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In the press, demy Svo., about 500 pages, with numerous Illustrations, price 158.
Now Ready, Crown 8vo., price 78. 6d., with Portrait of
Steel of the Author, A Dictionary of Ritual and other Ecclesiastical Terms.
THE SEVEN CURSES BY THE REV. FREDERICK GEORGE LEE, D.C.L.; F.S.A. Lond. and Scot. ; S.C.L. Oxon; Vicar of All Saints', Lambeth ; F.A.S.L.; Editor of the
OF LONDON. • Directorium Anglicanum ;” Author of the “Beauty of Holiness," "Ecclesiastical Vestments,” &c.
By JAMES GREENWOOD. In this publication it has been the aim of the com- National Church of that period. Neither ordinary nor
The “ Amateur Casual." piler to bring together, in a comparatively small com- extraordinary sources of information have been overpass, as much information as possible concerning the looked; both Latin and Eastern terms aro included, meanings and applications of the many Ritual Terms and authorities produced for almost every factor
CONTENTS. and other Ecclesiastical Words bearing on the study statement that is given. The illustrations are mainly of Ritual,- detail of Lituriology to which much taken from Ornamenta" and "Instrumenta Eccle
1. NEGLECTED CHILDREN. attention is now being directed. With this aim, the siastica" existing and used in the Church of England; Editor, who for many years has been collecting mate- while the representations of pre-Reformation cere
Chap er I.-Startling Facts. rials for this volume, has consulted nearly two hundred monies, rites, and observances have been selected Chapter II.-Respecting the Parentage of some of our MS. Church and Churchwardens' Accounts of the from Anglican rather than from foreign examples and
Gutter Population. period of the Reformation, which tend to throw so authorities.
Chapter III -Baby-Farming. much light both on the statute-law and custom of our
Chapter IV.--Working Boys.
Chapter V-The Problem of Deliverance. “The Services of the Church cannot be done and celebrated with too great care and anxiety. When we remember to Whom they are offered, we cannot be too decent and over-much orderly in
2. PROFESSIONAL THIEVES. rendering them with seemliness and reverence.”—DR. SOUTH,
Chapter VI.-Their Number and their Difficulties.
Chapter VII.—Their Habits.
Chapter IX.-The Thief Non-Professional. In the press, small crown 8vo., cloth, with a Frontispiece, price 7s. 6d.
Chapter X.-Criminal Suppression and Punishment. Chapter XI.-Adult
Criminals and the New Law for The Manuale Clericorum;
their Better Government. A GUIDE FOR THE REVERENT AND DECENT CELEBRATION OF DIVINE SERVICE, THE HOLY SACRAMENTS, AND OTHER OFFICES,
3. PROFESSIONAL BEGGARS. According to the Rites, Ceremonies, and Ancient Use of the United Church of England and Ireland. Chaptertenti.-The Work of Punishment and ReclaAbridged from the “ Directorium Anglicanum," with Additions of special value in the
Chapter XIV.-- Begging “ Dodges." practical rendering of the Services of the Church.
Chapter XV.-Genteel Advertising Beggars. PREFATORY NOTE. This Guide is published with the intention of supply- such a reasonable price as to bring it within the reach
4. FALLEN WOMEN. ing the Clergy, Choristers, Lay Readers, Choir- of a large and increasing class--decency and order in masters, and Acolytes with a series of plain directions conducting divine service being no longer peculiar to
Chapter XVI.-This Curse. and suggestive hints for the decent and orderly cele- one theological school.
Chapter XVII.-The Plain Facts and Figures of Pros. bration of the public Services of the Church. Only in The Editor acknowledges with gratitude the value
titution. a few instances are the authorities given at length for of many important suggestions in its preparation, and
Chapter XVIII.--Suggestions. the recommendations and directions provided, and is deeply obliged to those several friends who have Chapter XIX.-The Present Condition of tho Question. this for the obvious reason of being enabled to issue taken the trouble to give him the benefit both of their the book in & convenient and portable form, and at theoretical knowledge and practical experience.
[In November. Õ. THE CURSE OF DRUNKENNESS. In the press, Fourth Edition, with Illustrations, demy 8vo., cloth, price 128, 6d.
Chapter XX.-Its Power.
Chapter XXI.-Attempts to Arrest It, CAREFULLY REVISED WITH XUMEROUS EMENDATIONS AND IN HARMONY WITH THE PRESENT STATE OF THE LAW. The Directorium Anglicanum;
6. BETTING GAMBLERS. BEING A MANUAL OF DIRECTIONS FOR THE RIGHT CELEBRATION OF THE Chapter XXII.-Advertising Tipsters and Betting
7. WASTE OF CHARITY.
Chapter XXIII.-Metropolitan Pauperism.
Chapter XXIV.--The Best Remedy. With Plan of Chancel, and Illustrations of “such Ornaments of the Church and of the Ministers thereof at all
times of their ministrations (as) shall be retained, and be in use as were in this Church of England by the authority of Parliament, in the second year of the reign of King Edward the Sixth."
OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. The general approbation with which this book has
harmony with the Privy-Council Judgment in the St ATHENÆUM.-"No one can say that the writer has been received has induced the publishers to prepare Alban's Case. The Psalms in some of the Services not lured him by false promises to gaze at hideous spoufor publication a Fourth Edition, which has been very given at length in the Third Edition are now printed in tacles of human degradation and anguish. Together carefully revised by the Editor, and brought into full, so as to render the work in all respects complete with a mass of clearly digested facts, that will afford
no less of assistance to the social reformer than of “The existence of one such work of credit and reputation must do something to diminish the entertainment to the curious investigator of the convarieties of Ritualism into which the taste or studies of independent explorers might lead them. dition of the London poor, The
Seven Curses of The book must be admitted to stand without a rival in its own line ; and if there are few sympathy for distress is not more conspicuous than who are prepared to adopt its system as a whole, there are fewer still who might not gather from humorous suggestiveness." its pages some hints for the more decent and orderly performance of their own public ministrations GLASGOW HERALD.--" Mr. Greenwood has seen what in Church.”—Guardian.
[In November. comparatively few would care particularly to behold,
and what still fewer would put themselves to the
trouble of finding out. He unmasks hypocrisy in the In the press, in one handsome volume, crown 8vo., cloth, price 7s, 6d.
hydra-like forms which it is able to assume-stripping
it effectually of all the tinsel trappings by which it The Church Seasons,
seeks to attract and lure. Altogether the volume is one which deserves a large circulation, and which
should be carefully read and pondered over. It affords Historically and Poetically Illustrated.
abundant matter for reflection, ad, when reflection
has ceased, for action. We have no doubt good will be BY ALEXANDER H. GRANT, M.A.
the result of its publication."
HALIFAX COURIER.-" To those who even bavo a Author of "Half-hours with our Sacred Poets."
good knowledge of the dark side of humanity as it is
in London, the revelations in this book are startling: The aim of this volume is to trace the origin and wide and impartial as to embrace contributions from to others who know little but of the wealth and history of the Fasts and Festivals of the Ecclesiastical the Christian muse of all ages and nations.
splendour of the metropolis, and its institutions for Year, and to illustrate in poetry the circumstances The work seeks to combine the advantages of a religious worship and for charity, the book will be a under which they began and contiuue to be celebrated, manual of historical authority with those of an an- sad one indeed. One is surprised to find waste of and the principal ideas and doctrines which they thology of verse applicable to the seasons which have charity 'ranked as amongst London's deadly curses. severally incorporate. Whatever authorities promised been already systematically celebrated (to exclude Buton reflection it seems a right classification to throw light upon any question of historical interest the mention of any but departed names) by Wither, London does find its charities & curse.' have been consulted indifferently and at first-hand; Ken, and Keble.
[Nearly ready. whilst the sclection of illustrativo poetry has been so
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into immediate operation as regards the land in Ireland. ITALY AND IRELAND.
And, in order to do so with effect and success, they of course
desire the active co-operation of those political friends who The organs and advocates of philosophical Liberalism,- for sedition have been put into prison. And so they clamour or as it should be more appropriately termed superfine for the throwing open of the prison-doors. At a recent Rowdyism-are extremely and amazingly angry with the public meeting a certain Roman Catholic Clergyman waxed Irish Nationalists. No words can be too bitter: no condem- eloquent in the advocacy of this plan, delivering himself of nation too severe for the men who in the Emerald Isle are other lofty sentiments in complete harmony with the same. simply applying the very same principle of Rebellion, Civil According to the Times' correspondent, this Priest abused the War and Bloodshed which Mr. Gladstone so earnestly recom- Premier in unmeasured language. He called on the meeting mended some years ago for Italy ; when Victor Emmanuel, to “groan Mr. Gladstone, as he was fit for nothing else, cursed by his demoralized Ministers and ruffianly soldiers, spoke in contemptuous terms of the present of a pauperized operated on Parma, Modena, the States of the Church and Church to the Irish people, characterized the statements in Naples. In Italy Mr. Gladstone was successful. The the Premier's letters as “ falsehoods," denounced as calumny glaring mis-statements of his pamphlet, though thoroughly the assertion that the men whom Crowley (a Fenian who was exposed by that high-minded nobleman and eminent shot] represented, were enemies of religion and social order, diplomatist Lord Normanby, did their evil work. In fact so avowed that they had come “to that sacred grove to do great was the public indignation, which rose to, and remained reverence and honour to the spot consecrated by the life-blood at boiling point for some time, that the moral influence of of the immortal martyr, Peter Crowley,” and commended England most unhappily was thrown into the scale against him still further to the veneration of the meeting by the Law, Order and Authority. Rulers of peaceable districts, following statement :—“ Peter Crowley stood in that wood consequently, were robbed, maligned, and cast out of their bearing on his breast a medal and crucifix when he stood the territories. And an Infidel adventurer-the most wretched fire of British soldiers. And a miracle was there wrought. and unprincipled scamp who ever degraded the name of The image of the Redeemer on the Cross was defaced, and "Prime Minister,” i.e., Cavour—making a tool of his master, the fatal bullet struck on the medal. By that interposition of carried on the immoral work of Robbery, Riot and Revolu- Providence, the life of Peter O'Neill Crowley was preserved tion. So that prosperous and peaceful States were beggared till he received the Last Sacraments of the Church. Was by taxation and ruined by civil war. We know the melancholy such a man, on whom the Almighty wrought a miracle, to be story by heart. It made a deep impression on many. And held up and taunted as an opponent of religion? The best it has not been forgotten by the Fenians, who prefer to call / vindication of Peter Crowley, and the cause for which he fell, themselves and to be called “Irish Nationalists.
would be his elevation to eternal fame, while his slanderers The principle that was jabbered out by the “friends of would remain howling in obscurity.” This kind of comment Italy" -an omnium gatherum of Rowdies of all nations, and policy must be the reverse of pleasant to Lord Spencer, Mr. was that “ Italy shall be for the Italians." There was little Chichester Fortescue, and Mr. Gladstone. No wonder the sense in the cry, but there was much claptrap; and it effi- latter was melancholy over the Lord Mayor's turtle soup. ciently helped on the work of Disorder. Garibaldi the Because of all this, and of what it so truly aud truthpirate, who ought long ago to have been hung from the fully indicates, the Liberal newspapers are, of
course, yard arm of a man of war, was the hero of the unwashed, wild with anger, vexation and disappointment. When Mr. and their tool. How it all ended we know. The principle Butt, advocating the policy of the Nationalists—which on of nationality triumphed, and the demon of Revolution Liberal principles is a right and good policy, though it is not received the adoration of a bowling mob.
ours-reminded Mr. Gladstone of his shameful pamphlet Now this self-same principle is alive and active in Ireland. about Naples, the Premier grew exceeding wroth. The cue Agitators, following Mr. Gladstone's valuable instructions, was given to the newspaper-scribes who advocate Rowdyism are crying out " Ireland for the Irish.” They are dissatisfied to abuse Mr. Butt, and suppress his comments. And the with everything, including themselves, and hope in the abuse was forthcoming in abundance. The suppression, of course of such confusion, disorder and scramble to better course, followed. themselves. They have nothing and need much. They The Irish difficulty, however, is not settled yet. For at want the land without paying for it. In other words, present the British public is drunken with the wine of Liberal they desire to have robbery legalized. On Mr. Gladstone's fornication, and still spasmodically hiccups out “ Gladstone principle this, too, is quite resonable, quite right, very proper and Bright for ever.” But when the night of political and exceedingly just. For if stealing the property of the debauch is over, the morning may bring a return to sense and Most High can be legalized, a fortiori stealing from peers and soberness. landed-proprietors can be.
Now the ancient Church of Then those who have not yet cast off all respect for an Old Ireland—in order to consolidate the Liberal party—has been Book and a Divine Principle—without which social order is deliberately robbed by as keen and canting a Congress of impossible—may be led to acknowledge that 'the Fenian religious and political hypocrites as ever was assembled. This disturbances—unpleasant as they are—are a merciful and recent precedent, of course excellent and most appropriate well-merited punishment for a nation, decaying and growing for the Nationalists, is one which they reasonably wish to put I unprincipled, which stood by while Mr. Gladstone and his
allies publicly robbed the Irish Church, and neither had the noisy. A little while ago it was charmed with Dr. Temple, generosity to protect the defenceless nor the justice to punish and did not see its way to oppose him; at the present time, it the thieves.
is about to memorialize the Archbishop not to consecrate him, and to get up a tempest in a tea-cup. Though this policy is
both impotent and contemptible, it is exactly that kind of THE ENGLISH CHURCH UNION.
line to which waverers may now and hereafter point as indi
cating “ the valiant, noble, and magnificent stand” which The tone of triumph in which the active supporters of the was made in defence of Christian Trutb. English Church Union sang its praises a few years ago-when In London the High Church party, mainly in the hands of there were magnificent statistics and flourishes of trumpets-clever adventurers, or directed by brainless sentimentalists, is is altogether subdued now. The former song was in a sharp losing what little power and influence it previously possessed, and shrill key; the present wail is flat and plaintive-witness by the utter absence of any policy of principle by which men recent explanatory utterances from the energetic blowers of can act corporately, or successfully defend its position. We the penny whistles of Ritualism. And there is certainly good may regret this, as we do most sincerely, but the melancholy reason for the change. When the Society, using every effort fact stares anyone in the face who takes the trouble to look fair and unfair, to cast out the Conservatives from the Council, for it; and depend upon it we shall reap fruit which will be was unexpectedly successful, the obscure wire-pullers gloried found bitter enough to the taste before many years have in the Liberal triumph. Little did they think that in the passed over our heads. Men bury their heads in the sand, course of two short years their supposed triumph-in which like the ostrich, and refuse to mark the ever-augmenting an unfair balance was struck-would turn out to be an dangers which darken every threshold. A comprehensive alarming defeat. Few imagined that no less than 1400 view of our difficulties is never realized. Men live from hand members would retire from membership in that short period. to mouth. Public dangers are so multiform and complicated And yet so it has been. Men have come to see that what the that they turn away from them. The Clergy do not exactly far-sighted Tories who were ostracised clearly saw would fold their hands and sit still : but they banish all the leading happen, has surely come to pass. Notwithstanding the clever warnings around, by promoting auricular confession or by manner in which the various organs of the E.C.U. have hanging up oil-lamps in the sanctuaries of their Churches. managed their cause, the Society is dwindling in numbers and Unless a far different policy is adopted from that which is surely losing its previous interest, influence and power. It popular just now, the Church of England's tenure of existen ze has now no principle of coherence nor any unity of action. as a part of the One Family of God, will be considerably Dr. Pusey the Vice-President, and Mr. Brett, are long-winded in shorter than most of us imagine. The Irish Church, at their denunciations of Dr. Temple, while Mr. Wood the Presi- the first combined and united attack, fell flat like a dent, and Mr. Perry-who represent the Whigs and Radicals child's card-house. What is the bond of coherence, -take exceeding good care that nothing shall be done to not between Puseyites and Puritans, but between High inconvenience Mr. Gladstone. Carlton House Terrace telegraphs Churchmen themselves, on which we may depend in the to Burleigh-street what is to be done, and what is to be left future for a lengthened strain ? If any of our readers know undone, and the obedient and docile do their duty of obedience of what it consists and where it is to be found, we should be with hearty devotion and genial good-will.
glad of the information. For, to be honest and plainspoken, This is all very melancholy. The country Clergy who we have as yet failed to discover either. belong to and support the organization do so because they The E.C.U., from which we expected so much, which prohave hitherto believed that it would honestly and faithfully mised so well, which was so magnificently eloquent in the defend the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England. pledges of its supporters, has not only faltered contemptibly : Now we defy any member to tell us what single beneficial it has ignominiously failed. From the evil day on which Mr. work it has done during the past twelvemonths. What Wood, Mr. Mayow, the Dean of York, Mr. Radcliffe, Mr. Erastianism has it attacked? What practical evil has Perry, Dr. Pusey and others resolved that the Tories should, it removed ? What Liberal scheme of robbery has it at any cost, be turned out of the governing body, the E.C.U. opposed ? In a recent number of the Church Times, there has grown weak and vapid. Previously all political parties was an article, garnished with butter and honey, lauding the were represented with tolerable fairness, and it was not easy E.C.U.
to the skies, but its statements were so false and for an affectionate admirer of Mr. Gladstone to make it a mere fabulous (and the conductors, we regret to notice, appear to tool and organization for the Premier's convenience and behoof, have known that they were, for they suppressed Mr. F. H. Now, however, its policy is changed. Tories, whether in town Deane's letter setting them right in their mistakes), so that or country, are either severely snubbed, openly insulted, or no dependence can be placed on what the organs of the dexterously bamboozled. If one policy does not answer another
does. And though the Society has certainly gone a little too Just now, it has been discovered at the most recent meeting far as regards wisdom in its recent grand patent-Liberal and of the Council that the country Clergy are deeply and pro- Temple policy, there can be no doubt that it has rendered foundly indignant at the tone which was taken in the Temple most efficient help to the Bright and Gladstone Government, Case. Men of mark and intellectual ability have plainly and that it will continue this blessed and benificent support, so threatened to resign unless an entirely different policy is at as long as the duped country Parsons continue so generously to once adopted. These malcontents have found rational provide men and money to carry on its questionable labours. mouthpieces in some of the least Whiggish of the members of the Council, who to their credit spoke out very plainly. The discussion is said to have been most vigorous, but, after
Reviews of Books. two or three clever attempts to shelve the question a second time, by Mr. Gladstone's most earnest allies, it was found that THE SEVEN CURSES OF LONDON. By James Greenwood, the pretence of doing something—though, of course, practical the “ Amateur Casual.” London : Stanley Rivers and Co. action is now too late-must be made, or else it was clearly We have read this extraordinary book with the deepest seen that the Union would very speedily collapse. So now interest. Written in a “rough and ready," and often inelethe Society, most reluctantly, with very wry faces, and in the gant style, it is equally characterized by so much power, worst humour, perpetrates a complete summersault. Before it common sense, and genuine kindliness, that the talented was black, now it is white. Before it was dumb, now it is I writer both wins our confidence, and enlists our sympathies.
The evils of which he treats are sevenfold ; and these to the ultimate destruction of soul and body. Those “ Gaffs," again he subdivides and classifies. They are as follows :- or low and obscene theatres, expressly designed for children, Neglected children, professional beggars, professional thieves, where all is acted in dumb-show, are described from pages 67 fallen women, drunkenness, betting gamblers, and waste of to 75 inclusive, and we are told that for the sum of one charity.
penny a poor child (who has been so far conscientious as to Before we consider the facts that are laid before us, we
ach, instead of existing by mere theft) will have may touch upon the writer's mode of handling his subject, his mind diverted from his miseries, and his ambition turned and prepare the reader for seeing things called by their right into the very worst channel, by exhibitions of highway names, however painful the theme of which he may treat. robbery, murder, drunkenness, and immorality of all kinds. Were his intention that of gratifying a morbid curiosity And it is found to be an indisputable fact that a hungry boy respecting disgusting crimes, and to vie with the brazen will deny his cravings for food to satisfy the still greater authors of many sensational novels, dressing up in craving of the mind for such-like exhibitions. attractive attire exhibitions of vile depravity, then indeed Another pit-fall laid for the corruption of children is the grossness of giving unequivocal names to evil things, described in the eighth chapter of these terrible revelations, and entering into minute details respecting the dens with the publication of immoral weekly papers, also at the low which he has become so conversant, would only merit the price of one penny. The author gives a list of no less sternest rebuke.
than twenty-three specimens of this kind of literature, which Pure-minded people turn with disgust from the paragraphs he discovered in one shop alone in Clerkenwell, grossly in our public papers that are defiled with tales of infamy; corrupt, and eagerly bought up by these poor little street and here we take the opportunity of observing that their Arabs. The too significant names of “The Black Knight of promiscuous publication is a point on which some reformation the Road," "The Boy Burglar,” “Tyburn Dick," "The is required. No object can be gained by corrupting the Mysteries of London,” “ Panther Bill,” “Tyburn Tree,” and minds of general readers with accounts of atrocities which “ Starlight Sall," tell their own evil purpose without further they may have neither the power nor the will to prevent. A comment on our part, the last-named perhaps excelling in the separate journal containing such information, and all police depth of its corruption, so that the worthy exposer of its vile reports, for the furtherance of the ends of justice, shoul:l be tendencies is constrained to refrain from more than a very the exclusive medium, and that an expensive one, by means limited description of its pages, plain-spoken as he is. of which those who desire to investigate crime for the sacred Another point to which he draws attention is the almost reasons which justify such researches may pursue the work of impossibility of realizing such an enormous sale, as that of a its repression, and alleviate the sufferings it has entailed. quarter of a million weekly, of these abominable productions, Thus no risk would be run of propagating vice, by familiar. excepting on the supposition that the sale is not merely conizing the public with it. For crime is undoubtedly of an fined to the poor wanderers of the streets, but that it extends infectious and epidemic character.
into the ranks of the better educated and responsible. Well In the case of the volume immediately concerned, the may the writer appeal to the more selfish feelings of the object of its publication must commend itself to every upper classes, since the poison may have already been secretly justice-loving, generous mind. We feel no sympathy with conveyed within the very precincts of their own homes. the squeamishly fastidious and mock-modest who, under such Then the question naturally arises, how can we urge severe circumstances as those which gave birth to a work of philan- measures for the repression of these “Gaff's,” and obscene thropic character, could take exception at its plain, uncompro- periudicals if, instead of holding up every species of crime to mising language, any more than we should sympathize with the public reprobation and contempt, we of the upper or middle preacher who, even to deliver a soul from its perdition, would classes amuse oursel.es with its representation, so gilded and not “ speak of hell to ears polite!” Like a skilful anato- elegantly cloaked as to hide its deformity and mislead the mist, the author lays bare the fearful internal disease which, young amongst us? Adulterous wouings and sneers at true like a cancerous sore, is spreading in all directions through religion, expressed in dulcet tones, and murder and suicide our enormous metropolis, to say nothing of the far-trailing made to appear heroic, romantic, chivalrous, so that the very roots reaching from end to end of the kingdom.
refinement of expression which alone could induce us to There have already been some good articles this year in the tolerate, not to say enjoy, such representations of rose-coloured Times, preparing us for the still greater exposure now made; and gilded crime, must tend to lower our own moral standard, and these articles have been reprinted in one or more of the and blind the eyes and mislead the judgment of the rising leading French reviews.
generation of our own class. But in addition to these grave The article to which we immediately refer is in the Révue considerations, another evil follows as a natural consequence Britannique, which winds up with the following shrewd of this vicious sel indulgence ; our hands are tied, and our observation, “mais en Angleterre, quand il s'agit de reformes remonstrances choked in our throats, when attempting to à opérer, il semble que ce soit toucher à l'arche sainte; et remove the mote in our poor brother's eye!” l'urgence ne parvient pas toujours à faire que nos voisins Of course we do not deny the difficulty of legislation consentent à se départir due vieux précept Festina lente, dont respecting the amusements of the wealthy and influential, and l'application d'ailleurs leur a tant de fois réussi.”
it might even savour of an illegitimate tyranny to prescribe a Turning to the first pages of the volume under considera- rule of universal application, by which all consciences should be tion we find that they relate to neglected children. "In rigidly bound. But the fact of the difficulty in no way absolves England and Wales," he says. “the present number under the the Government nor the public from coming to some decision and age of sixteen who are dependent on the parochial authorities drawing an arbitrary line somewhere. Let us restrict our own amounts to 350,000; that in the City of London alone cravings for excitement within the bounds of morality, both in 100,000 boys and girls are de titate of food, clothing, employ- our patronage of novels, and of theatrical entertainments. If ment, and guardianship; and that more than 100,000 are let evil, whenever represented, were held up to unequivocal reproloose from the various prisons annuilly, and turned alrift on bation, and “ bitter were not put for sweet, and sweet for the world.” And while on the subject of these homeless bitter," that exhibition of our moral plague-spots would tend little beings, and such may daily wander forth from dens rather to elevate than to depress our public standard of scarcely deserving such a name, to find a precarious main- virtue. Thus the judicial authorities would be aided in their tenance in selling papers and doing errands, &c., we may repression of the grosser entertainments of the ignorant, and notice the revelation of the pit-falls laid in their way, tending their most arbitrary measures commend themselves to the