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violent shocks. All the Archbishop our a tachment, and our jubilee, in this conrics and Bishoprics of the left bank l juncture of all happiness.—“Thy right hand, of the Rhine were secularised; most « mightiness.--Thy right hand, O Lord, hath
"O Lord, hath wrought for itself renown in of the princes of the church are dead, “beaten in pieces thine enemy; and, in thy and have not been replaced ; many“ multiplied grandeur, thou hast laid them villages want pastors; all the founda
“low, who warred against thee. Thou
" breathest thy storm, and a sea covered tions have been misapplied or seques- them.” trated. Prompt measures are neces- Next, after the homage to your Holiness, sary to remedy an evil which may | the illustrious Senate of your Cardinals will have the most pernicious effects. The
demand our best and most honouring accla
mation. But, in truth, neither would any Pope, it is known, has already made encomium that we could utter, nor any pos. a serious representation on the sub sible expression of praise be enough to set ject; he demands the re-organization
forth the heroic perseverance of that Body.
-Torn away from your paternal embrace, of the Catholic church in Germany;
immured in separate prisons, confined to disand the court of Rome is said to have tant places of banishment, far from croucbalready traced out a plan with that ing under the trial, they have gained throughview.
out the world an eminent consideration for magnanimity, allegiance, principle, duty and
- incorruptible character. In a word, they . The following is a translated copy
have purchased an exceeding renown, and from the Latin, of the Address of Con.
they have saved and rescued this renown from
the ruin and conflagration which overwhelmgratulation from the venerable. Hier ed their exterior dignities. Such renown archy of Ireland to the Sovereign Pon. / must endure, and be worshipped in times to tiff of the Catholic Church :
Through the intervention of your Holiness, To his Holiness, Pope Pius VII, the Roman we now beg to congratulate our venerable
Catholic Prelates of Ireland, wishing pros- Colleagues, the Bishops of Italy. They also perity.
have encountered misery, and privations, and The hope of Christians at last has revived, terror. They have felt lawless authority and and the Catholic Church has regained its expatriation. Their claim is that of Cone State and Integrity, in your well-being, good fessors for the Faith; their imputed crime, and glorious Man of God, Pius the Seventh, a splendid one assuredly, had been allegiance our Sovereign Pontiff, who, by resignation, to your Holiness. But, ere this, they will not less than by chieftaincy, have brought have experienced a consoling change. Nor home CHRIST to our view; and in your most I can we omit to mention your invincible and providential deliverance from those afflic- | Reverend Clergy of Rome, and of the States, tions, which, through one and the same out. I persecuted, as they have been by the frantic rage, ahased and held captive the Supremacy | excess of tyranny, with deportation into of your holy function, and the majesty of Corsica, or banishment to the Valtelline.your personal virtues. To all the several | These latter on their return will, undoubtede Nations, which, weary of their enslavement, ly, share a distinguished partiality of your had burst forth into exertion for the overthrow | Holiness, now restored. As to fair Fame of Despotism, this event has proved grateful; they will fully possess 'it, for they have de. to all the Good, a matter of delight; as, for served nobly. The result of manifold perse the Catholics, it had been the grand object cution has been to place in evidence this of universal wish, and demand, and prayer. Truth, that the mighty power of Christ in But to us, Holy Father, who, in that desota- the Catholic Church cannot be worn out by tion of the Christian Commonweal, were the the force of time; that in You, and those foremost to express, such sorrow, that the united with You, the same energetic Spirit very lamentation of your beloved people of still survives, which of old gave defiance to Rome was fully re-echoed by our sighs, on | Death, and trampled it down, in the blessed your account; who dared to intimate, that | Martyrs; that, wheresoever dwells the spirit such enormous barbarity must be short-lived; I of Christ, there also his freedom abides, who solemnly protested against any usurpa. | wbich knows his immortality to be its own. tion on your inviolable Right, during such Let Rome, the asylum of canonized Saints, captivity; this event has introduced more and the last strong hold of Religion, litt than a return of the common joy. It has re henceforth the head, which a sanguinary and alized even the peculiar merit of a Victory, I ignoble domination had weighed down. She humble indeed, yet allied with and attendant | may now, with safety recollect, that within upon that admirable triumph, in which You her precinct the federal altar of Christianity reign. In the extremity of all misfortune, 1 is established for everlasting; that Apostles we have proved our adherence to you, as un- | sit there enthroned to deliver judgment to the conquered; we, therefore, shall be privi. Nations, until the world sbali end. Let the leged to avow, with somewhat of ostentation, I ashes of her Martyrs exilt, and ber Aposto
lic shrines give token of rejoicing. 'And You, editors, when they speak of the Cathothe partners in founding an imperishable Go- i lic population, that “ were tigers grea vernient under Christ's sway, o Peter and Paul! shall not even your relics he agitatéd Sarcus, hey
garious, they should rather compare by this joy, for the re-establishment of Pius
them to herds of such savage monsters.” the Seventh in the place of his home, and of Even in the senate, speeches have your repose ?
been made, and letters have been read, And, glorious Britain, although divorced from her Faith, well may she feel proudly |
to make the members believe that under her burthen of trophies, and in the en- Ireland was in a disturbed state; and joyment of her high ambition. Her principle the English Catholics have been lately had been to repulse the strides of Despotism,
told from their pulpits, that they are to vanquish Usurpation, to give back Peace to the world at large. This principle never loyal and faithfol subjects to our most declined nor töttered during the protracted gracious Sovereign.. Yea, and that the struggle. It is but justice to assert, that Bri- | English Catholic Clergy and Laity are tain, as the prominent leader, and the pre
KNOWN to be so.“ England has long siding spirit was that 'one, which raised the standard of Unanimity and Enfranchisement
been a bragging nation; but it was to an utterly despairing world ; that she pro-, never expected that the Catholics of digally expended her immense resources, and this country would 'be so debased as: the blood of her population in sending forth, and in every direction, renowned Generals,
to seek to praise themselves at the exand invincible armies; of which brave Irish | pence of their. Irish brethren, and Catholic Legions formed a part; whose more particularly at a time when the achievements in Egypt, Italy, Portugal,
latter were suffering under an unjust Spain, and in the heart of France, will stand forward in history. The measure of Catho
imputation. The assizes for Ireland, lic gratitude due to such an Empire is no however, are just concluded; in all other, than that which may be claimed upon the circuits nothing has transpired to Mankind by the Deliverers of the human
establish the existence of any treasonrace. We remain persuaded, that you, Holy Father, 'not only are the most fit to repay
-able or seditious conspiracy; the cathis debt of gratitude, on the behalf of all, lendars upon the whole have been but may do so with the most splendid effect. extremely light; few culprits have
In conclusion, embracing heartily and affectionately the knees of your Holiness, and,
| been capitally convicted; and in some demanding for ourselves and our Churches counties the assizes have proved maidyour apostolical benediction, we pray, that en. In the most Catholic districts, the our LORD God, JESUS CHRIST, as he has mic calendars have been found the lightest, raculously rescued you, a successor of Peter, from the arrest of Herod, may prosper your
while, on the contrary, where the in length of days, and establish your throne orange societies exist, the disturbances in peace.
have been the most frequent.--In Roman Catholic College, Maynooth, " short, the executions in that country 27th of June, 1814. ?
a.e less than those which take place
in this land of boasters. With all STATE OF IRELAND.
these circumstances : combined, the The peace of the Continent, and the ORTHODOX JOURNAL can announce, consignment of Buonaparte to the without fear of contradiction, that island of Elba, having left our hireling | IRELAND, yes, CATHOLIC IRELAND, scribes without a foreign object on 15 AS LOYAL, and it is with pleasure which to spend their calumnious the Editor makes it known, as Great talents, poor Ireland, and with her Britain. And when we come to conthe Catholic religion, has now become sider the privations, the provocations, the victim of their slanderous pens.-- the proscriptions, the miseries of the Accordingly the readers of our English Catholic peasantry, and the degradaministerial prints are now amused with tion in which both them and the nobi. tales of outrages and murders which lity and gentry of that religion are “ mark Ireland as the most depraved held, we are lost in admiration at the country upon the fuce of the earth;" indefatigable labours and exertions of and those of the Irish government the Irish Catholic Clergy to instil the papers, are informed by their base sublime principles of our holy religion
into the minds of their flocks, and in- | money ;' hasty decrees on civil bills; structing them to endure such a galling and illicit distillation.-With regard state in which they are placed, with to illegal societies, county assessments, such general quietness and good order. | and religious discord, be observes, That the picture here drawn is not
> I have found that those Societies, called
ORANGE SOCIETIES, have produced most mis. overcharged, the reader's attention is
chievous effects; and particularly in the North requested to the following extracts of Ireland. They poison the very Fountains from the most admirable and eloquent of Justice; and even some Magistrates, under charge of Judge Fletcher to the Grand
their influence, have, in too many instances,
violated their duty and their oaths. I do not Jury of the county of Wexford, de
hesitate to say, that ALL Associations of every livered at the summer assizes for this description in this Country--whether of year, in which that able and upright ORANGEMEN or RIBBONMEN---whether dis
tinguished by the colour of Orange or of Judge has given a most interesting
Green all combinations of persons, bound to picture of the state of Ireland for the
each other (by the obligation of an Oath) in avowed purpose of shewing that the a league for a common purpose, endangering coercive Bills, lately passed in Parlia- |
the peace of the Country, I pronounce them
to be contrary to Law. And should it ever ment, respecting Ireland, are wholly
come before me to decide upon the question, inexplicable and unnecessary.-Judge | I shall not hesitate to send up Bills of Indict. Fletcher denies that the disturbarices ment to a Grand Jury against the individuals, in that country, of which we have
members of such an Association, wlierever I
can find the charge properly sustained, Of heard so much on this side of the wa
this I am certain, that, so long as those Assor ter, proceed from disaffection to the ciations are permitted to act in the lawless the Government. He says
manner they do, there will be no tranquillity !! In my circuts through other parts of the
in this Country and particularly in the North kingdom, I have seen the lower orders of the
of Ireland, There, those disturbers of the people disturbed by many causes, not pecu
| public peace, who assume the name of Orange liar to any particular counties---operating
Yeomen, frequent the fairs and markets, with * with more effect in some; 'but to a greater or
arms in their hands, under the pretence of less extent in all. I have seen them operat.
self-defence, orof protecting the public peace ing with; extended effect in the North-West :
-but with the lurking view of 'inviting the Circuit, in the Countjes of Mayo, Donegal,
attacks from the Ribbon Men--confident, Derry, Roscommon, &c. &c. These effects
that, armed as they are, they must overcome have made a deep'impression on my mind. | defenceless opponents, and put them dow! » My observations, certainly, have been those
Murders have been repeatedly perpetrated of an individual-but of an individual, seeing upon such occasions; and, though legal próthe same facts coming before him, judicially,
secutions have ensued, yet, such have been time after time; and I do now publicly state,
the baneful consequence of those factious that never, during the entire period of my
| Associations, that, under their influence, judicial experience (comprising sixteen cir
Petty Juries have declined (upon some occa. cuits), have I discovered or observed any se
sions) to do their duty. These facts have rious purpose, or settled scheme, of assailing
| fallen under riry own view. It was sufficient his Majesty's Government, or any conspiracy
1 to say-such a man displayed such a colour, connected with internal rebels, or foreign
to produce an utter disbelief of his testimony; foes." But various, deep-rooted, and neglector, when another has stood with his hand at ed causes, producing similar effects through-| the bar, the display of his party badge has out this country, have conspired to create the mugated the murder into manslaughter. evils, which really and truly do exist."
Gentlemen-I do repeat, that these are He then' proceeds to develope these my
my sentiments, not merely as an individual,
but as a man discharging his judicial duty, I • causes. He arranges them under the 1 hope with firmness and integrity.-With these * two general heads --POLITICAL and Orange Associations I connect all Comme
Monal. Under the former, he class morations and Processions--producing embites, 'high' rents; páper currency; an
tering recollections and inflicting wounds
upon the feelings of others; and I do emphaover active Magistracy; the existence
tically state it as iny settled opinion, that, of Orange and other Societies; large until those Associations are effectually put County assessments; and absentee
| down, and the arms taken froin their hands, landlords.' Under the latter, he puts,
in vain will the North of Ireland expect, tran.
quer, ne puiss. . quillity or peace. " 'exciting discord between Catholic pas- Gentlemen-That moderate pittance, which
tors and their flocks; the 'existence of the high rents leave to the poor Peasantry, tithes; County presentment code, and the large Country Assessmeüts nearly take
from them; roads are frequently planned and l but of a continued series of want, and labour, made, not for the general advantage of the and privation; and if the hopes and fears of Country; but to suit the particular views of a a future state are withdraw from them, by an neighbouring Landbolder, at the public ex- utter separation from their own Pastor, what pense. Such abuses shake the very founda- must be the state of society? The ties of retion of the Law-they ought to be checked- ligion and morality being thus loosened, a Superadded to these mischiefs, are the per- frightful state of things has ensued-Perjury manent and occasional Absentee Landlords. | has abounded -The sanctity of oaths have residing in another Country, not known to ceased to be binding, save where they admi. their Tenantry, but by their Agents, who nister to the passions of Parties, The Oaths extract the uttermost penny of the valne of of the Orange Associations, or of the Ribbonthe lands. If a lease happens to fall in, men, have, indeed, continued to be oblithey let the farm by public auction to the gatory.-Asfor Oaths administered in a Court highest bidder. No gratitude for pass ser- of Justice, they have been set at nought.” vices-no preference of the fair offer-no Respecting an over active Mugis. predilection for the ancient tenantry, (be they tracy, Tithes, and the administration ever so deserving) but, if the highest price be not acceded to, the depopulation of an entire
of Justice, the charge contains the foltract of country ensues. What then is the lowing judicious remarks:wretched Peasant to do? Chaced from the " Gentlemen— Mis subject brings me to a Epot, where he had first drawn his breath; / consideration of the Magistracy of the Counwhere he had first seen the light of Heaven, try. Of these I must say, that some are over incapable of procuring any other means of zealous others too supine: distracted into existence-Vexed with those exactions I have parties, they are too often governed by their enumerated--and harassed by the payment | private passions, to the disgrace of public of Tithes--can we be surprised, that a Pea justice, and the frequent disturbance of the sant, of unenlightened mind, of unedncated Country. habits, should rush upon the perpetration of “ Here let me solicit your particular at. crimes, followed by the punishment of the attention to some of the grievous mischiefs, rope and the gibbet? Nothing (as the Pea flowing from the misconduct of certain Masantry imagine) remains for them, thus ha. gistrates.-One is occasioned by an excessive rassed and thus destitute, but with strong hand eagerness to crowd the Gaols with Prisoners, to deter the stranger from intruding upon and to swell the Calendars with crimes.their farms; and to extort from the weakness Hence, the amazing disproportion between and terrors of their Landlords, (from whose the number of the committals and of the congratitude or good feelings they have failed victions, between accusation and evidence, * to win it) a kind of perference for their an- between hasty suspicion and actual guilt. cient tenantry.
Committals have been too frequently made 1," Such, Gentlemen, have been the causes, out (in other Counties) apon light and trivial which I have seen thus operating in the North grounds, without reflecting upon the evil con
of Ireland, and in part of the South and West. sequences of wresting a Peasant (probably * I have observed, too, as the consequences of innocent) from the bosom of his family--im
those Orange Combinations and Confeder-muring him for weeks or months in a noisome - acies, men, ferocious in their habits-unedu Gaol, amongst vicious companions. He is cated-oot knowing what remedy to resort afterwards acquitted, or not prosecuted; and to-in their despair, flying in the face of the returns a lost man, in health and morals, to
Law, entering into dangerous and criminal his ruined and beggared family.---This is a · counter associations, and endeavouring to pro hideous, but common picture. cuje arms, in order to meet, upon equal terms,
“ Again, fines and forfeited recognizances their Orange assailants.
are multiplied, through the misconduct of a *" To these several causes of disturbance, we | Magistrate. He binds over a Prosecutor, unmay add certain moral causes. There has der a heavy recoguizance, to attend at a dis* existed an ancient connexion, salutary in its tant Assizes, where, it is probable, that the * nature between the Catholic Pastor and his man's poverty or private necessities must • Flock. This connection has been often, with prevent his attending. The man makes devery little reflection, inveighed against, hy fanlt-his recognizance is forfeited—he is those who call themselves friends to the Con- | committed to the County Gaol upon a Green stitution in Church and State. I have had Wax Process--and, after long confinement, judicial opportunities of knowing, that this he is finally discharged at the Assizes, purconnection between the Catholic Pastor and suant to the Statute; and, from an industrious his Flock, has been, in some instances, weak- Cottier, he is degraded, from thenceforth, ened, and nearly destroyed the Flock, goad- into a Beggar and a Vagrant, ed by their wants, and Alving in the face of “ Other Magistrates presume to make out the Pastor, with a lamentable abandonment vague committals, without specifying the day
of all Religions feeling, and a dereliction of of the offence charged, the place, or any ** all regard to that pastoral superintendence, other particular, from which the unfortunate
which is so essential to the tranquillity of the Prisoner could have notice to prepare his deCountry.--For, if men have no prospect here, fence. [This suppression is bighly indecorous, unfeeling and unjust--and it deserves, upon which, that it may benefit the Cottager, every occasion, a severe reprobation of the should be brought home to his door. Such an Magistrate, who thus deprives his Fellow- Administration of Justice would greatly reSubject of his rightful opportunity of de concile the lower orders of the People, with fence.
the Government under which they live ; and, “ There are parts of Ireland, where, from at no very distant period, I hope, attach the absence of the Gentlemen of the County, them to the Law, by imparting its benefits, a race of Magistrates has sprung up, who and extending its protection to them, in ac. ought never have borne the King's Commis tual and uniform experience.-Gentlemen, if sion. The vast powers entrusted to those Of. you ask me, how may this be accomplished? ficers, call for an upright, zealous, and con I answer, hy a vigilant superintendence of scientious discharge of their duty.
the Administration of Justice at Quarter Sesa “ Gentlemen-As to Tithes, they are gene. sions, and an anxious observance of the conrally complaine of as a great grievance. In | duct of all Justices of Peace. -Perhaps, the the times in which we live, they are a tax | Commission of the Peace, in every County upon industry, upon enterprise, ahd upon in the Kingdom, should be examined. Duragrieultural skill. Is a man intelligent and ing a long war, in seasons of popular comindustrious-does he, by agriculture, reclaim motion, under Chief Governors, (all acting, a tract of land, and make it productive of unquestionably, with good intentions, but corn, he is visited and harassed by the Tithe | upon various principles and different views) Proctor; does his neighbour, through want it is not improbable, that many men have of inclination or of skill, keep his farm in crept into the Commission, who, however pasture and unimproved, he is exonerated useful they might occasionally have been, from the burden of Tithes, and from the visi. ought not to remain.--The needy Adventurer tations of any Clergy, not belonging to his the Hunter for Preferent the Intemper-' own Church. Far be it from me to say, that | ate Zealot-the Trader in false loyalty-the Tithes are not due to the Clergy. By the the Jobbers of Absentees-if any of those law of the land, they have as good a title to various deseriptions of individuals are now to their Tithes as any of you have to your es- be found, their names should be expunged tates; and, I am convinced, that the Clergy- from the Commission; and if such a mode of man does not, in any instance, exact what proceeding should thin the Commission, vahe is strictly entitled to. But this mode of cancies might be supplied, by soliciting every assessment has been much complained of; Gentleman of property and consideration to and it is particularly felt in this Country, be discharge some part of that debt of duty, cause the Catholic receives no spiritual com which he owes to himself and the Country, , fort from his Protestant Rector; he knows by accepting the office of Justice of Peace.
him only through the Tithe Proctor, and he -Should their number be inadequate to sup. · has, moreover, his own Pastor to pay. This ply the deficiency, Clergymen, løng resident
is the reason why he thinks it a grievance; on their benefices--more inclined to follow - and, I must admit, that, although the Cler. the precepts of their Divine Master-by gyman does not receive all that he is entitled | feeding the hungry and clothing the naked to, and although it may not be a grievance in | Catholic, (although, adhering to the commu. another country, yet the Tithe system is a nion of his fathers, he should conscientiously painful system for Ireland.
| decline to receive from him spiritual consola. “ Gentlemen-When' I visited the Housetion,) not harassing and vexing him by a new of Industry at Clonmel, (which is liberally mode of Tithing, and an increase of Tithese and conscientiously conducted by an associa- but seeking to compensate the Dissentients tion, consisting of persons of every religious from his communion for the income he derives persuasion, with the Protestant Parson and from their labour, by shewing a regard for the Catholic Priest at their head) never did their temporal welfare-attached to their my eyes witness a more blessed sight-I im. Protestant flocks by a mutual interchange of mediately asked, “ what do you pay to the good offices, by affection, and by labit.-Matron, and to the Manager?'' The suin Such a man, anxiously endeavouring, not to was mentioned it was small," I suppose,” | distract and divide, but to conciliate and resaid I, “it is no object of a County job.”— concile all sects and parties, would, from his Mr. Grubb-the benevolent Mr. Grubb smiled, education, his leisure, his local knowledge, and said, “ You have hit it, my Lord--that be, a splendid acquisition to the Magistracy, is the fact.”
and a public blessing to the district cominit“ But there is one remedy, that would, in ted to his care. Alen of this description are my estimation, more than any other, espe retired and unobtrusive; but, I trust, if sought cially contribute to soothe the minds of the I, after, many such may be found.-Persons discontented Peasantry, and, thereby, to en. | there have been of a sort, differing widely able them patiently to suffer the pressure of from those I have described, --These men those burthens, which cannot, under existing identify their preferment with the welfare of circumstances, be effectually removed-1 | the Church; and if you had believed them, mean the Egnal and impartial Adminis, whatever advanced the one, necessarily protration of Justice;">of that Justice which inoted the other.-Some Clergymerr there may the rich can pursue, until it be attained; but have been, who, in a period of distraction,