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the new Bishop of Oxford, who won his preferment from his MR. GLADSTONE'S CHURCH PATRONAGE.
connection with the Solicitor-General, combined with his open
hostility to the Irish Church. The excuse made for Mr. It is not often that we sympathise with the Record; still more Gladstone by his High Church supporters for elevating Dr. rarely do we agree with it. Certainly, there have been latterly Temple to the Bench was, that all parties in the Church some good, honest articles in the Record on the Temple should be represented in the Episcopate, therefore the scandal, and its appreciation of Mr. Gladstone is very similar extreme Broad Church party had a perfect right to one vacant to our own. But as surely as we read an article in one mitre ; but on these grounds surely the Catholic party may number of our Puritan contemporary with which we are dis- claim the same. It is larger and more influential than the posed to agree, so certain we are to find in the next, some bigoted extreme Broad section, and quite as important and numerous and uncharitable remarks, which cause us to regret our former as the semi-Broad and High section, which the Premier approval. One day we may rejoice at an orthodox outspoken delights to honour. If a thoroughly Catholic Bishop would leader on the present Bishop of Exeter and his milk and water have too greatly shocked the Protestant prejudices of the more theology ; in the next we are filled with loathing and disgust at noisy portion of the community, surely Mr. Gladstone might some wicked and unchristian critique like that which recently have given us a Catholic Dean. What appreciation has he yet appeared on Mr. Liddon’s admirable memoir of the late Bishop shown of the loving spirit and deep erudition of Dr. Pusey, of Salisbury. The good rule, “ De mortuis nil,” &c., is always and of the constant political support which he has always disregarded by the Record. There is nothing it loves so dearly given him ? Why is not such a man as Mr. Carter, of Clewer, as speaking hard, uncharitable things about the dead. It promoted, not to speak of countless other hardworking could not write the other day on Bishop Temple without Incumbents and learned scholars of the Catholic school? dragging poor Bishop Phillpotts out of his grave, to give him While Bishoprics and Deaneries have been given away to the benefit of some ill-natured remarks.
comparatively unknown Clergymen, the magnificent talents of The Record has been wailing long and loudly of late con- Mr. Liddon have been passed by unappreciated. Now at last cerning Mr. Gladstone's ecclesiastical appointments. The they are tardily and inadequately recognised by a Canonry so-called Evangelical party has been utterly ignored by that instead of the Deanery he so well deserved. evil statesman. The profound learning of a Ryle, the erudi- No excuse can possibly be made for the Premier in thus tion of a Garbett, the parochial zeal of a Daniel Wilson, the ignoring the Catholic party—the fact only plainly shows the courtly grace and eloquence of a Miller, the good taste and tendency of his mind. He has long since turned his back honesty of an Ormiston, the Christian charity of a Hoare, upon the friends of his youth. With Radical views in have been completely disregarded by Mr. Gladstone, in politics he has adopted, as a natural consequence, Latitudinarian favour of such unknown and ultra-Church (the word is opinions in religion. With such a Parliamentary majority at of the Records own coining) theologians as Drs. Temple, Fraser, his back he might in spite of Court influence have promoted Mackarness and Moberly. Poor Dr. Miller, whose electioneer- Dr. Pusey and others, had he had the will to do so. ing zeal in favour of the Premier, is a long time meeting with The appointments of the Conservative ministry conits well-merited reward, who is mentioned for every vacant trast, on the whole, favourably with those of Mr. Gladstone ; Deanery and Bishopric, and who frequently has to write to con- but it would be folly not to acknowledge that here too we tradict his appointment in the public journals—much deserves have several great mistakes to deplore, of which we have to be pitied. Indeed the Record has just cause for complaint, recently experienced the only too bitter fruits. ` Had Lord and we would far rather see one of its partisans elevated to Derby not yielded to Puritan importunities in promoting Mr. the Bench than men of Rationalistic opinions like Dr. Temple. Boyd to Exeter, but appointed some sterling Churchman like However bigoted and persecuting the former may be, at all events Archdeacon Denison in his room, how different the conduct they believe in the fundamental doctrines of the Christian of the Dean and Chapter in the Temple affair would have faith. Still the Record must not forget that during the undoubtedly been ? Had Mr. Disraeli not made the greatest Palmerston regime its party got all the good things—Bishop- fault in his political career, by elevating Dr. Tait to the rics, Canonries, Deaneries, fat Livings, all fell in rapid suc- Primacy, but placed there a thoroughly Orthodox Prelate cession into the hands of Low Churchmen, so that the Record, like Dr. Ellicot or Dr. Claughton, Dr. Temple probably in a rapture of gratitude, praised and fawned upon this most would never have been consecrated Bishop of the See of frivolous and irreligious of Premiers during his life, and Exeter. This deplorable appointment has always been exalted him into a saint after his death. To the Record, Lord attributed to Court influence which Mr. Disraeli, being in a Palmerston was as infallible as Mr. Gladstone is to the Daily Parliamentary minority, could not withstand. If such were Telegraph and the Guardian. We are just now inclined to the case, resignation, at all events, was open to him, and sympathise with our Puritan contemporary, because our own that resignation would have come but a few weeks earlier case is very much the same; for with the exception of Salisbury than it actnally did. Supposing Mr. Disraeli had resigned (and Dr. Moberly's silence on the Temple question was not what respect would he have gained from the whole Church. satisfactory by any means) not one vacant mitre has Mr. Even his bitterest opponents, even the Church Times, the Gladstone given to the High Church party. Every one of his Guardian, and Mr. Malcolm MacColl would have been obliged Bishops have been more or less Broad Church - from the open to esteem him. We know of Churchmen, who had been Rationalism of Dr. Temple to the Radical High Churchism of Conservatives all their lives, who were foolish enough to
change their politics when these appointments were made, changes which are desirable in the highest degree, as they and turn Radicals. We wonder whether Dr. Temple's appoint- are also really Scriptural, Catholic and devotional. They ment made them revert to their original opinion. For our- are in thorough accordance with the principles of the selves, we uphold measures not men. The best of statesmen Reformation, for they come from the Prayer Book of the may err, but principles can never change, and we pity those Reformation. Lord Shaftesbury himself can hardly object to whose polities are of so frail and feeble a nature that they what recalls that prince of blessed memory, Edward VI. We can be swayed hither and thither by the mistakes of a fallible are not advocating change on the principle of change. But Premier, or by some ecclesiastical appointment which does the Upper House of Convocation has started the principle ; and not entirely meet with their approbation.
we demand that the changes which are being made shall not be solely of an Erastian or a Socinian complexion. Scepticism
may be in fashion in high places, but it cannot carry everyTHE REVISION OF THE PRAYER BOOK.
thing its own way in the Church of England. When we
do begin alterations in the Prayer Book, let those alterations It must be evident to the most Ecclesiastically Conservative be for the most part recurrences to the first Prayer Book of minds that the action of the Bishops of the Upper House of the Reformation, and let Churchmen insist that they be so. the Convocation of Canterbury, in appointing Committees for This is what we advocate. the revision of the Lectionary and the revision of the autho- It is possible that the Lower House of Convocation may rised translation of the Bible, is inaugurating a new era. We be more Conservative than the Upper, and may refuse to alter have had as yet no opportunity of obtaining an insight into the Prayer Book as it exists, and as the Clergy have accepted the temper and feeling of the Lower House of Convocation it, in any degree or way. Still there is a mode by which even on the matter ; but there is an impression abroad that even in those prejudices, which we highly respect, may be met. The the Lower House, conservative as it is of Anglican Ecclesias- additional or improved offices may be appended to the tical traditions, a new spirit and tone is prevailing, very existing book for alternative use. It might not be desirable different from what has hitherto been the predominant cha- to force the execution of the inspired command of St. James racteristic of the Jerusalem Chamber. If this be the case upon a Lutheranised or Erastian Priest ; but the office for the it is no doubt a phenomenon that cannot be disregarded, or at Anointing the Sick might be appended to the Prayer Book least that ought not to be disregarded. It ought to be turned as an alternative to the existing Caroline office. In the same to account. It is absurd to suppose that, if the Prayer Book way the office for Holy Communion, with its vestment rubrics is to be altered at all, it is to be altered at the discretion of a which are already law, might be appended to the few amiable or non-amiable laymen such as Lord Harrowby or existing Prayer Book to be used at the discretion of the Lord Portman—a Royal Commission is only a concession to officiator. Celebration after either form might be equally constitutional formalism. What do such men know about the lawful, as no doubt it would be equally valid. No compulsion composition of a Lectionary? It is still more absurd to sup- would thus exist for the Puritan, while a' mighty gain would pose that, if the Athanasian symbol is to be eliminated from have accrued to the Catholic. In the same appendix would our devotions, it is to be done at the will of Dean Stanley or come the revised Lectionary of the Royal Commission to be Lord Ebury. Yet we hear that the Bishops have referred it used alternatively on the same principles
, and Harvest Thanksto the Royal Commission. Surely the Church at large must giving Services and Compline Services would be relegated to have a voice in these matters of faith and of doctrine; and the same realm of voluntary and alternative use. How vastly surely the Church at large, if it expresses a voice, will demand this would increase the devotional treasury of our Church other changes, and in another direction, than the omission of must be obvious to the most superficial judgment; and how the Story of Dinah or the semi-Arianizing of the doctrine of the little disputing, or angry altercation, or unprincipled comTrinity. Now, while some changes are being proposed, other promise such an alternative use would give rise to is equally changes should be insisted on. The fact itself invites them. plain. The Bishops have shown us the way. They are ready We Churchmen have long moumed over the Protestant omis- and willing to have changes in the Prayer Book.
It only sion from our Prayer Book of any Service carrying out the remains for us to urge upon them to carry out their own prinScriptural injunction to anoint the sick with oil in the Name ciples of action in the method most likely to be successful, of the Lord. It has been a grievous and unaccountable and for them to do so. Thus the Anglican Church would omission on the part of a Church which boasted itself to be regain the use of a Communion Office worthy of her, and the founded on Scripture. Now is the time to restore that letter of Holy Scripture in regard to the Sacramental Rite omission, to place again the lost Pleiad among the ordered by St. James would be obeyed. The time has come. mysteries of grace. Here is the opportunity, which has the occasion has offered itself. Let Churchmen heartily, not occurred before and may not occur again, to require unitedly, and at once seize it before it be past. that the Visitation Office be restored to its old form in the First Prayer Book of Edward VI. The tables of the Upper and Lower Houses of Convocation ought, in their next Session,
Reviews of Books. to be covered with petitions to this effect. Then let us look at our present Confirmation Office. How meagre and unsacra- THE RITUAL OF THE ALTAR, containing the Office of Holy mental it is, though it is no doubt practically valid. This
Communion, with Rubrical Directions, Private Prayers, and ought also to be conformed to that of the First Prayer Book of Ritual Music, according to the Use of the Church of Edward VI. And now we approach another point and that England, &c. Edited by the Rev. Orby Shipley, M.A. is our present Communion Office. Let any unprejudiced (London : Longmans, 1870.) Liturgiologist compare it with that sublime Catholic and truly The title of this book is misleading, and a misnomer. It is devotional office which the First Prayer Book of Edward VI. not what it professes to be. Its compiler is a bold man, gave to the Church, and the present office sinks into insignifi- having put on its title page according to the use of the cance beside it, as the Liturgy of a true Catholic and Apostolic Church of England," when three-fourths of it, by a scissors Church. This is truly worth an effort, to restore so great a and paste process, has been taken from the Roman Catholic treasure to the ordinary worship and public devotions of " Missal of the Laity." This being so, there is an unreality English Churchmen. While so much is being changed, that about the whole composition which is at once depressing and change is one that must be acknowledged to be worth making, unfortunate. It consists of a discursive Preface of about forty and to be for the better. These restorations, then, are pages, in which, as we shall point out afterwards, there are queer principles and strange suggestions. Then follows an the remarks of his Preface are deeply tainted with a false English version of the Viri Venerabiles. For ourselves we theory of Ecclesiastical politics. To neither the book, thereprefer the Latin original. The book itself contains 254 pages. fore, nor the defence for it, can we give our approval, agreeing The Ordinary of the Mass, and the Canon, with slices of our as we do with one of the Roman Catholic reviews of it-that Church-of-England Communion Service inserted at different those who adopt such an outrageous line within the borders parts, stand first. Then follow Collects, Epistles and Gospels of the Church of England would be more consistent if they other than those in the Prayer Book, and which comprise the were outside rather than inside her pale when doing so. Proper of the Season, the Proper of Saints, the Common of Saints, the Common of Virgins, various Collects, Epistles and Gospels--e.g., Mass of the Holy Ghost, Mass of
Literary Notices. the Dead. and Memorials of the Departed. Then follows an eclectic selection in English of the general Rubrics of the
Many will be very grateful to Mr. Orby Shipley for a new Roman Missal, and so the book ends.
edition of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola. We gather from the first page of Mr. Shipley's Preface (London: Longmans.), A treatise such as this, known and that this volume is to " be used by the Priest at the time of highly reputed throughout the whole Latin Rite, needs no Divine Service.” If so our Clergy would use an ill-con- commendation at our hands. Within a century of the first structed jumble of both the Roman and Anglican Services. appearance of the Exercises they had been translated into Such an incongruous composition would occupy about an every European language. In its present form it will be hour and a quarter at Low Celebration, and about two hours very acceptable to others than the women of the Church of and a half at High. For ourselves, as Laymen, nothing is England; for the Christian religion is not yet extinct here. more irritating or dispiriting than to see a Priest fumbling Mr. Ashley’s introductory essay, concise, clearly expressed and and mumbling over a book of private devotion when he suggestive, is very ably written. The book itself as regards should be exclusively engaged in reverently but promptly cele- its typography equals any production of the Plantain Press. brating Divine Service according to the rites of the Church in which he ministers. A Priest should say his preparatory
ST. LAWRENCE, JEWRY. private devotions and thanksgivings at home, and not inconvenience the Christian public by unauthorised interpolations We are enabled to lay before our readers a short account of at the altar. If the Clergy were to follow Mr. Shipley, inde- the result of the late meetings of the restry of this parish, propendent of using the whole English Communion Service, testing against the increase of the number of the Services in the they must first recite twelve closely-printed pages of prayers Church, and the Ritual observances of those officiating and joining (pp. 1–12). There are twenty-four more pages to be added in such Services.” It is altogether most satisfactory. True, the Bishop as opportunity offers.
At the altar twelve more pages are to has asked the Vicar of St. Lawrence to give up the use of the Invocation be recited, and then we arrive at the first “Our Father” of of the Blessed Trinity before the Sermons—and he stated in a recent the Anglican Service. At pages 18 and 19 of the Ordinary Sermon that he should discontinue its use in deference to such expressed of the Mass we get additional and contradictory directions wish. Saving this, his Lordship has distinctly approved of the use with regard to the Epistle and Gospel. At the Offertory are of this Church, and we trust that the many Church-folk who take so six more pages of interpolated matter, and then follows the lively an interest in the great work of St. Lawrence
, will see how much “Prayer for the Church Militant.” After this there are
has been gained to the Church by those who strove to injure her, and interpolations and insertions of all kinds and characters from that the worthy Vicar and his choir will never lack true and earnest the Roman Missal—including all its distinctive peculiarities support in their work. A meeting of the vestry was recently held to so that the hodge-podge (for this it really is, to write plainly) their late correspondence with the Bishop of London and the Vicar of
receive and consider a report of the Church wardens on the subject of is quite complete. Our readers will thus be able to imagine the parish upon the increase of the number of Services now held in the the style and character of the book before us. It will be Parish Church, and of the Ritual observed at such Services. In their welcome only to the narrowest section of Radical Romanizers, report the Churchwardens state that if the Vicar would meet the wishes who are doing their best to bring the Catholic Revival into of the vestry, and remove the cross from the altar, and omit and forbid contempt.
the posturings and ceremonies recently introduced into the Service, the Of course Mr. Shipley has made a defence for the strange objections against a Choral Service might be withdrawn ; further, they and unprecedented principle adopted ; but we can scarcely consider the question in difference " is not whether there reasonably appreciate its character or understand the relevancy of its ought or ought not to be an attractive or a musical Service, but rather suggestions. Neither his own arguments nor those of “a whether such a Service is not quite compatible with the absence of friend whose learning and judgment in liturgical matters are those matters, manners, and forms which have been objected to as having second to those of no living scholar" convince us that this is disturbed the minds of some of the parishioners, and as being in their other than a mischievous publication, ca culated to make the opinion assimilated to those used by the body of believers in Our Lord superficial restless and dissatisfied, and the Clerical acrobats more from whom this nation dissented some centuries ago.” clerically acrobatic. At p. xlvii. of the Preface we are favoured
The Vicar wrote a long letter to the Churchwardens, treating of each with a repetition of the High Church-Radical theories regard- subject in detail
. With regard to the postures objected to of the Clergy
and choir, they could not be of importance to persons who never ing the union of Church and State ; and the Clergy seem to attended the Church. Generally speaking the officiating Priest would be indirectly urged to break the existing law. All this, of kneel to pray, stand to address the congregation or to read, and when course, tends to complicate our present difficulties. A mere praying as the representative of the congregation, he would kneel, servile imitation of Rome, or an apeing of Ultramontane pecu- facing the East, as they did. It had been said that the out
members of the congregation were liarities is out of place in an Anglo-Catholic Revival. Sub- such as
distraction and to disturb others; he conmission to Rome, and Re-union with Rome are two totally sidered the reverential acts of the people matter for rejoicing. He opposite ideas. The Church of England occupies a very dig- could more easily tolerate an excess of affectionate reverence, than the nified and important position. It has its defects, which are
grossness of conduct which he had sometimes seen and heard of in that
Church. The cross he could on no account consent to remove from its many and various but; with these sterling advantages, second place over the altar; it must be retained as a protest against the infidelity to those of no Church in Christendom. The High-Church of the day, and to remind the congregation of the great doctrine of the Radical, talkative and superficial, is ever harping on a rupture Atonement. Happy would it be if those who now complain would attend with the State as the sole means of removing anomalies. We the instruction given in the Church ; they would see
, as others lave seen, bave no intention of classing Mr. Shipley with the fussy enthu- brought to mind by surrounding objects. In conclusion, the Vicar
bow reasonable and profitable it is to have all the doctrines of the faith siasts who crow or cackle on this one subject. But some of reminds them of a few matters which, as Church wardens, they should
seriously consider–viz., providing a more worthy altar, increased lighting enlist the religious Dissenters on our side against secular education, of the chancel, and erection of choir stalls, those at present used being pointed out the absolute falsity of the prevalent notion as to Dissenters only temporary seats. These he points to as works worthy of their con- being at the present time excluded from the privileges of the Universisideration. The Bishop of London had replied to the Churchwardens on ties. The policy of Churchmen was to postpone legislation till the the 15th January. His Lordship states that he had received a memorial public mind was better informed. signed by 185 actual residents in the parish, all of whom attend the The Right Hon. J. R. MOWBRAY, M.P., moved a vote of thanks to the Parish Church. These memorialists state that they are not distressed lecturer, and made some observations in condemnation of the present with the mode of conducting the Service in the Church, but that they movement for abolishing University Tests. They had already learnt that value highly the privileges they there enjoy, and earnestly pray that they the new measure was not to be a permissive Bill, but a compulsory one. may not be deprived of them. His Lordship also refers to testimony, although they were, as yet, in ignorance as to what would be its received by him from various individuals as to the beneficial results of details. No one would be more ready than he was for a compromise the Services at St. Lawrence, Jewry. He then observes—" It does not by which the really religious Dissenter should be welcomed within seem reasonable, therefore, that the mode of conducting Divine Service the walls of the Universities; but was that possible ? Dr. Pusey in the Parish Church—assuming, of course, that it neither entails had appealed to the Wesleyans, who were nearest of all Noncon. expenses on the ratepayers, nor is in itself illegal-should be controlled formists to the Church, to join with Churchmen on the basis of by the non-resident ratepayers, who do not use the Church, in opposition the Nicene Creed, but that appeal was rejected. Sir Roundell Paliner to the wishes of the resident parishioners, although not ratepayers, who had proposed a test founded on a belief in the Holy Scriptures, do use it." With regard to the Altar Cross, the new hangings of the like the test in the Scotch Universities; but the Ministerial side of the altar, and the Litany prayer-desk, the Bishop says they are not in them- | House of Commons would not listen to it--they declared that it was selves illegal, and that as the Archdeacon has visited the Church twice, worse than the existing test. Many of the Dissenters objected to the and did not think it necessary to interfere, he is not disposed to take any existing state of things not merely because they were shut out from steps with regard to them; but, should the Churchwardens think fit, the emoluments, but because they felt they were prevented from giving they can apply to the Court for directions. Of the “Processional Hymn,” their sons that social status which accrued from an education at the his Lordship says-" I suppose it is as deștitute of rubrical authority as University. On all University questions extreme ignorance prevailed the introduction of hymns in any of the pauses of the Service, excepting among the constituencies, and it is far from generally known that there after the Third Collect. Whether it tends to edification or not, the con- was no test at all at Oxford until the B.A. degree was reached, and none gregation, with their Clergy, are the best judges.”
at Cambridge until the student took his M.A. degree, The religious With respect to the distribution of the Offertories, he says, considering question was put forward to a great extent as a pretext for an attempt the objects to which the alms collected at the Services at St. Lawrence, to obtain admission to the Universities on other grounds. Those who sent Jewry, have hitherto been so usefully appropriated, he does not fear any their sons to the Universities did not acquiesce in the prospective change, disagreement which need call for his interference.
and unfortunately the matter had to be decided by those whose sons were not sent to the Universities. It was most unadvisable, however, that
they should discuss compromises here, for there was nothing so unfortuUNIVERSITY TESTS.
nate as to get a possible compromise discounted beforehand. They
ought to see the Bill of the Government before they showed their There was a discussion at the Council of the Church Institution on
hands. Wednesday on the subject of University Tests. Sir John HAY, M.P., Mr. Cave pointed out that the University controversy involved quespresided, and expressed his satisfaction as a naval man who had not had tions of property, which was a most important matter in these days of the advantage of an University education, at being privileged to take robbery and spoliation. part in a movement for the defence of our national Universities.
On the motion of Mr. J. G. TALBOT, seconded by Mr. Salt, & cordial The Rev. ARTHUR HOLMES read an able paper on the subject, in which vote of thanks to the chairman was carried. he pointed out that the effect of legislation in the direction prayed for by the recent memorials from (Liberal) members of the Universities to the Prime Minister, would be to transfer the teaching and government A HIGH CHURCH RADICAL ON THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND both of the Church and Colleges to the hands of persons not bona fide members of the Church of England, in fact to persons of any religion or of none. Granting that the majority of the governing body would
The Inquirer (Unitarian organ) publishes an outline of the recent remain members of the Church, he pointed out that much confusion paper, “On the Limits of Free Inquiry,” read by the Solicitor-General
at Sion College. would arise (1) as to teaching (2), as to government. Not only all direct religious teaching would have to be abandoned, but the indirect teaching repeatedly insisted that the Established Church was a political institution;
He fearlessly confessed that he knew nothing of theology, but he of the Universities would be tampered with ; while new schools of specu- established, created, and protected by law. A very wide latitude of lative enquiry would doubtless be formed in the Universities. As regards opinion should be allowed in it. The Articles were Articles of peace, the second point, he observed :“The repeal of the tests would probably lead to incessant advocacy of various opinions. The presence of the two great schools of thought in
and the Formularies were purposely framed so as to include men of similar reformis; proposals to secure yet more unrestricted freedom of the Church was essential to its historic character. After expressing his thought and expression ; constant efforts to displace Christianity and to opinion that the theory of the Church being established to teach displace the Church of Englande.9., doing away with the Chapel religious truth (which involved persecution) was exploded, Sir John Services and the Services of the University Church, commuting Benefices Coleridge proceeded to combat the High Church claim to authority for money, removing all restrictions from Clerical Fellowships, and the grounded upon the appeal to the Primitive Church, and maintained like. This, after a period of conflict, would probably lead at last that it was not easy to find any claim in history for this assumption. to a general agreement by all the members of the governing body, that there shall be no question of religion in the University, and claims on the part of the Church of England. It was founded upon
The course of events in this country pretty well disposed of any such that the education should be purely secular. Peace, in fact, at any law, and as a temporal institution was absolutely dependent upon Parprice. It would doubtless take a period of many years before this climax liament. The Church Establishment was a provision made by Parlia: is reached ; but the present is the first step beyond a very definite line ment for carrying throughout the country religious teaching, but what and will probably not be the last.” He then made a brief summary of the reasons alleged for the change, opinion may be allowed free scope, were controlled and settled for us by
kind of religious teaching, what doctrines, what forms, what individual the cogency of which he did not think counterbalanced the evils.
Parliament. The institution is essentially created by Act of Parliament Mr. PRIDEAUX opened the discussion by protesting against the feeling alone. The Judicial Committee of Privy Council, the ultimate court of entertained apparently by the lecturer that the Church of England was only appeal in ecclesiastical matters, was the natural result of this Parlia300 years old, and that there was anything in the argument that the mentary control, and the accidental presence of the Bishops a misfortune, mass of the endowments were given in pre-Reformation times (loud for they added no element of weight or authority. This remark was cheers), a point likewise enlarged on by Mr. Raikes and Mr. G. B. received with laughter and applause. The Court consists of judges ad HUGHES, the former of whom said that as no compromise would satisfy hoc appointed by the Lord Chancellor, and its ability to be unfairly contheir opponents, it was folly for Churchmen to attempt to buy off stituted was one of the evils which was a fair ground of complaint. All opposition by sacrifices which, though apparently small, really gave up this, however, shows that the Church in the character of an Establishall principle.
ment is a natural institution, like the Houses of Parliament, the Army Mr. COLLINS offered some observations to the effect that it might be and Navy, Municipal Corporations; and that Parliament has the same advisable to institute open University fellowships in the nature of prizes, right to deal with it as it has to deal with the other institutions just leaving the governing bodies in close alliance with the Church as at named. It follows from this, that those who dissent from its Formularies present. The Earl of HARROWBY agreed with much that had been said have, as Englishmen, an interest in it and a right to interfere with its by the previous speaker; and said that while all philosophers and men constitution. If, for instance, Romanising practices become common of science had a fling at religion, and the secular party was a very noisy among the Clergy, and were calculated to become mischievous, those one, he believed the real feeling of the country was in favour of outside the Church had as plain a right as those inside to correct the evils religious education.
of a great institution maintained by Parliament and subject to its Mr. W. EGERTON, while quite agreeing that it was wise to try and I authority. What was done at the Reformation must, if necessary, be
repeated, and not less so because the Church was governed by an of the Grand-Duke Leopold, hallowed by the presence of the Holy assembly partly composed of Nonconformists.
Father, were being solemnised in the Church of SS. Apostoli, a celebraThese principles lead to the following conclusions :
tion of peculiar interest had gathered a considerable crowd in the Chiesa 1. The Establishment is for the promotion of religious teaching Nuova. " It was an anniversary Mass in memory of Palestrina the great throughout the country.
reformer, or rather restorer, of Church music, who died Feb. 2, 1592. A 2. When people belong to the Church only by a bare majority, when handsome catafalque had been erected under that dome which the joyous its Formularies have become antiquated as maintaining opinions in one
St. Philip has taught to re-echo to strains of sacred harmony, and open age which cease to be the opinions of another, when & whole class of folios of the great composer's works were ranged round the bier, a more questions has arisen on which the Formularies are silent or really adverse fitting ornament than the proudest escutcheon. The Mass was sung by a and opposed to religious feeling and intelligence of the country, the Bishop, and a very numerous choir did justice to one of the great Maestro's Church as an Establishment is in an entirely falsa and untenable position. finest Masses
. The “ Dies Iræ” selected was that of Pittoni, a follower In conclusion, Sir John Coleridge said that, without entering into any of Palestrina, and was a composition of touching beauty, opening with rhetorical and possible false distinction between theology and religion, a noble burst of harmony, and then subsiding into a varied strain of it cannot be denied that Christianity rests upon a few essential truths, pathetic simplicity and tenderness. Anyone who was so fortunate as to which are the foundation of a man's belief, the very lifeblood of bis hear such music would be ready to endorse the wish expressed in the religion. They must be taught by every religious communion aspiring
to eloquent panegyric that followed the Mass, that a return of Church be a Church. These essential truths our Lord came into the world and sent music to that gravity and solemnity of character which should separate His Disciples to teach to all nations. They who teach other matters as it from the frivolities of the concert-room might be one of the wholesome essential, and who multiply artificial bonds and tests, they it is who pro- reforms for which we should be indebted to this Council, just as that of dace disunion, and not they who leave the Church for conscience sake. Trent inspired the genius of Palestrina to create a style which, however The enforcing of theological opinion as saving truth is a phase of Sacer- much now neglected, remains unrivalled for fitness and grandeur.” dotalism. "Priests enforce what Priests decree.” The more we reflect, the more we shall feel inclined to go back to the short, simple, and The following notes are from the Roman correspondent of the Westprimitive Creed of the Apostles. It may seem that Christian faith has minster Gazette :fallen on evil days, and that Christianity may be proved to be a delusion; yet there is enough in the past history of our faith to show its upcons seemed to be attended by all the principal English Catholics in Rome,
Mgr. Capel's Sermon on Wednesday, at St. Andrea delle Fratte querable strength and permanent vitality. It is for us to disencamber it and by a great number of Protestants, as usual. The subject being the from forms which have snapped its power, to be “fellow-workers with union of Christendom, as mentioned before, and the text from St. John God” in the Spirit for the Church of Christ, remembering how holy xvii. 20, 21, it was listened to with earnest attention for above an hour, men of all Creeds and Churches have agreed in the central truths which and ended with an appeal on behalf of a Hospital for Sick Children, are at the foundation of Christianity.
projected by the Duchess de Salviali as long ago as February last.
From authentic information I have received, it is not likely there will REPORTS AND ANECDOTES OF THE ROMAN COUNCIL. be any public Session of the Council before Easter. In connection with (From the Vatican.)
the rumours I reported lately concerning the probable duration of the
Council, I may mention that it is said that the Holy Fatner so much A French correspondent of the Revue du Monde Catholique of the expects that its labours will not be concluded by the beginning of the 10th instant relates the following anecdote. Standing amid the crowd hot weather that orders have been already given for preparing the Ponin St. Peter's who were watching the Bishops as they quitted the tifical Villas at Albano, Castel Gondolfo, &c., for the reception of such Basilica, his attention was drawn to a poor man saying his Rosary in a
of the Bishops as would not be able to return home in case of a corner of the Church, but whom no one else appeared to observe. “He reminded me of our Blessed Benedict Labre. Generally I had seen
prorogation, him close to the statue of St. Peter, but on that day the crowd had of signatures to the various petitions in favour of the detinition of In
I have every reason to think that I overstated the aggregate number ejected him from his accustomed place. This man is known here as fallibility. I believe that four hundred and thirty is the outside estimate. the Pope's poor man.' He passes the night in a hovel near the Porta The French Episcopate I understand to be divided about equally, for and Cevalleggieri, and takes care of a little Chapel there, in which he has Masses said for the Pope. One day I asked him to tell me his history.
against it. His name is Pietro Marcolini. He was born in the neighbourhood of
The prolific pen of the Archbishop of Malines has just produced an Loretto, and followed the calling of a fisherman, like his Patron the answer to Père Gratry's late work. He takes pains to point out several Prince of the Apostles. In this vocation he gained litěle but a chronic inaccuracies of expression into which the latter had fallen, assuring him rheumatism, which almost deprived him of the use of his limbs. Aban- that what he desires to see defined is not the personal and separate doned by his wife, he dragged himself to Rome, where he passes his days infallibility, nor the absolute sovereigoty of the Vicar of Christ, for (as in S. Peter's, on his knees, or leaning upon the edge of a balustrade near
Mgr. d'Orléans has demonstrated) the infallibility of the Head of the the statue of his glorious Patron. He never solicits alms, but receives Church is not, correctly speaking, personal, and cannot be separate; and thankfully what is offered, and seems quite resigned to the will of God. it is absolutely incredible that anyone should speak of “absolute soveWhen the Pope goes to kiss the foot of St. Peter, he always gives some- reignty,' when the object of a supreme rule of faith is only to preserve thing to Pietro. One day he asked him what he wanted most. the deposit of revelation, and to affirm (constater) as occasion arises what • Santita,' replied Pietro, am cold; look at my clothes, they are
has been the tradition of all times and of all Churches.” It is printed in tatters.' Ebbene, figlio mio,' said Pius IX., I will give you some
in Paris. thing to wear. On returning to the Vatican, the Pope wished to send In the first place, it is an error to ascribe chiefly to Austrian Prelates him one of his own robes, but his valet-de-chambre observed that a the maintenance of the opinion held, in common, by a large number of beggar could hardly wear the cassock of His Holiness. Well then, the Fathers of the Council as to the inopportuneness of the definition of said the Holy Father. “let them take him my dressing-gown. The Papal Infallibility. This opinion is maintained by more than a third of order was executed, and Pietro received with respect the Pontifical the Bishops of France, and by many Prelates in Germany, and in other garment. He keeps it as a relic, and has refused every offer made to countries to which the lax morality and unsoundness in faith, induced by him to sell it; but as it is rather large for him, he has procured a girdle the wretched system of Josephism in Austria, did not extend. Secondly, to fasten it round him. He only wears it, however, on great festivals, it seems to us a rash and dangerous assumption, and one but too liable including that of St. John, who is the Pope's Patron.”
to be perverted into an unfair insinuation, to impute the opinion advanced "I had lately a private audience,” reports a French writer, “ of the by Austrian Prelates against the proposed d finition to the evil effects of Holy Father, and was able once more to admire the admirable simplicity
a system which no one had a greater hand in suppressing than Cardinal of the Vatican. The Pope has not even a dining-room. He dines in his Rauscher, the Archbishop of Vienna. library, and it was there that he offered a collation to the Empress of Notwithstanding the formal denial given, with all the authority of Austria. His own room has only a single window, and has neither carpet double leads, by the Tablet, to the report of the prorogation of the nor fire-place. When I entered the Pope was at his desk, lighted by a Council, I can assert that it is not only the general opinion in Rome, but single lamp. The Pope and the Church were before me in this little I have it from one whose position here leads me to put the greatest chamber, for, as St. Francis of Sales says: "The Pope and the Church reliance on what he says—that the middle or end of May will see the are one and the same thing.' I fell on my knees, and remained so during proroga. There are those who write of the Council as if it had but one the whole audience. I asked His Holiness if the ceremonies of the day work to accomplish, and that was to define the personal infallibility, had not fatigued him. “A little,' he replied, “I am now only a poor old while yet the Bull of Indication says not one word about it; it finds no man."
place in the Schemata submitted for debate to the General Congregations, In the Congregation of the 14th instant it was announced that the and the petition asking for the Definition even was only drawn up after Archbishops of Malines, Antivari, and Salerno had been created Pri- the Fathers were in Rome. Then, again, it is strange that writers who mates. The death of the Bishop of Huesca was also communicated to profess to have authentic information, can go on writing of its supporters the Fathers.
as the large majority, and repeating that the signitaries are 500 in number and more, when it is well known here that they only amounted
to 430; that the number of those who have signed a counter The Roman correspondent of the Tablet writes :—“While the obsequies petition or who have refused to declare themselves at all is con