 ElizaBeth, and all his manors, lands, and vast possessions were declared forfeited to the queen; but Sir Francis, having by indenture of the 18th of the same reign, settled his manor and estate of Englefield on Francis, his nephew, with power, notwithstanding, of revoking his grant, if he, during his natural life, should deliver or tender to his nephew a gold ring; with intent to make void the uses of his said settlement, various disputes and points of law arose, whether the said manor and estate of Englefield were forfeited to the queen; but the case, after procrastinated discussion, not appearing clear, the queen, in the ensuing parliament, 35 Elizabeth, had a special act passed to confirm the attainder, and to establish the forfeiture to herself, her heirs, and assigns; enacting that the queen should take the advantage of revocating an assurance, with a condition made by him upon the tender of a ring of gold to his nephew, Ac.; and the queen in consequence tendering by R. Broughton and H. Bouchier, the ring to Englefield, the nephew, seized and confiscated the said manors and estate, and many other possessions. By this arbitrary stretch of power, the manor and estate of Englefeld, which had been upwards of 780 years in the family, were alienated and transferred to the crown. Sir Francis retired to Valladolid, in Spain, where he was a bountiful benefactor to the English College, and being worn out with persecution and years, died, and was buried there, about the year 1502. He m. Catherine, daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Fettiplace,of Compton Beauchamp, in the Vale of Berks; but having no issue, the representation of the family devolved upon his brother,
John Englefeld, esq. Lord of Wotton Basset, in Wiltshire, who m. Margaret, daughter of Sir Edward Fitton, knt. lord president of Connaught, of Gaws worth, in Cheshire,! and dying 1st April, 1507, was s. by his only child,
i. Francis Englefield, esq. of Wotton Basset, in the county of Wilts, as well as Englefield, in Berks, who was created a Baronet by King James I. 25th November, 1012. Sir Francis m. a daughter of the Honourable Anthony Brown, eldest son of Anthony, first Viscount Montagu, and had issue,
i. Thomas, m. Mary, daughter of William WoUascot, esq. of Shenfield, Berkshire, but died before his father, s. p. ii. Francis (Sir), heir to his father, in. Thomas, who s. as fourth baronet.
'Here lyth Nicholas Inglefield Esquyr, sometime Controler of the Hous to King Rychard II. who died the first of April, in the Yerc of Grasc, M.cccc. xv. whoa Soul, Jesu Perdon. Amen, Amen, Amen.
t By Mary, his wife, daughter of Sir Gniscard Harbottle, knt. of Horton, and Jane, his wife, daughter of Sir Henry WUloughby, knt. of Risley, in the county of Derby.
Iv. John, d. before his father, unm. v. Anthony, of White Knights, near Reading, m. Susan, daughter of – Ryley, esq. of Oxford, by whom, who d. 2nd June, 1664, and was buried in the middle of the north chancel of Sunning Church, Berks, he had a son and heir, Anthony, who m. Alice, daughter of Thomas Stokes, esq. of London, and had a numerous family." He was s. by his eldest surviving son, Henry, of White-Knights, who m. Catherine, daughter of Benjamin Poole, esq. of London, and had with other issue,t HENRY, who s. as sixth baronet. v1. William, who left at his decease in 1662, a daughter and heir, the wife of – Fettiplace, esq. v11. Henry, m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of - Pickford, of Cornwall, but by her had no issue; secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Blount, bart. of Sodington, by whom he had, Henry, d. unm. Elizabeth, m. to Sir William Kennedy, of Ireland. Mary, m. to Thomas Havers, esq. of Thelton, in Norfolk. Catherine. He wedded, thirdly, Anne, daughter of John Huband, esq. of Ipsley, in the county of Warwick, but by that lady had no issue. 1. Dorothy, m. to Sir Edward Morgan, bart. of Llantarnam, in Monmouthshire. 11. Mary, m. to Christopher, fourth Lord Teynham. 111. Margaret, m. first, to Hatton Berners, esq. of Whittlebury, in the county of Northampton, and secondly, to Sir William Bradshaigh, knt. Sir Francis lived until 1631, as appears by a beautiful monument in the north chapel of Englefield Church, against the north wall, adorned with the portraitures of a knight in armour, and his lady, both kneeling at a desk; behind him kneel four sons, and behind her one daughter, in praying postures; on the side of the desk, the arms of Englefield, impaling Browne; under the monument, there is a brass plate on a stone thus engraved: Here lyeth interr'd The Body of Sir Francis Englefield, Baronet, (Only Child of John Englefield, Esq.; and Margaret, His Wife,) who married Jane, eldest Daughter to Anthony Browne, Eldest Son of Anthony, Viscount Mountagu, By whom he had issue ten Children, viz. Thomas, Dorothy, Francis, Thomas, John, A": William, Mary, Margaret, nd Henry; of which, Thomas, the elder, Dorothy, and John, Died before their Father. He dyed The 26th of Octb.
Sir Francis was s. by his eldest surviving son, 11. SiR FRANcis ENGLEFIELD, bart. who had received the honour of knighthood from King JAMEs I. 10th August, 1622. He m. Winifred, daughter and co-heir of William Brooksby, esq. of Sholeby, in the county of Leicester, and had issue,
FRANcis, his heir.
Helen, m. to Sir Charles Waldegrave, bart. and
Sir Francis d. 1st May, 1666,! and was s. by his son, 111. SiR FRANcis ENGLEFIELD, bart. who m. Lady Honoria O'Bryen, daughter of Henry, Earl of Thomond, but had no issue; his lady surviving him, married secondly, Sir Robert Howard, knt. sixth son of Thomas, first Earl of Berkshire. The baronet was s. in his title and estates by his uncle,
iv. SiR Thomas ENGLE Field, bart. who m. first, Mary, daughter of Sir Henry Winchcomb, bart, but by that lady had no issue. He wedded, secondly, Mary, daughter of George Huntley, esq. of the county of Gloucester, and had
CHARLEs, his successor.
Anne, d. unm. in 1678.
Sir Thomas was s. at his decease by his son,
v. SIR CHARLEs ENGLE Field, bart. who m. Susan, natural daughter of John, Lord Culpeper, and had issue, Thomas and Charlotte, who both died young. He d. 21st April, 1728, and was s. by his cousin (refer to issue of Anthony, of White Knights, fifth son of the first baronet),
v1. SiR HENRY ENclefield, bart. who m. first in 1742, Mary, daughter of Thomas Berkeley, esq. of Spetchley, in the county of Worcester, by whom he had no surviving issue. He wedded, secondly, in 1751, Catharine, daughter of Sir Charles Bucke, bart of Hanby Grange, in the county of Lincoln, and by that lady had
HENRY-Charles, his heir. Francis. Francis-Michael.
He d. 25th May, 1780, and was s. by his eldest son,
vii. SiR HENRY-CHARLEs ENGLEFIELD, bart. who d. 21st March, 1822, when the title became Extinct.
Arms—Az. a griffin passant and a chief or.
* There were ten sons and seven daughters. The fortner all died unmarried, except HENRY, the fourth son, she sacceeded his father. Of the daughters, Martha, m. Lister Blount, esq. of Maple Durham; Elizabeth, m. William, son of Sir John Dorrington, knt. of Sussex; and Mary, m- Sir William Swinburne, bart. of Caphea. ian, the others were either nuns or died unmarried. * The younger children of this Henry and Catherine Poole (who survived his widow, and m. Edward Webb, esq- of Gray’s Inn, London), were Charles, #: d. unm. Catherine, d. young. Theresa. Martha. Mary, m. to Francis Smith Carrington, esq. of Wotton Hall, in Warwickshire. Elizabeth. Anne.
| Sir Francis was obliged to obtain the following letter from King CHARLEs I. to protect him from the pains and penalties of recusancy:
WHEREAs our trusty and well beloved Sir Francis Englefield, Knight and Baronet, being a recusant, is thereby subject to our laws and statutes in that case provided: these are to signify our royal will and pleasure, that no person or persons shall, at any time hereafter, sue, prosecute, or implead, either by way of indictment, information, or otherwise, against the said Sir Francis, for being a recusant, or convicted by virtue of any of our laws or statutes against Popish recusants, till we shall signify our pleasure to the contrary. Given under our signet, at our palace of Westminster, Decemb, the 6th, in the 10th year of our reign.
James En Yon, esq- of Honingham, Warwickshire, who purchased the manor of Flore, in Northamptonshire, died '2.1th September, 1623, leaving by Constance fain wife, a son and successor,
James Enyon, esq. of Flore, who m. Dorothy, eldest daughter of Thomas Coxe, esq. of Bishops Itchington,in Warwickshire, and by her, who m. secondly, John Wyrley, esq. of Dodford, and died in 1078, aged eightythree, had, with two daughters, Constance, m. in 1631, to Robert Wilmer, esq. of Sywcll, and Alice, m. to Hannibal Horsey, esq. of Honingham, a son,
i. James Enyon, esq. of Flore, who was created a Baronet in 1612. He m. Jane, daughter of Sir Adam Newton, bart. of Charlton, in Kent, and had issue, DoROTHY.m.toThomasStanley.esq.sonandheirof Sir Thomas Stanley, of Cumberlon Green, Herts. Constance, m. to Richard Minshull, eldest surviving son of Richard, Lord Minshull. Catherine, m. first to Sir George Buswell, bart. of Clipston, and secondly, to Sir John Garrard, bart. of Lamer; by the latter she left a daughter and heir, Jane Garrard, m. to Montagu Drake, esq. of Shardeloes. Sir James Enyon, before the expiration of the year in which he was created a baronet, fell in a duel with Sir Nicholas Crispe. Both parties were volunteers in the royal cause, and the dispnte arose at their quarters in Gloucestershire. The fatal result made an indelible impression on the mind of the survivor, who ever after wore mourning, except in the field of battle, when he cherished the hope of being united to his friend by a fortunate bullet; and through life, hallowed every return of the melancholy anniversary, by closing his chamber in darkness, and devoting himself to fasting and prayer. Sir James Enyon dying without male issue, the title expired with him. The manor of Flore, after passing through many families, is now the property of that of Pack.
Arms—Arg. a chev. between three ravens sa.
III. served as sheriff of Wiltshire 22nd Elizabeth.
John (Sir), knt. of Whetham, ancestor of the
Mary, m. to William Blacker, esq. of New Sarnm.
Edward Ernle, esq. of Etchilhampton, in Wiltshire, baptized at Calne 4th December, 1587, whom. Gertrude, daughter of John St. Lowe, esq. of Knighton, in the same county, and by her, who d. 21st April, 1602, had two sons, viz.
Walter (Sir), his heir.
Michael, of Brimslade, in Wiltshire, who m. Mary,
Another daughter, m. to William Jones, esq. of Ramsbury Manor, Wilts, and had two daughters and co-heirs,
Elizabeth, m. to William Langham,
esq. Eleanor, m. to Francis Burdctt, esq.
Mr. Ernie d. 30th November, 1650, was buried at Bishop's Cannings, and s. by his son,
i. Sir Walter Ernle, of Etchilhampton, who was created a Baronet 2nd February, 1660-1. He m. Martha, daughter of Edward Tooker, esq. of Maddington, and sister and co-heir of Sir Giles Tooker, bart. and had by her (who was buried at Maddington 14th May, 1683) two sons and a daughter, viz.
i. Edward, b. 17th October, 1049; m. Anne.daugh-
Henry Drax, esq. of Ellerton Abbey, who «*. Elizabeth, only surviving daughter and heir of Sir Edward Ernle, bart. ii. Walter, of Conock, in Wiltshire, high sheriff of that county in 1710; m. Mary, sister and coheir of Anthouy Hungerford, esq. of the Leigh. near Cricklade, and dying 27th January, 1720-1, left issue,
1. WALTER (Sir), of Conock, who inherited | the BARoNETcy on the demise of his cousin, Sir Edward Ernle, bart. of Maddington, third baronet. Sir Walter d.s. p. 16th July, 1732, aged fifty-six.
2. John (Sir), of Conock, successor to his brother as fifth baronet.
1. Gertrude, m. to Isaac Warriner, esq. and d. 21st December, 1709, and was mother of Gifford Warriner, esq. who m. his cousin, Elizabeth Ernle.
1. Susan, baptized 24th November, 1665, m. at Maddington 14th September, 1685, to William Whitaker, esq. of Motcomb, in Dorsetshire.
Sir Walter d. 25th July, 1682, was buried at Bishop's Cannings, and s. by his grandson,
11. SIR WALTER ERNLE, who d. in minority in 1690, and was s. by his brother,
III. SIR Edward ERNLE, who m. FRANCEs, only daughter and heir of General the Rt. Hon. Thomas Ealk, of Charborough, member of the privy council teap. Queen ANNE and GeoRGE I. and had an only daughter and heir,
ElizaBETH, who m. Henry Drax, esq. of Ellerton Abbey, in Yorkshire, and was great grandmother of the present Mrs. SAw BRIDGE ERLE-DRAx, of Charborough Park, in Dorsetshire.
Sir Edward Ernle d. 31st January, 1728-9, and was s. in the baronetcy by his cousin,
iv. Sir WALTER ERNLE, at whose decease s. p. 16th July, 1732, aged fifty-six, the title passed to his brother,
v. The Rev. Sir John ERNLE, rector of All Cannings, Wilts, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of John Smith, esq. of Alton, and d. 30th March, 1734, leaving an only surviving daughter and heir,
ElizaBETH, b. 30th April, 1718, who m. Gifford Warriner, esq. and d. 17th November, 1757, leaving a son and successor,
Girror D WARRINER, esq. of Conock, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel Hutfield, esq. of Hays, in Kent, and d. 30th January, 1820, aged seventy-four, leaving two sons,
Eaxle WARRINER, of Conock Manor House, Wilts, m. Susan, second daughter of the Rev. John Amyet, of South Brent in Devon, and has issue.
Sir John died 30th March, 1734, when the baronetcy was assumed by his kinsman,"
vi. Six Micha EL ERNLE, of Brimslade Park, who died unm. 16th February, 1771, aged sixty-seven, and was s. by his brother,
vu. THE REv. SIR Edward ERNLE, rector of Avington. Berks, who d. 26th December, 1787, aged seventyfive, the last male heir of this family.
Arms-Arg. on a bend sa.. three eagles displayed or.
The family of Essex, one of remote antiquity, was originally settled in the county from which it derived its surname, but acquired considerable property in Berks, temp. HENRY VIII. partly by inheritance from the Rogerses, of Benham, and partly by purchase.
THoMAs Essex, esq. of Bewcot, in Berkshire, son and heir of Sir Thomas Essex, knt. of the same place, married Joan, daughter of Thomas Harrison, esq. and had, with a daughter, Joan, wife of William Anderson, esq. a son and successor,
1. WiLLIAM Essex, esq. of Bewcot, in Berkshire, who was created a BARoNet in 1612. He m. Jane, eldest daughter of Sir Walter Harcourt, of Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire, and had a son,
CHARLEs, colonel in the parliamentary service.
Sir William having subsequently dissipated his ample inheritance, accepted the command of a company of foot, under the parliament, in the regiment commanded by his son Colonel Charles Essex, and was taken prisoner at the battle of Edgehill, in which his son was slain. Sir William died soon after, s. p. and the BARoNETCY EXPired.
"There must have been a special limitation in the patent, branch, which derived from the brother of the first baronet.
or the title could not have descended to the Brimslade
Henry Etherikcton, esq. descended from the EtheringtonB of Great Driffield, in the county of York, was a merchant of opulence, at Kingston-upon-Hull, and m. Miss Jane Porter, by whom he had surviving issue,
Henry, his heir.
Margaret, m. to John Mons, esq. of Walsingham,
He was *. at his decease by his son,
i. Henry ETHERiNGTON,esq.of Kingston-upon-Hull, who was created a Baronet 22nd November, 1775. Sir Henry m. Maria-Constantia, daughter of Sir Thomas Cane, bart. but dying .v. p. 16th August, 1819, the title became Extinct.
Arms—Per pale, argent and sable, three lions rampant countercbanged, two and two.
The family of Evelyn came, according to the earliest accounts, from Evelyn, in Shropshire, and removed thence to Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, temp. Hknry IV. In 1579,
George Evelyn, esq. of Long Ditton, (who first brought the art of makiug gunpowder to perfection in England) purchased Wotton, in Surrey. He m. first, Rose, daughter aud heir of Thomas Williams, esq. nephew of Sir John Williams, knt. by whom he had ten sous and six daughters, of whom, Thomas (Sir), was of Long DittonJohn (Sir), was of Godstone.
George, was of Everley and West Dene. The daughter and heiress of Sir John Evelyn, Knt. of West Dene, m. Robert Pierrepoint, esq. of Thoresby, and was mother of Evelyn, Duke of Kingston. He wedded, secondly, Joan Stint, nnd had by her six sons and two daughters, of whom be left surviving at
his decease in 1603, a daughter, Catherine, m. to Thomas Stoughton, esq. of Stoughton, and one son,
Richard, of Wotton, ancestor of the Evelyns of Wotton, and of John Evelyn, esq. the elegant author of " Silvia." The second son of George Evelyn, by his first wife,
Sir John Evelyn, knt. of Godstone and Marden, M. P. took part with the parliament against the kinc, and was a distinguished actor in the unhappy events of the disastrous period in which he lived. He m. Elizabeth, daughter and heir of William Stevens, and had issue,
John, his heir.
Elizabeth, m. to Edward Engham.
Frances, m. to Francis Clerk.
Margaret, m. to John Saunders.
Ann, m. to John Hartopp.
Jane, in. to Sir Anthony Benn.
Sir John Evelyn was $. by his son,
Sir John Evelyn, of Godstone, knt. who m. in 1618, Thomasine, daughter and co-heir of William Heynes, esq. of Chesington, and by her (who was buried at Godstone in 1043) had issue,
i. John, his heir.
n. George, of Nuffield, who died in 1690, leaving by Margaret, his first wife, with several daughters, two sons,
1. George, 6. in 1678, of Nuffield and Rooks
nest, who m. Mary, daughter of Thomas Garth, esq. and by her, who wedded, secondly, Charles Boone, esq. left at his decease in 1724, three daughters, viz.
Ann, m. first to Thomas Gregg, and se-
2. Edward, b. in 1681, of Felbridge, in Surrey,
who in. Julia, daughter of the Duke of
Ann, d. unm. in 1791.
George-Evelyn, third Viscount Falmouth.