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NOTES AND

AND QUERIES:

A

Medium of Intercommunication

FOR

LITERARY MEN, GENERAL READERS, ETC.

“When found, make a note of.”—CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

SIXTH SERIES-VOLUME TENTH.

JULY-DECEMBER, 1884.

L O N D ON:

PUBLISHED AT THE

OFFICE, 20, WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.C.

BY JOHN C. FRANCIS.

" Hote

LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 5, 1884.

“oon of the kyngis bage” (badge) and “ramys

horne." CONTENTS.- No 236.

“Insomuch thatt all gentilnes cummys of God of NOTES :-Third Part of “Boke of St. Albans," 1-Biblio- hevyn, at hevyn I will begin,......where Lucifer with

graphy of Chaucer, 3-Letter of Sir J. Bowring, 4-Isolated myliony's of aungelis owt of hevyn fell unto hell and Burials in Gibraltar-Gow, the Pirate, 5-Lord Cockburn odyr places, and ben holdyn ther in bonage, and all were and Moustaches -Earliest Verse in Italian- Oxen as Money erected in hevyn of gentill nature...... Adam the be-Document of Sir Isaac Newton, 6-Coincidence, 7."

gynnyng of mankynd was as a stocke unsprayed and QUERIES :-Shakspearian Queries-Portrait of St. Jerome, 7 unfloreshed, and in the braunches is knowledge wiche is -Grey of Wilton, 8-Register of Leckhampstead-Rasta

rotun and wich is grene.” quopere-Coker-Heraldic-St. Paul's Cathedral-Accepted

Ben, present tense plural, “ are" (Ch.).
Frewen-Atkinson - Royal Marriage with a Slave-King
Arthur-William of Worcester-French Family, 9-Auto-

Bonage may only be a misprint for “bondage,”
graph Letters and History --Authorship of Hymns-English which, Skeat says, is the M. E. form.
Names for Flowers and Shells-Collections about Giants, &c. Erected, raised, brought up.
-Raban, 10.

Unsprayed, without sprigs or shoots. Spray PEPLIES:-Rococo, 10–Signatures to Covenant, 11-Cole (see Skeat) is the same as prov. E. sprag, a sprig.

ridge's Remorse - Posies for Rings - "Ignorance the mother of devotion"-Knowing Fine, 12–Beni: Hitac:

Possibly asparagus comes from the same root. Calpe - Proofs of Literary Fame-Khedive-Termination The author divides the world into three parts : oe, " 13-Prester John's Arms-Some Obsolete Words

“Europe, that is to say, the contre of Churlys. Asia, Regnal Years-“Knight of Toggenburg"-Lamb and Mint Sauce, 14-Device on Picture-English Judicial Costume

that is to say, the contre of gentilmen. Affrica, that is Thorpe, Sarrey – Brewer's “Phrase and Fable"-Date of to say, the contre of tempurnes." Phrase - Hebrew Language, 15 - Tomb of Thackeray's Parents – Balloon, 16 -- Eclipses of the Sunich Inverted aunce) means, I think, a mixture of churis and

Tempurnes (MS.W. the countree of temperChevron, 17-Oak Tree and Contents-"Old English Drama - Peter Jackson : Philip Jackson Resurgam, 18.

gentlemen : Temper, due mixture of contrary NOTES ON BOOKS :-Wyman's “ Bibliography of the Bacon qualities” (Walker's Dict.). Trench discusses

Shakespeare Controversy" “John Wiclit, Patriot and the word, Study of Words, p. 129.
Reformer."

Hite and ful of courage(hite=hot). Notices to Correspondents, &c.

brenning as fire” occurs just below. Chaucer uses “hote and brenningly "; of hite=hot I have not been able to find another example.

Trone (Ch.) and tronly, for “throne” and Notes.

thronely.”

Smaraydmat looks insoluble at first sight, but NOTES ON THE THIRD PART OF THE

it is only opapaydos, an emerald, Englished. “ BOKE OF ST. ALBANS."

The four virtues of chivalry are worthy of being This work was printed at St. Albans by the set down at length :Schoolmaster Printer in 1486. I have lately been “Fower vertuys of chivalrie bene theis.

“ The first is juste in his bestye, clenness of his per. reading it, and have made notes of some curious and rare words contained in it. So far as I know, presoner, to be reverend and faythful to his God.

sone, peti to have to the pore, to be gracious to his these have not been commented on before, so they “ The secunde is that he be wyse in his battayl, may be of use to the reader of "N. & Q.". The prudent in his fightyng, knowyng and having minde in book is not paged, but there will be no difficulty his wittes.

“The thirde is, that he be not slowe in his werrys, loke in verifying the references (the extracts are taken

before that his quarell be true, thank god ever of his in order).

victori, and for to have measure in his sustenance MS.W.=the edition printed at Westminster by (moderation in his manner of life). Wynkyn de Worde, 1496 ; reprinted in London “ The jiij is to be stronge and stedfast in his gov'. by White & Cockrane, 1810.

naunce-to hope to have the victory, and rode not from

the fielde and not to shame hiy cote armure, and that he Ch.=used by Chaucer. The first sentence of the third part explains the be not bostful of his manhode, loke that [he be] curtes,

lowly, and gentill, and without rebawdry in his lannature of the work, viz., a treatise upon heraldry : guage." “Here in thys booke followyng is determyned the The iiij soverayn gentilneses ben theis

few othes in eweryng linage of coot armuris : and how gentilmen shall be knowyn from ungentilmen."

boxom to goddis byddyng

knowyog his own birth in beryng Linage (Ch. lynage), lineage.

and to drede his soverayn to offende." Coot armuris (Ch. cote armure), a coat worn Bo.com (Ch. buxome),* obedient. See Skeat. over the armour, on which the armorial bearings of the wearer were painted. Is is the plural [* A curious and, wo fancy, unrecorded use of the form. Other similar plurals found in this book word buxomnesse is found in Occleve, De Regimine Prinare : bestys, werrys (wars), talys, maydonys,

cipum :

“God toke upone bym humble buxomnesse sparris (spars = bars), treys (trees), armys. Is,

Whan he bym wrappede in our mortalle rynde.” too, is sometimes the sign of the genitive case, as

P. 128.]

99

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