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2dly. Previous to his canonization, amongst all divines, that for a just theologians appointed for the purpose cause it is lawful to use equivocation examined all his works, and came to in the propounded modes, and to conthe conclusion that they contained firm it with an oath." "not one word worthy of censure." His definition of a just cause is :
The following quotation from the “ But a just cause is any honest end, circular of the Pope's domestic prelate in order to preserve a spiritual or temmentions the fact:
" And finally on the 18th of May, This definition is most important. 1803, Pope Pius VII. confirmed the How absorbing is the interest of the decree of the Sacred Congregation of Church! These are the principles Rites, which declared that all the sanctioned, approved by Rome; these writings of St. Alphonsus, whether are the “admonitions” by which the printed or inedited, had been most Romanist prays that he may be taught! rigorously examined according to the He gives some examples of lawful discipline of the Apostolic see, and that equivocation :not one word worthy of censure had been « Likewise if any one, being invited found, and made known that the moral as a guest, be asked whether the food system of St. Alphonsus had been more is good, which in reality is bad, he can than twenty times rigorously discussed answer that it is good, meaning thereby with the documents of Benedict XIV., for mortification!” and the rules of the decree of Urban Again : a servant asked if his masVIII., that in all these examinations, ter be at homem conducted with a view to the canoniza “ Can say he is not here, that is to tion of St. Alphonsus and in the defi- say, not in this door or window; or he nitive sentence of the Sacred Congre is not here, so as that he may be gation, all agreed with one heart seen.” unanimous consent-one voice-unani Also Cardenas says :mously."-See Roman Calendar for " That he can answer that he has 1845, Dublin, p. 167.
departed from the house, by under3dly. On the 2d of August the Ro- standing a departure which took place manist offers up the following prayer: in some time past."
“Oh God, who by the blessed Al On similar principles an adulteress phonsus, thy Confessor and Pontiff, can deny her guilt. inflamed with the love of souls, hast Liguori says: enriched thy Church with a new off- “ She can assert equivocally that spring, we implore that, taught by kis she did not break the bond of matriadmonitions, and strengthened by his mony; and if she have sacramentally example, we may be able to come to confessed adultery, she can answer, I Thee, &c."
am innocent of this crime, because by Such, then, is the authority of Li- confession it was taken away." guori's sentiments. The Church of Where is the husband, who has the Rome is completely identified with feelings of a man, whose blood does them; yea, each member of that not boil within his veins on reading Church implores God that he may be such a passage as this ? Liguori goes TAUGHT BY HIS ADMONITIONS!
on to state that she can persist in her Liguori maintains the lawfulness of denial even with an oath. equivocation or double speaking, and Now comes the very point in quesmental reservation. On the lawfulness tion; one which bears on such cases of equivocation (vol. i.) he says: as that of Brian Seery. Can a culprit
“ To swear with equivocation, when deny his guilt, even with an oath ? there is a just cause, and equivocation We give the question as put and anitself is lawful, is not evil.”
swered by the Saint :It is only a venial sin to swear with " It is asked whether the accused, equivocation without a just cause. legitimately interrogated, can deny a Having given various examples, he crime, even with an oath, if the consays:
fession of the crime would be attended « These things being established, with great disadvantage ?” it is a certain and common opinion Liguori gives a host of authors, who
answer the question in the affirmative, obligation will it not trample under -Cardinal de Seego, Tamburin, San- foot! There can be no safety for huches, Viva, Sporer Cardenas, Lessius, man life, no security for property, none Sa, Filliucius, &c., &c. He says:-- for the most sacred ties of humanity,
Many others, with a sufficient de- where Popery is allowed to exert its gree of probability, say that the ac- withering influence—where Romish cused, if in danger of death, or the despotism is permitted to establish its prison, or perpetual exile, the loss of iron sway. all property, the danger of the gallies, Yet this nefarious system has reand such like, can deny the crime, even ceived the sanction and the support of with an oath (at least without great the British Government; its professors sin) by understanding that he did not legislate within the senate house. With commit it so that he is bound to con- mad infatuation England has admitted fess it.”
the sworn enemies of her institutions He adds, and gives it as the opinion to have a share in her administraof Elbel, that “this should be suggested tions!!! Faithful Protestants have to confessors and penitents.”
warned their countrymen of the disasHere then it is taught-Ist. That a trous consequences of such infatuation, culprit may deny his guilt, if he be in but their warnings have been scorned danger of losing life, &c., &c.
as the ravings of enthusiasm and bi2dly. That a culprit, in denying his gotry--still facts have so far verified guilt and maintaining that he did not their predictions ; and sure we are, commit the crime, by a mental reser- that unless Britain changes her policy vation, means that he did not so com- she will, ere long, in God's righteous mit it that he is bound to confess it. judgment, become involved in diffi
3dly. That this mode of equivoca- culties and distresses at home and tion, according to Elbel, should be abroad, from which the wisdom of suggested to confessors and penitents!- those treacherous rulers, who have bethe confessor instructing the penitent. trayed her best interests to Popery
And 4thly. That a criminal, pro- and Infidelity, will fail to relieve her. vided he has confessed his crime to a We have recorded our sentiments on priest, may lawfully assert his inno- this subject over and over again. The cence, because his guilt has been re- enemy has raged, and timid friends moved by the priest's absolution! have questioned our discretion, but we
Thus Rome absolutely permits the wrote as in the sight of God—we take culprit to deny his guilt, even with an His WORD for our guide, and we are oath; she has set her seal and sanction not doubtful of the result.“ Posterity to lying and perjury. The adulteress, will approve our sayings.”—Achill the thief, and the murderer can plead Herald, March 25, 1846. not guilty. The adulteress repairs to the confessional-confesses her guilt, and receives absolution. She may then
CORRESPONDENCE. come forth to the world and say, “I am innocent." The thief or the murderer, if in danger of death, may lift EXTENSION OF THE FRANCHISE up his hand to Heaven-call the
IN IRELAND. “ Searcher of all hearts" to witness, To the Editor of the Protestant Operative. and swear in the most solemn and sa- SIR,- O'Connell and his gang of cred manner that he did not commit Burgh-Quay conspirators will not give the crime, and, in doing so, he is a their services to a Minister for nothing. consistent and devoted Romanist-a The consideration which they are to loyal son of the Church. He acts in receive for swelling the ranks of the accordance with the admonitions by Free Trade majority is to be an exwhich he prays that he may be taught. tension of the elective franchise in Such is Romanism in its most refined Ireland. This demand O'Connell form-Romanism as approved in the openly made in the House of Comnineteenth century.
mons, and Her Majesty's Ministers Hell-born and demoralizing system! with the utmost readiness submitted -what law will it not evade !-what to his will and pleasure. Oh, it is an
ignominious spectacle to see the Mi- proved by evidence before a court of nisters of the British Crown crouching justice, as will appear from the followat the feet of the modern Goliath, the ing trial :-Richard Jones, Secretary champion of the Papacy. But with of the Irish Ribbon Society, was tried regard to the elective franchise, I in 1841. Though suspected of having believe that the qualification for Ire- planned many murders, he was merely land was to be fixed at a higher stand- indicted for being a member of a ard than that of England, in order to society. In the opening speech of constitute one of those safeguards or the Attorney-General, he stated that precautionary measures with which one of the great evils of the system, the Emancipation Bill was to be ac. was its exclusively Roman Catholic companied. If it is now to be low- character, and that none but the ered, or equalized with the English members of that persuasion were franchise, a pledge given at that time received into it. This fact was afterwill be broken, and a security will be wards proved in the evidence brought removed. The influence of O'Connell forward in support of the indictment; will also be prodigiously increased by and Jones was found guilty and thus giving him a wider range among transported. a lower class of voters. Another demand made by O'Connell
ASSASSINATION OF PIERCE CARRICK, was, that the right of election, which
Esq. — O'Connell, in his place in has been taken away from Sudbury,
Parliament, attempted to palliate, or should be transferred to Cork, in order
apologize for this assassination, by that the arch-agitator may have the
endeavouring to show that it was nomination to one or two more seats
owing to the conduct of the deceased in Parliament. He has actually given
as a landlord or agent. This charge notice that he will bring in a Bill for
drew forth a reply from Mr. Pierse that purpose. O'Connell already has
Creaghe (a friend, or relative), in a the power, by means of his Repeal
letter, which appeared in the public Association, of influencing the return
prints; and from which the following of nearly three-fourths of the Mem
is an extract:bers for Ireland. This is the way in “Mr. Pierce Carrick was a Prowhich the nation and its rulers are TESTANT, and Anti-Repealer, and had “ giving all their strength and their supported the Whig candidate at power to the Beast," and preparing the various elections for his county. for themselves a slavery the tremen He subscribed the anti-repeal decladous effects of which it is fearful to ration. And, as a grand juror and contemplate. Yet how little attention county magistrate, also signed a meis given by the people of this country morial in favour of the Arms Act: to events and transactions in which and for this apparent change in his their religion and liberties are so political conduct, he doubtless incurred deeply involved!
the displeasure of the Repeal party. I hope there will be a strenuous A few months before his death he was opposition to the alteration of the fran- publicly denounced, together with other chise in Ireland, and to the transfer of gentlemen, from the altar of a chapel seats in Parliament from England to in the district; a circumstance that an Irish county.
ought to be enquired into by a ComDefensor.
mittee of either House of Parliament.
" Pierse Creaghe. MISCELLANEOUS.
“52, Great Charles-street, Dublin.” The Ribbon CONSPIRACY.—It is be CAVILLERS AND BACKBITERS.-Like lieved that the murders and outrages the gad-fly, they will pass over whole in Ireland, by whomsoever procured, fields of sweet flowers and never light are alınost universally perpetrated by on one, never be attracted by the members of the Ribbon conspiracy. sweetest or the most lovely; but di.. That the Ribbon conspirators are rectly they discern any sore or blemish exclusively Romanists, has been fully in a poor afflicted animal, they must
fasten on that and sting it to the How sweetly twines the jasmine o'er quick.
its head ? FINE PREACHERS.—Deep wells are How
How soft the turf beneath the feet often dry; and there are clouds gay
that's spread ? with all the hues of light which con- How boldly lifts its head this ancient tain no water, but only mock the hus tower ? bandman whilst they pass in brilliant How sweet the fragrance of that gracecareer over his parched fields.
ful flower ? Death of BelieveRS.—The Lord Ah no! to that alike the cold deep Jesus gathers his sheaves before a _sea, storm, just as farmers do ; so when The barren heath, or loveliest spot you see him gathering ripe saints, be
will be. sure that a storm is near.
The immortal soul of man alone will
feel A bliss, or woe, that none can ere
reveal ; CABINET.
When from the sleep of death the
dead arise, CHRIST THE THEME OF THE CHRIS- To claim their promised mansion in TIAN PREACHER.—“Had 1,” said once the skies; a pious and celebrated man, "Had I a
Or, doomed in hopeless misery to
o mountain top for my pulpit,--the wide vault of heaven as my canopy, and
Deepen the wailings of the lost in the assembled world for my audience, -the text which I would take for my
In love with death! oh, sceptic, turn sermon should be : •CHRIST CAME
thine eye INTO THE WORLD TO SAVE SINNERS.'”
To that bright world where Jesus Jesus Christ is all in all; and if reigns on high; Christ be yours, all is yours; God is Where ransomed souls by Him reyours, and the good of both worlds is deemed to God, yours ; and what can you desire Are clothed in garments washed in more?
precious blood; Every man hath his turn of sor- In dazzling splendour round the row; whereby (some more, some less), throne they stand, all men are in their times miserable. And wave the palm in each victoI never yet could meet with the man rious hand. that complained not of somewhat. Sav. dost thou still the Scripture Before sorrow come, I will prepare hope disdain, for it; when it is come, I will welcome Laugh at the fire, despise eternal it; when it goes, I will take but half
pain? a farewell of it, as still expecting its Weep, Christian, weep, not genius
early dead, A deeper darker shade hangs o'er his
His ashes sleep even on that lovely Written on reading the expression of
“ By some lamented, and by most one who, when describing the beauty forgot.” of the Protestant burial ground in Italy, exclaimed, “ It might make one his soul, an : pity arops the lang in love with death, to think of being tear, buried in so sweet a spot.”
Nor dares with curious hand the veil
to rear. In love with death! will the poor body know
* It is said that the Poet Shelly, wbo When worms devour it fading there
worms devour it fading there was accidentally drowned in Italy, was below,
buried in the spot he so much admired.
But faith can point to brighter worlds credit upon the Committee, and upon on high,
the very active and efficient Secretary And join the raptured chorus of the of the Society, Mr. E. Webster. About
five hundred persons partook of tea, For those who die the Christian's and many came to the hall afterwards happy death,
who were unable to come to tea. The And to their Saviour yield their Meeting was addressed by the Rev. parting breath.
Roseingrave Macklin, President of the A. M. L.
Association, who took the chair on the occasion; the Rev. W. Cobb; the Rev.
J. Moran; Dr. Bernays; Mr. Sowter, INTELLIGENCE.
of Castle Donington, and others. The
Choir of St. Peter's Church, Derby, THE ANNUAL MEETING of the Pro assisted by several friends from the TESTANT Association will be held in Choral Society, added greatly to the the Large Hall, Exeter Halt, on enjoyment of the evening, by singing WEDNESDAY, May 13, 1846. J. P. a selection of sacred music from the PLUMPTRE, Esq., M.P., will take the works of Handel, Neukomm, and other Chair at I'welve o'clock. The Rev. great composers. Mr. Norton, jun., Hugh Stowell, of Manchester; Kev. presided at the pianoforte, which W. MʻIlwaine, of Belfast; and Rev. he played with excellent judgment, C. Prest, will take part in the proceed throughout the evening. After the ings.
repast was finished, the Rev. R. The ANNUAL SERMON will be Macklin rose, and briefly addressed preached at the EPISCOPAL Chapel, the Assembly. He said he could not GRAY's Inn Road, by the Rev. T. R. but express his deep gratitude to God BIRKS, M.A., on TUESDAY EVENING, for the great success which He had May 12, 1846. Divine Service to com vouchsafed to the Society. The Meetmence at Seven o'clock. A Collec ing to-night was held under very ention will take place after the Meeting couraging circumstances; for at no and Sermon in aid of the funds of the period of the Society's existence was Protestant Association.
it in such a flourishing condition as at SOUTHWARK OPERATIVE Associa the present time. The Lord had smiled TION.—A Meeting of the Members of upon it, and blessed it with great sucthis Association was held in the Paro cess. The members of the Society chial School-room, Borough-road, on knew its position at the present time. Tuesday evening, March 31, when the As true Protestants, they were surRev. M. H. Seymour, who has recently rounded by difficulties and dangers; returned from a tour on the Continent but they knew where to look in every and a five months' residence in the trying hour; they knew that there was Papal states, spoke at great length, a mighty Arm ever ready to help them, and gave an interesting detail of the an untiring eye on all their moveabomination of Popery which he had ments; and an Ear ever ready to listen witnessed at Rome. The chair was to their supplications at the Throne of taken on this occasion by the Rev. J. Grace. They had no reason, then, to Horton, Rector of St. George's. The quail or tremble in the slightest deother speakers were the Rev. G. F. gree; but every encouragement to inGalaher and Messrs. Basey, Sykes, crease their exertions, being sure that Binden, and Chant.
the Spirit of the Lord was with them. • DERBY OPERATIVE PROTESTANT After some further remarks on the Association, April 13, 1846.-On necessity there was for Christian union, Monday last the Annual Tea Meeting the Reverend speaker said there was of this important and useful Associa- danger to every Protestant throughout tion was held in the Mechanics’ Lec- the three kingdoms. Every Protestant, ture Hall, Derby. The Meeting was by whatever name he might be called, by far the largest of the kind that the if really a member of the Church of Society has ever held; and the ar- Christ, was in duty bound to lay aside rangement and general management all petty distinctions, and to feel and of the affair throughout reflected great sympathize with each other when as