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call'd for;



May bo abus'd? Have you not read, Roderigo, And many of the consuls, rais'd, and met,
Of some such thing ?

Are at the duke's already: you have been hotly Rod. Yes, sir; 1 bave, indeed [had hier!

Bra. Call up my brother !-0, that you had When, being not at your lodging to be found, Some one way, some another.- Do you know The senate hath sent about three several questors. Where we may apprehend her and the Moor?

To search you out.
Rod. I think, I can discover him; if you please Oth. 'Tis well I am found 'by you:
To get good guard, and go along with me. (call; I will but spend a word here in the house,
Bra. Pray you, lead on. At every house I'll And go with you.

[ezit. I may command at most ;- -Get weapons, bo Cas, Ancient, what makes he here? (carack ; And raise some special officers of night.

Iago. 'Faith, he to-night hath boarded a land On, good Roderigo ;-I'll deserve your pains. If it prove lawful prize, he's made for ever.

(exeunt. Cas. I do not understand,

Iago. He's married.
Enter Othello, Iago, and Attendants

Cas. To who?
Iago. Though in the trade of war I have slain

Re-enter Othello. men,

Iago. Marry, to- -Come, captain, will you go? Yet do I hold it very stuff o'the conscience,

Oih. Have with you. To do no contriv'd murder; I lack iniquity

Cas. Here comes another troop to seek for you. Sometimes, to do me service : nine or ten times Enter Brabantio, Roderigo, and Officers of night, I had thought to have yerk'd him here under the

with torches and weapons. Oth. 'Tis better as it is.

[ribs. Iago. It is Brabantio :-general, be advis'd ; lago. Nay, but he prated,

He comes to bad intent. And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms

Oth, Holla! stand there! against your honour,

Rod. Signior, it is the Moor. That, with the little godliness I have,

Bra. Down with him, thief! I did full hard forbear him. But, I pray, sir,

[they draw on both sides. Are you fast married ? for, be sure of this,- Iago. You, Roderigo ! come, sir, I am for you. That the magnifico is much belov'd;

Oih. Keep up your bright swords, for the dew And hath, in his effect, a voice potential

will rust them. As double as the duke's : he will divorce you; Good signior, you shall more command with years, Or put upon you what restraint and grievance Than with your weapons. The law (with all his might, to enforce it on), Bra. O thou foul thief, where hast thou stow'd Will give him cable.

my daughter? Oth. Let him do bis spite :

Damn'd as thou art, thou hast enchanted her: My services, which I have done the signiory, For I'll refer me to all things of sense, Shall out-tongue his complaints. 'Tis yet to know, If she in chains of magic were not bound, (Which, when I know that boasting is an honour, Whether a maid-so tender, fair, and happy; I shall promulgate,) I fetch my life and being So opposite to marriage, that she sbunn'd From men of royal siege ; and my demerits The wealthy curled darlings of our nation, May speak, unbonneted, to as proud a fortune Would ever have, to incur a general mock, As this that I have reach'd : for know, Iago, Run from her guardage to the sooty bosom But that I love the gentle Desdemona,

Of such a thing as thou: to fear, not to delight. I would not my unhoused free condition

Judge me the world, if 'tis not gross in sense, Put into circumscription and confine

That thou hast practis'd on her with foul charms; For the sea's worth. But, look what lights come Abus'd her delicate youth with drugs, or minerals, yonder ?

That waken'd motion :- I'll have it disputed on : Enter Cassio, at a distance, and Officers with 'Tis probable, and palpable to thinking. torches.

I therefore apprehend and do attach thee, Iago. These are the raised father, and his For an abuser of the world, a practiser You were best go in.

[friends : Of arts inhibited and out of warrant : Oth. Not I: I must be found;

Lay hold upon him; if he do resist, My parts, my title, and my perfect soul,

Subdue him at his peril.
Shall manifest me rightly. Is it they?

Oth. Hold your hands,
Iago. By Janus, I think no. [tenant. Both you of my inclining, and the rest ;

Oih. The servants of the duke, and my licu- | Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it The goodness of the night upon you, friends! Without a prompter.—Where will you, that I go What is the news?

To answer this your charge ?
Cas. The duke does greet you, general ;

Bra. To prison; till fit time
And he requires your haste-post-haste appearance, Of law, and course of direct session,
Even on the instant.

Call thee to answer.
Oth. What is the matter, think you?

Olh. What if I do obey ?
Cas. Something from Cyprus, as I may divine: How may the duke be therewith satisfied,
It is a business of some heat : the galleys

Whose messengers are here about my side,
Have sent a dozen sequent messenger's

Upon some present business of the state, T'his very night at one another's heels;

To bring me to him?



Of: 'Tis true, most worthy signior,

Duke. 'Tis certain then for Cyprus. The duke's in council; and your noble self, Marcus Lucchese, is he not in town? I am sure, is sent for.

1 Sen. He's now in Florence. The most Bra. How! the duke in council !

Duke. Write from us : wish bim post-post-baste: In this time of the night !- Bring him away:

despatch. Mine's not a idle cause; the duke himself,

1 Sen. Here comes Brabantio, and the valiant Or any of my brothers of the state,

Moor. Cannot but feel this wrong, as 'twere their own: Enter Brabantio, Othello, Iago, Roderigo, and For if such actions may have passage free,

Officers. Bond-slaves, and pagans, shall our statesmen be. Duke. Valiant Othello, we must straight em

[crit, Against the general enemy Ottoman, {ploy you

A COUNCIL-CHAMBER. I did not see you; welcome, gentle, signior; The Duke and Senators, seated; Oficers attending.

[to Bra. Duke. There is no composition in these news, We lack'd your counsel and your help to-night. That gives them credit.

Bra. So did I yours: Good, your grace, par1 Sen. Indeed, they are disproportion'd;

don me; My letters say, a hundred and seven galleys. Neither my place, nor aught I heard of business,

Duke. , And mine, a hundred and forty. Hath rais'd me from my bed; nor doth the general 2 Sen. And mine, two hundred :

Take hold on me; for my particular grief [care But though they jump not on a just account, Is of so food-gate and o'erbearing nature, (As in these cases, where the aim reports,

That it engluts and swallows other sorrows,
'Tis oft with difference) yet do they all confirm And it is still itself.
A Turkish feet, and bearing up to Cyprus. Duke. Why, what's the matter?
Duhe. Nay, it is possible enough to judgment:

Bra. My daughter! (), my daughter !
I do not so secure me in the error,

Sen. Dead? But the main article I do approve

Bra. Ay, to me; Iu fearful sense.

She is abus'd, stol'n from me, and corrupted Sail. [within.] What ho! what ho! what ho! By spells and medicines bought of mountebanks: Enter an Officer, with a Sailor.

For nature so preposterously to eit, Off. A messenger from the galleys.

Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense, birds Duke. Now? the business?

Sans witchcraft could not

3. [ceeding, Sail. The Turkish preparation makes for

Duke. Whoe'er he be, that, in this foul pion Rhodes;

Hath thus beguild your daughter of herself, So was I bid report here to the state,

And you

of her, the bloody book of law By signior Angelo.

You shall yourself read in the bitter letter, Duke. How say you by this change

After your own sense ; yea, though our proper son 1 Şen. This cannot be,

Stood in your action. By Do'assay of reason; 'tis a pageant,

Bra. Humbly I thank your grace... To keep us in false gaze: When we conside. Here is the man, this Moor ; whom now, it seems, The importancy of Cyprus to the Turk;

Your special mandate, for the state affairs And let ourselves again but understand,

Hath hither brought. That, as it more concerns the Turk than Rhodes. Duke & Sen. We are very sorry for it. So may he with more facile question bear it, Duke. What, in your own part, can you say For that it stands not in such warlike brace,

to this?

(to Othello. But altogether lacks th' abilities

(this, Bra. Nothing, but this is so. That Rhodes is dress'd in : if we make thought of Oih. Most potent, grave, and reverend signiors, We must not think, the Turk is so unskilful, My very noble and approv'd good masters, To leave that latest, which concerns him first; That I have ta'en away this old man's daughter, Neglecting an attempt of case, and gain,

It is most truo, true I have married her; To wake, and wage, a danger profitless.

The very head and front of my offending Duke. Nay, in all confidence, he's not for Hath this extent, no more. .ai

Rude am I in my Off. Here is more news.

[Rhodes. speech, Enter a Messenger.

And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace Mess. The Ottomites, reverend and gracious, For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith, Steering with due course toward the isle of Till now, some nine moons wasted, they have us'd Rhodes,

Their dearest action in the tented field; Have there injointed them with an after-feet. And little of this great world can I speak, 1 Sen. Ay, so I thought :--How many, as More than pertains to feats of broil and battle;

And therefore little shall I grace my cause, Mess. Of thirty sail: and now do they re-stem In speaking for myself: Yet, by your gracious Their backward course, bearing with frank ap- I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver (patience, pearance

(tano, üf my whole course of love ; what drugs, what Their purposes toward Cyprus.—Signior Ion charms, Your trusty and most valiant servitor,

What conjuration, and wbat mighty magic, With his free duty, recommends you thus, (For such proceeding I am charg'd withal) And prays you to believe him.

I won his daughter with. 3,

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you guess ?

Era. A maiden never bold;

And often did beguile her of her tears, Of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion When I did speak of some distressful stroke, Blush'd at herself; and she,- in spite of nature, That my youth suffer'd. My story being done, Or years, of country, oredit, every thing, She gave for my pains a world of sighs : To fall in love with what she fear'd to look on! She swore-In faith, 'twas strange, 'twas passing It is a judgment maim'd, and most imperfect, 'Twas pitiful, 'twas wond'rous pitiful: [strange; That will confess—perfection so could err. She wish'd, she had not heard it; yet she wish'd against all rules of nature; and must be driven Tbat heaven had made ber such a man: she thank'd To find out practices of cunning hell,

And bade me, if I had a friend that lov'd her, (me; Why should this be. I therefore vouch again, I should but teach bim how to tell my story, That with some mixtures powerful o'er the blood, And that would woo her. Upon this hint, I spake: Or with some dram conjur'd to this effect, She lor'd me for the dangers I had pass'd; He wrought upon her.

And I lov'd her, that she did pity them.” Duke. To vouch this, is no proof;

This only is the witchcraft I havo us'd ; Without more certain and more overt test, Here comes the lady, let her witness it. Than these thin habits, and poor


Enter Desdemona, Iago, and Attendants. Of modern seeming, do prefer against him.

Duke. I think this tale would win my daughter 1 Sen. But, Othello, speak ;

Good Brabantio,

[too. Did you, by jodirect and forced courses,

Take up this mangled matter at the best :
Subdue and poison this young maid's affections ? Men do their broken weapons rather use,
Or came it by request, and such fair question Than their bare hands.
As soul to soul affordeth ?

Bra. I pray you, hear ber speak;
Oth. I do beseech you,

If she confess, that she was half the wooer, Send for the lady to the Sagittary,

Destruction on my head, if my bad blame And let her speak of me before her father : Light on the man!— Come hither, gentle mistress ; If you do find me foul in her report,

Do you perceive, in all this noble

company, The trust, the office, I do hold of you,

Where most you owe obedience? Not only take away, but let your sentence

Des. My noble father, Even fall upon my life.

I do perceive here a divided duty: Duke. Fetch Desdemona hither.

To you, I am bound for life, and education; Oth. Ancient, conduct them; you best know My life, and education, both do learn me

the place. - [exeunt Iago and Attendants. How to respect you; you are the lord of duty, And, till she come, as truly as to heaven

I am hitherto your daughter. But here's my I do confess the vices of my blood,

husband; So justly to your grave ears I'll present

And so much duty as my mother show'd How I did thrive in this fair lady's love, To you, preferring you before her father, And she in mine,

So much I challenge, that I may profess
Duke. Say it, Othello.

Due to the Moor, my lord.
Oth. Her father lov'd me; oft invited me; Bra. God be with you!—I have done :
Still question'd me the story of my life,

Please it your grace, on to the state-affairs;
From year to year; the battles, sieges, fortunes, I had rather to adopt a child, than get it..
That I have pass'd.

Come hither, Moor: I ran it through, even from my boyish days, I here do give thee that with all my heart To the very moment that he bade me tell it. Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart Wherein I spoke of most disast'rous chances, I would keep from thee. - For your sake, jewel, Of moving accidents, by flood and field ;

I am glad at soul I have no other child; Of hair-breadth scapes i'the imminent deadly For thy escape would teach me tyranny, Of being taken by the insolent foe, [breach ; To hang clogs on them.--I have done, iny lord. And sold to slavery; of my redemption thence, Duke. Let me speak like yourself; and lay a And portance in my travel's history:

sentence, Wherein of autres vast, and deserts idle, [heaven, Which, as a grise, or step, may help these lovers Rough quarries, rocks, and hills whose heads touch Into your favour. It was my hint to speak, such was the process; When remedies are past, the griefs are ended, And of the Cannibals that each other eat,

By seeing the worst, which late on hopes depended. The Anthropophagi, and men whose heads To mourn a mischief that is past and gone, Do grow beneath their shoulders. These things Is the next way to draw new mischief on. Would Desdemona seriously incline: [to hear, What cannot be preserv'd, when fortune takes, But still the house-affairs would draw her thence; Patience her injury a mockery makes. Which ever as she could with haste despatch, The robb'd, that smiles, steals something from the She'd come again, and with a greedy ear Devour up my discourse : which I observing, He robs himself, that spends a bootless grief. Took once a pliant hour; and found good means Bra. So let the Turk of Cyprus us beguile z To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart, We lose it not, so long as we can smile. That I would all my pilgrimage dilate,

He bears the sentence well, that nothing bears Whereof by parcels she had something hcard, But the free comfort, which from thence he heard: Rut not intentively: I did consent;

But he bears both the sentence and the sorrow,



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That, to pay griei, inust of poor patience borrow. Duke. Be it as you shall privately determine, Thiese sentences, to sugar, or to gall,

Either for her stay, or going : the affair cries Being strong on both sides, are equivocal :


[to-night But words are words; I never yet did hear, And speed must answer it; you must hence That the bruis'd heart svas pierced through the Des. To-night, my lord ?

[state. Duke. This night. I humbly beseech you, proceed to the affairs of Oth. With all my heart.

Duke. The Turk with a most mighty prepara- Duke. At nine i'the morning here we'll meet tion makes for Cyprus :-Othello, the fortitude Othello, leave some officer behind, (again. of the place is best known to you; and though And he shall our commission bring to you ; we have there a substitute of most allowed suffi- With such things else of quality and respect, ciency, yet opinion, a sovereign mistress of effects, As doth import you. throws a more safer voice on you: you must Oth. Please your grace, my ancient; therefore be content to slubber the gloss of your A man he is of honesty, and trust: new fortunes with this more stubborn and bois: To his conveyance I assign my wife, terous expedition,

With what else needful your good grace shall think Oth. The tyrant custom, most grave senators,

To be sent after me. Hath made the finty and steel couch of war

Duke. Let it be so.My thrice-driven bed of down : I do agnize Good night to every one.- - And, noble signior, A natural and prompt alacrity,

If virtue no delighted beauty lack,

[to Brab. I find in hardness; and do undertake

Your son-in-law is far more fair than black. These present wars against the Ottomites.

1 Sen. Adieu, brave Moor! use Desdemona Most humbly therefore bending to your state,


[see; I crave fit disposition for my wife;

Bra. Look to her, Moor; have a quick eye to Due reference of place, and exhibition ;

She has deceiv'd her father, and may thee. With such accommodation, and besort,

[exeunt Duke, Senators, Officers, gc. As levels with her breeding.

Oth. My life upon her faith.—Honest Iago Duhe. If you please,

My Desdemona must I leave to thee: Be't at her father's.

I pr’ythee, let thy wife attend on her; Bra. I'll not have it so.

And bring them after in the best advantage.Oth. Nor I.

Come, Desdemona; I have but an hour Des. Nor I; I would not there reside,

Of love, of worldly matters and direction, To put my father in impatient thoughts,

To spend with thee: we must obey the cime. By being in his eye. Most gracious duke,

[ereunt Othello and Desderona To my unfolding lend a gracious ear ;

Rod. Iago. And let me find a charter in your voice,

Iago. What say'st thou, noble heart? To assist my simpleness.

Rod. What will I do, thinkest thou ? Duke. What would you, Desdemona ?

Iago. Why, go to bed, and sleep. Des. That I did love the Moor to live with him, Rod. I will incontinently drown myself. My downright violence and storm of fortunes Iago. Well, if thou dost, I shall never love thee May trumpet to the world; my heart's subdued after it. Why, thou silly gentleman ! Even to the very quality of my lord :

Rod. It is silliness to live, when to live is a I saw Othello's visage in his mind;

torment: and then have we a prescription to dic, And to his honours, and his valiant parts, when death is our physician. Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate.

Iago. O villainous! I have looked upon the So that, dear lords, if I be left behind,

world for four times seven years; and since I A moth of peace, and he go to the war,

could distinguish between a benefit and an injury, The rites, for which I love him, are bereft me, I never found a man that knew how to love And I a heavy interim shall support

himself. Ere I would say, I would drown myself By his dear absence: Let me go with him. for the love of a Guinea-licn, I would change my

Oth. Your voices, lords :—bescech you, let her humanity with a baboon. Have a free way.

[will Rod. What should I do? I confess, it is my Vouch with me, heaven! I therefore beg it not, shame to be so fond; but it is not in virtue to To please the palate of my appetite;

amend it. Nor to comply with heat, the young affects, Iago. Virtue ? a fig! 'tis in ourselves that'we In my distinct and proper satisfaction ;

are thus, or thus. Our bodies are our gardens; But to be free and bounteous to her mind :

to the ch, our wills are gardeners : so that if And heaven defend your good souls, that you think we will plant nettles, or sow lettuce; set hyssop, I will your serious and great business scant, and weed up thyme; supply it with one gender For she is with me: No, when light-wing'd toys of herbs, or distract it with many; either to have Of feather'd Cupid seel with wanton dulness it steril with idleness, or manured with industry ; My speculative and active instruments,

why, the power and corrigible authority of thie That my disports corrupt and taint my business, lies in our wills. If the balance of our lives had Let housewives make a skillet of my helm, not one scale of reason to poise another of sen. And all indign and base adversities

suality, the blood and baseness of our natures Make hcad against my estimation!

would conduct us to most preposterous conalu


sions: but we have reason to cool our raging and again, I hate the Moor: My cause is kearted : motions, our carnal stings, our unbitted lusts; thine hath no less reasou : Let us be conjunctive whereof I take this, that you call—love, to be a in our revenge against him: if thou canst cuckold sect, or scion.

him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, and me a sport. Rod. It cannot be.

There are many events in the womb of time, whico Iago. It is merely a lust: of the blood,

and a will be delivered. Traverse; go; provide thy money. permission of the will. Come, be a man: Drown We will have more of this to-morrow. Adieu. thyself? drown cats and blind puppies. I have Rod. Where shall we meet i'the morning ? professed me thy friend, and I confess me knit Iago. At my lodging. to thy deserving with cables of perdurable tough- Rod. I'll be with thee betimes. ness; I could never better stead thee than now. Iago. Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Roderigo? Put money in thy purse; follow these wars; de- Rod. What say you? feat thy favour with an usurped beard; I say, Iago. No more of drowning, do you

hear. put money in thy purse. It cannot be, that Des- Rod. I am changed. I'll sell all my land. demona should long continue her love to the Moor Iago. Go to; farewell: put money enough in -put money in thy purse ;—nor he his to her: it your purse.

[ezit Roderigo. was a violent commencement, and thou shalt see Thus do I ever make my fool my purse : an answerable sequestration ;-put but money in For I mine own gain'd knowledge should profanc, thy parse. —These Moors are changeable in their If I would time expend with such a snipe, wills ;-fill thy purse with money: the food that But for my sport and profit. I hate the Moor to bim now is as luscious as locusts, shall be to And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my

sheets him shortly as bitter as coloquintida. She must He has done my office: I know not, if't be true; change for youth: when she is sated with his But I, for mere suspicion in that kind, body, she will find the error of her choice.-She Will do, as if for surety. He holds me well; must have change, she must: therefore put money The better shall my purpose work on him. in thy purse,-If thou wilt needs damn thyself, Cassio's a proper man: Let me see now; do it a more delicate way than drowning. Make To get his place, and to plume up my will; all the money thou canst: If sanctimony and a A double knavery.-How? how?-Let me sec : frail vow, betwixt an erring barbarian and a su- After some time, to abuse Othello's ear, persubtle Venetian, be not too hard for my wits, That he is too familiar with his wife :and all the tribe of hell, thou shalt enjoy her; He hath a person, and a smooth dispose, therefore make money. A pox of drowning To be suspected; fram'd to make women false. thyself! it is clean out of the way; seek thou! The Moor is of a free and open nature, rather to be hanged in compassing thy joy, than That thinks men honest, that but seem to be so; to be drowned, and go without her.

And will as tenderly be led by the nose, Rod. Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I de- As asses are. pend on the issue ?

I have't ;-it is engender'd :-Hell and night Iago. Thou art sure of me;-Go, make money: Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's I have told thee often, and I re-tell thee again light


Enter a third Gentleman.

3 Gent. News, lords! our wars are done; Enter Montano and two Gentlemen. The desperate tempest hath so bang'd the Turks, Mon. What from the cape can you discern at sea ? That their designment balts : a noble ship of Ven. 1 Gent. Nothing at all : it is a high-wrought Hath seen a grievous wreck and sufferance lice

On most part of their fleet. I cannot, 'twixt the heaven and the main,

Mon. How! is this true ?
Descry a sail.

[land; 3 Gent. The ship is here put in,
Mon. Methinks, the wind bath spoke aloud at A Veronese; Michael Cassio,
A fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements: Lieutenant to the warlike Moor, Othello,
If it hath ruffian'd so upon the sea,

Is come on shore; the Moor himself's at sea,
What ribs of oak, when mountains melt on them, and is in full commission here for Cyprus.
Can hold the mortise ? wbat shall we bear of Mon. I am glad on't; 'tis a worthy govertor.

3 Gent. But this same Cassio, though he speak 2 Gent. A segregation of the Turkish Aleet:

of comfort, For do but stand upon the foaining shore, Touching the Turkish loss,—yet be looks sadly, The chiding billow seems to pelt the clouds ; And prays the Moor be safe ; for they were parte The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monstrous With foul and violent tempest.

ed Seems to cast water on the burning bear, (main, Mon. 'Pray heaven, he be: And quench the guards of th' ever fixed pole : For I have sery'd him, and the man commands I never did like molestation view

Like a full soldier. Let's to the sea-side, ho! On the enchased flood.

As well to see the vessel that's come in, Mon. If that the Turkish fleet

As throw out our eyes for brave Othello; Be not inchelter'd and embay'd, they are drown'd; Even till we make the main, and the aërial blue, It is iinpossible they bear it out

An indistinct regard.




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