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and others have to suffer in the process. To separate the Kingship, from the Priesthood in our Lord's Person cannot

CONVOCATION. be permissible. He did not say “All the power is given to Me in the Church," " but all power in heaven and in earth.” CONVOCATION has, we may almost say, for the first time since There are therefore three positions between which men must its revival, already accomplished a considerable amount of choose (1) Ultramontanism, which affirms that Our Lord substantial business in this its short preliminary Session. We governs the State through the Church, (2) Erastianism which are not insensible to the advantages which may ensue from says He governs the Church through the State, (3) Toryism discussions on the amendment of the Burial Service, on the which recognizes this rule through both as co-ordinate propriety of compiling a form of Harvest Thanksgiving, and authorities. For the position of the High Church Radicals even on the terms of the Subscription by the Clergy to the there is absolutely no room at all, and we may therefore Articles of Religion, and the Formularies of the Prayer Book ; confidently look to see them gradually and successively but it cannot be denied that a very large proportion of the sliding into that one of these three directions which their proceedings of this Assembly have hitherto consisted in mere several proclivities may determine.

talk, and in debates on abstract propositions, which led to little The sum, then, of the whole matter is this. There are or no result.

Even in the famous general censure which was but two consistent principles in politics, Toryism and Demo- passed on Essays and Reviews there was an omission to parcracy. (Conservatism and Whiggism are cross-breeds, and like ticularise any passages from that of Dr. Temple, and that of all cross-breeds are barren). The difference between them Mr. Pattison, which might justify the censure—an omission is that while Democrats consider human government to be an

which gave occasion to the enemy to blaspheme, and greatly invention of man for his own purposes and interests, Tories impaired the effect of the sentence. believe it to have been sent from heaven for the purpose of Now, however, things have taken a different and more bringing man in all his different relationships under subjec- practical turn. The proposed Revision of the Lectionary, of tion to the government of God. There can be no question course occupied a considerable amount of attention. It is to but that upon these principles of Toryism the English be taken into consideration as soon as the third report of the Constitution was founded, and that to them we owe the real Ritual Commissioners shall have been officially communicated; greatness to which our country has attained, and the true and there is reason to hope that when the new order of Lessons liberty (as distinguished from licence) enjoyed by her people. shall have gone through the ordeal of a thorough examinaOur opponents will hardly assert that the greatness of tion by Committees of both Houses, it will be so improved, England was built upon their principles. They do not purged, and supplemented as to be freed from those defects, profess to walk in the old paths. They are men of progress, both of omission and addition, which still encumber it, and and are putting away such childish notions as Divine Govern- to which we invited the notice of our readers a week or two ment. But the old ways have never been shown not to be since. We may here add that we have good authority for God's ways; the old principles have never been shown to be stating that the subject which is now before the Commiserroneous, nor has much been done even in the way of sioners is that of the shortening, omitting, re-arranging, and attempting it seriously. Such a dictum as the oft-quoted supplementing the various Divine Offices, or portions of the one of Lord Macaulay (applied against Divine Rule in the same, and that a report on this matter may ere long be State) that the notion of an essentially Christian Constitution expected from them. is as absurd as assentially Christian cookery can hardly be Another most important step, and in the right direction, deemed serious. If it is to be so regarded it is both beyond the too, has been taken by the Upper House in appointing a point, and false in fact. Beyond the point, because the Committee, who, acting in conjunction with a Committee of ordinance of civil rule is older than Christianity, and false in the Upper House of the Province of York, are to take into fact, because a civil organization based upon the rule of consideration the propriety of a revision by competent persons Christ over mankind would be essentially Christian, and not of the authorised version of the Old and New Testaments. only is possible, but has been realized more or less in The Bishop of Oxford, in his address, minimised the evil all Christian lands. To compare such a principle of govern- which all know exists ; but the careful student of the original ment with the theory of cookery is, so far as it is not simply versions is but too often tempted to exclaim quousque tandem," ridiculous, wantonly profane. The Sovereign who claimed to how much longer are we to be forced to propound as the rule by the grace of God, engaged also both virtually and Word of God, translations of Holy Writ which are but too actually to rule for Him, and that was a very intelligible and plainly, false, perverted or imperfect renderings of the a thoroughly religious and Christian principle. gave originals ? How constantly is it the case, that the preacher expression to the Christian duty of recognizing Him in every when about to explain his text, is compelled to begin by member of His Body, and doing every action as unto and for declaring that the words which he has read out from the

It has been superseded in these days not by men's pulpit are not really Scripture but a misinterpretation of it; superior knowledge, but by their ignorance and self-sufficiency, a course absolutely necessary, but yet tending to bring the and by the sordid self-interest of contending parties. integrity of the Bible itself into question among the uninAlready the desire of gain is the great moving power of our structed. We shall be surprised, however, if the proposed national legislation. Our theory of politics could hardly be revision do not encounter a strong opposition from the sectaries more godless if we boldly maintained that there is no God in and the Low Churchmen. If fairly and completely carried the Universe—and need not be in any important respect out, it will deprive them of the greater part of their stock in different from what it is now. In the future there threatens trade. Most of their favourite texts will be totally demoin the place of righteous rule a mortal conflict of opposing lished, or found to support an opposite or different doctrine. interests and passions, which if not arrested, will infallibly The Solifidian, the Calvinist, the Baptist, those who exalt destroy the very fabric of society in this heretofore Christian preaching above worship and sacraments, private judgment land. On an earnest reassertion and effective revival of the above the Church, would make faith mean nothing but a Tory principles of Government depends, therefore, the future sentimental trust in God, as apart from doctrinal belief, well-being of this country.

who make so much of “imputed righteousness," who say

that men are made Christians by being taught, not by being We have had sent us a box of the “Waverley” pens. For rapid, baptised, and who pay a superstitious reverence to the letter of and at the same time, clear writing, they surpass any kind we have

the authorised version without regarding the spirit and the hitherto used.

interpretation which the Church has put upon the original,



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Till all receive more or less their quietus. While we are on pound to the world as a Bishop. The duties of one and the

subject we may say that we cannot participate in other office are to be found fully set forth in the respective

horror which the Bishop of St. David's expressed Forms for the Ordering of Priests and for the Consecration of at the idea of the Dissenters having a different Bible Bishops. Can Dr. Temple point out to us (so far as Christian from ourselves. Doubtless it would be well { if they doctrine is concerned) any real distinction between the comhad the same, but it seems to us that it would be mission entrusted to him in each case? As a Priest he proan unmixed good, should they retain the present version, if mised “always so to minister the doctrine and Sacraments of by the correct translation it were plainly demonstrated that the Discipline of Christ as the Lord hath commanded, and as the errors into which they had fallen were really unscriptural. this Church and Realm hath received the same.” As a Bishop We all know how the Presbyterians in the times of the Greathe engaged to teach and exhort with wholesome doctrine, and Rebellion attempted to tamper with the Sacred Text in order to withstand and convince gainsayers ;” and banish and to forward their own peculiar views; as for instance, in the drive away all erroneous strange doctrine contrary to God's famous passage of the Acts, still to be read in Field's Word.” Wherein lies the difference ? and if there be none, New Testament, where the Apostles are made to say, “Whom we can but pronounce this excuse to be sophistical and disinye may appoint over this business," instead of, “ Whom we genuous in the very highest degree. may appoint," &c. We protest against the ignorance and pre- After all, he continues, my Essay may now be wrong, but I judice of Nonconformists being suffered to intrude into this do not mean to say that the others, may not, alas ! be right; momentous undertaking. They have already, substantially, a for, it seems, the inspiration of Holy Scripture is now in different Bible from that of the Church, from their perverse question, and it is preferable to publish abroad all that can be and crooked construction of many portions of it, and the said against it, and the mode in which this alleged inspiration practical suppression of other portions which tell against may be curtailed and explained, in order the better to defend them; and we desire, for the sake of the coming generation, the substance of Christianity. This is about as reasonable that the difference should be placed in the strongest light. as if the besieged in a fortress were to inform the besiegers of

Another joint Committee both of the Upper and Lower all the weak points in the approaches and outworks, in order House has also been appointed, to examine and report upon to discourage and prevent them from attacking the citadel another and most important subject, The laws of the ancient itself. We should have thought that a dissertation on the Church Universal, and also of the Church of England con- text “ All Scripture is given by inspiration of God," set off cerning the election, confirmation, and consecration of with an explanation of the language of the article, that Bishops.” This movement has of course been occasioned by “ The Church,” the pillar and ground of the Truth, is "the the late unhappy promotion of Dr. Temple, and by a further keeper and witness of Holy Writ,” would have been a less desire, as it would seem, in anticipation of the possible objectionable and wiser way of attaining the same object. approaching disestablishment of the English Church, to secure We have not space to comment on Dr. Temple's confession to the Clergy some kind of freedom of choice in future of that the Essays may bave done much mischief, although they their chief overseers. It is worthy of remark that all allusion have done more good ; a naive way of maintaining that it is to the power of “nomination" by the Crown is omitted, and lawful to do evil that good may come; or on his implied that therefore this Committee is empowered to deal with a admission, that the discoverers of natural science have rendered part only of this momentous question.

portions of the Old and New Testament incredible and Anotħer quite as remarkable, if not so important an event, unworthy of belief. We should have liked Dr. Temple to has characterised the late Session of Convocation, which recalls have stated shortly what these discoveries were, on what to our recollection the days of Hoadley: a Bishop of doubtful evidence they rested, and with what portions of Holy Writ orthodoxy, forced upon a reluctant Diocese by the temporal they were inconsistent ; but from this he cautiously abstained. power, has been literally brought to book and compelled to We might have written much more on this remarkable account for his complicity with the publication of a series of " apology for an apology, excuse for an excuse, as it has been Essays more or less heretical or sceptical

, among which his happily termed; but we must now conclude with expressing production was placed in the van. The article in question is our conviction that as the nomination, election, and consein consequence to be withdrawn, and not in future to vex and cration of Dr. Temple shamed and humiliated the Church of disturb the belief of English Churchmen. So far so good. England, so in this, the last act of his stubborn and perverse It is a clear acknowledgment that the views and statements mind, he has utterly humiliated himself. put forth in that volume, and this Essay in particular, are not such as ought to have proceeded from the pen of, or been sanctioned by, a Chief Pastor of the English Communion.

Reviews of Books. The question must always recur how and why it was that this admission was not made six months earlier, but has with an The BEGGYNHOF ; OR, THE CITY OF THE SINGLE. (London: unexampled amount of doggedness and obstinacy been delayed

Chapman and Hall, 1869.) to this present period ; too late to save the Church from the We remember well on our first journey to the Continent, a shame and disgrace that the election and consecration of the visit to the Béguinage of Ghent. It is a place calculated to present Bishop had brought upon her.

make a deep impression on a young mind. The quaint little Nor has this question been answered by the account which walled-in and moated town, in the very centre of a large Dr. Temple has thought fit to give of his motives—first, he bustling city, to which it forms so striking a contrast when tells us that he would not yield as long as any legal ques-on crossing the draw-bridge we enter its silent streets, with tion was at issue.” This, if it has any sense at all, must their quiet, old-fashioned, red brick houses, so prim and silent, mean that he wished to support the right of the State to the order, neatness, and cleanliness of all that surrounds us, nominate any person, of whatever belief, even a Unitarian or with the green grass-plot in the centre, close to which stands Pagan, to the vacant See, and force him upon the Church ; the large old Church. All this strikes us on entering the an amount of Erastianism unexampled in the present day, Béguinage. But our recollection of an attendance at Vespers and a sentiment wholly at variance with the religious freedom is most vivid. We remember well the weird, black figures which Dr. Temple himself would support. Again he tells us coming in one by one in the dim twilight, and quietly kneeling that a distinguished layman and friend (who ? we should like down, the two Béguines pulling the bell ropes; then, when to know) had suggested to him that what he could publish as the Church was quite full of these black kneeling figures, and a Priest and schoolmaster might not be proper for him to pro- the tolling of the bell had ceased, and the organ began to peal forth its loud strains, how all the kneeling Religious the Order—bind her for a single year, at the close of which suddenly threw back their sombre cowls and spread a large she is at liberty to return to the world and marry if she pleases, white veil over their heads—a strange and startling trans- or to renew them. Irreproachable antecedents and satisfacformation—the brilliantly lighted altar shone forth brightly in tory testimonials of good conduct are indispensable requisites the fading twilight, the Béguines sang in shrill and unpleasing before a candidate can be admitted to the Postulate. She notes, which, however, added to the strangeness of the scene, must also be able to prove that she possesses a clear yearly and the pealing organ had a wondrous and magical effect, income of not less than 250 francs. This, by honest industry, while every now and then some one of them would start up in they may double or even treble by exercising some of the prayer, extend her arms in the form of a cross, still kneeling simple and easy occupations, carried on within this little city. motionless and spectre like. At the close of the Service, all the clothing of a Postulant is an imposing ceremony, much resuming their black veils, one by one silently left the Church. like that of a nun taking the veil.

“ The Béguinage,” says the author of this interesting book, So respected have the Beguines been, that during all the is not a Convent; it only professes to be a Congregation wars, revolutions, and turmoils that have visited the Flemish Seculière,' though under religious rule and guidance. Never- towns, they have never been molested or invaded. They theless, it is a village of free inhabitants, for none are bound have not, however, been without their vicissitudes, and their to remain within the Society, and intercourse with friends and annals record more than one hair-breadth escape ir time of war relatives of either sex is in no way prohibited. It is a town and rebellion. During the Calvinist and iconoclastic rule in within a town ; it stands within its own mural enclosure, and the 16th century, they alone of all religious houses escaped. is shut in at night by its own gates, which stand open all day. Strange to say, they owed their immuuity to the Butchers of Its strikingly neat and dapper little dwellings are surrounded Ghent. In all time of public calamity they have been theguardian each by its own fenced flower garden, and in the midst is angels of the sufferers—no matter to what party they might their bright patch of greensward, planted round with pollard belong. During the wars of the French Empire, the services maples, trimmed box, or espaliered limes. The whole is they rendered were invaluable. The sick and wounded men characterized by the most exquisite neatness and shining clean- became their especial care, and all nationalities were forgotten liness ; the stranger need not be told it is the habitation of in the exercise of their pious functions. In these wellwomen, but it is that of women voluntarily retreating, not from remembered times of grief and trouble the practice of Chriscommunication with the world, but from its noise and turmoil, tian charity, in the widest acceptation of the term, had frivolity and emptiness, that they may pass their time in become the sole occupation of these devoted women. The rational occupation and good-works."

community, too, has always been distinguished by its liberality, There are different opinions as to the founder of the thus in 1819 and 1821, when the Government and City of Béguines and the date of their origin. Some say they were Ghent wished to establish industrial workshops and manufacfounded by Sainte Beghe, Duchess of Brabant in 690, others tories, the Beguines contributed 8,000 francs, as well as a by Lambert de Begue in 1180. At one time there were monthly subsidy of 125 florins, which they continued for 5000 Béguines scattered over Flanders in 75 Beguinages ; in eighteen months. In 1830 and 1831, when thousands of 1856 they had dwindled down to about 1,600. At first the citizens were thrown out of work, the generosity of the Pope disapproved of and even discountenanced them, but Beguines was the admiration of the country. In 1809 and

once under the protection and approval of the Holy See the 1810, when marsh fever and typhus were mercilessly decimaOrder proceeded in unobtrusive tranquillity, living through all ting the regiments quartered on the coasts, the hospitals were political and social changes, and we find it in our own day, literally overflowing, the fever was so deadly that it required if unaltered in all its practices and habits, also surviving in all devotedness and abnegation of a rare order to undertake the its vigour to transmit to us something of the history of our nursing of the sick, for it was encountering almost certain predecessors long passed away. In it we see an arcbæological death. The majority of the military attendants on the sick relic, offering to our contemplation with photographic fidelity deserted their posts with the utniost cowardice, and the the tone of mind, habits of life, domestic usages, language, and unfortunate soldiers were sacrificed without mercy. At even dress of those who preceded us by above a thousand this critical moment the Beguines came forward.

For years in the world's history,—for nothing has changed there! the space of six months nearly 100 of them rendered to

We may not inaptly regard the Béguinage as the Pompeii of the sick the most tender services, and when the epidemic Flanders, only so much the more curious and suggestive in ceased to rage, it was found that one-fourth of their that it is a living, breathing Pompeii, presenting to our view number had sunk under their generous self-devotion. samples of the life of bygone generations ; intelligent beings During the Waterloo campaign the Beguinages entirely alive in a city of the living, not mute and mutilated relics in despoiled themselves to relieve the needs of their suffering a city of the dead. It affords to women of all ranks who fellow-creatures. Money, linen, medicine, bedding, personal are either unwilling or unable to marry, a social status and a service-nothing was withheld from them. In 1832 Ghent defined position, together with protection, occupation, con- was visited by that scourge the cholera, when their traditional genial society, opportunities of usefulness and benevolence, and benevolence was again called forth, and when the disease had when needed, means of existence, combined with an amount of abated, the Government, in recognition of the services of the liberty and independence unknown in any other sequestered Beguines, presented each with a gold medal. Order ; besides which, should the members find they have mis- The stranger is surprised to learn the variety of occupation taken their vocation, they know their vows are terminable at daily carried on within the silent walls of the Beggynhof. the end of a year, and they are under no obligation to do violence all their garments and household linen, their curtains, to their inclinations."

blinds, and bed hangings are of their own make; besides That the Béguinage supplies a want more or less these, articles of the same description are made in large felt in all countries is certain. Among Protestants a quantities for the poor,--vestments, draperies, and altar furniretreat of this description would be invaluable, while to ture, also occupy their time and care. A great deal of pillow Catholics it offers a safe and salutary middle course, and lace, known as Valenciennes, and a great deal of old point” might spare many a hapless female celibate from the desperate are made by the nimble fingers of the Beguines. Another alternative of rushing into the irrevocable extremity of Con- industry practised by them is confectionary, to which they vent life, in cases where she finds it distasteful or impossible add distilling and dispensing medicine, lotions, unguents, &c. to live in the world." A Béguine's vows, which relate only The author gives an interesting and graphic account of his visit to obedience and chastity-for poverty is not an obligation of to the great Beguinage at Ghent and of his interview with the

Grande Dame, a fine old lady of nearly a hundred, whose were at the present time in a state of great perplexity in reference funeral he subsequently attended. She had passed 70 years

to the present mode of action in reference to Episcopal appoint

ments. The Right Reverend Prelate entered at great length into in the Beguinage, and knew little or nothing of what was

details connected with the early history, as given by Ecclesiastical going on in the outer world. The book concludes with an writers, of Election, Confirmation, and Consecration of Bishops in the interesting memoir of Teresa Verhaeghe, a sort of Beguine ancient Church and the Reformation. He said he was very anxious Saint of great reputation in all the Beguinages. We

that his remarks should not apply to the Bishop of Exeter—(who, it may believe this is the only work in the English language on

be remarked, was sitting by his side)—for whom he expressed an anxious

hope that he might well perform his duties in the Diocese over which he Beguinages, it is well written, and most worthy of perusal. had been appointed to preside.

The Bishop of GLOUCESTER and BRISTOL said he had little to add to We have to thank Messrs. Longmans for Thoughts on the the speech which had been delivered by the Bishop of Lincoln; and he Holy Communion, being sis Sermons by the Rev. W. w. in reference to their Right Rev. brother the Bishop of Exeter. He the English, with a catena of Eucharistic authorities from the Bishop of Gloucester) felt sure that in taking the course he did, he had first to the seventeenth century. They are said to be suited no desire to inflict pain upon any one, and he did not wish to impart for Lent, but in reality such short, plain, practical Sermons, anything of a personal character to the present discussion, but with

regard to these very serious words, he thought they ought to be quite giving definite teaching of Christian doctrine in few words, so

clear. In the first place, was the word “protest” the right word to use ? that it may be plainly understood by every one—are most He did not at all understand that his expression of not-consent was a valuable at all seasons, and we cordially commend them to our protest at all. readers.

The Bishop of LONDON (interposing)—I may as well state that you and the Bishop of Lichfield did not use the word “ protest.” The Bishops

of Lincoln and Hereford did use the word. PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY.

The Bishop of GLOUCESTER and BRISTOL, in thanking the President Both Houses assembled for business on Wednesday at Westminster. for the remark, said he did not wish his expression of not-consent to be The Bishop of London was President, and, with the assistance of thirteen put in the form of a protest at all, because he was not quite clear that he other Prelates, opened the proceedings at eleven o'clock in the Jerusalem was in a position to make a protest. What he considered was this, that Chamber, where there was a very large attendance of members of the if a man was in danger of being involved in anything he did not wish Lower House. The Litany having been said, their Lordships retired to to be involved in, he was entitled distinctly to say so, lest silence should the Bounty Office.

be judged to be consent. He thought, therefore, he had a right gravely UPPER HOUSE.- WEDNESDAY,

to demur to the words which had been applied to the document which The Bishop of London presided.

had emanated from himself and the Bishop of Lichfield. Those who On the motion of the Bishop of WINCHESTER, seconded by the Bishop had protested would, no doubt, be able to justify themselves

. All he now of LLANDAFF, an Address to the Queen, praying Her Majesty to direct wished to show was the care and consideration that had throughout been that the Lectionary Report of the Ritual Commission be laid before the evinced by his brother of Lichfield and himself in what was probably to House, was adopted ; a prayer in which the Lower House subsequently both of them the most painful duty of a life. He wished carefully to avoid concurred.

making any comment upon his Right Rev. brother the Bishop of Exeter, THE EASTERN CHURCH AND NONCONFORMITY,

but it must be said plainly that certain words might have been spoken The Bishop of Ely presented a petition from a number of persons by him before his Consecration, which were anxiously waited for, and if pressing earnestly upon Convocation the desirability of providing special those few words had been spoken no expressions of not-consent to the Offices of the Church for Sundays, adapted to the necessities of the Consecration would have been sent in. He was very anxious to clear

himself and those who acted with him from the accusations which had times, and advocating extempore prayer on certain occasions. He was doubtful whether that practice could be extended with safety, and he been made by the Bishop of Ely. should, therefore, hesitate about giving official sanction to it

. The peti- character in connection with this matter should cease. Upon the general

The Bishop of LLANDAFF was of opinion that everything of a personal tioners expressed their opinion that such a course as that they recommended would tend to the reconciliation of Nonconformists to the question of the Committee he thought there could be no objection to an Church, while it would also tend to promote union with the Greek inquiry, and therefore he should vote for the appointment of the Church. Those were subjects of great importance, and it was somewhat

Committee. difficult to decide how to deal with them. They had amongst them at

The Bishop of Ely replied generally to the statements made in oppopresent the Archbishop of Syra, who had been present at two very

sition to his published letter to the Bishop of London. He believed the interesting ceremonies, the Consecration of the Bishops of Oxford and Bishops would always act on their consciences. The changes in our Nottingham, and that gave the subject of union with the Greek Church Cathedrals of late had not been happy ones, yet he believed the Deans and a new character. The question of union with the Greek Church was, would have them, but he believed they acted conscientiously, whether

Canons were men of high tone of character, and who might not act as all however, a very different thing from the reconciliation of Nonconformists. The Eastern Church was the ancient Church of those districts in which they had to elect a Bishop or any one else. The letter referred to had it was planted, and the divisions which had taken place between the not been written with any unkindly intention, but simply to defend the Eastern and Western Churches could

scarcely be said to be the fault of consecrating Bishops, who had been severely attacked, and to show that the Church of England. Both himself and the Bishop of Lincoln had they had acted conscientiously, and at the same time legally. received the Archbishop of Syra in their own houses, and had heard

The Bishop of ROCHESTER, as one who had objected to the Consecrafrom him his opinion that, with the exception of his own, the Church of tion of the Bishop of Exeter, said that at a meeting which was held at England was the soundest Church in Christendom, and the Archbishop Danbury Palace every Bishop was by general consent left free to pursue had added that he would communicate that fact to the Patriarch of Con his own course. On leaving, the Bishop of Ely said it was to be disstantinople. But it appeared that there were difficulties in the way of tinctly understood that any Bishop who did not send in a remonstrance union with the Greek Church which it would take a long time to get

or some expression of feeling would be understood to consent to the conover, especially the difficulty arising out of the Filioque and the question

secration of Dr. Temple. of baptism by immersion. With regard to the reconciliation of Noncon

The Bishop of Ely said he did not remember that circumstance. conformists, he thought it could not be expected that the Church should

The Bishop of ROCHESTER said that, if he recollected rightly, the alter her Services

to meet such a need, as the Nonconformists were the Bishop of Lincoln's protest was originally in the form of a memorial to separatists.

the Archbishop of Canterbury, but as his Grace was ill, the Bishop of The Bishop of GLOUCESTER said this was a very wide field for discus- London strongly advised that it should not be presented. sion, which he thought could not profitably be continued, and he, there

The Bishop of London said that was so. fore, respectfully suggested that it should be deferred.

The Bishop of LICHFIELD entirely approved of the motion, because it The petition was then formally received.

seemed a very strange thing that in England, after so many years, they

were still in an utter state of darkness in reference to Ecclesiastical EPISCOPAL APPOINTMENTS.

discipline. The Bishop of LINCOLN said he wished to move the following resolu- The Bishop of HEREFORD said he was compelled to signify his dissent tion:

from the Consecration, and to record his protest against it, and he “That a joint Committee of both Houses of Convocation be appointed justified the course he had taken. to examine and report upon the laws of the Ancient Church Universal, The Bishop of St. DAVID's could not help feeling some repugnance to and also the laws of the Church of England, concerning the election, the motion, because he could not help having some apprehension as to confirmation, and consecration of Bishops; and that the Committee be the consequences to which it might lead. instructed to offer such remarks and recommendations thereupon, as it The Bishop of LONDON then said he should make no objection to the may deem requisite."

motion, but he doubted whether it would have the result its mover He said he did not profess to disguise from their Lordships that the thought. He had been called Judas, Pontius Pilate, Macbeth, and he present motion had arisen out of recent events which had startled the and the Bishop of St. David's had been likened to Ananias and Sapphira, Church of England, and which had caused much embarrassment. They | but which of them was Ananias and which Sapphira bad not been




specified. He would only say that, if he had refused to consecrate the PROPOSED REVISION OF THE AUTHORIZED VERSION OF THE SCRIPTURES. Bishop of Exeter under the Archbishop of Canterbury's commission he The Bishop of WINCHESTER rose to move a resolution, which was should have committed the Archbishop to an act of disobedience, and eventually amended and passed in the following form :have committed the Church and State to a contest which must have “ That a Committee of both Houses be appointed, with power to confer been fraught with most disastrous results.

with any Committee that may be appointed by a Convocation of the The Bishop of WINCHESTER explained how he felt unable to take part Northern Province, to report upon the desirableness of a revision of the in the ceremony of Consecration.

authorised version of the Old and New Testament, whether by marginal The PRESIDENT put the resolution, which was carried; and after notes or otherwise, in all those passages where plain and clear errors, transacting some routine business, the House adjourned.

whether in the Hebrew or Greek text, originally adopted by the transLOWER HOUSE.- WEDNESDAY

lators, or in the translations made from the same, shall on due investigaThe PROLOCUTOR took the chair.

tion be found to exist."

LOWER HOUSE.-THURSDAY, The Archdeacon of Salop gave notice that he would move at the The House re-assembled at eleven o'clock, the Prolocutor presiding. earliest moment the following resolution :

The Archdeacon of Ely presented a petition pressing earnestly upon “ That this House will thankfully acknowledge the great care shown the consideration of Convocation the importance of speedily providing in the revision of the Lectionary, put forth by the Royal Commissioners, the Church with some additional offices for Sunday, week-day, and occaand, agreeing that some opportunity should be allowed the Minister, sional purposes, which offices were not wholly supplied by the Prayers under sanction of the Bishops, in the selection of Lessons to be occasion already existing in the Book of Common Prayer. ally read in the Service, and wishing in some places that authorised alterations of the English text could be printed in the margin of our Bibles, to be used at the discretion of the reader, shrinks from sweeping members of Her Majesty's Privy Council advised the Crown in the last

Canon Selwyn brought up the following gravamen :---- Whereas some changes in the ancient Lessons endeared by old associations, and con

Session of Parliament to give assent to enactments proposed by themnected for so long a period with the worship and literature of our Church.”

selves to the following effect :- That the Church of Ireland shall cease to

be established by law; That all the property belonging to any office in The PROLOCUTOR said the House would be pleased to learn that there

the said Church shall be vested in Commissioners ; That every Ecclesiwas reason for believing that this subject of the Lectionary would be brought before Convocation.

astical corporation in Ireland shall be dissolved; which assent to such The Rev. H. A. WOODGATE said he had prepared a gravamen on the

enactments we have strong reason for believing to be contrary to the

statutes 1 William and Mary, c. 6; 6 Anne, c. 11; and therefore an subject, and if the matter should come before the House he would not invalid act, such as could not be maintained in a court of law: We, the now present it.

undersigned members of the Lower House of Convocation in the ProDr. FRASER said that when the Report of the Commissioners came before the House he should move :

vince of Canterbury, humbly pray his Grace, the President, with their That no change or alteration whatever be made in the Book of Lordships, the Bishops of the Upper House, to use their best endeavonrs

in Parliament to redress this wrong." Common Prayer, but that the proposed Lectionary be appended to it, to

The remainder of the sitting was occupied on a long discussion upon be used by the leave of the Ordinary at the discretion of each Minister,”


The Archdeacon of SALOP moved the following resolution :-

Their Lordships met this morning at eleven o'clock, the Bishop of " That a dutiful request be submitted to their Lordships asking for

London presiding. such measures as may greatly increase the facility of admission of

ESSAYS AND REVIEWS. persons to Deacons' Orders, and at the same time insure that only those

The Bishop of EXETER said :may be admitted to the higher order of Ministry in the Church who are judged to be specially competent for the office."

My Lords, -I wished very much to make a personal statement yester

day, which I thought due both to myself and to your Lordships, with He said this was a subject upon which he felt very strongly, and he hoped reference to an announcement that appeared in the papers yesterday he might find a seconder for his motion, although he had asked no one morning of an intention of my own. I was very anxious to make the to do so. The whole system of admitting Deacons to Priests' Orders statement as soon as possible, because the announcement to which I was wrong, and the examination was most unsatisfactory: Neither allude was capable of two very serious misconstructions, which I thought could he see why, after a year's probation, every Deacon should be a

it was necessary that I should as soon as possible remove. The announcePriest, any more than every Priest should become a Bishop. It mightment that was made was that I did not intend on any future occasion to be said that he wanted a two years' probation or more for the candidate, republish the essay which I once wrote in the “Essays and Reviews," but what he asked for was not that

, but a real, thorough, searching and from the way in which it was announced it was possible that it examination presided over by the Dean and Canons. If it were not so

might be supposed that this announcement was intended to be made in easy to get to the Priesthood, we should be far better served. He should Convocation and with reference to the action of Convocation ; and it like to see a reduction of Priests, so that there should be only one Priest

was also possible that it might be supposed to imply some sort of to every altar. He felt that Curates in Priests' Orders were often an

expression of opinion on my part with regard to the character of the inducement for the head of the parish to neglect his duties. As soon as they obtained a Curate in Priests' Orders, in many cases they started off confess that I should very much have preferred making no personal

volume; and on both these points I desire to speak quite plainly. I to Rome or elsewhere for a holiday, much to the detriment of parish statement at all. I should have preferred letting that wait till hereafter, work.

because it is almost impossible to express precisely in words that which Canon SELWYN seconded the motion.

a man feels and thinks on such a matter as this. The fact is, that a After a long discussion the resolution was carried as follows :

little while ago I had occasion to tell an intimate friend, a layman, of " That a dutiful request be submitted to their Lordships the Bishops, whose opinions I think very highly, that I had come to this conclusion, asking for such measures as may greatly increase the facility of admission that I would not republish my essay. My reason for telling him was of persons to Deacons' Orders, and at the same time insure that only those that he represented to me that he thought that the republication of it may be admitted to the higher Order of Ministry in the Church who are in the changed circumstances of my having become the Bishop of judged to be specially competent for the office.”

Exeter would have very mischievous consequences; consequences which BISHOP TEMPLE AND "ESSAYS AND REVIEWS."

I did not intend, and should not like ; and that these changed circumThe Archdeacon of EXFTER said :-"I am authorised by friends of stances, in his judgment, made this a fitting occasion for such an action the Bishop of Exeter to make known, whether in Convocation or else- on my part as the withdrawal of that essay from public circulation. where, that his essay in the volume entitled Essays and Reviews will not After some consideration I told him that I did not intend to publish it, hereafter appear in any future editions of that volume, should such be and my reasons were, that I found that this essay, or rather I should say published. He (the Archdeacon) could not make a speech, nor should the volume in which this essay was contained, whether with good reason he attempt to do so; but he desired to express the hope that this state- or without, was a cause of very serious distress and anxiety and perment would be received in a conciliatory spirit

, and for his part he plexity to a great many very good people. This distress and anxiety; received it with the deepest thankfulness.

such as it was, I have no doubt at all was to a very large degree what I The Archdeacon of Taunton said that this, taken with the fact of may call contentious; it was not because they had read the book, what he had just heard, of the Upper House having agreed to the but because they saw the alarm and discomfort which others felt who appointment of a committee on the election of Bishops, led him to desire, had read it-I say a very large number. I am quite certa n that this on his part, to cease from all opposition to the Bishop of Exeter. The was the case with a very large number, and I should think that it was Dean of Norwich, who had signed the gravamen, had put himself into the case with the majority of those who felt any agitation on the his (the speaker's) hands to do what to him seemed fit in the matter, and matter. As long as there was any legal right at stake it seemed to me he would ask that the gravamen should be withdrawn.

the clearest of all possible duties that I should not sacrifice any such The Rev. Dr. JEBB said, as the seconder of the gravamen, he rejoiced right whatever either directly or indirectly. I was appealed to to take to hear what had been said with regard to the position of the Bishop, some step, or to make some declaration, on the ground of charity to bat he held that the statement came too late. (No, no.) This should others, as well as almost threatened that if I did not do so there would have been done before, and he could not consent to the withdrawal of be such opposition made as would keep me out of the office to which the gravamen,

was appointed. I did not think it right to give way on either ground;

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