Page images


" self

Ffoulkes publishes a Second Letter to Archbishop Manning. had to say with apparent gravity, telling me that you had not as yet He has been long silent under heavy and many provocations read my book on account of some unfavourable criticisms that it had -only fully known when the last page of this pamphlet is promising that if I would set down my difficulties on paper they shoulă read through : but we had little idea that the extreme feeble- be referred to persons of acknowledged learning and impartiality for Dess which had distinguished his literary critics and respondents consideration. was to be atoned for by conduct from his authorities simply To this, after a delay of more than six months, no answer unprecedented, and which, better than anything he may was given. On writing again, however, the Archbishop attempt, will in the end surely serve the high and holy cause replied as follows :of Peace and Unity to which he has so nobly devoted himself. I, and those with me, finding nothing in your papers that is not well The position which Mr. Ffoulkes took up in his two remark- known to theological students in Rome, are satisfied that there is no

matter which needs to be referred to Rome for consideration. I may able volumes “ Christendom's Divisions” was one which gave further add that to do so with a view to invite the Holy See to reconsider great offence to many Roman Catholics. The “Roman spirit," the whole course of its authoritative acts in so high a matter, would as we know from The Month, is very necessary to enable seem to imply either a want of accurate knowledge in respect to those people to read history, and quite essential for those who write acts, or a want of faith in its divine office. In the answer and paper it. 'Mr. Ffoulkes, however, is an Englishman, though a needless pain, by explicitly stating what I hope I have here expressed

which I sent you, I refrained as carefully as possible from giving you Roman Catholic, but is apparently wanting in this spirit, and with due regard to your feelings. boldly stated facts, leaving consequences to take care of them- And still more pointedly in the following passage selves. This action of his caused the gravest dissatisfaction. At the risk of giving you pain, I feel it now to be my duty to notice He had not kept back nor perverted disagreeable truths, nor passages in your two last letters on which hitherto I have made no had he slurred over unpleasant events. There were no sup- comment. You express your probable intention of addressing me on pressions, no one-sided glosses. He told the truth, and left this subject in public. But let me first set before you the possible conthe truth to do its own work. Hence he became a marked right to come to me, or to write to me, as any other member of the

sequences of any public act on your part. You have a full and ample man. The Roman Catholic newspapers and reviewers ran- Church for help and satisfaction which it is in my power to give. In sacked the dictionary for expressive epithets to describe him. these private offices of friendship and charity I shall always be happy, According to them he is "ignorant,"

so far as my work permits, to render what service I can. But if by any “ very conceited,"

publication of opinions which are erroneous, you should introduce danger "only half converted,"

full of pride,

to the faith of others, or to the peace of the Church, you would lay opinionated,” “ a heretic," "full of literary ambition and the upon me an inevitable duty to take such public steps as may thereby worst kind of literary rancour," "ignorant of theology,” become necessary. This I fear could not fail to be of grave and painful “ notably obstinate," " persistently one-sided," "very foolish,” consequence to yourself

, and I would very earnestly impress upon you “notorionsly shallow," " inaccurate in thought," "a bad and the private difficulties of your own mind into public discussions dangerous

the prudence and duty of refraining from any act which shall transfer feeble writer,” and “perseveringly displays his known histori- to others. cal incompetence.” We should have imagined that a member To this Mr Ffoulkes sent a reply. In the meantime, eight of their own Church—to which he was welcomed with a loud days after the publication of the "First Letter," both the flourish of Papal trumpets about the year 1856—so character- volumes of “ Christendom's Divisions" were put on the Index ized, might have been peaceably allowed to lie by unassailed. at Rome on the 18th Dec. 1868, the Archbishop himself being But it was not so. When in a “Letter to Archbishop a sojourner there at the time. Two months afterwards, Manning ” he gathered together and summarized some of the during a correspondence between the author and the most leading parts of his previous treatise, –a letter in all respects Reverend Prelate, the " Letter” likewise was put on the Index, remarkable, but especially so for its great simplicity, marked after an explanatory declaration formally proposed to Mr. earnestness and unvarnished truth-Roman Catholic indigna- Ffoulkes, had been, with several modifications, practically tion rose to boiling point. This was the case mainly because accepted. From Rome, however, new and additional terms, of the indisputable historical truths set forth in the letter, and an abject retractation were demanded in a letter from but also because of the just remarks which were founded on Monsignor Nardi. them. The Dublin Review, the Month, the Tablet, and the Of this let Mr. Ffoulkes tell his own tale :Register were furious. An order had evidently gone forth from It was no surprise to me when in the first week of August you sent head quarters directing the conductors of these serials to leave me a message—your Grace shrank naturally enough after all that had facts and history alone—as their region was a dangerous passed b: tween us from putting it in black and white—to the effect locality ; and merely to heap vials of abuse on the head of their that unless my declaration included what it had been literally drawn up unfortunate writer of history. Such was the main plan of the you, countenanced its excluding till then, it would not suffice.

to exclude, and you had yourself by revising it in the form proposed to Anglo-Papal campaign. On the other hand, all the leading Only the manner of this communication remains to be told. A letter, newspapers, reviews, and literary organs of the country were or part of a letter-I cannot say which—was on August 6th read to me loud in their praises of Mr. Ffoulkes’ frankness and ability. Grace, stating that my declaration

had been pronounced defective by the

from Monsignor Nardi, in what official capacity I am not sure, to your His pamphlet, eminently remarkable in itself, became trebly Congregation of the Index for several reasons, and particularly for not so from the position of the writer. It went through fourteen containing any mention of submission to the judgment of the Index. editions of more than a thousand each, as is reported, in less He then proceeded in the kindest manner to sketch out for me such a than as many months--a feature unparalleled in Anglo- declaration as would be accepted, and which was purely general: a form

of submitting unreservedly to the judgment of the Index, and of Roman literature. What has happened since its

publication retracting all it condemned. This declaration, he was good enough to is recorded in this “Second Letter." Here Mr. Ffoulkes, as 'add by way of recommendation, would never be made public

, but would before, tells his tale with a simplicity and power greatly to be be stowed away in their archives ; and the only public notice taken of it admired. He lifts up the drapery and throws a little light Holy Father would then send me his blessing, and all further proceedings

would be “ Auctor laudabiliter se subjecit" in the usual way. “The upon the modus operandi in Roman Catholic causes.

We, would be stayed.” mainly by quotations from the Letter, will endeavour to follow

This proposition was sent by the Archbishop through athird his example :

person. To this the following noble answer was returned :The circumstances, briefly, which led to the publication of my The more I reflect on the point pressed upon me by your Grace at our pamphlet,“ The Church's Creed or the Crown's Creed ?” were these : last interview, and previously through -, of submitting myself to the Oo November 20, 1867, I sought an interview with your Grace, as my judgment of the Index, the stronger and more insuperable I find my Bishop, on the subject of some grave difficulties, as they appeared to objections in conscience to be to such a step. One of them, as I thought it me, by which I had been confronted in my enquiries into the history of my duty to intimate to your Grace some months back, is founded on the the schism between the Latin and Greek Churches, forming the subject written laws of the realm : and to those laws, I must beg your Grace to of the second part of my book called " Christendom's Divisions," which understand most distinctly, I shall not fail to have recourse for protection had then been published six months. Your Grace listened to all that I and redress in the event of any pains or penalties of any sort being imposed on me for non-submission to it. Possibly the authorities at be made public after my pointed allusions, its author may possibly be Rome might be unwilling to press their sentence so far, if they were aware induced to defer to your wishes. that any steps taken for enforcing it if resisted, as in this case, would

And so we have done. Our imperfect analysis and account entail a conflict with the laws of England. On the other hand, should they have foreseen, and be not indisposed to face this contingency, your of the treatise is very inadequate, for we feel confident that Grace will not object to supply me with the means of having it fairly the great majority of our readers will at once procure it for tried early next Term. But even if I appealed to he statutes of the themselves—which we strongly recommended them to do. realm in vain, my objections to submit to the judgment of the Index would remain as strong as before : so that if they are to exclude me from while tendering our sincerest respect and sympathy for Mr.

For ourselves, we should be wanting in our public duty, if, duty, my Lord, without swerving, by all means : and I will do mine : Ffoulkes under his severe trial, we closed this notice without and believe me to say all this without a breath of rancour or disrespect : a plain and practical suggestion. Some people hold that and to subscribe myself as heretofore, &c.

passive suffering ” is a certain path to an eventual triumph. Soon after the receipt of this the Archbishop concluded the It may be so. But most truths have at least two aspects. business with the following communication :

Mr. Ffoulkes is a leading public character in the Anglo-Roman I have thought it better to allow a time to pass before writing again. Church, and has grave duties to perform, such as he, and I do so now with great sorrow, having only one course open to me. others like him, can alone adequately compass. The fearful

At Easter and at Whitsuntide, I was able to hope that all ban between and timid look up to the true and brave. Let him present you and the Holy Sacraments was morally removed, or at least in himself at the altar of his Parish Church, notifying to the process of removal.

Your last letter takes away this hope: and I have no choice but to parochus his intending approach: and should communion be make known to you that, until the scandal caused by your pamphlet is refused, let him at once compel this official to explain before repaired by submission, no absolution can be given. The sorrow with which I write this is very, great : and I pray God Catholic is condemned unheard, and at the same time teach

an English tribunal of justice, on what principle a Roman the time may speedily come when I may have the consolation of seeing you restored to the Holy Sacraments. For this I will daily pray with his rabid persecutors that a man's character, fair name and all my heart.

fame, although he chance to be a pure-minded, honest and And so the matter stands. Because Mr. Ffoulkes, without honourable Papist, may not in England be fly-blown or blasted previous notice, unheard, undefended, and in his absence, with impunity. refused absolutely to regard the officers of the Congregation as to all intents and purposes infallible (for this, when dust and

Literary Notices. cobwebs are blown away, is practically the real point), he is cruelly denied the Sacraments, and shamefully branded as a To some the new edition of the late Bishop of Exeter's heretic. Here is a tyranny which has done much, and appears Letters to Charles Butler (Murray) will be acceptable, as one likely to do more, in weakening the hold of the Roman of the most brilliant of his Lordship's earlier publications. Catholic communion on the educated men of Europe. Here But its tone and type of argument are altogether those of a is an injustice which ought to make the defenders of such a bygone age. On both sides so many political and other system verily hang down their heads with shame.

changes have been made, that the respective positions of the Of the concluding part of the “Letter” we have no space Churches of England and Rome are greatly and permanently adequately to write. Suffice it to say that its author states altered. Bishop Doyle was the very antithesis of Archbishop his case, and defends himself with his usual ability and with Manning, as was also Mr. Charles Butler of Dr. Ward ; while even more than his customary charity. Similar cases of the Anglican communion has been steadily rising both in injustice in the past are briefly considered, and direct refer- sentiment and Catholic character. The volume before us, by ence is made to three examples of unparalləled one-sidedness, no means of a mere ephemeral influence, is a conclusive which recently occurred (1) The condemnation of the evidence of Bishop Phillpotta's great argumentative powers ; A.P.U.C. based on ex parte statements glaringly false, wrought while his later Letters, especially that to Archbishop a great work in England. It showed that judgments at Rome, Sumner, prove him to have been a clear-headed theologian, botched up by persons having the slenderest knowledge of a masterly tactician, and a writer of pure English. His facts, are not morally worth the paper on which they are

name and labours will live. written. It showed, too, the exceeding great power of those who have obtained “the Roman spirit" in dealing with We have received Counsels on Holiness of Life, translated England and Englishmen. (2) A second subject referred to is from the Spanish of Luis de Granada, together with a Life the proposal for a Catholic College at Oxford, snuffed out of the Author (Rivingtons). It forms the third volume of some years ago by officials at Rome who not unnaturally dis- the Ascetic Library, for which we are indebted to Mr. Orby played an ignorance of our customs and country, which would Shipley. The brief sketch of the life of Luis de Granada, have disgraced a peasant of the Abruzzi. (3) What is stated wbich is most edifying and interesting, is, we are informed, with regard to Dr. Newman must be quoted at length :- abridged from that written by Mora. with additions from

Whether your Grace knows anything of the remaining intrigue to other sources ; while the text, with the omissions, which we which I shall allude, it is not competent for me to say: the intrigue, or regret, of some illustrative anecdotes and stories, claims retirement and inaction one of the master-minds of his age ; when for faithfully to represent the original. The book is one of great the genius with which God has blessed him, and the influence which he value and merit, displaying the learning, devotion and many wields over countless multitudes in all communions-above all, for the graces of its saintly author in the dignified, eloquent and crisis through which we are passing-he ought to have been raised aloft forcible manner in which, making use of strong and peron a pedestal as the St. Bernard of Europe. Characters that it takes suasive arguments, he recommends to others the practice of ages to produce, we should make the most of while we can: therefore, when they are condemned to unmerited obloquy year after year, of their virtue, contempt for the world, and attainment of holiness of mature prime, it becomes a national, if not a world-wide calamity. life. It cannot fail to be of much service to many both as Now I have seen and read a pamphlet written by one scarcely his inferior a book of spiritual reading, and a help to meditation. The in ability, and full his equal in honesty, detailing this intrigue from Editor has done his work well. beginning to end, and disclosing such conduct in some cases—in one case comparable with the behaviour of Lady Nottingham to Lord Essexas would have made all concerned in it, however exalted their positions, Mr. Ranking, a young author of no mean promise, has colour crimson had it been made public. The noble nature that had published a new volume of Poems (Hotten), which is of conbeen assailed stepped in between this pamphlet and the world, just as it siderable merit. was ready for circulation : a presentation copy gave him the first tidings

Forcible and expressive in his diction, of what was contemplated, and he replied by telegraph begging that it careful and accurate in his choice of epithets and similes, might be suppressed. Should your Grace desire that its contents should he frequently writes with taste and generally with power. His style however lacks coherent uniformity. Both Tennyson cation, The Olive Leaf (Bosworth). There is a vast amount and William Morris have been his models. And this, though of curious information in it, not however at any time he is no mere imitator, “Uther” is incomplete—its subject intruded on the reader for the mere sake of display: while is the reverse of pleasant—and some other of the composi- its tone and general sentiments are eminently English and tions are too over-classical and Pagan to suit our taste ; while thoroughly conservative. It contains the record of a journey,, here and there, he seems not indisposed to descend into that or “pilgrimage," as its author terms it, from England to region of poetical sewerage where a well-known sensuous Rome, via Paris, Basle and Milan ; afterwards on by Ancona poetaster avowedly revels in literary filth. Had Mr. Ranking and Brindisi to Alexandria : thence to Jaffa, and so to Jerunever lost sight of the Christian principle and of good taste- salem. Throughout the whole journey the author's main such as are abundantly evident in certain choice and striking object was to ventilate the Re-union idea, which he did by poems,—his unequal book would have been of much higher personal intercourse with some of the most exalted dignitaries value. "Ave Maria,” “A Caged Lark,” and “The Death of of both Western and Eastern Churches, and by explaining to Cynewalf,” are striking for their power and originality, as is them the full force of the silent religious revolution being likewise the poem, first in order, " The Five Stars," which effected at home. There are very few volumes of modern we quote :

travels, though far more pretentious and spun out than this, The stars came sliding from the south,

which the head of a Christian family might with greater By one, by two, by three;

safety entrust to his children ; for both deep instruction and Of love on earth was full great drouih,

varied amusement are to be had from this attractive record of a And careless band to thankless mouth Set all the lewd menyie.

most interesting pilgrimage. To members of the A.P. U.O. and The stars came sliding up the sky,

the Eastern Church Association, if that once energetic sodality By three, by four, by five;

has not collapsed, we commend it, with hearty approbation. Each seeking if it might descry The palace where this King should lie:

The second edition of Mr. Miller's Singers and Songs of the The angels carolled blive.

Church, (Longmans) a great improvement on the first, evidences These stars since first the stars were born,

painstaking care, creditable powers of criticism and laborious They clustered all together Beneath the new moon's lower horn,

research on the author's part. Not only has he provided Like bees upon a summer thorn,

much original information of the Hymn-writers of previous When cloudless was the weather.

times, but has collected facts and records regarding living The first star was a star of red,

writers, which though brief, seem accurate, and will be It heard an angel sing,

acceptable to that considerable class which reads and enjoys This night a maid in oxen's bed,

the reading of personal history.
A queen uncrowned, a wife unwed,
Hath borne a mighty King.'

We have received from Mr. Macintosh a small volume,
The second star was bright and blue,
It heard a song above,

consisting of fifteen independent and well-written religious On Jesse's root drops down the dew,

tracts, entitled Church Seasons. Their general tone is excel• The budding rod hath bloomed anew,

lent: being at the same time sufficiently dogmatic and • All peace to men of love!'

unquestionably practical. The book, in its present form, The third was yellow for to see,

will be found useful for Parish Libraries, and for lending to It heard the voices tell,

the large class which, amid dense and pardonable ignorance, Now standeth in the gate the key, * The gates of glory open be:

having been brought up as dissenters, knows little or nothing * All hail, Emmanuel!'

of practical Christianity or religious duties.
The fourth it listened in that steven,
This star it glittered green :

Miss Brougham's Brief Meditations on the Collects, (Mozley) • The Wisdom hath come down from heaven,

is a thoughtful work, written generally in an excellent spirit, Now worketh well the saving leaven.'

and likely to be of some use in schools and families for reading Thus sung the choir unseen.

and catechizing. It is, however, sadly disfigured by a most The fifth star was a little star,

inadequate treatment of the Blessed Virgin, and her important A voice bespoke it low, Go forth into that land afar

work in the mystery of the Incarnation ; a blot on the book, •Where in the cave the slrepers are,

which evidences on the part of the author looseness of thought, • To guide the sleepers, go!'

inaccuracy of expression, and a very imperfect conception of The stars they journeyed in a ring,

the mystery of God manifest in the flesh. Some of the Into the north them gat;

statements are clearly erroneous. This chapter, and Above a cave they stayed to swing, Where rested first the white dove's wing

some other passages, ought to be carefully and devoutly On holy Ararat.

There were three sleeping in the cave,
The night seemed long to them,

All listening from their living grave,
The three who 'scaped the whelming wave,

Good Japhet, Ham, and Shem.

SIR,— Let me call your attention to Archdeacon Denison's letter in the
Then up they rose, and on they yode,

John Bull, in vindication of his recent remarks, which really caused some The stars went on before,

of us to doubt his identity with our brave, staunch old friend. He says A-glittering down the western road;

that the Church of England being threatened with an unfaithful Bishop The stars in Bethlehem abode

has to make choice between faithfulness and uniaithfulness to Christ, Above the stable door.

and proposes, if the Dean and Chapter of Exeter and the Bishops do not The stars they shaped them to a tree,

resist this encroachment of the State that we should see whether faithSlid back to southern lands:

fulness cannot be obtained by separation of Church and State. This They bend above the Peaceful sea,

seems to me to be merely enunciating, in another form, what the For head and burdened body three,

Gladstonites have been long pressing on us that the Church will be better And two for blessing hands.

off, stronger, more pure and faithful, when separated from the State.

But what ground have we for the assumption. Does the Archdeacon A very charming volume, remarkable for its religious sim- is the net still to hold the good and bad alike until it be drawn ashore ?

to draft into the new Church only those he considers faithful, or plicity and earnest sincerity, is Mr. Wyndham Malet's publi. If it were possible to persuade all who now are members

[ocr errors]

of England to agree and separate from the State, the evils would be tary, Mr. Hope Johnstone, were Scotch, and so are the greater part of great in the loss of influence over the irreligious masses left behind, but its present leading promoters and supporters. Of the Council Mr. to split off a part or party from the present Church of England seems to Charles Skinner, Mr. Mackonochie, the Hon. H. Douglas, Mr. C. Anderme an error and a sin against which we must pray and strive with all son, Lord Glasgow, Lord Forbes, Mr. Shaw Stewart, and Mr. Galloway our might.

Cowan. Such had far better operate on the Scottish Church than play Surely, even if Bishops be found to consecrate Dr. Temple at the experiments on the Church of England, which are not at all wanted. command of the Crown, we shall not be in anything like so bad a state Reigate, Oct. 25, 1869.

A. R. FORBES-DAVIDSON. as portions of the Church have been in times past, when History tells us of Prelates in the middle ages who not only believed nothing, but led

[Our correspondent has been misinformed. Mr. McColl neither forced grossly immoral lives in practical evidence of their want of faith. Let himself into the meeting in question, nor did he in any way disturb it. us labour and pray as earnestly as we can that the Dean and Chapter

-ED. C. H.] may be brave and wise, resisting to the uttermost the unconstitutional

CHURCH AND STATE. dictations of the State ; but let us hold to our principles and not take up SIR, —" Amen” to your prayer to the Saints to preserve us from the regular High-Church-Radical formula of calling out for separation of Freedom from State Control.” Look at the “ Episcopal Church of Church and State whenever we see a difficulty in our way." That the Scotland,” for instance. Dare a Priest there do or say anything disseparation is only too likely to be forced upon us I am quite aware, but pleasing to his spiritual children? No. The children are to be taught I see no more reason in that for trying to bring it on than I see reason only such lessons as they like! The result of such a system is the to torture ourselves now because we know that in the last days, which same in spiritual as in mundane matters. There the Laity have assumed seem to be at hand, there shall be persecutions such as have not yet to themselves the powers of the law, and virtually order their Bishops to been. I am, Sir, yours faithfully,

put their commands into effect. Do the "offerings” of the smallest and Purbrook House, Cosham, Oct. 24, 1869. GEORGE J. MURRAY. wealthiest Church in Christendom flow in with a more overflowing

abundance, than God's portion, collected by the State, for the Church in DISESTABLISHMENT.

England? On the contrary, they are less in proportion than those of SIR.–Our position as a National Church should make many amongst any other Church in the Christian world. They make a great parade us pause to gather the true reason why the Clergy, as a body, have lost over the “ offerings” they do give; but the Church might well say, their legitimate influence in the body politic. For myself I am one of “Pay me that thou owest, and talk of thine offerings ’afterwards." If those, who, while they rejoice in the Anglo-Catholic Movement, regret the landowners of Scotland were not compelled to give the sum which that so many feel disposed to vote for a separation of Church and State. they now do, to the religion of the State, would they give it to any Whatever may be the supposed advantages of freedom from State con- religion at all? They themselves tell me No. When a dog stands upon trol, the disadvantages are very obvious. The position of the Church in his hind legs, we do not expect to see the performance well done. We America is not such as to form a model for sensible men : more especially are surprised at its being done at all. So, when the Church is dissevered when the ablest of her Bishops are ever lamenting her existing diver- from the State, we do not expect to see it flourishing: We are surprised gencies from the Mother Church. The Church in Scotland, nearer home, at its continuing to exist. (For though “ The Catholic Church” cannot is at once an example and a warning. All the evils of the Church in die, a national branch of the same easily might do, and frequently has England are intensified in Scotland ; there is tyranny, apathy, deadness, done so.) We cannot look at any country in Europe in which there is a sectarian jealousy and personal ill-will

. And to crown these evils, there flourishing Church that is noi connected with the State. Many have is no pretence at Church extension—a principle which is looked shyly at questioned the justice, but none the wisdom of Constantine the Great ; by many and discountenanced by more.

and he was the first to “establish ” religion. The law protects Bishop If those really able to give a true account of the Scotch Church would and Beneficed Priest. It settles what is and what is not "oppression, set it forth, a great blessing would be bestowed upon many superficial what is and what is not a " lawful and godly monition," on the part of dreamers who dream of a Utopia which Mr. Gladstone is to create.

the former, and it obliges "obedience" on the part of the latter. Were Yours faithfully, PREBENDARIUS LINCOLNIENSIS. it nct for the law of the State, where would the Catholic Clergy now

be, who are under the “fatherly protection” of Low Church Bishops ? DP.. TEMPLE AND LESSING.

Thank God that there are fewer than there were, and that the Church SIR,-- I was astonished at seeing Lessing called by one of your corre

of England, which sixty years ago was “Low” in every sense of the spondents, apropos of Dr. Temple’s essay on the Education of the word, has now been leavened throughout by the Catholic Revival. World,” an obscure German author.” Í should be sorry to see general Then woe be to the Clergyman whose wife disagrees with Mrs. Proudie,

Where would an unpopular Priest be, “High” Church or "Low?" literary subjects so discussed in the CHURCH HERALD, but to hear Lessing, offends the Squire's lady, or forgets to bow to the shopkeeper's wife! who after Goethe has done more to awaken the German mind than any He would be convicted of heresy, and voted out in a week! The other writer, the author of “Emilia Galotti,” “Nathan der Weise," and "Laocoon,”' called “ obscur,” argues such ignorance of him and of his Free Kirk. The Primus has just said, in describing the new Chapter

Episcopal Church of Scotland” is copying the government of the influence, that it ought hardly to be passed over. I have not all Lessing's that he is forming, that it is to consist not only of a Provost and four works by me, but I will compare his essay with Dr. Temple's at the first Canons, but also of a Lay representative

of the board of management,” somewhat, if not quite, similar title, and I do not think any writer need also that the Laity are to speak and vote in Synods. They are copying be ashamed of getting ideas from either him or Lessing.

the worst points of the Free Kirk, who, when they had severed themYours faithfully,

R. C. S. W.

selves from the protection of the State, had to call in that of the Laity. New Inn Hall, Oxford, Oct. 25, 1869.

But in order to obtain it, they had to give them a voice in everything.
They had to allow them to dictate in matters of ceremonial, to adjudicate

in matters of doctrine, and to elect their own ministers. They have THE E.C.U. AND DR. TEMPLE. SIR,-As a humble and most unworthy member of the E.C.U., though stein, tremble before the monster of their own creation. They have

formed a monster between Priesthood and Laity, and now, like Frankenunattached to any branch, may I venture to ask the President and Secre- exchanged the law of the land for the law of their own congregation. tary, publicly through your columns, whether the appointment to Exeter I have known of a Free Kirk minister, whose congregation (and, conby Mr. Gladstone is not one in which they are bound to see that the sequently, his income) left him. But, in the nick of time, a female friend Union - defends the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England.” told him the reason, and he at once removed the cause of dissatisfaction. If they are either in doubt on the subject, I venture to recommend them The ladies had been scandalised by his wife and children appearing at to Dr. Pusey, their Vice-President, who may be able to solve their doubts, Kirk in scarlet cloaks. They have arrived at that point which the and tell them exactly what to do. Further, if they receive our subscriptions for undertaking to do this claim the commission to “Go teach all nations." They “Go argue with

Episcopal Church of Scotland is rapidly approaching. They do not work and don't do it, are they not getting money under false pretences? them.” The Episcopal Church has further copied them (as in the case This is another case of conscience which Dr. Pusey might likewise of Lord Rollo), in sending upordained persons to preach. In both solve.

P. J. W.

bodies the “ teachers,” like a carpenter's apprentice, prepare their work Trematon Cottage, Plymouth, Oct. 24, 1869.

for the Laity to approve or condemn. Look at their competition

preaching matches, when a vacant Incumbency is to be had ! WHO ARE THE EXPERIMENTALISTS ?

The Free Kirk, like one of the long-haired terriers of Scotland, is a SIR, I congratulate yon on the high and dignified tone of the CHURCH' confused mass, of which it is impossible to say which is the head, or HERALD, which is sure to win its way to respect and influence. Though which is the tail; which are the teachers, and which the pupils; which of Scottish extraction myself I write in order to corroborate the truth of are the law-givers, and which the law-receivers—a state the ** Episcopal your statement that the leading agitators for Liberalism and disestablish- , Church " is rapidly approaching. ment in this country are Scotchmen, who, as they dislike the principle, If the High Church Radicals have no better prospect to hold out to would be more at home and in place in the unestablished Scotch Church. us than a condition like that of the “ Episcopal Church” of Scotland, Mr. McColl and Mr. Skinner, who disturbed the meeting to oppose Dr. they must not be surprised at our preferring that State protection which Temple's appointment, are countrymen of mine, as, in truth, is Mr. our brethren of the "Episcopal Church” sigh after, and so deeply envy; Gladstone himself. Then the English Church Union—so disappointing Have our Radical friends ever paused to consider what would become of in its work has been, and is, mainly managed by Scotchmen." Its first the villages and hamlets throughout the country, which are now ministered secretary, Mr. Ramsay, its first president, Mr. Lindsay, its second secre- to by so many hundreds of the Clergy of the Church of England? To remove the Clergy would be nearly as dangerous a measure as to remove the police. The country poor in Ireland are chiefly Roman Catholics,

Fragmenta et Miscellanea. and the disestablishment of the Irish Church will not leave them destitute of religion. But were the English Church disestablished and disendowed to-morrow, these many hundreds of Clergy, now scattered over

No. 1.- THE ATTESTATION OF SEVEN ARCHBISHOPS OF the villages and hamlets of England, would be withdrawn, and the

THE GREEK CHURCH RESPECTING THE DOCTRINES OF country people left without any religion whatever. Should not a THEIR COMMUNION. Christian nation have a Christian national religion ? Authority comes, “ In vain they seek the truth who do not derive it from Evangelical not from the “ Will of the People,” but by the “Ordinance of God." sources, but froin their own reasoning and the principles of a vain philoElse, what a sham our Coronation and other National Services ! Once, sophy. By this mode of proceeding they attain not the end which they members of Parliament were all communicants of the English Church. have in view, but involve themselves and their followers in precipices. Now, Parliament is composed, to a considerable degree, of Jews, Infidels, This we see verified in the French Calvinists, who, inflated with vanity and heretics. But is that a reason for severing Church and State?

As and presumption, impudently caluminate our Oriental Church, and well might we wish to do away with all marriages, because some had not audaciously attempt to impose upon us the blackest impostures; every; kept their marriage vows !

where publishing that our Church accords with their opinions, and I remain, Sir, yours faithfully

approves of their novelties. Whereas, the fact is, that their absurd and CHARLES G. C. DUNBAR.

extraordinary opinion touching the Sacrament of the Eucharist, and VULGAR WIT.

some other points, has been positively rejected by particular Councils SIR,—If your better judgment thinks it well to put on record the at Constantinople, and condemned as un-orthodox and unknown to the following specimen of • High Church Radical” wit--as vulgar a speci- Oriental Church. Wherefore, having been requested by the Marquis de men as it ever was my lot to read-I shall be thankful. It was cut out Pointel, Ambassador to the King of France, to state our true and sincere of a recent copy of the Church Review or Church News, I forget judgment of the articles proposed to us: we, the undersigned, what which, but they are said now to be the same concern. If the bad spirit thought proper to accede to so reasonable a request, and to testify have and temper of this clerical writer be that which is likely to extend, I are the real sentiments of the Greek Church as to the following points:shall wish for the old days over again, before all the present innovations “1. With respect to the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, we hold came in. At all events, when I was young the Clergy were gentlemen : that the living Body of Jesus Christ, who was crucified, who ascended now many of them are But in charity I refrain.

into heaven, and who sits at the right hand of the Father, is truly preYours obediently, A CLERGYMAN WHO IS A MAGISTRATE.

sent in the Eucharist, but in an invisible manner. Oxford and Cambridge Club, S.W., Oct., 1869.

"2. That the bread and wine, after the invocation of the Priest and "The Squarson patronizes the people, and often snubs them. Very the consecration, are substantially changed into the true Body and Blood likely he is, as well as the Squire, à Justice of the Peace, and he fines of Jesus Christ, and that the accidents which remain are not bread and and imprisons his people for snaring the game on his estate. His wife

wine in reality, although they appear to be bread and wine. and daughters are fine ladies, who seldom, if ever, go near the cottages;

"3. That the Eucharist is a sacrifice for the living and the dead, and if they do, they go in such a condescending manner that the people, established by Jesus Christ, and which the Apostles have left us by to use their own words, .wish them at Jericho.' The Squarson him

tradition. self seldom visits any of his people except the squire, and he always

“4. That the impassible Body of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist, is takes the Squire's part if any of the people complain of his conduct. eaten whole and entire by those who receive it, whether they be worthy He never consults the farmers about anything, and never asks them to

or unworthy. The worthy receive it for their salvation, the unworthy the Squarsonage ; and his wife and daughters elevate their noses at the for their condemnation; and that it is immolated without effusion of wives and daughters of the farmers and tradesmen. All this is bad blood, and justly adored as God. enough, but what makes it doubly hard to bear is the knowledge that

5. That the Church ordains fasting and abstinence from certain kinds

of food. the money upon which the Squarson and his family cut such a dash is the Church's money, and given to him that he may do the Church's

." 6. That Christains have a particular veneration for the Blessed work. The people fail to recognize the necessity of the handsome Virgin, called Hyperdulia, and that they honour the saints in heaven, phaeton and pair in which the Squarson drives the Squarsoness and her without

any prejudice to that adoration which

they owe to Jesus Christ. daughters to the county town, and to the houses of the neighbouring

7. That we ought to shew a relative honour to the images of the Squires and Squarsons; nor do they see why the bonnets and dresses of Saints, but not to worship them with that supreme honour which is the ladies at the Squarsonage should be as fine as those of the Squire's

called Latria. lady. They are apt to make a kind of arithmetical exercise, and to esti

"8. That we ought to honour and respect the saints, as having mate at its market value the amount of work done for the Church by suffered for Jesus Christ. their Squarson. They know that a Carate in the next village does much

“9. That, by the established order of God, Bishops are superior to more work for £100 a-year, and they think this is quite enough for the Priests, who receive the Divine grace by their ministry. amount done by their Squarson, which consists of what is called

“10. That Episcopacy is essential to the Church of Jesus Christ. in Squarson language two full Services on Sundays. The occasional

"11. That the Catholic Church, built on the foundation of the school-treats, the soup and wine (which, to do the Squarson justice, he Prophets and the Apostles, Jesus Christ being the chief corner-stone, will dispenses more freely than the Squire), may, perhaps, cost another £50; always be visible and infallible. and taxes, &c., £50 more. Wishing to be liberal, they throw him in his

“12. That baptism is necessary to all children the faithful, in order Squarsonage rent-free. Thus, supposing the value of the “ living

to be saved. to be £600 a year, £200 is spent for the Church, and £400 for the world ;

“ 13. That the rows of Priests and Monks, and the prayers they offer, or, in other words, one-third of the amount goes to the Parson part of are agreeable to God. the compound Squarson, and the remaining two-thirds to the Squire

“14. That the books of Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, part, i.e., the average Squarson disendows the Church of two-thirds of and the Maccabees, make a part of the Holy Scripture, and are not to be the amount of his Benefice !"

rejected as profane.

** 15. That the Oriental Church acknowledges seven Sacraments, which

she has received by tradition. RADICAL REFORM IS RADICAL DESTRUCTION.—While Messrs. Forster

"We, children of the Oriental Church, do sincerely believe all these Gladstone, and Bright are engaged in the work of dismantling the gar- ! things, and willingly make an open profession of them, as having received rison of Canada, remarks the Canadian Volunteer Review, and are thus them by tradition from the Holy Fathers; and they who entertain condoing the best they can to bring about the dismemberment of the trary sentiments are in a dangerous and pernicious error. Moreover, in Empire, a gallant officer of the 13th Hussars thus writes to us from his the jury which possesses them, they impudently speak against our orthodox quarters in England:- On leaving Toronto we all felt that we were confession, and against the Greek Church, as if she had abandoned the usages leaving our hearts behind us, when we bade you good bye ; and the and tenets of our ancestors; whereas she has sanctioned and confirmed sting was greater when we thought that many of us would never have them by her Synods, viz., by that at Constantinople under the Patriarch the good luck to meet you again. We can only curse the misfortune of Beræa, and soon afterwards by another under Parthenius, when the that has placed a Gladstone and a Bright at the helm of the State, to infamous articles, under the name of Cyrillus Lucaris, were condemned cause so dire a calamity to happen to us as the “route” for our return, and anathematized as erroneous, and favouring the novelties of the although cherishing strong affection for this the mother country. Calvinists. Such is the testimony which we have signed relative to the

VOLUNTEER NOBLES AT ROME.- It is said that a corps of volunteers is above articles, and which we certify to all who believe and profess the to be formed at Rome consisting entirely of nobles. At present only 500 true religion. have enrolled themselves, and, as the corps is to be 800 strong, 300 more *Given at Pera, 1671, 18 July. (Signed). are required. The members are not limited to the Roman nobility, but

"BARTHOLOMEW of Heraclea. may be of any nation. The command will be given to a lieutenant

“ JEROME of Chalcedon. colonel taken from the army. The uniform is described as handsome.

" METHODIUS of Pisidia. The members of the corps will not receive any pay, and their duty will

“METROPHANES of Cyzicum. consist in guarding Rome. There does already exist a Palatine Guard,

" ANTHONY of Athens. whose duties are the same, but this guard is composed of shopkeepers,

" JOACHIM of Rhodes. though, they, too, give their services gratuitously,

* NEOPHITE of Nicomedia."

« PreviousContinue »