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REGISTERED POR TRANSMISSION ABROAD.
No. 4.-Vol. I.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10, 1869.
CATHOLIC CHURCHMEN AND TORY POLITICIANS.
and every man's hand against him.” In fact, the High Church Radical has no allies political. The Radicals proper,
of course, use him as their tool, to be turned to temporary EVERY day's experience teaches us more and more accurately account just now, but to be kicked out of the way when his and plainly that five-sixtbs of all the difficulties that are now services are not wanted, and he is done with. All sound pressing for solution, have been brought about by the deliberate politicians mistrust him as slippery, un-English, not frank, neglect and open contempt of political truth. The great body double in character, and not to be depended on. He in of Parsons are either political Liberals or political Atheists. return writes of the Tory Minister as “The Jew Premier," With the Divine injunction upon them “Go and teach all and fondly hopes that if Mr. Gladstone gives away the big nations," they practically declare by their rotten policy that plums and rich sweetmeats of preferment to the most prothey are quite unable even to teach their own. With all the nounced sceptics, he may be graciously permitted to pick up advantages of an Established Church, with the endowments, the crumbs which fall under the table. The High Church privileges, rights and possessions belonging to the Church of Radicals will consent apparently to be hewers of wood and England, they have given up the work and come to despair of drawers of water to the Broad Churcb school, if only them the republic. Through their own supine indolence and selves can be permitted to sport in green chimeras and violet apathetic folly, they have arrived at the conclusion that their dalmatics, clouded in the choking smoke of bad incense. own country, as a nation, is lost to the Church. For this In years now long gone by, when, for example, Dr. Newman apparently is what they mean—if they have any meaning~ left us for Rome, if steady and united action had been when they cackle about disestablishment. They have at once taken so as to have secured some independence in the deliberately given up the people. Their attempts are con appointment of Bishops, this change might have been easily fessed failures. Their policy decays and rots away. Their effected. So with the reform of Convocation, Education, and hopes die out: their promises are never performed. This, the extension of the Episcopate. The Whigs would have in fact, is the exact position of that incongruous animal—the been against it of course, for the Whigs notoriously hate the High Church Radical.
Church as the Devil hates the Sacraments. The Liberals Now the neglect of political truth has told heavily on the would have been against it, likewise, for every Liberal rejects people of this country. Of old, in the days of the Stuarts, authority; and therefore on Liberal principles no one man down to the time of Queen Anne or George the First, the has any possible right, either Divine or human, to teach or Sermons of our divines were full of sound teaching. Public lord it over his neighbour. What Liberalism is in politics, events were discussed with freedom, breadth and ability. South, that Congregationalism is in religion. But the Tories, by Sarheverell and Edward Young, when they mounted the every principle they cherish, by every tradition they venerate, pulpit steps, had something to say worth listening to. They by every hope they entertain, are heartily at one with applied the eternal principles of Christian Truth to the Catholic Churchmen. Conservatives and Catholics have momentous events of the day; and hence were anxiously everything in common. Had both during the past forty years listened to in their utterances. Now-a-days, with half-a-dozen been true to their principles, the hateful spirits of Disorganizaexceptions—for the whole High Church party cannot boast of tion, Rebellion, Anarchy, Contempt for Authority, Insolence many more than that number of tolerable preachers—the to the Bishops and utter unpatriotism would have been swept Faithful get a hodge-podge of crude thoughts and undigested away to the region of “Liberal” Darkness and loathsome opinions, borrowed from the Italian, or else a rambling Discord. But as we have sown, so we must expect to reap. rhodomontade of hyper-superfine and contemptible mysticism; As we have made our bed, so we must lie on it. either of which, being unattractive and out of place, tends to Year after year the Guardian has been silently paving the way degrade the pulpit and weaken the preacher's legitimate for Mr. Gladstone's certain success and present policy. Every power. Men with undiseased minds are sick of such childish Thursday morning it has efficiently maligned the Tories and follies. As far, therefore, as the High Church Radical is con- be-lauded its idol. The very men who are now being pushed cerned, he has nothing to say upon the events of the time. forward for preferment—their reward—have anonymously He knows nothing about them and cares less. Church slandered the Conservatives with viper-like stings, and periodimillinery, pink petticoats, with pig's heads, and vegetable decora-cally lied before God and man; so that the trusting country tions for the rood-screen, and the questionable Revelations of Parsons might be detached from their old political allies. Over St. Ecstatica are the great subjects which he alone is able to the Rector's breakfast-table the mild discord of the Guardian's compass. Of patriotism, the duty of having and exercising a J's cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, dulcimer, and all kinds of public policy, the needs of the State and the demands of Chris- music” has sounded week by week ; so that, one after the tianity on the people, he is as ignorant as an unlettered child. other, men have learnt to look upon Liberalism as inevitable,
And while this has been his shortsighted course of action to adopt the Guardian's complacent tone of mind in contemever since Dr. Pusey led—or rather misled—the High Church plating Mr. Gladstone's ecclesiastical vagaries and political Party, of course no single difficulty which has been sorely summersaults, and so in due course to fall down and worship pressing on its members has been removed ; no policy of the golden image which has been set up. reform and reparation has been possible. This party, there. It is not too late for the indifferent and apathetic to turn fore, finds itself weakened, impotent, and internally divided over a new leaf and to amend their evil ways. The day of It is like Ishmael, “whose hand was against every man, I repentance has not yet passed by. Though almost every
practical difficulty that exists, exists because we have neglected We can only defeat them by united action. We must openly and exclusively to co-operate with the Tories, it is therefore, be organized. At last this is likely to take place. not too late to begin to do so now. There can be no doubt On a sound Tory basis, carefully declining the co-operation whatever that the establishment in several particulars needs of any who are tainted with the dark Liberalism of the amendment. Noamendment which either strengthens or renders present day, the proposed organization must be securely it more efficient can be looked for either from Whigs or founded. We must have no half-hearted Conservatives, like Liberals. For while they cordially strengthen Dissent it is the selfish managers of the Saturday Review, or sham Tories utterly contradictory to Whig and Liberal principles to like the Dean of York who voted to turn Conservative members strengthen the Church. The object of such people is to out of the Council of the E.C.U., but staunch hearty supporters weaken it, to defile it, to degrade it and to make its members of the policy of our lost and revered leader, men who have “an open scorn amongst its enemies." How well this has minds to think and hands to do. Then only may we reasonbeen done and is being done, let past and recent events tell : ably hope to awaken people to the dangers existing, or at all for Whiggery and Liberalism defile everything they touch. events to point them out. If after that, led by the ignis
Mr. Disraeli, the great and successful leader of the Tories, one fatuus of Liberalism towards the noxious bog of Ecclesiastical of the most far-sighted politicians that ever handled the helm Ruin, they find a certain destruction, only themselves will of the State vessel, has again and again given us an ecclesiastical deserve credit for having brought about the catastrophe. programme-than which nothing could be more thoroughly satisfactory. Nearly forty years ago he proclaimed identically the same principles as were formally enunciated in his magni- PROMOTING THE TRUE INTERESTS OF RELIGION. ficent speech in the Sheldonian Theatre. In “Coningsby we quote from memory-he declared that “the Crown was In Mr. Gladstone's Letter to Lord Shaftesbury, acknowledge robbed of its prerogative, the Church was controlled by a ing the Memorial of the Church Association against Dr. Commission, and there was an aristocracy that did not lead ” Temple's appointment to Exeter, the ugly leg and hoof are
—and again : “the Crown,” he wrote “has become a cypher, altogether undraped. There is no pretence at covering them. the Church a sect, the nobility drones, and the people drudges." We know to whom they belong and what they symbolize. How true is all this even now! brought about by a “ Liber- Here is the sentence in which the Prime Minister's intention alism ” as vile in its essence as it is pestilent in its effects. is set forth :-"With a sincere respect for the motives of those
If it be asked, as no doubt it will be, “ what has Mr. who are parties to the Memorial, and a full admission of my Disraeli done for the Church ?" we can answer that with own responsibility for the advice tendered to the Crown, I beg unswering fidelity to principle, with a foresight which is to assure your Lordship that that advice was not given withmarvellous, and with a tact and ability unsurpassed, he has out a full consideration of the topics urged in the Memorial staved off dangers and broken up oppositions which might and a firm conviction that the appointment of Dr. Temple to have done even more serious damage than we are now doomed the Episcopate would tend to promote the truest interests of to endure. As for carrying out a policy—the notion has religion.” been simply impracticable. No statesman can carry out a After this we do not want any voluntary testimonials from policy unless he has a majority at his back. Now Mr. Disraeli Dr. Pusey or Dr. Any-body-else as to Mr. Gladstone's personal has never had a majority. Owing to the disheartening apathy religion. His personal religion is not our concern ; for it is of the Clergy, owing to the consummate craft of the Guardian, of little matter to us whether he is a fire-worshipper or a as well as to the able manner in which the Liberals have made / Comtist. His public declaration, however, in which he their way into the most unlooked-for quarters with the sole expresses a firm conviction that the appointment of Dr. Temple and single aim of advancing their principles, the Tories have will tend to promote the truest interests of religion, is one been thoroughly over-manæuvred and consequently out that ought to open the eyes of Church-of-England people to generalled. The English Church Union—the most powerful his political needs as well as to our own present position. organization that has existed since the Catholic Revival-has Let these be looked at from every point of view, and then if been rendered entirely subservient to the Whigs and Radicals. the abject and degrading policy of the E.C.U. does not disgust It is now Mr. Gladstone's most obedient, most devoted and very five-sixths of its members, the salvation of the Church of humble servant. What Mr. Gladstone says that the English England is beyond the sphere of hope. Here is what was Church Union says. What Mr. Gladstone wishes, that is openly declared by the quarterly organ of the Infidels. This invariably wished by a majority of the two dozen persons who is what the Westminster Review said of the Essays and Reviews : “manage” affairs in Burleigh-street. The Tory seceders of -"From one end of the book to the other . . . . facts are two years ago, found this out then ; we are all perfectly aware idealized, dogmas are transformed, creeds are discredited. .. of the fact now. It is a melancholy fact; but still it is a fact. In their ordinary, if not plain, sense there have been discarded And a fact which cannot be denied.
-the Word of God, the Creation, the Fall, the Redemption, The reform in matters ecclesiastical which the Radicals Justification, Regeneration and Salvation, Miracles, Inspiration, desire is of course “Radical Reform.” They will pull down, Prophecy, Heaven and Hell, Eternal Punishment, and a Day loosen, root up, abolish, weaken and destroy. Dissatisfied with of Judgment ... a doubt thrown over the Resurrection and their present position, they fondly expect that out of disorder Ascension, the Divinity of the Second Person and the and disorganization, new laws and loftier principles will arise. personality of the Third. ... It may be this is a true view Theirs is a dream-a foolish, frivolous, fatuous dream. What of Christianity, but we insist in the name of Common Sense they want, or what they declare they want can be had now by that it is a new one. Surely it is a waste of time to argue going to Scotland. There is a “Liberal" country, Liberal that it is agreeable to Scripture and not contrary to Canons.” people, a Church “liberated” from State control ; Liberal Let us look, furthermore, at the craven conduct of the High Bishops-like the unconfined,lunaticin Argyleshire-preaching Church Radical press. Inspired by Mr. Gladstone's allies, the liberality, freedom, and all the multiform advantages of the conductors of the Ritualistic organs have simply and literally same. And yet our Radicals, (most of them Scotchmen, as thrown overboard all their principles and eaten all their words. has been pointed out in these columns), know better than to The people who have written against scepticism, now advo
do anything so foolish. The Skinners, the McColls et id genus cate Dr. Temple's nomination. One print which for good and L'omne intend to experimentalize on the Church of England; sufficient reasons first pretended to be Conservative, grown as
and if men here, who mark the threatening danger, do not coarsely Radical as the Telegraph, and far more vulgar, now rise as one man to prevent it, our day of grace is gone. writes exultingly as follows :-"The Temple controversy is being carried on under difficulties. With few exceptions the (June 21), “That in the opinion of this House there are more eminent of the High Church Clergy and Laity are more sufficient grounds for proceeding to a Synodical judgment upon or less in favour of the Crown nominee."
the Book," contained as many as four extracts from Dr. F. High Church newspapers which have advocated Church Temple's Essay, selected as worthy of condemnation. Vide independence crow loudly when “the Dean of Exeter, &c., Chronicle of Convocation, Lower House, June 18, 1861 ; pp. &c., with prayerful preparation, &c., &c., for the love of the 681, 684, 685, 686. truth of the Inspired Word, &c., &c."-votes for Dr. Temple ! | Thus we see, therefore, that Dr. Temple's Essay has been The blowers of the penny trumpets of Ritualism who have unquestionably condemned. What a contempt must he feel pretended to maintain the independence of Convocation, its for Bishops, Deans and Proctors who first condemned him, spiritual authority, and the importance of its vigorous action, and now, in order to do Mr. Gladstone's bidding, are ready now bid their deluded and blinded followers ignore its solemn to give him episcopal consecration and welcome him as a judgments altogether and side with the editor of Essays and guardian of the faith and defender of the Catholic tradition. Reviews. Surely, a fact like this must be patent even to the We are not surprised that Liberal and Infidel papers rejoice Ritualistic shopman-if any facts can be patent to the class. over the severe blow which Mr. Gladstone bas inflicted on the But our dangers thicken, because men bare so completely lost Church. They are most reasonable in so doing. Nor does it all faith and have flung their once cherished principles to the cause us wonder that the Editor of the Weekly Register, whose four winds of heaven.
wish is the father of his thoughts, can write as follows on the We must dwell here in order to prove our assertion-on subject :the action of Convocation, because it is a point of great “The Church of England, as an Establishment, cannot last; importance, which is conveniently passed over by the High its death-blow will be the nomination of Dr. Templo to a Church Radical prints. On June 21, 1864, a little more than Bishopric. Once that it ceases to exist, does the most sanfive years ago, the formal Synodical sentence of the Upper guine of those who hold the · Branch' theory imagine that, House of the Convocation of Canterbury was delivered in the as a Church, it will include within its pale all those who are following terms :-“ The Upper House of Convocation having
now there? Is it possible that, when the thong called received and adopted the report of the whole House appointed Establishment is cut, the bundle of sticks will not fall by them to examine the volume entitled Essays and Reviews, asunder? Can Dr. Pusey and Dr. Baring, Dr. Tait and Mr. invite the Lower to concur with them in the following judg- Liddon, Dr. Temple and Canon M'Neile, remain members of ment: "That this Synod, having appointed Committees of the the same denomination? It is utterly impossible they can; Upper and Lower Houses to examine and report upon the and the result, so far as man can see, will be a very large volame entitled Essays and Reviews, and the same Committees influx of Anglicans into the [Anglo-Roman Catholic Church.” having severally reported thereon, doth hereby Synodically What we do wonder is that those of the High Church party condemn the said volume, as containing teaching contrary to who profess to venerate the Church of England consent to the doctrine received by the United Church of England and
remain under the dominion of half-a-dozen fussy adventurers, Ireland, in common with the whole Catholic Church of Christ."" spiritual touters for the “Liberals," who pull the strings, --Chronicle of Convocation, p. 1683.
move the puppets, and make the proper noise which is needed ; The Lower House, even more earnest in the matter than the but who are surely rooting up our foundations and successUpper, concurred in the condemnatory sentence, as follows:- fully destroying our stakes. For no man in his inmost heart "That this House respectfully and heartily tender its thanks could hold that the Essays and Reviews can in any way be to his Grace the President and the Bishops, of the Upper made to harmonize with the dogmas of the Church of England. House for their care in defence of the faith, and that this if they can the Church of England is no Church at all, but House does thankfully accept and concur in the condemnation la transparent sham and a corrupt imposture. If the latter of the book by the Upper House to which their concurrence is to be corrupted and betrayed by traitors. poisoned by has been invited by the Upper House.”
heresy, and her nest be-fouled by a crew of dirty birds from So that the book itself, as well as the principles of the Germany and their allies, the sooner we get a sight of the book, was condemned. Moreover, let it be noted that the complete programme—the policy of destruction-agreed upon, Upper House in the resolution already quoted speaks of having the more easily we shall be able to act on the defensive, and " received and adopted the report of the whole House.” That maintain that which at once we so reverence and love. To Committee reports among other things as follows :-"That
know our real enemies, though in the garb of friends and the book contains false and dangerous statements and reasonings crying " Peace! peace! when there is no peace " is the first at variance with the teaching of the Church of England and step taken in a successful defence. deserving the condemnation of the Synod.”
"The grounds of their judgment are as follows:- They consider that a tendency to unsettle belief in the Revelation
Reviews of Books. of the Gospel pervades the book, especially on the following points :
I. A FEW WORDS ON REUNION AND THE COMING COUNCIL “The possibility of miracles as historical facts and the pur-1 AT ROME. By Gerard F. Cobb, M.A., Fellow of Trinity pose of miracles, as evidences of the truth of revelation, College, Cambridge. 8vo., pp. 79. London: Palmer, 1869. appear to your Committee to be absolutely denied in the fol- II. " SEPARATION” NOT “ SCHISM :" A PLEA FOR THE lowing among other passages. (Here follow the passages.) L POSITION OF ANGLICAN REUNIONISTS. By Gerard F. Cobb,
"The Committee regret to add that the argument of sDr. M.A., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Svo., pp. 47. F. Temple in] the first Essay (p. 24, 25), by denying the London: Palmer, 1869. probability of the recognition of the Divinity of our Lord in 1. It would have been well if these two pamphlets, printed the more matured age of the world, appears to them to involve in different type, though published within a few months of a similar denial of all miracles as historical facts ; for it is each other, had been rolled into one, and that Mr. Cobb, asserted that 'the faculty of faith has turned inwards, and their author, had taken more pains to set forth his first ideas cannot now accept any outer manifestations of the truth of in language which could not have been misunderstood. In a God'" (p. 24).- Chronicle of Convocation, pp. 1656, 1657. complex question of this kind the greatest accuracy of expres
To this may be added, that the original Report of the sion should be used to proclaim the most carefully considered Committee of the Lower House on the book, which was pre- suggestions ; for where these are wanting-as in the case sented June 18th, 1861 (and on which the House resolved before us-retractations, explanations, and apparent contradic
tions, have to come upon the stage afterwards, and the whole secure the proper means and agencies for mutual conference and reconmoral value of the novel proposition first set forth becomes
When we consider the magnitude of the interests involved in Reunion, materially weakened.
interests practically affecting the whole human race, is there not someMr. Cobb enunciates his own ideas on the subject of Cor thing sadly humiliating in all this contention over the preliminaries ? porate Reunion in the following passage :
No amount of supposed un-Catholic procedure on the part of the Pope Their attitude as Reunionists is a very simple one. Finding no satis
can prevent the Council being what it is, viz., by far the most valuable faction in that theory of Revelation which, whilst admitting infallibility
opportunity for a thorough investigation on both sides of these points
whereon Christians not in Communion with the Apostolic See differ to reside in the Church, nevertheless practically limits God's gracious
from those that are, that any existing organization (be it Catholic or the purposes in this respect to the first nine centuries, and supposes that the
reverse) could possibly offer to the Christian world. If we refuse to ecclesia docens has formally ceased to act throughout one half of the Christian era,—a half too which humanly speaking has witnessed in the
avail ourselves of it simply because we expect our Roman friends to
acquiesce in our view of things without any discussion whatsoever, we shape of religious doubs and controversies, as well as in the successive
shåll most certainly be acting a very foolish part, as well as taking a developments and growing needs of the natural mind of man, quite as
very heavy responsibility on our own shoulders. To decline to discuss imperative occasions for the voice of God to be heard on earth, as its
differences, until there are no differences left to discuss is, to use an apt predecessor : finding it impossible to reconcile this theory with anything like a reasonable view of the Church as God's organ of utterance to man,
though homely illustration, very like refusing to go into the water or with an adequate fulfilment of Christ's promises with regard to it,
until you can swim.
Again as to our being “un-Churched.” Is the fault here so entirely they have been led to regard that body which is in communion with
on one side ? Have we taken any such special steps towards obtaining the Apostolic See as in the fullest sense of the words the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. If, they say, God teaches at all through
from our Roman brethren a different determination of the question of
our lawful Church organization, as might fairly be expected of us in a His Church, that Church, as “the witness and keeper of His Truth,”
matter of such infinite importance to ourselves ? must be one identical body, continuously existing, patent and known as
The case stands thus." There is a communis sententia among the such in all ages to all mankind; it must be as a city set upon a hill, as
Bishops in communion with the Apostolic See to the effect that we a light placed on a candlestick, easily discernible at one glance by the
Anglicans have not retained the Apostolic ministry. Excepting in the eyes of the inquiring world: and that one body, as an organic society,
case of a few Anglo-Roman controversialists of the present day, who visibly One, visibly spread throughout the world (Catholic), and visibly
endeavour to argue the matter on other grounds, this communis sententia (i.e. demonstrably descended as one visible body from the Apostles of
is purely traditional, and owes its origin to a statement of the case our Lord—that one body the whole outside world with one consenting
which subsequent research has proved to be about as near an approach voice proclaims to be the Church in communion with the See of St.
to historical fact as the fable of Pope Joan. We profess on the other Peter. · The Holy Eastern Church as such, i.e. in its differentiating
hand to be in possession of documentary evidence amply sufficient to feature as one not in communion with the Apostolic See, its own title
reverse this traditionary verdict. Yet what have we done to lay it before deeds proclaim to be but nine centuries old. As such, therefore, she is
them and obtain a reversal? We surely do not expect them to “Church” not Apostolic. Her geographical boundaries again could hardly be con
us again by the light of pature ! Nor ought we to be surprised if they sidered at the outset of her individual existence as Catholic, neither has
construe the fact of our not having done this into a proof either that we she shown since that most unhappy separation such missionary zeal as
have no such evidence, or that we ourselves regard it as somewhat too would justify us in describing her as the Church of the whole world.
shaky to pass muster with their theological jury. If in a case of this As for our own Communion, i.e. in her differentiating capacity, as one
| kind our defence has not been forthcoming, what reason have we to separated from the Apostolic See, no one pretends for a moment to raise
| blame the Roman Episcopate if we suffer judgment by default (pp. 14-17). such claims on her behalf. If therefore we are to believe in a visible Church at all, and if the notes of the Church as given in our Creeds are 1 He records certain changes which have taken place here in to be construed in that sense, there can be no doubt as to what the One the direction of Reunion with accuracy and in well-chosen Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church is. Whilst on the other hand if
language. Thus :these notes are to be construed in an invisible sense, then the ordinary Protestant theory of the Church as “the totality of regenerate souls,”
| It is impossible to help recognizing this turn of the public tide and of the Bible as the one ecclesia docens, is as likely to be right as
towards reciprocity with Rome : it is equally impossible to stem it. Let any other. Neither history, nor logic, as it seems to them leave any safe
us take courage from all this to shake off our former very natural via media between these two alternatives. Those of us therefore who
hesitation and reserve, and openly and steadily to proclaim that we will hold this view are ready boldly and openly to profess our belief in the
have peace with Rome. We have now reached that point at which all Church in communion with the Apostolic See as the one infallible organ
diffidence, all compromise, all timid half-measures should cease. Let us by means of which the "faith once delivered to the saints” is preserved
hope to have seen the last of those prudential saving-clauses, those in its integrity, and (as each successive occasion may demand) emphasised,
neatly-balanced manifestoes wherein we have been wont to compensate illustrated, expanded, and applied for the benefit of the human race
what we protess to hold, with safe repudiations of what others hold, pp. 2-4).
or rather are popularly, yet most erroneously supposed to hold. The
times demand a simpler, stronger course. It is in the interest of the And as further explaining this view, and defending the Roman
whole Church of Christ, it is in the interest of political order, it is in the authorities for the line which has been popularly and generally interest of the peaceful civilization and harmonious development of the adopted as regards the Church of England, he writes as human race, that these estrangements in the Christian family should follows:
cease. Our cause is good. We have no need to be ashamed of it. Let It is said that the Pope has acted in a most un-Catholic manner; that
us frankly and fearlessly avow it to be ours (pp. 44-45), he has “un-Churched” us, and classed us with Protestants; that our Now, from these considerable extracts something of the Episcopate has been studiously and designedly ignored. But is this
tone of this curious brochure may be correctly gathered. To entirely the case ? and if it is, have we no share in the fault of it? or again, is there no other way of explaining the situation of things save
appreciate the full force of the theory and arguments, howthat currently adopted ?
ever, it should be read from end to end with its Appendices. Let us take the first charge. The Pope, we say, has acted in an un- Its speciality is distinct from that of any other writer. The Catholic manner in doing what he has done. This really means when founders of the A.P.U.O., Provost Fortescue, Dr. Lee, and we come to look into it that he has acted on his view of Catholicity, and not on ours. Could we, however, fairly expect him to act otherwise ?
Mr. Perry, are left miles behind in the background. Mr. Cobb Is our complaint against him reasonable ? Would it be allowed to be
is in the very forefront, saying all sorts of sweet things to the so in the ordinary relations of life? Should we for a moment admit it Papists, and handing them rich saccharine potions of butter to be so as against ourselves ?
and honey. He has just discovered that the Church of Rome, For how stands the matter? The Pope has a theory with which we disagree. He acts upon this theory, and we take offence and say he
that is, the Church in visible communion with the Pope, is ought to have acted thus and thus. But to say this is simply a petitio
the teaching Church (Ecclesia Docens) and that Anglicans principii, and brings us once more to a state of hopeless irreconcileability, ever since the Reformation have been, and still are, visibly and a permanently divided Christendom. It is the theory surely at separated from that Church, and form no part of it. He which we ought to take offence, not the action based upon it; and if this be so, why do we not take the opportunity which the Council
maintains, however, that somehow or other they are still part presents for endeavouring to come to some mutual understanding as
of the Church Universal ; notwithstanding that the Church regards the point at issue. If when an occasion presents itself for a | Universal and the “ teaching Church” are not identical. All discussion of differences we refuse to avail ourselves of it because the this he holds, strange as it may seem, in perfect good faith, invitation to do so contains that with which we do not agree—what states it charitably, and appears astonished that it is not possible hope is there of ever having those differences discussed and solved? We shall never come to an understanding at all unless we are so
generally accepted in the Church of England. Now, the ready to forget our quarrel for the moment in order that we may thereby I teaching Church, it should be noticed, may inherently possess
the power and right to teach, and yet may not exercise them balance himself on a perpendicular bodkin. Nothing can for a large number of years. Even on Mr. Cobb's pro-Roman possibly be gained in the long run, either by feats of inteltheory the teaching Church has not taught since the Council lectual Blondinism or by a mere one-sided glorification of of Trent; i.e., for more than three hundred years. If her Popery, more especially, as in this case, when Dr. Temple the power of teaching may be in abeyance and lie by for three apostle of scepticism is welcomed in the same breath as a hundred years, why not for thrice that period ?
suitable successor of the late Bishop of Exeter by an illogical For ourselves we regard Mr. Cobb's theory as clever, and inconsistent, but an intellectual and very readable writer. ingenious, but simply preposterous, and without any sound Finally, people will remark that Mr. Gerard Cobb is possibly foundation either in history or morals. The Church Catholic writing in the interests of the Ecclesia Docens and not of the is the Ecclesia Docens, nothing more nor less, and if the Ecclesia Anglicana antiqua. And it certainly will not be Church of England is not a part of the teaching Church, easy to rebut the charge. she is certainly not a portion of the Church Catholic. So vice versa. The argument lies in a nutshell, and does not want two minutes' consideration. Mr. Cobb’s cloudy theory
Literary Notices. is a mere theory-far-fetched, impracticable, and unworkable. It is not Catholicism, nor Anglicanism, but Cobbism—the In the Union Review for November (Hayes) the only article last“ new thing" in Anglican developments.
of first-rate interest is that on “The Future Council," written If there is to be Corporate Reunion on a basis which is from an extreme Liberal point of view, with accurate knowlikely to last, it will not be brought about by fulsome flattery ledge of the state and aim of parties, and with great discretion of the Papists, any more than by cringing to the common and critical ability. Mr. Bainbridge Smith's paper, mainly a herd of Protestant misbelievers. The balance must be held review of Mr. George Williams' recent publication, is curious fairly. We must look at all vexed questions as they appear to and readable, but the other contributions are dull; while outsiders. We must at the same time stand up for our the paper on “The Deprivation of the Marian Bishops” is rights, and not forfeit our ancient heritage whatever may disfigured by the use of low, slang terms—quite out of place appear the prospective advantage of so doing. If England in a theological review. “On Wilberforce's principle, Conhas to cry out Peccavimus, and nobody will doubt this, so has vocation would have a right to catch a murderer and order Rome. If one is to blame, so is the other. It is a perfect him to be strung up (!!)" is hardly dignified phraseology for waste of time, energy, and printing ink to saddle one side a presumably high-toned magazine. This kind of writing with all the wickedness and the other with all the wisdom; smacks too much of the vicious style being popularized by ona side with all the evil and the other with all the good. the cheap Church press. The “Literary Notices” are disAs long as the old National Church of England, which has figured, as usual, by epithets applied to Archbishop Manning, never been committed to heresy, is treated as Home and Foreign which persons of any refinement must be pained to read. Papists treat her, so long Corporate Reunion will remain a Their use is neither Christian nor just. dream. If the “Father of the Faithful" cannot or will not see how great a moral strength would be imparted to the The English reprints of Messrs. A. Murray and Son, taken Church of Rome by Reunion with both the Eastern Com- | as a whole, deserve our warmest commendation. Not the munion and the Church of England, on the basis of the dog- least interesting is a new edition, well edited, with a useful matic belief of the undivided Church ; if when Infidelity is ' memoir of the author, of John Selden's Table Talk-a book rampant he is bent on placing such difficulties in the way of of worth and weight. Reunion, by enunciating new dogmas and proclaiming the dirine nature of new principles, we must leave him to his foolish and short-sighted course, and put our trust in the
Correspondence. * Great King of all the Earth,” not the Pope, but Jesus Christ our Lord.
ARCHDEACON DENISON AND THE E.C.U. 2. Mr. Cobb's second pamphlet somewhat modifies and
SIR, I wish to state in your columns that I had proposed to myself
| to become a member of the E.C.U., assuming that the E.C.U. would not smooths down the rugged excrescences of his first. He has be found wanting in defence of the doctrine and discipline of the Church evidently given much thought both to the subject in general of England, as violated by the designation of Dr. Temple. which he treats, as well as to the numerous friendly criticisms I have been wholly disappointed so far as central action is concerned ; on his previous publication. But still his theories remain
and also in much of branch action.
The position taken by the E.C.U. appears to me to be one of selfcrude, and eminently unpractical. The Church of England,
stultification and contradiction. I have, therefore, been compelled not like the Orthodox Church, either is, or is not, a part of the only to withdraw my nomination, but to sever the quasi-association One Visible Family of God. If she is, and a large portion which has so long subsisted between the E.C.U. and myself. of the Rolers and Heads of the same Family, intend to meet
Very faithfully yours, GEORGE A. DENISON. under the protection and the Divine guidance of the Paraclete, for the peace, harmony and greater efficiency of the whole of ! SIR,—The announcement that a new organization is to be formed by
men holding sound principles is most gratifying. I fully intended last that Family's work, then the Heads of the English portion
non | week to have called the attention of your readers to the need of some of the Family ought to have been regularly, formally, and means of intercommunication, such as is now hinted at in your article. affectionately invited. Whether they would have gone is Though Mr. Urquhart tells us that the E.C.U. only requires to be looked quite another question. We write now of the invitation only,
| after by its Conservative members to keep it straight, I can assure him
from long and bitter experience, in and out of Council, that the time for and not of its acceptance. The fact that they were not
| doing so is quite past. It is very true that if Conservative Churchmen invited but that they were openly insulted by being classed some years ago had held aloof from the snare of Gladstonism they might with Non-Catholics, is sufficient to show the animus of what have got the E.C.U. to act tolerably well as well as an amiable but unMr. Cobb calls the Ecclesia Docens. If it be the Ecclesia
| principled individual does when strongly influenced by good associates),
principled individual does when
but that time is gone, and unless men are prepared to follow the leading Docens, and Mr. Cobb believes it to be so, it is open to
of Dr. Littledale, who certainly does assert that “Radical policy is the ang body to remark that Mr. Cobb ought to be taught by it. true policy for Churchmen," or of Messrs. Mayow, Perry, and others, who He should go to the R.C. Bishop of Northampton, not to the simply seem to believe that whatever Mr. Gladstone does is best, they Bishop of Ely. His apologies for not doing so, his counter- ought to consider whether they are justified in allowing their names to checks. snbterfnges efenses and far-fetched theories will remain as among the supporters of a union which, though of value in
| many ways, is only worked to aid the Gladstonites. I say this advisedly, surely never go down. A man cannot walk on the edge of a for it is surely not forgotten that when Mr. Coleridge first attacked razor, bind his neighbour's arms with a gossamer-thread, or the Universities the E.C.U. would not stir until it had been severely