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1. THE First Document we present to you, is Tue Oatu. AND
DECLARATION prescribed by the British Parliament of the 31st of his present Majesty, AND WHICH IS TAKEN BY ALL ENGLISH CATHOLICS.
"I A. B. do hereby declare, That I do profess the Roman Catholic Religion. “I A. B. do sincerely promise and swear, That I will be faithful, and bear true Allegiance to His Majesty King George the Third, and him will defend to the “utmost of my power against all conspiracies and attempts whatsoever that shall “ be made against his Person, Crown, or Dignity: and I will do my utmost endea"vour to disclose and make known to His Majesty, his Heirs and Successors, all “ Treasons and Traiterous Conspiracies which may be formed against him or them : “ And I do faithfully promise to maintain, support, and defend, to the utmost of my
power, the Succession of the Crown; which Succession, by an Act, entitled, An " Act for the further Limitation of the Crown, and better securing the Rights and “ Liberties of the Subject,' is, and stands limited to the Princess Sophia, Electress " and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Heirs of her Body, being Protestants ; " hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or allegiance unto any other
person claiming or pretending a right to the Crown of these Realıns. And I do
swear, That I do reject and detest as an unchristian and impious position, that it is “ lawful to Murder or Destroy any person or persons whatsoever, for, or under pre
tence of, their being Heretics or Infidels ; and also that unchristian and impious
Principle, that faith is not to be kept with Hereties or Infidels: And I further declare, " that it is not an Article of my Faith; and that I do renounce, reject, and abjure the
Opinion, that Princes excommunicated by the Pope and Council, or any authority of “ the See of Rome, or by any authority whatsoever, may be deposed or inurdered by “their Subjects, or any person whatsoever: And I do promise, that I will not hold, “ maintain, or abet any such Opinion, or any other Opinions contrary to what is “expressed in this Declaration : And I do declare, that I do not believe that the Pope “ of Rome, or any other foreign Prince, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath, or ought
to have, any temporal or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this realm: And I do solemnly, in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare, that I do make this Declaration, and every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the words of this Oath, without any Evasion, Equivocation, or Mental Reservation whatever, and without any dis- pensation already granted by the Pope, or any authority of the See of Rome, or any person whatever, and without thinking that I am, or can be, acquitted before
God or man, or absolved of this Declaration, or any part thereof, although the i
Pope, or any other person or authority whatsoever, shall dispense with, or annul “the same, or declare that it was null or void.
So help me God.”
TIL E next Documents we present to you are,—The OATHS
AND DECLARATIONS prescribed by the Acts of the Irish
THE first is the Oath of Allegiance and Declaration, prescribed by the Irish Act of the 13th and 14th of His present Majesty; and is taken by all Irish Roman Catholics.
“ I A. B. do take Almighty God, and his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer,
to witness, That I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to our most gracious “ Sovereign Lord King George the Third, and him will defend to the utmost of my
power against all conspiracies and attempts whatsoever that shall be inade against “ his person, crown, and dignity; and I will do my utınost endeavour to disclose “ and make known to His Majesty, and his heirs, all Treasons and traiterous Conspi“ racies, which may be formed against him or them; and I do faithfully promise “ to maintain, support, and defend, to the utmost of my power, the succession of “ the Crown in His Majesty's family, against any person or persons whatsoever, “ hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or allegiance unto the
person taking upon himself the stile and title of Prince of Wales, in the lifetime “ of his father, and who since his death is said to have assumed the stile and title of “ King of Great Britain and Ireland, by the name of Charles the Third, and to any “ other person claiming, or pretending a right to the Crown of these Realms: And “ I do swear, That I do reject and detest, as unchristian and impious to believe, that “ it is lawful to murder or destroy any person or persons whatsoever, for or under
pretence of their being heretics, and also that unchristian and impious principle that “ no faith is to be kept with heretics: I further declare, that it is no article of my “ faith, and that I do renounce, reject, and abjure, the opinion that Princes
excommunicated by the Pope and Council, or by any authority of the See of Ronie, or by any authority whatsoever, may be deposed or inurdered by their
Subjects, or by any person whatsoever; and" I do promise that I will not hold, “ maintain, or abet, any such opinion, or any other opinion, contrary to what is “ expressed in this Declaration : and I do declare that I do not believe that the “ Pope of Roine, or any other foreign Prince, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hatlı
, or ought to have, any temporal or civii jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre“ eininence, directly or indirectly, within this Realın: And I do solemnly in the
presence of God, and of his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, profess,
testify, and declare, That I do make this declaration, and every part thereof, in “ the plain and ordinary sense of the words of this Oath, without any evasion, " equivocation, or mental reservation whatever, and without any dispensation “ already granted by the Pope, or any authority of the Sce of Rome, or any person “ whatever, and without thinking that I am, or can be acquitted before God or man,
" or absolved of this Declaration, or any part thereof, although the Pope, or any “ other person or persons or authority whatsoever, shall dispense with or annul the saine, or declare that it was null and void from the beginning.
“ So help me God."
THE nert is the Oath and Declaration prescribed by the Irish Act of the 33d of His present Majesty, and is taken by all Irish Roman Catholics, wishing to entitle themselves to the benefit of that Act.
“ I A. B. do hereby declare, That I do profess the Roman Catholic Religion.
persons whatsoever, for or under the pretence of being a heretic: And I do de-“ clare solemnly before God, that I believe, that no act in itself unjust, immoral,
or wicked, can ever be justified or excused, by or under pretence or colour that it was done either for the good of the church, or in obedience to any ecclesiastical
power whatsoever: I also declare, that it is not an Article of the Catholic Faith, “ neither am I thereby required to believe or profess, that the Pope is infallible, or “ that I am bound to obey any order, in its own nature immoral, though the Pope,
or any ecclesiastical power, should issue or direct such order, but on the contrary, “ I hold that it would be sinful in me to pay any respect or obedience thereto: I “ further declare, that I do not believe, that any sin whatever comunitted by me,, “ can be for at the mere will of any Pope, or any Priest, or of any person or
persons whatsoever, but that sincere sorrow for past sins, a firm and sincere reso-“ luțion to avoid future guilt, and to atone to God, are previous and indispensable
requisites to establish a well-founded expectation of forgiveness, and that any per-soir who receives absolution without these previous requisites, so far from obtaining
thereby any remission of his siris, incurs the additional guilt of violating a Sacra-“ ment: And I do swear that I will defend, to the uttermost of my power, the “ Settlement and Arrangement of Property in this Country, as established by: w the Laws now in being: I do hereby disclaim, disavow, and solemnly abjure,
any intention to subvert the present Church Establishment, for the purpose of sub
stituting a Catholic Establishment in its stead : And I do solemnly swear, that I “ will not exercise any privilege to which I am or may become intitled, to disturb : “ and weaken the Protestant Religion and Protestant Government in this Kingdom:
“ So help me. God." :
SUCH are the principles which His Majesty's Roman Catholic Subjects have publicly and solemnly declared and professed on Oath. There is not, in any of the a single principle, which every Roman Catholic Subject of His Majesty' does not profess, or which, if his King and Country required it, he would not think it. his duty to seal with his blood.
on Mr. Pitt, respecting their Application for a Repeal of the
AND THE ROMAN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITIES ABROAD, ON THE EXISTENCE AND EXTENT OF THE Pope's DISPENSING POWER.”—Three questions were accordingly framed, and sent to the Universities of Paris, Lovain, Alcala, Doway, Salamanca, and Valadolid, for their Opinions. The Questions proposed to them were,
1. Has the Pope, or Cardinals, or any Body of Men, or any Individual of the
Church of Rome, any Civil Authority, Power, Jurisdiction, or -Pre-eminence,
whatsoever, within the Realm of England? 2. Can the Pope, or Cardinals, or any Body of Men, or any Individual of the Church
of Rome, absolve or dispense with His Majesty's Subjects from their Oath of
Allegiance, upon any pretext whatsoever? 3. Is there any principle in the Tenets of the Catholic Faith, by which Catholics are
justified in not keeping Faith with Heretics, or other Persons differing from them in Religious Opinions, in any Transaction, eitlier of a public or a private Nature?
The Universities answered' unanimously, —
1. That the Pope, or Cardinals, or any Body of Men; or any Individual of the
Church of Rome, HAS NOT any Civil Authority, Power, Jurisdiction, or Pre
eminence whatsoever, within the Realm of England. 2. That the Pope, or Cardinals, or any Body of Men, or any Individual of the
Church of Rome, cannot absolve or dispense with His Majesty's Subjects
from their Oath of Allegiance, upon any pretext whatsoever. 3. That there is no principle in the Tenets of the Catholic Faith, by which Catholics
are justified in not keeping Faith with Heretics, or other Persons differing: from them in Religious Opinions, in any Transactions either of a public or a private Nature.
AS soon as the Opinions of the Foreign Universities were received, they were trans-mitted to Mr. Pitt: But we earnestly beg of you to observe, that it was for his satisfaction, not ours, that these Opinions were taken :- Assuredly, His Majesty's Romanı
Catholic Subjects did not want the wisdom of foreign Universities to inform them, that His Majesty is the lawful Sovereign of all his Roman Catholic Subjects, and that, by every divine and human Law, his Roman Catholic Subjects ove him true, dutiful, active, and unreserved Allegiance.
Such then,—-Fellow Countrymen and Fellow Subjects,-Such being our Religious and Civil Principles in respect to our King and our Country,--Let us now again ask you, — Is there in them, a single Tenet, which is incompatible with the purest Loyalty, or which, in the slightest degree, interferes with the Duty we owe to God, our King, or our Country ?-
But,—are these principles really instilled into us? Do our actions correspond with them?-In reply, we ask, --Are there not, at this very moment, thousands, thousands, and thousands of Roman Catholics, who daily and hourly make the most heroic Exertions and Sacrifices in those Fleets and Armies, to whose patient and adventurous courage it is owing that we are still blessed with a King and a Country?
Now then,— Fellow Countrymen and Fellow Subjects, be assured,—that, among these heroic and inestimable Defenders and Supporters of their King and their Country, there is not one, whose Parents and whose Priests have not taught him, that Loyalty is a religious as much as a civil Duty; and that, when he is fighting for his King and bis Country, he is performing a Duty to his God.