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ON THE USE OF PICTURES ON THE USE OF PICTURES AND IMAGES
AND IMAGES IN THE IN THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH.
CHRISTIAN CHURCH. more. 3. Catholics honour, Invocation to her, and saints and angels, though not with any part of appearing as it does, rendering it divine divineworship, the angels and honour, and not rendering it at the same saints of God, as belonging time l and which the Christian religion to him, and as truly worthy expressly prohibits. Surely kneeling, of honour, upon account of “bowing down to ” saints and angels, the excellent gifts of grace must be deemed rendering divine hoand glory received from nours, since that is the posture and mehim; but they ask nothing thod of adoring the Creator. ... Why of them but what they know therefore render any honours, which remust come from God's hands, semble, too, so closely divine honours, and therefore their usual ad- to those who never were gods, but mordress to them is “ Pray for tals like ourselves ? "Wherefore he is us." The Heathens not only able to save them to the uttermost that gave the sovereign worship come unto God by him, seeing he ever of adoration and sacrifice liveth to make intercession for them.” to their inferior deities, but See Heb. vii. 25; also iv. 14, 15, 16; looked upon them, in many xiii. 15; also 1 John iii. 22 ; John X. 9. respects, independent of Here is your Saviour's command; and their chief god (whilst they yet ye will apply to other mediators and made him himself dependant other intercessors. Who appointed angels upon fate); accordingly, as such ? If Christ indignantly rejects they addressed themselves our petitions, because we will apply in to them, not as intercessors another way than he “who is the Way” (for in the whole heathen has appointed, saints, angels (even were mythology we shall scarce such their office), aye, the highest once find an “Ora pro no- cherubim and seraphim, might plead for bis "), but as distributors us in vain! ...., of blessings and gifts to You have admitted, a false relic may them, according to their chance to be “honoured” for a true different offices and powers. one; thus you may be 6 venerating" 4. Those whom the Catho- one of the vilest of human beings; lics honour with an inferior though, in either case, it is “sacrificing veneration for God's sake, to devils, and not to God," for no “ true are indeed the ministers and servant or minister of God would conservants of the one true God. sent to receive unlawful homage ; as by The inferior deities of the so doing he would forfeit heaven ; for Heathens were wicked by treading in the steps of the fallen wretches, such as Bacchus, angels he would share their punishment, Mars, or other devils, as we and justly. Where is the “immense learn from many texts of distance between the objects” of Roman Scripture, - Lev. xvii. 7; Catholic and Heathen adoration ? both Deut. xxxii. 17; Psalm cvi. have inferior deities, though differing in 37; 1 Cor. x. 20. 5. As name. Can Christians imagine that, to images—not to speak of because an image is styled the Virgin the immense distance be- Mary, instead of Minerva ; or some saint tween the objects repre- (who may never have existed, save in sented by Catholics and the calendar), instead of Jupiter, that
Vol. VIII.- October, 1846. FF New Series, No. 10.
OF THE USE OF PICTURES OF THE USE OF PICTURES AND IMAGES AND IMAGES IN THE
IN THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Heathens, it is certain that an alteration in the title can change a the Heathens, at least the positive disobedience into one of merit ? generality of them, believed “Hath the Lord as great delight in sacri. the very idols to be gods, fices, as in obeying the voice of the and accordingly these, as Lord ? ” 1 Sam. xv. 22. Conscience must well as the others, offered have struggled to be heard when the prayers and sacrifices to the second commandment was altered and idols, and gave them the displaced .... but remember, though names of the deities which you cannot face it on earth, at least, try they worshipped in them. to hide it from your view, it still exists, Now we neither believe our and will testify against you in heaven. images to be gods, nor to be Farther; if your images have no the bodies of gods, nor the power or virtue in them, by what agency peculiar places of God's re- do they work miracles ? If they posa sidence, nor symbols of his sess not this power in themselves, nor presence, nor to have any are “the peculiar places” of God's resipower or virtue in them; dence, nor “symbols of his presence," nor do we put our trust in what then are they ? St. Paul says, “An them, or pray to them, or idol is nothing in the world.” You “do offer sacrifices, or other di- not trust in them" though you ask their vine honours to them: there- intercession; you“ do not pray to them" fore there is no similitude though you kneel before them, saying, between the Heathen wor- “ Ora pro nobis,” por do you pay divine ship and ours.
honours, though you burn candles and incense before them. Alas! how can you reconcile such contradictions and inconsistencies ? in a matter, too, which concerns God and your immortal souls. Does not conscience whisper you, “do not bow down to and serve them?”. Exod. xx,
(63) OF EXORCISMS AND (63) OF EXORCISMS AND BENEDICTIONS,
BENEDICTIONS, OR BLESS- OR BLESSINGS OF CREATURES, IN
Page 256.-Q. What do I refer you again to Acts xix. 13-17. you mean by exorcisms ? Mark what befel the “ seven sons of the
A. The rites and prayers chief of the Priests, who took upon instituted by the Church for themselves to cast out devils.” the casting out devils, or I have read of magical incantations restraining them from hurt employed by those who knew not Christ ing persons, disquieting for the very same purpose. places, or abusing any of God's creatures to our harm.
OF EXORCISMS AND BENE- OF EXORCISMS AND BENEDICTIONS,
DICTIONS, OR BLESSINGS OR BLESSINGS OF CREATURES, IN
(64) What do you (64) Some sparks of divinity must be mean by Agnus Dei's ? supposed to reside in these Agnus Dei's;
A. Wax stamped with they resemble, or rather are, talismans, the image of the Lamb of over which incantations and « prayers” God, blessed by the Pope have been uttered, to drive away the with solemn prayers, and devil! ... Christians I whence derived anointed with the holy this relic of Paganism? chrism.
To maintain a prayerful spirit (" to pray without ceasing"), and look to the right source of help, God Almighty, is the only efficaeious, as it is the only true safeguard from the attacks of
Satan. (65) . What warrant (65) Can you read this very striking have you in Scripture for chapter, and close your eyes ? The blessing inanimate things ? quotation from 1 Tim. iv. 4, 5, is cor
A. 1 Tim. iv. 4, 5; rect, save the omission of the word “For," “ Every creature of God is which shews there is something antecegood, and nothing to be re- dent, necessary to eomplete the sense, fused, if it be received with and give the true legitimate meaning of thanksgiving, for it is sanc. the text cited : it should have been from tified by the Word of God the 1st to the end of the 5th verse, when and prayer.”
it will be seen it refers to “ forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them wbich believe and know the truth.”
Full well « the Church” knows the danger of entrusting to other hands than her own, when she thus interprets Seripture according to her will and pleasure. Christians! the Bible was given “ to be known and read of all men." Whom will ye obey ? Christ, the Head of the Church, who died for you? or will ye
rebel, and “give heed to fables ?" (66) R What do you (66) Can you indeed venture to make mean by holy water? such an assertion ?
A. Water sanctified by the Word of God and prayer.
(67) Q. What is the use (67) Never used by the Apostles, as that of holy water?
even appears to assume also the office of A. It is blessed by the him who overcame the powers of darkChurch, with solemn prayers ness for us, and can alone defend us from to beg God's protection and their attacks.
OF EXORCISMS AND BENEDICTIONS.
OR BLESSINGS OF CREATURES, IN
(68) Since the whole Bible does not furnish a single text authorizing this superstitious and unholy practice, we have again “ the holy fathers” and “ Church writers." Can men of even ordinary intelligence, and especially Christians, really thus follow “cunningly devised fables”? Do they resist or overcome magic by magic? Alas, to what a state of spiritual bondage are your minds reduced, that under the semblance of piety can resort to such unsanctified-such unhallowed means !
OF EXORCISMS AND BENE
DICTIONS, OR BLESSINGS
THE USE OF HOLY WATER. blessing upon those that use it, and, in particular, that they may be defended from all the powers of darkness.
(68) Q. Have the Holy Fathers and ancient Church writers left upon record any miracles done by holy water ?
A. Yes, they have; more particularly upon those occasions when it has been used against magical enchantments, and the power of the devil. See instances in St. Epiphanius, in St. Hierome, in the life of St. Hilarion, in Theodoret, and 5 Hist. Eccl. c. 21, in Pelladius Histor. Laus. c. 6, &c.
(69) Page 258.—Q. What is the order and manner of making holy water?
A. The priest signs himself with the sign of the cross, saying, “Our help is in the name of the Lord.” Ans. “Who made heaven and earth.” Then he proceeds to the blessing of the salt, &c., saying, “I exorcise thee, O creature of salt, by the living God, by the true God, by the holy God, and that thou mayest by this exorcism be made beneficial to the faithful, and become to all them that make use of thee, healthful both to soul and body; and that in what place soever thou shalt be sprinkled, all illusions and wickedness and crafty wiles of Satan may be chased away, and depart from that place, and every
(69) Christians !--for so ye call yourselves; I could “weep rivers of waters" to find “you have forsaken the Fountain of living waters, and hewn out to yourselves cisterns—broken cisterns, that can hold no water.”
OF EXORCISMS AND BENE- OF EXORCISMS AND BENEDICTIONS,
DICTIONS, OR BLESSINGS OR BLESSINGS OF CREATURES, IN OF CREATURES, IN THE CA- THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, AND OF · THOLIC CHURCH, AND OF THE USE OF HOLY WATER.
THE USE OF HOLY WATER. unclean spirit commanded to depart in his name, who is to come to judge the living and the dead, and the world by fire. Amen. Let us pray.
I do not give the prayer, since it ex
presses the same. After this, the priest pro- Oh, adorable Redeemer, how art thou ceeds to the exorcism of the insulted; how art thou vilified! how water :-"I exorcise thee, many agents, animate and inanimate, are O creature of water, in the resorted to, to redeem us from the powers name of God the Father of darkness, and thus invoked by these Almighty, and in the name unholy and heathenish rites of Jesus Christ his Son, our Lord, and in the virtue of the Holy Ghost, that thou mayest by this exorcism have power to chase away all the power of the enemy, that thou mayest be enabled to cast him out and put him to flight, with all his apostate angels, by the virtue of the same Jesus Christ our Lord, who is to judge the living and the dead and the world by fire. Amen. Let us pray, &c.
(To be continued.)
A FEW REMARKS ON POPERY. EVERY man who desires the permanent welfare of his country, must view with melancholy forebodings the concessions made by the Protestant Government of this nation to those whom our forefathers regarded as its most dangerous enemies. All well-instructed Protestants have been taught from childhood to look upon the Church of Rome as diametrically opposed to the religion inculcated by the Gospel, and riper years have tended to mature that instruction into permanent conviction.
Among many Protestants, however, the idea appears to obtain, that Popery is changed—that the Liberalism, falsely so called, of the age has infused into it a better spirit. A more erroneous supposition