Page images
PDF
EPUB

SPEARE IN STRATFORD;" — “SHAKSPEALE IN LONDON;

“SHAKSPEALE IN LONDON;” - “ SHAKSPEARE in RETIREMENT;” – which, though inseparably united, as forming but portions of the same story, and harmonized by the same means, have yet, both in subject and execution, a peculiar character to support.

The first represents our Poet in the days of his youth, on the banks of his native Avon, in the midst of rural imagery, occupations, and amusements; in the second, we behold him in the Capital of his country, in the centre of rivalry and competition, in the active pursuit of reputation and glory; and in the third, we accompany the venerated bard to the shades of retirement, to the bosom of domestic peace, to the enjoyment of unsullied fame.

It has, therefore, been the business of the author, in accordancy with his plan, to connect these delineations with their relative accompaniments; to incorporate, for instance, with the first, what he has to relate of the country, as it existed in the age of Shakspeare; its manners, customs, and characters; its festivals, diversions, and many of its superstitions; opening and closing the subject with the biography of the poet, and binding the intermediate parts, not only by a perpetual reference to his drama, but by their own constant and direct tendency towards the development of the one object in view.

With the second, which commences with Shakspeare's introduction to the stage as an actor, is combined the poetic, dramatic, and general literature of the times, together with an account of metropolitan manners and diversions, and a full and continued criticism on the poems and plays of our bard.

After a survey, therefore, of the Literary world, under the beads of Bibliography, Philology, Criticism, History, Romantic and Miscellaneous Literature, follows a View of the Poetry of the same period, succeeded by a critique on the juvenile productions of Shakspeare, and including a biographical sketch of Lord Southampton, and a new hypothesis on the origin and object of the Sonnets.

Of the immediately subsequent description of diversions, etc. the Economy of the Stage forms a leading feature, as preparatory to a History of Dramatic Poetry, previous to the year 1590; and this is again introduc

tory to a discussion concerning the Period when Shakspeare commenced a writer for the theatre; to a new chronology of his plays, and to a criticism on each drama; a department which is interspersed with dissertations on the Fairy Mythology, the Apparitions, the Witchcraft, and the Magic of Shakspeare ; portions of popular credulity which had been, in reference to this distribution, omitted in detailing the superstitions of the country.

This second part is then terminated by a summary of Shakspeare's dramatic character, by a brief view of dramatic poetry during his connection with the stage, and by the biography of the poet to the close of his residence in London.

The third and last of these delineations is, unfortunately, but too short, being altogether occupied with the few circumstances which distinguish the last three years of the life of our bard, with a review of his disposition and moral character, and with some notice of the first tributes paid to his memory

It will readily be admitted, that the materials for the greater part of this arduous task are abundant; but it must also be granted, that they are dispersed through a vast variety of distant and unconnected departments of literature; and that to draw forth, arrange, and give a luminous disposition to these masses of scattered intelligence, is an achievement of no slight magnitude, especially when it is considered, that no step in the progress of such an undertaking can be made, independent of a constant recurrence to authorities.

How far the author is qualified for the due execution of his design, remains for the public to decide'; but it may, without ostentation, be told, ibat his leisure, for the last thirty years, has been, in a great degree, devoted to a line of study immediately associated with the subject; and that his attachment to old English literature has led him to a familiarity with the only sources from which, on such a topic, authentic illustration is to be derived.

He will likewise venture to observe, that, in the style of criticism which he has pursued, it has been his object, an ambitious one it is true, to unfold, in a manner more distinct than has hitherto been effected, the

peculiar character of the poet's drama; and, lastly, to produce a work, which, while it may satisfy the poetical antiquary, shall, from the variety, interest, and integrity of its component parts, be equally gratifying to the general reader.

CONTENTS.

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER 1.

Birth of Shakspeare-Account of bis Family-Orthography of his Name.

Page 1

CHAPTER II.

The House in which Shakspeare was born-Plague at Stratford, June, 1564—Shakspeare educated

at the Free-school of Stratford-State of Education, and of Juvenile Literature in the Country

at this period—Extent of Shakspeare's acquirements as a Scholar.

10

CHAPTER III.

Shakspeare, after leaving School, follows his Father's Trade-Statement of Aubrey-Probably

present in his Twelfth Year at Kenilworth, when Elizabeth visited the Earl of Leicester-Tradi-

tion of Aubrey concerning him-Whether there is reason to suppose that, after leaving his Fa-

ther, he was placed in an Attorney's Office, who was likewise Seneschal or Steward of some

Manor-Anecdotes of Shakspeare-Allusions in his works to Barton, Wilnecotte, and Barston,

Villages in Warwickshire-Earthquake in 1580 alluded to—Whether, after leaving School, he

acquired any Knowledge of the French and Italian languages.

16

CHAPTER IV.

Shakspeare married to Anne Hathaway-Account of the Hathaways—Cottage at Shottery-Birth

of his eldest Child, Susanna-Hamnet and Judith baptized—Anecdote of Shakspeare--Shak-

speare apparently settled in the Country..

29

CHAPTER V.

A View of Country-Life during the Age of Shakspeare--Its Manners and Customs-Rural Cha-

racters; the Country-Gentleman-the Country-Coxcomb—the Country-Clergyman—the Coun-

try-Schoolmaster-the Farmer or Yeoman, his Mode of Living—the Huswife, her Domestic

Economy—the Farmer's Heir-the Poor Copyholder—the Downright Clown, or Plain Country-

Boor..

CHAPTER VI.

A View of Country-Life during the Age of Shakspeare-Manners and Customs continued-Rural

Holydays and Festivals ; New-Year’s Day—Twelfth Day-Rock-Day-Plough-Monday-Shrove-

tide-Easter-tide—Hock-tide-May-Day-Whitsuntide--Ales; Leet-ale-Lamb-ale-Bride-ale

-Clerk-ale --- Church-ale-Whitsun-ale-Sheep-shearing Feast - Candlemas-Day-Harvest-

Home-Seed-cake Feast-Martinmas--Christmas.

59

CHAPTER VII.

A View of Country-Life during the Age of Shakspeare-Manners and Customs, continued-

Wakes-Fairs Weddings—Christenings—Burials.

102

CHAPTER VIII.

View of Country-Life during the Age of Shakspeare, continued-Diversions—The Itinerant Stage

-Cotswold Games—Hawking-Hunting-Fowling-Fishing-Horse-racing-The Quintaine-

The Wild-goose Chase-Hurling-Shovel-board-Juvenile Sports-Barley-breake-Parish --

Top.

120

CHAPTER IX.

A View of Country Life during the Age of Shakspeare, continued-An Account of some of its Su-

perstitions ; Winter-Night's Conversation-Peculiar Periods devoted to Superstition-St. Paul's
Day-St. Swithen's Day-St. Mark's Day-Childermas–St. Valentine's Day-Midsummer-Eve

- Michaelmas-All Hallow-Eve-St. Withold - Omens-Charms-Sympathies-Superstitious

Cures-Miscellaneous Superstitions.

152

« PreviousContinue »