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The Tablet informs its readers of the extraordinary cure of the Roman on Sundays is provided, so that they may be used either as alternative Bishop Grant, of Southwark:-“For long months he had not been free Lessons at the second Service, or at the third Service if thought desirable. from violent internal pains. On the 14th of November he began Mass According to these alterations of the Lectionary the Gospels and the at the altar of the B. Sacrament at six o'clock, in preparation for his Acts of the Apostles are to be read once in the year at Evensong, and journey to Rome. Before the Mass was over the pain which had so long the Revelation of St. John the Divine in Advent. The Books of tormented him had entirely left him, and he has been free from it ever Chronicles are also to be admitted into the new Lectionary, and the since."

divisions of Chapters which are now in force are not in all cases to be The Manchester Courier states that the late Bishop Lee held 68 Ordi

followed. A chapter from the Song of Solomon is to be read on one of nations, at which 558 Deacons, and 499 Priests were ordained ; that he

the Festivals—that of the Purification we believe, but we write from consecrated 130 new Churches, erected at a cost of upwards of £542,000, memory. 52 Churchyards, 24 public Cemeteries, 62 additional Churchyards, In the life of the late Bishop of Salisbury we read :-"He laid it down licensed 270 rooms for Divine Service, 2 Clerks in Orders, 365 Perpetual as a binding obligation upon the conscience of the Clergy that the Curates, 1,478 Stipendiary Curates, Preachers, Chaplains, &c., and 5 Morning and Evening Service should be daily said in private, if not in Masters of Grammar Schools ; instituted 2 Chancellors of the Diocese, | public. His own practice was most scrupulous. 1st, Morning Prayer in 6 Canons, 65 Rectors, 28 Vicars, and collated 2 Archdeacons, and 26 the Cathedral at 7.30 : 2nd, Morning Service again at 8.45 in the Palace Honorary Canons.

Chapel ; 3rd, breakfast ; 4th, continuous occupation in interviews or corresA dispute which has been pending for thirteen years between the pondence with the Clergy till Afternoon Service ; 5th, Afternoon Service; Rector of Stoke Newington and his Church wardens in reference to the

6th, a short ride or country walk before dinner ; 7th, frequently retiring disposal of the offertory in that Church, has at length been decided by

to his study to read or write till 10 p.m.; 8th, Evening Prayers in the the Bishop of London. He has ordered that the money shall be devoted Palace Chapel. " After that he disappeared, not seldom to read and to the Bishop of London's Fund, Home and Foreign Missions, and the

write again till a late hour in the night.” To all this we must add a Socieły for the Propagation of the Gospel, in such proportions as the strict observance of all the fast days, which were commonly said to have Rector and Church wardens may agree upon. He also states as his reason

told severely on his health, especially in Lent, and possibly to have for not allowing any portion to be appropriated in aid of the Curates' shortened his days. His attention to the daily business of his Diocese Fund, that he does not believe the Benefice to be ill-endowed.

was most exemplary.” The Rev. B. M. Cowie writes :-“Will you allow me a corner of your

In reference to the vacant Living of Wonston (worth 1,0001. a-year), paper to invite the Clergy and Laity, who take an interest in the South the Hants Chronicle says, ---It would appear that the next presentation African Church, to Service at St. Lawrence on Feb. 2, the Feast of the will not be made by the new Bishop, as it has been claimed by the Purification, at 12 o'clock? Holy Communion and Sermon by Rev. F. Crown. After reference to the law officers

, who have decided that as the Galton, of Exeter. There is urgent need of our united efforts in prayer

deed of restitution of temporalities was not completed by the Queen till and offerings, to help the Church in that Province. Its temporal and the Wednesday succeeding the death of the late Rector, the Rev. A. R.C. spiritual calamities have been great." Remember them which suffer Dallas (who died on the preceding Saturday), the next presentation falls adversity” (Heb. xiii. 3). I will gladly be almoner of friends at a dis

to the Crown, on the principle thus laid down in Burn's “ Ecclesiastical tance who may be willing to add to our Offertory, if they will send me

Law : "_" And upon the filling of a void Bishopric, not the new Bishop, their gifts to 27, Gresham-street, E.C.

but the King by his prerogative hath the temporalities thereof, from the

time that the same became void to the time that the new Bishop shall On the 13th inst., the mortal remains of Mr. Henry Robarts, who has receive them from the King.” The Living has been conferred by the for many years acted as lay-assistant to the three parishes of St. Mary Premier upon the Rev. Prebendary Owen. The John Bull says he is a Magdalene, St. Thomas, and S. Stephen's, Launceston, were borne to sound Churchmen and a Conservative. their resting-place in the quiet grave-yard of St. Thomas, in which Church the deceased was choir-master. Nearly all the choir attended

The Standard says:—" The kind of Service with which most of us the funeral. The responses were said in monotone, and the Amens were

were familiar twenty years back grew out of the dulness and deadness h rmonized. The Incumbent, Rev. S. Childs Clarke, is about to present of the Georgian era, together with Churchwarden architecture, threeto each of the choir an acrostic composed by him in remembrance of decker pulpits, shabby chancels, tall parlour pews, once a week Services, their respected leader, and bearing above it a striking photographic non-resident Incumbents, and Greek particle Bishops. Where this was likeness of him.

the rule, the spirit of innovation was a healthy spirit, and the imputation

of Romanising views with which it was too often encountered was ungeThe Church of Cotton, a township of the parish of Alton, Staffordshire, which had fallen into a state of dilapidation and decay, having of Churches in which the Services are characterised by an amount of

nerous and unjust. In the City of London to this day there are dozens been restored by the Rev. W. Fraser, D.C.L., Vicar of Alton, aided by slovenliness and irreverence which is positively scandalous, and yet, as the liberality of the two principal landowners in the parish, the Earl of the Incumbent of St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, has found, any attempt to Shrewsbury and Mr. Charles Bill

, was reopened for Service on Sunday. bring about a better state of things brings down a tempest of antiweek, and the interior being thoroughly refitted, with a judicious use of Ritualistic denunciation, confounding the effort to do things "decently colour, it presented a pleasing contrast to its former condition. The and in order” with a deliberate intention to enthrone Popery in the Rev. Dr. Fraser, the Rev. C. W. Cartwright, and the Rev. J. H. Killick temples of the Protestant Church. took part in the opening Services, which were attended by a congregation almost inconveniently crowded.

News from Bishop Tozer, of the Central African Mission, up to

October 29th has been received. Mails had sadly failed, no letters from The Carlisle Patriot says that a controversy regarding the value of England having been received of a later date than June 12th. The religious examinations in the Church of Englaad schools in Camberland Bishop says, “Our party is very small for the work in hand, and yet it and Westmoreland has arisen in a very remarkable way. Mr. Fearon, formerly one of the inspectors of that district, lately stated that mainland ground for our elder boys, who will soon have enough

is important just now to push on with the view of preparing the “ religious examination was a farce," and that “the inspector never feathers to leave the nest. Experience shows me daily how large a part dares venture upon those parts of religious teaching which may be

of somebody's time will in future be absorbed by the children's supposed to influence the heart of the child." The assertion was chal

ailments. Since my return from the Shamba, I have some mornings lenged by several gentlemen, so he fell back, saying, what he did not

been two hours dressing ulcers, putting on poultices, and the like, and say at first, that his remark was confined to certain districts only, of quite half that time again in the evening. A medical Missionary would which he had a personal knowledge.” Thus, the stone was thrown at

be an invaluable addition to our staff. A schoolmaster and a printer Cumberland and Westmoreland, and two gentlemen have written letters might also do good service. Pennell and Abdal'Aziz have begun a repudiating the statements.

translation of St. Luke. Time only will show whether the Sheikh will There is in the Diocese of Oria, in the Kingdom of Naples, a woman have patience to continue his aid to the end.” A schoolmaster sailed who is looked upon as a Saint, and is said to have wonderful and super- for Zanzibar on December 22nd, but the want of more Clergy for the natural knowledge. She speaks of Purgatory, of persons of whom she Mission is very pressing and very serious. has never known in life, and of Bishops prominent in the present Council.

Friday's Record contains a long account of the Annual Islington Three Englishmen have visited her, and we have received letters from each of them, which our space obliges us to hold over till next week. ex-Colonial Bishops graced the meeting with their Episcopal presence,

Clerical Meeting, which was held on the previous Monday. Two We have no opinion to pronounce upon her, except that their accounts and there was a fair sprinkling of Clergy and Laity of the now almost are very wonderful; that we believe in the existence of Saints, of defunct Record-ite school of thought. The Vicar of Islington, the Rev. miracles, and of extraordinary graces even at the present day--but we do not believe without proof of good evidence. There can be no doubt - Is our Church in difficulties? Is its present position one which justly

Daniel Wilson, was the Chairman, and the subject for discussion was but that the power and mercy of God are being manifested in the

creates anxiety and alarm?” The Chairman said he thought the quesmost extraordinary manner in these our days.Tablet.

tion must be answered in the affirmative. Amongst the speakers there We understand that the Royal Commissioners on Ritual, in the report was certainly a tone of despondency, so much so that it called forth a on the Lectionary submitted for the approval of the Queen recommend protest from the Revs. E. Hoare and H. Barne, the latter remarking that that the Lessons from the Apocrypha which for Saint's Days number 26, the Evangelical Clergy ought to inscribe " hope on their banners, shall be reduced to four, but that for ordinary days 40 shall be still / Mr. Barne also made a good suggestion which we trust the *. Eranretained out of the 106 Lessons. A second series of Lessons for evening | gelicals” will carry into practice. “He would suggest that during the

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season of Lent they should. imitating the example of Daniel, meet The Vicar of Christchurch having taken the Archbishop of York to task together in their respective Diocese , and, falling on their faces before for the part be took in the ceremony, has received from his Grace the God, acknowledge their past faults, and ask Him to pour out His Spirit subjoined reply :- Reverend Sir,- In answer to your inquiry whether a among them.” The meeting occupied several hours, and the speeches printed report which you send me of the consecration of a Greek Church providud matter for a supplement for the Record. Then the various at Liverpool is co rect,-it is in substance correct. At the consecration speakers retired to their country Vicarages, having talked a good deal, of an English Church at Constantinople, the Patriarch of Constantinople but alas! having done nothing to stem the ever-increasing tide of sin and sent a representative to the consecration, in token, not of agreement with misery.

the formularies and doctrines that would be set forth in that Church, but The Rers. S. C. Malan. R. G. Swayne, and R. F. Wilson, were installed of loving-kindness and charity felt by him towards all those who call on Wednesday as Prebends of Salisbury. One of the Minor Canons, the upon the name of Christ. I thought it right to commission two ClergyRev. H. W. Pullen, protested against the proceedings, and has since men to render to the Archbishop of Syra the same courtesy which his printed his objections under the title of "Mediæval Mummery in 1870; brother Archbishop had shown to our Church. I hoped that no one would å Few Words about Cathedral Installations." He says :-. With the understand such an act as meaning more than the act of courtesy which deepest reverence towards the Lord Bishop of this Diocese, by whom the called it forth. And though I find that I was mistaken in that respect, present appointments have been made ; and with sincere personal respect I am still unable to express any regret that I have done this simple act towards the newly installed Prebendaries themselves, I feel it my duty to

of kindness. I have many personal and family reasons for showing protest against their appointment, and against the special ceremony by kindness to any member of the Greek Church who may come within my which it has been accompanied ; against the ceremony because I regard reach. But these have nothing to do with your present question ; and I it as profane ; and against the appointment, because it is the assertion of quite admit that the case must be judged as the public act of a Minister a principle which I believe to be mischievous and false ; because each of our Church. As such, I leave it to be judged." successive conferring of a dignity in this Cathedral seems to me to be a We are able to state on good authority that the London Free and Open fresh insult to the tody of Minor Canons, and—what is of far greater Church Association will next Session obtain the introduction into the consequence—to the solemn acts of worship entrusted to their care. And House of Commons of a Bill “ to declare and enact the law

as to the I believe that this insalt will only suffer aggravation every day until the rights of parishioners in respect of their Parish Churches.” The draft Minor Canons, as Priests and Graduates, are recognised as at least on an of the Bill has been settled by Dr. Mertins Swabey, and its provisions equal footing with the rest of the Cathedral Clergy ; sitting with them, are briefly these :- That, as the entire area of every Parish Church is for as brethren, in the stalls; taking precedence among them on the only the equal use of all the parishioners, Ordinaries and Churchwardens principle which the English Church admits-that of seniority in years shall provide equal accommodation for all parishioners “without regard or length of service; and having, as musicians, a voice in the regulations to their respective degrees and qualities;" that it shall be illegal to allot, of those musical serv ces, which are now, I am bound in conscience to assign, or appropriate seats for "continuous use," but that the power declare, for the simple reason that they are in the hands of unmusical under the Church Building Acts to let seats shall not be affected by this men, nothing soort of a dishonour to Almighty God, and a disgrace to Act; that all existing faculties and existing or future claims by prescripthis Church and country.”

tion, appropriation, allotment, assignment, or otherwise shall be held null The scandalous behaviour of the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral, Lay passing of this Act it shall be unlawful for any Archbishop, Bishop, or

and void except for the natural lives of owners; that from and after the and Clerical, does not appear to have much improved under the super- Corporation whatsoever to issue any faculty granting the exclusive use vision of he new Dean, if we may judge from the following sent to the City Press by a correspondent: At the morning Service, the may accept site for free and unappropriated Churches ; that this Act

of a seat to any person whomsoever; that the Ecclesiastical Commissioners organ did not play, for some cause or other best known to the organist, shall not affect any rights of officiating Ministers and others to Chancels and the choir consisted of two only out of the nine gentlemen ; with for the conduct of Divine worship, or to private Aisles, Chapels, or the ten boys you may form an ilea of the efficiency of the music. Chantries ; that the Act shall be intituled the Parish Churches Act 1870. This afternoon five gentlemen were present. When Minor-Canon Lupton A conference of Members of both Houses of Parliament, who are also ascended the lectern to read the lessons the candles were not lighted; members and Vice-Presidents of the London Free and Open Church when he had read about five verses a verger brought a light, he had to Association, will be held shortly to decide on the best means of securing stop while they were lighted; the organist struck up the Magnificat, the passing of the Bill. Over 200 Members of Parliament are supporters the choir were not ready, and he keeping on they took up the words at of the Free and Open Church movement, and there can be little doubt of the third or fourth verse. So ended the First Lesson. Now some of the Association's ultimate success. your correspondents complain of the men of the choir standing irreverently, and also of their sitting through the prayers. A shot A correspondent of the Church Review gives the following account of might as well be fired at higher game, for I have repeatedly seen several the choral use at the fine old Gothic Cathedral at Dieppe : -At Vespers, of the Minor-Canons, and also one Canon (the Ven. Archdeacon), do the officiant, rested in cope, sat on the south side of the sanctuary, the same; therefore they show a bad example; and as for leaning on attended by two acolytes. To use the Sarum expression, the Office was the cushions and talking together during the Service, that is notorious. cum regimine chori, and probably “Quadruple Invitatory,” for the eagle When will the Dean and Chapter wake up to their duty and set matters or lectern being placed in the centre of the choir, facing East, there sat right? Two Minor-Canons

have not been at their post for several behind it " four conductors”. (" rectores chori") in copes; besides a years ; ope Vicar Choral, alsu, year after year, pays a deputy a small chorister, in black cassock and hood and surplice, who accompanied much pittance, and pockets something like 2001. per annum for doing nothing. of the Office on a brass instrument; and several acolytes in red cassocks If the Dean and Chapter cannot remedy such abuses, it is time a remedy and hoods and surplices. It seems a great mistake that, during the whole was applied for the system altogether.”

time, choirmen and boys are coming in and going out, apparently for the

most frivolous reasons, or for none at all. The office was begun by the A local paper speaking of the work done at Honiton by the late officiant singing the Deus in adjutorium. At every antiphon, the two Vicar, Dr. Mackarness, says :—“Through his exertions new national outside conductors go in front-i.e., to the east side of the eagle; and schools, of excellent character, have been built ; the ancient grammar alternately the one and the other goes to the stalls of his own side of the school has been revived; a new Chapel has been provided at the Union choir, and gives the antiphon to the precentor and succentor sitting on Workhouse ; St. Margaret's Hospital Chapel has been renovated ; and opposite sides of the choir, who intone it; and it is taken up and sung many improvements have been made in the fabric and the Service of the through by the choir, while the conductor joins the other conductor in Parish Church. There is now an excellent choir, and Holy Communion front of the eagle, and both genuflecting stand there till the Pralm is is celebrated weekly, the number of communicants approaching 500. begun, when they return to their places on the west side of the eagle. The amount of success achieved in connection with Allhallows Grammar At Gloria Patri' the choir hoys, in red cassocks and hoods and surSchool is very remarkable. When Bishop Mackarness came to Honiton plices, stand up and turn to the East, sitting down at sicut erat; but the it had fallen utterly into decay. He became Headmaster (that post Clergy only bow and remove their birettas, remaining seated. The conbeing a thorough sinecure, inasmuch as the only endowment consisted gregations were very large, and one was pleased to find all, men, women, of the school building and 101. a year, and there were no scholars) with and children, sing aloud and most heartily-many seeming to have the the determination, if possible, to restore its prestige; and with that Psalms by heart. I never saw an English congregation in which the object called to his aid an old friend, the Rev. T. Izod, then Vice- singing was so universal. For the hymns and Magnificat, a number of Principal of the Oxford Training College. The first day the school was Clergy and choristers were grouped behind the eagle, as was the use of reopened no boy presented himself. Now, thanks to the untiring energy St. Ninian's Cathedral, Perth, tiîl suppressed by Bishop Wordsworth.” and abilities of Mr. Izod, and the active interest and supervision of Dr. Markarness, it is in a most flourishing condition_having ninety pupils

On the Consecration of Bishop Temple we quote the following from a --and has been warmly praised by Mr. Stanton. By the removal of the leading article in the John Bull :-“ It was as the representative of the Bishop, Mr. Izod, who has long been practically the Headmaster, Free-bandlers’ that he was made a Bishop, and Bishop of the Freebecomes so in reality. The Clergy connected with the school have, so

handlers he plainly means to continue. The licence, the encouragefar as their other duties would permit, heartily co-operated with the ment, extended to unbelief by his position, not his own personal unbeRector and his Curate in parochial work.

lief (of which he knew ncthing), was the objection to his elevation to

the Episcopate ; this objection is not touched by the somewhat threadbare The Vicar of Christchurch, Southport, and a few other narrow-minded appeals to earnestness and conscientiousness which seem to captivate the Low Charchmen have taken offence at the English Archbishops having Devonshire county gentlemen. But we have done with the Bishop of sent representatives to the consecration of the Greek Church, Liverpool. 'Exeter; we hope never to mention his name (except for commendation) again. What we can never acquiesce in, never cease to reprobate till the that intense horror which can only be accepted as the proof of an scandal is wiped off, is the abnegation of all Catholic principle contained extremely ill regulated mind, and of a chronic state of colour blindness, in this deplorable Allocution. The Church of England has rested her Anything in the way of Ritual has in the Sunny South been a thing Episcopate since the Reformation on primitive Caristianity. Her prin- unheard of except in a few notable instances. T'he vestments have it ciple has been, in Hooker's words, that the King places but does not make is true been numerous, but the chief variations permitted have been in Bishops. While rendering to Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, she has the shape of the Testimonial black gowns presented at correct intervals repudiated with all her might the calumny of Papists and Puritans, that to favourite pastors, by the ladies of their flocks. In the arrangement she fails to reserve for God the things that are God's. This calumny the of the buildings equally strange customs prevail, and we have heard of Archbishop of Canterbury, by the mouth of the Bishop of London, has four Churches within a short distance of each other in which the now publicly accepted as the law to which his obedience and our own is chancel, or the apology for it, is placed respectively at the four points of due. Trampling alike on Canons, protests, and arguments, these Prelates the compass. The architecture is as a rule decidedly ·nondescript,' or have imposed on a particular statute a private interpretation abhorrent to adopt a happy phrase from a recent publication, 'Ebenezeresque.? to the fundamental notion of an Apostolical Succession. The very Proprietary Chapels, orer the buying and selling of which there is Statute which was enacted to release the Church from an uncanonical occasionally no slight tumult, are to be seen dotted about in this usurpation by a foreign Patriarch, they have adjudged, on no authority favoured neighbourhood, while there is scarcely a Church which is not but their own, to create an absolutely unchristian supremacy in the House well fitted with the Bishop of Winchester's abomination—galleries.' of Commons. An Act which requires the Chapter to elect, the Metropo- In the supply of that erratic class of ecclesiastical functionarieslitan to confirm, and the Bishops to consecrates with all due circum- Vergers—there is the utmost liberality ; while the fashion and flowing stances ”—every one of these processes being a well-known step in the nature of their robes sometimes puts to shame the less ample folds of canonical appointment of a Bishop—these two Prelates, on the advice of the preacher. In parish clerks, again, the district is rich ; and we some unknown lawyers, in the teeth of nine protesting or refusing Com- venture to predict that if these estimable functionaries could be provincials, have interpreted to repeal all Ecclesiastical power whatever, ' gathered together in one room and ordered to repeat the Athanasian and create in its place a succession of shams odious to every lover of Creed, each remembering that he is (or is considered to be) the mouthtruth. They have asserted for the Prime Minister an authority which piece of the congregation, the result would be a general demand for Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth thought it unchristian to claim for the monotonic recitation. The musical arrangements are scarcely less anointed Monarch. The Statute is bad enough, the new interpretation quaint. Kyries are sung to the most extraordinary specimens of is intolerable. We have always maintained the bark of the law to be so-called Church music, with variegated accompaniments: while in one worse than its bite. A Dean with a little more backbone in his Puri- Church in Lambeth this favourite opportunity for musical display is tanism, and a Chapter less Gladstonised than was discovered at Exeter, only taken advantage of after the Tenth Commandment, the petition would have braved the snap with perfect impunity. But the Allocution after the others being relegated to the ordinary mumble. In attitudes, in the Jerusalem Chamber goes to the bone, and is full of poison. If the aspect of some of the congregations would present a study worthy its deadly fangs cannot be extracted when Convocation meets in the of a Hogarth ; while if there is another point in which the South is same place next month-actum est :

unequalled, it is in the dismal character of its solitary Church bells." " In that Jerusalem shall Harry die."

THE CLERGY FRANCHISE DEFENCE AssociatION.—Lord George On Friday an address, signed by nearly 400 of the Clergy of the Hamilton presided at a meeting of this Association held at Sion College Diocese, was presented to the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, thanking on Wednesday. It was resolved that a letter should be sent to the him for the stand he made against the consecration of Dr. Temple. The Eclesiastical Commissioners, calling their attention to the decision of Bishop replied as follows:-“My dear Brethren,- I return to you my

the Court of Common Pleas on the recent appeal from the ruling of the heartfelt thanks for the important address that you now present to me. Revising Barrister for Middlesex, which disfranchised a large body of the I thank you, first, for the generous expression of your approval of the Beneficed Clergymen, and intimating that the meeting, considering the course which lately I felt it my solemn duty to take ; I thank, you, law to be one of great hardship, deemed it their duty to place the facts secondly, and especially, for the sympathy that your friendly words before the Commissioners for their consideration. convey to me on this recent and most responsible act of my whole CHURCH Pews.-On this subject the Rev. J. L, Fish, Rector of St* ministerial life. I thus thank you--but no worls of mine can adequately Margaret Pattens, sends the following interesting communication to the express the sense of helpful support wbich this record of your concur- City Press : "Sir,--I am able, by a reference to the Churchwarden's rence with me in my suspended assent to the late consecration to the See accounts of the parish of St. Margaret Pattens, to confirm the view of Exeter, now ministers to me; no present expressions can do justice to taken by Aleph' in his interesting article on Church Pews,' that the deepened consciousness I feel of the reality of the sympathy that thus enclosed and appropriate sittings existed in our Churches long before unites us in love to our common Lord, and in vital belief in the inspiration the Reformation. Our accounts begin about A.D. 1507. They are of of His blessed Word. I welcome the long list of familiar signatures; in great interest, and, combined with the inventories, the earliest of which each I see not only the hand of a friend, but a manifestation of that zeal is dated 1470, make up an ecclesiastical history of the parish. In the for Evangelical truth, and that reverence for the voice of our Church, as

year 1511 is the following entry : Item, paid to Simon Goldsmith for expressed by the judgment of one of her Synods, that form the best and dressing of the irons of the shriving pew, lå' This was, of course, the truest bonds that can unite the Bishop and the Clergy of a Diocese. I Confessional ; and the next entry does not indicate appropriation :— Item see this and deeply feel it, and now permit myself humbly to rejoice that, paid for making of the pew at St. Katharine's altar side, 4d. ;” but next reluctant as I was to do anything inconsiderate or unbrotherly, I did not

year we find a veritable parishioner's pew :— Item, more received of him shrink from clearing myself, by written words, from all complicity with for the making and garnishing of his pew, 15s.' In 1514 ;— Item, paid the most serious and responsible act, on the part of those concerned,

to a carpenter for the mending of the pew that Sampson sitteth in, 6d.' that has been performed in the Church during the present century. I There is no doubt about the appropriation of the next pew mentioned, cannot close these words without one further expression of my thankful- | in 1516:— Item, paid for a key for Master Waddell's pew door, 2d. ness that you deem my dissent to have been not only seasonable but 1518:— Item, paid for making of two pew doors for John Geoffry and temperate. It was my especial care that it should be so, both in its Robert Sale, and for a piece of wainscot to one of the same doors, 3s.' terms and even in the manner in which it was recorded. I simply 1520 :- Item, paid for mending of Master Monmouth's pew, ld.' expressed the desire that the document should be shown to the Bishops 1525: Item, paid for the mending of Master Sampson's pew door, appointed to consecrate. I neither published it myself nor sought pub-4d.,' &c. But I cannot believe that these pews were in forin and size licity; yet I cannot but be thankful that, owing to the publicity which anything like the omnibuses and cattle pens now in the Church, which was given to it, I have received from you all, my dear friends and fellow vary in height from 6 ft. to 4 ft. 6 in., and are the delight of ill-behaved labourers

, this most welcome and most sustaining assurance of your con- children, and even ill-behaved adults. Most probably they faced one fidence and sympathy. I will now say no more, nor will you, perhaps, way, and were of moderate height. There are plenty of such examples desire me to say more than this--that I humbly ask you to join with me in the Churches on the coast of Normandy, notably at Dieppe and in the prayer that it may please God the Holy Ghost so to order the issues Rouen. “Aleph' says that pews are an eyesore. So they are, and a of this our trouble and trial, that we may be permitted to see them over- heartsore too. ruled to the glory of our God and Father, and the furtherance of the

THE ROMAN COUNCIL AND THE A.P.U.C.-The Rev. C. H. E. Carkingdom of Jesus Christ.

michael, General Secretary of the A.P.U.C. sends to the Daily News the Last week's Choir contained a good article upon the “Protesting” annexed letter :-“Sir,--My attention has been drawn ta a paragraph in Parishioners of Camberwell. We give an extract :- In order to give a your Roman Correspondent's letter, printed in your impression of the fair idea of the facts of the case which, from the strong expression of 12th inst., which contains an erroneous statement regarding the Associaopinion it evoked from the Bishop, has more than a local interest, it tion for Promoting the Unity of Christendom. I am the more anxious will be well first to call attention to the state of the Church in the to rectify this error because the correspondent of the Daily News has, in neighbourhood. Here as in the majority of the South London parishes, general, been honourably distinguished by refraining from too easy vestrydom has until recently been the chief power. The mere mention acceptance of the thousand flying rumours too ofton embodied in letters of chanting the psalıns has been sufficient to raise a storın in a tea cup from Rome at the present time. Your correspondent has, however, ceron which local orators who are in the hab.t of talking themselves hoarse tainly been misled on one point of importance. He says, “It is underuntil the small hours of the morning have dilated with enthusiasm, while stood that a well-known English Clergyman has been engaged by the the introduction of a surpliced choir in the place of the mixed body of Society for the Union of Christendom to discharge the task of spokesladies and gentlemen who occupy the organ loft, has been regarded with / man for a party--assuredly not for the higher authorities in the Auglican Church before the Roman Committee on Anglican Orders.” To this I firmation consecration should take place. It is shown by Bingham* beg to reply, that whatever number of “ well-known English Clergymen and others that this was not to supersede the ancient custom of election may be in Rome at this moment, there is no one authorised to represent by Clergy and people, but to enforce the additional security of the con. the Association for Promoting the Unity of Christendom, or deputed by sent or sutirages of the Conprovincial Bishops, and especially the that Association to plead the cause of Anglican Orders before a board confirmation or ratification of all by the Metropolitan. That to which composed, in great measure, of members of that portion of the Latin all this refers, however, is election, not consecration. Both Balsamon and Episcopate which would be the least likely to give an impartial verdict Zonaras show this conclusively, and it is apparent from the word used on the merits of the case. Had names like Ketteler, Hefele, Dupanloup, viz., radiotaslai. The Bishop was to be appointed, constituted or in conjunction with some Italian Prelates not committed to any view of elected by the Bishops of the province, at least three being present, then the question, appeared on the list, Anglicans might have entertained ; he was to be consecrated ; and it is shown by Zonaras that this Canon di more hope that the Council of the Vatican would render itself famous Nicæa does not conflict with the first Canon of the Apostles, which by allowing them that fair hearing of their side of the case which they allows two Bishops to consecrate, because the Canon of Nicæa refers to have never ceased to demand during three centuries of separation and election, that of the Apostles to consecration, the ratification or confirmamutual misunderstanding. In the interest of that peace and unity for, tion of all-T0 kūpos tūv yıyvouévay=-being by the Metropolitan. which we pray daily, the question which your correspondent supposed

The first Canon of the fourth Council of Carthage indicates very the Association for Promoting the Unity of Christendom to have raised plainly what the real principle of these elections was; for it decrees that before a Committee of the Council must be discussed sooner or later, and consecration shall be with the consent of Clergy and Laity, with thế it were much to be desired that men's minds could be prepared for its convention of the Bishops of the whole province, and especially with the calm and sober discussion. I shall be much obliged by your early inser- authority or presence of the Metropolitan.' tion of this letter, to prevent any further misconceptions such as your “The Canons which follow and almost repeat the Canon of Nicæa correspondent's statement may have given rise to, with regard to the all equally concern election, not consecration, as the 19th Canon of position taken up by the Association for Promoting the Unity of Chris- Antioch, A.D. 341 ; the 12th of Laodicea, circ. A.D. 365; the 13th of tendom.”

Carthage, A.D. 398. So they are interpreted by all the ancient canonists.

The word kalioraçlar (Latin, constitui) is used of election, kūpos of conA NOXCONFORMIST ON Bishop TEMPLE'S DOCTRINE.- The following firmation. The word xeipotovía is ambiguous, as any one may see who letter is from the English Independent ;-" I read with great care the will consult Suicer on the word, or the notes of Zonaras on the first report in the Times--apparently a very full and accurate one-of Dr. Canon of the Apostles and the fourth of Nicæa.* Temple's Sermon on the occasion of his enthronement in Exeter

• The changes which took place in the mode of election are well Cathedral; and I see not how any one could form a different judgment known. Popular tumults early induced the Emperor to intervene, and of the discourse from that which you have expressed, very calmly and choose a Bishop and impose him on the Church, and to this the Church with much discrimination, in this week's Independent. You have caught, quietly yielded. At one time the people were displaced by the chiefs as it seems to me, the very essence of the Bishop's doctrine as to the means and process of salvation, when you represent him as teaching that thirteenth century, the Clergy of the Diocese were superseded by the

or nobles (primates). From about the time of Innocent III., in tho * the true cure for sin " is to be found in the contemplation of the life Chapter of the Cathedral. In many countries (after the breaking up of of our Lord Jesus Christ.” Let your readers previously ask themselves the Empire) the right of election and nomination was given to the what such “contemplation ” will do as " a cure for sin,” if it be dis- Sovereign. Especially this was the case in Spain and Portugal, the sociated from the great transaction of pardon, of which the Bishop says Sovereign having been esteemed the founder of the See in countries nothing, and from the equally great transaction of regeneration, of won back from the Moors. That right was vested by Concordats with which he says as little.” But there is another sentence in your remarks the Pope in the Kings of France. In our own country, even the Saxon on this important deliverance on which I would seek to fix the attention Kings appear to have appointed, of their own will, to Bishoprics.I ! of your readers. It runs thus," that he (Dr. Temple) does not believe believe that in some European Churches the very form and shadow of in the Atonement or in Justification by Faith, the omission in his Sermon election has disappeared. În England, the Capitular election has retained of the least reference to these cardinal doctrines emphatically prores." the resemblance of the ancient suffrage of the Clergy; the nomination The sen tence deserves to be read and re-read with the most thoughtful by the Crown represents the voice of the people ; the confirmation by the care. You, Sir, are only too well aware how the Broad Churchism Archbishop (which for a long period was usurped by the Pope) is still as which admits of this loose theology is masked over ; how it is extenuated it was in the earliest days, and gives the sanction of the Province. It and clothed with plausible names; and in what manner it is is true the election is now really in the Crown ; but it is difficult to say approaching and advancing upon ourselves under cover of anti- when it was otherwise, except that for a time, the Pope succeeded in Calvanism, freedom from the bondage of Creeds, &c., &c. Mean; absorbing and vesting all powers of electing, confirming, and instituting while the ordinary cry from the watchtowers of Zion is “ Peace ! Peace!” in himself alone. We are assured that old truths are only putting on new shapes—that “What I wish to insist on, then, is this: that the 4th Canon of Nicæa public teachers are but adopting a less technical phraseology-while really gives to the Bishops of the Province a voice in the election. If nothing that deserves to be considered as fundamental is in danger therefore, any of the Bishops of the Province of Canterbury felt bound at all. Here, Sir, is a very popular Bishop-" Broad Churchman” if to protest, in the case of the Bishop of Exeter, they onght to have prothere ever was one-enthroned in the face of protest after protest, who, tested at the election, or, at all events, before the confirmation. The the first time he opens his lips after he is securely entrenched in his protest afterwards was not canonical, and was altogether out of place. position emphatically proves (as you have stated it) that he does not

"In all parts of Europe, now, the Bisho have ceased to have ordibelieve in the Atonement, or in Justification by Faith. Surely, Sir, this narily a voice in the election of their brother Bishops. That election is is a very serious matter for the io terests of truth in general;

and espe- everywhere either in the Chapter, or the Crown, or the Pope. It is very cially for the spiritual welfare of that large Diocese over which Dr. Temple doubtful if the Comprovincial Bishops ever joined with the Metropolitan is henceforth to spread his influence. True Protestants, and Evangelical in confirmation ; for probably confirmation was the last act previous to believers of every section of the Church may well view it with the consecration, and was performed by the Metropolitan (or the Pope) alone. deepest pain. According to the first, without Justification by Faith, But it is quite certain that their intervention and protest, after both Protestantism is gone ; and according to the second, without the Atone- election and confirmation, cannot be defended on any sound principles. ment, Salvation is gone.

Consecration follows immediately on nomination, election, and confirma

tion; and the consecrating Bishops merely act ministerially for the The Bishop of Ely has addressed the following letter to the Bishop of whole. Church, which has thus three times uttered its voice.

“Probably never (since Saxon times, at all events) has an election London :

been more strictly in accordance with Canon than that of Bishop Temple. “Ely, January 5, 1870.

The laity spoke by the Crown and by a Minister chosen by the people ; * My dear Lord-As it is reported that the canonical validity of the the laity of the Diocese have been (as I learn) singularly unanimous consecration of Bishop Temple will be denied, I shall be glad if you will in approving the choice, thus giving a moral weight to the legal nominaallow mne to anticipate the objections in a few words addressed to you. tion; the Chapter elected, not formally, but after much debate, and by

“I know that you will join with me in sincere respect and affection an actual division ; the Archbishop confirmed, having previously taken for those of our Episcopal brethren who thought fit to protest to you at

* E. A., Bk. iv. chap. ii sec. 11. Thomassinus (Pt. ii. lib. ii. c. i.) appears to the last moment; I cannot, however, help feeling much regret that that

argue, that from the first the Bishops elected, and the people only approved ; but protest came at a time when it could only give pain to the four Bishops, Van Espen, De Marca, Barboso. Ferraris, Beveridge, Bingham, and most canonists, who were commissioned to consecrate, but could have no canonical Roman and Anglican, hold that originally the election was in the Clergy and people. validity whatever. The 4th Canon of Nicæa, to which appeal has

• In classical language in the New Testament, and in the earlier Christian

writings, it always means election. See Schleusner, 6. V.; Wetstein in Act xiv. 23 ; been made, was drawn up in consequence of the excesses that resulted Bingham, E. A., Bk. iv.chap. vi. sec. 11. from the Milesian schism, the origin of which was the irregularity com- In the 6th Canon of the Council of Toledo, A.D. 681, the right of the Crown to mitted by a single Bishop, in consecrating other Bishops by his own will, appoint suo nutu is recognised.

See Bede, H. E. iii. 28, where Alfred appoints Wilfrid, and sends him to France without any valid election, and without consent of the Primate. For the

So Edward the Confessor removed the See of Crediton to avoiding of this danger, the Council of Nicæa decreed that in future Exeter, and appointed Leofric the first Bishop: (Councils by Haddan and Stubbs Bishops should be elected (not only by the Clergy and people of the p. 694). The mode of appointing was by delivery of a past ral staff and a ring. Diocese, as heretofore, but also) by the Bishops of the province, and See Ayliffe (Parergon), 126), who quotes Ingulphus, Abbot of Crowland, as saying

for consecration,

that for many years there had been no canonical election, but that Bishoprics were should be confirmed by the Metropolitan ; after which election and con

donative of the Crown,

part in the anxious discussions. After this there was no ground for the of the present, but in the Church of England of the past ; but that dissent of the Comprovincial Bishops.

iufluence lingered in memory, though it might not actually linger in "The consecrating Bishops were simply chosen by the Primate to act reality. It was the memory of the past that had alienated thousands. for him and for his whole province, and our functions were ministerial They had seen, it might be, Services hurried through; they had seen, only. Protests sent to us, to which we had no power, by any law of perhaps, a cold and dead spirit; they had, perhaps, had their warmer Church or State, primitive, medieval, or modern, to give heed, placed us feelings chilled; they had turned away from the Church of England as in a painful and invidious position; but they did not really relieve the a cold, cold mother, and they had sought comfort elsewhere, or, alas, responsibility of those who made the protests, for they were made illegally, sometimes perhaps nowhere. This coldness of the past had cas' forward uncanonically, and when they could not take effect.

long shadows. It had made men call many things into question. Some “I am not attached to the present system of patronage, whether of of them, far-headed, thinking men, he had no doubt, had often thought Livings or of Bishoprics ; for both it could probably be much improved ; over this, “Is the Church of England a place where a man may receive but I think it would be very hard to point out any period in English certain money without doing the duties that that money implies ?" Many history when it was really better. In the middle ages Bishoprics were a man perhaps has asked the question, “Is that Living what they call a fought for by the Pope and Crown, and the elections of Chapters were freebold, or is it freehold on trust?" No doubt they were all now alive invariał ly set aside by Pope or King (according as either was in the to the serious truth that they held what they received from the Church ascendant) unless they corresponded with the wishes of the sup eme England on trust that they performed the duties. But this neglect of power. The people had no voice in them, nor had the Bishops of the the past had opened up all these serious questions. It had opened up the province, nor even, for the most part, had the Metropolitan. We have whole serious question of endowments. He need not say much on that now at least the shadow of better things; and there is a freedom of question, but he was one of those who thought that on the whole it was specch, which may easily be abused, but which may also be used lawfully better for the cause of religion that its Ministers should be endowed, that and for good ends.

they should not be tempted of men, it might be to say what in some “I have expressed myself plainly enough, perhaps too plainly, to the degree might be against their consciences, for the sake of standing well Bishop of Exeter, and I could much have wished that he had spoken with congregations. He was one of those who were in favour generally out his own sentiments, as was the laudable custom in ancient times of endowments, but only regarding them as held as solemn trusts with with Bishops, when first entering on their Sees. I have never thought duties to be performed. In the past, he was sorry to say, these duties that he was an unbelierer in the chief verities of the Christian faith. If were very imperfectly performed; people felt their hearts chilled, and I had so believed I should have been bound to say so (supposing that I they drew away from the Church. They said, " It is only a Church of had any voice in the matter) before every canovical step had been taken, endowments ; vital religion is not there ; we must seek it elsewhere, in and every legal voice of Clergy and people bad pronounced for his con- a voluntary system; there is something dead in these endowments." And secration. If even, at last, it had been proved to me that he was a so they turned away. He was afraid there was another reason why the heretic, I might have withheld my hand from his head, but I should not working-classes had slipped away-they (the Church) had not kept pace then have thought it right to protest. The high and conscientious with the population. He was afraid he could not go round the city and motives of those who have protested cannot admit of doubt. I only point to a congregation that was on the increase. Another reason which impugn the canonicity and validity of their protest. May I venture to kept men away was that they could not find seats ; in the Church there add an expression of my earnest hope, that now at least all will be willing was perhaps nothing but pews, and he thought that the Church of his to try fairly one who is unquestionably, and with full canonical right, mother land was a free Church. The pew system, carried on to the extent Bishop of å most important Diocese, and who has secured the warmest it had been in some places, had alienated thousands. They felt that the affection and esteem of everyone who has hitherto been associated with Church was for the rich, and they had gone elsewhere, or perhaps him or placed under him.

nowhere. "I am, my dear Lord, your affectionate brother, “ E. H. Ely."

Totes, Literary, Archæological, &c. THE BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL ON INTEMPERANCE, &c.

Mr. Richard Morris is writing a short historical English Grammar for There was a large gathering of working men on Thursday evening at the use of King's College School. Colston Hall to hear an address by the Bishop explanatory of the objects of the Bristol Church Aid Fund. The Mayor presided, and the Bishop 1,228,000,000 souls. Of this number 552,000,000 belong to the Mon

According to a recent estimate the population of the globe is about took the opportunity of saying a few kind words to working men on the dreadful crime of intemperate habits:

golian race ; 360,000,000 to the Caucasian ; 190,000,000 to the Ethiopian; ** In his humble judgment, what they had wanted had been rather a

176,000,000 to the Malay ; and 1,000,000 to the Indo-American race. more comprehensive arrangement, in which there might be a good The annual mortality is over 33,000,000. organisation, which should include in it total abstinence, and which The ground is being cleared for the new library at Guildhall. Dr. should also favour and help what he would call temperance; what they Saunders's Cmmittee of the Common Council has visited Oxfo:d, Camearnestly wanted was some general movement that should have a single bridge, Liverpool, and other places to examine the best existing libraries aim and object--how best to put under this dreadful, growing, terrible in England, an it is hoped that the building for which the Corporation evil. He was speaking for himself, and he was certain for the good men voted £25,000 and gave a site worth £40,000, will be ready within two who stood behind him that should it please God to put it in the hearts of years. any of them to bring forward the subject in a comprehensive way before

The South Kensington Museum will soon be enriched by a series of this city, he would humbly ask to take a part in so great a movement. He might now point out how this

dreadful evil of intemperance worked. reproductions of early wall-paintings and mosaics, to be used to decorate They must remember it was not only that it worked evil in the poor mentation. Among the examples already in hand are copies from

parts of the museum which were designed with a view to such ornacreature himself, but it influenced and affected his whole family: He pictures found in the subterranean basilica of San Clemente, Rome, did not mean as withholding from them the cecessaries of life. It did during the excavations conducted by Prior Mullooly, of that Church. that he knew bitterly. Go to some of the courts in Bristol, and see, perhaps, the bare, gaunt woman in rank starving attitude, wistful, and 300 A.D. : (2) a female saint, with a nimbus, circa 410; (3) a Crucifixion,

These comprise (1) a male bust, of distinctly antique character, circa with marks of sorrow in her face; and if they asked they would find the earliest known representation of that event, circa 646, 50 A.D.; (4) that the man went to the public-house round the corner, took away the

“ The Maries at the Sepulchre,” 6. The Descent of Christ to Hades," and money, and left the wife and the children to destitution and despair. But

“ The Marriage at Cana," circa 650 A.D., “The Assumption of the it was more than that came from the dreadful evil; it was that the man Virgin," and five others of equal importance. Two fac-similes of mosaics · rendered the woman and the children also destitute of the means of of the greatest interest have been reproduced :-(1) "The Good Shepgrace-poor creatures with sorrow in their hearts, pinched with want. If hierd.” Seated, with his flock ; a lunette, from the tomb of Galla Placidia, they were to say to such, My poor woman, I wish you would go to Ravenna ; this has been delivered by Messrs. Salviati, but remains at Church,' what would her answer be? An answer of the sorest agony-• Sir ; I go to Church! Look at my rags ! The Church is for other than certain stipulated proofs of its fidelity to the original; the obvious

present under judgment, pending the production to the authorities of 1.' But look at your children. “My children! Look at that boy. He importance of such proofs need not be stated, and without challenging has begged the wretched bread he has got in his hands now. Do think I can go to Church ? I have not a heart to go anywhere. There officials to withhold the work for the present. (2). A fine upright figure

the copy in question, we cannot wonder at the determination of the is but one rest for me, and that is the churchyard yonder. It was inten- of Christ, on a gold ground, with attributes, froin San Marco. This is a perance that was breaking that woman's heart, and making her reckless very striking and grand picture. The scheme for reproducing such and despairing.

decorations is comprehensive, and may embrace invaluable examples Having analysed some of the reasons why the people did not go to which date from the “Sylvanus," from Ostia, now in the Lateran Church, the question arose

Museum, which is so strikingly like pictures of The Good Shepherd,' in “Was it altogether their fault?" He answered, "No." To an extent the Catacombs, Rome; the so-called · Battle of Issus,' now at Naples; it was the fault of the Church of England. Having spoken frankly and works from San Lorenzo, Milan, the Baptistery at Ravenua, San Paolo firmly on the one side, he must speak frankly and firmly on the other. fuori le Mure, Rome, SS. Cosmo and Damiano, San Vitale, Ravenna, First of all, he believed the working classes had been alienated by the with others, to Ghirlandajo's work on the exterior of the Duomo, Florence, coldness they had seen, not, he thanked God, in the Church of England / and later examples in St. Peter's, Rome.

you

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