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Against the undivulged pretence? I fight
And so do I.
[Exeunt all but Mal. and Don. Mal. What will you do? Let's not consort with
them. To show an unselt sorrow, is an office Which the false man does easy. I'll to England.
Don. To Ireland, I; our separated fortune Shall keep us both the safer.
Where we are, There's daggers in men's smiles: the near in blood, The nearer bloody.” Mal.
This murderous shaft that's shot, Hath not yet lighted ;3 and our safest way Is, to avoid the aim. Therefore, to horse ; And let us not be dainty of leave-taking, But shift away. There's warrant in that theft Which steals itself, when there's no mercy left.
SCENE IV. Without the Castle.
Enter Rosse and an Old Man.
Old M. Threescore and ten I can remember well; Within the volume of which time, I have seen
1 Pretence is here put for design or intention. Banquo's meaning is“ in our present state of doubt and uncertainty about this murder, I have nothing to do but to put myself under the direction of God; and relying on his support, I here declare myself an eternal enemy to this treason, and to all its further designs that have not yet come to light.”
the near in blood,
The nearer bloody." Meaning that he suspects Macbeth to be the murderer; for he was the nearest in blood to the two princes, being the cousin-german of Duncan.
3 Malcolm means to say, “The shaft has not yet done all its intended mischief."
Hours dreadful, and things strange; but this sore night
Ah, good father,
'Tis said, they ate each other. Rosse. They did so; to the amazement of mine
eyes, That looked upon't. Here comes the good Mac
Enter MACDUFF. How goes the world, sir, now? Macd.
Why, see you not ? Rosse. Is't known who did this more than bloody
1 " After the murder of king Duffe,” says Holinshed, “ for the space of six months togither there appeared no sunne by daye, nor moon by night in anie part of the realme; but still the sky was covered with continual clouds; and sometimes such outrageous winds arose, with lightenings and tempests, that the people were in great fear of present destruction.”—It is evident that Shakspeare had this passage in his thoughts. Most of the portents here mentioned are related by Holinshed, as accompanying king Duffe's death : “ there was a sparhawk strangled by an owl,” and “horses of singular beauty and swiftness did eat their own flesh.”
2 « A falcon tow'ring in her pride of place," a technical phrase in falconry for soaring to the highest pitch. Faulcon haultain, was the French term for a towering or high-flying hawk.
VOL. III. 27
puts upon them
Macd. Those that Macbeth hath slain.
Alas, the day!
They were suborned.
'Gainst nature still.
Where is Duncan's body?
Well, I will thither. Macd. Well, may you see things well done there;
adieu ! Lest our old robes sit easier than our new !
Rosse. Father, farewell.
Old M. God's benison go with you; and with those That would make good of bad, and friends of foes !
you to Scone?
1 Pretend, in the sense of the Latin prætendo, to design, or "lay for a thing before it come," as the old dictionaries explain it.
2 Macbeth, by his birth, stood next in succession to the crown, after the sons of Duncan. King Malcolm, Duncan's predecessor, had two daughters, the eldest of whom was the mother of Duncan, the younger the mother of Macbeth.-Holinshed.
3 Colme-kill is the famous Iona, one of the Western Isles, mentioned by Holinshed as the burial-place of many ancient kings of Scotland. Colmekill means the cell or chapel of St. Columbo.
SCENE I. Fores. A Room in the Palace.
Ban. Thou hast it now—King, Cawdor, Glamis, all As the weird women promised ; and, I fear, Thou play'dst most foully for’t ; yet it was said, It should not stand in thy posterity; But that myself should be the root and father Of many kings. If there come truth from them, (As upon thee, Macbeth, their speeches shine,) Why, by the verities on thee made good, May they not be my oracles as well, And set me up in hope ? But hush; no more.
Senet sounded. Enter MACBETH, as king; LADY
MACBETH, as queen ; LENOX, Rosse, Lords,
If he had been forgotten,
Macb. To-night we hold a solemn supper, sir,
Let your highness
Macb. Ride you this afternoon?
Ay, my good lord. Macb. We should have else desired your good
advice, (Which still hath been both grave and prosperous,)
1 « A solemn supper.” This was the phrase of Shakspeare's time for a feast or banquet given on a particular occasion, to solemnize any event, as a birth, marriage, coronation.
In this day's council; but we'll take to-morrow.
Ban. As far, my lord, as will fill up the time
Fail not our feast. Ban. My lord, I will not.
Macb. We hear, our bloody cousins are bestowed In England, and in Ireland ; not confessing
Their cruel parricide, filling their hearers
Ban. Ay, my good lord ; our time does call upon
Macb. I wish your horses swift and sure of foot; And so I do commend you to their backs. Farewell.
[Exit Banduo. Let every man be master of his time Till seven at night; to make society The sweeter welcome, we will keep ourself Till supper-time alone : while then, God be with you.
[Exeunt Lady Macbeth, Lords, Ladies, &c. Sirrah, a word with you. Attend those men Our pleasure ?
Aiten. They are, my lord, without the palace-gate. Macb. Bring them before us.- [Éxit Atten.]
To be thus is nothing ; But to be safely thus. -Our fears in Banquo Stick deep; and in his royalty of nature Reigns that, which would be feared. 'Tis much he
And, to that dauntless temper of his mind,