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then now likely to be resorted to by the leading men of all parties is to endow the Church of Rome in Ireland. Thus the real end of all O'Connell's agitation, is, not the Repeal of the Union, but to obtain the recognition of the Church of Rome by the State, and to set her up in Ireland as a rival establishment to the Protestant Church. It needs no reasoning to shew that immediately afterwards the downfall of the latter would be the inevitable consequence. I believe the Members of the present Government are almost all of them the advocates for the payment of the Romish priesthood in Ireland by the State, or from the spoils of the Irish Church. Lord Grey, Lord Fortescue, Lord Ebrington, Mr. Appropriation Ward, as he is called, even Lord John Russell himself, have all expressed opinions to such effect.
And I very much question, whether it was consistent with the coronation oath, that men with such hostile feelings towards the Irish Church should have been appointed the State Advisers of our Protestant Queen.
As it is, the Church of Ireland now stands in the hottest part of the conflict, encompassed on every side, by enraged and insatiable enemies. She is like a missionary Church, and not only in the midst of an idolatrous and deluded population, but in the midst of one that is inflamed and excited to tear her to pieces, and to bring her down to the ground.
Surely then, it is a great Christian duty to exert ourselves to the utmost for 'her succour and relief. And I would earnestly advise that Petitions should be poured in as soon as Parliament assembles for the maintenance of the Church of Ireland in all her integrity.
A SUPPORTER OF THE IRISH CHURCH.
I. The argument is plausible, and TRACTARIAN SECESSION TO would have had considerable weight, POPERY.
if the various passages, quoted by
Mr. Newman himself from his own To the Editor of the Protestant
writings between the years 1833 and Magazine.
1837, and then repudiated by him DEAR SIR, It has been suggested to through the expression “I am not me by a friend, that, in my fourth speaking my own words," had all letter on “ Tractarian Secession to been nothing more than mere inPopery," I have misapprehended the stances of harsh LANGUAGE. But this import of the statement, contained in is not the case. The repudiated pasthe Preface to Mr. Newman's work on sages are of a mixed nature. Some Development, and first put forth by of them employ, what the delicacy of him some years ago anonymously. modern candour (so called) may His argument runs thus :
deem harsh LANGUAGE; though, açWhen Mr. Newman used the ex- cording to my old-fashioned perceppression “ I am not speaking my own tions, they do nothing more than words," he refers, not to any censures call a spade a spade ; but others, withof Romish DOCTRINE which had once out any harshness of LẠNGUAGE, been propounded by him, but merely simply specify and then censure Roto a certain harshness of LANGUAGE mish DOCTRINES in which his censures had been con- I subjoin instances of this latter veyed. This construction is estab- form of censure. lished by the circumstance, that he 1. In the year 1833, he pronounced withdraws his harsh LANGUAGE in Rome to be, doctrinally of course, .consequence of a correspondent having “a lost Church.” objected to it under the appellations 2. In the same year, he spoke of of name-calling and slang : while it is Popery under the name of the Papal yet further apparent, from Mr. New Apostasy.”. man's concluding remarks, that “ an 3. In the same year, he wrote: “If admission of this kind involves no she has apostatized, it was at the retractation of what he had written in time of the Council of Trent.” This, defence of Anglican doctrine." whether properly or improperly, simply determines the epoch of the already “ If you ask me," says he to his declared Papal Apostasy.
correspondent, “ how an individual 4. In the same year, he addition could venture, not simply to hold, ally wrote: “ Their Communion is but to publish, such views of a cominfected with heresy : we are bound munion, so ancient, so wide-spreading, to flee it as a pestilence. They have so fruitful in saints, I answer that I established a lie in the place of God's said to myself; I AM NOT SPEAKING truth; and, by their claim of immu- MY OWN WORDS: I am but following tability in DOCTRINE, cannot undo almost a CONSENSUS of the divines the sin they have committed."
of my Church. They have ever used 5. In the year 1834, he wrote: the strongest language against Rome, “ She virtually substitutes an external even the most able and learned of ritual for moral obedience; penance, them. I wish to throw myself into for penitence; confession, for sorrow; their SYSTEM. While I say what they profession, for faith; the lips, for the say, I am safe, Such VIEWS, too, heart; such, at least, is her SYSTEM are necessary for our position." as understood by the many."
Should we ask why such VIEWS 6. In the year 1837, he wrote: were necessary for the position of the “ The second and third Gregories ap- party, the answer is promptly given pealed to the people against the Em- by Mr. Newman: “a hope of approvperor, for a most unjustifiable object, ing myself to persons I respect, and and in, apparently, a most unjustifi- a wish to repel the charge of Romanable way. They became rebels, to ism." establish image-worship.”
1. Now what can such words, as II. These several passages, quoted CONSENSUS and sySTEM and views, by Mr. Newman himself from his mean? Is it rationally possible, that own writings, cannot be said to be they can be restrieted to mere harshcharacterized by any such harshness ness of LANGUAGE? Was this the of LANGUAGE as his correspondent whole of the SYSTEM and views and denominates slang and name-calling. CONSENSUS of such men as Isaac They simply specify, and then cen- Barrow and Jeremy Taylor, to whom, sure Romish DOCTRINES : and, most I suppose, Mr. Newman must allude obviously, censure cannot be conveyed in the expression “ even the most in the tone of approbation. But they able and learned of them?” Yet, exhibit no name-calling : they are not when he was, ostensibly, saying what to be placed in the same category they say, and throwing himself into with various rough epithets also repu their SYSTEM, and adopting their diated by Mr. Newman ; such as VIEWS, which SYSTEM and which profane, impious, blasphemous, gross, VIEWS comprised a censure of Romish monstrous, administering deceitful DOCTRINE as well as a severity of comfort; which, however true in LANGUAGE which his correspondent themselves, as every consistent member classically denominates slang: he was, of the English Church must believe by his own account, all the while, them to be (for she herself stigmatizes acting a purely simulative part; bethe Popish sacrifices of massės as cause, as he tells us, “ such VIEWS," blasphemous fables and dangerous de- the VIEWS to wit of Barrow and ceits), may possibly, in the judgment Taylor, “ were necessary for our poof his correspondent, be rated as sition." mere slang and name-calling. Yet 2. The VIEWS, then, of these great all the passages given above, which divines, were, by his own showing, purely censure DOCTRINE without any put forth by him, not from any conmixture of harsh LANGUAGE, Mr. viction of their truth, but merely beNewman repudiates, just as much as cause the propounding of them was any harshness of LANGUAGE which necessary for the then position of he may have employed in other pas- himself and his party; the necessity sages : and, indeed, the very form of consisting in a wish to approve himhis repudiation shows, that he is dis- self to sound Anglicans and to repel owning censure of DOCTRINE as well the charge of Romanism, which, very as harshness of LANGUAGE.
truly, as events have since shewn, was even then beginning to be brought has shown). he was preparing for an against them.
open secession to a theological system This very explanation of the neces- which had long constituted his secret sity, as given by himself, distinctly faith, he repudiates his ENTIRE bill shews in exact accordance with the of fare, with the declaration, that he passages adduced above, that, what had not been speaking his own words, he repudiates, is not merely and ex- but had, merely to serve a present clusively harshness of LANGUAGE as turn, been saying what such men as charitably suggested by my friend, Barrow and Taylor said, throwing but likewise censure of DOCTRINE: himself into their system, and ostenfor, if his object was “ a hope of ap- sibly adopting their views of Popery. proving himself to persons he respected On the whole, when I consider and a wish to repel the charge of Ro- what has since occurred, I can view manism ;” every object of this kind the original anonymous publication might have been fully answered by a of the now acknowledged extraordisimple censure of Romish DOCTRINE nary document, which (as he exwithaut any admixture of harshness presses it) is designedly preserved in of LANGUAGE. In short, what my the preface to his work on Devefriend would make the whole of Mr. lopment, in no other light than that Newman's process, in order to ap- of a preparatory step toward a public prove himself to persons he respected secession to the Church of Rome. and to repel the charge of Romanism, With this key, the document is peris palpably a superfluous work of su- fectly intelligible. It was necessary pererogation.
for Mr. Newman to let himself down 3. But, whatever Mr. Newman may by degrees from the anti-Romish have deemed the best mode of repel- SYSTEM of Barrow and Taylor. As ling a charge of Romanism, he now the time approached for his recondisavows the WHOLE of what is con ciliation with Rome (as, I believe, the tained in passages cited by himself phrase runs), he could no longer, from his writings between the years with common decency, suffer passages 1833 and 1837: declaring, at the to remain uncontradicted, wherein same time, that, in those passages, he had declared her to be a lost and he was not speaking his own words. apostate Church which had heretically
Hence, even then, it was not his established a lie in the place of God's real, though his outwardly professed truth. Hence a retractation became opinion : that Rome is a lost Church; necessary: though a complete retracthat Popery is an apostasy from the tation, including a formal condemnapurity of the Gospel; that this apos tion of the Church to which he ostentasy took place at the time of the sibly belonged, would then have been Council of Trent; that the Romish premature. Meanwhile, the docuCommunion is infected with heresy, ment was printed anonymously : and, inasmuch as it has established a lie as Mr. Newman now states that he is in the place of God's truth; that it “desirous of formally acknowledging it substitutes an external ritual for and preserving it," we must conclude, moral obedience, profession for faith, I suppose, that he had some good the lips for the heart: and that the reason for not originally putting his establishment of image-worship by name to it, though, as I recollect, his the two Gregories, through the me- friends all gave out that the paper dium of rebellion, was sinful.
was his. Mr. Newman, first, at considerable III. According to my correspondent, length, gives us a bill of fare, setting however, Mr. Newman completely forth what he deemed necessary for settles his real meaning, by his final the position of himself and his party, statement: that “an admission of in order that the charge of Roman. this kind involves no retractation of ism might be effectually repelled: and what he had written in defence of then, after a certain interval, when Anglican doctrine." the mask might be dispensed with, Surely, when the gentleman penned and when (as his subsequent conduct this, he must either have forgotten VOL. VIII.- December, 1846.
N N New Series, No. 12.
the AMOUNT of his repudiation, or justice, and therefore demanded by must have strangely expected that it Christian sineerity, to notice publicly. would be overlooked by others. the suggestion of my friend : for most
His final statement would doubtless sorry should I be, either wilfully to be true, if he had repudiated nothing misrepresent Mr. Newman, or to keep more than harshness of LANGUAGE: back what has been alleged in his but we must remember, that, accord- vindication. Let him have all the ing to his own quotations from his benefit of it. Meanwhile, he himself own writings as given above, he also has not disputed the correctness of my repudiates his temperate censures of view, though it has been before the Romish DOCTRINE. Now, a repudia- public ever since the beginning of tion of his self-quoted temperate cen- February, 1846: and, even if heresures of Romish DOCTRINE must as- after he may think fit to dispute it, suredly involve a retractation of what availing himself of my friend's very he had written in defence of Anglican ingenious, though (I fear) not very doctrine, though it might not then solid, defence, still, I shall stand fully be expedient to put forth such a re- exculpated. When a man writes tractation. To continue, without re- one thing and afterward professes to tractation, a defence of Anglican doe- have meant quite another thing, he trine, while yet his simulated censures must not complain of the conclusions of Romish doctrine are expressly re- obviously drawn from what he has pudiated, is an impossibility: for the written.
G. S. FABER. two are palpably incompatible; and Sherburn House, Nov. 3, 1846. all our controversial articles are constructed upon this very incompatibility. How could he continue to defend Anglican doctrine, nay how A HINT TO LORD BROUGHAM could he ever have defended it with DURING HIS RESIDENCE AT sincerity, if, notwithstanding his pro- CANNES. fessions, he was actually DISBELIEV
To the Editor of the Protestant MagaING that Rome was a lost and apos
zine. tate Church which had established a lie in the place of God's truth? It is SIR,--Anything that will reconcile us impossible to DISBELIEVE these and to the occasional exercise of those the like points without simultane- extraordinary powers committed to ously CENSURING Anglican doctrine. our Secretaries of State and Poor Law Now Mr. Newman has repudiated Commissioners deserves to find a ALL these points, with the declaration, place in your columns, and I observe that, when he advanced them, he was that you do not deem it unworthy of not speaking his own words. There your powerful pen sometimes to draw fore, if, by such repudiation, Anglican comparisons between the liberties of doctrine has been really CENSURED, our own and other constitutional it plainly cannot continue to be DE Governments. A circumstance has FENDED. In good truth, Popery has recently occurred at Cannes which such a blighting effect upon Christian may serve as a practical commentary integrity, of which we have lately upon the Fifth Article of the French had but too many fearful instances, “Charte Constitutionnel,” and make that I cannot help viewing with much the opening of an alien's letters under distrust whatever is put forth by a the sanction of a Secretary of State member of the Romish Communion. appear of a very mild and generous Some may call this feeling illiberal : nature. A native of Switzerland who but, with numerous facts staring me has resided eleven years at Cannes, in the face, I cannot divest myself of during the greater part of which it. Papal dispensations, inevitably, period he gained his livelihood as a so far as my own personal experience schoolmaster, being regularly licensed goes, destroy all Protestant confi- (breveté) according to the French dence.
laws, has been suddenly ejected out IV. I have thought it an act of of house and home by the Secretary
of State for the Home Department monstrance of the citizens of Cannes. (Ministre de l'Interieur). The good On the 31st of August last, the Swiss could trace his origin to one of Society for the general interests of those unfortunate Protestant families Protestantism, of which the Comte which were compelled to seek refuge Gasparin is President, took up the in Switzerland and other countries, in case, and addressed a Memorial to consequence of the revocation of the the Minister of State. After recaEdict of Nantes; and previous to the pitulating the facts as already given, month of July last he had begun to it concludes thus:consider himself as again restored to “It does not belong to us to all the privileges of a French citizen, dispute, nor even to question the of which his ancestors had been so right which the Government may unjustly deprived. The Sieur C— have to banish foreigners, but that to occasionally employed his evenings which we cannot but call the attenat Cannes in reading the Scriptures tion of your Excellency is the motive with a company of the inhabitants officially given to the measure in who chose to attend at his house for question. This motive seems to us to that purpose; and he committed the threaten the liberty of Protestant further outrage of making some worship in France. The executive prayers and singing hymns. These power has declared the holding of meetings attracted the notice and religious meetings duly notified, incurred the displeasure of the bishop though not authorized, (such auand the clergy, and being on the eve thorization being irreconcilable with of an election of a new Chamber of full liberty,) as an act disturbing Deputies, it was important for the the public peace,' and disturbing it Government to secure the good-will to such a degree as to justify measures of the sacerdotal community; ac- so unheard of and severe as those cordingly the Préfet, with much less which have been taken against several ceremony than is observed with us in foreigners, whose only crime has been opening a foreigner's letters, issued zeal for the Protestant faith. You his edict in the following terms : will understand, Mons. le Ministre,
“Seeing that the Sieur C— is a that in learning these facts we have troubler of the public peace at been deeply moved, and have conCannes, we ordain that he be escorted sidered it our duty to place before within twenty-four hours out of the you the expression of our grief and French territory."
of our fears." (Signed)
To this letter the Minister sent an This decree having been sent to the answer, dated September 5, 1846, of Minister for the Interior Department which the following is the subfor confirmation, was returned with stance :out delay with the word confirmé. “ The complaints that have reached The result was, that the poor school- the Society on the subject of this master, for the crime of having measure, and which are expressed in prayed and read the Scriptures in a the letter of the Society, are grounded private house, was conducted over the on a partial view of the case. The frontiers, and turned without a pass- authorities, in using the power which port into the merciless hands of the the law confers upon them, came to Sardinian police.
their determination upon serious conA memorial was then addressed by sideration for public order, and upon the inhabitants of Cannes, signed by the formal representations of the fifty of the most substantial house- local authorities. This is only a holders, in which they ventured to solitary case which it is not possible remonstrate against this arbitrary to connect with any system of Goexercise of power, and desired to vernment; and those citizens who know upon what grounds and for profess any of the Dissenting religions what crime the penalty of banish- ought to be well convinced that the ment had been inflicted upon their King's Government, faithful to the worthy schoolmaster. No answer spirit of our Institutions, does not was given to the respectful re- adopt any tendency which would be