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'Tis doubt,' he will be. Letters came last night
0, I am pressed to death, Through want of speaking !—Thou, old Adam's likeness,
[Coming from her concealment. Set to dress this garden, how dares Thy harsh, rude tongue sound this unpleasing news ? What Eve, what serpent hath suggested thee To make a second fall of cursed man? Why dost thou say, king Richard is deposed ? Dar’st thou, thou little better thing than earth, Divine his downfall? Say, where, when, and how, Cam'st thou by these ill tidings ? Speak, thou wretch. Gard. Pardon me, madam
: little joy have I, To breathe this news; yet what I say is true.
Queen. Nimble mischance, that art so light of foot,
To meet, at London, London's king in woe.-
[Exeunt Queen and Ladies.
1 This uncommon phraseology has already occurred in the present play.
Gard. Poor queen! so that thy state might be no
worse, I would my skill were subject to thy curse. Here did she drop' a tear; here, in this place, I'll set a bank of rue, sour herb of grace ; Rue, even for ruth, here shortly shall be seen, In the remembrance of a weeping queen. [Exeunt.
SCENE I. London. Wesminster Hall.2 The Lords
spiritual on the right side of the throne ; the Lords temporal on the lefi ; the Commons below.
Enter BOLINGBROKE, AUMERLE, SURREY, NORTHUM
BERLAND, Percy, FITZWATER, another Lord, Bishop of Carlisle, Abbot of Westminster, and Attendants. Officers behind, with Bagot.
Boling. Call forth Bagot:
Bagot. Then set before my face the lord Aumerle.
1 The quarto of 1597 reads fall. The quarto of 1598 and the folio read
$ The rebuilding of Westminster hall, which Richard had begun in 1397, being finished in 1399, the first meeting of parliament in the new edifice was for the purpose of deposing him.
3 Thomas Holland, earl of Kent, Brother to John Holland, earl of Exeter, was created duke of Surrey in 1597. He was half-brother to the king, by his mother Joan, who married Edward the Black Prince after the death of her second husband, Thomas lord Holland.
4 i. e. untimely.
Scorns to unsay what once it hath delivered.
Princes, and noble lords,
Boling. Bagot, forbear ; thou shalt not take it up.
Aum. Excepting one, I would he were the best In all this presence, that hath moved me so.
Fitz. If that thy valor stand on sympathies, There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine. By that fair sun that shows me where thou stand'st, I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak'st it, That thou wert cause of noble Gloster's death. If thou deny'st it, twenty times thou liest ; And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart, Where it was forged, with my rapier's point.
1 The birth is supposed to be influenced by stars, therefore the Poet takes stars for birth.
2 Fitzwater throws down his page as a pledge of battle, and tells Aumerle that if he stands upon sympathies, that is, upon equality of blood, the combat is now offered him by a man of rank not inferior to his own. Sympathy is an affection incident at once to two subjects. This community of affection implies a likeness or equality of nature; and hence the Poet transferred the term to equality of blood.
Aum. Thou dar’st not, coward, live to see that day. Fitz. Now, by my soul, I would it were this hour. Aum. Fitzwater, thou art damned to hell for this.
Percy. Aumerle, thou liest. His honor is as true,
Aum. And if I do not, may my hands rot off,
Lord. I task the earth to the like, forsworn Aumerle ;
may be hollaed in thy treacherous ear From sun to sun.
There is my honor's pawn; Engage it to the trial, if thou dar’st. Aum. Who sets me else? By Heaven, I'll throw at
all : I have a thousand spirits in one breast, To answer twenty thousand such as you.
Surrey. My lord Fitzwater, I do remember well The very time Aumerle and you did talk.
Fitz. 'Tis very true. You were in presence then ; And you can witness with me, this is true.
Surrey. As false, by Heaven, as Heaven itself is true.
, "ill thou the lie-giver, and that lie, do lie In earth as quiet as thy father's skull. In proof whereof, there is my honor's pawn; Engage it to the trial, if thou dar’st.
Fitz. How fondly dost thou spur a forward horse ! If I dare eat, or drink, or breathe, or live, I dare meet Surrey in a wilderness, And spit upon him, whilst I say, he lies, And lies, and lies. There is my bond of faith,
1 The preceding eight lines are not in the folio of 1623. 2 I dare meet him where no help can be had by me against him.
To tie thee to my strong correction.-
Aum. Some honest Christian trust me with a gage,
Boling. These differences shall all rest under gage,
Car. That honorable day shall ne'er be seen.-
Boling. Why, bishop, is Norfolk dead?
gage, Till we assign you to your days of trial.
Enter YORK, attended.
1 i. e. in this world, where I have just begun to be an actor. Surrey has just called him boy.
2 Holinshed says that on this occasion he threw down a hood that he had borrowed.
3 This is not historically true. The duke of Norfolk's death did not take place till after Richard's.