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also receive the increase of all virtues, with which being adorned, he may both avoid the monsters of sin, vanquish his enemies, and being pleasing in thy sight, come at length to thee, who art the way, the truth, and the life, with Charlotte our Queen, and all the Royal Family. Through our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.
A Prayer of St. John Chrysostom.
REMEMBER, O Lord, all orthodox Priests, Deacons and Subdeacons, and pious Seculars, who have departed this life amongst us, or in any other place; remember also our parents and brethren in all their necessities of body and soul; grant them to enjoy the happiness of heaven, with all the rest of thy saints, that we may experience the benefit of their prayers. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
2 Cor. xiii. 13.
THE grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the charity of God, and the communication of the Holy Ghost, be with us all. Amen.
A DECLARATION OF FAITH,
Commonly called the Creed of St. ATHANASIUS. ⠀
WHOSOEVER will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the Catholic Faith.
Which faith, except every one doth keep entire and inviolate, without doubt he shall perish everlastingly.
Now the Catholic faith is this; that we worship one God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, Neither confounding the persons, nor dividing the substance.
For one is the person of the Father, another of the Son, another of the Holy Ghost.
But the Godhead of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is all one, the glory equal, and the majesty co-eternal.
Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Ghost.
The Father is uncreated, the Son is uncreated, and the Holy Ghost uncreated.
The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible.
The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Ghost eternal.
And yet they are not three Eternals, but one Eternal.
And also they are not three Uncreateds, nor three incomprehensibles; but one Uncreated, and one incomprehensible.
In like manner the Father is Almighty, the Son Almighty, and the Holy Ghost Almighty. And yet they are not three Almighties, but one Almighty.
So the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Ghost is God.
And yet they are not three Gods, but one God, So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son is Lord, and the Holy Ghost is Lord.
And yet they are not three Lords, but one Lord.
For as we are compelled by the Christian truth to acknowledge every Person by himself to -be Lord and God:
So we are forbidden by the Catholic religion to say, there are three Gods, or three Lords.
The Father is made of no one, neither created nor begotten.
The son is from the Father alone, not made, nor created, but begotten.
The Holy Ghost is from the Father and the Son, not made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.
So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Ghost, not three Holy Ghosts.
And in this Trinity there is nothing before or after, nothing greater or lesser; but the whole three persons are co-eternal to one another, and co-equal.
So that in all things, as has been already said above, the Unity is to be worshipped in Trinity, and the Trinity in Unity.
He therefore that will be saved must thus think of the Trinity.
Furthermore it is necessary to everlasting salvation, that he also believe rightly the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Now the right faith is, that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is both God and Man.
He is God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the world; and he is man of the substance of his Mother, born in the world.
Perfect God and perfect Man; of a rational soul, and human flesh subsisting.
Equal to the Father according to his Godhead; and lesser than the Father according to his Manhood.
Who, although he be both God and Man, yet he is not two, but one Christ.
One, not by the conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by the taking of the manhood unto God.
One altogether, not by confusion of substance, but by unity of person.
For as the rational soul and the flesh is one man, so God and Man is one Christ.
Who suffered for our salvation, descended into hell, rose again the third day from the dead. He ascended into heaven: he sitteth at the right-hand of God the Father Almighty: from thence he shall come to judge the living and the dead.
At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies, and shall give an account of their own works.
And they that have done good, shall go into life everlasting; and they that have done evil, into everlasting fire.
This is the Catholic Faith, which, except a man believe faithfully and stedfastly, he cannot be saved.
The ancient Litany of the Saints, or General Supplication as it may be used in private Families, with the short Evening Prayer.
Anth.* REMEMBER not O Lord our offences, nor those of our forefathers, neither take thou vengeance of our sins.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
Christ, hear us; Christ, graciously hear us.
God the Son, Redeemer of the world, Have mercy upon us.
God the Holy Ghost, Have mercy upon us.
*By this prayer the Church solicits mercy for both the living and the dead.
Holy Trinity, one God, Have mercy upon us.
* Some persons object to the manner in which we solicit the prayers of the saints, disbelieving that they either do or can hear our. petitions.---Undoubtedly the saints are not more likely to hear us with corporal ears, than to see us with corporal eyes.---But to us it is indifferent how they communicate with us, while faith teaches us that they do." I believe the communion of saints.”-----Nowise particular as to the mode, our object in supplicating the prayers of the saints, is, that they may pray for us and with us, while we use that address which is most common and familiar to ourselves.And to shew how early invocation was practised, a very ancient Litany may be quoted from the Greek Ritual, where we read: "Blessed Mother of God, open. "to us, who trust in thee, the gates of mercy, lest we stray; and by "thee may we be delivered from all danger; for thou art the salvation "of the human race.”
"Most holy Lady, honoured and blessed, devoutly pray for us, and have mercy on us,”
"Most holy Lady, honoured and blessed, O lover of pious souls! pray for us, and have mercy on us;" &c. Litany sung on Vigila and in Processions, (Evxoλoylov, sive Rituale, Græcorum, Par. edit. 1647,) which expressions are only to solicit the compassion of the highly favoured Virgin Mother of Jesus Christ; and as they are applied metaphorically, so they must be metaphorically understood.
In the ancient Mass of St. John Chrysostom, this response is con tinually sung out by the Deacon: "Commemorating the most holy, "immaculate, most blessed, glorious Lady, Mother of God, and ever. Virgin Mary, and all the saints, we commend ourselves, and oue "another, and our whole life to Christ our Lord."
The quire answers:
"To thee, O Lord "
St. Athanasius also, in his sermon on the Annunciation, addresses. the Virgin in this manner: "O (Mary) listen to our prayers, and forget
not thy people------on thee we call, remember us, O most holy Vir"6 gin------O Lady, Queen and Mother of God, intercede for us."
But, in short, why should not-Christians be permitted to do what angels and saints have done in the New Testament (Luc. i. 28. 42.) or to use that style of address, which was common to Daniel, David, and the other saints of the Old law? O ye angels of the Lord, bless the Lord; praise and exalt him above all for ever. Praise ye the Lord from the heavens: praise ye him in the high places; praise ye him all his angels; praise ye him all his hosts. (Dan, iii. 58. Psal, cxlviii. 1, 2.)