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The first epoch above-mentioned, is fifty years subsequent to the edict of Justinian in the year 533, viz.,
.A.D. To which add the sofime, times and a half” of Daniel, or, the 42 months, or, 1260 days of the Revelation
Terminates in the year
We further find in Dan. XII. 11, that from the time in which the daily sacrifice should be taken away and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, (or, to set up the abomination that astonisheth) there should be 1290 days or years, thus :
583 Add the above
During this additional period of 30 years, what is termed the battle of Armageddon will probably take place, if these chronological calculations be correct, and the utter extinction of the Roman power, civil and ecclesiastical, must
The termination of this period of 45 years probably marks the final restoration of the Jews to their own land and the blessed effects of their missionary labours.
It is then said to Daniel, ' But go thou thy way till the end be.' This last period of 45 years not being positively specified as the end, it will reasonably be inferred that there will be a further or subsequent period of increasing importance. From Dan. viii. 14, we learn that the sanctuary' is not to be cleansed' (Heb., justified) till. 2300 days, or years:' this according to the year adopted by Mr. Habershon, for its commencement, as above, viz., B.C. 457, brings us down to the year 1843,
The year 334 B.C. has been
Terminating at This year 1843 leaves a period of 157, (or, 153) years to complete the year of Christ 2000, or A.M. 6000; the year in which many have supposed the Second Advent will ensue. During this interval, or whatever fewer number of years
it may occupy,—the Restoration of the Jews,—the Erection of a Temple at Jerusalem,--the Battle of Armageddon,--the Invasion of Gog,--the Destruction and Burial of his armies,—the Ministry of Elijah,—and the solemn events which are so closely connected with the coming of our Lord will it is supposed, take place.
“ If we take the second period, A.D. 1866, as the termination of the 1260 years, there would remain 130 or 134 years to complete these great events before the arrival of the year 2000. But as we are assured by Christ that none repossessed of many privileges of which they are now destitute :-suppose that 5 amongst these their return to their own land, where the sun rises, and from
can "know the day nor hour of his coming, it is necessary that we should consider as wholly uncertain at what periods the great events will be fulfilled, which are to take place subsequent to the expiration of the 1335 years, or, (in accordance with the above period of 1843,) A. D. 1918. Because, beyond this period, no data are furnished which can afford ground for conjecture, the idea of the Second Advent taking place, A. D. 2000, being founded on nothing more than Jewish tradition.”
No. XI.Page 108. sruli v
ON THE RESTORATION OF JUDAH AND THE TEN TRIBES. sit
BY THE REV. MR. FABER AND MR. BEGG. According to the account given by Esdras, the Israelites in their progress to the unknown land, must have repassed the Euphrates at the upper region or small stream towards Georgia, and thence have bent their course between the Black and Caspian seas, which would bring them to the north-east of the country which he mentions. The voluntary determination of separating themselves from the neighbouring idolatrous nations, who had so often ensnared them, may have been approved by their ever-watchful GUARDIAN, who, it is said, “held still' or froze the waters, which they crossed to the uninhabited land, or wilderness to which they were providentially directed; and in which, at the eve of the Restoration, they are to be discovered and identified.
“Now, suppose an extensive continent, a new world, should have been recently discovered, north-east of Media, and at the distance of a year and half's journey from thence, inhabitated by a people no inconsiderable portion of whom are in religion pure Theists; (the heathen nations being invariably idolaters); ---suppose them divided into tribes, and heads of tribes; with symbols ; destitute indeed of letters, and in a benighted state, yet possessing all the marks of a people who had not only been civilized, but favoured by a revelation from God, (the former evident from their tumuli, the mathematical accuracy of their fortresses, and the clay, silver, copper, and other vessels, and relics found in the neighbourhood of Mexico, Peru, and the great rivers where their ancient and populous towns had been situated; the latter from the ceremonial observances of their worship and civil government :) super led to these circumstances, supposé amongst the tribes a variety of traditional fragments of the sacred history of the creation, and of the people of Israel :-suppose the name by which they designate the 'Great Spirit,' whom they believe the head of their tribes, is Yehowa, whom they acknowledge as the Omnipotent, Omnipresent, and Omniscient Creator, and Sustainer, on whom they are dependent from day to day for life and all things; who shall reward the just and punish the unjust, after death :-suppose you find in some of the more intelligent, and in all their prophets, a national feeling of prerogative, as if they were conscious of being a peculiarly beloved people, who shall at a future time be the repossession of the great good Book which once belonged to their people: L-suppose you find them observing certain appointed festivals and religious dances, in which the words HALLELUJAH and YEHOWA are constantly repeated ; counting their time by moons, and observing the first sight of the new moon with rejoicing; celebrating anniversary feasts of a religious nature, one in gratitude for the green corn, and another for the ingathering :--suppose you find among them an evening feast, corresponding to the Passover, in which the bone of the animal may not be broken, and, if the provision is too much for one family, deeming it necessary to call in neighbours to eat it, burying before morning dawn the remainder, and eating bitter herbs to cleanse them from sin :-suppose they have places of refuge, into which the man-slayer may flee, and whither the avenger of blood dare not intrude :-suppose they have a sacred place, where the priest must officiate in a certain dress, making an atonement, but from which other persons are excluded; the High Priest, when addressing the people, using what he terms 'the ancient divine Speech,' calling his hearers the beloved peculiar people :'-suppose they have a tradition that they had prophets, who could perform miracles, and foretell future events :.suppose they have an ark of the covenant imitated, which is not permitted to touch the ground, and which no one except the officiating priest may presume to touch, or look into, upon pain of death :-suppose that they have convocations at which all their males must appear annually; and that they are traditionally acquainted with the history of the deluge, the building of Babel, the predicted baptism of the earth by fire, and of the longevity of the ancients, who lived till their feet were worn out with walking, and their throats with swallowing:'--suppose you find some of the tribes making an altar of twelve stones, on which no iron tool may pass, whereon they offer sacrifice; with the custom of washing, anointing, and making loud lamentation for the dead ; when in deep affliction, 'putting their hand on their mouth and their mouth in the dust :'-suppose you find in South and North America all these gleanings of revelation, and many more, amongst a newly discovered people of Asiatic genius and manners, and Hebrew physiognomy, would you feel justified in refusing to acknowledge in this interesting people, the outcasts of Israel, who, when the times of the Gentiles are ending, must be brought to light, identified, and instructed by the daughter of the dispersed, preparatory to their repossession of their own land? With this idea before us, without preconceived opinion, let us listen to their traditions,* broken and desultory, it is true, nevertheless derived from a revelation which they are conscious of having lost, but yet hope to regain ; and you find in this people their own witness, perishing for lack of knowledge, under the predicted grievous 'famine of the word.'
which their remote ancestors came, is cherished with a fond faith, together with
“The various prophecies which speak of the restoration of the ten tribes, certainly cannot relate to the restoration of those detached individuals out of them who returned with Judah from the Babylonian captivity. This is manifest, both because their restoration is represented as perfectly distinct from the restoration of Judah, and because it is placed at once subsequent to that event,
* "Many of these traditions and other forms of evidence are given by the Authoress in her "Hope of Israel,' from which the above extract is taken."
and to the overthrow of Antichrist. In fact, the converted fugitives from the armies of Antichrist are described as being greatly instrumental in bringing about the restoration of the ten tribes. Hence their restoration is plainly future ; and hence we cannot with any degree of consistency apply the predictions which foretell it, to the return of a few individuals from Babylon with Judah. Of the Jews who were carried away captive to Babylon, only a very small part, according to Houbigan, not more than a hundredth part, returned to their own country. Those who are left behind, will, doubtless, at the time of the second advent, be brought back along with their brethren of the ten tribes ; just as those individuals of the ten tribes, who returned with Judah from Babylon, and (adhering to him notwithstanding the Samaritan schism) were afterwards scattered with him by the Romans, will be brought back with their brethren the Jews. So far, but no farther, the otherwise distinct restoration of Judah and of Joseph will in some measure be mingled together. This circumstance is very accurately noted by Ezekiel, even when predicting the two-fold restoration of Judah and Joseph, and their subsequent union under one king. He speaks neither of Judah nor Joseph simply; but styles the one division Judah, and the children of Israel his companions; and the other division Joseph, and all the house of Israel his companions; thus plainly intimating that some of the children of Israel shall return with Judah ; but that numbers of all the tribes, not of the kingdom of ten tribes only, but of all the tribes, shall return with Joseph.”
“It is the opinion of many who advocate the literal restoration of “the whole house of Israel,' that the remnant of the ten tribes have become incorporated with dispersed Judah ;" but Mr. Begg justly remarks :-" The situations of the two kingdoms, previous to their restoration, are represented differently,Judah, when particularized, being generally spoken of as dispersed' and scattered ;' Israel, never. Judah is frequently said to be 'gathered,' while Israel in contrast, is said to be saved,' and 'assembled' and brought again.' Israel are 'outcasts,' and only 'a remnant;' Judah, though 'cast far off,' is still a strong nation. Their restoration appears to take place while these are the peculiarities of their situations, and their union to be effected only at that time. In the very act of returning to their own land they appear to meet, and although they come 'together from the north country, their being together seems something new. . . The time of their being gathered together, appears to be when they shall appoint over them one head.—THEN,' and not before.”
No. XII.-Page 247.
ON THE MILLENNIAL DOCTRINES-BY THE REV. J. COX AND THE
REV. J. W. BROOKS.
“The doctrine of Christ coming to reign on earth is taught in King Edward's Catechism ; the majority of those divines who formed the Westminster Assembly held it; and it is plainly and honestly avowed in the Confession of Faith, published by the Baptists, in 1660, which is signed by forty-one names, and said to be approved by more than 20,000. Amidst a host of others, the following men of God have embraced it :- Joseph Mede, Dr. Twisse, Dr. Holmes, Sir Isaac Newton, Bishop Newton, Bishop Horsley, Joseph Hussey, Dr. Goodwin, Joseph Caryl, Fletcher of Madeley, Mr. Thorp, and Robert Hall, with many others, both dead and living, who, for sobriety of mind, research into Scripture, holiness of character, and zeal for God, yield to none.
“Considerable light has been recently thrown upon the sentiments of the majority of the famous assembly of divines, held at Westminster, in 1643, by the publication in Scotland of the Journal and Letters, written at that time by Principal Baillie, himself a determined ante-millennarian, and therefore not likely to be disposed to exaggerate the numbers or respectability of the parties who maintained” these views. “ In his letter, No. 117, he says : 'Send me the rest of Forbes ; I like the book very well, and the man much better for the book's sake. I marvel I can find nothing in it against the Millennaries. I cannot think the author a Millennary. I cannot dream why he should have omitted an error so famous in antiquity, and so troublesome among us; for the most of the chief divines here,' (meaning the assembly,) 'not only Independents, but others, such as Twisse, Marshall, Palmer, and many more, are express Chiliasts. In this extract two things are evident: First, that the Independents of that day were generally Millennaries or Chiliasts ; which may plainly be inferred from the expression, 'not only Independents,'—
-as if the person to whom he wrote would take for granted that they were so. And, secondly, it is evident, that the majority of eminent divines there, besides the Independents, were also Millennarian ; as is clear from his saying, 'most of the chief divines here, such as Twisse,' (the prolocutor,) · Marshall, Palmer, and many more, are express Chiliasts.' Besides the three above mentioned, the following members of that assembly are known likewise, by their published writings or sentiments, to have been Millennarian: viz., Simeon, Ash, of St. Bride's; W. Bridge, A. M. ; Jeremiah Burroughs, A. M.; J. Caryl, A. M.; T. Goodwin, D. D.; W. Gouge, D. D. ; J. Langley, Prebendary of Gloucester; and Peter Sterry, of London ; which is a considerable number, when it is remembered, how few divines commit themselves in print, compared with the number of those who never publish their sentiments; and of how many the works are no longer extant.
“As regards the Baptists, (not the Anabaptists, from whom the Baptists have been properly distinguished, *) we have, in addition to the sentiments of the eminent John Bunyan, and some other individual Baptists of piety and talent, the explicit testimony of the Baptist Confession of Faith, which is preserved in Crosby's history of that sect. . We believe that there will be an order in the resurrection; Christ is the first fruits, and then next, or after, they that are Christ's at his coming; then, or afterwards, cometh the end. Concerning the kingdom or reign of our Lord Jesus Christ, as we do believe
* “Bishop Burnet, speaking of the Anabaptists, says: 'Some of them set up a fantastical unintelligible way of talking of reiigion, which they twined all into allegories : these being joined in the common name of Anabaptists with the other, (the Baptists,) brought them also under an ill character.'” Vol. 11., book 1.