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RULES OF SYNTAX AND MODELS
ANALYZING AND TRANSPOSING;
SELECTIONS OF PROSE AND POETRY
FROM WRITERS OF STANDARD AUTHORITY.
BY ALLEN H. WELD, A. M.
LUTHOR OP LATIN LESSONS AND READER, AND AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR.
18 5 4.
Anrered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1847, by ALLEN H. WELD, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maino.
SYNOPSIS OF GRAMMATICAL RELATIONS.
See Gram. 00 35, 36, 37, 28, 34, or Parsing Book, pages 5,6.
MODIFIERS OF THE SUBJECT. 11 PREDICATE. MODIFIERS OF THE PREDICATE,
plete an assertion. I rarely an adjective.
is called the MODIFIED (or logical) PREDICATE.
a council at Cordova.
from a distance, the peril of
is the privilege of the good.
from your own admission.
verdant, in the winter.
is derived - from a Saxon word. The rose,
so fair and beautiful to-day, I may wither and fade to-morrow. who are obliging,
Il may expect
I to be accommodated:
MODIFICATION OF WORDS.
modified the king.
1. By a noun in the objective case, |1. By an adverb.; as, Very
if the verb is transitive; as, The rich,
2. By a verb in the infini.
2. By a verb in the infinitive; as, tive; as, Pleasant to
He hopes to return.
as, I walk in the grove.
object; as, True to nature.
as, Deep blue; Liver. 7. Rarely by an adverd; as, Not my teet 5. By an adjective; as, 'The wind . pool deep blue earthen only.
ject (adjunct); as, Agreea.
yond. 2. By a noun in the objective w case; as, Over the hills.
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES. | CLASSIFICATION OF SEN.
2. Interrogative; as, Do you
3. Imperative ; as, Buy the
4. Subjunctive; as, If it raina
The selections which compose the body of the following work are so arranged as to constitute å gradual course of Exercises in Analyzing and Parsing.
The Rules of Syntax are taken from Weld's English GRAMMAR by permission of the Publishers, and to these rules, and also to the Grammar from which they are taken, references are occasionally made, to assist the learner in explaining idiomatic or difficult pas. sages.
As the extracts are from some of the most accomplished and approved writers, the Ornaments of style, Figures of Rhetoric and Scanning, may be profitably attended to by advanced classes.
The book may be used by learners in almost any stage of attaimu ment after the elementary principles of Grammar are understood. The work is designed to take the place of Pope's Essay, Thomson's Seasons, Young's Night Thoughts, and other entire poems, which are used as parsing books in Schools. A variety in the selections, it is believed, will be more profitable and interesting to the learner than any single work can be, which exhibits no gradation In style, and the peculiarities of one writer only.
A. H. W.
RULES OF SYNTAX.
1. Syntax treats of se:tences, and teaches the proper construction of words in forming them.
CLASSIFICATION OF SENTENCES. Sentences are of four kinds, declaratory, imperative, interrogative and conditional.
A declaratory sentence is one in which any thing is simply affirmed or denied of a subject; as, Time flies; he will not understand. . An imperative sentence is one in which a command is expressed; as, Buy the truth, and sell it not.
An interrogative sentence is one in which a question is asked; as, Who hath believed our report?
A conditional sentence is oue in which something contingent or hypothetical is expressed; as, If it rains; though he slay me. .
Sentences are either simple or compound. A simple senlence consists of but one proposition; a compound sentence consists of two or more simple sentences.
The simple propositions which make up a compound senience, are called clauses or members.
The leading clause is one on which the other members dopend.
A dependent clause is one which makes complete sense only in connection with another clause.
SIMPLE SENTENCES. A simple sentence contains only one subject or nonjnative, and one predicate.