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of that of Freemasons, every inhabitant of against Thrones, but even against Religion, Romé, or any other part of the Roman and more particularly against the Religion Statès, is forbidden to continue to re-estaof Jesus Christ, of which the Roman Pontiff blish, or to institute, what are called Free- | was constituted the Chief and the Guardian mason's Societies, or any similar meetings, by the Divine Founder himself.'' under whatever name,
2. They are forbidden to be even once pre DIED.-On Friday, September the 2nd; sent at any of these meetings, or to induce at the College of Carlow, the Very Reverend any person to join them. This prohibition | Henry Staunton, Dean of Leighlin, Presi: extends 10 all Roman subjects holding any dent of the College, and Parish Priest of connection, immediate or remote, with such | Carlow. He was very far advanced in years, Societies out of the States of the Sovereign and had, during a considerable length of Pontiff.
time after his return from Paris, where he 3. No one is permitted to have or retain in studied, been in care of the Parish of Graihis possession any deeds, seals, emblems, sta
1 gunamana, where he edified and instructed tutes, patents, or any thing else relating to his People with singular assiduity. About the acts of such assembliez.
the year 1789 he was removed to Carlow, and 4. Whoever shall know that any such Soci
the reformation which he effected in that town eties still continue to be held, shall be ander
was the consequence of extraordinary and obligation iminediately to give information
unremitting attention to the discharge of the thereof to the Governor of Rome, the Com most laborious duties of his state. The Semimandants of Provinces, or the Apostolic De
nary of that town was opened by the Right legates; and they may be assured their names Reverend Doctor O'Keefe, when, in consesball be kept inviolably secret. The penal quence of the French Revolution, the Irish ties they may have incurred, as accomplices Students were bereft of the opportunities of or adherents, shall be remitted, and they improvement; being excluded from their own shall receive a pecuniary reward at the ex country by the barbarity of an irreligious pense of the delinquents, whenever they can code, and from the Continent by the ferocity produce sufficient proof of their charges. His of a lawless and devastating banditti. Une Holiness wishes that all should be aware that der these circumstances, without any human there is nothing either unbecoming or disho means, Doctor Statınton undertook the care pourable in such denunciations, which are of a seminary, for the purpose of educating important equally to the interests of the Priests for the United Dioceses of Kildare Faith and the State.. In consequence, every and Leighlin. God gave his blessing to the unoath of an opposite nature must be consider dertaking; and by the care and attention of ed only as a bond of iniquity, which leaves | its Superior, Carlow has since become one of the contrary duty in full force,
the first Catholic Establishments in the Island. 5. The penalties against the transgressors It was occupied lately by upwards of one of this Edict, according to the nature and hundred and fifty Ecclesiastical Students, becircumstances of the offence, shall be corpo sides a great number of young Gentlemen for ral, and even very severe, including partial
nd various departments or even entire confiscation of property, move of society. The Rev. Mr. Kenny, Principal able or immoveable, of which the judges and of Collonge's - wood Establishment, went other agents of tribunals, who may have ef- through a considerable portion of his more fectually contributed to the discovery and advanced studies there, and many Gentlemen prosecution of the guilty, shall obtain a por- who are, at present conducting some of the tion.
Ecclesiastical and other Seminaries of this 6. All the palaces, town or country houses, country, besides numbers of respectable and buildings, in which these assemblies or Clergymen, and other good members of socilodges (as they are called) may meet, as soon | ety, were educated in this establishment, as legal proof thereof is obtained, shall be which grew up principally by the care and confiscated, saving to proprietors who shall assiduous exertions of its Very Reverend Suprove that the meetings took place without | perior. The primeval simplicity of his man. their knowledge, indemnity at the expence ners, and his goodness of heart, made him of the aggregate property of the offenders. easily accessible by all. By being the fore.
The principal motives which led to most in the practice of virtue himself, he led the issuing of this edict, are stated as
many on to a near approach to perfection.
He lived beloved and respected by all who follow:
knew him. He bad the consolation of be“ The dark machinatio:s,” says Cardinal | holding the great fruits of his exertions, durPacca, “ which accompany the formulæ, the ing a considerable portion of his life, and he ceremonies, the rites, and the oaths taken to died regretted by thousands, who associate keep a secret, at least suspicious, and espe- with the pleasing recollection of his virtues, cially the congregation of persons of all ranks the melancholy remembrance of a departed and nations, whatever be their morals or | friend, their information, are all reasons which lead legitimately to the supposition, that the de- ! W. E. ANDREWS, Printer, 5, Fenwick pigns of these Members are directed not only : Court, Holborn, London.
the other professioner of young Gentlemen for
· THE POPE.
| but we also know that the Register TN my last number I laid before my still bears the original title, that all
I readers the gross and shameful ca- such pieces as do not bear a signature, lumnies and falsehoods heaped upon are written in the first person, and the the tribunal of the Inquisition and the article in question is addressed person. learned and sacred Order of the Je. | ally to Mr. Cobbett.--Such being the suits, which haye been inserted in case, I contend that Mr. Cobbett alone Cobbett's Political Register. I shall is responsible to the public for abusing now proceed to discuss an article which their understandings, in issuing such appeared in that Gentleman's Journal glaring and malicious falsehoods under for the 17th of September last, under the mask of Truth, and that it is a the title of “ The Pope," and under duty incumbent upon him to make an the signature of “ An Observer.”_I apology to this same public for suffer-. had occasion to allude to some of this ing such libellous productions as I writer's effusions upon the former sub-have pointed out to appear in his Rejects, but the article now under consi- gister.-Mr. C. as I have observed bederation, for falsehood, malignity, and fore in my former numbers, has rebaseness, surpasses even the most stu- peatedly and most successfully compid and ignorant vituperations of the bated the foul and virulent calumnies most corrupt and vicious scribes of the which have been vomitted forth by the last two centuries. I am aware that I vile scribes of the Journals known by some persons will contend that the ar- | the appellation of Ministerial papers. ticle is not Mr. Cobbett's; nay I have | How then can he account for the inbeen told that the Register itself is not | sertion of this letter of “ Obseryer's,” now under that gentleman's superin- / which never was exceeded in its libel. tendance, and that therefore Mr. C. is lous and infamous tendency by any of pot blameable for the insertion of the the productions of the aforesaid hired scandalous libels. This is a doctrine, and venal wretches. Mr. Cobbett may however, to which I cannot subscribe perhaps attempt to justify himself upon neither have we any public authority the ground of his being a friend to lifor the assertion. We know very well berty and to the happiness of mankind that a new method was announced at in general; and that conceiving the the commencement of the present year Pope and Catholic Clergy, and in parfor the future management of the Re- ticular the Monks, who are sure to gister, and that the discussions of the come in for the largest portion of the topics to which that paper was devoted | abuse which has lately garnished the were to be extended. We also know Register, to be the greatest enemies of that Mr. Cobbett, contrary to his freedom, he considered himself perusual and hitherto invariable custom, | fectly right in giving publicity to such omitted signing his name to such arti, articles from his correspondents as cles as were the production of his pen; might tend to caution his countrymen ORTHOD. JOUR. VOL. II.
. 3 B
against the efforts now making to re- ; letter by giving Mr. C. the sentiments store the Catholic religion to the same of a writer, whom he had before quoted, state it was in before the French Re- on the origin of the Papal power, volution broke out.-In this attempt I whose work had been recently pub. should not be inclined to blame Mr. | lished, but was suppressed by the Cobbett, provided he adheres to that strong arm of the law. - In what principle which he has constantly been country the work was published we labouring to make his readers believe are not informed, we are therefore left his writings and opinions are always in ignorance as to the authority and governed--A LOVE OF TRUTH. dependance to be placed upon the ve.
This we know is his declared fa- racity of the author, but this will apvourite maxim-and consequently, pear sufficiently conspicuous to every when he departs from it, the mischief candid reader when he has perused the produced is infinitely greater than it following article which the “Observer” would be from a writer who is known | has quoted for a genuine account of to prostitute his talents, and sell his the progress of the Catholic religion, abilities for “ base lucre.”--Mr. Cob after the cessation of the persecutions bett may say that when he gave the ar- of the Pagan Emperors, and the con. ticle in question publicity he conceived version of Constantine the Great, and it to be entitled to veracity. This of the supreme authority of the Pope perhaps will satisfy some of his read. l in spirituals:- By this political re. ers, but I contend that it is the duty “ volution, so favourable to the clergy, of eyery public writer, and particu- the bashful chiefs of the Christians, larly such an one as Mr. Cobbett, to " who hitherto had reigned only in seuse his utmost exertions to ascertain “ cret, and without eclat, sprung out the truth of such articles as he sends of the dust, and became men of im. forth to the world, and consequently portance. Seconded by a very des. that he ought to have known that the potical Emperor, whose interests letter of 66 Observer” was founded in 6 were linked with theirs, they very truth before he published it. For I “ soon employed their credit to avenge perfectly agree with the Editor of the their injuries, and return to their Sheffield Iris, who says, “ that igno. " enemies, with usury, the evils which 66 rance of truth were malice is evi- " they had received. The unexpect. 66 dent, and the characters of men are « ed change in the fortunes of the 66 deliberately aimed at, is almost, if | Christians, made them soon forget “ not altogether, as culpable as wilful " the mild and tolerant maxims of 6 falsehood.”_-Whether malice go- « their legislator. They conceived verned the motives of the writer I will " that these maxims, made for wretches not say, let him answer at the tribunal destitute of power, could no longer of his God on that point; but that the suit men supported by Sovereigns: characters of innocent men are delibe- /" they attacked the temples and gods rately aimed at, in the vile effusions of of Paganism; their worshippers this wretched penman, I think I shall were excluded from places of trust; be able clearly to demonstrate. The " and the master lavished his favours on writer commences his article with tell 6 those only who consented to think ing Mr. COBBETT, that having pro. “ like him, and justify his change by mised to give him some account of the “ imitating it. Hitherto the Christian rise of the Pope, and the insolent and sect, spread throughout the empire, arrogant domination which the Roman " had been governed by bishops or See has uniformly exercised over those " chiefs, independent of each other, kings and people who were so infatu " and perfectly equal as to jurisdiction. ated as to acknowledge the supreme 6This made the church an aristocratauthority of its intolerant sway, he “ical republic; but its government cannot do better than commence his "soon became monarchial, and even
s despotical. The respect which was , “ their victims, and sometimes their o always entertained for Rome, the “ executioners. Sovereigns, become 66 capital of the world, seemed to give " their vassals, executed, with fear and of a kind of superiority to the bishop, “ trembling, the decrees of Heaven 66 or spiritual head, of the Christians" pronounced against the enemies of 66 established there.—His brethren, 66 the Holy See, which had created it. 66 therefore, frequently shewed a de "self the arbiter of faith. In fact, « ference to him, and occasionally “ these inhuman Pontiffs, immolated 66 consulted him. Nothing more was
1" to their god a thousand times more r wanting to the ambition of the bish “ human victims than Paganism sacris' 66 ops of Rome, or to advance the right "ficed to all its divinities.”—To this 6 they arrogated of judging their bre- article, the “ Observer,” fearful, I of thren, and incite them to declare suppose, that his ignorance of eccle: 66 themselves the monarchs of the siastical history, and his hatred to the 66 Christian church. A very apocry Head of the Catholic Church, should 66 phal tradition had made St. Peter not be made conspicuous enough, has 66 travel to Rome, and had also made subjoined the following note:-66 Se. 6 the chief of the apostles establish 6 veral authors have denied, and with « his See in that city. The Roman “ much reason, that St. Peter ever set 66. bishop, therefore, pretended to have 66 a foot in Rome. In the Acts of the to succeeded to the rights of Simon Pe. “ Apostles, no mention is made of « ter, to whom Jesus, in the Gospel, “ this journey, unless we suppose that « had entrusted more particularly the 6 Luke has omitted to speak of St. 6 care of feeding his sheep. He ac " Peter, for the purpose of attributing (6 cordingly assumed the pompous ti. “ to St. Paul, his master, the conver66 tles of Successor of St. Peter, Uni. “sion of the capital. If St. Peter 66 versal Bishop, and Vicar of Jesus 66 had been at Rome, his Gospel would 66 Christ. It is true, these titles were have been forced to yield to that of 6 often contested with him by the ori. 66 the Apostle of the Gentiles, more 6 ental bishops, too proud to bow wil. 1 66 accommodating to the heathens, as “ lingly under the yoke of their bro. 6 it dispensed with circumcision. It 6 ther; but by degrees, through dint" may, therefore, be presumed, that 66 of artifices, intrigues, and frequent 66 St. Paul was the first Pope.”—Mr. 66 ly violences, those who enjoyed the Observer” then says, that “in cor“ See of Rome, ever prosecuting their 66 roboration of what is here stated, if “ project with ardour, succeeded in 6 we look into the history of the “ getting themselves acknowledged in “ Popes, we shall find reason to con« the west, as the heads of the Chris- clude, that they were the most aban. “tian church. Pliant and submissive 6 doned and flagitious of mortals, who 6 at first to Sovereigns, whose power 66 hesitated not at the perpretration of « they dreaded, they soon mounted on 66 any crime to accomplish their puro their shoulders, and trampled them " poses. Even Popish writers admit, " under their feet, when they saw that no throne was ever filled with “themselves certain of their power " such monsters of immorality as the “ over the minds of devotees, rendered 6 chair of St. Peter. They are de“ frantic by superstition. Then, in. « scribed as having been not only de“ deed, they threw off the mask; gave “ testable in themselves, but as having “ to nations the signal of revolt; in “ given occasion, by their example, to “ cited Christians to their mutual de 6 the perpetration of all sorts of wick6 struction; and precipitated Kings“ edness, imposture, delusion, oppres" from their thrones. To support their “sion, robbery, tyranny, murder, and “ pride, they shed oceans of blood; “ massacre."--The scribe then pro“they made weak princes 'the vile ceeds to enumerate some of the Popes "spart of their passions--sometimes by name, and charges them with the perpetration of crimes at which human“ Benedict VI. in order to make way nature shudders, and the mind sickens “ for his elevation to the Papal See. at the recital. For my part, I shall " It is indeed admitted by Cardinal neither soil my paper, nor shock the “ Benno, that a bravo, of the name feelings of my readers by detailing | 66 of Brazet, was kept in pay at Rome, them, but content myself with expos “ by his aspiring bretbren; and that ing the gross unfounded accusations 66 this holy assassin actually carried off which have been brought against some “ seven or eight Popes by poison, at of the Pontiffs of a political nature, " the instigation of those Cardinals and the infamous falsehoods which who became impatient to fill the have been adduced to establish the “ chair of St. Peter.”-It is a great charges. Before, however, I begin pity Mr. Cobbett did not require his this task, I shall call upon Mr. Cobo correspondent to furnish him with the bett and his Correspondent“Observer" dates when these Pontiffs were kill. to produce one Catholic writer who ed off,” in order that we might be en. has admitted 66 that no throne was abled to form some accurate idea of $6 ever filled with such monsters of this Cardinal's admission, who is here “ immorality as the chair of St. Peter.” | lugged in to bear witness to the truth -That some Popes have been a dis of " An Observer's” foregoing asser. grace to the elevated station they have | tion; and who, by the bye, was an been called to fill, and that great enraged schismatic, and devoted friend seandal has arisen to the church there. | of Guibert, the Antipope, who was from, Catholic writers do not deny; set up in opposition to Gregory VII. nor can it be expected, if a traitor was of whom I shall have occasion to to be found in the sacred college of speak hereafter. This is a sad overApostles, which consisted of only sight in Mr. Cobbett, who has always twelve, that in a succession of two expressed himself such a lover of dates; hundred and fifty-four Pontiffs, during | however, if we are to measure the ve. a long period of eighteen centuries, some racity of the latter assertion by the were to be found who betrayed the sa- | merit of the former, the reader will cred character they were chosen to be enabled to judge what credit it is support.-But Mr. Cobbett must un. | entitled to, when I inform him that derstand that it is a subject of congra Boniface VII. who is here accused of tulation among Catholics, that amid murdering Benedict VI. in order to the revolutions of empires and states, succeed him, did not ascend the Papal occasioned by the evil passions and Chair till more than THREE HUNcorruptions of mankind, the church of DRED YEARS AFTER Benedict Rome stands upshaken by the storm. I had ceased to fill it : as may be seen in and although surrounded by the wrecks | the list of Pontiffs published at the of fallen kingdoms, she stands erect, end of Reeve's History of the Chrissupported by the promises of her Di. | tian Church. Benedict succeeded vine Founder. Nor is it a matter of John XIII. in 972; and Boniface sucless congratulation to Catholics to ceeded St. Celestinus V. in 1294.know, that so few are the Pontiffs who Having pointed out this trifling error, have prostituted their holy function's | I shall now give the reader another to interested or vicious purposes, that specimen of the love of Truth which the enemies of their religion are ne. I glows in the breast of this redoubted cessitated to have recourse to base and “ No Popery” champion.-66 Of Grewicked lies and misrepresentations to “ gory the Second (says he) it is well blacken the characters of some of the ascertained, that he deluged Germost virtuous and disinterested among many with blood. When the Emthem, as I shall proceed to illustrate. “ peror, in the year 728, issued a de“ Boniface VII. (says Mr. “Ob “ cree against the worship of images, * server”) is accused of murdering “ this pious villain caused the Vicar of