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and to teach their flocks to “ Render / gians appear to think otherwise, and " to Cæsar the things which belong to have DECREED that the Catholics 66 Cæsar; and to God the things ought to receive and embrace with 66 which belong to God.” But, my " content and GRATITUde the law which fellow Catholics, suffer not yourselves “ was proposed last year for their to be deluded by these men, but come " emancipation.” Now this is at least forward and declare your abhorrence an apparent assumption of foreign suof their practices. Protest against their periority or pre-eminence in civil affairs; unprincipled measures, which are cal- and therefore I do contend that these culated not only to subvert your holy gentlemen are bound by their oaths to religion, but also the happiness and disavow this part of the Rescript, in welfare of your country. The Board order to allay the fears of those who is taking great pains to disseminate the have been under such a dread of the Letter of M. Quarantotti, and the Ve- influence of the Papal Power over the toists are in high spirits at its contents; minds of the Catholics.--This influence but I really cannot see that their cause has been a bugbear in the eyes of our is likely to be benefited by it. At all Protestant brethren, and it has terrified events, if the Board has a mind to be them most terribly for a long time; but consistent, it must disclaim that part of it will now sink into oblivion. For the the document which says, that the independent conduct of our Irish bré. 66 chief duty of a Minister of the Church thren, both Clergy and Laity, in their « is to attend every where to the Pron resistance to this Rescript, must con“ pagation of the Catholic Faith, which vince the most fastidious that the Powus can alone lead to eternal happiness, er of the Pope in civil matters is a mere s and the removal of error." For the phantom. Hence, then, the publica, Board has declared that it 6 decidedly tion of the Letter will not be without “ disapproves of EVERY publication, its good effects. But they will be quite “ either illiberal in language or uncha contrary to the intentions of those who “ ritable in substance, injurious to the were instrumental in procuring it. In6 character or offensive to the just stead of accelerating emancipation, it 6 feelings of any of our Christian bre- will probably retard it for a time. But " thren."-But if it is the duty of a it will tend to remove much of the preCatholic Clergyman to preach, per- judice which Protestants have imbibsuade, and advise, in order that they ed, that the Catholic Religion is inimia reclaim those who are in error to the cal to Liberty; and it will convince Orthodox Faith, it will be impossible many who held a different opinion, for them to do it without offending the that although Catholics pay an implicit feelings of some of our Christian bre- obedience to the See of Rome in points thren, and therefore the Board must of Faith and Doctrine, they also know decidedly disapprove of doing that how to appreciate their duty as Citiwhich, M. Quarantotti says, “ We are zens of the British Empire. It was my 66 taught by the precepts of the Gospel intention to offer some remarks upon " and the example of the Apostles and M. Quarantotti's Rescript; but as it " their successors.” Most of the Mem- 18 NOT DECISIVE, but will certainly un. bers of the Board have also taken an dergo a revision before our Holy Faoath, in which they declare that they 'ther, and a Consistory of Cardinals, I do not believe that the Pope of Rome, shall content myself with laying before or any other foreign Prince or Prelate my readers a Rescript from the SecreState or Potentate, hath, or ought to tary of the Congregation de Propahave, any temporal or civil jurisdiction, ganda Fide, in 1805, when the Veto power, sūperiority, or pre-eminence, was first broached, by which they directly or indirectly, within this will see the sentiments of the Apostorealm. This is also my belief; but M. lic See, when his IIoliness was at full Quarantotti aud the council of Theolo- liberty, and there can be very little
reason to expect that the opinions of , and when the Court of London obtained posthe Holy Father have changed, since
session of Corsica, and made a similar propo.
sal, the Holy See opposed it, and that Court he has given us such an heroic example
gave up the project, of resistance, in his unparalleled suffer " With regard to the influence demanded ings under Buonaparte, for refusing to by the Civil Power in the nomination of Bishgrant that tyrant a similar concession.
ops, and the various proposals made to regu. late that influence, it is to be observed, that
a positive nomination CANNOT be allowed to Lupy Yu Leler Jrom the wecretary Copy of a Letter from the Secretary
an heterodox Government: to shew this, it will de Propaganda Fide to Dr. Con- be sufficient to recur to the sentiments of Pope canen.
Benedict XIV.--this Pontiff, in a letter ad
dressed to the Bishop of Breslau, 15th May, “The Letter to Dr. Milner, Vicar Aposto 1748, thus expresses himself, “ That in the lic of the Middle District of England, direct- whole Ecclesiastical History, there is not re ed to you, the Translation of which, by his corded a single example of allowing the apdesire, you have communicated to the Secre- | pointment of a Catholic Bishop or Abbot to tary of the Congregation de Propaganda Fide, a Sovereign of another religion; adding, that has filled the Congregation with the same ap- he would not, and could not, introduce an exprehensions manifested by the Prelates, in ample, that would scandalize the whole Ca considering the time of deciding the fortunes tholic world; and that, besides the dreadful of the Catholics by Parliament, as the most judgment inflicted on him in the next world, dangerous for the purity and existence of our he would render his name odious and accursed holy Religion, that has occurred since the time during his life, and much more so after his of the Reformation in that kingdom ; nor is it death.” The same difficulty would arise alany injustice to an heterodox Government, if though the right of appointment were limited this very measure be suspected of having that to a class of Clergymen to be first approved tendency; for which reason the Vicars Apos- of by the Bishops, as for example, in which tolic and the Bishops of that Empire must lay two were to be appointed in each diocese or aside every idea of their own advantage or tem- district. But, besides, this project (of Vicars) poral interests, that their hearts may not be involves the greatest difficulties on account of teakened so far as to induce them to consent local circumstances; for, even abstracting to any thing that may turn out prejudicial to from the possible ambition of Clergymen to be Religion.
appointed Vicars-General by the Bishops, “ This spirit of disinterestedness is mani and Vicars-Apostolic, when the candidates fested in Dr. Milner, from the tenor of his let are selected from the labouring Clergy, even ter; and in consequence of it, he wisely de- | the ambitious are induced to labour for the sires of the Sacred Congregation instructions, benefit of souls. It is also clear, that, if in by which he may be guided in the Treaty in such a want of Clergy to be selected for the which he is engaged.
post of Vicar-General, Missionaries will be“ The Sacred Congregation, however, finds come scarce indeed. The simple right of exall projects submitted to him, by those politi cluding or rejecting would produce fewer incians, replete with most serious difficulties. conveniences, were it properly limited; beIn the first place, as to the project of allow cause otherwise, by continually excluding, a ing fixed pensions from the Treasury to the positive right might be indirectly obtained. Bishops and Clergy of the Empire, his Holi “ But this is entirely new, nor can the conness has already expressed his sentiments on sequences of its introduction be calculated ; but that head, by means of a note directed to you as all these projects are mentioned for the from the Secretary, on the 7th of August 1801,
e 7th of August 1801, | purpose of giving security to the Government, which being communicated to the Metropoli | that no obnoxious person will be promoted, tanz and Bishops of Ireland, they answered, it should be sufficient to recir to experience that they would cheerfully surrender every | of so many ages, to assure the Government of Temporal advantage for the preservation of the anxiety of the Holy See, not only that the Religion. A copy of that note is annexed, persons elected should not be obnoxious, but and to be sent to Dr. Milner. · And, in truth, even pleasing to it Even you, Sir, can atby accepting such Pensions, the Clergy will test the great industry, activity, and secresy, lose many other means of support, which they used by the Holy See, in excluding a person, now derive from the piety of the faithful, and some time ago, who was suspected would not those Pensions would be their only support. | be pleasing to the Court, although he was Now, who does not perceive to what serious | most strongly and powerfully recommended, temptations the Clergy would be exposed, by and appointed another, who would certainly consenting to something prejudicial to Reli | be acceptable. Moreover, the Sacred Congion, which can, even without notice, reduce gregation, being always in the habit of paythem to beggary, by withdrawing those Pen- | ing attention to the recommendations and possions. For this, and many other reasons, when tulations of the Metropolitans and other Vithe National Assembly of France adopted the cars Apostolic, and even to the Clergy of the maxim of giving pensions to the Clergy, Pius respective Dioceses, before it presents such VI. of holy memory, condemned in his Brief, persons to his Holiness, it must readily know of the 10th March, 1791, page 61, and Seq.; I which persons are not acceptable to that Go
ORTHOD. JOUR. VOL. II.
vernment, so as to exclude them entirely. As conversation, which is said to have to the wish of the Nobility to have Bishops taken place on the preceding evening instead of Vicars Apostolic, considered abstractedly, it is most holy and consonant to
in the House of Commons, and which the Constitution of the Church, and had been is of considerable importance to the long since spoken of in England, the oh Catholics of this kingdom. In this reject alone which they have in view is unplea
I port it is stated by the editor, that Sir sant, that of having Prelates less attached to the bloly See. But Rome would be under no
J. C. Ilippesley, iu moving that some apprehension from such change, from the papers, which had been previously proconduct of the Irish Roman Catholic Bishops,
duced, in order that the House might with whom she is equally satisfied and pleased, as with the Vicars Apostolic of England
be put in possession of the regulations and Scotland, even without adventuring; that which had been adopted respecting his although, as to right, their condition is differ | Majesty's Catholic subjects in Malta ent, still experience teaches that the conse
änd Canada, and other documents quences are the same. The circumstances of the times should alone be adverted to, and the
which threw light on the nature of inconveniences wliich may probably be ex- | the practice of the Roman Catholic cited by the Cisalpine Club, to point out the Church, alluded to the re-establishpropriety of wording any change. The most
ment of the Order of Jesuits, the plans fatal of all projects would be (although Dr. Milner says it is entertained but by few)
for which, he said, were deeply laid, THAT OF SUBJECTING ALL COMMU and those best acquainted with the NICATION WITH ROME TO THE EXA-l state of Ireland dreaded the event. Ano MINATION OFHIS MAJESTY'S MINIS
other circumstance, which he thought TERS. This Right has never been acknowtedged by the Holy See in any Catholic Prince, should be viewed with JEALOUSY was, and the example quoted of France is limited the frequent meetings which had been by the Concordats to Ecclesiastical Appoint
held by the Catholic Clergy in Irements. But how much more dangerous would it be in an heterodox Government of opposite re
| land; ati assumption of authority the ligious marimsi It is to be hoped that the more wonderful, considering the rea few who proposed it will not have adher-strictions which the Catholic Clergy ents to it, and that a Gòvernment, WHICH had submitted to in Catholic as well BOASTS OF GIVING COMPLETE LIBERTY TO ITS SUBJECTS, will not im- |
as in Reformed Countries. The pose chains in those delicate concerns which columns of the Dublin papers were regard conscience, 'ON WHICH ALONE the full of accounts or projects of such as: Catholics confer with the Holy See, as ap- I semhlies and to prove their assump. pears from the questions sent by this Sacred Congregation to the Bishops and Vicars Apos tion of corporate authority, he had ontolic, to be a guide and rule in their relationly to refer to resolutions of the Cathoof the state of their Dioceses, the first article | lic Prelates, adopted in a meeting held of which is, that it does not seek for political news. It has been matter of great comfort to
at Dublin on the 16th of Feb. 1810. the Sacred Congeegation to find, that Dr. |
He hoped the Government of Ireland Milner has obtained great liberty of consci- was alive to the consequences of such ence for the Catholic Soldiery, and that he meetings. If this report is correct, I has induced many personages to assent to a law validating marriages contracted before
| hope my Catholic country men will also Catholic Priests. The Sacred Congregation be alive to the consequences of Vetodesires you to return him their sincerest | ism. It may perhaps be necessary to thanks; finally, the subscribing Secretary as. remark, that the Ilon. Baronet, who is sures you of his esteem, &c. &c. &c.' Let the reader weigh this document
here represented as calling the attenwell within his mind, and he will then
tion of Government to the synodical be able to form a correct opinion of
| meetings of the Irish Catholic prelates,
is the new and avowed friend of a well the measure of the Veto, and of the conduct of the WiFOLE Irish Clergy
known character in the private transa
actions of the Board of English Cathoin opposing it.
lics, and may therefore, in some mea.
sure, be supposed to speak the senti: PROTESTANT JEALOUSY.-In Thements of that body. It seems, then, Morning Chronicle of the 18th inst. from the above account, that there ex: (May) I find the report of a debate or ists ä desire among some of our legis
lators, not only to put down the Lay | which they are the ostensible guar. Board of Irish Catholics, (we hear no dians, from the intrigues of those men, complaint of that servile and self-ap- / who are endeavouring to subvert it, pointed one on this side the water) | by framing laws which are considered but also to prevent the venerable and as militating against its principles? truly disinterested Catholic hierarchy | What then are we to think of this cry of Ireland from meeting in synod, to about Jealousy? Does it not savour discuss matters purely religious, and more of hypocrisy than of sincerity ? which meetings, let it be observed, are What can we think of those men, who occasioned by measures being intro- | have been so long labouring to gain duced into Parliament by these very their ends by means the most disgust. men, inimical to the existence of that | ing to us as Catholics and Englishmen divine creed which the prelates are who have been trying to shackle our bound to defend, even at the expense venerable Clergy in a disgraceful bond. of their lives. This, to be sure, is ex- | age, under pretence of obtaining for tremely kind and liberal on the part the Laity a specious emancipation of our pretended friends. They pro- and now, because they find themselves pose to emancipate us—to admit us in- thwarted and foiled in all their mea. to the bosom of the British Constitu- sures-because they find the sacred tion, founded by our Catholic ances. - Watchmen” vigilant and incorrupti. tors. But when we find that the mea. | ble because they find they are not to sures introduced by these gentlemen be overcome either by the allurements will ultimately tend to destroy not on- of a pension, or the decree of an inly the purity of our faith, but the li, efficient rescript, although'issued from berties of our country, and therefore the Propaganda at Rome, declaim refuse to accept the boon on these dis- against synodical meetings, and wish graceful terms, we are calumniated by to silence by force what they cannot our enemies, and held out by those overcome by Machievalism? But do who call themselves our friends as ob- you call this Emancipation, good Yetojects of JEALOUSY. But WHY, Imen? Is this English Liberty? Is this beg leaye to ask---WHY should Ca- the way you would establish Civil and tholic Bishops not have the privilege Religious Freedom !--Catholics, beto assemble and discuss religious sub- ware! Be not deluded by the deceitful jects, and it is on these points ONLY promises of these men! Be not allured that they pretend to determine, as well by the prospect of temporal advanas the Synod of Ulster-the Kirk of tages! Depend upon it, the ruin of Scotland—the Quakers, who have their your religion will follow the proposed annual and quarterly meetings—the concession of the Veto. Had the ve. Methodists, and the various other sects nerable Prelates coincided in the views with which this enlightened country of these political jugglers, we should abounds? Why should Government have heard nothing about JEALOUSY at be more jealous of the meetings of their meetingsthings would have these venerable patriarchs, than of gone on smoothly, and all would have those sectaries I have mentioned? Are | been well with these gentlemen. But their meetings more dangerous to the remember, Catholics, when our eighth stability and good order of govern- Henry first extorted from the Convo. ment: Are their decisions more inju- cation of the Clergy a confession, that rious to morality, or the welfare and the King was the Protector and the happiness of society? And what is" supreme Head of the Church and THE Cause of these meetings, which « Clergy of England,” nothing was have excited so much occasion for the said about the sense in which that su. jealousy of Government? Is it not to preme headship was to be understood. preserve the purity of that holy reli- Four years afterwards, however, the gion, established by Christ himself, of same Convocation voted, under the King's direction, that the Bishop of men at this enlightened era who look Rome had, by the law of God, no upon these venerable fathers as a formore jurisdiction in England, than any midable band of intriguers, and who other foreign bishop. After this had have strange fears of their being rebeen granted by the Clergy, they were organized by the present Pope. These restrained, under severe penalties, I gentlemen may talk about intrigues, from meeting in convocation, without but I am inclined to think that they the King's leave, and the temporizing are far better versed in such arts, than bishops promised never to meet nor the fathers of the sacred society they decide on any matter, though purely calumniate, whose lives, from the first spiritual, but as his Majesty should institution of the order to the present direct. This compliant conduct would day, have given a direct contradiction suit our Veto-men; but, thanks to an to the foul aspersions heaped upon all-wise Providence, there is one hap- them, for besides the purity and sancpy circumstance, on which we may tity of their manners, they were conbuild our safety. Harry found only spicuous for a virtue of which their one bishop, who had courage enough enemies cannot boast, DISINTERto resist his ambitious and irreligious ESTEDNESS; and this may, perhaps, views. Now we have only one wil. be the cause of the hatred borne ling to take an active part in favour of against them at this moment.-Howthe obnoxious measure. Here then is ever, reader, Mr. Kenny, for that is our sheet anchor; on this let us rely the gentleman's name, belonged to during the impending storm. Bat, in the order of the Jesuits, the peculiar the mean time, let us, the laity, pub- object of which is, to promote the licly pledge ourselves not to accept of glory of God, and the essential good any temporal privilege or advantage, of mankind; by teaching the different on terms which shall at all involve the branches of literature, from the first independence of our Clergy, or the rudiments of Latin grammar to the purity of our Religion.
sublime lessons of astronomy; by inAnother curious and important cir-structing children and the ignorant in cumstance, as connected with the li- the principles and duties of religion ; berty of conscience and freedom of the by assisting the faithful, whether rich subject, is stated in the above report.-- or poor, in their wants, and to direct It appears that an estate, called Castle them in the path of salvation, as well Brown, in Ireland, has been purchased by writing as by word of mouth; in for 16,000l. and a seminary establish- short, Mr. Kenny belonged to a society, ed for the instruction of youth. This the members of which, says Dr. Robertinstitution has also been held out to son, in his history of Charles Vth, “by Government as a proper object of the improvements they have made in JEALOUSY; and for what reason, 66 the methods for promoting the indo you imagine, reader? Why, be “ struction of youth, have contributed cause the gentleman at the head of is " so much to the progress of polite ..... A JESUIT!.... Nay, don't be “ literature, that, on this account frightened, reader; we know there they have merited well of society. have been times when wretches have 15 Nor has the order of the Jesuits," sworn, and Englishmen have believedhe continues, “ been successful only and paid them for it too, that
6 in teaching the elements of litera" the Jesuits, ere we mind 'em, “ ture ; it has produced likewise emi“ Steal in unseen, that none can find 'em,
6 nent masters in many branches of " And cut our throats and burn our houses, "And stop our wind-pipes in close nooses,
6 science, and can ALONE boast of “ As country farmers strangle hares,
6 a greater number of ingenious au“ And hurtful pole-cats catch in snares.” “ thors, than all the other religious But surely none are so credulous in “ fraternities put together.” This, these days. "Tis true there are some reader, is the testimony of a Protestant