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tinual sale to which they expose and, lowing petition before you, for your re-expose the same dignity, and by adoption, which is a transcript of which they squeeze all the inferior that lately agreed to by the Catholics orders of the Clergy, is nearly equal of Cork: to all the other oppressions together exercised 'by Musselmen over the
To the Right Honourable and unhappy members of the Oriental
Honourable the Knights, Citi. Church. It is a great deal to sup
zens, and Burgesses, of the pose that the present Castle would no
United Kingdom of Great Bri. minate Bishops for the Roman Church tain and Ireland, in Parlia. of Ireland, with a religious regard for ment assembled ; its welfare. Perhaps they cannot;- The HÚMBLE PETITION of perhaps they dare not do it.”
the ROMAN CATHOLICS of Such is the opinion of one of the GREAT BRITAIN. greatest characters this nation can boast; adopt it, then, my friends.
MOST HUMBLY SHEWETH, There is only one method for us to That your Petitioners are expursue, and that is to PETITION.- cluded from the enjoyment of the This is pointed out to us by the Con- free Constitution of these Realms, stitution; let it be then in the spirit of aud that they are subjected to the Britons seeking for freedom. In doing endurance of such exclusion, not this, I am aware we shall meet with on account of any imputed defiall the obstacles which wealth, power,
ciency of Disposition or of Ability and influence, can exert against us. I in the service of the Crown or supLet us not, however, be dismayed; I port of the State. but solely on acrather let us act firmly and prudently; but at the same time constitutionally
count of their conscientious adand openly. By pursuing this line of
herence to that Religion, which conduct, the most beneficial results
was professed by those Princes and may be expected to our religion and Patriots of their country, who oriour fainilies. The historian informs | ginated and matured her justly us, that the murmurs of the people | boasted Constitution. ..
brought St. Thomas of Canterbury to That your Petitioners therefore ; a sense of the guilty oversight he had implore this Honourable House to committed, in yielding to the king's | grant to them the Redress of the propositions; and may not our united oppressive Grievances, of which
the same effect. at this they so justly complain, and to eventful crisis. When Lord Sidmouth
restore them to the full and unreintroduced his proposed amendments |
stricted Enjoyment of the Rank of the Toleration Act, the dissenters
of Free Subjects of the Empire. conceived it an innovation on Religious Liberty, and we are all witness
And your Petitioners will eyer to the activity and unanimity which I pray, «C, they displayed in opposing it, and This petition is couched in plain and the success which attended their ef- unequivocal language, and will beforts. ---At this moment meetings are speak the sentiments of the petition, convened, and petitions agreed to, ers in terms not to be misunderstood. against the oppressions of the Pro- – It is such as no honest man can obperty Tax; and shall Catholics not ject to, and every Catholic who wishes display as much ardour in defence to see his religion free and unshackled, of their Religion, as our countrymen will give it his support. Let us hope, in support of their Property? I trust then, that the great towns of Magthere is still spirit enough amongst chester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Presa us; and as a form is necessary to be ton, and other places, will come forsuggested, I beg leave to lay the fol.' ward, and support their emancipation upon the only terms which can be as being of much more importance deemed honourable and just.-It is, I than at first sight may appear, and believe, intended to prepare a petition, which I recommended it to Catholics for signatures, according to the above not to admit or permit incautiously. copy, in this metropolis, as soon as A friend, who read this letter, did possible, and it is to be hoped it will me the favour of supplying a term meet with the support which the iin which I had omitted the word Roportance of the question deserves. man-thus employed occassionally; Let us sincerely hope that those re- Pray Sir, is not. Mr. a Roman? spectable and honourable members of “ No, madam; he is an Englishman; our church, whose situation in life he was boru at , in sbire." demands that they should be placed at “ But,” says the lady, (no matter Mr. our head, will lay aside that dilatoriness Editor, for the ignorance of these fethey have hitherto shewn, in declaring | male geographers, and of males, their their abhorrence of the unconstitu- equal in understanding they have tional practices of this secret Com- voices and votes too sometimes.) mittee, and espouse the Cause of the “ But,” says the fair interlocutor, “I Catholic People;let subscriptions be mean a Roman Catholic.” “Yes, maentered into to further the cause of dam, Mr. is a Roman Catholic." justice and integrity-let every one We have so long been considered as contribute his mite, however small it " aliens in our mother's country," that may be, in support of it-and let every | I doubt not at all of the practicability one exert that influence which he pos- 1 of persuading at least one half of the sesses to stem the torrent of intrigue | petitioners against. Catholic emapčiwhich threatens to overwhelm the re-pation, that all the Catholies in Eng ligion of our forefathers, and perhaps the land are born at Rome, or have miliberties of our country. By an united -grated from thence. My friend also declaration of our sentiments, we shall asked, how came the word RoMISH enable the legislature to judge how | into use? What would the members far they have hitherto been deceived, of the establishment say, if we were and our sentiments may also have the to call their church Windsorish or happiest effects, in governing the de-Westminsterish, from the residence of cision of our chief spiritual pastor.- lits head, or the place of its origin My friends, in laying these observa- | Let it not be understood that I mean, tions before you, I have been actuated by implication, to concede to the by no other motive than a sense of my wishes of your Protestant readers, duty, and a strict regard to truth, | that the Catholic faith originated at which I am not conscious of having Rome. St. Augustine, answering the violated.–The rest is in your hands, | momentous question, “ where is the and I shall now conclude, with ob- church?” infers, from the words." serving, that, having done my duty, I ginning at Jerusalem, that no church your God, your RELIGION, and your can be the true church which did not COUNTRY, expect that you will per-| begin there. The head of the Cathoform your's. I remain, &c. lic church resides, indeed, at Rome
W’. EUSEBIUS ANDREWS. but the chief of the apostles brought London, Dec. 15, 1814..
from Jerusalem to Rome that doctrine
of repentance and remission of sins Tothe Editor of the Orthodox Journal. the truth of which he at Rome attested
with his blood. The word “ Romish," SIR,-I lately addressed to you a | however, cannot be justified letter on Conversational Controversy, analoyous inflexion in use, at any time and instanced, towards the conclusion from the days of Romulus, to the of that letter, certaiņ terms or phrases, sixteenth century; it is without the use or abuse of which I consider | authority, but that of Profestant.ple
tulance. Permit me now, Sir, to en- , apprehension, and the caution incumter my protest against the employ- bent on Catholics in consequence of ment of the word " Orthodox,” in any that 'apprehension, my present reother sense than as synonimous with marks also may be considered as a 5. Catholic." You well know, Sir, and sequel to my letter on Conversational our friends at Liverpool know, that Controversy. at the moment when a man ceases to Of our religion our separated brebe Orthodox, he ceases to be a Ca- thren know absolutely nothing-nay, tholic. It may suit very well with the worse than nothing; for they judge of opinions of those who hold no rule of it by misrepresentation: they see of it faith but the Scripture, interpreted by nothing but its ceremonies: these of each man's private judgment, which course they ridicule ; and, without experience has proved, according to being at all conscious of ill manners, the predictions of the Catholics, to ridicule them in the presence of Cabe no rule at all; and it may also fur- tholics. I once heard a person, who ther the purposes of those who cannot certainly had no intention, at the time, obtain the legal establishment of their of affronting me, talk very tranquilly private interpretation, to say, as a of the mummery of the Mass. In this witty one amongst them has said, that age of conciliation and concession, orthodoxy is a man's own do&n, and hete- many Catholics, of irresolute temperarodoxy is another man's don; and ment, may be induced to believe that our enemies would indeed rejoice, were they ought not to offend the all-pow. such a definition of orthodoxy adopted erful Protestant, for the sake of that amongst us. I object not to the use which is itself not essential ; and even of the word: it is to be found in its well-meaning persons may hope to reproper sense in the venerable canon move some prejudice against that of the Mass; but I object to the use which is of the substance of religion, of it as a party distinction. I would by omitting the observance of somenot leave to my opponents, if, unhap- thing of ceremony only. Thus our pily, there are to be oppositions midnight Mass at Christmas, and the åmongst us, the false consolation, the reverence paid to the cross on Gooddeceitful hope, that, though not or- Friday, may be withdrawn from pubthodox, they may still be Catholic. lic view. Thus, many pious persons If it be answered, by way of explana- employ themselves, in church, in readtion, that the word has been lately / ing Prayer-books, without intimating, employed to designate a certain line by manner or gesture, that they take and course of conduct under the cir- any part in the celebration of the cumstances in which the Catholic bo-" tremendous mysteries," that they dy of this empire now finds itself, I have any share in the sacrifice offered reply, then the word has been used in up for them, and in their presence, an improper sense, for “ Orthodox" "What will the Protestant think" is is a term which relates to faith only, sometimes urged as an excuse for these and in this sense it has no application.negligences? I will tell yoni, Sir, what There may be mistaken, or timid, or one Protestant thought, who afterservile, or ambitious, or even venal, wards became a convert. Some years politicians amongst us; but the hete before his conversion, he assisted at rodox have not yet declared them- Mass in one of the chapels in London. selves. Your pious and worthy cor- | He admired the recollection and derespondent, who wrote to you in your votion of the people; but in all relilast number on the neglect of ceremo- gions the people may be devout, and hies, has, in some degree, anticipated recollected at the time of prayer. me. I had intended to address you « These people are Christians," said on this subject; but as I had purposedhe; and, in these few words, he deto treat it in reference to Protestant clared "the impression made on his mind by the ceremonial. A man, igo | ter, that if the divided allegiance, so norant of the English language, may called, of the Catholic, justifies the go into many places of divine wor. disqualifying statutes, then ought a ship in this country, and for any Catholic sovereign to discharge from thing to the contrary, that strikes his his service all his natural born sub“ visual nerve,” he may fancy him. jects. 6 And much more so," said self to be in a place of meeting of The he, “ for a Catholic prince bas many ophilanthropists or of an agricultural | more concerns to treat of with the society.
Pope than a Protestant sovereign can But the ceremonial of the church is possibly have.” However, here the a visible confession of its faith. The fautors of Catholic disqualification take “ triumphant cross,” elevated above their stand. Our faith, superstitious the altar, signed with the same sign; and idolatrous though it be, is not a the altar itself, 66 so placed,” in the valid objection to the restoration of language of an antiquarian, its faith our civil rights; but they who acful defender, “as to be to the church | knowledge a foreign jurisdiction shall what the head is to the body," so as not administer the affairs of this counto attract the regards of all; the cross try. An unprejudiced man would arborne on the front, and on the shoul. gue, the imputed acknowledgment of ders of the priest, the frequent repe. a foreign jurisdiction has been perfect. tion of that sacred sign on the per ly harmless, even during the two censons of the people, the smiting of the turies of persecution and proscription; breast according to the examples re. take away from the Catholics all just corded in the Gospel, the genuflec- ground of discontent, and the foreign tions of reyerential gratitude for the jurisdiction will be, at least, equally mysterious incarnation; these things harmless. If, however, the experiattest and exhibit Christian faith.ence of two centuries be indeed in66 Ye seek Jesus the crucified :" He sufficient to re-assure the timorous indeed is ascended into Heaven, but minds of our Protestant fellow subhis worshippers are here: behold the jects, let us, the Catholic subjects of sign of the Son of Man!
the empire, resolve no more to petiLet every true son of the church tion the legislature for relief, till the venerate the ceremonial of his reli. commencement of the session of Pargion ; let him be careful to bear his liament, to be holden in the year two own part therein ; let him remember thousand and one. that, by omitting so to do, he may scandalize, a brother, or lose an op For the Orthodox Journal. portunity of edifying an unbeliever. He need not dread the silly sarcasm to MR. EDITOR,At no time, since which this conduct will probably sub- | the reign of Elizabeth, has the Cathoject him; he may safely take upon lic cause been in more eminent danhimself to assure the Protestant, that I ger than at present. Through the whensoever, in defiance of the com- long period of cruel despotism and mon sentiment of mankind, the go- legalized persecution under which vernment of this country shall abolish have groaned, our course has, at last, all royal, legal and military ceremo- | been clearly marked out to us: either nial, he will join with him in ridicul.
no in ridicul. renounce your religion explicitly, ing the ceremonies of the church. Il prepare to suffer persecution and am, Sir, your obedient servant, death, was the alternative held out
AN ENGLISH CATHOLIC. At present, however, our situation P.S.--I beg leave to add a remark
more perplexing, if not so alarming. ane dy the Iriend whom I mentioned | It would seem that the enemy a at the beginning of this letter, on an faith, despairing of success by open argument which I used in a forger let. persecution, has adopted a moroc
cealed, though not less effectual mode dured to prevent a greater. In thus of attack. We enjoy a degree of li. freely stating what I think will be the berty just sufficient to enable us to issue of the pending controversy,believe taste the sweets, and allure us to at. | me, I by no means state what I hope tempt a further enjoyment. But here may be its issue. Reconciliation and our pursuit is stopped-all beyond unanimity are the sincerest wishes of our present acquirements must be pur- my heart; but still, if Religion must chased at the expence, or at least with | be risqued to purchase them, I would the imminent risque of the integrity contentedly forego their enjoyment, of our religion; and what renders our till it should please the God of peace case more distressing is, that we are to grant me their enjoyment, consisnot agreed among ourselves as to the tently with the perfect safety of my limits we ought to put to our conces- religion. However, whilst our fate sions. It becomes then an interest is pending, let us prepare ourselves to ing question--how far may Catholics submit with cheerfulness to whatever go in their condescendance to their Rome shall in its wisdom judge exProtestant governors ? If we ex. pedient; confidently trusting that no amine the politics of the Court of measure will be adopted by her, which Rome, we find in every age of the every good Catholic may not embrace; church, that they have been uniformly and let us remember, that if any meagoverned by the most consummate sure be positively enjoined us, the prudence and profoundest wisdom. particular situation of English Ca. In those various and multiplied rela. tholics, who enjoy not a regular hiertions in which Catholics have at dif. archy, renders it not a matter of mere ferent times found themselves involv- option. If the decision does not meet ed with their uncatholic governors, with our private approbation, let us Rome has ever shewn herself willing sacrifice our private feelings to pubto concede, as far as duty would al- lic tranquillity, and prepare ourselves low, to the prejudices and jealous dis- to bear up against the increased diffipositions of her enemies. Pitying, as culties of our state. For, depend it were, the infirmity of human na- upon it, any concessions at present, ture, and eager only for the propaga however they may tend to partial tion of the faith of her divine master, | union among Catholics, will only she, with a dignity becoming the sharpen the appetite of Protestants, spouse of him whose “ kingdom is not and if I am not very much deceived, of this world,” has condescended to the day is not far distant when we the puny weakness of her suspicious shall be called upon for concessions, opponents; and waving all questions which in conscience, we cannot grant. of inferior consideration, has been The system of concession seems now only solicitous to preserve inviolate pushed to its utmost extent; at all the precious deposit of her faith. events, it certainly has bounds beyond Such, then, no doubt, will be her con- which we cannot pass; and when the duct on the present occasion; and, bigotry and intolerance of our Prohowever ardently some sincere friends testant statesmen have called, as they may wish to see her inflexible and certainly will, for what we cannot stern, I very much fear, that neces. grant, then will many who now seem sity will extort what scrupulosity insensible of their danger open their would deny. In fact, what line of eyes, and then too it will appear, who conduct can be pointed out, which have acted the more prudent part, they will completely satisfy all parties ? | who have been overeager in tempting Positively-done. It must then be the avidity of our enemies, or they by steering some middle course, that who have more cautiously hesitated any like accommodation can be to set foot within the dangerous enbrought about : a less evil must be en. closure of Religious Concession. If