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Cority of the style and manner, I might names to be presented to the King, he have concluded some of my friends is not to select any one of them for had collected them from my familiar bishop, but merely to put his negative conversation, and transmitted them to to any or to all, if he pleases; and your press through that gentleman, then others to be presented, and so on, whoever he is, who signs himself N. G. until the names are returned without By your insertion of this sequel, Mr. a negative on any. As to the objecEditor, you have done honour to your- tion some have started, that without self, as you must be sensible it conveys a restriction, the negative power a gentle censure of that which has, I might at last leave no more names to hope, inadvertently dropt from your be presented. To this I answer, 1st, pen, and your impartiality in printing that such a supposition were to impute it ought to be construed into a tacit to the Crown a childish senseless con. retráction of some of your expres., duct; 2dly, in such case our electors sions. . . . ; tiesia.
slu l-might discontinue the presentation I have been shocked at the disre- with, perhaps, a better grace, than spectful, nay, I must say more, at the the Prelates of Ireland revoked their irreligious epithets so intemperately grant in the year 1808.--In a word, afixed, by some of your correspond. Mr. Editor, the misrepresentation of ents, to the instrument termed M. the nature and meaning of this Veto, Quarantotti's rescript. They are pro-' is, no doubt, the true cause of the perly reprimanded by N. G. But I present unhappy ferment among the wish that most able divine had ex. Irish Catholics, and of the lamentable tended his observations to two parti- opposition to the mandatory part of lars that have remained hitherto un- the Rescript in question. By the innoticed, or at least not perspicuously sertion of this short letter, you will, set forth, by any of your correspond perhaps, act beneficently, and will ents. One, that when the Theolo-oblige your friend and very humble gians of the Propaganda decided on | servant, i n
Tho. GABB. the act and its humiliating clauses, and on the measure of ceding to the Crown
LETTER the negative interference in the ap-, Of the Catholic Bishops of America, pointment of bishops, they conjectured
TO THE that the bill in question had passed in- | Catholic Bishops of IRELAND. to a law: therefore that part of their decision that regarded the 'clauses, COPIED FROM AN AMERICAN PAPER. contained no mandate, but only condescension: the negative interference,
To the most illustrious and reverend however, is beyond dispute manda
Catholic Archbishops and Bishops tory, at least with respect to the Eng. I of Ireland, the Archbishop and lish Bishops, who are the immediate Bishops of the United States of Vicars of the Pope. I have not yet America send greeting in the Lord. seen this necessary discrimination in We have received, venerable breyour Journals. The other particular thren, with gratitude, and with the is, that of late the true meaning of respect which is due to your distinthe measure of the negative interfer- guished merit, the letter dated Feb. 26, ence on the part of the Crown, termed which you addressed to the Bishops of the Veto, has been either ignorantly the whole Catholic Church. .'. or maliciously most grossly misreprè. We are resolved, with the divine sented, as if it ceded to the Crown assistance, to preserve the unity of the permission to appoint or nominate our Church of Christ, and to assert and Bishops; than which nothing can be defend that authority of the Holy See, more perniciously false. It is noto. and primacy of honour and jurisdicriously known, that even of three tion, which the chief Pontiff is pos. sessed of, and which are essential to of the real intentions and authority of the maintenance of this unity. We the Supreme Pontiff. But we shall are equally led by sentiment and by not think : ourseloes bound BY ANY duty to profess our fidelity and obe- BRIEFS' OR OTHER DOCUMENTS. OF dience to Pope Pius VII. who now ANY KIND which may be circulated in holds that supreme station. We ad- his name, and under his ALLEDGED here, like members to their head, to') AUTHORITY, unless the least apprethis incomparable Pontiff; and since, hension of his not ENJOYING FULL as St. Paul says, 66 when one member and PERFECT LIBERTY, IN DELIBEsuffers, the other members partake in' RATING and RESOLVING shall be re. the pain,” how much more sensibly moved from our minds. , must we feel the bitter affliction of this And should the chief Pontiff depart our spiritual head! , in this life (which God forbid should
We lament, in common with you, happen in the present perilous state of venerable brethren, and we are ani-| the Church ) We, no less than you, mated with a pious indignation at the venerable brethren, are fully persuaidea of a Reverend Ancient being ded, that God will not be wanting to turned out of his house, and driven his Church, which, though it should from his country; of our innocent even for a considerable time be deBishop being cruelly 'oppressed; of prived of its chief pastor here on earth, the Head of the Church being stripped, would be exposed to less mischief than of his patrimony, and of a most me- if any person by force or terror were ritorious Pope being overwhelmed to place himself in the Chair of Peter, with contumelies. It is our duty to and thus the mystical body of Christ confess, that we, in particular, are were to be torn in pieces by fatal under the greatest obligations to the schisms. Hence we are resolved to venerable Pius VII.; since it is owing instruct the flock committed to our to his wise and apostolic conduct that care, to acknowledge no person as the this portion of the Lord's flock, situ. true and genuine successor, but him ated in the United States of America, whom the far greater part of the Bish. has been formed into a regular eccle- ops of the whole world, and the whole siastical province, consisting of the Cạtholic people, in a manner, shall Archbishop of Baltimore, and our l'acknowledge as such. suffragan Bishops.
If we, who are hardly yet known We firmly trust in the Lord, that among the Christian Churches, thus the same invincible fortitude, which venture to declare ourselves to you, shone forth in Pius VI. of happy me- our tenerable brethren, it is in consemory, will at all times be conspicuousquence of, your sending to us, in comin his successor, Pius VII.; and we'mon with the other Bishops of the Ca. have not the smallest doubt that he tholic world, your late energetical will continue to exhibit, for the con- letter; for it would be highly unbe. solation of the Church, that invincible, coming in us not to acknowledge this firmness in bearing affictions which high mark of esteem in which you he has hitherto manifested, whatever hold us. As to yourselves, you are may become his duty to pronounce, to seated in those Episcopal sees, which transact, or endure.
have been illustrated through a long • In the mean time, we declare be. series of ages by the virtues of the holy foré God, that we will respectfully prelates, your predecessors, in them. listen to the admonitions of our Holy | In imitation of them, you conduct the Father, notwithstanding his incapa. people intrusted to you, by example city; and that we will yield a cheerful as well as instruction, in the ancient submission to his directions and ordi. and true faith and in sincere piety: mances, provided they bear the proper and together with them you exhibit, and genuine characters of Peter, and in defiance of all human artifice, fraud,
and violence, a rare and perhaps sin., this business, with the exception only, gular instance of invincible fortitude of a very few ; and with reason ; for, in preserving and fostering the Catho- what is it that we are striving to mainlic faith... Liri . . tain? The cause of Catholicity. It
We humbly commend ourselves to 'is not our own cause; it is not the your prayers, and we earnestly be-dread of thraldom, that induces us to seech God to shew favour to your act as we do. Were we threatened with: country,, to your churches, and to fetters, and dungeons, and death, and each one of yourselves.
. lwe knew that our chains would con.' Fare ye well, most illustrious and tribute more to the good of the church reverend Prelates. }',
and to the salvation of souls than our. JOHN, Archbishop of Baltimore. unrestrained liberty would do, I hope LEONARD, Bishop of Gertyra, Co. we should all be ready and glad to
adjutor to the Bishop of Baltimore. make the sacrifice, and to surrender F. R. MICHAEL, Bishop of Phila- ourselves without reserve to the will delphia.'
of our enemies." No; it is the cause JOHN, Bishop of Boston. . ! of Catholicity in general, that stimu- ' BENEDICT, Bishop of Bradstown. lates us to resistance. Our own liber. Baltimore, Sept. 10, 1811.
ty is nothing in our estimation, ab.
stracted from other motives : our.re. Rev. MR. PEACH's LETTER ligion is every thing. For that alone To Mr. Hamilton, Vice-President of we have contended; and for that alone the Liverpool Orthodox Board, ał. we will continue to contend. luded to in the last Number. .. That it is against our religion that
the grand stroke is aimed in all this DEAR SIR, Having no doubt but business, is easily discernible. The that the Liverpool Mercury of June, flourishing state of Catholicity in Ire: 3d was sent to me by your direction, land has always been a grievance in I hasten to return my thanks, and to the eyes of Government. I speak of 1 express the pleasure that I received Ireland, because their cause and ours from perusing the accounts of the en- is precisely the same. Persecutions, deavours of the Catholics of Liverpool confiscations, fomenting of rebellion and its environs to support the liberty &c. have been employed to depress it, of their Clergy. It was time that the but to no purpose. The cause stili Catholics of England should begin to prevails, and Ireland is more Catholic publish their sentiments; and I rejoice now than perhaps it would have been that the county where the Catholic re. had none of those severities béen em. ligion is most Hourishing has taken the ployed. 'A different system is now in lead. I congratulate you on the ho contemplation--a system 'never before nour of being the first man of spirit adopted. It is to depress the clergy, and independence, who dared to raise to enslave the hierarchy, and, in time, . his voice. You may reckon upon the to corrupt it, and then to mislead the sentiments of this neighbourhood. people. The ostensible object, inThey are all, with only a few excep- deed, in these measures is, to have se tions, in unison with you. The Rev. curities of loyalty in return for the J. Hawley, the Provincial of the Fran- boon of emancipation; but the real ciscans, who is the officiating Priest at object is, the weakening the cause of St. Peter's chapel, in this town, is par.Catholicity in these islands, and to ticularly zealous in the cause. Almost prevent the growth of what is called every other Priest in this neighbour-popery. The plan is deeply laid, and hood, and the number is not inconsi. if suffered to be adopted, will, most derable, is 'attached to Dr. Milner, probably, in process of time, produce and is ready to promote his exertions. its effect. . In fact, how would loyalty We seem to be almost of one mind in be secured by binding down the cler.
gy? Are they the only persons in , ignorance of causes and effects, or that whom disloyalty will be 'suspected ? there are other motives besides the It has been by their loyalty and by | ostensible one. The first cannot be sup. their exertions that the people have posed; the second cannot be doubted. been kept in obedience and submission : Two' reasons are assigned for reduring the severest trials. In all the quiring securities from the pastors of partial disturbances and rebellions, the church: first, because communi. the Bishops have been always loyal.cations with a foreign power, the see When the other orders of people have of Rome, is through them; second, been flying to arms, and raising the because it is feared that the established standard against their Sovereign, the church would be endangered without Bishops have endeavoured to wrest such securities. The first is of little the arms out of their hands, and have weight in the scale. Ever since the been ready to sacrifice their lives in establishment of the Protestant reliperforming the great duty of enforcing I gion, these communications between loyalty and submission among their the Bishops and the see of Rome have flocks. The inferior clergy, with only existed, and no effects prejudicial to a few exceptions, have followed their government have arisen from them. example. Why, then, are securities | The past is the most efficient pledge to be required from them only? - for the future that can be given; more They are the people who have preserv- efficient by far than that of the most ed their loyalty untainted through unlimited Veto would be; for, in past ages; and why are they selected out times, it was religion that bound them to be restricted, and degraded, and to loyalty and patient endurance, in watched? If securities are necessary, the midst of privations, and persecu. let them be exacted from those, from tions, and worldly inducements of whom it is imagined that danger every kind, to seek protection from is to be apprehended; let them be abroad; and the same religion will exacted from that order of people have the same effect upon their con. which has been disgraced by disloyal. duct, when no such inducements exist, ty and rebellion. If the order of provided that the prelacy is adorned nobility has been disgraced at a for- / with characters of the same illustrious mer period by the spirit of disloyalty, distinction as it has hitherto been. and danger is still to be apprehended, This, therefore, cannot be the real molet them be subjected to the examina- tive why securities are required in the tion of commissioners, before they are appointment of Bishops.--No: the allowed to enjoy the full privileges of real motive is no other than the fear of their rank. If the gentry, let them be the established church being endansubject to the same, before they are gered. suffered to hold places of trust, or to But how will that danger be remova sit in Parliament." If the commoned by the power of the Véto? Hither. people, let them bring forward testi- to we have had a zealous orthodox monies of loyalty, before they are al- prelacy, and an exemplary laborious lowed to enjoy the benefits of eman. I clergy; and none of them have encipation. These would be securities deavoured to overturn the church esta. that would seem to meet the dangers blished. They have, indeed, preached apprehended. They would be odious the word of God without fear; they
and insupportable, without doubt; but have instructed the ignorant, visited the *they would be consistent. But to re- sick, and spread around them the odour quire securities from those who have of piety and good example. Their been always distinguished for loyalty, words and works have confirmed their and who have, more than any others, own flocks in the faith, and have in. restrained the spirit of rebellion among duced others from without to inquire the people at large, argues either an | into our tenets. All this they have done: and if this be undermining the by preaching boldly the word of God established church they must plead in season, and out of season. In this guilty. But will they not still conti- manner only can the Veto be a securi. nue to do the same? Other means ty to the safety of the established they have not employed, nor will they church. The plan is well laid: and if ever employ.-But these they will un- it could once be brought to bear, it less a preventive be devised and put would have the desired effect, and the in force. But how is the Veto to be danger, at present apprehended, would a preventive? Will it close the disappear. Time undoubtedly would mouths of these venerable apostles of be required before it could have any the truth? Will it make them less vis sensible effect. But when once the gilant, less charitable, less zealous? power of preventing the increase, the By no means. They will pursue the ultimate success of the Catholic cause, same track, because conscience leads is obtained, the security of the esta. them: and as long as the present list of blished church is confirmed. . prelates exists, the same danger to the These are my ideas of the proposed established church, if it may be called measures--they are my ideas, because, danger, will continue.
considering the cause, and examining Of this our enemies are well con- the effects to be produced by it, I see vinced. They know that the present no other connexion that can possibly members of the hierarchy were ap. exist between them. There is a conpointed on account of real merit; on nexion here, and a consistency in account of their piety, their learning, every respect. If a more rational intheir zeal, their worth: they know terpretation can be given, one that that no bribe will tempt them to will clearly point out a more probable Swerve from their duty, no threat in. connexion between the cause and the duce them to hold their peace: they effect, I will not object to it. know it, because they have had the That our English Laity, the great most indubitable proofs of it.--If, promoters, and perhaps the first prothen, the established church is endan. | posers, of these measures, have the gered by the zeal, the preaching, and same intentions as the Government, I the incorruptible perseverance of the do not pretend to say. But this I present members of the hierarchy know, that they, or at least the great. (and this is the only way by which it er number of them, have not due has been, orever will be, endangered by respect for their Clergy. I know that them); and if there are no means by they consider them as men unacquaintwhich they can be induced to relax ined with the world, and unfit to have their exertions, the securities required the management of temporal concerns; can be no otherwise effective than by that they would, if possible, take out preventing the hierarchy from being of their hands the agency or trust for adorned with such splendid characters missionary establishments, and the sufor the time to come: the Veto can no l perintendance of the temporalities of otherwise secure the safety desired colleges, &c. and place them under than by giving power to object to, and the controul of the Laity in all things aftix the suspicion of disloyalty on | except in spirituals. It is not less those men who have distinguished notorious, likewise, that they dread themselves by their zeal and inflexible giving offence to their Protestant brecourage, and who are the only fit can thren by agitating the question of re. didates, and by bribery and intrigue ligion, and that they would if possible to cause the choice to fall on those prevent the Clergy from doing the men, who are less pious, less zealous, / same, either in writings, sermons, or and who had rather detain the truth conversations.-Not that they are dif. in injustice, than give umbrage and fident of the truth of their religion. offence to their Protestant brethren, By no means. If there had been any ORTHOD. Jour. Vol. II.