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REVISION.-No. III.

acquaintance with the science of translation, and from greater

proficiency in comparative philology. They have also a OTHER TRANSLATIONS.

greater mass of evidence before them, as to the meaning of The indiscriminate latriaaccorded to the Authorised Ver- obscure passages ; but the lapse of centuries must have also sion helps to confirm two charges, which have often been given great opportunities for interested perversions, amid the brought against the English nation; that of inordinate self- polemics of controversy, and the perplexities arising from a satisfaction, and that of indifference to what are called par constant multiplication of copies, all propagating fresh and ercellence “ Learned Studies.” With respect to the first, vast fresh variations. as have been our strides of late towards a more cosmopolitan If a comparison be made between the Septuagint and impartiality, that intrinsic insular conceit, which can lurk Vulgate, there can be no doubt that the value of the former beneath a liberal exterior, is but little modified ; with regard is infinitely superior to that of the latter, so far as the Old to the second, our writers, with a wholesome fear of the cob- Testament is concerned. With respect to the New Testament webs and dust of centuries, may be said to shine principally the Vulgate stands alone; but, fortunately, from the greater in amusing literature, adaptations from continental authors, familiarity with Greek prevailing in Europe, the New Testaand works of a material and immediately practical use. ment does not present so great difficulties as the Old. In other

If our area of thought were wider, and that sort of erudi- words, we moderns are much more at home in Greek than in tion which confers the title of learned more diffused, we Hebrew, and are, therefore, not to such a degree dependent should not be as apathetic as we are about translations of upon extraneous assistance. Still, in determining the state the Sacred Books in other languages and of different dates. of the text in the first centuries the Vulgate is of special use ; This want of literary, and indeed theological, interest justifies and, inasmuch as the New Testament is more absolutely a few words about two other world-famous Versions, after necessary to us as Christians than the Old, an aid like this which we may be allowed to say that our own takes rank. is naturally of unspeakable value. For many years past we seem to have confined our Scriptural Perhaps the readiest way of facilitating an estimate of zeal to the mechanical multiplication of copies of the Bible. the advantages derived severally from these Versions, would This no doubt we ought to do, but not to leave the other be to give some account of their origin and history. According undone. Our labours in the department of what are called to the common, but not very trustworthy, account, the Septhe classics are not by any means remarkable, yet our activity tuagint Version was made with the full approval of the Jews in this direction is decidedly commendable, compared with of the time, about the year 277 B.C. Ptolemy Philadelphus, our interest in Sacred Philology and Hermeneutics. Our in order to supply his library with a faithful translation of the Divines, who combine otium cum dignitate, take on the whole Hebrew Scriptures, asked the assistance of Eleazar, the High far too literal a view of that often quoted phrase ; and although Priest. Six elders out of every tribe, seventy-two in all, conwe might justly expect from them works which combine veyed a copy of the sacred writings to Alexandria, and forthresearch with orthodoxy, as a rule they disappoint our expec- with translated it. Whether this account be correct or not, tations. The truth is that another department of Sacred there can be no doubt that the guarantees for a correct transScience has monopolised our attention, and that department lation were of the highest possible order. The Jews were is Liturgiology ; not that our proficiency even in this is other scrupulous to an extraordinary degree about the purity of their than superficial ; but more than this could hardly be expected text. Hebrew was not a dead language ; no temptations to in the heat of that life-and-death struggle about sacrificial falsification seem to have existed ; and, lastly, every encourageand sacramental worship in which our lot has been cast. ment was given.

While we are considering the Revision of our own Version, The work which resulted was treated with almost the same it would seem not unnatural to look with deepened interest on veneration both by Jews and the early Christians as the all those which occupy a conspicuous place in ecclesiastical original. The Sanedrim gave its approbation ; the Jews of history; space, however, will not allow us to travel farther the Dispersion used it ; Our Saviour Himself and His Apostles than the two great translations of the East and West, the Septua- quoted from it more frequently than from the Hebrew itself

. gint and the Vulgate. Both of these in intrinsic value, from Unfortunately it does not follow as a matter of course that their antiquity alone, would rank above our own, but both in our Septuagint is identical with that of 277. Lack of a the matter of diction fall far below it. In writing these last critical spirit, errors of transcribers, and religious disputes words, however, we are not unconscious of the weakness of have probably injured it, though not, however, in a high our position. It may well be said, “ How are we competent degree, as we know from citation in the Fathers. Still we to judge on this point ?” This indeed is not a question easy cannot fail to see the immense interest attaching to it; and to answer, partly from our obvious prepossessions, partly from the very restricted acquaintance with it of which we can boast our ignorance comparatively speaking) of languages other is certainly a stain upon our character both as theologians and than our own. We must be content then humbly to submit philologists. It is this Version which the Apostolic founders that the amount of unidiomatic, unrhythmical, and unintelli- of Churches commended to their converts, on this the Old gible matter in these two Old Versions, which is due both to Italic is founded; the Greek Church accepts it; the translathe original translators and to the corruptors of the texts, far tions of Eastern Christians generally were made from it ; it was exceeds that which can be found in our authorised translation. quoted in Councils; the great manuscripts, the Vatican and But, if hard pressed, we are obliged to confess that this Alexandrian, mostly agree together and with our modern matter is of secondary, though of considerable importance. editions. It certainly cannot be said to agree exactly with The first object in translating the Oracles of God is not our Hebrew text, but such differences as exist affect neither elegance and grandeur of style, but faithful translation of doctrine nor morals. As to style, however, it is not commendideas out of one language into another.

able ; it is full of Hebraisms, and deficient in elegance. The ordinary Vulgate version was made mainly by St. It is not necessary or convenient to mention other Greek Jerome, whose labours, like those of Origen, may justly be versions ; but the Vulgate, its different phases, and its merits termed gigantic, though he had the assistance of the Septua- and demerits

, must be briefly referred to. In the early Latingint, and of an older Latin translation. He wrote, more- speaking Churches there were numerons versions of the Scripever, at a time when the knowledge of the two languages tures, but one was better known than the rest, and this was concerned was necessarily more diffused than in the days the Italic, or Old Version. Its author is unknown, probably of our great Work. Critics of a later date have had all the for the sufficient reason, that it had no single author, different advantage which may be derived from a more philosophical writers having contributed different books,

It was made

directly from the Seventy ; and although it contains some

Reviews of Books. grand and simple expressions, is literal to a fault, and barbarous. Its successor, the ordinary Vulgate, to speak generally, is the result of a correction of the old Italic, made by THE CHURCH AND THE AGE-ESSAYS ON THE PRINCIPLES AND St. Jerome, not, however, from the Septuagint, but from the PRESENT POSITION OF THE ANGLICAN CHURCH. Edited by Hebrew. There seems to be a difference of opinion as to the Archibald Weir, D.C.L., and William D. Maclagan, M.A. extent to which the result of these labours of St. Jerome was (London: Murray, 1870.) adopted by the Roman Church, but all admit that it must Another volume of essays—this time emanating from the have been considerable. The great use which St. Jerome High Church Anglican school—both in form, title, and size of made of the Hebrew gives it its real value. A translation of volume, imitating the well-known “Church and World." a translation in some cases may be of great value, but it gene- Whether, like the latter, intended to proceed to further series, rally is a work of but little interest when the original is at or destined to go through several editions, has yet to be seen. hand.

Speaking of the volume generally we may say that the essays Several very important questions have arisen in connection are thoughtful, carefully written, and very much to the with this version, which has the sole approbation of the purpose. Among the contributors are one Bishop, one Dean, Council of Trent. Le Clerc and others have attacked St. One Oxford Professor, one Principal (King's College, London), Jerome as altogether incapable of executing the work. He two Prebendaries, one Honorary Canon, one Baronet, and five has, however, thanks to many defenders, come out of that Rectors and Vicars; a very fair representation of the Church. prosecution completely victorious.

The introductory essay is by Dean Hook—it is in every Among the advantages which he enjoyed we must not forget way characteristic of the writer : he chooses the one subject, his opportunities for examining the marvellous Hexapla of which he seems to have dedicated his life to enforce-Anglican Origen; beside this, he courted the co-operation of learned principles; a defence of the Anglican Church against the Jews; he was well acquainted with many of the places men- Church of Rome and Dissent. So long ago as 1822, in bis tioned both in Egypt and the Holy Land; his natural abilities first published Sermon, and again in 1825 at the consecration were great, and his industry not inferior. Scaliger epigram- by the Scottish Bishops of Dr. Luscombe for Paris, he matically says, " that no onesurpasses Hieronymus save Hiero- asserted the well-nigh forgotten principle of the Catholicity nymus." He is compared by others with Origen, but in the of the Anglican Church, apart from its position as legally knowledge of the Hebrew he had an advantage even over established. Later on in 1837 he published five Sermons him.

before the University of Oxford, and in the following year Returning, however, to the Vulgate, which is, in fact, the his “ Call to Union on the Principles of the English Reforold Italic Version greatly improved by the adoption in part of mation.” On these and other Sermons he established a very St. Jerome's translation, what are its merits? We answer, high reputation as a leader of the then Tractarian party. that even if we set aside the claim of inspiration which some Indeed then he was considered quite a dangerous man for his have maintained, the very existence of this claim shows the very advanced opinions, and thus he has stood, and stands still. ability of the translation, which is more or less pervaded by He is perhaps the only man in England who can say, with his genius. The Latin Church has accorded to it the highest perfect truth, that he has not changed his opinions for the form of sanction. Grotius, an impartial witness, declares his last fifty years : the present essay shows it; it is merely a great regard for it, in spite of its occasional errors and bar- rechauffé of his two pamphlets, the "Call to Union" and the barisms ; many of our own theologians are loud in its praise. “ Three Reformations.” In 1870, he is quite an anachronism Gisenius, a rationalist, commends it highly. The presence of -to read his essay now is like looking at the petrified grammatical barbarisms, albeit arising from a fear of departure skeleton of an extinct saurian. from the literal sense, renders, it must be confessed, many Very different from this is the next Essay of the Bishop of passages unintelligible ; but then, on the other hand, the prac- Gloucester, on the “Course and Direction of Modern Religious tice, far too common, of inventing a sense for a passage obscure Thought;" so far from standing still on one spot, the Bishop in the original, cannot be too severely condemned. Lastly, speaks of nothing but advance and necessary development. He certain passages, and, indeed, whole books, abound with defects does not regret the publication of the “ Essays and Reviews," which might easily have been avoided by an adoption of for they broke through the trammels which had fettered thought Jerome's interpretations ; an unwillingness to interfere too before, and gave it new direction-the very need to answer much with the existing translations, and, perhaps, the diffi- this developed thougbt, and force it into a different culty of superseding them has caused an inequality, which is channel. In speaking of the progress of thought in former much to be regretted. Unfortunately, in two most important times the Bishop betrays an entire ignorance of the revolution portions of the Bible, the Psalms and New Testament, an and progress of thought, which took place in the Middle inadequate revision of the Old Version was alone admitted. Ages, of which the University of Paris was the centre and

It would be quite out of place to enter farther into par- focus. He actually attributes to Osiander the opinion that it ticulars, but thus much has been said to show that some other is possible that the Incarnation would have taken place even translations are, like our own, excessively valuable, and yet if man had not sinned: a doctrine hinted at hy some of the imperfect; that the translation of the Bible, under any cir- Fathers, but boldly taught by Duns Scotus, in the fourteenth cumstances. is a matter of infinite difficulty as well as neces- century, and opposed by Thomas Aquinas; forming one of sity; that the propriety of renewing our efforts is a natural the famous disputations between the Franciscans and Dominiinference, unless, indeed, we are contented to leave the per- cans. There is one passage in the Bishop's essay, of immense plexing question, “How comes it to pass that different trans- importance as coming from a Bishop, respecting the xxxix. lations exhibit such wide discrepancies in interpretation ?” Articles. We quote a fragment of the passage,

" the truth is unsolved. Further consideration will probably show that our Thirty-nine Articles, as the Patriarch of Constantinople something more than a new translation is required ; and great has but lately felt, cannot be considered as a carefnlly-concredit will undoubtedly be due to our Church if she perceives structed Confession of Faith

to use them, as this, and acts upon it.

they have been used, both by writers and students, as a sort

of body of Divinity, when, as our Oriental critic justly Professor Stanley Leathes will commence his Boyle Lectures at observes, they leave almost untouched several momentous Whitehall Chapel on Sunday next. His subject will be « The Witness subjects, is simply to mistake them, and to expose them to of St. John to Christ."

much of the undeserved contempt with which they have

been treated by modern religionists." Dr. Ellicott does not consequently has no rightthough of course he has the power seem to be acquainted with Bishop Forbes's treatise on the to bring it up in heresy ; but has the Parish Priest the Xxxix. Articles, any more than with our mediæval writers. right to give up the child thus?

Essay II., by Dr. Irons, on “the State, the Church, and Essay X. The best of the lot. A thoroughly earnest plea Synods of the Future," does not call for any particular notice. for Missionary work among the non-Church-going multitudes,

Essay III., by Mr. Tyrwhitt, on “ the Religious Use of and a strong recommendation of dogmatic teaching. Every Taste," is chiefly remarkable from his not understanding tho Parish Priest should study this essay. object of art in religion. Speaking of stained windows Essay XI. Dr. Weir divides the schools of thought-ho and frescoe painting, he says, "the object of all such illus- calls them parties, we prefer the word schools—into three, tration should be instruction, so to speak, rather than the Scriptural, the Traditional, the Rational. devotior." A beautifully ornamented Church, therefore, this : it is not true that there is a Scriptural school distinct is to be a mere gallery of art for instruction, not a Temple of from a Traditional. There are two Traditional schools, one Worship for God's Saints.

which follows the traditions of the first six centuries, the other Essay IV. does not call for any particular notice.

which follows those of the sixteenth century: a purely ScripEssay V. is an earnest appeal to the Clergy for more regular tural school is impossible. The writer urges strongly moderahabits of study and devotion than are usual; the necessity tion and abstinence from calling opponents by hard names. for personal holiness in the Parish Priest is much and by no For instance, he would recommend that Dissenters be not means too much insisted on; private devotion and decotional called “ heretics" or “schismatics,” because they hold the reading strongly recommended, though, strange to say, Mr. Apostles' Creed. But do they? Does not every Protestant DisHow nowhere insists on the daily recitation of Mating and senter deny the Article “I believe in one Holy Catholic and Evensong. This paper, excellent in itself, is not equal to one Apostolic Church," and " in the Communion of Saints," and published some years ago in the Ecclesiastic, " the Priest in very many“in one Baptism for the Remission of Sins ?”. Surely the Inner Life.”

it is more really charitable to speak the whole truth in this Essay VI. shows very clearly how the great divines of the matter, than to allow those who thus deny an Article of the sixteenth century moulded the theology of the present school Faith, to be ignorant of the fact. We reserve the consideraof High Church Divines, and rescued the Church of England tion of Mr. Sadler's essay to another paper.

om the bondage of Calvinism. We are glad to see that Mr. Hadden repudiates the opinion that all the Catholic Faith is contained in the New Testament, and, admits, at least, that it

Literary Notices. gradually developed into its present form under General Councils.

The Dissenting World: An Autobiography. By the Rev. Essay VIII. When we said that this volume is written by Brewin Grant, B.A. (Macintosh : London.) This is a most the Anglican High Church School, we ought to have excepted curious picture of life among Dissenters ; no doubt it is as Sir Bartle Frere, for he seems to be ignorant of the meaning regards them but a very common-place narration of every. of the word Church. With him all sects are Churches, ours day scenes, but to most Churchmen it comes like a sketch of beirg the “ Established Church.” Like most untaught the ways and manners of some foreign nation. The author Pro'estants, he ignores the Catholic Church, and looks at an of it has recently been brought especially into notice by the inte lectual and eclectic Christianity as that alone of Divine tyrannous treatment he received from the leaders of the institution. Accordingly, in his account of Missions in India, sect in which he was a preacher, because he was too he not only speaks of the work of different Christian sects straighforward to conceal his distrust of the Gladstonite policy outside the Cburch, but talks of the Indian Church of the which his companions were deluded enough to believe would Future as a doctrinal system rather than as a part of the aid them, because it ruins the Church. From his early days Kingdom of Grace, the Catholic Church. Passing on from we here find him, standing up boldly for what he believed to this, we have really, in this essay, a most interesting account be truth and justice. He now reaps the reward in being, by of the change now going on in the Hindoo mind with regard God's good Providence, brought within the Church. His conto its old forms of belief, and of religion. The Indian mind i troversies in time past, with Infidel and Secularist writers and seems to have got very nearly into that stage in which the speakers, give evidence of learning and ready power of applymind of the Roman Empire was, when the Apostles and their ing himself, which will, we trust, as truth unfolds itself to successors were sent to plant the Church : à disbelief, more his mind, be developed still further in tbe apprehension of the or less pronounced, in the former deities, and a seeking to fulness of the Catholic Faith. The indignation of the Radical remedy the want of belief in them, by forming and working and Dissenting press against Mr. Grant is not to be wondered out systems of philosophy, in Gnosticism, and in such at, for be exposes the underhand tyranny of the Liberals in a mysteries. The crisis of Indian idolatry, with its peculiarities most damaging manner. His triumph over Messrs. Holyoake of caste and division, is being rapidly brought on by means of and Bradlaugh is all forgotten now by those who at the time railroads and other modern inventions. If the Church be most belauded him, because he cannot be induced to conceal sufficiently strong and united to seize the opportunity, India, his plain perception of the ruin which Mr. Gladstone is as a country, may become as important an acquisition to the working to Religion in England through weakening the Church. English Church as Russia is to the Greek. The essay is well We so recently noticed Mr. Grant's Dissenting Reasons for worth reading, as coming from one who bore rule in the joining the Church, that we need not enter at any length on country he describes, and who is, from his impartiality, a com- the way in which he was expelled ; nor do we wish to revive petent judge of the progress made.

a bygone dissension in a Society formed of Churchwen (though Essay IX. A very painstaking essay on Education. Dr. a striking parallel exists) by asserting that certain members of Barry, like the cautious school to which he belongs, carefully its Council underwent similar treatment because they also avoids the real point of the religious difficulty;" which is would not consent to support the powerful and unscrupulous that of practically educating children in worship far more minister whose sole aim, beside self, seems now to be the than in intellectual exercises. He fails to inform us how a ruin of Her whose faithful son he was once supposed to be Parish Priest can conscientiously give up a portion of his the Church of England. dock to heretical and schismatical worship. This class of divines seems to forget altogether that when the parent brings The Curate's Budget (Hodges : London) has this month & his child to Holy Baptism, he commits it to the Church, and capital story, for boys preparing for confirmation--or lade

afterwards-entitled “Troubles Past, Safe at Last.” The Sunday lessons such chapters as Gen. xxxiv., xxxix., and Num. xxv., I struggle between evil and good is well depicted in Walter

feel sure that she does not desire tu nourish any such misplaced delicacy

among us. Freewood, with the gradual increase of the necessary strength Page 22.-You object to the connection of forgiveness of sins with for progress in the right way.

Baptism. But you must equally object to the Nicene Creed"I acknow. ledge one Baptism for the remission of sins;" and to the words of our

Baptismal Service, where we are taught to pray "that he, coming to DISESTABLISHMENT AND SYNODAL ACTION IN JAMAICA. Thy holy baptism, may receive remission of his sins." You further

The Jamaica Synod for framing a constitution for the disestablished object in the same page, to the words which pat the forgiveness of sins and disendowed Church of the island met in January. At the opening in any relation with the Sacrament of Christ's Body and Blood. They sitting or the 13th, the following declarations were adopted :

are placed in the closest connection in our Communion Service; as, “1. The Church in this island shall be styled and known as the when we pray "Grant us so to eat the flesh of Thy dear Son, and to Church of England in Jamaica,

drink His Blood

. that our souls may be washed through His "2. We receive the Canon of the Holy Scriptures as the Word of most Precious Blood." God, and as the rule and standard of faith.

In respect of your last objection (the same page), I can only refer you “ 3. We recognise the Book of Common Prayer and Sacraments, to the “* Absolution, or Remission of Sins, to be pronounced by the together with the Thirty-nine Articles of Religion, as a true and Priest alone,” which is every day read in our Churches ; and to the confaithful declaration o! the doctrines contained in the Holy Scriptures. cluding words of the First Exhortation, when the Minister giveth

" 4. We declare that the Orders of Bishops, Priests, and Deacons warning of the celebration of the Holy Communion. ought to be retained as Scriptural and Apostolic.”

have now gone through all the passages objected to by you in tho Among the more interesting features in the subsequent proceedings little manual which you have submitted to me, and for the reasons was the debate which arose on the question of the qualification for voting which I have stated I am unable to join in your disapproval of it. for representatives at future Synods. In the course of it Mr. REYNOLDS, It is, of course, altogether within your power to object to its being a negro, spoke for his rare: - My Lord and Reverend Gentlemen, we placed in the hands of those who are immediately under your authority, have been hearing a good deal about the black people to-night, and we and I am quite sure that Mr. Weldon would not have so done had he may hare (and I don't say we haven't) a lot of black sheep amongst us been aware of this objection.(laughter)_and where won't you find black sheep?-(renewed

I remain, Sir, your very faithful servant, R. C. DUBLIN. laughter)-but we have a great many respectable men among the black L. F. L. Maberly, Esq. people, and it is not right to run us down, and say we are black, and P.S.-I entirely agree with the author of the tract that sitting at don't know A from B, and if the Parson holds up his finger the black prayers when one ought to kneel is a mark of gross irreverence to people will run to become communicants. (Loud laughter and applause.) Almighty God; and that anyone examining his conscience, may, very It takes the spirit from we black people—applause)

-but, my Lord and fitly ask whether he has been guilty of it or not. St. Paul has said that Reverend Gentlemen, I only rise to say we all think the Government and at the name of Jesus every knee should bow; and it has been a pious the voting should all be with the communicants. (Prolonged applause)." castom in the Church that there should be at least one manifestacion of

The Motion that none but communicants be electors was carried by this honour to Christ our Lord as often as the Creed is repeated. At the 58 votes against 46. During the sittings the Synod adopted an elaborate same time, I do not attach such importance to this as would lead me to financial cheme. The State-paid Clergy agreed to give two per cent. put it in a book of self-examination, bad I been preparing such. of their incomes towards meeting the wants of the future Church. The Jumaica Church of England Home and Foreign Missiocary Society was adopted as the recognised agency for performing the aggressive work of

Correspondence. the Church. It was resolved that the patronage of each Benefice should be vested in the congregation, subject to the approval of the Bishop, or in case of dispute to the Bishop in Council. The future Bishop is to be (The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of his Correspondenta.) selected by the Synod. The proceedings closed with a vote of thanks to

COLONIAL BISHOPS. the Bishop of Kingston for his conduct in the chair. A subscription fist

SIR,—The Church may well be scandalized at the number of Colonial amounted in a few minutes to £400. Sir Bryan Edwards, ex-Chief Bishops who have resigned their work and gone home to settle com. Justice, has endowed Trinity Chapel, Spanish Town, with £6,000. Since fortably in England, thus testifying to the fact that, in their experienced the sitting the congregations of the Cathedral and Trinity Chapel

, judgments

, Anglican missions are a failure. Spanish Town, have repudiated the authority of the Synod, and have

If persons selected for Chief Pastors thus disparage the Church's mis set up on their own account.

sionary powers, how can the S. P. G. authorities expect the faithful to

subscribe! The Archbishop of Dublin has addressed the following letter to a policy on behalt of Puritans. He, in conjunction with the Bishop of

Bishop Ryan, one of these home-birds, has done a wonderful stroke of layman who complained of a Manual for Communicants, recommended London, has prevented the Bishopric of Madagascar being filled by Mr. by one of his Clergy :

Willis, of New Brompton. This latter gentleman is a gentleman, a The Palace, Stephen's Green, April 7, 1870. scholar, a man of private means, and thoroughly endowed with the mis. Sir,- I have examined the passages in the little book which you have sionary spirit ; yet because he cannot say “ Amen” to all the Evangelical sent me, and am unable to join in your disapproval of them.

sentiments of Popular Puritanism, Bishop Ryan says he ought not to, I can find nothing in the passage to which you first call my attention and shall not, go. Yours truly,

A HOME PARSON, (p. 4.) more than is taught in the Catechism, where it is said that Christ's Body and Blood are verily and indeed received by the faithful in Supper. All gross, carnal, material notions, such as those held

THE ADORATION OF THE B.V.M. be sufficiently guarded against-indeed to be excluded by the language to show that'standard Anglican divines held the opinion that the soul of

that by the quotations I gave from Ken and Pearson, 1 merely intended in which the statement is made.

P. 8, sec. 3.—I consider it altogether wrong for members of the Church Our Lady, was in heaven, while maintaining an expressive silence as to to be present at, or take part in, either Roman Catholic or Dissenting Romish doctrine; I replied by quoting two (I might have extended the

the doctrine of her corporal Assumption. I was charged with adopting Services; and entirely approve of the question relating to this subject.

P. 10.—You speak of a passage in this page as "unfit to transcribe.” list) of our best Anglican authorities, whose views on the subject are As I do not share in your scruples, and as it seems to me very important, certainly not those of modern Roman Catholic theologians. Then the should this letter reach others beside yourself, that there should be no question arises, Does this in any way contradict the Catholic doctrine of mistake upon this matter, I proceed to transcribe the words. They relate

à future Judgment? and I think the answer will be in the negative. to the Seventh Commandment, and are as follows :

For we learn from the Revelation, that at the opening of the fifth seal "Have I indulged in indecent thoughts ? read indecent books ? joined the souls of them that were slain for the Word of God were under the in indecent conversation ? looked at indecent objects? committed holy and true ?” &c., and of their being bidden to rest yet for a little

heavenly altar. We read of their supplication, “How long, O Lord, indecent actions, by myself or with others ?” Eph. iii. 5. Here are five questions in all; and unless those sins

of the flesh, which season, till the martyr roll shall be complete and the last name inscribed do more to ravage and lay waste the bodies and souls of men than almost thereon. Therefore, that the martyrs are even now in enjoyment of the all others put together, were to be ignored altogether, I know Beatific Vision seems to me incontestable, and I can see no reason for pot how they could have been fewer, nor how those sins could supposing that saints like SS. Mary and John do not share a like privi. have been spoken of in a more guarded manner, or in one less lege.

I am, &c.,

W. S. BROOKE. likely to suggest the remotest thought of evil to those who by

36, St. Philip's-road, Dalston, April 23, 1870. the grace of God had been kept in happy ignorance of it. I pray God that there may never be among us, least of all among our Clergy, that THE THREE HOURS AT ST. PAUL'S, KNIGHTSBRIDGE. false delicacy--for such I must call it—which would allow souls to perish SIR-In the CHURCH HERALD of Wednesday last I saw a few words unwarned, when by a little plain speaking they might perhaps have taken out of the John Bull, about the Good Friday Services at St. Paul's, been saved ; and when I remember that our Church has chosen for her Knightsbridge. Would you allow me to say a little about the letter, as it

in the Church of Romerosas notions of teritocal presence he is considere to Sir,–In reply to the second letter of your subscriber, I must explain

may give those of your subscribers who were not there a very wrong writing St., and declared faithful allegiance to the latter, which it called idea of the devotion of the “Three Hours" as held at that Church. The Protestant usage!

The-writer of the article declares that the majority of the congrega- Now, Sirs, I ask you-a High Churchman asks High Churchmen, a tion left after Matins. I beg to say not anything like half left; what Catholic asks Catholics to defend and stick to our High Church, Catholic might have caused him to think so was that the galleries were made custom. Will you cast aside “St. James," and glory in “ S. Jumes ?”. pearly empty by their occupants coming down stairs and so filling up Finally, you may reply that you do not see s. to be a bit better than the pewa below. I certainly knelt rather near the chancel, and so heard St., so may I just give you two or three reasons in favour of the former. every word Father Grafton said, but I am told that those who were (1.) St. universally stands for "street"-e.g., Bishopsgate St. placed at the extreme west of the Church also heard very well, with the Without,” “Charles St. West, &c., &c., and even “ St. James' St.” (!), exception of part of the address during the “Sixth Wurd.” Except St. Luke St.” (!) after the end of the hymn after the “First Word " very few people left, I (2.) S. is the usage universal, and common to nearly all languages should not say more than twenty, and those that did so appeared only e.g., Latin (S. Petrus), Italian, Spanish, French (?), English (?), Portyto have remained thus long in order to see what it was like, and were

guese, &c., &c. most probably some of Mr. Westerton's few remaining adherents. In (3.) St. is used by Protestants, S. by Catholics. conclusion, I do not think the writer of the article was at St. Paul's, as (4.) Which looks the best? he gives a very full account of the Services at St. Barnabas which were

(A) St., Sr., ST., or going on at the same time, and that therefore his very accurate (?)

(B) S. James, S. Peter, S. Paul, account of the devotions at the former Church are second hand.

If my suggestion be a trivial change," it will hurt nobody, if effected, Yours, &c., A SERVER. while I promise you it will give joy to many a young Catholic, such as

myself, and, I really think, increase the sale of your newspaper. ST. SAVIOUR'S HOSPITAL AND REFUGE.

I will look out for a reply in next Wednesday's CAURCH HERALD, under SIR, -Allow me to thank you for so kindly inserting an appeal on

the heading “ Answers to Correspondents," behalf of the above, in your valuable paper of last week's date. It

And beg to sign myself, affords me great pleasure to be able to say that it has been warmly

AN ANONYMOUS ANGLO-CATHOLIC CONVERT. responded to by several ladies who have promised to assist the mach Wednesday, April 20, 1870. overworked Sister-in-Charge by reading occasionally to the Penitents [The above is so highly instructive that we have great pleasure in and instructing the children. There is much work to be done, and any inserting it, and are deeply grateful to our correspondent for enlightening further aid of this description would be most valuable. I would also us as to what is the evidence of Catholicity. We must humbly confess take this opportunity of thanking all those who have so kindly that hitherto the all-important mark was unknown to us, though we do responded to another appeal in your advertising columns, to which I generally, for the sake of brevity, write in the

Latin manner

s., instead beg to call the attention of your readers, and to any requiring further 1 of using the English contraction, with the final letter added, St. Should information regarding this charity, I should be most happy to forward our youthful “ 'vert” have the opportunity, we request him to refer to the printed Report of last year's work. I am, Sir, &c.,

page 372 of Bishop Forbes on the Thirty-nine Articles (which we opened Upper Holloway, N., April 18th. HUGH R. Gough, Hon. Sec.

accidentally just now), he will there find St. ten times to one S. Would The following sums have been most gratefully received :-The Rev. he have us, therefore, conclude that the excellent Prelate is not a C. J. Eliot, 4s. 6d. ; ditto, Is.; John G. Baldwin, Esq., 10s.; C. Poyntz Catholic ?-Ed. C. H.] Stewart, M.A., Esq., £1; Miss S. Neale, £1; H. G., £1 ls.; the Dowager Lady Bateman, £1 ls.; the Rev. E. S. Appleyard, £1 ls.; O. F. G, 28. 11d. ; C. S. and N., 2s. 8d.; Miss Lyon, £3. Further Notes, Literary, Archæological, &c. donations, also parcels of left-off clothing or of provisions, are much needed,

Among the Athenæum items we read that it is now ascertained that SUGGESTIONS TO OURSELVES.

Dr. Munck, the Swedish naturalist, is one of the many victims of Lopez. SIR-I have just chanced to light upon your CHURCH HERALD for He was detained in prison for some time, and then executed. His collecWednesday, April 13, and have with great interest perused your Notice tions have been saved, and are on their way to Stockholin. in italics, placed at the commencement, about your last six month's A new book on the native races of India, by Mr. Robert H. Elliot, " fortunes,” and your wishing to get more subscribers, readers, and corre- promises to be of considerable interest. spondents. Will you kindly take a few words from me, a young AngloCatholic, and take them in good part, respecting a " little suggestion

With a view still further to promote the growth of European vegetwhich I am about to make ? "If you will only consider my words I will ables in the hill settlements, the Government of India has established at be thankful. I must come to the point at once, more than probable, Raneekhet a garden for supplying vegetables to the troops. though it is, that you will laugh at me, and denounce my "point" as

An important discovery is said to have been made at Jerusalem. It is trivial; but I deny it to be trivial, since I seek your interest, and that an old stone bearing the figure of a god sitting on a throne, with priests of the Catholic cause in England. To be bold then- Will you adopt the

on both sides, and a Hunyaritish inscription two lines in length, which High Church way of writing the word Saint ? At random I select for had been brought from Yeman, and was offered for sale. "Dr. Oscar an example, p. 410, first column, last paragraph but one, " The Church Meyer, the Chancellor of the North German Confederate Consulate, sacof St. James's

, Marylebone.” I plead that for the future your readers, ceeded in obtaining an impression, which is at present in the hands of among whom I hope then to be, may see “ the Church of S. James's, the Confederate Consul, Dr. Blair, who is residing for a time at Berlin. &c.;" and so on through the whole paper. If this were adopted I cer- The inscription is said to contain the name of Athtar (Astarte). tainly should not let the CHURCH HERALD (I, for one, I mean, come out Some forty years ago a trunk full of manuscripts was discovered at week after week unnoticed, as hitherto, but should take great delight in Mdme. D'Arblay's old residence, Camilla Cottage, in Surrey. They had putting it into the hands of my Catholic friends. If I were to do this been concealed with some care, and one person who was present at the latter now they would take up the paper, look down at once some leading discovery survives. As “ little Burney” is known to have written more article, or turn to some notice or paragraph, on purpose to see-yes, than she published, and as not half that she wrote illastrative of Court know many (I even boast myself to be among their number) who would life was printed, we may express a curiosity as to th: whereabouts of (aye, and do) turn to see whether “The Editor is a Catholic, and writes these manuscripts, whether they consist of the numerous early stories Saint properly;" and they would immediately spy out such an instance Fanny Burney is supposed to have destroyed, or of anecdotes referring to as I cited above, and disappointedly and inexorably throw down the Royal domestic life at Windsor or at Kew. paper with an ejaculation anything but complimentary to you and the Editor, and probably dub the paper with “ Protestant wash ” "twaddle," or something equally elegant. So you see that there are some Catholics who are "silly" (*) enough

Miscellaneous. to be led by such a "trivial” point. If you deny that it is the Catholic way to write “S. Stephen," “ S.

At a meeting of the South Durham Liberal Registration Society, held Paul, S. Valentine," " SS. Michael and AA.,” for “St. Stephen,” “St. at Bishop Auckland, on Thursday, Mr. Pease, M.P., stated on what he Paul," " St. Valentine,” &c., I cannot do better than refer you to some of considered good authority, that Mr. Leatham's Ballot Bill will be with. the High Church advertisements on the back of your own paper, “S. drawn, and that the Marquis of Hartington, on the part of the GovernJoseph's College,” “S. Lawrence, Jewry,” &c., or to the swarm of Anglo- ment, will introduce a comprehensive measure for the reform of our Catholic books, sermons, and pamphlets which are now everywhere-e.g., system of conducting elections, of which the ballot will be a part. “Six Sermons by the Rev. Father Ignatius” (p. 42), “ The Kalendar of The wife of the Rev. T. Simpson, of Halecat, Witherlads, Westmorthe Church Press Company,” &c., &c., or to read the notice on such land, with Miss Simpson, her daughter, and Miss Daniel, a relative of the Churches as “ S. Andrew's, Wells-street,” “S. Ethelburga, Bishopsgate- family, were on Monday being driven by their coachman in a pair-horse street, “SS. Michael and All Aagels, Shoreditch," &c.

waggonette from Sindale to Grange, when the horses were frightened by Again, if you would deny “St." to be the Protestant usage, I must a train, and plunged so suddenly as to eject all the occupants from the ask you what else but “Protestant” it is, and what Protestant Minister carriage. Mrs. Simpson was so severely injured that she died til would not write “St.”? I also refer you to the Rock newspaper, who a minutes after the accident. The other ladies and the coachman escaped little while ago denounced S. as being " The Romish Ritualistic way" of with a severe bruising.

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