Page images
PDF
EPUB

tues and piety of the holy father, and | tum in parvo, et dulce in sanctitate. that more respect is certainly due to the | The Life of St. Francis de Sales, by edicts from the Pontiff : and to their Dr. Coombes, and the Historical opinions I would contrast those Dr. Letter to Sir J. C. Hippesley, Bart. Coombes, to whom the Catholic world M. P. by F. Plowden, Esq. as conis so much indebted for his literary pro taining matter worthy the attention of ductions. I was proud in reading his all who feel gladness at the re-esta. letter, to perceive that a man of his blishment of the Jesuits, and remain, superior talents, learning, and virtues, Sir, very sincerely, your's, T. M. joined me in the opinion, that the sup. London, 11th Oct. 1814. pression of that holy order had formed the leading-string to the desolation

THE VETO. (as it may justly be called) of Europe ; in fact, such must be the opinion of all To the Editor of the Orthodox Journal., religious men, unless inexcusably ignorant, as I have said before, of the I SIR,As the subject of the Veto is virtuous qualities of this holy order. still likely to occupy the attention Here I cannot refrain noticing the last of all persons who have hitherto felt paragraph in Dr. Coombe's letter, any interest in the success of the Capublished in the last Orthodox Jour- tholic Cause, and as we have every nal, which does honour to his feelings, reason to suppose that no effort will as a Catholic and a Citizen.-" The be spared to convince the Catholics C undersigned cannot close this note generally, not only of the practicabili66 without expressing his earnest wish ty, but of the utility of the measure; cand prayer, that this. society (the I will, with your leave, lay before 6 Jesuits) thus revived, may long flou. your readers as brief an account as pos

rish for the general benefit of man. sible, of the origin and progress of the “ kind, and for the instruction of youth, measures contemplated under the term 6 the reformation of manners, the dif- Veto; with some accompanying re66 fusion of piety and learning, and flections on the views held by the 6 for the attainment of every useful British Government towards Ireland, " object, which resulted from the la- and finally propose some few observa« bours of their predecessors. May tions on the subject, in the hope that I “ their order continue to receive ad. shall succeed in conveying conviction 6 ditional lustre, and hereafter boast to the minds of such of the Catholics 66 a long series of good and great men, of this country, as may be induced to 6 not inferior to the illustrious names feel any doubts respecting the proprie" by which their history is so eminent. ty of any further resistance to this as66 ly distinguished.

sumption of power over the Catholic I had intended, to have indulged, religion, by an Anti-Catholic governin a future letter, in a discussion of ment. the various benefits likely to arise! It is not my intention to entes from the restoration of the Jesuits, but largely into the investigation of the I find such would be unnecessary after political circumstances, which had so what has already been written, and material an effect in influencing the confident in the idea that every well. conduct of the Irish Roman Catholic intentioned mind must see them shin Prelates, who were first prevailed upon ing before them in all the brilliancy to sanction the proposition of such a of future bliss. However, I would measure: suffice it to say, that shortly recommend to every one the perusal after the termination of the unhappy of an article " Is it desirable that the disturbances which agitated Ireland, «order of Jesuits should be re-esta-1 in 1798, when the Deistical opinions “blished ?” published in the Orthodox of English Infidels, and the AtheistiJournal, No. 15, p. 314, being mul- | cal principles of French philosophers, ORTHOD. JOUR. Voc. II,

S E

were threatening the most serious iui- | had promised, it would be entitled to jury to religion, and the dissemination such power as would at any time ena. of revolutionary principles making | ble it to resist the appointment of any rapid strides towards the total disor. I person, of suspicious loyalty, should ganization of that unfortunate coun- such circumstances ever occur. Under try ;-while men's hopes and fears yet those circumstances, a number of the kept them in a state of desponding un- | Irish Prelates assembled in Dublin in certainty respecting the ulterior views the month of January 1799, and resolvheld towards them, some of the Catho. ed « That in the appointment of the lic Prelates of Ireland, with their mind “ Prelates of the Roman Catholic Reliand feelings paralyzed by the scenes“ gion to vacancies within the kingof misery and bloodshed, of horror, “ dom, such interference of Governand devastation, which had so recent- « ment, as may enable it to be saly desolated their distracted nation, “ tisfied of the loyalty of the person and to the suppression of which, so " appointed, is just and ought to be much of their energetic exertions were “ agreed to.” directed; - justly alarmed at the pro 1 To this resolution, taking into congress making by political and infidel sideration the accompanying circumincendiaries, to seduce the minds and stances, I do not see any objection; affections of the people from their ru- / but those venerable Prelates dealing lers; and on the other hand, being in the spirit of the plain and simple deluded by the agents of government truth, had no adequate conception of into a belief, that the grounds of con- the subtle ingenuity of the persons plaint felt by the Irish nation, and par- with whom they had to deal ; the ticularly the question of the emanci- measure of union was accomplished, pation of the Catholics would be dis-chiefly through the instrumentality of cussed in the Imperial Parliament with the Catholics, the wishes of the Enga much greater probability of eventual | lish ministry were gratified, and when benefit to Ireland than could be ex- | the Irish Catholics applied for the pected in the local parliament;-- while fulfilment of the pledges which had men's winds were yet heated with the been given to them, they found they recollection of the horrors which had were to be again put off with hollow so recently surrounded them, and I pledges, and unmeaning promises. where it was considered next to ini- The British Government, or rather, ! possible that they could receive that should say, the leader of the British calm and dispassionate investigation, Ministry, eagerly seized advantage of sọ necessary in every respect to insure this measure to effect a' temporary reIreland's repose; suffering themselves tirement from office. Whatever other moreover, to be persuaded that the strong inducements he might have to Roman Catholic Religion would, in a produce this abdication of the reins of subordinate way, be constituted the government, he was certain of this, established religion of that country; 1 that the mere fact of his retiring from they thought, and thought justly, that office at that time, effectually shielded in the realization of such events, the | him from censure on the ground on British Government would be entitled | the pledges made in his name to the to sufficient security, that no persons Catholics, as he taught theni, and should be appointed to fill the vacant many, no doubt, were weak enough, to bishoprics as they fell, but such as I believe at the time, that his resigna were of approved loyalty. Not that it tion was only occasioned by his or could be presumed that any but those ness in abiding by the promises head of the most zealous loyalty had hither out to them. In confirmation of to been appointed, but it was consi- and to show how vecessary it was.com dered, that if Government conceded sidered to keep up a slew of con ta Ireland the benefits which its agents tency towards the Catholics, Luc

lowing påper was delivered by Lord" to raise an argument for resisting Cornwallis, to Dr. Troy, and Lord " their clainis; but that by their pruFingall, to be by them privately circu " dent and exemplary demeanour, lated among the principal persons of " they will afford additional grounds of the Irish Catholic body.

" to the growing number of their ad“ The leading part of his Majes “ vocates to enforce their claims on " ty's Ministers, finding insurmounta- " proper occasions, until their object " ble obstacles to the bringing forward " can be finally and advantageously " measures of concession to the Ca “ attained.” “: tholic Body, whilst in office,'have To which may be added the fol“ felt it impossible to continue in ad lowing « sentiments of a sincere “ ministration under the inability to " friend," generally supposed to be “ propose it with the circumstances Lord Cornwallis, « If the Catho"necessary to carrying the measure, “ lics should now proceed to violenee, “ with all its advantages, and they " or entertain any ideas of gaining “ have retired from his Majesty's ser “ their objects by convulsive meavice, considering this line of conduct “ sures, or forniing associations with "as most likely to contribute to its “ men of Jacobinical principles, tliev “ ultimate success. The Catholic “ must, of course, lose the support " body will, therefore, see how much 6. and aid of those, who have sacrifitheir future hope inust depend upon " sed their own situation in their “ strengthening their cause by good “cause, but who would, at the same " conduct in the mean time; they " time feel it to be their indispensible “ will prudently consider their pros “ duty to oppose every thing tending “pects as arising from the persons " to confusion.

who now espouse their interest, and « On the other hand, should the “ compare them with those which they “Catholics be sensible of the benefit “ could look to froin any other quar-" they possess, by having so many " ter. They may, with confidence, re- “ characters of eminence, pledged not “Jy on the zealous support of all “ to embark in the service of govern" those who retire, and of many who 6. ment, except on the terms of the Ca“ remain in office, when it can be " tholic privileges being obtained, it ". given with a prospect of success; “ is to be hoped, that on balancing “s they may be assured, that Mr. Pitt “ the advantages and disadvantages

will do his utmost to establish their " of their situation, they would prefer

cause in the public favour, and pre " a quiet and peaceable demeanour to “ pare the way for their finally attain “any line of conduct of an opposite "ing their object; and the Catholics "description.” "will feel, that, as Mr. Pitt could not Let us see how those pledges were “ concur in a hopeless attempt to force fulfilled. We find the venerable Lord " it now, that he must at all times re- Cornwallis alone, true to his plighted e press, with the same decision as if faith ; alone preserving a consistent “ he held an adverse opinion, any un line of conduct, and retiring for ever “ constitutional conduct in the Ca- from the indignation of the persons " tholic Body.

whom he had been so material an in.." Under these circumstances, it strument in deceiving. “ cannot be doubted, that the Catho Although the events of the few "lics will take the most loyal, duti years, succeeding the resignation of “ ful, and patient line of conduct ; Mr. Pitt, were not productive of any “ they will not suffer themselves to discussion of the Catholic claims, nor « be led into measures which can, by in particular, was there any thing rese any constructions, give a handle to specting what is called the Veto; yet, “ the opposers of their wishes, either | it may not be improper to take a " to misrepresent their principles, or | slight review of the opinions held re

i

jurisdiction unless supported by the su- 1 66 One word as to the mode of pro. preme authority.

ceeding. The accused is not confront“ In 1255 Alexander the Third, ed with his accuser, and every in. with the consent of St. Louis, esta former is attended to, though a child, blished the Inquisition in France. The a courtezan, or a criminal stigmatised Grand Inquisitors were the Superior by the hand of justice. A son deof the Cordeliers of Paris and the poses against his father, a wife against Provincial of the Dominicans. The her husband, a brother against his Papal bull directed the Inquisitors to brother. In fine, the accused is consult the bishops, to whose advice, obliged to become his own accuser, however, they were not obliged to and to divine and confess the crime submit. This novel species of juris- that is imputed to him, and of which diction gave umbrage equally to the he has no knowledge. ecclesiastical and the civil authorities, “ This unheard-of mode of proand the opposition which it met with ceeding is calculated, no doubt, to shortly reduced the dignity of these keep all Spain in a state of alarm, but monks to a mere name. Had the it must not be imagined that it is bishops in other states exhibited the adopted to the letter. It is not every same firmness, their authority might accusation, though it may excite sushave continued undiminished.

picion in the Inquisitors, that autho66 The Inquisition had been esta rises them to arrest or punish the acblished at Venice in 1289, but, instead cused. In Spain a man, whether naof being dependant on the Pope, as in tive or foreigner, may live as securely other states, it was entirely subject to and with as much liberty as elsewhere, the Senate, and in the 16th century provided a dogmatising spirit does not it was decreed that the assistance of incite him to disturb the public peace. three Senators should be necessary for “The declaimers against the Inquievery judicial process. This decree sition have drawn in the blackest comade it easy to elude the authority of lours the punishment inflicted by this the Court of Inquisition, which au | tribunal, which they style auto da , thority was in consequence annihilated acts of faith. A priest,, say they, in in this state.

a surplice, or a monk, whose profes“ The Sovereigns of Naples and Si. sion is that of mildness and charity, is cily claimed a right, from Papal con the person who in a vast and dreary cessions, to the exercise of ecclesias. | dungeon directs the torture of a fellow tical jurisdiction. This claim gave creature; the unhappy victim follows rise to disputes between the Pope and a procession of monks to the pile prethe King about the right of appointing pared for his execution, and the King, the Inquisition the consequence was, whose presence dispenses mercy to cri. that none were appointed. And if the minals, assists, on a seat lower than Inquisition was at length establishsd the Inquisitor's, a witness to the death in Sicily, (A. D. 1478) as it had been of his own subjects' expiring in the in Spain, it was still more than in flames. . Spain a privilege of the crown.

66 All this is undoubtedly very pa“ Torquemada, a Dominican, who thetic. But it should be qualified by was made Cardinal and Grand-Inqui: the following observations. 1st. It sitor, gave to that tribunal in Spain bespeaks a want of candour to insithe juridical form which it still re- nuate that the fire is the portion of all tains. It is said that in the space of whom the Inquisition condemns. It fourteen years he instituted more than 1 is the punishment inflicted only for 80,000 juridical processes, and that crimes which are visited in the same not less than five or six thousand peo. manner among those nations in which ple suffered. But this account is evi- | the Inquisition is not known. Such dently exaggerated.

as sacrilege, profanation, apostacy,

hung

magic. Other crimes are punished , has very much disarmed it of its terwith perpetual imprisonment, confine- rors in his dominions. He has orment in a monastery, the discipline dained that the procurator general, and other species of penance. 2dly. who is the prosecutor, shall communi. It is a custom in all Christian nations cate to the accused the articles of im. that criminals should be assisted at peachment and the names of the wittheir execution by the priest, who ex- nesses. 2dly. That the accused shall horts them to patience. He is often have the power of choosing an advo. accompanied by members of the con- cate with whom he may also confer: fraternity of the cross, who offer up and 3dly, That no sentence of the Intheir prayers for the criminal, and be quisition shall be put into execution stow the rite of sepulture on his body. until it has been confirmed by his Query, Is this a mark of cruelty ? council. 3dly. Capital punishments are very « The person who has declaimed rare both in Spain and Portugal, and with the greatest virulence against this no single instance can be produced of tribunal, acknowledges, however, that its having been jnflicted at Rome. At excesses have frequently been imputed Rome the Inquisition was always less to it of which it has not been guilty. severe than any where else, and the In his opinion it betrays à want of form given to it by Torquemada has judgment to ground an invective on never been received at Rome. The uncertainties, and still more on falsesuppression of these matters is a re. hoods. It were well had he acted on flection on the candour and sincerity this principle, and discovered a little of our declaimers.

| more candour in his relations. “ Again, it is somewhat absurd to « We cordially congratulate France denominate these executions Human and Germany that they are free from Sacrifices. To all punishments inflict- the influence of this tribunal. Yet ed for crimes against Religion this ap- we have no hesitation in declaring our pellation might with equal justice be firm conviction, that were our infidel applied. These profound gentlemen philosophers to become masters they will have some difficulty to persuade would establish an Inquisition much the Christian world that no offences of more severe than that of Spain." this nature ought to be punished with death.

To the Editor of the Orthodox Journal. 66 Reproach a Spaniard with the horrors of the Inquisition-he will It is difficult, Mr. Editor, in our answer, that wars'on account of reli- days to decide, which is the most gion, in the kingdom of France worthy of credit or attention, the alone, have caused more blood to be Hirelings, as they are termed by one shed than has been spilt by the tribu. party, the Talents, as they are called nals of the Inquisition over the whole by another, or the Jacobins, as they ( World : and he will add, that by means are designated by a third; each of | of the Inquisition Spain has been pre- these are using their utmost exertions served from any infection of the infi. | to undermine, in the opinions of their delity which at this day overspreads readers, the professors of the Catholic the rest of Europe. Tell him that faith, each exceeding the other in wars are of a temporary nature, and their spirit of malevolence against the must soon subside, but that the Inqui- Supreme Head of our Church, but the sition it would seem, once established, last exceeding the two former, if posbecomes a permament institution-he sible, in every thing that is absurd, will reply by an appeal to facts. uncharitable, malicious, or uncandid. France, Germany, the States of Ve- -Examine the effusions of the first; nice, have suppressed after having ad- all is abuse, without provocation or mitted it. And the king of Portugal | argument: of the second, all is ma

« PreviousContinue »