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destroying our balance and our peace, and if other candidates present themselves of whom we know that they cannot be true to their own Church and its head without being untrue to the pledged Protestantism of our Sovereign, and that consequently such persons, if sincere in their religion, as it pledges them against heretics, especially heretical sovereigns, must be insincere in their allegiance to the Crown of England as now limited, and on the contrary, if they be indeed sincere in that allegiance, notwithstanding the contracted, pledged, and indefensible Protestantism of our Sovereign, that then they must be insincere in their Romanism or Papalism ; when such candidates present themselves, how can we delegate power to them? How can we, as Christian people, thankful to God for his mercies of peace and good government to our land, vote for such persons in the fear of God?

“Under such circumstances is it not plainly impracticable to separate our political acts from our religious principles and motives, our duty towards our followers from our duty towards God? Where is the anatomist in theology, or in the metaphysics of public and private morality, who can trace the line of separation between the religious principle which secures “just weights and measures in the shop,' and the absence of it which utterly dissociates religion and politics at the hustings? If it be alleged that religion has nothing to do with just weights and measures, then upon the principles which separate morality from religion I quite agree that it is consistent to separate politics from religion. This is to make religion an exotic indeed, so delicate as it is to be feared to be at the withering point unto death. The man or the nation who puts away a good conscience towards God in his outward duties of whatsoever kind, will, with awful certainty, make shipwreck concerning faith. If religion be not welcomed and entertained as the practical guide of life, both public and private, she will refuse to remain among men as a visitor or a viscoa to be made a convenience of for hypocrisy or deceit. If the revealed will of God be discarded by rulers, as no longer practicable because of the varieties of conflicting opinions among men, what have a set of servants to expect who, while endeavouring to please one another for present ease, are all combined in a course displeasing to their Master ? I do not mean to say that every interference with the British Constitution as it now is must be offensive to God. I advance no such untenable position.

It is when the law of God is set at nought by the civil rulers of a State, that the Christian Church in that State should bear her faithful testimony against the transgression, addressing her. self to every ruler of every degree and grade of influence, from the Sovereign on the Throne to the poorest freeholder whose name is or ought to be on the registration lists, and reminding them all of the revealed will of the King of kings and Ruler of princes, which may indeed be neglected and despised for the present, but certainly not with permanent impunity, that all who rule over men should rule in the fear of God.

“ It is the Lord, the Lord Jesus Christ, risen from the dead, and

ascended to the right hand of the Majesty on high, to whom all power is given in heaven and in earth.

« He it is who sitteth upon the flood controlling the waves of the sea and the tumults of the people. He it is who setteth up kings and removeth kings ; who teaches senators wisdom, or pours contempt and folly upon human counsels, who maintains the peace of empires, or, withdrawing his hand of restraint, permits the proud and noisy waves of revolutionary tumult to rise and swell and burst with overwhelming fury over the bulwarks of constituted authority. He it is who in inscrutable wisdom employs free agents of high intelligence as the sure accomplishers of his purposes, albeit they think not so, neither does it come into their heads to serve or obey him.

“ In vain they combine and consult to establish their own purpose; unless it be a part of his purpose also, the consultations of their highest wisdom are baffled, and the efforts of their utmost strength are crossed and reversed by the smallest, the most unthought of, and, as men speak, accidental or untoward circumstance. Behold! exclaims the prophet, is it not of the Lord of Hosts that the people labour in the very fire, and the people shall weary themselves of very vanity ? But when his own work is to be accomplished, and his time is come, then, however 'weak and inadequate, or even foolish the instrument whom he employs may be, opposition vanishes and success is sure: for the Lord sitteth King for ever.

"God thundereth marvellously with his voice ; great things doeth he, which we cannot comprehend. For he saith to the snow, Be thou on the earth ; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength. He sealeth up the hand of every man ; that all men may know his work. Then the beasts go into dens, and remain in their places. Out of the south cometh the whirlwind : and snow out of the north. By the breath of God'- mark the personality of the sacred word, by the breath of God,' frost is given : and the breadth of the waters is straitened. Also by watering he wearieth the thick cloud: he scattereth his bright cloud: And it is turned round about by his counsels: that they may do whatever he commandeth them upon the face of the world in the earth. He causeth it to come, whether for correction, or for his laud, or for mercy. Hearken unto this, O Job,' —and ye also, ye rulers of England, rich in her conquests, and proud of her successes, stand still and consider the wondrous works of God.'*

“ Realize all this, and let the revealed will of God be your guide, neither be afraid or ashamed to avow that it is so, in the nationalities of Parliament and the Cabinet as truly as in the integrities of commercial, or the amenities of domestic life. If in applying the revealed will of God to national questions you and others differ in opinion, what then ? You differ as it is, having no fixed standard for any one principle of honour, or consistency, or truth. A real reference to the Word of God, honestly made on both sides, would narrow your grounds of difference into a question of interpretation only, the standard being one; and whatever differences might arise then, they could scarcely be so utterly diverse 'as those which now exist in the

* Job xxxvii: 5-14.

absence of a standard altogether. Or if they were, and were found equally perplexing among men, still they would not be so dishonouring to God as the present system of deliberate neglect avowed in the determination to raise no religious questions, or legislate on professedly religious grounds, in defiance of the very letter of God's law, and to stifle all reference to his authority by proclaiming your own incompetency to discuss religious differences.

“He has raised you up and caused you to bear rule over his people in this land. Know ye, and cause the people to know, whose ministers ye are ; educate the people in these sublime truths of Holy Scripture, not by any questionable instrumentality of your own, constructed in the vain hope of pleasing all parties, but by means of a divinely-appointed instrumentality ready at your hand, by making the Church, whose office it is to bear witness for God, commensurate with the wants of the people. Honour God's witness in the nation, by an increase of its resources and its efficiency, corresponding to the increase of every other department of our polity. By so doing you will confer the greatest attainable benefits on the nation—directly on those who will receive the teaching of the National Church, and indirectly on all the rest, by the prolonged peace and good order and prosperity of the whole realm.”


PROPERTY IN IRELAND. I RECOLLECT that a Roman Catholic gentleman once attacked me on this ground; he charged me with taking money to say mass, and, instead of this, performing for it services which the donors would have thought heretical. I met his objection thus: “Sir," said I, “ you charge me wrongfully; and if you knew my history, you would see that yourself. I am a remarkable character, Sir; though not very elderly in appearance, I am now in reality about 1400 years old.” My friend started at this information. “Be not surprised, Sir," said I," you shall hear my story. I was ordained by St. Patrick shortly after his arrival in this country, and preached the very same doctrines that I do at present. Things went on very pleasantly with me for about 700 years, at which time the English, at the instigation of the Pope, invaded this our native land : they did all they could to seduce me from that simple faith which I had learned from the great apostle of Ireland; and, alas ! with too much success. My mind became corrupted by the superstitions of Popery, and at last I became quite & bigot in that line; and in those days of my darkness, I not only myself had a zeal which was not according to knowledge, but I thought I was doing God service, when I succeeded in persuading the people to devote almost all their substance to the maintenance of those idolatries through which I was bewitched. In the reign of Richard II., I was appointed Chaplain of St. Nicholas Within, and I took great pains to

* See “ Free Thoughts on Protestant Matters,” by the Rev. T. Gregg, Chaplain of St. Nicholas Within, Dublin, a chaplaincy endowed by Roman Catholics in the reign of Richard II.

induce the parishioners to make a handsome provision for my old age, which, persuaded as they were of the importance of my Popish prinples, they readily did. I enjoyed the provision which they made for me, blindly practising the errors which I was imbued with, for above 1,000 years, until the period of the Reformation. Then, for the first time, I began to perceive the delusions of which I had been the victim

that I had altogether departed from the faith of St. Patrick, and .not only gone wrong myself, but had been a blind leader of the blind. However my eyes were now opened, and when they were, I did not resign my chaplaincy, neither did I give up the provision which I had raised for it in the days of my darkness. I applied it to the use for which I had persuaded the donors to grant it-although unfortunately at that time neither I nor they knew how to accomplish what we aimed at—the glory of God. And I have ever since happily continued to practise and to preach, through the support which it has rendered me, the precepts and principles of the Primitive Christian Church. I do not think, you can say,” said I to my friend, “ that I have perverted the purpose of my endowment, or applied it to a purpose different from that which it was originally intended to accom



can only roar forth his hot rage SHEPHERD

against them, and hurl his fiery darts

at them, with a fetter round his limbs; How passing sweet is it to the Chris- while every blast of his hellish voice, tian, when thinking of the dangers and every flaming dart from his hellish that surround him and his own weak- quiver, only drives the flock nearer ness and folly, to look up to the to the side of their good Shepherd, Shepherd of his soul! There, indeed, makes them nestle closer to his heart is the wise and skilful Shepherd, who and plunge deeper into the depths of knows his own sheep and calls them his everlasting love. Satan storms by name, who is acquainted with all and howls in vain against the sheep their wants, and has the power and of Christ; Satan tempts and accuses the will to supply them all. He in vain the soul that has fled for reknows how to bear them in his sym- fuge to Christ, and has his outstretched pathizing bosom when weary, and to wings spread over him. In the seek them out, and carry them back strength of his tender Shepherd, the on his powerful shoulders, when they weakest lamb of the Saviour's fold have strayed from the shelter of his shall tread upon the lion and the peaceful fold. He knows well how adder; the young lion and the dragon to restore their soul, and lead them shall he trample under feet. He in the paths of righteousness and dwells in the secret place of the Most peace, and to heal the wounds they High, and abides under the shadow receive from the thorns and briers of of the Almighty. The Lord delivers this wicked world; no wild boar out him from every snare, and suffers not of the woods can break into their se- a hair of his head to fall to the ground. cure enclosure, for the bosom of the The Lord covers him with his feathers, Almighty is their habitation, and the and hushes all his foolish fears, and soft breast of Jesus the pillow on calms his timid breast, with the sweet which they recline; they dwell in assurance, Thou shalt not be afraid Christ, and Christ in them. The for the terror by night; nor for the omnipotent arm of their Shepherd arrow that flieth by day; nor for the God holds back the raging hosts of pestilence that walketh in darkness ; hell, and restrains the fury of malig- nor for the destruction that wasteth nant men; the devil is chained, and at noon-day. ... Because thou


hast made the Lord, which is my re- them a parting proof of his fidelity fuge, even the Most High, thy habi- and love, as their good Shepherd. tation: there shall no eril befall thee, Neither did he neglect his flock when neither shall any plague come nigh he ascended up to the right hand of thy dwelling.' (Ps. xci. 5–10.) Yes, his Father and their Father, and his says the believing soul, I will trust God and their God. He gare his and not be afraid, for thou, O Lord, flock pastors and teachers after his art my good and tender Shepherd, own heart; he raised up subordinate strong to defend, and mighty to save. shepherds who should nourish them Yea, though I walk through the with the sincere milk of the word, valley of the shadow of death, I will and feed them with all the fat things fear no evil: for thou art with me; of the Gospel Feast; and to every thy rod and thy staff they comfort one of these inferior shepherds of his me. The flock of Christ have to flock, he said, as he did to Peter, travel, it is true, through a country •Lovest thou me ? feed my sheep. in the enemy's hands, beset with Lovest thou me ? feed my lambs.' snares and surrounded with perils; Still, still, to this very day, is our they are weak, it is true, in them- spiritual Joseph feeding his Father's selves, and defenceless as silly sheep, flock-nourishing them to everlasting but as they travel on through the life, with his broken body and his wilderness, from one end of the flock poured out blood, which they spiritto the other, there rises up a glorious ually feed upon by faith. 'I,' he says and exulting shout, The Lord of to them every one, I am the living hosts is with us, the God of Jacob is bread which came down from heaven: our refuge. If we pass from the Old if any man eat of this bread he shall Testament to the New, we do not lose live for ever; and the bread that I this lovely character of our Redeemer: will give is my flesh, which I will Jesus loved to talk of himself as the give for the life of the world.' (John good Shepherd, delighted to address vi. 51.) Still does he feed every his disciples as the sheep of his pas. hungry soul amongst his scattered ture. Like Joseph, his meat and his sheep, and measures out to each their drink was and still is to feed his Fa- appropriate portion of food in due ther's flock. Fear not,' he says, season. It is he who acts as the chief • little flock, for it is your Father's Shepherd of his Father's flock, apgood pleasure to give you the king- pointing the station of every pastor, dom.' • I send you forth,' he says to and enabling them, by the gifts of his his disciples, “as sheep in the midst grace, to feed rightly the flock of God of wolves; be ye, therefore, wise as committed to his charge. It is his serpents and harmless as doves.' blessing breathed upon the bread of How carefully, when on earth, did he life, as it is dispersed in fragments by watch over the interests of his little his ministers to the hungry multiflock! When he was rudely seized tudes, that makes it sufficient to nouby an armed band in the garden to rish so many thousand souls. Yes, which he oft resorted, how beautiful Jesus presides at the spiritual enterhis tender care for the sheep, while tainments provided for the refreshhe, as the Shepherd, submitted, with- ment of Zion's pilgrims Sabbath after out a murmur, to be led away to Sabbath; and as the eye of faith can prison and to death! If ye seek discern the presence of her Lord in me,' says he, let these go their way the sanctuary, with the banner of love And this he said, we are told, that floating above her, so can the ear of the saying might be fulfilled which faith distinguish the sweet accents of he spake, Of them which thou gavest his voice, welcoming her to the banme have I lost none.' Yes, the sheep quet, and dispelling her diffidence, were preserved and secured, though Eat, О friends ; drink, yea, drink the Shepherd was smitten! All abundantly, O beloved.' Whosoever through his sojourn with them he fed will, let him come and take the water them with Gospel truth, as they were of life freely.' able to bear it, and now, when he is It is a mistake, a great and an cruelly torn away from them, he gives awful mistake, to suppose that Christ

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