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CAREFUL AND STRICT INQUIRY

INTO THE

ofoxn frMKttg potions

OF THAT

FREEDOM OF THE WILL,

WHICH 13

SUPPOSED TO BE ESSENTIAL TO MORAL AGENCY, VIRTUE AND VICE,
REWARD AND PUNISHMENT, PRAISE AND BLAME.

Rom. rx. 16. It is Hot Op Him That Wlllkth.

NEW YOKK:

PUBLISHED BY LEAVITT & ALLEN,

379 BROADWAY.
1851

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I. A CAREFUL AND STRICT INQUIRY INTO THE PREVAILING NO-
TIONS OF THE FREEDOM OF THE WILL.

PART I. Wherein are explained and stated various terms and things belong

ing to the subject of the ensuing Discourse . . . .1

Sect. I. Concerning the Nature of the Will . . . . t'6.

ii. Concerning the Determination of the Will . . . . .3

•(. Concerning the meaning of the terms, Necessity, Impossibility, Inability,

&c, and of Contingence ....... 8

iv. Of the distinction of natural and moral Necessity, and Inability . . 13

v. Concerning the notion of Liberty, and of moral Agency . . 17

PART II. Wherein it is considered, whether there is or can be any sucn sort of

Freedom of Will, as that wherein Arminians place the essence of the Lib-

erty of all Moral Agents; and whether any such thing ever was or can be

conceived of . . . . . . . . .20

Rmct. i. Showing the manifest inconsistence of the Arminian notion of Liberty

of Will, consisting in the Will's self.determining Power . . . ih.

n. Several supposed ways of evading the foregoing reasoning, considered . 22

in. Whether any Event whatsoever, and Volition in particular, can come tc

pass without a Cause of its existence .... 26

|v. Whether Volition can arise without a Cause, through the activity of the

nature of the soul ....... 30

T. Showing, that if the things asserted in these Evasions should be supposed

t<; be true, they are altogether impertinent, and cannot help the cause of

Arminian Liberty; and how, this being the state of the case, Arminian

writers are obliged to talk inconsistently . . . . .32

ji ru Concerning the Will determining in things which are perfectly inojfferent

^ o in the view of the mind . . . . . . .35

vn. Concerning the notion of Liberty of Will, consisting in Indifference . 39

viu. Concerning the supposed Liberty of the Will, as opposite to all Necessity 45

a~\ ix. Of the Connection of the Acts of the Will with the Dictates of the Under-

standing . . . . . . . . .48

x. Volition necessarily connected with the influence of Motives: with partic-

ular observations of the great inconsistence of Mr. Chubb's assertions and

reasonings about the Freedom of the Will . . . . .52

xi. The evidence of God's certain Foreknowledge of the Volitions of moral

Agents . . . . . . . .6*

xii. God's certain Foreknowledge of the future volitions of moral agents, in-

consistent with such a Contingence of those volitions as is without all Ne-

cessity ......... 73

ziii. Whether we suppose the volitions of moral Agents to be connected with

any thing antecedent, or not, yet they must be necessary in such a sense as

to overthrow Arminian Liberty . . . . . .81

PART III. Wherein is inquired, whether any such Liberty of Will as Arminians

hold be necessary to Moral Agency. Virtue and Vice, Praise and Dis-

praise, &c. ......... 83

Sect. I. God's moral Excellency necessary, yet virtuous and praiseworthy . t'6,

ii. The Acts of the Will of the human soul of Jesus Christ, necessarily holy,

yet truly virtuous, praiseworthy, rewardable, &c. . . .86

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