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they may hereafter find in the Regis- the Register, under the heads of the ter upon the same subject. Mr. Cobo Inquisitions the Re-establishment of bett, in his answer to “ A Constant the Jesuits--and The Pope. Reader,” on the article entitled “ The Scourge of God,” declared his deter-| THE INQUISITION.-In the Regisa mination not to be drawn into any ter of August the 27th, (Vol. XXVI. religious controversy. In this he No. 9.) Mr. Cobbett inserted an artiacted prudently, and it would have cle signed.“ An Observer,” in which been equally prudent in him not to are to be found some extracts from a have entered into religious history un book, which his correspondent says til he had better informed himself of 5 contains a particular account of the the true state of the subjects touched “ Inquisition; and the cruelties pracupon by him.- From the tenor of the “ tised there, (he observes,) are aptly articles in question, it may easily be “ illustrated by engravings; such as discovered that the mind of the writer “ drawing the objects of their fury to is clouded by the most gloomy preju. - the ceiling by a pally, the cord tied dices against both the Clergy and 6. round both hands, while a large Laity of the Catholic Church; the weight is fastened to the feet; former of whom are designated as “ stretching out the body on a ma6 sainted ruffians"_ blood-hounds," 1“ chine until the whole joints crash; "knavish and interested;" whilst the “ burning the soles of the feet; and latter are termed “ bigotted and igno. 1 " pouring boiling liquids down the rant,” and are considered as beings “ throat-ALL to extort confession without a will of their own, and un {"from the accused.”—That tortures der a blind submission to the priest may have been used upon some occahood. I recollect in some of Mr. sions I shall not attempt to deny; yet Cobbett's former articles, when com-|I do not believe it was ever carried to bating the virulent abuse lavished upon the extent represented by the interested his favourite hero, Napoleon, by the and bigotted writers against Popery in hireling writers, and the atrocious, the seventeenth and eighteenth centu. crimes which they laid to his charge, ries. I must however flatly deny, and The very properly remarked, that as he | I conceive myself justified in so doing, could not use such language towards from the instructions which I have re. the allied Sovereigns, without sub ceived as a Member of the Catholic jecting himself to the penalties of an Church, that torture is a principle of ex officio, he would not use them the Catholic Religion, or, as the Ob. against an enemy, because it was an server calls it, Popery; any more than act of baseness and cowardice.-In the tortures practised upon the poor this I perfectly agreed with him, and Irish peasantry, in order to extort therefore consider his conduct is using confession, so late as the year 1798, such foul and 'virulent abuse against are to be attributed to the principles the Catholic Clergy, with which the of the Church of England : tortures pages of his Register have been lately eqpalling in atrocity any practised by so bespattered, as an act of the most the Inquisition. An account of these contemptible and disgraceful coward | Mr. Cobbett and his correspondent ice,'knowing that he dare not attack “Observer” may see in Hay's His. the Clergy of the Established Church | tory of the Rebellion of Wexford, in the same manner, and yet the Ca- the author of which is now living, "tholic Priesthood, for humanity, piety, and, although innocent, was one of disinterestedness, zeal, and courage, the sufferers. I'must confess, that to are equal, if not superior, to any ec- pour boiling led into the throat of a clesiastical body in the habitable globe. human being, appears to me a very

I shall now proceed to illustrate singular way of bringing him to consome of the assertions introduced into fession; as I consider it a more pro

bable means of preventing him from I in the Journal of last month, (p. 317,) making one. The title page of this observes, that in the last Register he book it seems is lost; but it appears, published a letter upon this subject, says the Observer, to have been well calculated to excite a general de. printed - about the year 1750, and the testation against the Inquisition, and author of it is stated to be an ENG. to induce the active partizans of the LISHMAN, of the name of Bower, Slave Trade abolition, in particular, and who acted as Secretary to the In- | to raise their voices against the re-esta. quisition. It is somewhat strange that blishment of a tribunal, which, under Mr. Cobbett, who is himself so very the sanctified pretence of zeal for the fond of dates, and which have been so glory of God, and the safety of reliuseful to him in detecting the errors of gion, has committéd more atrocious his opponents, should have so far for-murders, and inflicted greater tor got himself as to have overlooked this ments on their fellow-men, than are circumstance, before he gave insertion detailed in all the accounts that have to the delectable tales quoted, in been published, of the cruelties pracwhich neither names or dates are to betised by the most sayage dealer in hu. found in order to trace the authenti. man flesh. This is a pretty modest, city of the circumstances with which assertion to be sure, but I much quese he has amused his readers. This is tion, if the truth could be ascertained, . the more unaccountable in him be- whether the whole of the tribunals in cause he has lately been engaged in question have immolated one half of defending the innocence of a noble in the number of victims tbąt suffered for dividual, and have for the greatest the sake of religion in this country, part of his life been labouring to ex, | under the despotic and cruel reign of pose the hatched-up tales practised the merciless Elizabeth alone, And upon the deluded people of this coun, let it be observed, that those who sufa, try, by the fatteners on War and Cor, fered by the laws of the Inquisition ruption, to further their own views; were not condemned solely for heren none of which carry the face of false, sy; but because the doctrines they hood on them more glaringly than the preached were deemed dangerous to articles in question. The very idea of the state. Neither were they corpo. making an ENGLISHMAN the Secretary rally punished by the spiritual autho, to the Tribunal, is sufficient to stamp rity of the Church, but by the tempo. it with incredibility; and there is every ral power of the Civil Government.reason to suppose that the circum. Indeed, the official document issued by stances related by Mr. Bower are en, Ferdinand states, that to the existence titled to as much credit, as the author of this tribunal Spain was indebted! of the work called Fox's Book of Mar. for her escape from those horrid masa tyrs, many of whose sufferers were sacres and sacrileges which occurred proved to be living after the publica- in France and Germany during the tion of his work, wherein he had 'sixteenth century, from the seditious stated them to have died victims to doctrines disseminated by the apostles Popish cruelty: As neither name nor of " Evangelical Liberty, and the date can be found to the tales quoted Reformers of Popery. And that while by the Observer, which might afford a Holland, Flanders, Switzerland, Gera clue to their detection, I shall now many, and France, , were exhibiting pass to an article in the next week's scenes of the most violent commotions, Register, (Sept. 3,) written either by dreadful civil wars, and detestable Mr. Cobbett or some one in his name, plots, to promote the seeds of the upon the subject of the Inquisition. | Reformation-in Spaiq (says the de. The writer, after quoting an article cree) the sciences, were cultivated from Rome, dated Aug. 12, (copied with distinction, and that country from the French papers, and inserted produced a multįtude of men digu

tinguished by their knowledge and “ for holding, that the Inquisition, in their piety. :

166 latter times, had lost any of its ter· The writer then alludes to the sub rors, or that its tribunals were less ject of the Slave Trade, and questions “ bloody and barbarous than at for. the motives of the leaders of the oppo. " mer periods, I think there is suffisition in choosing this particular mo cient reason for believing that its ment to agitate the question, because 56 members are as wicked as formerly, when the French West-India islands 66 and consequently that they are as were in other hands they made no stir cruel and unrelenting. To establish about the emancipation of the blacks; “ this, it is scarcely necessary to go nor did they, he observes, although “ farther for authorities than the artithe mass of the natives of Ireland are 66 ticle I have quoted above, which sunk in the grossest superstition, and “ comes from Rome itself.”—Here the groaning under the most oppressive reader may see the spirit by which the tyranny, exert themselves any farther writer is governed when treating upon to obtain the abolition of this white subjects in which Catholics are the slave traffic, than they found consist actors, not considering if he looked ent with their own views of aggran-into the laws of his own country he dizement. « But (continues the wri. would find some resemblance in them

6 ter) some have contended, and I to the Inquisition; for what is that W observe the same sentiments have law which establishes a Board in fre6 been put forth by the canting and land to examine and look into the last 60 hypocritical writer of the Times will and testament of every Catholic 66 riewspaper, that the Inquisition has who shall be suspected of having be« lately lost many of its terrors, and queathed some property to be vested 66 that its tribunals were not so bloody in Catholic charitable purposes, such “ and barbarous as in the days of their as founding chapels, schools, &c. and 666 youthful vigour.'-This sort of lan- appropriating them to the use of Pro, 6 guage, I find, is made use of totestant charities; besides numerous « lessen public indignation against the other oppressive statutes passed to pre“ restoration of this Institution, mere- vent the growth of Popery, which are 6 ly because it was abolished by Na- to be found in our penal code? Would

poleon; and in the same way would it not be more charitable for this gen. " these wretches justify the total de tleman to exert his abilities in expos, 66 struction, in France, of all those ing the abuses now existing in his own 66 excellent laws, those benevolent in.) country, rather than to spend his vi66 stitutions, and those proofs of the rulent effusions in libelling the Go“ glory which Napoleon acquired for vernments of other independent na. 66 France, those imperishable monu | tions? The writer says that he thinks “ ments of his fame, merely because there is sufficient reason for believing " they owe their existence to his super that its (the Inquisition) members are “rior skill, and anxious desire to | as wicked as formerly, and consequent. “ render his country great and respect- ly that they are as cruel and unrelent( ed. But the truth is, this paltry | ing: and to establish this he says, it iş 66 subterfuge ought "rather to be attri scarcely necessary to go farther for “ buted to a natural hostility, enter | authorities than the article he has 6 tained by these enemies of Napo-quoted, which comes from Rome it-, “ leon, against the introduction of all self,-- But what authority, I would “ liberal policy, against the 'emanci | ask, does it bear to make it genuine! pation of every people, and against -Mr. Cobbett has frequently made it " the enactment of every law which appear that articles are often inserted “ might tend to check them in their to further the views of interested in. “ infamous career. For, instead of dividuals; and have in general found.

any well-founded reasons existing ed his arguments upon official dacu.

ments, as the only sure ground on | in Spain, at present, that persons ARE which to build them. Nay, in the arrested, and sent to the dungeons of very number of which I am speaking, the Inquisition, upon slight suspicions alluding to the vile tricks played upon of heresy, without any previous investhe deluded people of this nation by | tigation of guilt, &c. or else, he asks, our news-writers, for stock-jobbing why is it proposed to abolish these purposes, he says, “Some of the minor | laws? Now there is a law, (3 James, “ French journals even appear to have c. 4. s. 22, 23, 25.) still I believe un“ given way to this infamous practice; | repealed, which makes it high treason “ for, of late, several articles of that for any one to be converted to the Ca. “ description have appeared in their tholic faith, although the person shall s6 columns, which carry with them all be convinced that his eternal salvation " the marks of English manufacture.” depends upon his embracing such If this is the case with stock-jobbers, creed. If this law is enforced, the parand we have Mr. Cobbett's authority ty must be hung, and his bowels ripped for it, may it not also be the same with up and thrown into the fire, or ho the dealers in false doctrines ? Fol-must retract and become a traitor to lowing therefore Mr. Cobbett's plan his God, by renouncing a faith which of resting on official documents, let us he believes to be the true one. But see what is said by the decree issued this is not torturing the body, nor en. for the re-establishment of the Inqui. slaving the mind. Well, now, what sition. It says that the intention of would Mr. Cobbett, say if a writer in the King is to perfect the establishment one of the French papers were to adin such a manner as to render it emi- vance that persons are actually arrest. nently USEFUL to his subjects, and for ed at this present day for becoming this purpose a Commission is appointed | Catholics, because the people of this to examine the forms and mode of pro- kingdom professing that faith petition ceeding of the Holy Office in its pro to be relieyed from this among the cesses, and if they find that the claims other penal laws under which they of sound justice require any reform groan, although the one mentioned or change, they are to make their re- has not been enforced for some years? port, in order that the King may issue What would he say to the man who the necessary resolutions. Here we should attempt to hold up such an ar. have a plain declaration on the part of gument? Yet such is the drift of the the King, that the desire of his Ma- obseryations in his own Register. But jesty in re-establishing the Inquisition the article from Rome says expressly is to make it USEFUL to his subjects, that the abuses which exist in the In. and therefore he proposes to reform quisition are to be abolished, and yet the abuses which have crept into it, to the writer in the Register unblushingwhich it is liable, as well as all otherly says the members of it are as wick. human institutions. Well, if such is ed, cruel, and unrelenting as formerly. the desire of Ferdinand, what business What an excellent argument does he have the people of England with it? here make for the supporters of Cor. Who gave them authority to interfere ruption, in this country, whom Mr. in the internal concerns of an inde Cobbett is constantly opposing. Ilow pendent nation? Had they not better well might they answer him, of what look to their own concerns, and see if use is it for us to reform the abuses things are managed better at home? which you consider as inimical to the Was there ever such arrogance àş. happiness of the nation. You call us sumed by foreign writers as is exhibit plunderers, base, and wicked; but were ed by the meddling and infidel hire we to issue à decree stating our intenlings of the English press. This writer tion to reform the abuses of which you contends that it is proved by the arti- complain, according to the dictates of çle in question, that the torture exists sound justice, as the establishers of

the Inquisition have done, we should | After making another assertion, equal. still be as base and as wicked as for- ly as well founded, that even Kings merly. If this is the case, why should and Popes were not exempt from tho we engage in the subject of Reform? influence of its terrible mandates, But, says the Register, it is plainly which, by the bye, must be some conadmitted in this article, “ that it is, at solation to the vulgar mind, as he ad" this very moment, a principle recog. mits that the laws bear equally on the 66 nised by the priests composing the Monarch and the Pontiff, Mr. Cob. 6 tribunal of the Inquisition, that if bett, or his locum tenens, says that “ a man be unjustly condemned by his “ All the Spanish writers, who give a “ ecclesiastical judges, he is not at li. 56 history of the original laws of the “berty to say so, nor to complain of Inquisition, tell us, that no one can “ the judgment of the Church, how. 56 be apprehended on a warrant from 16 ever erroneous.” He then asks, if “ the Holy Office, until a summary there was ever such hellish principles 66 inquest be first had concerning the heard of? And exclaims,“ What! 1“ crime laid to his charge, and this is " is it an amelioration in the laws of " particularly to be observed as to the " the Inquisition, that a man, after “crime of heresy; that, before a wit, “ suffering all the cruelties that the ness is admitted to give evidence, “ ingenuity of these blood-hounds 66 even in this previous stage, he is to 46 could inyent to force him to confess" be admonished by the Judge in a " a crime of which he was not guilty, most solemn manner as to the sau should be threatened with additional " credness of an oath; thạt, when ap, « tortures, if he ventured to complain |“ prehended and imprisoned, the party 6 of his sufferings; should be doomed | " is to be allowed such provisions as “ again to the rack, perhaps to the 5 he may think fit, if he has the means

stake, if he did not actually rejoice “ of providing for them; and that all « for the injustice which thesê holy “his property, which these rapacious “ gladiators had done him?" One “knaves then lay their hands upon, would suppose, from the phrensical “ must be restored to him on his being rhapsody here quoted, that the writer 5 set at liberty. These are good rem had lately been released from a lunatic gulations in so far as they go; and asylum, where he had been dreaming " were I only made acquainted with of the tortures inflicted on him by his 6 the fundamental Laws of this Order, keepers in order to cool his passions ; “I might, perhaps, be led to profor throughout the whole article to nounce it a wise and excellent Insti. which he alludes, there is not one word “tution. But when I dip a little into about the rack, the torture, or con “ its history; when I examine even fession; and the principle which he at.1" superficially its subsequent acts, I tempts to fix upon the priests, is mere “ find that this Sancta Casa was not ly the opinion of a Dominican, the au “ long in departing from its own orie thor of the code which is proposed to “ginal rules; did not long hesitate BE ABOLISHED, So much for the can. 1" about violating its sacred institu: dour and yerącity of the Register! - ? tions; nor in substituting the barAs to the obseryation of the writer barous and vile maxim, that ng that all good Catholics must believe "faith ought to be kept with heretics, every thing to be holy, ụnder pain of " in place of that rule of right, which damnation, which is connected with "served as the foundation of their the Inquisition, every Catholic is well "early code of laws.--Notwithstandpersuaded that the writer knows not 16 ing the uncommon pains which were what he is laying before his readers; 1" taken to conceal the private prothat he is consummately ignorant of “ ceedings of the Inquisition; not. the subject he treats on; and that the" withstanding the dreadful penalties assertion here made is totally FALSE. that were attached to a breach of

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