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THE BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER
AS USED IN
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
COMPARED WITH THE PROPOSED BOOK OF 1786.
AND WITH THE PRAYER BOOK OF
The Church of England,
AND AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT AND DOCUMENTS.
WILLIAM McGARVEY, B.D.
TO WHICH IS ADDED
A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
STANDARD EDITIONS OF THE AMERICAN PRAYER BOOK,
PRAYER BOOK PSALTER,
“ It seems unnecessary to enumerate all the different altera-
Copyright by WM. MCGARVEY, 1895.
A S Keeling's invaluable Liturgia Britannicæ is intended to set
A forth the wording of the various Prayer Books of the Church of England since 1549, so the present work is primarily an attempt to give the wording of the Prayer Book used in the United States together with the Articles of Religion, compared with the Proposed Book of 1786 (which was never adopted), and with the English Prayer Book of 1662 in use when this country was a dependency of the British Crown. In the footnotes I have given such items of information, gathered chiefly from the works of Bishop White, as help to throw light on the reasons for the departures from the English Book made by the revisers of 1789, and also the immediate originals of all those prayers, thanksgivings, and collects which are peculiar to the American Book, except those of the prayer For Malefactors after Condemnation, and the Thanksgiving for the beginning of a Recovery; the sources of these are yet to be discovered. I have taken no notice of variations in punctuation, and merely typographical differences, which exist between the Proposed Book and the English Book, and even between the various editions of the American Prayer Book. Indeed the arrangement adopted for this comparative reprint precluded such notice, which could only be adequately done by reprinting all the books in extenso. In a few cases, however, where these variations seemed to be of sufficient importance, attention has been drawn to them in the footnotes. I have drawn up for the Introduction, a history of the American Prayer Book from which, it is thought, no salient fact has been omitted ; and in Appendix II will be found a verbatim reprint of illustrative documents.
The Rev. Frederick Gibson, D. D., has kindly contributed the bibliographical account of the Standard Editions of the American Prayer Book which immediately follows the Introduction, and also a Critical Examination of the Psalter printed as Appendix I. In the preparation of the latter work he has been occupied for some years, during which time he has consulted the principal libraries of England as well as of this country. His well-established reputation for painstaking accuracy is a sufficient assurance beforehand of the value of any work done by him.
At the outset, I desire the reader to remember that, in the preparation of this work, the object kept in view has been to give an impartial