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was even then beginning to be brought has shown), he was preparing for an against them.

open secession to a theological system This very explanation of the neces- which had long constituted his secret sity, as given by himself, distinctly faith, he repudiates his ENTIRE bill shews in exact accordance with the of fare, with the declaration, that he passages adduced above, that, what had not been speaking his own words, he repudiates, is not merely and ex- but had, merely to serve a present clusively harshness of LANGUAGE as turn, been saying what such men as charitably suggested by my friend, Barrow and Taylor said, throwing but likewise censure of DOCTRINE: himself into their system, and ostenfor, if his object was “a hope of ap- sibly adopting their views of Popery. proving himself to persons he respected On the whole, when I consider and a wish to repel the charge of Ro- what has since occurred, I can view manism ;” every object of this kind the original anonymous publication might have been fully answered by a of the now acknowledged extraordisimple censure of Romish DOCTRINE nary document, which (as he exwithout any admixture of harshness presses it) is designedly preserved in of LANGUAGE. In short, what my the preface to his work on Devefriend would make the whole of Mr. lopment, in no other light than that Newman's process, in order to ap- of a preparatory step toward a public prove himself to persons he respected secession to the Church of Rome. and to repel the charge of Romanism, With this key, the document is peris palpably a superfluous work of su- fectly intelligible. It was necessary pererogation.

for Mr. Newman to let himself down 3. But, whatever Mr. Newman may by degrees from the anti-Romish have deemed the best mode of repel- SYSTEM of Barrow and Taylor. As ling a charge of Romanism, he now the time approached for his recondisavows the whole of what is con- ciliation with Rome (as, I believe, the tained in passages cited by himself phrase runs), he could no longer, from his writings between the years with common decency, suffer passages 1833 and 1837: declaring, at the to remain uncontradicted, wherein same time, that, in those passages,

he had declared her to be a lost and he was not speaking his own words. apostate Church which had heretically

Hence, even then, it was not his established a lie in the place of God's real, though his outwardly professed truth. Hence a retractation became opinion : that Rome is a lost Church; necessary: though a complete retracthat Popery is an apostasy from the tation, including a formal condemnapurity of the Gospel; that this apos- tion of the Church to which he ostentasy took place at the time of the sibly belonged, would then have been Council of Trent; that the Romish premature. Meanwhile, the docuCommunion is infected with heresy, ment was printed anonymously : and, inasmuch as it has established a lie as Mr. Newman now states that he is in the place of God's truth ; that it "desirous of formally acknowledging it substitutes an external ritual for and preserving it,” we must conclude, moral obedience, profession for faith, I suppose, that he had some good the lips for the heart: and that the reason for not originally putting his establishment of image-worship by name to it, though, as I recollect, his the two Gregories, through the me- friends all gave out that the paper dium of rebellion, was sinful.

Mr. Newman, first, at considerable III. According to my correspondent, length, gives us a bill of fare, setting however, Mr. Newman completely forth what he deemed necessary for settles his real meaning, by his final the position of himself and his party, statement: that an admission of in order that the charge of Roman. this kind involves no retractation of ism might be effectually repelled: and what he had written in defence of then, after a certain interval, when Anglican doctrine.” the mask might be dispensed with, Surely, when the gentleman penned and when (as his subsequent conduct this, he must either have forgotten Vol. VIII.December, 1846.

New Series, No. 12.

was his.


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the AMOUNT of his repudiation, or justice, and therefore demanded by must have strangely expected that it Christian sineerity, to notice publicly. would be overlooked by others. the suggestion of my friend : for most

His final statement would doubtless sorry should I be, either wilfully to be true, if he had repudiated nothing misrepresent Mr. Newman, or to keep more than harshness of LANGUAGE: back what has been alleged in his but we must remember, that, accord- vindication. Let him have all the ing to his own quotations from his benefit of it. Meanwhile, he himself own writings as given above, he also has not disputed the correctness of my repudiates his temperate censures of view, though it has been before the Romish DOCTRINE. Now, a repudia- public ever since the beginning of tion of his self-quoted temperate cen- February, 1846: and, even if ħeresures of Romish DOCTRINE must as- after he may think fit to dispute it, suredly involve a retractation of what availing himself of my


very he had written in defence of Anglican ingenious, though (I fear) not very doctrine, though it might not then solid, defence, still, I shall stand fully be expedient to put forth such a re- exculpated. When a man writes tractation. To continue, without re- one thing and afterward professes to tractation, a defence of Anglican doc- have meant quite another thing, he trine, while yet his simulated censures must not complain of the conclusions of Romish doctrine are expressly re- obviously drawn from what he has pudiated, is an impossibility: for the written,

G. S. FABER. two are palpably incompatible; and

Sherburn House, Nov. 3, 1846. all our controversial articles are constructed


this very incompatibility. How could he continue to defend Anglican doctrine, nay how A HINT TO LORD BROUGHAM could he ever have defended it with DURING HIS RESIDENCE AT sincerity, if, notwithstanding his pro- CANNES. fessions, he was actually DISBELIEVING that Rome was a lost and apos

To the Editor of the Protestant Maga

zine. tate Church which had established a lie in the place of God's truth? It is SIR, -Anything that will reconcile us impossible to DISBELIEVE these and to the occasional exercise of those the like points without simultane- extraordinary powers committed to ously CENSURING Anglican doctrine. our Secretaries of State and Poor Law Now Mr. Newman has repudiated Commissioners deserves to find a ALL these points, with the declaration, place in your columns, and I observe that, when he advanced them, he was that you do not deem it unworthy of not speaking his own words. There- your powerful pen sometimes to draw fore, if

, by such repudiation, Anglican comparisons between the liberties of doctrine has been really CENSURED,

own and other constitutional it plainly cannot continue to be DE- Governments. A circumstance has FENDED. In good truth, Popery has recently occurred at Cannes which such a blighting effect upon Christian may serve as a practical commentary integrity, of which we have lately upon the Fifth Article of the French had but too many fearful instances, "Charte Constitutionnel," and make that I cannot help viewing with much the opening of an alien's letters under distrust whatever is put forth by a the sanction of a Secretary of State member of the Romish Communion. appear of a very mild and generous Some may call this feeling illiberal : nature. A native of Switzerland who but, with numerous facts staring me has resided eleven years at Cannes, in the face, I cannot divest myself of during the greater part of which it. Papal dispensations, inevitably, period he gained his livelihood as a so far as my own personal experience schoolmaster, being regularly licensed goes, destroy all Protestant confi- (breveté) according to the French dence.

laws, has been suddenly ejected out IV. I have thought it an act of of house and home by the Secretary


of State for the Home Department monstrance of the citizens of Cannes. (Ministre de l'Interieur). The good On the 31st of August last, the Swiss could trace his origin to one of Society for the general interests of those unfortunate Protestant families Protestantism, of which the Comte which were compelled to seek refuge Gasparin is President, took up the in Switzerland and other countries, in case, and addressed a Memorial to consequence of the revocation of the the Minister of State.

After recaEdict of Nantes; and previous to the pitulating the facts as already given, month of July last he had begun to it concludes thus:consider himself as again restored to “It does not belong to us to all the privileges of a French citizen, dispute, nor even to question the of which his ancestors had been so right which the Government may unjustly deprived. The Sieur C- have to banish foreigners, but that to occasionally employed his evenings which we cannot but call the attenat Cannes in reading the Scriptures tion of your Excellency is the motive with a company of the inhabitants officially given to the measure in who chose to attend at his house for question. This motive seems to us to that purpose; and he committed the threaten the liberty of Protestant further outrage of making some worship in France. The executive prayers and singing hymns. These power has declared the holding of meetings attracted the notice and religious meetings duly notified, incurred the displeasure of the bishop though not authorized,' (such auand the clergy, and being on the eve thorization being irreconcilable with of an election of a new Chamber of full liberty,) as an act disturbing Deputies, it was important for the the public peace,' and disturbing it Government to secure the good will to such a degree as to justify measures of the sacerdotal community; ac

so unheard of and severe as those cordingly the Préfet, with much less which have been taken against several ceremony than is observed with us in foreigners, whose only crime has been opening a foreigner's letters, issued zeal for the Protestant faith. You his edict in the following terms :- will understand, Mons. le Ministre,

Seeing that the Sieur C- is a that in learning these facts we have troubler of the public peace at been deeply moved, and have conCannes, we ordain that he be escorted sidered it our duty to place before within twenty-four hours out of the you the expression of our grief and French territory.”

of our fears." (Signed)

To this letter the Minister sent an This decree having been sent to the answer, dated September 5, 1846, of Minister for the Interior Department which the following is the subfor confirmation, was returned with- stance: out delay with the word confirmé. “ The complaints that have reached The result was, that the poor school- the Society on the subject of this master, for the crime of having measure, and which are expressed in prayed and read the Scriptures in a the letter of the Society, are grounded private house, was conducted over the on a partial view of the case. The frontiers, and turned without a pass- authorities, in using the power

which port into the merciless hands of the the law confers upon them, came to Sardinian police.

their determination upon serious conA memorial was then addressed by sideration for public order, and upon the inhabitants of Cannes, signed by the formal representations of the fifty of the most substantial house- local authorities. This is only a holders, in which they ventured to solitary case which it is not possible remonstrate against this arbitrary to connect with any system of Goexercise of power, and desired to vernment; and those citizens who know upon what grounds and for profess any of the Dissenting religions what crime the penalty of banish- ought to be well convinced that the ment had been inflicted upon their King's Government, faithful to the worthy schoolmaster. No answer spirit of our Institutions, does not was given to the respectful re- adopt any tendency which would be



of a nature to undervalue their Lordship to be on his guard and limit privileges or trouble their the number of his guests whom he sciences."

may be disposed to harangue to Signed by the Under Secretary of twenty, the number allowed by the

State, M. A. PASSY. French law. At all events, we wish This is all the explanation which his Lordship joy of the residence he Mons. le Ministre deigns to give of has chosen, where " les autorités the most arbitrary act a Government locales ” have such a keen sense of can commit.

The Préfet declares preserving lordre public. that the residence in France of the I am quite prepared to furnish you Sieur C- is dangerous to public with the original documents relative order. The Minister of State to this affair; and it may contribute declares that the supreme authority something to the cause of religious only acts on the representations of liberty, if we can shame our neighthe local authorities. And upon bours into something like respect for these grounds the poor Swiss school- the rights of conscience. master is banished from the French

I am, yours,

VIATOR. soil ; no reason whatever is assigned, except that his presence was dangerous to public order; and the

IMPORTANT MOVEMENT AT Protestants of France, although

EXETER. ·legally constituted into Consistorial Churches, are gently reminded that To the Editor of the Protestant Magathey are Dissenters; that is from the

zine. “ established" Church of Romé. SIR,—The following is the copy of a

From this statement of facts it letter addressed by the Protestants of appears therefore, that a foreigner Exeter, to each of the representatives who is supposed to trouble l'ordre

of that city : public by reading the Scriptures or “ Dear Sir,-A number of gentleholding a prayer-meeting, men attached to the Protestant religion although he may be a licensed teacher, of our country, believing that its best may be summarily expelled from the interests are endangered by the repeatFrench territory without any reason ed concessions made to the demands of being assigned; and if he have Popery, have (in pursuance of a Reacquired property and made France solution passed at a numerous public his home, he is allowed just twenty- Meeting) associated themselves under four hours to dispose of all he has, the name of a Protestant Committee, and to be ready at the end of that for the purpose of opposing all contime to walk away under an escort cessions for the future. Though of gens d'armes, and yet our French hitherto belonging to different politineighbours would make the world cal parties, they desire henceforth to believe they are living under a uphold Protestantism as paramount free constitution, and in the enjoy- to any party interest. Feeling that ment of civil and religious liberty. it is on the floor of the House of ComThis is one of the numerous instances mons that the religion which they of daily occurrence of the subjection hold dear will be attacked, and must of the secular Government in France be defended, they are determined, on to the priesthood; and if the influ- all future elections of Members of ence of that despotic power continues that House, to vote only for those to gain ground as it has done since candidates in whom they can place the conflict began on the educational reliance as defenders of the Protestquestion, nothing can prevent the ant faith. At present they have scene of persécution being acted over reason to fear that whatever party again which disgraced the reign of may be in power, some further conthe modern Nero, Louis XIV. This cessions to Popery in the endowment remarkable instance of arbitrary of its priesthood, will soon be propower has occurred at the place Lord posed, and they therefore beg to ask Brougham has fixed upon for his of you, as one of the representatives esidence. It may be well for his of this city, whether you are prepared


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to give such proposed, or any similar most exorbitant usury, though all one, your earnest opposition—from

usury was prohibited as a sin by the whatever source it may be proposed

canon law.

The Government also to provide the necessary funds ? " began to entertain serious injury from

It is to be hoped that the example the multiplication of religious houses ; of Exeter will be followed by other apprehensions were entertained that places. For if the different consti- men would be wanting for the service tuencies in the kingdom were to pro- of husbandry and for war, if so many ceed upon the same plan, it would were collected in convents; and a be an excellent method for diffusing real diminution in the revenue was Protestant feeling throughout the felt, in the failure of knight-service, kingdom, and for resisting the further and of the rights appertaining to the encroachments of Popery.

Crown, upon marriages, deaths, and AN INHABITANT OF EXETER. wardships, accidents to which Church Nov. 16, 1846.

lands were not liable. The statute of Mortmain was passed to prevent

further foundations; and from the PAPAL ENCROACHMENTS.

various devices for evading it, the

greater number of our fictions in law MR. EDITOR-It were well that the have arisen.” And again, p. 199:good people of this country rouse “ The Friars who by their assiduity themselves in time, be up, and unite and boldness, forced themselves everyin bodies, to resist, before it is too where, interfered here with the rights late, the establishment of Popish of the Universities, as they had done priests, and the power of the Pope in with those of the secular clergy. this country, unless they are prepared Their desire was to recruit their to sit down quietly and be fleeced of numbers with the most hopeful subtheir substance, as their ancestors jects, and as the most promising youth were, in the reign of Henry III., be- were brought together to these schools fore Wicliffe arose; in proof of this, of learning, there were no places I send you a short extract from where they collected so many novices. Southey's “ Book of the Church,” a The boys whom they inveigled were work of unimpeachable authority, pp. taught to disregard filial duty: 198, 199.-I am, &c., ALARUM.

the more averse indeed their parents “ The first discontent in England were to their taking the vows, the was provoked by the manner in which greater the merit was represented the Popes abused their victory in this of the children who made the sacrifice.” country. They had acted with con- -And again, the man who opposed summate policy during the struggle; them.—« This man was John Wicbut rapacity is short-sighted, and a liffe, whom the Roman Church has people who gave full credit to all stigmatized, as a heretic of the first their frauds, and yielded implicit class, but whom England, and the obedience to their pretensions, felt Protestant world, while there is any and resented the merciless extortions virtue, and while there is any praise, which were practised upon them, by will regard with veneration and gratithe Pope's agents, and by the foreign- tude.”—From Southey's History of ers upon whom the benefices were the Church. bestowed. In the reign of Henry III. the Italians who were beneficed here, drew from England more than thrice

O'CONNELL'S INFLUENCE. the amount of the King's revenue, fleecing by means of priests, who To the Editor of the Protestant Magawere aliens also, the flock whom they

zine. never fed. Repeated statutes were SIR,—It is said that the present Gomade against this evil. A set of Lom- vernment have consigned the patronbards, too, established themselves here age of Ireland into the hands of in connexion with the Legates, to O'Connell. This has been publicly advance money upon all sums due to stated by the Lord Mayor of Dublin, the Pope, for which they exacted the and has not been contradicted. In

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